Today in History for Year 1848

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Months in Year 1848: January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 100

Jan 1st - Britain takes Mosquito Coast from Nicaragua
Jan 3rd - Joseph Jenkins Roberts is sworn in as the first President of the independent African Republic of Liberia.
Jan 8th - Austrian soldiers kill 10 students, Pavia
Jan 9th - 1st commercial bank in SF established
Jan 9th - People's uprising in Palermo Sicily
Jan 24th - James Marshall finds gold in Sutter's Mill in Coloma, California
Jan 28th - King of Naples grants his subjects a constitution
Jan 29th - Sicily accepts new Constitution (choose parliament/freedom of press)
Feb 2nd - 1st ship load of Chinese arrive in SF
Feb 2nd - Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ends Mexican War; US acquires Texas California, New Mexico & Arizona for $15 million
Feb 12th - Ballet "Faust" premieres, Milan
Feb 15th - Sarah Roberts barred from white school in Boston
Feb 17th - Toscane gets liberal Constitution
Feb 24th - King Louis-Philippe abdicates, 2nd French republic declared
Feb 26th - 2nd French Republic proclaimed
Feb 26th - Marx & Engels publish "Communist Manifesto"
Feb 29th - Neufchatel declares independence of Switzerland
Mar 4th - Sardinia-Piemonte gets new Constitution
Mar 4th - Carlo Alberto di Savoia signs the Statuto Albertino that will later represent the first constitution of the Regno d'Italia
Mar 5th - Louis Antoine Garnier-Pages is named French minister of Finance.
Mar 7th - In Hawaii, Great Mahele (division of lands) signed
Mar 11th - Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine and Robert Baldwin become the first Prime Ministers of the Province of Canada to be democratically elected under a system of responsible government.
Mar 12th - 2nd republic established in France
Mar 15th - A revolution breaks out in Hungary. The Habsburg rulers are compelled to meet the demands of the Reform party.
Mar 23rd - The ship John Wickliffe arrives at Port Chalmers carrying the first Scottish settlers for Dunedin, New Zealand. Otago province is founded.
Mar 24th - State of siege proclaimed in Amsterdam
Mar 27th - John Parker Paynard originates medicated adhesive plaster
Mar 29th - Niagara Falls stops flowing for 30 hours due to an ice jam
Apr 3rd - Thomas Douglas becomes 1st SF public teacher
Apr 3rd - German explorer Ludwig Leichhardt is seen for the last time at McPherson's Station, Coogoon, before he disappears on the same expedition to reach the Swan River
Apr 6th - Jews of Prussia granted equality
Apr 8th - 1st battle at Gioto: Sardinia-Piemonte beats Austrians
Apr 8th - Battle at Xaquixaguana, Peru: Pedro de la Gasca beats Gonzalo Pizarro
Apr 11th - Hungary becomes constitutional monarchy under king Ferdinand of Aust
Apr 18th - American victory at the battle of Cerro Gordo opens the way for invasion of Mexico.
Naturalist, biologist, and explorer Alfred Russel WallaceNaturalist, biologist, and explorer Alfred Russel Wallace Apr 26th - Alfred Russel Wallace departs the U.K. for South America, beginning four years of travel, collecting, and research in the region
Apr 28th - Free last slaves in French colonies
May 1st - The Fraternity of Phi Gamma Delta is founded at Jefferson College in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania.
May 6th - Otto Tank ends slavery in Suriname colony
May 7th - Prussians stop insurrection in Varsovia
May 13th - First performance of Finland's national anthem.
May 17th - Gerrit, Count Schimmelpenninck resigns as Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Netherlands
May 18th - Opening of the first German National Assembly (Nationalversammlung) in Frankfurt, Germany.
May 19th - 1st department store opens
May 19th - Mexico gives Texas to US, ending the war
May 29th - Battle at Curtazone: Austrians beat Sardinia-Piemonte
May 29th - Wisconsin becomes 30th state
