Today in Chicago History

Illinois: Springfield, IL

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 278

1674-12-04 - Father Marquette builds first dwelling in what is now Chicago
1772-06-06 - Haitian explorer Jean Baptiste-Pointe Dusable settles Chicago
1773-03-12 - Jeanne Baptiste Pointe de Sable found settlement now known as Chicago
1830-08-04 - Plans for city of Chicago laid out
1833-08-10 - Chicago incorporates as a village of about 200
1833-08-12 - Chicago is founded.
1835-08-18 - Last Pottawatomie Indians leave Chicago
1837-03-04 - Chicago becomes incorporated as a city.
1847-06-10 - Chicago Tribune begins publishing
1848-06-10 - 1st telegraph link between NYC & Chicago
1851-01-28 - Northwestern University (Chicago) chartered
US President Abraham LincolnUS President Abraham Lincoln 1860-05-16 - -18] Chicago: Republican convention selects Abraham Lincoln as candidate
1865-04-20 - Chicago's Crosby Opera House opens
1866-11-30 - Work begins on 1st US underwater highway tunnel, Chicago
1866-12-06 - Chicago water supply tunnel 3,227 m into Lake Michigan completed
1868-05-20 - Republican National Convention, meets in Chicago, nominates Grant
1869-06-08 - Ives W McGaffey of Chicago patents 1st vacuum cleaner
1871-10-07 - 16-hour fire injures 30 of Chicago's 185 firefighters
1871-10-08 - Great Fire kills 200, destroys over 4 square miles (10 square km) of Chicago buildings, & original Emancipation Proclamation
1871-10-11 - Great Chicago Fire is finally extinguished after 3 days, 300 killed
1871-10-30 - Phila Athletics beat Chicago for 1st Natl Association baseball pennant
1873-01-11 - 1st livestock market newspaper published, Drover's Journal, Chicago
1875-05-12 - 1st recorded shutout in pro baseball, Chicago 1, St Louis 0
1876-02-02 - Baseball's National League forms with teams in Boston, Chicago, Cincinnati, Hartford, Louisville, New York, Philadelphia, St Louis
1879-08-12 - 1st National Archery Association tournament (Chicago)
1881-09-18 - Chicago Tribune reports on a televideo experiment
1882-05-20 - Henrik Ibsen's "Ghosts" (Gengangere) premieres in Chicago
1882-10-06 - 1st World Series game, Cincinnati (AA) beats Chicago (NL) 4-0
1883-03-24 - 1st telephone call between NY & Chicago
1883-06-02 - Chicago's "El" opens to traffic
1884-05-01 - Construction begins on Chicago 1st skyscraper (10 stories)
1886-05-04 - Haymarket riot in Chicago; bomb kills 7 policemen
1886-10-23 - St Louis Browns win World Championship by beating Chicago 4-3 in 10
1887-11-30 - 1st indoor softball game (Chicago)
23rd US President Benjamin Harrison23rd US President Benjamin Harrison 1888-06-25 - Republican Convention in Chicago nominates Benjamin Harrison
1888-10-20 - Chicago & All America baseball teams play exhibition in Auckland, NZ
1889-01-23 - Daniel Williams forms Provident Hospital in Chicago
1889-04-01 - 1st dishwashing machine marketed (Chicago)
1889-05-01 - 2nd International Congress calls for 1st International Workers Day 1st May 1890 to mark protests in Chicago in 1886
1889-11-17 - Union Pacific begins daily through service, Chicago-Portland & SF
1889-12-09 - President Harrison visits opening of Chicago Auditorium
Heart surgeon Daniel WilliamsHeart surgeon Daniel Williams 1890-01-25 - National Afro-American League forms in Chicago
1890-06-09 - Opera "Robin Hood" premieres in Chicago
1891-04-01 - The Wrigley Company is founded in Chicago, Illinois.
1892-06-06 - Chicago South Side Elevated Railroad opens (1st 3.6 miles)
1892-10-01 - University of Chicago opens
1892-10-18 - 1st commercial long-distance phone line opens (Chicago-NY)
1893-01-01 - 1st US college extension courses for credit, Univ of Chicago
1893-01-02 - World's Columbian Exposition opens in Chicago [or 0501]
1893-05-01 - World Columbian Exposition opens in Chicago
1893-05-31 - Whitcomb Judson, Chicago, patents a hookless fastening (zipper)
1893-06-21 - 1st Ferris wheel premieres (Chicago's Columbian Exposition)
