Today in Chile History
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Events 1 - 100 of 105
1541-02-12 - Santiago, Chile founded (or Feb 24)
1541-02-24 - Santiago, Chile founded by Pedro de Valvidia (or 2/12)
1541-09-11 - Santiago, Chile, is destroyed by indigenous warriors, lead by Michimalonko.
1550-10-05 - Foundation of Concepción, city in Chile.
1553-12-25 - Battle of Tucapel: Mapuche rebels under Lautaro defeats the Spanish conquistadors and exetutes the governor of Chile Pedro de Valdivia.
1574-11-22 - Discovery of the Juan Fernández Islands off Chile.
1577-11-15 - Sir Francis Drake aboard Pelican travels from Chile to Washington
1598-12-21 - Battle of Curalaba: The revolting Mapuche, led by cacique Pelentaru, inflict a major defeat on Spanish troops in southern Chile; all Spanish cities south of the Biobio river are eventually taken by the Mapuches, and all conquest of Mapuche territories by Europeans practically ceases, until the 1870s "Pacification of Araucania".
1643-05-13 - Heavy earthquake strikes Santiago Chile; kills 1/3 of population
1810-09-18 - Chile declares independence from Spain (National Day)
1818-02-12 - Chile gains independence from Spain
1818-03-16 - Second Battle of Cancha Rayada - Spanish forces defeat Chileans under José de San Martín.
1818-04-05 - In the Battle of Maipú, Chile's independence movement - led by Bernardo O'Higgins and José de San Martín - win a decisive victory over Spain, leaving 2,000 Spaniards and 1,000 Chilean patriots dead.
1823-07-24 - Slavery is abolished in Chile.
Naturalist Charles Darwin 1834-08-16 - Charles Darwin climbs Mt Campana in Chile
1834-08-17 - Charles Darwins reaches top of Campana Chile
1834-09-14 - Charles Darwins company passes Tagua-tagua-more Chile
1834-11-21 - HMS Beagle anchors at Bay of San Carlos, Chile
1834-12-25 - Charles Darwins celebrates Christmas on Beagle at Tres Montes, Chile
1835-02-20 - Concepcion, Chile destroyed by earthquake; 5,000 die
1835-02-22 - HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin leave Valdivia Chile
1835-03-11 - HMS Beagle anchors off Valparaiso, Chile
1835-03-18 - Charles Darwin departs Santiago Chile on his way to Portillo Pass
1835-04-10 - Charles Darwin returns to Santiago, Chile
1835-05-12 - Charles Darwin visits copper mines in North Chile
1835-05-14 - Charles Darwin reaches Coquimbo in Northern Chile
1836-11-11 - Chile declares war on Bolivia & Peru
1839-01-20 - In the Battle of Yungay, Chile defeats a Peruvian and Bolivian alliance.
1863-12-08 - 2,500 reported killed as result of fire at Jesuit Church of La Compana Santiago Chile
1865-11-26 - Battle of Papudo: The Spanish navy engages a combined Peruvian-Chilean fleet north of Valparaiso, Chile.
1865-12-05 - Chincha Islands War: Peru allies with Chile against Spain.
1866-03-31 - The Spanish Navy bombs the harbor of Valparaíso, Chile.
1868-08-08 - Quake destroyes Arica Chile
1879-02-14 - Chilean troops occupy Antofagasta
1879-03-23 - War of the Pacific was fought between Chile and the joints forces of Bolivia and Peru. Chile successfully took over Arica and Tarapacá which left Bolivia as a landlocked country.
1879-04-05 - Chile declares war on Bolivia and Peru, starting the War of the Pacific.
1879-05-21 - War of the Pacific: Two Chilean ships blocking the harbor of Iquique (then belonging to Peru) battle two Peruvian vessels in the Battle of Iquique.
1879-10-08 - War of the Pacific: the Chilean Navy defeats the Peruvian Navy in the Battle of Angamos, Peruvian Admiral Miguel Grau is killed in the encounter.
1883-10-20 - Treaty of Ancon, Peru cedes Tarapaca to Chile
1906-08-16 - -17] 8.6 earthquake destroys Valparaiso Chile, fire kills 20,000
1914-11-01 - German-British fleet battle at Coronel, Chile
1915-03-14 - German cruiser Dresden blows itself up near coast of Chile
1927-04-11 - Chilean gen Carlos Ibáñez names himself president
1927-04-27 - Carabineros de Chile (Chilean national police force and gendarmery) are created.
