Today in Scotland History

Scotland: Edinburgh - Glasgow

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 221

1034-11-25 - King Malcolm II of Scotland (Máel Coluim mac Cináeda), King of Scots dies (b. 980). Donnchad, the son of his second daughter Bethóc and Crínán of Dunkeld, inherits the throne.
1040-08-15 - King Duncan I of Scotland is killed in battle against his first cousin and rival Macbeth. The latter succeeds him as King of Scots.
1124-04-27 - David I becomes King of Scots.
1138-08-22 - English defeated Scots at Cowton Moor Banners of various saints were carried into battle which led to being called Battle of the Standard
King of Scotland MacbethKing of Scotland Macbeth 1153-05-24 - Malcolm IV becomes King of Scots
1174-07-13 - William I of Scotland, key rebel in Revolt of 1173-1174, captured at Alnwick by forces loyal to Henry II of England.
1263-10-02 - The battle of Largs fought between Norwegians and Scots.
1291-05-10 - Scottish nobles recognize authority of English king Edward I
1292-11-17 - (O.S.) John Balliol becomes King of Scots.
1295-07-05 - Scotland and France form an alliance, the beginnings of the Auld Alliance, against England.
1296-03-30 - Edward I sacks Berwick-upon-Tweed, during armed conflict between Scotland and England.
1296-04-27 - Battle of Dunbar: The Scots are defeated by Edward I of England.
Scottish nobleman William WallaceScottish nobleman William Wallace 1297-09-11 - Battle at Stirling Bridge, Scottish rebel William Wallace beats English
1298-07-22 - English defeat Scots at Battle of Falkirk
1304-07-20 - Wars of Scottish Independence: Fall of Stirling Castle - King Edward I of England takes the last rebel stronghold of the war.
1305-08-05 - William Wallace, who led Scottish resistance to England, is captured by the English near Glasgow and transported to London for trial and execution.
1305-08-23 - William Wallace, Scottish patriot, is executed for high treason by Edward I of England.
1306-03-25 - Robert the Bruce crowned Robert I, King of Scots, having killed his rival John Comyn, Lord of Badenoch
1306-06-19 - The Earl of Pembroke's army defeats Robert Bruce's Scottish army at the Battle of Methven.
1314-06-24 - Battle of Bannockburn; Scotland regains independence from England
1318-04-01 - Berwick-upon-Tweed is captured by the Scottish from the English.
1320-04-06 - The Scots reaffirm their independence by signing the Declaration of Arbroath.
1322-03-16 - The Battle of Boroughbridge takes place in the First War of Scottish Independence.
1322-10-14 - Robert the Bruce of Scotland defeats King Edward II of England at Byland, forcing Edward to accept Scotland's independence
1328-05-01 - Wars of Scottish Independence end: Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton - the Kingdom of England recognises the Kingdom of Scotland as an independent state.
1332-08-12 - Battle of Dupplin Moor; Scottish dynastic battle
King of England Edward IIIKing of England Edward III 1346-10-17 - Battle of Neville's Cross: King David II of Scotland is captured by Edward III of England at Calais, and imprisoned in the Tower of London for eleven years.
1356-01-20 - Edward Balliol abdicates as King of Scots.
1371-01-22 - King Robert II Stuart of Scotland crowned
1388-08-05 - Battle of Otterburn, a border skirmish between the Scottish and the English in Northern England.
1411-07-24 - Battle of Harlaw, one of the bloodiest battles in Scotland, takes place.
1472-02-20 - Orkney and Shetland are left by Norway to Scotland, due to a dowry payment.
1484-07-22 - Battle of Lochmaben Fair - a 500-man raiding party led by Alexander Stewart, Duke of Albany and James Douglas, 9th Earl of Douglas are defeated by Scots forces loyal to Albany's brother James III of Scotland; Douglas is captured.
1488-06-11 - Battle of Sauchieburn, Scotland
1492-03-04 - King James IV of Scotland concludes an alliance with France against England.