1893-07-24 - For only time in history of US Tennis championships, an event is held off the Eastern seaboard. Men's double championship in Chicago
1893-09-11 - Shaku Soen is 1st Zen teacher to visit the West (Chicago)
1894-01-08 - Columbus World's fair in Chicago destroyed by fire
1894-01-27 - 1st college basketball game, University of Chicago beats Chicago YMCA 19-11
1894-07-06 - Cleveland sends 2,000 troops to Chicago to suppress Pullman strike
1894-07-20 - 2000 fed troops recalled from Chicago, having ended Pullman strike
1894-12-25 - 1st midwestern football team to play on west coast, University of Chicago defeats Stanford 24-4 at Palo Alto, CA in football
1895-02-04 - 1st rolling lift bridge opens, Chicago
1896-11-26 - A A Stagg of U Chicago creates American football huddle
1897-06-29 - Chicago beats Louisville 36-7 (baseball)
1897-10-21 - Yerkes Observatory of University of Chicago is dedicated
1898-06-07 - Social Democracy of America party holds 1st national convention, Chicago
1899-02-20 - Ill Tel & Tel granted franchise for Chicago freight tunnel system
1900-01-29 - American League organized in Buffalo, Chicago, Cleveland, Detroit, Indianapolis, Kansas City, Milwaukee & Minneapolis
1900-03-16 - AL meets in Chicago, Ban Johnson announces that an AL team will be in
1900-03-16 - Chicago, KC, Minn, Milwaukee, Indianapolis, Detroit, Cleve & Buffalo
1902-01-08 - 1st National Bowling Championship held (Chicago, Ill)
1902-03-04 - American Automobile Association (AAA) founded in Chicago
1903-12-30 - Electric arc lamp sets fire to Iroquois theater in Chicago leaving 602 dead in one of the deadliest blazes in American history
1904-01-28 - 1st college sports letters given to Seniors who played on University of Chicago's football team are awarded blankets with letter "C" on them
1904-01-29 - 1st athletic letters given (Univ of Chicago football team)
1905-01-17 - Punchboards patented by Charles Brewer & C G Scannell, Chicago
1905-02-23 - Rotary Club International formed by 4 men in Chicago
1905-05-05 - Robert S Abbott published 1st issue of newspaper "Chicago Defender"
1905-06-11 - Penns Railroad debuts fastest train in world (NY-Chicago in 18 hrs)
1906-08-15 - 1st freight delivery tunnel system begins, underneath Chicago
1908-05-21 - 1st horror movie (Dr Jekyll & Mr Hyde) premieres in Chicago
1908-06-16 - The Republican Party convenes in Chicago where President Roosevelt picks William H. Taft as his successor
1910-04-20 - Cleve Indians Addie Joss 2nd no-hitter, beats Chicago, 1-0
1913-09-09 - Association for Study of Negro Life & History organizes in Chicago
1913-12-29 - 1st movie serial, "Adventures of Kathlyn," premieres in Chicago
MLB Pitcher Walter JohnsonMLB Pitcher Walter Johnson 1914-12-04 - Walter Johnson accepts money from Federal League Chicago Whales Clark Griffith threatens to take Johnson to court
1915-05-25 - Chicago Claude Hendrix no-hits Pitts (Federal League), 10-0
1915-09-07 - St Louis Dave Davenport no-hits Chicago (Federal League), 3-0
1919-06-03 - Liberty Life Insurance Co (Chicago) organized by blacks
1919-07-21 - Dirigible crashes through bank skylight killing 13 (Chicago, Ill)
1919-07-27 - Chicago race riot (15 whites & 23 blacks killed, 500 injured)
1919-08-18 - Anti-Cigarette League of America forms in Chicago Illinois
1919-08-23 - "Gasoline Alley" cartoon strip premieres in Chicago Tribune
1919-08-31 - John Reed forms American Communist Labor Party in Chicago
1919-09-02 - Communist Party of America organizes in Chicago
1919-12-10 - NY, Boston, & Chicago, oppose AL resolution accusing Ban Johnson of overstepping his duties
1920-02-14 - League of Women Voters forms in Chicago
1920-06-12 - Farmer Labor Party organized (Chicago)
1920-10-10 - Phoenix Cardinals (then in Chicago) play 1st NFL game, a 0-0 tie
1922-05-01 - Charlie Robertson of Chicago pitches a perfect no-hit, no-run game
1924-03-28 - WGN-AM in Chicago IL begins radio transmissions
1924-04-11 - WLS-AM in Chicago IL begins radio transmissions

