Today in History for Year 1848

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Months in Year 1848: January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 100

Jan 1st - Britain takes Mosquito Coast from Nicaragua
Jan 3rd - Joseph Jenkins Roberts is sworn in as the first President of the independent African Republic of Liberia.
Jan 8th - Austrian soldiers kill 10 students, Pavia
Jan 9th - 1st commercial bank in SF established
Jan 9th - People's uprising in Palermo Sicily
Jan 24th - James Marshall finds gold in Sutter's Mill in Coloma, California
Jan 28th - King of Naples grants his subjects a constitution
Jan 29th - Sicily accepts new Constitution (choose parliament/freedom of press)
Feb 2nd - 1st ship load of Chinese arrive in SF
Feb 2nd - Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ends Mexican War; US acquires Texas California, New Mexico & Arizona for $15 million
Feb 12th - Ballet "Faust" premieres in Milan
Feb 15th - Sarah Roberts barred from white school in Boston
Feb 17th - Toscane gets liberal Constitution
Feb 24th - King Louis-Philippe abdicates, 2nd French republic declared
Feb 26th - 2nd French Republic proclaimed
Feb 26th - Marx & Engels publish "Communist Manifesto"
Feb 29th - Neufchatel declares independence of Switzerland
Mar 4th - Sardinia-Piemonte gets new Constitution
Mar 4th - Carlo Alberto di Savoia signs the Statuto Albertino that will later represent the first constitution of the Regno d'Italia
Mar 5th - Louis Antoine Garnier-Pages is named French minister of Finance.
Mar 7th - In Hawaii, Great Mahele (division of lands) signed
Mar 11th - Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine and Robert Baldwin become the first Prime Ministers of the Province of Canada to be democratically elected under a system of responsible government.
Mar 12th - 2nd republic established in France
Mar 15th - A revolution breaks out in Hungary. The Habsburg rulers are compelled to meet the demands of the Reform party.
Mar 23rd - The ship John Wickliffe arrives at Port Chalmers carrying the first Scottish settlers for Dunedin, New Zealand. Otago province is founded.
Mar 24th - State of siege proclaimed in Amsterdam
Mar 27th - John Parker Paynard originates medicated adhesive plaster
The flow of water stopps completely over both of Niagara's two falls due to an ice jam in the upper riverThe flow of water stopps completely over both of Niagara's two falls due to an ice jam in the upper river