1495-06-01 - First written record of Scotch Whisky appears in Exchequer Rolls of Scotland, Friar John Cor is the distiller
1495-11-27 - Scottish king James IV receives Perkin Warbeck, pretender to the English trone
1513-09-09 - Battle of Flodden Fields; English defeat James IV of Scotland
1520-06-06 - France & England sign treaty of Scotland
1522-01-30 - Duke of Albany takes captured French back to Scotland
1524-05-20 - Duke of Albany leaves Scotland
1524-07-26 - James V declared by Scottish Parliament fit to govern
1542-11-24 - Battle of Solway Moss: English beat Scottish King James V
Queen of Scotland Mary StuartQueen of Scotland Mary Stuart 1542-12-14 - Princess Mary Stuart succeeds her father James V and becomes Queen Mary I of Scotland at 6 days old
1543-07-01 - England & Scotland sign Peace treaty of Greenwich
1543-09-03 - Cardinal Beaton replaces the Earl of Arran as regent for Queen Mary of Scotland
1543-09-09 - Mary Stuart, at nine months old, is crowned "Queen of Scots" in the central Scottish town of Stirling.
1545-09-08 - English Earl of Hertford leads retaliatory mission against Scotland
1546-06-07 - England signs Peace of Andres with Scotland/Ireland
1547-09-10 - Battle at Pinkie, Midlothian: English beat the Scots
1547-09-10 - English demand Edward VI, 10, wed Mary Queen of Scots, 5
1548-08-15 - Mary queen of Scotland (6) arrives in France
1557-12-03 - 1st Covenant of Scottish protestants form
1559-05-10 - Scottish Protestants under John Knox uprise against queen mother Mary
1560-07-06 - England and Scotland sign Treaty of Edinburgh
1561-08-19 - Mary Queen of Scots arrives in Leith, Scotland to assume throne after spending 13 years in France
1566-03-09 - David Rizzio, the private secretary to Mary I of Scotland, is murdered in the Palace of Holyroodhouse, Edinburgh, Scotland.
1567-06-15 - Battle at Carberry, Scotland: Protestant troops beat Earl Bothwell's army
1567-06-16 - Mary, Queen of Scots, imprisoned in Lochleven Castle prison Scotland
King of Great Britain James I and VIKing of Great Britain James I and VI 1567-07-24 - Mary Queen of Scots is forced to abdicate; her 1-year-old son becomes King James VI of Scots
1567-07-29 - James VI is crowned King of Scots at Stirling.
1568-05-13 - Mary Queen of Scots is defeated by English at battle of Langside
1568-05-16 - Mary Queen of Scotland flees to England
1568-05-19 - English Queen Elizabeth I arrests Scottish queen Mary
1569-12-15 - Westmoreland flees to Scotland
1570-01-23 - Earl of Moray, regent of Scotland, assassinated; civil war breaks out
1571-09-04 - Catholic rebellion in Scotland
1581-01-28 - James VI signs 2nd Confession of Faith in Scotland
English Monarch Queen Elizabeth IEnglish Monarch Queen Elizabeth I 1582-08-22 - King James IV of Scotland captured
1586-10-14 - Mary Queen of Scots goes on trial for conspiracy against Elizabeth
1587-02-01 - Queen Elizabeth I of England signs death warrant for Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots
1588-08-12 - Commander of the English fleet Lord Howard of Effingham calls off chase of the Spanish Armada off coast of Scotland
1590-05-17 - Anne of Denmark is crowned Queen of Scotland.
1600-01-01 - Scotland begins its numbered year on January 1 instead of 25 March.
1603-03-24 - Scottish King James VI son of Mary Queen of Scots, becomes King James I of England in succession to Elizabeth I, thus joining the English and Scottish crowns.
