Today in Scotland History
Events 1 - 100 of 210
1034-11-25 - King Malcolm II of Scotland (Máel Coluim mac Cináeda), King of Scots dies (b. 980). Donnchad, the son of his second daughter Bethóc and Crínán of Dunkeld, inherits the throne.
1040-08-15 - King Duncan I is killed in battle against his first cousin and rival Macbeth. The latter succeeds him as King of Scots.
1124-04-27 - David I becomes King of Scots.
1138-08-22 - English defeated Scots at Cowton Moor Banners of various saints were carried into battle which led to being called Battle of the Standard
1153-05-24 - Malcolm IV becomes King of Scots
1174-07-13 - William I of Scotland, key rebel in Revolt of 1173-1174, captured at Alnwick by forces loyal to Henry II of England.
1263-10-02 - The battle of Largs fought between Norwegians and Scots.
1291-05-10 - Scottish nobles recognize authority of English king Edward I
1292-11-17 - (O.S.) John Balliol becomes King of Scots.
1295-07-05 - Scotland and France form an alliance, the beginnings of the Auld Alliance, against England.
1296-03-30 - Edward I sacks Berwick-upon-Tweed, during armed conflict between Scotland and England.
1296-04-27 - Battle of Dunbar: The Scots are defeated by Edward I of England.
Scottish nobleman William Wallace 1297-09-11 - Battle at Stirling Bridge, Scottish rebel William Wallace beats English
1298-07-22 - English defeat Scots at Battle of Falkirk
1304-07-20 - Wars of Scottish Independence: Fall of Stirling Castle - King Edward I of England takes the last rebel stronghold of the war.
1305-08-05 - William Wallace, who led Scottish resistance to England, is captured by the English near Glasgow and transported to London for trial and execution.
1305-08-23 - William Wallace, Scottish patriot, is executed for high treason by Edward I of England.
1306-03-25 - Robert the Bruce crowned Robert I, King of Scots, having killed his rival John Comyn, Lord of Badenoch
1306-06-19 - The Earl of Pembroke's army defeats Bruce's Scottish army at the Battle of Methven.
1314-06-24 - Battle of Bannockburn; Scotland regains independence from England
1318-04-01 - Berwick-upon-Tweed is captured by the Scottish from the English.
1320-04-06 - The Scots reaffirm their independence by signing the Declaration of Arbroath.
1322-03-16 - The Battle of Boroughbridge takes place in the First War of Scottish Independence.
1322-10-14 - Robert the Bruce of Scotland defeats King Edward II of England at Byland, forcing Edward to accept Scotland's independence
1328-05-01 - Wars of Scottish Independence end: Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton - the Kingdom of England recognises the Kingdom of Scotland as an independent state.
1332-08-12 - Battle of Dupplin Moor; Scottish dynastic battle
1346-10-17 - Battle of Neville's Cross: King David II of Scotland is captured by Edward III of England at Calais, and imprisoned in the Tower of London for eleven years.
King of England Edward III 1356-01-20 - Edward Balliol abdicates as King of Scots.
1371-01-22 - King Robert II Stuart of Scotland crowned
1388-08-05 - Battle of Otterburn, a border skirmish between the Scottish and the English in Northern England.
1411-07-24 - Battle of Harlaw, one of the bloodiest battles in Scotland, takes place.
1472-02-20 - Orkney and Shetland are left by Norway to Scotland, due to a dowry payment.
1484-07-22 - Battle of Lochmaben Fair - a 500-man raiding party led by Alexander Stewart, Duke of Albany and James Douglas, 9th Earl of Douglas are defeated by Scots forces loyal to Albany's brother James III of Scotland; Douglas is captured.
1488-06-11 - Battle of Sauchieburn, Scotland
1492-03-04 - King James IV of Scotland concludes an alliance with France against England.