1929-06-03 - Border dispute between Peru & Chile resolved
1929-06-03 - Chile, Peru & Bolivia sign accord about Tacna-Arica-area
1931-07-27 - Chilean president Carlos Ibáñez forced out
1931-10-04 - Juan Esteban Montero becomes president of Chile
1932-06-06 - Carlos Davila coup against pres Juan Montero of Chile
1932-09-14 - Military coup in Chile under Arturo Alessandri
1932-12-24 - Arturo Alessandri wins presidental election in Chile
1939-01-24 - 30,000 killed by earthquake in Concepcion Chile
1939-01-25 - Earthquake hits Chillan Chile, 10,000 killed
1939-01-30 - Heavy after shocks destroy some of Chile
1943-01-31 - Chile breaks contact with Germany & Japan
1945-02-14 - Peru, Paraguay, Chile & Ecuador joins UN
1947-10-11 - Brazil & Chile break diplomatic relations with USSR
1952-09-05 - General Carlos Ibáñez elected president of Chile
1953-05-07 - Record 537-kg swordfish is caught by LE Marron, in Chile
1955-06-14 - Chile becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
1964-09-04 - Eduardo Frei elected president of Chile
1965-03-07 - Christian-democrats win parliament in Chile
1969-07-10 - Chilean Association of Librarians created
1970-06-05 - Chile becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
1970-09-04 - Salvador Allende wins presidential election in Chile
1970-10-24 - Salvador Allende Gossens elected president of Chile
1970-11-03 - Salvador Allende inaugurated as president of Chile
1970-12-31 - President Allende nationalizes Chilean coal mines
1971-03-29 - Chile president Allende nationalizes banks/copper mines
1971-07-11 - Chilean parliament nationalizes US copper mines
1972-06-17 - Chile president Allende forms new government
1972-10-13 - Uruguay to Chile plane crashes in Andes Mountain, (12 of 23 rescue)
1973-04-02 - ITT pleads guilty to asking CIA to affect Chilean pres election
1973-08-22 - Chilean parliament accuses pres Allende violating laws
1973-09-11 - Chile's President, Salvador Allende, deposed in a military coup
1973-09-28 - ITT Building in New York City bombed to protest ITT's involvement in the September 11 1973 coup d'état in Chile.
1974-07-01 - General Pinochet becomes president of Chile
1976-09-21 - Orlando Letelier is assassinated in Washington, D.C. He was a member of the Chilean socialist government of Salvador Allende, overthrown in 1973 by Augusto Pinochet.
1976-12-18 - Soviet dissident Viktor Bukovskiexchanged for Chile CP-leader Corvalan
1977-03-12 - Chile president Pinochet bans Christian-Democratic Party
1979-01-08 - Argentina & Chile sign Beagle Canal accord
1979-11-08 - The Chilean Communist Party (Proletarian Action) is formed.
1980-09-11 - Chile adopts its constitution
1981-03-11 - Chile constitution takes effect, Augusto Pinochet 2nd term begins
1981-04-22 - 10,000 copper workers in Chile strike
1986-07-02 - General strike against Pinochet regime in Chile
1986-09-07 - Failed assassination attempt on Chilean dictator Pinochet, 5 killed
1987-05-26 - Cecilia Bolocco, 22, of Chile, crowned 36th Miss Universe
1987-10-03 - Michael Pruffer of France skis 135.26 MPH at Portillo, Chile
1988-10-05 - Chilean population agrees at referendum against Pinochet regime
1989-03-12 - 2 cyanide-contaminated Chilean grapes found (Philadelphia)
1989-03-13 - FDA orders recall of all Chilean fruit in US
1989-06-30 - NASA closes down tracking stations in Santiago, Chile & Guam
1989-07-30 - Chile amends its constitution
1991-06-18 - Mud storm in Antofagasta Chile, kills 80
1993-12-11 - Eduardo Frei elected president of Chile
1994-03-11 - Eduardo Frei succeeds Patricio Aylwin as president of Chile
1998-10-16 - Former Chilean dictator Gen. Augusto Pinochet is arrested in London on a warrant from Spain requesting his extradition on murder charges.
2000-03-02 - Former Chilean dictator General Augusto Pinochet heads home after being told the UK would not extradite him on torture charges
2004-12-13 - Former Chilean dictator, General Augusto Pinochet is put under house arrest, after being sued under accusations over 9 kidnapping actions and manslaughter. The house arrest is lifted the same day on appeal.