1603-04-05 - New English King James I (James VI of Scotland) departs Edinburgh for London
1603-07-25 - James VI of Scotland is crowned James I of English uniting kingdoms of England and Scotland
King Charles IKing Charles I 1625-03-27 - Charles I, King Of England, Scotland & Ireland, ascends English throne
1638-02-28 - Scottish Presbyterians sign National Convent, Greyfriars, Edinburgh
1639-06-18 - Treaty of Berwick: Ends the First Bishops' War between England and Scotland
1640-08-28 - Second Bishop's War: King Charles I's English army loses to a Scottish Covenanter force at the Battle of Newburn
1640-08-29 - English King Charles I signed a peace treaty with Scotland
1641-08-20 - England & Scotland sign Treaty of Pacification
1646-05-05 - King Charles I surrenders at Scotland
1647-01-23 - Scottish Presbyterians sell captured Charles I to English parliament
1647-01-30 - Scots agree to sell King Charles I to English Parliament for £400
1648-08-17 - -20] Battle at Preston, Lancashire: Henry Ireton beats Scottish
King Charles IIKing Charles II 1649-02-05 - Prince of Wales proclaimed King Charles II of Great Britian by Covenanter Parliament of Scotland
1650-04-27 - The Battle of Carbisdale: Royalist army under Marquess of Montrose invades mainland Scotland from Orkney; defeated by a Covenanter army.
1650-09-03 - Battle of Dunbar: England vs Scotland
1651-01-01 - Charles II Stuart crowned king of Scotland
1653-12-16 - Parliamentarian General Oliver Cromwell appointed as Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland
1654-04-12 - Ordinance of Union between England and Scotland passed by the Council of State
1659-12-16 - General Monck demands free parliamentary election in Scotland
English Military and Political Leader Oliver CromwellEnglish Military and Political Leader Oliver Cromwell 1679-06-01 - The Scottish Covenanters defeat John Graham of Claverhouse at the Battle of Drumclog.
1679-06-22 - Battle at Bothwell Bridge on Clyde: Duke of Monmouth beats Scots
1685-02-06 - Duke of York becomes King James II of England and VII of Scotland upon the death of his brother Charles II.
1689-03-14 - Scotland dismisses William III & Mary Stuart as king & queen
1689-07-27 - Battle of Killicrankie: Jacobite Scottish Highlanders under Viscount Dundee defeat royalist force under General MacKay
1689-08-21 - The Battle of Dunkeld in Scotland.

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 571

0521-12-07 - Saint Columba, Irish Christian missionary to Scotland (d. 597)
1198-08-24 - King Alexander II of Scotland (d. 1249)
1210-07-22 - Joan of England, Queen consort of Scotland, wife of Alexander II of Scotland (d. 1238)
1240-09-29 - Margaret of England, Queen consort of Scotland, (d. 1275)
1241-09-04 - Alexander III of Scotland (d. 1286)
1261-02-28 - Margaret of Scotland, queen of Norway (d. 1283)
1274-07-11 - Robert Bruce, King of Scots (1306-29)
1316-03-02 - Robert II, the Steward, King of Scots (1371-90)
1321-07-05 - Joan of The Tower, Queen consort of Scotland (d. 1362)
1324-03-05 - David II Bruce, King of Scots (1331..71)
1378-10-24 - David Stewart, Duke of Rothesay, heir to the throne of Scotland (d. 1402)
King of Scotland James IKing of Scotland James I (1394-12-10) 1394-12-10 - King James I of Scotland, Dunfermline Palace, Fife, (1406-1437), (d. 1437)
1430-10-16 - King James II of Scotland (d. 1460)
1452-07-10 - King James III of Scotland (d. 1488)
1456-06-23 - Margaret of Denmark, wife of James III of Scotland (d. 1486)
1473-03-17 - James IV, King of Scots (1488-1513)
1489-11-28 - Margaret Tudor, wife of James IV of Scotland (d. 1541)