1495-06-01 - 1st written record of Scotch Whiskey appears in Exchequer Rolls of Scotland, Friar John Cor is the distiller
1495-11-27 - Scottish king James IV receives Perkin Warbeck, pretender to the English trone
1513-09-09 - Battle of Flodden Fields; English defeat James IV of Scotland
1520-06-06 - France & England sign treaty of Scotland
1522-01-30 - Duke of Albany takes captured French back to Scotland
1524-05-20 - Duke of Albany leaves Scotland
1524-07-26 - James V declared by Scottish Parliament fit to govern
1542-11-24 - Battle of Solway Moss: English beat Scottish King James V
Queen of Scotland Mary Stuart 1542-12-14 - Princess Mary Stuart succeeds her father James V and becomes Queen Mary I of Scotland at 6 days old
1543-07-01 - England & Scotland sign Peace treaty of Greenwich
1543-09-03 - Cardinal Beaton replaces earl Arran as regent for Mary of Scotland
1543-09-09 - Mary Stuart, at nine months old, is crowned "Queen of Scots" in the central Scottish town of Stirling.
1545-09-08 - English earl Hertford leads retaliatory mission against Scotland
1546-06-07 - England signs Peace of Andres with Scotland/Ireland
1547-09-10 - Battle at Pinkie, Midlothian: English beat the Scots
1547-09-10 - English demand Edward VI, 10, wed Mary Queen of Scots, 5
1548-08-15 - Mary queen of Scotland (6) arrives in France
1557-12-03 - 1st Covenant of Scottish protestants form
1559-05-10 - Scottish Protestants under John Knox uprise against queen-mother Mary
1560-07-06 - England/Scotland signs Treaty of Edinburgh
1561-08-19 - Mary Queen of Scots arrives in Leith Scotland to assume throne after spending 13 years in France
1566-03-09 - David Rizzio, the private secretary to Mary I of Scotland, is murdered in the Palace of Holyroodhouse, Edinburgh, Scotland.
1567-06-16 - Mary, Queen of Scots, imprisoned in Lochleven Castle prison Scotland
King of Great Britain James I Stuart 1567-07-24 - Mary Queen of Scots is forced to abdicate & 1-year-old James VI becomes King of Scots
1567-07-29 - James VI is crowned King of Scots at Stirling.
1568-05-13 - Mary Queen of Scots is defeated by English at battle of Langside
1568-05-16 - Mary Queen of Scotland flees to England
1568-05-19 - English queen Elizabeth I arrests Scottish queen Mary
1569-12-15 - Westmoreland flees to Scotland
1570-01-23 - Earl of Moray, regent of Scotland, assassinated; civil war breaks out
1571-09-04 - Catholic coup in Scotland
1581-01-28 - James VI signs 2nd Confession of Faith in Scotland
1582-08-22 - King James IV of Scotland captured
1586-10-14 - Mary Queen of Scots goes on trial for conspiracy against Elizabeth
1590-05-17 - Anne of Denmark is crowned Queen of Scotland.
1600-01-01 - Scotland begins its numbered year on January 1 instead of 25 March.
1603-03-24 - Scottish king James VI son of Mary Queen of Scots, becomes King James I of England in succession to Elizabeth I, thus joining the English and Scottish crowns.
1603-07-25 - James VI of Scotland is crowned the first king of Great Britain.
King Charles I 1625-03-27 - Charles I, King Of England, Scotland & Ireland, ascends English throne
1638-02-28 - Scottish Presbyterians sign National Convent, Greyfriars, Edinburgh
1640-08-28 - Second Bishop's War: King Charles I's English army loses to a Scottish Covenanter force at the Battle of Newburn
1640-08-29 - English King Charles I signed a peace treaty with Scotland
1641-08-20 - Britain & Scotland sign Treaty of Pacification
1646-05-05 - King Charles I surrenders at Scotland
1647-01-23 - Scottish Presbyterians sell captured Charles I to English parliament
1647-01-30 - Scots agree to sell King Charles I to English Parliament for £400
1648-08-17 - -20] Battle at Preston, Lancashire: Henry Ireton beats Scottish
1650-04-27 - The Battle of Carbisdale: Royalist army under Marquess of Montrose invades mainland Scotland from Orkney; defeated by a Covenanter army.
1650-09-03 - Battle at Dunbar: England vs Scotland
1651-01-01 - Charles II Stuart crowned king of Scotland
1654-04-12 - Ordinance of Union between England and Scotland passed by the Council of State
1659-12-16 - General Monck demands free parliamentary election in Scotland
1679-06-01 - The Scottish Covenanters defeat John Graham of Claverhouse at the Battle of Drumclog.
