Today in Rome History

Italy: Bologna - Catania - Florence - Genoa - Milan - Naples - Palermo - Turin - Venice

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 168

0753-04-21 BC - Romulus and Remus found Rome (traditional date).
0752-03-01 BC - Romulus, first king of Rome, celebrates the first Roman triumph after his victory over the Caeninenses, following the Rape of the Sabine Women.
0509-09-13 BC - The temple of Jupiter on Rome's Capitoline Hill is dedicated on the ides of September.
0390-07-18 BC - Roman-Gaulish Wars: Battle of the Allia - a Roman army is defeated by raiding Gauls, leading to the subsequent sacking of Rome.
0013-11-16 - General Tiberius' (later Emperor) triumphant procession through Rome after siege of Germany
0028-06-12 - Gaius Carrinas' triumphant procession through Rome
0055-02-11 - Tiberius Claudius Caesar Britannicus, heir to the Roman Emperorship, dies under mysterious circumstances in Rome. This clears the way for Nero to become Emperor.
0064-07-18 - Great Fire of Rome begins under the Emperor Nero
0064-07-19 - Circus Maximus in Rome catches fire
0065-06-08 - Jews revolt against Rome, capturing fortress of Antonia in Jerusalem
0068-06-08 - Rome Senate accepts emperor Galba
0069-01-15 - Otho seizes power in Rome, proclaiming himself Emperor of Rome, but only rules for three months before committing suicide.
0069-12-20 - General Vespasian's troops occupy Rome after defeating the Emperor Vitellius
0070-05-31 - Rome captures 1st wall of the city of Jerusalem
0089-01-01 - Gov Lucius Antonius Saturninus of Germany becomes emperor of Rome
0135-08-05 - Betar last outpost of Bar Kochba falls to Rome
0193-04-14 - Lucius Septimus Severus crowned emperor of Rome
0219-09-29 - Batavian soldiers consecrate altar on Hercules Magusanus Rome
0235-09-28 - Bishop of Rome Pontianus steps down
0259-07-22 - St Dionysius elected as Pope, succeeding Sixtus II
0306-10-28 - Mark Aurelius Valerius Maxentius proclaimed emperor of Rome
0326-11-18 - Old St. Peter's Basilica is consecrated. Stood 4th - 16th century. Replaced by current St Peter's Basilica in Rome.
0350-06-03 - Roman usurper Nepotianus, of the Constantinian dynasty, proclaims himself Roman Emperor, entering Rome at the head of a group of gladiators.
0350-06-30 - Roman usurper Nepotianus, of the Constantinian dynasty, is defeated and killed by troops of the usurper Magnentius, in Rome.
0357-04-28 - Emperor Constantius II visits Rome
0385-02-11 - Siricius, bishop of Tarragona, elected as Bishop of Rome; first to style himself Pope.
0404-01-01 - Last gladiator competition in Rome
0410-08-24 - Rome overrun by Visigoths under Alaric I for the first time in nearly 800 years, seen as the fall of the Western Roman Empire
0417-03-11 - Zosimus becomes bishop of Rome
0455-06-02 - A D Gaiseric & the Vandals sacked Rome
0536-12-09 - Byzantine General Belisarius enters Rome while the Ostrogothic garrison peacefully leaves the city, returning the old capital to its empire.
0537-03-11 - Goths lay siege to Rome
0538-03-12 - Witiges, king of the Ostrogoths, ends his siege of Rome and retreats to Ravenna, leaving the city in the hands of the victorious Roman general, Belisarius.
0546-12-17 - Gothic War (535-554): The Ostrogoths of King Totila conquer Rome by bribing the Byzantine garrison.
0550-01-16 - Gothic War (535-552): The Ostrogoths, under King Totila, conquer Rome after a long siege, by bribing the Isaurian garrison.
0609-05-13 - Pope Boniface I turns Pantheon in Rome into a Catholic church
0799-11-29 - Pope Leo III, aided by Charles the Great, returns to Rome
Holy Roman Emperor CharlemagneHoly Roman Emperor Charlemagne 0800-11-23 - Charlemagne arrives at Rome to investigate the alleged crimes of Pope Leo III.