1500-04-23 - Alexander Ales, Scottish theologian (d. 1565)
1512-04-10 - James V, King of Scots (1513-42)
1515-11-22 - Marie Guise, French wife of king James V of Scotland
1515-12-22 - Mary of Lorraine, France, pro-French Regent of Scotland
1520-08-10 - Madeleine de Valois, wife of James V of Scotland (d. 1537)
Queen of Scotland Mary StuartQueen of Scotland Mary Stuart (1542-12-08) 1542-12-08 - Mary Stuart, Linlithgow Palace, Linlithgow, Queen of Scotland (1560-1587), (d. 1587)
1545-08-01 - Andrew Melville, Baldovie, Scottish theologian and religious reformer
1545-12-07 - Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, consort of Mary I of Scotland (d. 1567)
1562-01-13 - Mark Alexander Boyd, Scottish poet (d. 1601)
1566-06-19 - James Stuart, King James VI of Scotland (1567-1625) and James I of England and Ireland (1603-25)
1580-01-12 - Lord Alexander Ruthven, Scottish nobleman (d. 1600)
1582-01-23 - John Barclay, Scottish satirist/Latin poet (Argenis)
1582-01-28 - John Barclay, Scottish satirist/poet (Euphormio's Satyricon)
King of Great Britain James I and VIKing of Great Britain James I and VI (1566-06-19) 1585-12-13 - William Drummond of Hawthornden, Scottish poet (d. 1649)
1596-08-19 - Elizabeth Stuart, Electress Palatine, Queen of Bohemia and daughter of James IV and I of England and Scotland (d. 1662)
1606-06-19 - James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Hamilton, Scottish statesman (d. 1649)
1608-12-06 - George Monck/Monk, English general/gov of Scotland
1630-05-29 - Charles II, St. James's Palace, London, King of England, Scotland and Ireland (1660-85)
1633-10-14 - James Stuart, King James VII of Scotland / James II of England (d. 1688)
1641-04-15 - Robert Sibbald, Scottish physician (d. 1722)
King Charles IIKing Charles II (1630-05-29) 1644-06-16 - Henrietta Anne Stuart, Princess of Scotland, England and Ireland and Duchess of Orléans (d. 1670)
1645-03-23 - William Kidd, Pirate Legend From Scotland (d. 1701)
1649-02-11 - William Carstares, Scottish minister (d. 1715)
1652-12-25 - Archibald Pitcairne, Scottish physician (d. 1713)
1658-07-25 - Archibald Campbell, 1st Duke of Argyll, Scottish privy councillor (d. 1703)
1659-06-03 - David Gregory, Scottish astronomer (d. 1708)
1662-08-05 - James Anderson, Scottish historian (d. 1728)
1662-12-18 - James Douglas, 2nd Duke of Queensberry, Scottish politician (d. 1711)
1665-12-25 - Lady Grizel Baillie, Scottish songwriter (d. 1746)
Pirate Legend William KiddPirate Legend William Kidd (1645-03-23) 1667-04-29 - John Arbuthnot, Scottish writer (Alexander Pope)
1671-03-07 - Robert Roy MacGregor, Scottish folk hero (d. 1734)
1671-04-21 - John Law, Scottish economist (d. 1729)
1673-08-08 - John Ker, Scottish spy (d. 1726)
1674-12-25 - Thomas Halyburton, Scottish theologian (d. 1712)
1676-03-17 - Thomas Boston, Scottish church leader (d. 1732)
1680-06-22 - Ebenezer Erskine, Scottish religious dissenter (d. 1754)
1685-03-18 - Ralph Ersine, Scottish minister (d. 1752)
1686-01-17 - Archibald Bower, Scottish historian (d. 1766)
1686-10-15 - Allan Ramsay, Scottish poet (d. 1758)
1687-10-14 - Robert Simson, Scotland, mathematician
1688-06-10 - James Francis Edward Stuart 'The old Pretender', claimed thrones of England and Scotland as James III/James VIII (d. 1766)
1692-05-01 - -31? James Stirling, Scottish mathematician (d. 1770) born during this month
1695-10-05 - John Glas, Scottish minister (d. 1773)
1696-06-11 - Francis Edward James Keith, Scottish soldier and Prussian field marshal (d. 1758)
1699-04-17 - Robert Blair, Scottish poet (Grave)
1701-08-04 - Thomas Blackwell, Scottish classical scholar (d. 1757)