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 404

1637-06-10 - Jacques Marquette, jesuit/missionary founder (Chicago)
1801-06-15 - Benjamin Raymond, Mayor of Chicago (d. 1883)
1803-04-07 - James Curtiss, Mayor of Chicago (d. 1859)
1805-01-13 - Thomas Dyer, Mayor of Chicago (d. 1862)
1805-06-15 - William Butler Ogden, first Mayor of Chicago (d. 1877)
1819-08-25 - Allan Pinkerton, founded Chicago detective agency
1823-04-06 - Joseph Medill, St John NB Canada, newspaper editor (Chicago Tribune)
1855-05-08 - John Gates ("Bet-a-million" Gates), West Chicago, Illinois, USA, American inventor and industrialist who established the market for barbed wire fencing
1860-12-23 - Harriet Monroe, Chicago, poet/editor of Poetry magazine (You & I)
1863-01-01 - Aleko Konstantinov, Bulgarian writer (To Chicago & Back)
1866-03-03 - Fred A. Busse, Mayor of Chicago (d. 1914)
1873-04-27 - Harry M O'Connor, Chicago IL, actor (Stranger than Fiction)
1873-05-09 - Anton Cermak, Mayor of Chicago (d. 1933)
1876-02-28 - John Alden Carpenter, Chicago Illinois, composer (Sea Drift)
1880-07-30 - Robert Rutherford McCormick, US, editor/publisher (Chicago Tribune)
1881-11-15 - Franklin P Adams, Chicago Ill, columnist (Information Please)
1883-06-20 - Leah Baird, Chicago IL, actress (Lady Gangster)
1883-12-19 - [Francis] Barry Byrne, Chicago Ill, architect
1884-03-10 - Stuart Holmes, Chicago IL, actor (Prisoner of Zenda)
1884-08-27 - Harry Antrim, Chicago IL, actor (Miracle on 34th St, Devil's Doorway)
1888-06-23 - Lee Moran, Chicago IL, actor (Circus Clown)
1888-12-19 - Fritz Reiner, Budapest Hungary, US conductor (Chicago Symphony Orch)
1889-04-28 - Bryant Washburn, Chicago, actor (Exposure, Millionaire Kid, Nabonga)
1890-10-24 - Chicago Mainbocher, uniform designer (Red Cross, Girl Scouts, Waves)
1891-03-05 - Harold Ogden "Chic" Johnson, Chicago Ill, comedian (Olsen & Johnson)
1891-08-28 - Stanley Andrews, Chicago IL, actor (Shine on Harvest Moon)
1892-05-03 - Beulah Bondi, Chicago, actress (It's a Wonderful Life)
1895-03-24 - Sid Saylor, Chicago Ill, actor (Wally-Waterfront)
1895-09-16 - Charles W Bidwill Sr, Chicago, NFL hall of famer (Chicago Cardinals)
1896-06-18 - Blanche Sweet, Chicago, actress (Home Sweet Home, Avenging Conscience)
1898-01-14 - Helen Flint, Chicago, actress (Sea Devils, Married Before Breakfast)
1898-03-06 - Jimmy Conzelman, NFL QB/coach/team owner (Chicago)
1898-06-10 - Virginia Valli, [McSweeney], Chicago IL, actress (Pleasure Garden)
1898-10-07 - Alfred Wallenstein, Chicago Illinois, conductor (Chic Symph 1922-29)
1898-11-29 - Rod La Rocque, Chicago IL, actor (Our Modern Maidens)
Gangster Al CaponeGangster Al Capone (1899-01-17) 1899-01-17 - Al Capone, Brooklyn New York, American gangster (Chicago bootlegging)
1899-03-27 - Gloria Swanson, Chicago Illinois, American actress (Sunset Boulevard, Queen Kelly)
1899-05-20 - John M Harlan, Chicago, 91st Supreme Court justice (1955-71)
1900-08-08 - Victor Young, Chicago Illinois, orchestra leader (Milton Berle Show, In Old California)
1901-07-01 - Irna Phillips, Chicago, created 6 soap operas (Guiding Light)
1901-08-30 - John Gunther, Chicago Ill, author/host (John Gunther's High Road)
1901-09-28 - William Samuel Paley, Chicago Ill, pres/CEO of CBS (1928-90)
Animator Walt DisneyAnimator Walt Disney (1901-12-05) 1901-12-05 - Walter Elias disney, Chicago, animator (Mickey Mouse), (d. 1966)
1902-11-22 - Emanuel Feuermann, Kolomea Galicia, cellist (Chicago Symph Orch)
1903-02-16 - Edgar Bergen, Chicago, ventriloquist (Charlie McCarthy)
1903-04-19 - Eliot Ness, untouchable (FBI agent-Chicago)
1903-06-11 - Ernie Nevers, NFL fullback (Duluth Eskimos, Chicago Cardinals)
1903-07-16 - Mary Philbin, Chicago IL, actress (Phantom of the Opera)
1904-04-11 - Paul McGrath, Chicago IL, actor (Witness, No Time for Love)
1904-05-21 - Robert Montgomery, Beacon NY, actor/dir (Earl of Chicago, Yellow Jack)