0801-12-28 - Louis the Vrome occupies Barcelona
0875-12-25 - Charles, the Bare, crowned emperor of Rome
1027-05-14 - Robert II, the Vrome, names son Henry I, king of France
1054-03-12 - Pope Leo IX escapes captivity & returns to Rome
1083-06-03 - Henry IV of Germany storms Rome, capturing St Peter's Cathedral
1105-11-24 - Rabbi Nathan ben Yehiel of Rome completes Talmudic dictionary
1111-02-12 - German King Hendry V arrives at St Peter, Rome
1123-03-18 - 1st Latern Council (9th ecumenical council) opens in Rome, agreements of the Concordat of Worms ratified
Holy Roman Emperor Henry IVHoly Roman Emperor Henry IV 1133-06-04 - Rome-Innocentius II crowns Lotharius III Roman-German emperor
1139-04-20 - 2nd Lateran Council (10th ecumenical council) opens in Rome
1165-11-23 - Pope Alexander III returns from exile to Rome
1179-03-05 - 3rd Lateran Council (11th ecumenical council) opens in Rome
1215-11-11 - 4th Lateran Council (12th ecumenical council) opens in Rome
1267-07-26 - Inquistion forms in Rome under pope Clement IV
1295-06-23 - Pope Boniface VIII enters Rome
1328-05-12 - Antipope Nicholas V, a claimant to the papacy, is consecrated in Rome by the Bishop of Venice.
1341-04-08 - Francesco Petrarca crowned in Rome
1347-05-20 - Rienzo calls Rome for people's tribunal
1347-11-20 - Coke di Rienzo, later Roman Tribunal, addressess a meeting of on the Capitol during people's revolt in Rome
1377-01-17 - Pope Gregory XI moves the Papacy back to Rome from Avignon.
1413-06-07 - King Ladislaw of Naples occupies Rome
1472-06-24 - Zoe Paleologa departs Rome for Moscow
Astronomer and Mathematician Nicolaus CopernicusAstronomer and Mathematician Nicolaus Copernicus 1500-11-05 - -6th Nov astronomer Copernicus observes a lunar eclipse in Rome
1501-01-17 - Cesare Borgia returns in triumph to Rome from Romagna
1512-05-03 - Pope Julius II opens 5th Council of Lateran at St. John Lateran Basilica in Rome
1524-12-12 - Pope Clement VII approves Organization of Jewish Community of Rome
1527-05-06 - Spanish & German Imperial troops sack Rome; ending Renaissance
1531-02-11 - Henry VIII recognised as supreme head of Church in England following the schism with Rome
1532-03-18 - English parliament bans payments by English church to Rome
King of England Henry VIIIKing of England Henry VIII 1600-02-17 - Philosopher Giordano Bruno is burned alive at Campo de' Fiori in Rome, charged of heresy.
1601-01-14 - Church authorities in Rome burn Hebrew books
1601-01-17 - France gains Bresse, Bugey, Valromey & Gex in treaty with Spain
1633-02-02 - M Rossi's opera "Erminia sul Giordano," premieres in Rome
1633-02-13 - Italian astronomer Galileo Galilei arrived in Rome for trial before Inquisition for professing belief that earth revolves around the Sun
1680-12-04 - Hen in Rome lays an egg imprinted with comet not seen until Dec 16th
1732-09-02 - Pope Clement XII renews anti-Jewish laws of Rome
Historian Edward GibbonHistorian Edward Gibbon 1764-10-15 - Edward Gibbon observes a group of friars singing in the ruined Temple of Jupiter in Rome, which inspires him to begin work on The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire
1798-02-10 - Louis Alexandre Berthier invaded Rome, on February 15 proclaimed a Roman Republic and then on February 20 take Pope Pius VI as a prisoner.
1798-03-07 - The French army enters Rome: the birth of the Roman Republic.
1816-02-20 - Rossini's opera "Barber of Seville" premieres in Rome
1817-01-25 - Rossini's opera "La Cenerentola" premieres in Rome
1819-10-22 - 1st ship sails by Erie-channel (Rome-Utica)
1823-07-15 - A fire destroys the ancient Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls in Rome.