Birthdays 1 - 61 of 61
1778-02-25 - Jose Francisco de San Martin, liberated Argentina, Chile and Peru
1778-08-20 - Bernardo O'Higgins, won independence for Chile
1785-10-15 - Jose Miguel Carrera, president of Chile (1811-14)
1809-09-05 - Manuel Montt Torres, President of Chile (d. 1880)
1848-02-05 - Ignacio Carrera Pinto, Chilean war hero (d. 1882)
1875-09-18 - Tomas Burgos, Chilean philanthropist (d.1945)
1877-11-03 - Carlos Ibáñez del Campo, Chilean president. (d. 1960)
1884-10-25 - Eduardo Barrios, Chile, novelist (The Love-Crazed Boy)
1887-09-15 - Carlos Dávila, former President of Chile (d. 1955)
1896-01-08 - Manuel Rojas Sepulveda, Chile, writer (Men of the South)
1896-12-29 - David Alfaro Siqueiros, Mexico, painter/muralist (Lib of Chile)
1904-02-06 - Claudio Arrau, Chile, composer/pianist (Boston Symphony Orchestra)
1904-07-12 - Pablo Neruda, Chile, poet (Residence on Earth-Nobel 1971)
1908-07-26 - Salvador Allende Gossens, Chile's last elected president (1970-73)
1909-02-04 - Kenneth W Howell, English Anglican bishop (Chile/Bolivia/Peru)
1911-01-06 - Eduardo Frei Montalva, president of Chile (1964-70)
1914-01-17 - Anacleto Angelini, Chilean businessman (d. 2007)
1914-09-05 - Nicanor Parra, Chilean poet (Defense of Violeta Parra)
1915-11-25 - Augusto Pinochet, general/president (Chile)
1917-01-17 - Ramón Cardemil, Chilean huaso (d. 2007)
1917-09-10 - Miguel Serrano, Chilean author and diplomat
1918-11-26 - Patricio Aylwin, president of Chile (1990-94)
1919-01-18 - Juan Antonio Orrego-Salas, Santiago Chile, composer
1920-03-26 - Sergio Livingstone, Santiago, Chile , football player and journalist (52 caps), (d. 2012)
1930-04-03 - Lawton Chiles, (sen/gov-D-Florida, 1971-89/91- )
1932-04-13 - Orlando Letelier, Chilean politician (d. 1976)
1932-09-28 - Víctor Jara, Chilean folk singer and activist (d. 1973)
1938-03-02 - Ricardo Lagos, former President of Chile
1940-05-11 - Juan Downey, Chilean video artist (d. 1993)
1941-07-25 - Raul Ruiz, Puerto Mott Chile, actor (Lexot, Capitolo 66)
1942-08-02 - Isabel Allende, Chilean author
1945-09-07 - Luis Aravena Munoz, Chilean singer/exiled in Netherlands
1946-06-28 - Jaime Guzmán, Chilean politician.
1947-05-01 - Sergio Infante, Chilean poet and writer
1947-11-30 - Sergio Badilla Castillo, Chilean poet
1949-12-01 - Sebastián Piñera, Chilean businessman and presidential candidate
1951-08-21 - Eric Goles, Chilean mathematician and computer scientist
1951-09-29 - Michelle Bachelet, President of Chile
1958-01-13 - Ricardo Acuna, Chile, tennis star
1961-06-06 - Tom Araya, Chilean musician (Slayer)
1967-01-18 - Iván Zamorano, Chilean footballer
1967-03-21 - Adrian Chiles, British television and radio presenter
1968-02-29 - Gonzalo Lira, Chilean-American novelist
1969-06-04 - Horatio Sanz, Chilean-born comedian
1974-07-21 - Andrea L'Huillier, Miss Universe-Chile (1996)
1974-12-24 - Marcelo Salas, Chilean footballer
1975-12-26 - Marcelo Rios, Santiago Chile, tennis star (1995 Amsterdam)
1976-09-01 - Sebastián Rozental, Chilean footballer
1977-01-19 - Nicole, Chilean singer
1977-04-10 - Claudia Delpin, Miss Chile Universe (1997)
1978-05-05 - Santiago Cabrera, Chilean actor
1979-09-11 - David Pizarro, Chilean footballer
1979-10-10 - Nicolás Massú, Chilean tennis player
1979-11-12 - Cote de Pablo, Chilean actress
1980-07-29 - Fernando González, Chilean tennis player
1981-05-10 - Humberto Suazo, Chilean footballer
1982-03-23 - José Raúl Contreras, Chilean footballer