Mar 29th - Niagara Falls stops flowing for 30 hours due to an ice jam
Apr 3rd - Thomas Douglas becomes 1st SF public teacher
Explorer and Naturalist Ludwig LeichhardtExplorer and Naturalist Ludwig Leichhardt Apr 3rd - German explorer Ludwig Leichhardt is seen for the last time at McPherson's Station, Coogoon, before he disappears on the same expedition to reach the Swan River
Apr 6th - Jews of Prussia granted equality
Apr 8th - 1st battle at Gioto: Sardinia-Piemonte beats Austrians
Apr 8th - Battle at Xaquixaguana, Peru: Pedro de la Gasca beats Gonzalo Pizarro
Apr 11th - Hungary becomes constitutional monarchy under king Ferdinand of Aust
Apr 18th - American victory at the battle of Cerro Gordo opens the way for invasion of Mexico.
Apr 26th - Alfred Russel Wallace departs the U.K. for South America, beginning four years of travel, collecting, and research in the region
Apr 28th - Free last slaves in French colonies
May 1st - The Fraternity of Phi Gamma Delta is founded at Jefferson College in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania.
Naturalist, biologist, and explorer Alfred Russel WallaceNaturalist, biologist, and explorer Alfred Russel Wallace May 6th - Otto Tank ends slavery in Suriname colony
May 7th - Prussians stop insurrection in Varsovia
May 13th - First performance of Finland's national anthem.
May 17th - Gerrit, Count Schimmelpenninck resigns as Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Netherlands
May 18th - Opening of the first German National Assembly (Nationalversammlung) in Frankfurt, Germany.
May 19th - 1st department store opens
May 19th - Mexico gives Texas to US, ending the war
May 29th - Battle at Curtazone: Austrians beat Sardinia-Piemonte
May 29th - Wisconsin becomes 30th state
May 30th - 2nd battle at Gioto: Sardinia-Piemonte beats Austrians
May 30th - William G Young patents ice cream freezer
May 30th - Mexico ratifies treaty giving US; New Mexico, California & parts of Nevada, Utah, Arizona & Colorado in return for $15 million
Jun 2nd - The Slavic congress in Prague begins.
Jun 5th - Statue of prince William the Silent, Prince of Orange, unveiled
Jun 10th - 1st telegraph link between NYC & Chicago
Jun 10th - Battle at Vicenza: Austrians beat Sardinia-Piemonte
8th US President Martin Van Buren8th US President Martin Van Buren Jun 22nd - Barnburners (anti-slavery) party nominates Martin Van Buren for Pres
Jun 22nd - Beginning of the June Days Uprising in Paris.
Jun 23rd - Bloody insurrection of workers in Paris
Jun 26th - 1st pure food law enacted in US
Jun 26th - End of the June Days Uprising in Paris.
Jul 3rd - Slaves freed in Danish West Indies (now US Virgin Islands)
Jul 6th - Mexican-American War ended with the Treaty of Guadaloupe Hidalgo
Jul 11th - Edmund Hickly gets 1st known 10 wicket innings (Kent v England)
Jul 11th - London's Waterloo Station opens
Jul 19th - 1st US women's rights convention held in Seneca Falls NY, organised by Elizabeth Cady Stanton & Lucretia Mott
Jul 19th - German Parliament demands Dutch province of Limburg
Jul 23rd - Battle of Custoza-Italian War of Independence, starts
Jul 25th - 1st battle at Custozza: Austrians under Radetzky beat Italian
Women's Rights Activist Elizabeth Cady StantonWomen's Rights Activist Elizabeth Cady Stanton Jul 26th - 1st Woman's Rights Convention (Senecca Falls NY)
Jul 29th - Irish Potato Famine: Tipperary Revolt - in Tipperary, an unsuccessful nationalist revolt against British rule is put down by police.
Aug 9th - Austria & Sardinia sign cease fire
Aug 9th - US Barnburners (anti-slavery) party merges with Free Soil Party nominating Martin Van Buren for president
Aug 14th - Oregon Territory created
Aug 15th - M Waldo Hanchett patents dental chair
Aug 18th - Camila O'Gorman and Ladislao Gutierrez are executed on the orders of Argentine dictator Juan Manuel de Rosas.
Aug 22nd - The United States annexes New Mexico
Sep 6th - National Black Convention meets in Cleveland
Sep 12th - Switzerland becomes a Federal state.
Sep 14th - Alexander Stewart opens 1st US dept store
Sep 16th - Slavery abolished in all French territories
Sep 18th - Baseball rules 1st baseman can tag base for out instead of runner
Sep 19th - Hyperion, moon of Saturn, discovered by Bond (US) & Lassell (England)
Sep 20th - The American Association for the Advancement of Science is created.
Sep 29th - Battle of Pákozd: Hungarian forces defeat Croats at Pákozd; the first battle of the War of Independence.
Oct 16th - 1st US homeopathic medical college opens in Pennsylvania
Oct 28th - The first railroad in Spain - between Barcelona and Mataró - is opened.
Nov 1st - First US women's medical school opens (Boston)
Nov 3rd - Johan Thorbeckes revises the Constitution of the Netherlands
12th US President Zachary Taylor12th US President Zachary Taylor Nov 7th - General Zachary Taylor elected as 12th President of US
Nov 9th - Post office at Clay & Pike opens
Nov 9th - Robert Blum, a German revolutionary and MP (Liberal), is executed in Vienna.
Nov 21st - Alfred de Musset's "Andre del Sarto" premieres in Paris
Nov 21st - Cincinnati Turngemeinde founded
Nov 23rd - Female Medical Educational Society forms in Boston
Dec 2nd - Franz Josef I becomes Emperor of Austria & King of Hungary
Dec 5th - President Polk triggers Gold Rush of 1849 by confirming gold discovery in California
Dec 25th - New Haven Railroad opens
Dec 26th - 1st gold seekers arrive in Panama en route to SF
Dec 26th - William & Ellen Craft escape from slavery in Georgia
Dec 26th - The Phi Delta Theta fraternity is founded at Miami University, Oxford, Ohio.
Dec 29th - Gas lights 1st installed at White House (Polk's administration)