1849-07-02 - Garibaldi begins hunger strike in Rome
1849-07-03 - The French entered Rome in order to restore Pope Pius IX to power. This would prove a major obstacle to Italian unification.
1853-01-19 - Verdi's opera "Il Trovatore," premieres in Rome
Composer/Pianist Franz LisztComposer/Pianist Franz Liszt 1855-10-18 - Franz Liszt's "Prometheus," premieres
1860-01-29 - American College established in Rome by Pope Pius IX
1864-11-11 - Sherman's troops destroy Rome, Georgia
1867-10-27 - Garibaldi marches on Rome
1868-11-23 - Louis Ducos du Hauron patents trichrome color photo process
1869-12-08 - 20th Roman Catholic ecumenical council, Vatican I, opens in Rome
1870-09-20 - Italian army under Victor Emmanuel II seizes Rome from the French
1870-10-02 - Italy annexes Rome & Papal States; Rome made Italian capital
King of Sardinia and Italy Victor Emmanuel IIKing of Sardinia and Italy Victor Emmanuel II 1870-10-09 - Rome is incorporated into Italy by royal decree
1884-01-08 - Chrome tanning process for leather patented by Augustus Schultz
1890-05-17 - Pietro Mascagni's opera "Rustic Chivalry" premieres in Rome at the Teatro Costanzi
1898-01-01 - d'Annunzio's "Sogno d'un mattino di primavera," premieres in Rome
1898-11-22 - Opera "Iris" premieres (Rome)
1898-11-24 - The International Conference of Rome for the Social Defense Against Anarchists opens.
1900-01-14 - Giacomo Puccini's opera "Tosca," premieres in Rome
1900-08-27 - Gabriel Faures opera/cantata "Prométhée" premieres in Beziers

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 76 of 76

0106-09-29 BC - Pompey the Great [Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus], Roman political and military leader (1st Triumvirate and Consul), (d. 48 BC)
0100-07-13 BC - Julius Caesar, Rome, Roman military and political leader, (d. 44 BC), (or July 12)
0083-01-14 BC - Mark Antony [Marcus Antonius], Rome, Roman Politician and General (Battle of Actium) (d. 30 BC)
0037-12-15 - Nero Claudius Augustus Germanicus, 5th emperor of Rome (54-68)
0121-04-26 - Antonius Marcus Aurelius, [Marcus A Verus], Emperor of Rome (161-180)
Roman Politician and General Mark AntonyRoman Politician and General Mark Antony (0083-01-14 BC) 0161-08-31 - Commodus, Roman Emperor (180-92)
0317-08-07 - Flavius Julius Constantius II, Emperor Egypt/Byzantine/Rome (337-61)
0347-01-11 - Emperor Theodosius I "The Great" of Rome (d. 395)
1611-10-11 - Hugues de Lionne, Marquess de Berry, French ambassador to Rome
1645-09-10 - Romeyn de Hooghe, Haarlem Neth, painter/goldsmith
1768-12-22 - John Crome, [Old Crome], English landscape painter/etcher
1795-06-13 - Thomas Arnold, English educator/historian (History of Rome)
1811-03-20 - Napoleon FKJ Bonaparte II, Napoleon's son/King of Rome
1820-03-25 - Xavier F M G, Earl of Merode, Belgian minister to Pope (in Rome)
1825-12-20 - Romeyn Beck Ayres, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1888
1845-04-24 - Carl Spitteler, Switz, poet (Prometheus & Epimetheus; Nobel 1919)
Pulitzer prize winning novelist Edith WhartonPulitzer prize winning novelist Edith Wharton (1862-01-24) 1862-01-24 - Edith Wharton [-Jones], New York NY, Pulitzer prize-winning novelist (Ethan Frome, House of Mirth), (d. 1937)
1870-07-27 - Joseph Hilaire Pierre Belloc, England, author (Path to Rome)