1705-03-02 - William Murray, 1st Earl of Mansfield, Scottish judge and politician (d. 1793)
1710-04-15 - William Cullen, Scottish physician (d. 1790)
1710-04-26 - Thomas Reid, Scottish philosopher (d. 1796)
1710-06-10 - James Short, Scottish mathematician (d. 1768)
Philosopher David HumePhilosopher David Hume (1711-04-26) 1711-04-26 - David Hume, Edinburgh, Scottish philosopher and historian (A Treatise of Human Nature)
1713-10-13 - Allan Ramsay, Scottish painter (d. 1784)
1714-04-14 - Adam Gib, Scottish religious leader (d. 1788)
1718-04-07 - Hugh Blair, Scottish preacher and man of letters (d. 1800)
1721-03-19 - Tobias Smollett, Scottish writer, baptized
1721-07-14 - John Douglas, Scottish Anglican bishop and man of letters (d. 1807)
1722-01-26 - Alexander Carlyle, Cummertrees, Dumfriesshire, Scottish church leader (Moderator of the General Assembly 1770)
1722-09-22 - John Home, Scottish writer (d. 1808)
1723-02-05 - John Witherspoon, Gifford Scotland, president of the College of New Jersey (signed Declaration of Independence)
Economist and Philosopher Adam SmithEconomist and Philosopher Adam Smith (1723-06-05) 1723-06-05 - Adam Smith, Kirkcaldy Scotland, economist (Wealth of Nations) (baptized)
1723-06-20 - Adam Ferguson, Scottish sociologist/historian
1725-03-17 - Lachlan McIntosh, Scottish-born American military and political leader (d. 1806)
1726-06-03 - James Hutton, Edinburgh Scotland, geologist
1728-02-13 - John Hunter, Scottish surgeon (d. 1793)
1728-04-16 - Joseph Zwart, Scottish chemist/physicist
1735-09-07 - Thomas Coutts, Scottish banker
1735-10-25 - James Beattie, Scotland, poet/philosopher (Essay on Truth)
1736-01-19 - James Watt, Scotland, inventor (steam engine)
1740-10-29 - James Boswell, Scotland, Samuel Johnson's biographer
Geologist James HuttonGeologist James Hutton (1726-06-03) 1744-03-13 - David Allan, Scottish painter
1744-06-04 - Patrick Ferguson, Scots army officer and rifle designer (d. 1780)
1744-10-06 - James McGill, Scottish-Canadian businessman and philanthropist (d. 1813)
1746-03-27 - Michael Bruce, Scottish poet (d. 1767)
1748-03-10 - John Playfair, Scotland, clergyman/geologist/mathematician
1749-11-03 - Daniel Rutherford, Scottish chemist and physician (d. 1819)
1750-09-05 - Robert Fergusson, Scottish poet (Scots poems)
1753-12-22 - Dugald Stewart, Edinburgh Scot, philosopher (Scottish common sense)
1754-08-21 - William Murdoch, Scottish inventor (d. 1839)
1756-03-04 - Sir Henry Raeburn, Scottish painter (d. 1823)
1757-08-09 - Thomas Telford, Scottish civil engineer (d. 1834)
1758-02-17 - John Pinkerton, Scottish historian
Poet Robert BurnsPoet Robert Burns (1759-01-25) 1759-01-25 - Robert Burns, Alloway Scotland, poet (Auld Lang Syne), (d. 1796)
1761-01-17 - James Hall, Scotland, geologist

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 21 of 21

1100-11-11 - Anglo Norman King Henry I marries Princess Matilda of Scotland at Westminster Abbey
1502-08-08 - Jacobus IV of Scotland marries Margaretha Tudor
Queen of Scotland Mary StuartQueen of Scotland Mary Stuart (1558-04-24) 1558-04-24 - Queen Mary Stuart of Scotland marries French crown prince Francois
1565-07-29 - Mary Queen of Scots marries her cousin, Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley
1567-05-15 - Mary, Queen of Scots marries James Hepburn, Earl of Bothwell
1811-08-28 - English Romantic poet Percy Bysshe Shelley (19) elopes to Scotland with 1st wife Harriet Westbrook (16)
1848-04-10 - British influential art critic and social commentator John Ruskin marries Effie Gray in Perth, Scotland (later annulled).