1983-04-02 - Paul Capdeville, Chilean tennis player
1984-02-04 - Mauricio Pinilla, Chilean footballer
1986-05-15 - Matías Fernández, Chilean footballer
1987-12-19 - Alexis Sánchez, Chilean footballer
Weddings 1 - 1 of 1
1943-02-18 - Augusto Pinochet Ugarte (Chilean gen/dictator) marries Lucia Hiriart
Deaths 1 - 44 of 44
1538-07-08 - Diego de Almagro, Spanish conquistador (Chile/Peru), dies at about 63
1610-08-05 - Alonso García de Ramón, Spanish soldier and twice Royal Governor of Chile
1876-09-05 - Manuel Blanco Encalada, first president of Chile (b. 1790)
1879-05-21 - Arturo Prat, Chilean naval officer (b. 1848)
1882-07-09 - Ignacio Carrera Pinto, Chilean war hero(b. 1848)
1903-08-30 - Vincente F Lopez, historian (Historia the Chile), dies at 87
1945-08-19 - Tomas Burgos, Chilean philanthropist (b.1875)
1952-08-18 - Alberto Hurtado Cruchaga, Chilean Jesuit saint (b. 1901)
1957-01-10 - Gabriela Mistral, Chilean poet (Nobel Prize 1945), dies at 67
1959-08-16 - Pedro Humberto Allende Saron, Chilean composer (Tonados), dies at 74
1961-02-22 - George de las Cuevas Bustillo y Teheran, Chilean marquis, dies at 75
1969-02-09 - Manuel Plaza Reyes, Chilean marathoner (Oly-gold 1928), dies at 68
1970-10-22 - René Schneider, Chilean general/supreme commander, murdered
1973-03-12 - Manuel Rojas Sepulveda, Chilean writer (Hijo de Ladron), dies at 77
1973-09-11 - Salvador Allende Gossens, president Chile (1970-73), dies at 65
1973-09-15 - Victor Jara, Chilean musician (b. 1941)
1974-09-11 - Víctor Olea Alegría, Chilean Socialist Party member
1974-09-30 - Carlos Prats, Chilean Constitutionalist General, assassinated in the frame of Operation Condor
1976-05-26 - Juan Maino, Chilean leader of MAPU, "disappeared"
1976-07-16 - Carmelo Soria, Spanish diplomat assassinated in 1976 by the Chilean DINA
1976-09-21 - Orlando Letelier, minister Chile, dies
1982-01-22 - Eduardo Frei Montalva, president of Chile (1964-70), dies at 71
1991-04-01 - Jaime Guzmán, Chilean politician (b.1946)
1991-07-28 - Luis Aravena Munoz, Chilean singer/exiled to Netherlands, dies at 45
1992-01-03 - Radomiro Tomic, Chilean president (1970), dies
1993-05-19 - Nemesio Antunes, Chilean painter, dies at 75
1994-05-29 - Erich Honecker, president of German DR (1971-89), dies in Chile at 81
1996-08-30 - Jose Toribio Merino, admiral/milt junta of Chile (1973-80), dies at 80
1996-09-13 - Cesar Mendoza, general of Military junta of Chile (1973-85), dies
1997-08-25 - Clodomiro Almeyda Medina, Chilean external minister (1970-73), dies
1998-12-12 - Lawton Chiles, U.S. Senator from Florida and Governor of Florida (b. 1930)
2000-07-14 - René Ríos Boettiger, Chilean cartoonist (b. 1911)
2001-05-28 - Francisco Varela, Chilean biologist and philosopher (b. 1946)
2002-11-23 - Roberto Matta, Chilean painter (b. 1911)
2003-07-15 - Roberto Bolaño, Chilean writer (b. 1953)
2005-09-05 - Roberto Viaux, Chilean Army General and the primary planner in two failed coup d'état attempt in Chile (b. 1917)
2006-12-10 - Augusto Pinochet, Former Chilean dictator (b. 1915)
2007-09-08 - Ramón Cardemil, Chilean huaso (b. 1917)
2009-02-17 - Conchita Cintrón, Chilean bullfighter (b. 1922)
2010-07-21 - Luis Corvalán, Chilean communist leader (b. 1916)
2011-08-19 - Raúl Ruiz, Chilean filmmaker (b. 1941)
2011-09-02 - Felipe Camiroaga, Chilean character animator, Chile (b. 1966)
2011-09-02 - Roberto Bruce, Chilean journalist (b. 1979)
2012-09-11 - Sergio Livingstone, Chilean football player and journalist, dies from natural causes at 92