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 93 of 93

Jan 1st - John Goff, Irish lawyer (d. 1924)
Jan 4th - Katsura Taro, Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1913)
Jan 5th - Khristo Botev, hero of Bulgarian revolt against Turkey, poet
Jan 5th - Same Steele, Canadian soldier, born in Purbrook, Canada West, (d. 1919)
Jan 9th - Princess Frederica of Hanover (d. 1926)
Jan 18th - Ioan Slavici, Transylvanian writer (d. 1925)
Jan 19th - John F. Stairs, Canadian businessman (d. 1904)
Jan 21st - Henri Duparc, French composer
Jan 22nd - Samuel Muller Fzn, Dutch historian/archivist (Middle Ages)
Jan 24th - Vasily Surikov, Russian painter (d. 1916)
Jan 27th - Togo Heihachiro, Japanese admiral (d. 1934)
Feb 4th - [Francois-Victor-]Jean Aicard, Fren playwright/poet (Jeune Croyances)
Feb 5th - Belle Starr [Myra Belle Shirley], US female outlaw (wild west)
Feb 5th - Joris-Karl Huysmans, France, writer (Against the Grain)
Feb 5th - Ignacio Carrera Pinto, Chilean war hero (d. 1882)
Feb 6th - Luigi Mancinelli, composer
Feb 14th - Benjamin Baillaud, French astronomer (d. 1934)
Feb 16th - Hugo de Vries, Dutch botanist (How species emerge)
Feb 17th - Louisa Lawson, Australian suffragist and writer (d. 1920)
Feb 18th - Louis Comfort Tiffany, glassmaker (stained glass windows)
Feb 20th - Edward Henry Harriman, American railroad executive (d. 1909)
Feb 23rd - Thomas Paine Westendorf, composer
Feb 24th - C Grant B Allen, Canadian writer (Woman Who Did)
Feb 24th - Johanna C P Barbiers, actress (Voddenraper of Paris)
Feb 24th - Andrew Inglis Clark, Tasmanian politician (d. 1907)
Feb 27th - Charles Hubert H Parry, England, musicologist/composer (Jerusalem)
Mar 1st - Augustus Saint-Gaudens, US, sculptor/designer (1907 $20 gold piece)
Mar 3rd - Adelaide Neilson, English Actress (d. 1880)
Mar 9th - Martin Pierre Joseph Marsick, composer
Mar 12th - Cyrill Kistler, composer
Mar 17th - Horace Wadham Nicholl, composer
Mar 18th - Nathaniel Herreshoff, America Cup yacht designer
Mar 18th - Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll, daughter of Queen Victoria (d. 1939)
OK Corral Sheriff Wyatt EarpOK Corral Sheriff Wyatt Earp (Mar 19th) Mar 19th - Wyatt Earp, Monmouth Ill, sheriff (OK Corral)
Mar 24th - Honoré Beaugrand, Quebec journalist and newspaper publisher (La Patrie) (d. 1906)
Mar 25th - William Keith Brooks, American marine zoologist (anatomy and embryology of marine animals), born in Cleveland, Ohio
Mar 29th - Aleksei Kuropatkin, Russian general/minister of War
Mar 31st - John Henry Roberts, composer
Apr 7th - Randall Thomas Davidson, Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1930)
Apr 9th - F A MacKinnon, cricketer (later the 35th Mackinnon of Mackinnon)
Apr 9th - Helena Lange, German feminist
Apr 12th - José Gautier Benítez, Puerto Rican poet (d. 1880)
Apr 16th - Kandukuri Veeresalingam, Social Reformer of Andhra Pradesh, India (d. 1919)
Apr 27th - King Otto I of Bavaria (d. 1916)
Apr 28th - Ludvig Schytte, composer