1949-08-12 - Multi-Tony award-winning actress Angela Lansbury (23) weds actor and producer Peter Shaw (31) at St. Columba's Presbyterian Church of Scotland in London, England
Actress Angela LansburyActress Angela Lansbury (1949-08-12) 1970-10-02 - Scottish singer Donovan (24) weds Linda Lawrence at Windsor Registry Office
1997-12-28 - Actor Robert Carlyle (36) weds makeup artist Anastasia Shirley in Scotland
1997-12-31 - Academy Award-winning actress Helen Mirren (52) weds The Devil's Advocate director Taylor Hackford (53) at the Ardersier Parish Church near Inverness in the Scottish Highlands
2000-12-22 - Pop singer Madonna (42) weds film director Guy Ritchie (32) at Skibo Castle in Scotland
2001-12-12 - Actress Ashley Judd (33) weds race car driver Dario Franchetti (28) at Skibo Castle in Scotland
2001-12-26 - "Harry Potter" author J. K. Rowling (36) weds anesthesiologist Neil Murray (30) in Aberfeldy, Scotland
Novelist J. K. RowlingNovelist J. K. Rowling (2001-12-26) 2003-01-01 - "A Beautiful Mind" actress Jennifer Connelly (32) weds actor Paul Bettany in Scotland
2003-06-29 - Actress Emma Thompson (44) weds actor Greg Wise (37) in Loch Eck, Scotland
2003-08-30 - Daughter of Paul McCartney and fashion designer Stella McCartney (31) weds British publisher Alasdhair Willis on the 300-acre Gothic Estate in Scotland's Isle of Bute
2006-08-26 - 2004 X-Factor winner Steve Brookstein (37) weds jazz musician Eileen Hunter at King's College Chapel in Aberdeen, Scotland
2010-09-25 - PayPal founder Elon Musk (39) weds actress Talulah Riley (24) at Dornoch Cathedral in Scotland
2011-07-30 - Granddaughter of Queen Elizabeth II and British equestrian Zara Phillips (30) weds England rugby player Mike Tindall (32) at the Canongate Kirk in Edinburgh, Scotland
Daughter of Princess Anne Zara PhillipsDaughter of Princess Anne Zara Phillips (2011-07-30) 2011-12-30 - Scottish actor David Tennant (40) weds actress Georgia Moffett (27) in London, United Kingdom

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 302

0858-02-13 - Kenneth I of Scotland
1040-08-15 - King Duncan I of Scotland
King of Scotland MacbethKing of Scotland Macbeth (1057-08-15) 1057-08-15 - Macbeth, King of Scots, slain by son of King Duncan
1058-03-17 - King Lulach I of Scotland
1093-11-13 - Malcolm III (Canmore, "Big Head") King of Scots, dies in battle at Alnwick, Northumberland. Historical figure Shakespeare's character based on.