May 30th - 2nd battle at Gioto: Sardinia-Piemonte beats Austrians
May 30th - William G Young patents ice cream freezer
May 30th - Mexico ratifies treaty giving US; New Mexico, California & parts of Nevada, Utah, Arizona & Colorado in return for $15 million
Jun 2nd - The Slavic congress in Prague begins.
Jun 5th - Statue of prince William the Silent, Prince of Orange, unveiled
Jun 10th - 1st telegraph link between NYC & Chicago
Jun 10th - Battle at Vicenza: Austrians beat Sardinia-Piemonte
8th US President Martin Van Buren8th US President Martin Van Buren Jun 22nd - Barnburners (anti-slavery) party nominates Martin Van Buren for Pres
Jun 22nd - Beginning of the June Days Uprising in Paris.
Jun 23rd - Bloody insurrection of workers in Paris
Jun 26th - 1st pure food law enacted in US
Jun 26th - End of the June Days Uprising in Paris.
Jul 3rd - Slaves freed in Danish West Indies (now US Virgin Islands)
Jul 6th - Mexican-American War ended with the Treaty of Guadaloupe Hidalgo
Jul 11th - Edmund Hickly gets 1st known 10 wicket innings (Kent v England)
Jul 11th - London's Waterloo Station opens
Jul 19th - 1st US women's rights convention held in Seneca Falls NY, organised by Elizabeth Cady Stanton & Lucretia Mott
Women's Rights Activist Elizabeth Cady StantonWomen's Rights Activist Elizabeth Cady Stanton Jul 19th - German Parliament demands Dutch province of Limburg
Jul 23rd - Battle of Custoza-Italian War of Independence, starts
Jul 25th - 1st battle at Custozza: Austrians under Radetzky beat Italian
Jul 26th - 1st Woman's Rights Convention (Senecca Falls NY)
Jul 29th - Irish Potato Famine: Tipperary Revolt - in Tipperary, an unsuccessful nationalist revolt against British rule is put down by police.
Aug 9th - Austria & Sardinia sign cease fire
Aug 9th - US Barnburners (anti-slavery) party merges with Free Soil Party nominating Martin Van Buren for president
Aug 14th - Oregon Territory created
Aug 15th - M Waldo Hanchett patents dental chair
Aug 18th - Camila O'Gorman and Ladislao Gutierrez are executed on the orders of Argentine dictator Juan Manuel de Rosas.
Aug 22nd - The United States annexes New Mexico
Sep 6th - National Black Convention meets in Cleveland
Sep 12th - Switzerland becomes a Federal state.
Sep 14th - Alexander Stewart opens 1st US dept store
Sep 16th - Slavery abolished in all French territories
Sep 18th - Baseball rules 1st baseman can tag base for out instead of runner
Sep 19th - Hyperion, moon of Saturn, discovered by Bond (US) & Lassell (England)
Sep 20th - The American Association for the Advancement of Science is created.
Sep 29th - Battle of Pákozd: Hungarian forces defeat Croats at Pákozd; the first battle of the War of Independence.
Oct 16th - 1st US homeopathic medical college opens in Pennsylvania
Oct 28th - The first railroad in Spain - between Barcelona and Mataró - is opened.
Nov 1st - First US women's medical school opens (Boston)
Nov 3rd - Johan Thorbeckes revises the Constitution of the Netherlands
12th US President Zachary Taylor12th US President Zachary Taylor Nov 7th - General Zachary Taylor elected as 12th President of US
Nov 9th - Post office at Clay & Pike opens
Nov 9th - Robert Blum, a German revolutionary and MP (Liberal), is executed in Vienna.
Nov 21st - Alfred de Musset's "Andre del Sarto" premieres in Paris
Nov 21st - Cincinnati Turngemeinde founded
Nov 23rd - Female Medical Educational Society forms in Boston
Dec 2nd - Franz Josef I becomes Emperor of Austria & King of Hungary
Dec 5th - President Polk triggers Gold Rush of 1849 by confirming gold discovery in California
Dec 25th - New Haven Railroad opens
Dec 26th - 1st gold seekers arrive in Panama en route to SF
Dec 26th - William & Ellen Craft escape from slavery in Georgia
Dec 26th - The Phi Delta Theta fraternity is founded at Miami University, Oxford, Ohio.
Dec 29th - Gas lights 1st installed at White House (Polk's administration)