Apr 29th - Raja Ravi Varma, Indian painter, born in Kilimanoor, Travancore (d. 1906)
May 5th - Adalbert von Goldschmidt, composer
May 15th - Viktor Vasnetsov, Russian painter (d. 1926)
May 23rd - Helmuth J L von Moltke, German general/chief of staff (WW I)
May 23rd - Otto Lilienthal, pioneer aviator
Jun 1st - Otto Valdemar Malling, composer
Jun 7th - Paul Gaugin, [Eugene Henri], French post-impressionist painter
Jun 24th - Brooks Adams, US philosopher (Theory of Social Revolutions)
Jul 9th - Robert I, Duke of Parma, last ruling Duke of Parma (d. 1907)
Jul 15th - Vilfredo F D Pareto, Italian economist/sociologist
Jul 16th - Henri[cus A] Viotta, Dutch conductor/composer (Lexicon of Music)
Jul 18th - William Gilbert Grace, Victorian England's greatest cricketer
Jul 19th - Cornelis A Pekelharing, artist (fabric seller)
Jul 22nd - Adolf Friedrich V, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (d. 1914)
Jul 25th - Arthur Earl Balfour, (C), British PM (1902-05) (Balfour Declaration)
Jul 27th - Vladimir de Pachmann, painter
Jul 27th - Loránd Eötvös, Hungarian physicist (d. 1919)
Jul 27th - Friedrich Ernst Dorn, Guttstadt, Province of Prussia (now Warmia in Poland), German physicist who discovered that radon is emitted from radium
Jul 31st - Jean Robert Planquette, France, composer (Bells of Corneville)
Aug 1st - František Kmoch, Czech composer and conductor
Aug 4th - Vladimir Sukhomlinov, Russian general (d. 1926)
Aug 12th - Macellus Emants, Dutch writer/poet (Along the Nile)
Aug 19th - Gustave Caillebotte, French shipbuilding design/painter (Rue de Paris)
Aug 22nd - Melville E. Stone, American newspaper publisher (d. 1929)
Aug 30th - Andrew Onderdonk, Canadian railway contractor (d. 1905)
Sep 1st - Auguste-Henri Forel, Swiss entomologist (d. 1931)
Sep 4th - Lewis H Latimer, inventor/engineer
Sep 4th - Jennie Lee, American actress (d. 1925)
Sep 5th - Manuel Giro, composer
Sep 10th - William M Harnett, US painter (Old Violin)
Sep 24th - Pieter Louis Tak, literary (The Chronicle)
Sep 29th - Caroline Ardelia Yale, US, educated deaf
Oct 3rd - Henry Lerolle, French painter (d. 1929)
Oct 5th - Guido von List, German writer (d. 1919)
Oct 17th - William "Candy" Cummings, created curve ball
Oct 30th - Zinovi P Rozhestvensky, Russian vice-admiral
Oct 31st - Boston Custer, brother of George Armstrong Custer (d. 1876)
Nov 8th - Gottlob Frege, Germany, mathematician/logician (Begriffsschrift)
Nov 12th - Eduard Müller, member of the Swiss Federal Council (d. 1919)
Nov 13th - Albert HK, monarch of Monaco (1889-1922)
Nov 24th - Lilli Lehmann, opera singer
Dec 9th - Joel Chandler Harris, US journalist (created Uncle Remus stories)
Dec 12th - William Vanderbilt, yachtsman (donated Vanderbilt Cup)
Dec 15th - Edwin Howland Blashfield, decorated the dome of Library of Congress
Dec 17th - Frederick Grant Gleason, composer
Dec 18th - Karl Schroder, composer
Dec 21st - Edward Everett Rice, composer
Dec 30th - Mary Frances Allitsen, composer