1904-06-17 - Ralph Bellamy, Chicago, actor (Air Mail, Dive Bomber, Trading Places)
1904-11-13 - Gertrude Olmsted, Chicago IL, actress (The Monster)
1904-11-25 - Jessie Royce Landis, [Medbury], Chicago, actress (North by Northwest)
1905-10-09 - Howard St John, Chicago IL, actor (Born Yesterday, Li'l Abner)
1905-10-16 - Rex Bell, Chicago, cowboy actor (Cowboys & Injuns)/lt-gov (Nevada)
1906-07-13 - Harry Sosnik, Chicago, orchestra leader (Jack Carter Show, Your Hit Parade)
1906-11-06 - James D. Norris, sportsman and businessman (Chicago Black Hawks) (d. 1966)
1907-01-26 - Eddie Ballantine, Chicago, orchestra leader (Don McNeill TV Club)
1907-02-22 - Robert Young, Chicago Illinois, actor (Father Knows Best, Marcus Welby MD)
1907-03-04 - Eleanor "Sis" Daley, wife of Chicago mayor Richard J. Daley (d. 2003)
1907-03-24 - Janet Harmon Bragg, US pilot/columnist (Chicago Defender)
1907-09-08 - Gavin Muir, Chicago Illinois, actor (Hollister-Betty Hutton Show)
1908-04-05 - George Schick, Prague Czech, conductor (Chicago Symphony)
1908-04-28 - Michael T Fitzmaurice, Chicago IL, actor (Reported Missing, 14 Hours)
1908-11-24 - Ray Carter, Chicago Ill, orchestra leader (Arthur Murray Dance Party)
1909-01-30 - Saul David Alinsky, Chicago Illinois, radical writer (John L Lewis)
1909-05-30 - Benny Goodman, Chicago, clarinetist/bandleader (King of Swing)
1909-09-06 - John Ridgely, Chicago IL, actor (Northern Pursuit, Air Force)
1909-11-11 - Robert Ryan, Chicago, actor (Billy Budd, Dirty Dozen, Longest Day)
1910-02-27 - Peter De Vries, Chicago, author (Reuben Reuben, Prick of Noon)
1910-02-28 - Vincente Minnelli, Chicago IL, director (American in Paris, Gigi)
1910-06-18 - E G Marshall, Owatonna Minn, actor (Playhouse 90, Chicago Hope)
1911-02-08 - Anne Aitken, [nee Hopkins], Chicago, co-found (Diamond Sangha)
1911-04-24 - Jack E Leonard, Chicago Ill, comedian (Disorderly Orderly)
1911-10-01 - Irwin Kostal, Chicago Ill, orchestra leader (Garry Moore Show)
1911-10-07 - Joe Jones, Chicago IL, drummer
1911-12-26 - Steve Kordek, Chicago, Illinois, pinball machine designer, (d. 2012)
1912-03-22 - Karl Malden, Chicago, actor (Mike-Streets of SF, American Express)
1912-04-13 - Roy Winsor, Chicago, producer (Search for Tomorrow, Love of Life)
1912-06-27 - Audrey Christie, Chicago Illinois, actress (Dorothy-Fair Exchange)
1912-07-04 - Virginia Graham, Chicago Ill, TV personality (Girl Talk, Where Was I)
1912-07-31 - Irv Kupcinet, Chicago Ill, TV host (Tonight! America After Dark)
1912-10-26 - Don[ald] Siegel, Chicago IL, director (Escape from Alcatraz, Shootist)
1912-12-14 - Morey Amsterdam, Chicago Ill, comedian (Buddy-Dick Van Dyke Show)
1913-03-30 - Frankie Laine, Chicago Ill, actor (Frankie Laine Show, Rawhide)
1913-09-28 - Vivian Fine, Chicago Ill, composer (Women in the Garden)
1914-09-14 - Clayton Moore, Chicago Illinois, American actor (d. 1999)
1914-12-14 - Rosalyn Tureck, Chicago Illinois, pianist (Bach & Rock)
1915-02-22 - Dan Seymour, Chicago Ill, actor (We the People, Sing It Again)
1915-08-19 - Ring Lardner Jr, Chicago, Illinois, American journalist and screenwriter (Woman of the Year, M A S H)
1916-01-17 - Joel Herron, Chicago Ill, orchestra leader (Jaye P Morgan Show)
1916-03-31 - John Vivyan, Chicago Illinois, actor (Imitation of Life, Mr Lucky)
1917-01-16 - Buddy Lester, Chicago Ill, actor (Nick-Phil Silvers Show)
1917-03-13 - Ina Ray Hutton, Chicago Ill, orchestra leader (Ina Ray Hutton Show)
1917-10-02 - William Marshall, Chicago IL, band leader (Pennsylvanians)
1917-10-13 - Burr Tillstrom, Chicago Illinois, puppeteer (Kukla, Fran & Ollie)
1917-10-17 - Marsha Hunt, Chicago Ill, actress (Jennifer-Peck's Bad Girl, Jigsaw)
1917-10-24 - Marshall Goldberg, NFL halfback (Chicago Cardinals)
1918-08-15 - Florian Zabach, Chicago, American musician and TV personality (Hot Canary, Club Embassy)
1918-09-13 - Ray Charles, Chicago, orchestra leader (Perry Como)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 9 of 9