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 92 of 92

Jan 1st - John Goff, Irish lawyer (d. 1924)
Jan 4th - Katsura Taro, Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1913)
Jan 5th - Khristo Botev, hero of Bulgarian revolt against Turkey, poet
Jan 5th - Same Steele, Canadian soldier, born in Purbrook, Canada West, (d. 1919)
Jan 9th - Princess Frederica of Hanover (d. 1926)
Jan 18th - Ioan Slavici, Transylvanian writer (d. 1925)
Jan 19th - John F. Stairs, Canadian businessman (d. 1904)
Jan 21st - Henri Duparc, French composer
Jan 22nd - Samuel Muller Fzn, Dutch historian/archivist (Middle Ages)
Jan 24th - Vasily Surikov, Russian painter (d. 1916)
Jan 27th - Togo Heihachiro, Japanese admiral (d. 1934)
Feb 4th - [Francois-Victor-]Jean Aicard, Fren playwright/poet (Jeune Croyances)
Feb 5th - Belle Starr [Myra Belle Shirley], US female outlaw (wild west)
Feb 5th - Joris-Karl Huysmans, France, writer (Against the Grain)
Feb 5th - Ignacio Carrera Pinto, Chilean war hero (d. 1882)
Feb 6th - Luigi Mancinelli, composer
Feb 14th - Benjamin Baillaud, French astronomer (d. 1934)
Feb 16th - Hugo de Vries, Dutch botanist (How species emerge)
Feb 17th - Louisa Lawson, Australian suffragist and writer (d. 1920)
Feb 18th - Louis Comfort Tiffany, glassmaker (stained glass windows)
Feb 20th - Edward Henry Harriman, American railroad executive (d. 1909)
Feb 23rd - Thomas Paine Westendorf, composer
Feb 24th - C Grant B Allen, Canadian writer (Woman Who Did)
Feb 24th - Johanna C P Barbiers, actress (Voddenraper of Paris)
Feb 24th - Andrew Inglis Clark, Tasmanian politician (d. 1907)
Feb 27th - Charles Hubert H Parry, England, musicologist/composer (Jerusalem)
Mar 1st - Augustus Saint-Gaudens, US, sculptor/designer (1907 $20 gold piece)
Mar 3rd - Adelaide Neilson, English Actress (d. 1880)
Mar 9th - Martin Pierre Joseph Marsick, composer
Mar 12th - Cyrill Kistler, composer
Mar 17th - Horace Wadham Nicholl, composer
Mar 18th - Nathaniel Herreshoff, America Cup yacht designer
Mar 18th - Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll, daughter of Queen Victoria (d. 1939)
OK Corral Sheriff Wyatt EarpOK Corral Sheriff Wyatt Earp (Mar 19th) Mar 19th - Wyatt Earp, Monmouth Ill, sheriff (OK Corral)
Mar 24th - Honoré Beaugrand, Quebec journalist and newspaper publisher (La Patrie) (d. 1906)
Mar 25th - William Keith Brooks, American marine zoologist (anatomy and embryology of marine animals), born in Cleveland, Ohio
Mar 29th - Aleksei Kuropatkin, Russian general/minister of War
Mar 31st - John Henry Roberts, composer
Apr 7th - Randall Thomas Davidson, Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1930)
Apr 9th - F A MacKinnon, cricketer (later the 35th Mackinnon of Mackinnon)
Apr 9th - Helena Lange, German feminist
Apr 12th - José Gautier Benítez, Puerto Rican poet (d. 1880)
Apr 16th - Kandukuri Veeresalingam, Social Reformer of Andhra Pradesh, India (d. 1919)
Apr 27th - King Otto I of Bavaria (d. 1916)