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 5 of 5

Confederate General James LongstreetConfederate General James Longstreet (Mar 8th) Mar 8th - Confederate General James Longstreet (27) weds Maria Louisa Garland in Lynchburg, Virginia
Mar 20th - King Louis I of Bayern abdicates to marry dancer Lola Montez
Apr 10th - British influential art critic and social commentator John Ruskin marries Effie Gray in Perth, Scotland (later annulled).
Aug 10th - Inventor Samuel Morse (57) weds Sarah Elizabeth Griswold in Utica, New York
Aug 22nd - Soldier and later US President Ulysses Grant (26) marries Julia Dent

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 42 of 42

Jan 5th - Ferdinando Orlandi, composer, dies at 73
Jan 9th - Caroline Herschel, German-born astronomer (b. 1750)
Jan 20th - Christian VIII of Denmark (b. 1786)
Feb 15th - Hermann von Boyen, Prussian field marshal (b. 1771)
Feb 20th - [Willem] Alexander FCNM, prince of Neth/gen-maj, dies at 29
6th US President John Quincy Adams6th US President John Quincy Adams (Feb 23rd) Feb 23rd - John Quincy Adams, 6th US President (1825-1829), dies of a stroke at 80
Mar 3rd - Heinrich Olivier, German painter, dies
Mar 20th - Abraham des Amorie van der Hoeven, Dutch theologist/poet, dies at 27
Mar 29th - John Jacob Astor, charted American Fur Company, dies at 84
Apr 4th - Ludwig Leichhardt, German explorer of northern and central Australia, dies on an expedition at 34
Apr 8th - Domenico Gaetano Maria Donizetti, Italian composer, dies at 50
Apr 10th - Godert AGP baron van Capellen, gove-gen of Dutch-Indies, dies at 69
Apr 24th - Francois van Campenhout, Belgian composer (Brabanconne), dies at 69
Apr 30th - Friedrich Freiherr Gagern, German/Dutch army commandant, dies at 53
May 11th - Tom Cribb, English boxer (b. 1781)
May 18th - William A Leidesdorf, mixed-race early Californian, dies at 38 in SF
May 25th - Annette von Droste-Hülshoff, German writer (b. 1797)
Explorer and Naturalist Ludwig LeichhardtExplorer and Naturalist Ludwig Leichhardt (Apr 4th) May 31st - Eugénie de Guérin, French writer (b. 1805)
Jun 27th - Denis-Auguste Affre, archbsp of Paris (1840-48), shot to death at 54
Jun 27th - Zschokke, writer, dies
Jul 4th - Francois Rene de Chateaubriand, French novelist (Atala)/diplomat, dies
Jul 22nd - Karl Guhr, composer, dies at 60
Aug 6th - Nicola Vaccai, Italian composer, dies at 58
Aug 7th - Jöns Jakob Berzelius, Swedish chemist (b. 1779)
Aug 9th - Frederick Marryat, English captain/author (Mr Midshipman Easy), dies
Aug 12th - George Stephenson, locomotive engineer, dies
Aug 15th - Timothy Olmstead, composer, dies at 88
Sep 11th - Henri-Philippe Gerard, composer, dies at 87
Oct 4th - Louis Massonneau, composer, dies at 82
Oct 5th - Joseph Hormayr Freiherr zu Hortenburg, Austrian politician (b. 1781)
Oct 26th - Vissarion G Belinski, Russian literature critic, dies
Oct 27th - Alexander Egorovich Varlamov, composer, dies at 46
Nov 10th - Christian VIII of Denmark, King of Denmark (b. 1786)
Nov 15th - P Rossi, Italian, murdered
Nov 17th - Jozef B "Olim" Cannaert, Flemish lawyer, dies
Nov 23rd - Alfred Julius Becher, composer, dies at 45
Nov 24th - William Lamb 2nd viscount Melbourne, British PM (1834..41), dies at 69
Dec 18th - Bernard Bolzano, Bohemian mathematician and philosopher (b. 1781)
Novelist Emily BrontëNovelist Emily Brontë (Dec 19th) Dec 19th - Emily Brontë, English novelist (Wuthering Heights), dies of tuberculosis at 30
Dec 19th - Adam FJA van Duyn, governor of South Holland, dies at 77
Dec 25th - Johann Erik Nordblom, composer, dies at 60
Dec 31st - Oliver Shaw, composer, dies at 69

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