King Charles II 1679-06-22 - Battle at Bothwell Bridge on Clyde: Duke of Monmouth beats Scottish
1685-02-06 - Duke of York becomes King James II of England and VII of Scotland upon the death of his brother Charles II.
1689-03-14 - Scotland dismisses William III & Mary Stuart as king & queen
1689-08-21 - The Battle of Dunkeld in Scotland.
1692-02-13 - Glencoe Massacre : about 78 MacDonalds are killed early in the morning by rival Campbell clan members, allegedly for not promptly pledging allegiance to the new king, William of Orange.
1701-09-16 - James Francis Edward Stuart, sometimes called the "Old Pretender", becomes the Jacobite claimant to the thrones of England and Scotland.
1707-04-29 - English and Scottish parliaments accept Act of Union; form Great Britain
1707-05-01 - England, Wales & Scotland form UK of Great Britain
1708-03-11 - Queen Anne withholds Royal Assent from the Scottish Militia Bill, the last time a British monarch vetoes legislation.
1709-02-12 - Alexander Selkirk, Scottish seaman is rescued after 4+ years from Fernandez Island (inspiration for Daniel Defoe's "Robinson Crusoe")
1715-09-06 - Pro-James III-uprising in Scotland
1715-11-13 - Battle of Sheriffmuir during Jacobite rebellion. Battle inconclusive but Government forces halt advance of Jacobite army lead by Scottish Earl of Mar
Birthdays 1 - 100 of 551
0521-12-07 - Saint Columba, Irish Christian missionary to Scotland (d. 597)
1198-08-24 - King Alexander II of Scotland (d. 1249)
1210-07-22 - Joan of England, Queen consort of Scotland, wife of Alexander II of Scotland (d. 1238)
1240-09-29 - Margaret of England, Queen consort of Scotland, (d. 1275)
1241-09-04 - Alexander III of Scotland (d. 1286)
1261-02-28 - Margaret of Scotland, queen of Norway (d. 1283)
1274-07-11 - Robert Bruce, King of Scots (1306-29)
1316-03-02 - Robert II, the Steward, King of Scots (1371-90)
1321-07-05 - Joan of The Tower, Queen consort of Scotland (d. 1362)
1324-03-05 - David II Bruce, King of Scots (1331..71)
1378-10-24 - David Stewart, Duke of Rothesay, heir to the throne of Scotland (d. 1402)
King of Scotland James I (1394-12-10) 1394-12-10 - King James I of Scotland, Dunfermline Palace, Fife, (1406-1437), (d. 1437)
1430-10-16 - King James II of Scotland (d. 1460)
1452-07-10 - King James III of Scotland (d. 1488)
1456-06-23 - Margaret of Denmark, wife of James III of Scotland (d. 1486)
1473-03-17 - James IV, King of Scots (1488-1513)
1489-11-28 - Margaret Tudor, wife of James IV of Scotland (d. 1541)
1500-04-23 - Alexander Ales, Scottish theologian (d. 1565)
1512-04-10 - James V, King of Scots (1513-42)
1515-11-22 - Marie Guise, French wife of king James V of Scotland
1515-12-22 - Mary of Lorraine, France, pro-French Regent of Scotland
1520-08-10 - Madeleine de Valois, wife of James V of Scotland (d. 1537)
1542-12-08 - Mary Stuart, Linlithgow Palace, Linlithgow, Queen of Scotland (1560-1587), (d. 1587)
1545-08-01 - Andrew Melville, Scottish theologian and religious reformer (d. 1622)
1545-12-07 - Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, consort of Mary I of Scotland (d. 1567)
1562-01-13 - Mark Alexander Boyd, Scottish poet (d. 1601)
King of Great Britain James I Stuart (1566-06-19) 1566-06-19 - James I Stuart, king of Scotland (James VI)/England (1567/1603-25)
1580-01-12 - Lord Alexander Ruthven, Scottish nobleman (d. 1600)
1582-01-23 - John Barclay, Scottish satirist/Latin poet (Argenis)
1582-01-28 - John Barclay, Scottish satirist/poet (Euphormio's Satyricon)
1585-12-13 - William Drummond of Hawthornden, Scottish poet (d. 1649)
1606-06-19 - James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Hamilton, Scottish statesman (d. 1649)