1872-01-06 - Alexander N Scriabin, Moscow, hallucinogenic composer (Prometheus)
1874-05-01 - Romaine Brooks (born Beatrice Romaine Goddard), Rome Italy, American painter
1879-07-09 - Ottorino Respighi, Bologna Italy, composer (Pines of Rome)
1888-04-11 - Donald Calthrop, London, actor (Blackmail, Scrooge, Rome Express)
1890-09-10 - Elsa Schiaparelli, Rome, Italian fashion designer
1892-05-08 - Ezio Pinza, Rome Italy, bass singer (South Pacific, RCA Victor Show)
Fashion Designer Elsa SchiaparelliFashion Designer Elsa Schiaparelli (1890-09-10) 1896-06-06 - Italo Balbo, Italian pilot/gov-gen of Libya (La marcia su Rome)
1900-04-14 - Salvatore Baccaloni, Rome, actor (Merry Andrew, Rock-a-Bye Baby)
1901-09-29 - Enrico Fermi, Rome, Italian/American nuclear physicist, gone fission/fermium (Nobel 1938)
1906-05-08 - Roberto Rossellini, Rome Italy, director (Open City)
1906-11-24 - Andreina Pagnani, Rome Italy, actress (Il Commandante)
1907-10-30 - Renzo Cesana, Rome Italy, TV host (First Date, Continental)
1908-05-27 - Harold Rome, composer (Fanny, Pins & Needles)
1908-07-04 - Aurelio Peccei, Italian businessman/chairman (Club of Rome)
Father of the Atomic Bomb Enrico FermiFather of the Atomic Bomb Enrico Fermi (1901-09-29) 1910-03-24 - Richard Conte, Jersey City NJ, actor (4 Just Men, Tony Rome, Hotel)
1912-04-27 - Renato Rascel, actor (7 Hills of Rome, Secrets of Santa Vittoria)
1914-09-14 - Kay Medford, NYC, actress (Dean Martin Show, To Rome With Love)
1914-09-21 - John Kluge, Chemnitz Germany, media CEO (Metromedia)/billionaire
1916-11-10 - Guido Turchi, Rome Italy, composer (Invettiva)
1919-06-15 - Alberto Sordi, Rome Italy, actor (Miser, Taxi Driver in NY)
1919-11-01 - John Secondari, Rome Italy, newscaster (Open Hearing)
1921-07-10 - Jeff Donnell, South Windham Maine, actor (Gidget Goes to Rome)
1924-02-06 - Paolo Volponi, Italian communist/author (Road to Rome)
1924-10-10 - Ludmilla Tcherina, French actress/ballet dancer (Sins of Rome)
1925-09-25 - Silvana Pampanini, Rome Italy, actress (Day in Court, Island Sinner)
1926-03-01 - Cesare Danova, Rome Italy, actor (Garrison's Gorillas)
1927-05-06 - Ettore Manni, Rome Italy, actor (Fatal Desire, Heroes in Hell)
1928-08-14 - Lina Wertmueller, [Arcanguela von Elgg], Rome, actress (7 Beauties)
1928-11-10 - Ennio Morricone, Rome Italy, composer/musician
1930-04-21 - Silvana Mangano, Rome Italy, actress (Death in Venice, Barabbas)
1930-09-28 - Ugo Gregoretti, Rome Italy, actor (Rogopag, Common Sense of Modesty)
1930-10-31 - Michael Collins, Rome, Mjr Gen USAF/astronaut (Gemini 10, Apollo 11)
1931-06-11 - Lucianna Paluzzi, Rome Italy, actress (Five Fingers, Thunderball)
1931-11-03 - Monica Vitti, [Ceciarelli], Rome Italy, actress (Tigers in Lipstick)
1932-07-16 - Milly Vitale, Rome, actress (7 Little Foys, War & Peace, Juggler)
Actress Sophia LorenActress Sophia Loren (1934-09-20) 1934-09-20 - Sophia Loren, Rome, actress (Desire Under the Elms, Black Orchid)
1940-04-18 - Ira von Furstenberg, [Virginia Caroline] Rome Italy, Princess (Monaco)
1941-10-13 - Paul Simon, Newark NJ, singer/actor (Kodachrome, 1 Trick Pony)
1941-10-21 - Marina Ripa, Rome Italy, countess/writer (My First 40 Years)
1950-09-07 - Adriano Panatta, Rome, tennis star (French 1976, Italian 1976)