Apr 28th - Ludvig Schytte, composer
May 5th - Adalbert von Goldschmidt, composer
May 15th - Viktor Vasnetsov, Russian painter (d. 1926)
May 23rd - Helmuth J L von Moltke, German general/chief of staff (WW I)
May 23rd - Otto Lilienthal, pioneer aviator
Jun 1st - Otto Valdemar Malling, composer
Jun 7th - Paul Gaugin, [Eugene Henri], French post-impressionist painter
Jun 24th - Brooks Adams, US philosopher (Theory of Social Revolutions)
Jul 9th - Robert I, Duke of Parma, last ruling Duke of Parma (d. 1907)
Jul 15th - Vilfredo F D Pareto, Italian economist/sociologist
Jul 16th - Henri[cus A] Viotta, Dutch conductor/composer (Lexicon of Music)
Jul 18th - William Gilbert Grace, Victorian England's greatest cricketer
Jul 19th - Cornelis A Pekelharing, artist (fabric seller)
Jul 22nd - Adolf Friedrich V, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (d. 1914)
Jul 25th - Arthur Earl Balfour, (C), British PM (1902-05) (Balfour Declaration)
Jul 27th - Vladimir de Pachmann, painter
Jul 27th - Loránd Eötvös, Hungarian physicist (d. 1919)
Jul 27th - Friedrich Ernst Dorn, Guttstadt, Province of Prussia (now Warmia in Poland), German physicist who discovered that radon is emitted from radium
Jul 31st - Jean Robert Planquette, France, composer (Bells of Corneville)
Aug 1st - František Kmoch, Czech composer and conductor
Aug 4th - Vladimir Sukhomlinov, Russian general (d. 1926)
Aug 12th - Macellus Emants, Dutch writer/poet (Along the Nile)
Aug 19th - Gustave Caillebotte, French shipbuilding design/painter (Rue de Paris)
Aug 22nd - Melville E. Stone, American newspaper publisher (d. 1929)
Aug 30th - Andrew Onderdonk, Canadian railway contractor (d. 1905)
Sep 1st - Auguste-Henri Forel, Swiss entomologist (d. 1931)
Sep 4th - Lewis H Latimer, inventor/engineer
Sep 4th - Jennie Lee, American actress (d. 1925)
Sep 5th - Manuel Giro, composer
Sep 10th - William M Harnett, US painter (Old Violin)
Sep 24th - Pieter Louis Tak, literary (The Chronicle)
Sep 29th - Caroline Ardelia Yale, US, educated deaf
Oct 3rd - Henry Lerolle, French painter (d. 1929)
Oct 5th - Guido von List, German writer (d. 1919)
Oct 17th - William "Candy" Cummings, created curve ball
Oct 30th - Zinovi P Rozhestvensky, Russian vice-admiral
Oct 31st - Boston Custer, brother of George Armstrong Custer (d. 1876)
Nov 8th - Gottlob Frege, Germany, mathematician/logician (Begriffsschrift)
Nov 12th - Eduard Müller, member of the Swiss Federal Council (d. 1919)
Nov 13th - Albert HK, monarch of Monaco (1889-1922)
Nov 24th - Lilli Lehmann, opera singer
Dec 9th - Joel Chandler Harris, US journalist (created Uncle Remus stories)
Dec 12th - William Vanderbilt, yachtsman (donated Vanderbilt Cup)
Dec 15th - Edwin Howland Blashfield, decorated the dome of Library of Congress
Dec 17th - Frederick Grant Gleason, composer
Dec 18th - Karl Schroder, composer
Dec 21st - Edward Everett Rice, composer
Dec 30th - Mary Frances Allitsen, composer