1608-12-06 - George Monck/Monk, English general/gov of Scotland
1633-10-14 - James Stuart, King James VII of Scotland / James II of England (d. 1688)
1641-04-15 - Robert Sibbald, Scottish physician (d. 1722)
1644-06-16 - Henrietta Anne Stuart, Princess of Scotland, England and Ireland and Duchess of Orléans (d. 1670)
1645-03-23 - William Kidd, Pirate Legend From Scotland (d. 1701)
1649-02-11 - William Carstares, Scottish minister (d. 1715)
1652-12-25 - Archibald Pitcairne, Scottish physician (d. 1713)
1658-07-25 - Archibald Campbell, 1st Duke of Argyll, Scottish privy councillor (d. 1703)
1659-06-03 - David Gregory, Scottish astronomer (d. 1708)
Pirate Legend William Kidd (1645-03-23) 1662-08-05 - James Anderson, Scottish historian (d. 1728)
1662-12-18 - James Douglas, 2nd Duke of Queensberry, Scottish politician (d. 1711)
1665-12-25 - Lady Grizel Baillie, Scottish songwriter (d. 1746)
1667-04-29 - John Arbuthnot, Scottish writer (Alexander Pope)
1671-03-07 - Robert Roy MacGregor, Scottish folk hero (d. 1734)
1671-04-21 - John Law, Scottish economist (d. 1729)
1673-08-08 - John Ker, Scottish spy (d. 1726)
1674-12-25 - Thomas Halyburton, Scottish theologian (d. 1712)
1676-03-17 - Thomas Boston, Scottish church leader (d. 1732)
1680-06-22 - Ebenezer Erskine, Scottish religious dissenter (d. 1754)
1685-03-18 - Ralph Ersine, Scottish minister (d. 1752)
1686-01-17 - Archibald Bower, Scottish historian (d. 1766)
1686-10-15 - Allan Ramsay, Scottish poet (d. 1758)
1687-10-14 - Robert Simson, Scotland, mathematician
1692-05-01 - -31? James Stirling, Scottish mathematician (d. 1770) born during this month
1695-10-05 - John Glas, Scottish minister (d. 1773)
1696-06-11 - Francis Edward James Keith, Scottish soldier and Prussian field marshal (d. 1758)
1699-04-17 - Robert Blair, Scottish poet (Grave)
1701-08-04 - Thomas Blackwell, Scottish classical scholar (d. 1757)
1705-03-02 - William Murray, 1st Earl of Mansfield, Scottish judge and politician (d. 1793)
1710-04-15 - William Cullen, Scottish physician (d. 1790)
1710-04-26 - Thomas Reid, Scottish philosopher (d. 1796)
1710-06-10 - James Short, Scottish mathematician (d. 1768)
1713-10-13 - Allan Ramsay, Scottish painter (d. 1784)
1714-04-14 - Adam Gib, Scottish religious leader (d. 1788)
1718-04-07 - Hugh Blair, Scottish preacher and man of letters (d. 1800)
1721-03-19 - Tobias Smollett, Scottish writer, baptized
1721-07-14 - John Douglas, Scottish Anglican bishop and man of letters (d. 1807)
1722-01-26 - Alexander Carlyle, Cummertrees, Dumfriesshire, Scottish church leader (Moderator of the General Assembly 1770)
1722-09-22 - John Home, Scottish writer (d. 1808)
1723-06-20 - Adam Ferguson, Scottish sociologist/historian
1725-03-17 - Lachlan McIntosh, Scottish-born American military and political leader (d. 1806)
1726-06-03 - James Hutton, Edinburgh Scotland, geologist
1728-02-13 - John Hunter, Scottish surgeon (d. 1793)
1728-04-16 - Joseph Zwart, Scottish chemist/physicist
1735-09-07 - Thomas Coutts, Scottish banker
1735-10-25 - James Beattie, Scotland, poet/philosopher (Essay on Truth)
1736-01-19 - James Watt, Scotland, inventor (steam engine)
1740-10-29 - James Boswell, Scotland, Samuel Johnson's biographer
1744-03-13 - David Allan, Scottish painter
1744-06-04 - Patrick Ferguson, Scots army officer and rifle designer (d. 1780)
1744-10-06 - James McGill, Scottish-Canadian businessman and philanthropist (d. 1813)
1746-03-27 - Michael Bruce, Scottish poet (d. 1767)
1748-03-10 - John Playfair, Scotland, clergyman/geologist/mathematician
1749-11-03 - Daniel Rutherford, Scottish chemist and physician (d. 1819)
1750-09-05 - Robert Fergusson, Scottish poet (Scots poems)