Baseball Player and Manager Leo DurocherBaseball Player and Manager Leo Durocher (1969-06-19) 1969-06-19 - Baseball manager Leo Durocher (63) weds socialite Lynne Walker Goldblatt (40) at the Ambassador West Hotel in Chicago
1979-06-05 - Blues musician Muddy Waters (64) weds Marva Jean Brooks (25) in Chicago
1985-07-19 - NBA player Isiah Thomas (24) weds Lynn Kendall in Chicago
1996-05-25 - Actress Kelley Menighan (29) weds actor-singer Jon Hensley (31) in Chicago, Illinois
1997-10-11 - "Charlie's Angels" actress Jaclyn Smith (52) weds Chicago heart surgeon Bradley Allen (43) at United Westwood Methodist Church
2009-05-15 - Former Bachelorette star Jen Schefft (32) weds Chicago's public relations executive Joe Waterman (35) at the Private Dining Rooms of Spiaggia in Chicago, Illinois
NBA Point Guard and Head Coach Isiah ThomasNBA Point Guard and Head Coach Isiah Thomas (1985-07-19) 2010-12-31 - NASCAR driver and team owner Kyle Busch (25) weds model Samantha Sarcinella at Holy Name Cathedral in Chicago
2011-08-13 - "The View" co-host Sherri Shepherd (44) weds TV writer Lamar Sally at the Fairmont Hotel in Chicago, Illinois
2012-09-29 - "Fall Out Boy" lead singer Patrick Stump (28) weds longtime girlfriend Elisa Yao in Chicago

