Today in History for Year 1851

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Months in Year 1851: January February March April May June July August September October November December

Historical Events

Events 1 - 60 of 60

Jan 1st - City of Glasgow steamer inaugurates Philadelphia-Liverpool line
Jan 15th - Gen Arista replaces Mexican Pres Herrera
Jan 28th - Northwestern University (Chicago) chartered
Jan 31st - Gail Borden announces invention of condensed milk
Jan 31st - SF Orphan's Asylum, 1st in California, founded
Feb 6th - Robert Schumann's 3rd Symphony "Rhenisch," premieres in Dusseldorf
Feb 11th - 1st cricket 1st-class game in Australia, Tasmania v Vic, Launceston
Feb 15th - Black abolitionists invade Boston courtroom rescuing a fugitive slave
Mar 3rd - Congress authorizes smallest US silver coin (3 cent piece)
Mar 6th - Dion Boucicault's "Love in a Maze" premieres in London
Mar 7th - Poll tax levied on Russo-Polish Jews entering Austrian Galicia ends
Mar 11th - Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Rigoletto" premieres in Venice
Composer Giuseppe VerdiComposer Giuseppe Verdi Mar 25th - Yosemite Valley discovered in California
Apr 15th - Earl G Andressy sentenced to death in Hungary
Apr 23rd - Canada issues its 1st postage stamps
May 1st - Great Exhibition opens in the Crystal Palace, London
May 3rd - Most of San Francisco destroyed by fire; 30 die
May 4th - 1st major SF fire
May 6th - Dr John Gorrie patents a "refrigeration machine"
May 6th - Linus Yale patents Yale lock
May 6th - New slave regulations go into effect in Suriname
May 6th - San Francisco Chamber of Commerce starts
May 15th - Rama IV, [Phra Chomklao Chaoyuhua], king of Thai (1851-68), crowned
May 18th - Amsterdam-Nieuwediep telegraph connection linked
Abolitionist and Women's Rights Advocate Sojourner TruthAbolitionist and Women's Rights Advocate Sojourner Truth May 29th - Sojourner Truth addresses 1st Black Women's Rights Convention (Akron)
Jun 2nd - 1st US alcohol prohibition law enacted (Maine)
Jun 3rd - 1st baseball uniforms worn, NY Knickerbockers wear straw hat, white shirt & blue long trousers
Jun 9th - SF Committee of Vigilance forms (1st time)
Jun 15th - Jacob Fussell, Baltimore dairyman, sets up 1st ice-cream factory
Jun 22nd - Fire destroys part of San Francisco
Jun 30th - Battle of Viervoet (Basotho-British war)
Jul 13th - John F Loudon discovers tin on East Indian Island of Billiton
Jul 23rd - Treaty of Traverse des Sioux signed by Sioux Indians & US
Jul 24th - Window tax abolished in Britain
Jul 28th - Total solar eclipse captured on a daguerreotype photograph
Jul 29th - Annibale de Gasparis discovers asteroid 15 Eunomia.
Aug 12th - 1st America's Cup - US schooner America beats British yacht Aurora after race around the Isle of Wight
Aug 12th - Isaac Singer patents sewing machine
Aug 22nd - Gold fields discovered in Australia
Aug 22nd - Yacht "America" wins 1st Royal Yacht Squadron Cup (America's Cup)
Sep 15th - Saint Joseph's University is founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Sep 18th - New York Times starts publishing (2 cents a copy)
Sep 22nd - The city of Des Moines, Iowa was incorporated as Fort Des Moines.
Oct 1st - 1st Hawaiian stamps issued
Oct 2nd - The pasilalinic-sympathetic compass is demonstrated but proves to be a fake.
Oct 24th - William Lassell discovers Ariel & Umbriel, satellites of Uranus
Oct 30th - Alfred de Musset's "Bettine" premieres in Paris
Nov 9th - Kentucky marshals abduct abolitionist minister Calvin Fairbank from Jeffersonville, Indiana, and take him to Kentucky to stand trial for helping a slave escape.
Nov 11th - Alvan Clark patents telescope
Nov 13th - 1st meeting of anti-revolutionary "Netherlands & Orange"
Nov 13th - Telegraph connection between London-Paris linked
Nov 13th - The Denny Party lands at Alki Point, the first settlers of what would become Seattle, Washington.
Moby Dick Author Herman MelvilleMoby Dick Author Herman Melville Nov 14th - "Moby Dick" by Herman Melville published
Nov 22nd - Opera "La Perle Du Brésil" is produced (Paris)
Dec 2nd - French President Charles Louis Bonaparte in a Coup d'etat overthrows the Second Republic establishing himself as Emperor.
Dec 4th - Pres Louis Napoleon Boaparte's forces crush an attempted coup d'etat in France
Dec 9th - 1st Young Men's Christian Association in North America (Montreal)
Dec 22nd - The first freight train is operated in Roorkee, India.
Dec 24th - Fire devastates US Library of Congress in Washington, destroys 35,000 volumes
Dec 29th - 1st American Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) chapter opened in Boston Massachusetts.