1753-12-22 - Dugald Stewart, Edinburgh Scot, philosopher (Scottish common sense)
1754-08-21 - William Murdoch, Scottish inventor (d. 1839)
1756-03-04 - Sir Henry Raeburn, Scottish painter (d. 1823)
1757-08-09 - Thomas Telford, Scottish civil engineer (d. 1834)
1758-02-17 - John Pinkerton, Scottish historian
Poet Robert Burns (1759-01-25) 1759-01-25 - Robert Burns, Alloway Scotland, poet (Auld Lang Syne), (d. 1796)
1761-01-17 - James Hall, Scotland, geologist
1761-06-07 - John Rennie, Scottish engineer (d. 1821)
1764-02-28 - Robert Haldane, Scottish theologist/philanthropist
1766-07-06 - Alexander Wilson, Scottish-born naturalist (d. 1813)
1768-05-03 - Charles Tennant, Scottish chemist and industrialist (d. 1838)
1768-09-23 - William Wallace, Scottish mathematician (Rights of Wallace)
1771-06-20 - Thomas Douglas, 5th Earl of Selkirk, Scottish philanthropist (d. 1820)
Weddings 1 - 20 of 20
1100-11-11 - Anglo Norman King Henry I marries Princess Matilda of Scotland at Westminster Abbey
1502-08-08 - Jacobus IV of Scotland marries Margaretha Tudor
1558-04-24 - Queen Mary Stuart of Scotland marries French crown prince Francois
1565-07-29 - Mary Queen of Scots marries her cousin, Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley
1567-05-15 - Mary, Queen of Scots marries James Hepburn, Earl of Bothwell
1811-08-28 - English Romantic poet Percy Bysshe Shelley (19) elopes to Scotland with 1st wife Harriet Westbrook (16)
1848-04-10 - British influential art critic and social commentator John Ruskin marries Effie Gray in Perth, Scotland (later annulled).
1949-08-12 - Multi-Tony award-winning actress Angela Lansbury (23) weds actor and producer Peter Shaw (31) at St. Columba's Presbyterian Church of Scotland in London, England
1970-10-02 - Scottish singer Donovan (24) weds Linda Lawrence at Windsor Registry Office
1997-12-31 - Academy Award-winning actress Helen Mirren (52) weds The Devil's Advocate director Taylor Hackford (53) at the Ardersier Parish Church near Inverness in the Scottish Highlands
2000-12-22 - Pop singer Madonna (42) weds film director Guy Ritchie (32) at Skibo Castle in Scotland
Pop Star Madonna (2000-12-22) 2001-12-12 - Actress Ashley Judd (33) weds race car driver Dario Franchetti (28) at Skibo Castle in Scotland
2001-12-26 - "Harry Potter" author J. K. Rowling (36) weds anesthesiologist Neil Murray (30) in Aberfeldy, Scotland
2003-01-01 - "A Beautiful Mind" actress Jennifer Connelly (32) weds actor Paul Bettany in Scotland
2003-06-29 - Actress Emma Thompson (44) weds actor Greg Wise (37) in Loch Eck, Scotland
2003-08-30 - Daughter of Paul McCartney and fashion designer Stella McCartney (31) weds British publisher Alasdhair Willis on the 300-acre Gothic Estate in Scotland's Isle of Bute
2006-08-26 - 2004 X-Factor winner Steve Brookstein (37) weds jazz musician Eileen Hunter at King's College Chapel in Aberdeen, Scotland
2010-09-25 - PayPal founder Elon Musk (39) weds actress Talulah Riley (24) at Dornoch Cathedral in Scotland
2011-07-30 - Granddaughter of Queen Elizabeth II and British equestrian Zara Phillips (30) weds England rugby player Mike Tindall (32) at the Canongate Kirk in Edinburgh, Scotland
2011-12-30 - Scottish actor David Tennant (40) weds actress Georgia Moffett (27) in London, United Kingdom
Deaths 1 - 100 of 287
0858-02-13 - Kenneth I of Scotland
1040-08-15 - King Duncan I of Scotland
1057-08-15 - Macbeth, King of Scots, slain by son of King Duncan
1058-03-17 - King Lulach I of Scotland
1093-11-13 - Malcolm III (Canmore, "Big Head") King of Scots , dies in battle at Alnwick, Northumberland. Historical figure Shakespeare's character based on.