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 38 of 38

1675-05-18 - Jacques Marquette jesuit/missionaries (Chicago), dies at 37
1818-08-28 - Jean Baptiste Pointe du Sable, trader, founder of Chicago, dies
1861-05-24 - Elmer Ellsworth, US warrior (Chicago Zouaves), shot to death at 23
1871-04-07 - Alexander Lloyd, Mayor of Chicago (b. 1805)
1882-01-24 - Levi Boone, Mayor of Chicago (b. 1808)
1888-10-16 - John Wentworth, Mayor of Chicago (b. 1815)
1892-01-01 - Roswell B. Mason, Mayor of Chicago (b. 1805)
1897-05-23 - Aleko Konstantinov, Bulgarian writer (To Chicago & Back), dies at 34
1899-03-16 - Joseph Medill, mayor of Chicago (b. 1823)
1904-02-10 - John A. Roche, Mayor of Chicago (b. 1844)
1931-03-09 - Ida B Wells-Barnett, African American civil rights activist, dies in Chicago at 78
1933-02-15 - Anton J Cermak, (Mayor-D-Chicago), assassinated in Miami
1933-03-06 - Anton J Cermak, US mayor of Chicago, murdered
Gangster John DillingerGangster John Dillinger (1934-07-22) 1934-07-22 - John Dillinger, shot dead at Biograph Theater in Chicago, at 33
1938-03-13 - Clarence S Darrow, Scopes Monkey Trial attorney, dies in Chicago at 80
1944-03-19 - William Hale Thompson, American mayor of Chicago (b. 1869)
1947-01-25 - Al Capone, Chicago gangster, dies of neurosyphilis at 48
1950-07-01 - Eliel Saarinen, Fins/US architect (Chicago Trib building), dies at 76
1958-05-27 - Samuel Stritch, US cardinal/archbishop (Chicago), dies
1963-11-15 - Fritz Reiner, Hung/US conductor (Chicago Symphony Orch), dies at 74
Gangster Al CaponeGangster Al Capone (1947-01-25) 1967-12-17 - [Francis] Barry Byrne, Chicago Ill, architect, dies at 83
1970-11-26 - B O Davis Sr, 1st African American general, dies at 93 in Chicago
1973-05-10 - Jack E Leonard, Chicago Ill, comedian, dies at 62
1975-02-25 - Elijah Muhammad, leader of Nation of Islam, dies in Chicago at 78
1976-12-20 - Richard J Daley, (Mayor-D-Chicago), dies at 74
1978-01-23 - Terry Kath, rock guitarist (Chicago), accidently shot in head at 32
1979-01-13 - Donny Hathaway, Chicago Ill, rocker (Ghetto), commits suicide at 33
1982-04-25 - John Cody, US cardinal/archbishop of Chicago (1965-82), dies at 74
1985-03-07 - George Schick, Czech conductor (Chicago Symphony), dies at 76
1987-11-25 - Harold Washington, 1st African American mayor of Chicago (D, 1983-87), dies at 65
1991-02-15 - Gary Gears, Chicago disk jockey, dies at 46 of a heart attack
1991-02-24 - George Gobel, Chicago, comedian (George Gobel Show), dies at 71
1995-09-04 - William Moses Kunstler, UCLA attorney (Chicago 7), dies at 78
1996-11-14 - Joseph Bernardin, cardinal Archbishop of Chicago, dies at 68
2002-01-16 - Michael Bilandic, Mayor of Chicago (b. 1923)
2003-02-16 - Eleanor "Sis" Daley, wife of Chicago mayor Richard J. Daley (b. 1907)
2008-01-24 - Randy Salerno, co-anchor of Chicago's CBS 2 News (b. 1963)
2012-01-15 - Edward Derwinski, Chicago congressman 1959-83 and first Secretary of Veteran Affairs, dies of cancer at 85


Search On this Day in History

Day  Month  Year  Type

Keyword(s)