1093-11-17 - Margaret, widow of Scottish king Malcolm III, dies
1094-11-12 - King Duncan II of Scotland (b. 1060)
1107-01-08 - Edgar of Scotland (b. 1074)
1118-05-01 - Edith of Scotland, first wife of Henry I of England (b. c. 1080)
1124-04-27 - Alexander I, King of Scots (1107-24), dies
1153-05-24 - David I, King of Scots (1124-53), dies at about 68
1165-12-09 - Malcom IV, King of Scots (1153-65), dies at 24
1214-12-04 - William I of Scotland
1238-03-04 - Joan of England, Queen Consort of Scotland, wife of Alexander II (b. 1210)
1249-07-08 - Alexander II, King of Scots (1215-49), dies at 51
1286-03-19 - King Alexander III of Scotland (b. 1241)
Scottish nobleman William WallaceScottish nobleman William Wallace (1305-08-23) 1305-08-23 - William Wallace, Scottish patriot, hanged, disemboweled & beheaded at Smithfield London
1308-11-08 - Duns Scotus, Scottish philosopher (coined the word dunce), dies at 42
1316-03-02 - Marjorie Bruce, daughter of Robert I of Scotland (b. 1296)
1327-10-27 - Elizabeth de Burgh, queen of Robert I of Scotland (b. 1289)
1329-06-07 - Robert Bruce, King of Scots (1306-29), dies at 53
1330-08-25 - Sir James Douglas, Scottish soldier (b. 1286)
1371-02-22 - David II Bruce, King of Scots (1331..71), dies at 46
1390-04-19 - Robert II, King of Scots, dies
1390-05-13 - Robert II the Steward, King of Scots (1371-90), dies
1395-03-13 - John Barbour, Scottish poet
1406-04-04 - Robert III, King of Scots (1390-1406), dies
1420-09-03 - Robert Stewart, 1st Duke of Albany, regent of Scotland
1425-05-24 - Murdoch Stewart, 2nd Duke of Albany, Scottish politician (b. 1362)
King of Scotland James IKing of Scotland James I (1437-02-21) 1437-02-21 - King James I of Scotland dies at 42
1445-08-16 - Margaret of Scotland (Dauphine of France), wife of the future King Louis XI (b. 1424)
1460-08-03 - King James II of Scotland (b. 1430)
1485-08-07 - Alexander Stewart, 1st Duke of Albany, Scottish prince
1488-06-11 - James III, King of Scots, dies in battle
1493-05-10 - Colin Campbell, 1st Earl of Argyll, Scottish politician
1511-08-02 - Andrew Barton, Scottish naval leader
1513-09-09 - James IV, King of Scots (1488-1513), dies in battle at 40
1528-02-29 - Patrick Hamilton, Scottish protestant martyr, burned at stake
1537-07-07 - Madeleine de Valois, queen of James V of Scotland (b. 1520)
1541-10-18 - Margaret Tudor, Queen of Scotland (b. 1489)
1541-11-24 - Margaret Tudor, wife of James IV of Scotland (b. 1489)
1542-12-14 - James V, King of Scots (1513-42), dies at 30
1546-03-01 - George Wishart, Scottish religious reformer (martyred) (b 1513)
1556-11-10 - Richard Chancellor, English explorer, dies in shipwreck off Scotland
1560-06-10 - Mary de Guise, queen-mother of Scotland
1560-06-11 - Marie Guise, French wife of King James V of Scotland and mother and regent of Mary Queen of Scots, dies at 44
1565-03-17 - Alexander Alesius, [Aless/Alane], Scottish theologist/physician, dies at 64
1566-03-09 - David Rizzio, Italian secretary of Mary Queen of Scots, murdered by Protestant nobles
1567-02-09 - Henry Stuart, earl of Darnley/Consort of Mary Queen of Scots, murdered
1571-04-06 - John Hamilton, Scottish prelate and politician
1571-09-04 - Earl of Lennox, regent of Scotland, murdered
1572-11-24 - John Knox, Scottish preacher, dies at about 67
1578-04-14 - James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell, consort of Mary I of Scotland
1581-06-02 - James Douglas, 4th Earl of Morton, regent of Scotland
1582-09-28 - George Buchanan, Scottish historian (b. 1506)
1585-12-04 - John Willock, Scottish reformer