1093-11-17 - Margaret, widow of Scottish king Malcolm III, dies
1094-11-12 - King Duncan II of Scotland (b. 1060)
1107-01-08 - Edgar of Scotland (b. 1074)
1118-05-01 - Edith of Scotland, first wife of Henry I of England (b. c. 1080)
1124-04-27 - Alexander I, King of Scots (1107-24), dies
1153-05-24 - David I, King of Scots (1124-53), dies at about 68
1165-12-09 - Malcom IV, King of Scots (1153-65), dies at 24
1214-12-04 - William I of Scotland
1238-03-04 - Joan of England, Queen Consort of Scotland, wife of Alexander II (b. 1210)
1249-07-08 - Alexander II, King of Scots (1215-49), dies at 51
1286-03-19 - King Alexander III of Scotland (b. 1241)
Scottish nobleman William Wallace (1305-08-23) 1305-08-23 - William Wallace, Scottish patriot, hanged, disemboweled & beheaded at Smithfield London
1308-11-08 - Duns Scotus, Scottish philosopher (coined the word dunce), dies at 42
1316-03-02 - Marjorie Bruce, daughter of Robert I of Scotland (b. 1296)
1327-10-27 - Elizabeth de Burgh, queen of Robert I of Scotland (b. 1289)
1329-06-07 - Robert Bruce, King of Scots (1306-29), dies at 53
1330-08-25 - Sir James Douglas, Scottish soldier (b. 1286)
1371-02-22 - David II Bruce, King of Scots (1331..71), dies at 46
1390-04-19 - Robert II, King of Scots, dies
1390-05-13 - Robert II the Steward, King of Scots (1371-90), dies
1395-03-13 - John Barbour, Scottish poet
1406-04-04 - Robert III, King of Scots (1390-1406), dies
1420-09-03 - Robert Stewart, 1st Duke of Albany, regent of Scotland
1425-05-24 - Murdoch Stewart, 2nd Duke of Albany, Scottish politician (b. 1362)
1437-02-21 - King James I of Scotland dies at 42
1445-08-16 - Margaret of Scotland (Dauphine of France), wife of the future King Louis XI (b. 1424)
King of Scotland James I (1437-02-21) 1460-08-03 - King James II of Scotland (b. 1430)
1485-08-07 - Alexander Stewart, 1st Duke of Albany, Scottish prince
1488-06-11 - James III, King of Scots, dies in battle
1493-05-10 - Colin Campbell, 1st Earl of Argyll, Scottish politician
1511-08-02 - Andrew Barton, Scottish naval leader
1513-09-09 - James IV, King of Scots (1488-1513), dies in battle at 40
1528-02-29 - Patrick Hamilton, Scottish protestant martyr, burned at stake
1537-07-07 - Madeleine de Valois, queen of James V of Scotland (b. 1520)
1541-10-18 - Margaret Tudor, Queen of Scotland (b. 1489)
1541-11-24 - Margaret Tudor, wife of James IV of Scotland (b. 1489)
1542-12-14 - James V, King of Scots (1513-42), dies at 30
1546-03-01 - George Wishart, Scottish religious reformer (martyred) (b 1513)
1556-11-10 - Richard Chancellor, English explorer, dies in shipwreck off Scotland
1560-06-10 - Mary de Guise, queen-mother of Scotland
1560-06-11 - Marie Guise, French wife of King James V of Scotland and mother and regent of Mary Queen of Scots, dies at 44
1565-03-17 - Alexander Alesius, [Aless/Alane], Scottish theologist/physician, dies at 64
1566-03-09 - David Rizzio, Italian secretary of Mary Queen of Scots, murdered by Protestant nobles
1567-02-09 - Henry Stuart, earl of Darnley/Consort of Mary Queen of Scots, murdered
1571-04-06 - John Hamilton, Scottish prelate and politician
1571-09-04 - Earl of Lennox, regent of Scotland, murdered
1572-11-24 - John Knox, Scottish preacher, dies at about 67
1578-04-14 - James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell, consort of Mary I of Scotland
1581-06-02 - James Douglas, 4th Earl of Morton, regent of Scotland