1951-09-28 - Silvia Dionisio, Rome Italy, actress (Riavanti Marsh!, Amici Miei)
1952-06-18 - Isabella Rossellini, Rome Italy, actress (Big Night, Blue Velvet)
Actress Isabella RosselliniActress Isabella Rossellini (1952-06-18) 1953-10-21 - Eleonora Giorgi, Rome Italy, actress (Nu de Femme, To Forget Venice)
1953-11-03 - Helios Creed, American musician (Chrome)
1953-12-25 - Arnella Flynn, Rome Italy, Errol Flynn's daughter
1954-08-18 - Umberto Guidoni, Rome Italy, PhD/astronaut (STS 75)
1955-03-09 - Ornella Muti, Rome Italy, actress (Flash Gordon, Most Beautiful Wife)
1957-05-11 - Luca Urbani, Rome Italy, MD/astronaut (STS 78-alt)
1958-11-29 - Pamela Prati, Rome Italy, Million $ Cap (1984)/actress
1961-01-10 - Nadja Salerni-Sonnenberg, Rome Italy, concert violinist
1964-08-20 - Giuseppe Giannini, Rome Italy, soccer player (Rome A Team)
1964-10-31 - Amanda Sandrelli, Rome Italy, actress (The Key)
1965-10-02 - Francesca Dellera, [Cervellera], Rome Italy, actress (Capriccio)
1966-10-06 - Archi Cianfrocco, Rome NY, infielder (San Diego Padres)
1967-05-14 - Valeria Marini, Rome Italy, sports commentator (Italian Soccer)
1969-01-25 - Jesse Harte, Rome Ga, heavy metal vocalist (Southgang-Tainted Angel)
1969-11-14 - Butch Walker, Rome Ga, heavy metal guitarist (Southgang-Tainted Angel)
1978-06-15 - RoRo, [Romell Chapman], Atlanta Ga, rapper (Another Bad Creation)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 3 of 3

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Emilio G. SegrèPhysicist and Nobel Laureate Emilio G. Segrè (1936-02-02) 1936-02-02 - Physicist Emilio G. Segrè (31) weds jewish woman Elfriede Spiro at the Great Synagogue of Rome in Italy
2003-09-25 - Prince of Venice and Piedmont Emanuele Filiberto (31) weds French actress Clotilde Courau (34) at the Basilica of Santa Maria degli Angeli in Rome
2011-08-27 - British heiress Petra Ecclestone (22) weds entrepreneur James Stunt at Orsini Odescalchi Castle near City of Rome

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 59 of 59

0069-01-15 - Servius Sulpicius Galba, 6th emperor of Rome (68-69), lynched at 70
0069-08-15 - Servius Sulpicius Galba, 6th emperor of Rome (68-69), murdered
0069-12-22 - Aulus Vitellius, Roman Emperor for 8 months, executed by the troops of his successor Vespasian in Rome
0081-09-13 - Titus Flavius Vespasianus, emperor of Rome (69-81), dies at about 42
0098-01-27 - Marius Cocceius Nerva, emperor of Rome (96-98), dies at about 67
0155-07-11 - Pius I, bishop of Rome (approx 140-155)/saint/martyr, dies
0161-03-07 - Antoninus Pius, [Titus Aurelius], emperor of Rome (138-61), dies at 74
0180-03-17 - Antonius Marcus Aurelius, [Marcus Verus], Emperor of Rome, dies at 58
0192-12-31 - Lucius AA Commodus, Emperor of Rome (180-192), murdered at 31
0193-06-01 - Didius Julianus, ship owner/emperor of Rome (193), murdered at 61
0211-02-04 - Lucius Septimus Severus, emperor of Rome (193-211), dies at 64
0218-06-08 - Opellius Macrinus, emperor of Rome (217-8), dies in battle at 54
0235-03-18 - Marcus Aurelius Alexander, Syrian emperor of Rome (222-235), murdered
0257-08-02 - St Stephen I, bishop of Rome (Pope) (254-57)/heretic fighter, dies
0258-08-06 - Saint Sixtus II, bishop of Rome (257-58), beheaded
0274-12-30 - St Felix I, dies and ends his reign as Catholic Pope