1586-03-20 - Richard Maitland, Scottish statesman and historian (b. 1496)
Queen of Scotland Mary StuartQueen of Scotland Mary Stuart (1587-02-18) 1587-02-18 - Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots (1560-87), beheaded at 44 [OS=Feb 8]
1599-02-08 - Robert Rollock, Scottish educator
1600-12-12 - John Craig, Scottish church reformer/James VI's court vicar, dies
1601-04-10 - Mark Alexander Boyd, Scottish poet (b. 1562)
1609-12-04 - Alexander Hume, Scottish poet
1613-04-27 - Robert Abercromby, Scottish Jesuit (b. 1532)
1617-04-04 - John Napier, Scottish mathematician/inventor (logarithms), dies
1618-03-23 - James Hamilton, 1st Earl of Abercorn, Scottish politician
1621-08-15 - John Barclay, Scottish writer (b. 1582)
1622-06-16 - Alexander Seton, 1st Earl of Dunfermline, Chancellor of Scotland (b. 1555)
1624-02-12 - George Heriot, Scottish goldsmith and philanthropist (b. 1563)
King of Great Britain James I and VIKing of Great Britain James I and VI (1625-03-27) 1625-03-27 - James VI and I, Scottish born King of Scotland )1657-1625) and King of England and Ireland (1603-25), poet and author, dies at 58
1625-09-06 - Thomas Dempster, Scottish historian (b. 1579)
1636-06-13 - George Gordon, 1st Marquess of Huntly, Scottish politician (b. 1562)
1639-11-26 - John Spottiswoode, Scottish historian (b. 1565)
1645-07-17 - Robert Carr, 1st Earl of Somerset, Scottish politician
1646-08-19 - Alexander Henderson, Scottish theologian
1649-03-09 - James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Hamilton, Scottish statesman (b. 1606)
1649-12-04 - William Drummond of Hawthornden, Scottish poet (b. 1585)
1650-05-21 - James Graham, Marquis of Montrose, Scottish general, hanged
1650-10-29 - David Calderwood, Scottish historian (b. 1575)
1661-04-04 - Alexander Leslie, 1st Earl of Leven, Scottish soldier (b. circa 1580)
1661-05-27 - Archibald Campbell, Scottish politician, beheaded at about 53
1662-02-13 - Elisabeth Stuart, of James I of Scotland and England, dies at 65
1670-06-30 - Henrietta Anne Stuart, Princess of England, Scotland, and Ireland (b. 1644)
King Charles IIKing Charles II (1685-02-06) 1685-02-06 - Charles II, King of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1660-85), dies at 54
1685-06-30 - Archibald Campbell, Scottish politician, beheaded at about 55
1688-02-17 - Rev James Renwick, hanged in Scotland for being a Presbyterian
1689-08-21 - William Cleland, Scottish poet and soldier
1690-10-03 - Robert Barclay, Scottish writer (b. 1648)
1695-11-29 - James Dalrymple, 1st Viscount Stair, Scottish lawyer and statesman (b. 1619)
1696-08-02 - Robert Campbell of Glenlyon, Scottish military commander (b. 1630)
1697-03-26 - Godfrey McCulloch, Scottish politician and murderer (executed) (b. 1640)
1699-11-29 - Patrick Gordon, Scottish general (b. 1635)
Pirate Legend William KiddPirate Legend William Kidd (1701-05-23) 1701-05-23 - William Kidd, Scottish pirate, hanged at London's Execution Dock
1701-09-16 - James II of England and VII of Scotland (b. 1633)
1707-01-08 - John Dalrymple, 1st Earl of Stair, Scottish politician (b. 1648)
1708-10-10 - David Gregory, Scottish astronomer (b. 1659)
1712-11-15 - James Douglas, 4th Duke of Hamilton, Scottish nationalist (b. 1658)
1713-10-20 - Archibald Pitcairne, Scottish physician (b. 1652)
1715-03-17 - Gilbert Burnet, Scottish Bishop of Salisbury (b. 1643)
1715-12-28 - William Carstares, Scottish minister (b. 1649)
1717-03-19 - John Campbell, 1st Earl of Breadalbane and Holland, Scottish royalist


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