1582-09-28 - George Buchanan, Scottish historian (b. 1506)
1585-12-04 - John Willock, Scottish reformer
1586-03-20 - Richard Maitland, Scottish statesman and historian (b. 1496)
Queen of Scotland Mary Stuart (1587-02-18) 1587-02-18 - Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots (1560-87), beheaded at 44 [OS=Feb 8]
1599-02-08 - Robert Rollock, Scottish educator
1600-12-12 - John Craig, Scottish church reformer/James VI's court vicar, dies
1601-04-10 - Mark Alexander Boyd, Scottish poet (b. 1562)
1609-12-04 - Alexander Hume, Scottish poet
1613-04-27 - Robert Abercromby, Scottish Jesuit (b. 1532)
1617-04-04 - John Napier, Scottish mathematician/inventor (logarithms), dies
1618-03-23 - James Hamilton, 1st Earl of Abercorn, Scottish politician
1621-08-15 - John Barclay, Scottish writer (b. 1582)
1622-06-16 - Alexander Seton, 1st Earl of Dunfermline, Chancellor of Scotland (b. 1555)
1624-02-12 - George Heriot, Scottish goldsmith and philanthropist (b. 1563)
1625-03-27 - James I Stuart, king of Scotland (1567)/England (1603-25), dies at 58
1625-09-06 - Thomas Dempster, Scottish historian (b. 1579)
1636-06-13 - George Gordon, 1st Marquess of Huntly, Scottish politician (b. 1562)
1639-11-26 - John Spottiswoode, Scottish historian (b. 1565)
King of Great Britain James I Stuart (1625-03-27) 1645-07-17 - Robert Carr, 1st Earl of Somerset, Scottish politician
1646-08-19 - Alexander Henderson, Scottish theologian
1649-03-09 - James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Hamilton, Scottish statesman (b. 1606)
1649-12-04 - William Drummond of Hawthornden, Scottish poet (b. 1585)
1650-05-21 - James Graham, Marquis of Montrose, Scottish general, hanged
1650-10-29 - David Calderwood, Scottish historian (b. 1575)
1661-04-04 - Alexander Leslie, 1st Earl of Leven, Scottish soldier (b. circa 1580)
1661-05-27 - Archibald Campbell, Scottish politician, beheaded at about 53
1670-06-30 - Henrietta Anne Stuart, Princess of England, Scotland, and Ireland (b. 1644)
1685-02-06 - Charles II, King of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1660-85), dies at 54
1685-06-30 - Archibald Campbell, Scottish politician, beheaded at about 55
1688-02-17 - Rev James Renwick, hanged in Scotland for being a Presbyterian
1689-08-21 - William Cleland, Scottish poet and soldier
1690-10-03 - Robert Barclay, Scottish writer (b. 1648)
1695-11-29 - James Dalrymple, 1st Viscount Stair, Scottish lawyer and statesman (b. 1619)
King Charles II (1685-02-06) 1696-08-02 - Robert Campbell of Glenlyon, Scottish military commander (b. 1630)
1697-03-26 - Godfrey McCulloch, Scottish politician and murderer (executed) (b. 1640)
1699-11-29 - Patrick Gordon, Scottish general (b. 1635)
1701-05-23 - William Kidd, Scottish pirate, hanged at London's Execution Dock
1701-09-16 - James II of England and VII of Scotland (b. 1633)
1707-01-08 - John Dalrymple, 1st Earl of Stair, Scottish politician (b. 1648)
1708-10-10 - David Gregory, Scottish astronomer (b. 1659)
1712-11-15 - James Douglas, 4th Duke of Hamilton, Scottish nationalist (b. 1658)
1713-10-20 - Archibald Pitcairne, Scottish physician (b. 1652)
1715-03-17 - Gilbert Burnet, Scottish Bishop of Salisbury (b. 1643)
1715-12-28 - William Carstares, Scottish minister (b. 1649)
1717-03-19 - John Campbell, 1st Earl of Breadalbane and Holland, Scottish royalist
1721-12-13 - Alexander Selkirk, Scottish sailor and castaway (b. 1676)