0276-07-16 - Mark Annius Florianus, emperor of Rome (276), murdered
0304-10-25 - Marcellinus, bishop of Rome, dies
0306-07-25 - Gaius Flavius V Constantius, under-emperor of Rome 297-306, dies
0307-11-11 - Flavius Valerius Severus, compassionate emperor of Rome (306-07), dies
0311-05-05 - Gaius VM Galerius, emperor of Rome, dies at about 50
0313-04-30 - Gaius G V Maximus, [Daia], Emperor of Rome, dies
0336-10-07 - Pope Saint Mark, bishop of Rome (336), dies of natural causes
0337-05-22 - Constantine the Great, Emperor of Rome (306-37) dies at 47
0364-02-17 - Jovian (Flavius Jovianus), Christian emperor of Rome (363-64), dies at about 32
0383-08-25 - Gratian (Flavius Gratianus), Emperor of Rome (375-383), murdered at 25
0392-05-15 - Valentinianus II, emperor of Rome (375-392), murdered at 21
0394-09-06 - Eugenius, linguistic/anti emperor of Rome (392-94), dies in battle
0395-01-17 - Theodosius I, the Great, Spanish emperor of Rome, dies at 49
0401-12-19 - Anastasius I, Bishop of Rome (399-401), dies
0422-09-04 - St Boniface I, Italian Bishop of Rome, dies
0455-05-31 - Petronius Maximus, senator/Emperor of Rome, lynched
0840-06-20 - Louis de Vrome, emperor of French rich, dies
0843-04-19 - Judith, French empress/2nd wife of Louis de Vrome, dies
1003-05-12 - Gerbert, French scholar, dies in Rome
1031-07-20 - Robert II de Vrome, King of France (996-1031), dies
1048-08-09 - Pope Damasus II [Poppo] dies in Rome, after reigning for only 23 days
1440-03-09 - St Frances of Rome, Italian nun (b. 1384)
1463-06-04 - Flavio Biondi, Italian writer (Rome instaurata), dies at about 65
1556-07-31 - Saint Ignatius of Loyola, Spanish knight from a Basque noble family, hermit, priest, theologian and founder of the Society of Jesus, dies in Rome at about 65
1576-10-26 - Frederick II the Vrome, ruler of Palts, dies
1583-02-09 - Jeseph Sanalbo, Jewish convert in Rome, burned at stake
1666-06-30 - Alexander Brome, British poet
1671-09-01 - Hugues de Lionne marquis de Berny, French ambassador to Rome, dies
1708-06-15 - Romeyn de Hooghe, painter/goldsmith, buried at 62
Romantic Poet John KeatsRomantic Poet John Keats (1821-02-23) 1821-02-23 - John Keats, Romantic poet, dies of tuberculosis at 25 in Rome
1821-04-22 - John Crome, [Old Crome], English landscape painter/etcher, dies at 52
1822-07-08 - Percy Bysshe Shelley, English poet (Prometheus unbound), drowns at 29
1915-04-27 - Alexander N Skriabin, Russ pianist/composer (Prometheus), dies at 43
1953-07-16 - Joseph Hilaire Pierre Belloc, author (Path to Rome), dies at 82
1963-05-31 - Carel C van Essen, archaeologist (Art of Ancient Rome), dies at 63
1980-04-10 - Kay Medford, actress (Dean Martin Show, To Rome With Love), dies at 65
1984-03-14 - Aurelio Peccei, Italian businessman/CEO (Club Rome), dies at 75
1989-03-21 - Milton Frome, actor (Family Jewels), dies
1989-09-26 - Pavlos Bakoyannis, Greek parliament leader, murdered in Rome
1992-11-11 - Giulio C Argan, Italian art critic/mayor of Rome, dies
1992-11-14 - Joop Van Nellen, soccer/trainer (DHC/"We go to Rome!"), dies
1993-09-30 - Gordon Douglas, actor/director (Tony Rome), dies of cancer at 85
1994-08-15 - Wout Wagtmans, cyclist (Rome-Naples-Rome 1957), dies at 64


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