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 5 of 5

Confederate General James LongstreetConfederate General James Longstreet (Mar 8th) Mar 8th - Confederate General James Longstreet (27) weds Maria Louisa Garland in Lynchburg, Virginia
Mar 20th - King Louis I of Bayern abdicates to marry dancer Lola Montez
Apr 10th - British influential art critic and social commentator John Ruskin marries Effie Gray in Perth, Scotland (later annulled).
Aug 10th - Inventor Samuel Morse (57) weds Sarah Elizabeth Griswold in Utica, New York
Aug 22nd - Soldier and later US President Ulysses Grant (26) marries Julia Dent

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 42 of 42

Jan 5th - Ferdinando Orlandi, composer, dies at 73
Jan 9th - Caroline Herschel, German-born astronomer (b. 1750)
Jan 20th - Christian VIII of Denmark (b. 1786)
Feb 15th - Hermann von Boyen, Prussian field marshal (b. 1771)
Feb 20th - [Willem] Alexander FCNM, prince of Neth/gen-maj, dies at 29
6th US President John Quincy Adams6th US President John Quincy Adams (Feb 23rd) Feb 23rd - John Quincy Adams, 6th US President (1825-1829), dies of a stroke at 80
Mar 3rd - Heinrich Olivier, German painter, dies
Mar 20th - Abraham des Amorie van der Hoeven, Dutch theologist/poet, dies at 27
Mar 29th - John Jacob Astor, charted American Fur Company, dies at 84
Apr 4th - Ludwig Leichhardt, German explorer of northern and central Australia, dies on an expedition at 34
Apr 8th - Domenico Gaetano Maria Donizetti, Italian composer, dies at 50
Apr 10th - Godert AGP baron van Capellen, gove-gen of Dutch-Indies, dies at 69
Apr 24th - Francois van Campenhout, Belgian composer (Brabanconne), dies at 69
Apr 30th - Friedrich Freiherr Gagern, German/Dutch army commandant, dies at 53
May 11th - Tom Cribb, English boxer (b. 1781)
May 18th - William A Leidesdorf, mixed-race early Californian, dies at 38 in SF
May 25th - Annette von Droste-Hülshoff, German writer (b. 1797)
May 31st - Eugénie de Guérin, French writer (b. 1805)
Jun 27th - Denis-Auguste Affre, archbsp of Paris (1840-48), shot to death at 54
Jun 27th - Zschokke, writer, dies
Jul 4th - Francois Rene de Chateaubriand, French novelist (Atala)/diplomat, dies
Jul 22nd - Karl Guhr, composer, dies at 60
Aug 6th - Nicola Vaccai, Italian composer, dies at 58
Aug 7th - Jöns Jakob Berzelius, Swedish chemist (b. 1779)
Aug 9th - Frederick Marryat, English captain/author (Mr Midshipman Easy), dies
Aug 12th - George Stephenson, locomotive engineer, dies
Aug 15th - Timothy Olmstead, composer, dies at 88
Sep 11th - Henri-Philippe Gerard, composer, dies at 87
Oct 4th - Louis Massonneau, composer, dies at 82
Oct 5th - Joseph Hormayr Freiherr zu Hortenburg, Austrian politician (b. 1781)
Oct 26th - Vissarion G Belinski, Russian literature critic, dies
Oct 27th - Alexander Egorovich Varlamov, composer, dies at 46
Nov 10th - Christian VIII of Denmark, King of Denmark (b. 1786)
Nov 15th - P Rossi, Italian, murdered
Nov 17th - Jozef B "Olim" Cannaert, Flemish lawyer, dies
Nov 23rd - Alfred Julius Becher, composer, dies at 45
Nov 24th - William Lamb 2nd viscount Melbourne, British PM (1834..41), dies at 69
Dec 18th - Bernard Bolzano, Bohemian mathematician and philosopher (b. 1781)
Novelist Emily Jane BronteNovelist Emily Jane Bronte (Dec 19th) Dec 19th - Emily Jane Bronte, English novelist, dies at 30
Dec 19th - Adam FJA van Duyn, governor of South Holland, dies at 77
Dec 25th - Johann Erik Nordblom, composer, dies at 60
Dec 31st - Oliver Shaw, composer, dies at 69

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