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 88 of 88

Jan 9th - Giuseppi Gallignani, composer
Jan 14th - Theophile EA de Bock, Dutch painter/etcher/drawer
Jan 17th - A. B. Frost, American illustrator (d. 1928)
Jan 19th - David Starr Jordan, NY, biologist/university pres (Leland Stanford)
Jan 19th - Johannes C Kapteyn, Dutch astronomer
Jan 25th - Arne Garborg, Norwegian playwright (Bondestudentar)
Jan 25th - Jan Blockx, Belgium, opera composer (Sea Bride princess of Herberg)
Jan 27th - Rafael Obligado, Argentina, writer (Santos Vega)
Feb 1st - Durham Stevens, American diplomat (d. 1908)
Feb 2nd - José Guadalupe Posada, Mexican artist (d. 1913)
Feb 3rd - Johannes B van Heutsz, lt-gen/gov-gen Dutch East Indies
Feb 3rd - Lord Harris, cricketer (4 Tests for England MCC big-wig)
Feb 8th - Kate O'Flaherty Chopin, novelist
Feb 28th - Samuel W. McCall, 47th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1923)
Mar 3rd - Alexandros Papadiamantis, Greek author (d. 1911)
Mar 15th - Jozef Surzynski, composer
Mar 16th - Martinus Beijerinck, Dutch microbiologist and botanist (d. 1931)
Mar 19th - Roque Saenz Pena, pres of Argentina (1910-14)
Mar 19th - William Henry Stark, American business leader (d. 1936)
Mar 27th - Ruperto Chapi y Lorente, composer
Mar 27th - Vincent d'Indy, French composer and teacher (d. 1931)
Mar 28th - Bernardino Machado, Portuguese politician (d. 1944)
Apr 6th - Guillaume Bigourdan, French astronomer (d. 1932)
Apr 7th - Otto Adolf Klauwell, composer
Apr 9th - C E Arthur Wichmann, German/Dutch geologist (Neth Indies)
Apr 12th - Emil Liebling, composer
Apr 13th - Robert Abbe, American surgeon (d. 1928)
Apr 16th - Ernst Josephson, Sweden, artist
Apr 20th - Young Tom Morris, Scottish golfer (d. 1875)
Apr 21st - Charles Barrois, French geologist (d. 1939)
Apr 24th - Eduardo Acevedo Diaz, Uruguaian writer (Ismael, Grito de Gloria)
Apr 25th - Leopoldo Alas y Ureña, a.k.a. "Clarín", Spanish novelist (d. 1901)
May 1st - Laza Lazarević, Serbian writer and psychiatrist (d. 1891)
May 18th - James Budd, Governor of California (d. 1908)
May 20th - Emile Berliner, Germany, inventor (flat phonograph record)
May 20th - Rose Hawthorne Lathrop, US, nun/daughter of Nathaniel Hawthorne
May 21st - Leon Bourgeois, France, politician, internationalist (Nobel 1920)
May 23rd - Antoni Stolpe, composer
May 28th - Dick Barlow, cricketer (immortal England all-rounder of 1880s)
May 29th - Leon VA Bourgeois, French premier (1895-96, Nobel 1920)
Jun 8th - Jacques-Arsène d'Arsonval, French physicist (d. 1940)
Jun 9th - Charles Joseph Bonaparte, French politician (d. 1921)
Jun 12th - Oliver Joseph Lodge, England, early radio pioneer
Jun 19th - Billy Midwinter, Australian cricketer (d. 1890)
Jun 21st - Daniel Carter Beard, US, organized 1st boy scout troop
Jul 7th - Lillien Jane Martin, psychologist, found gerontology clinic
Jul 7th - Charles Tindley, American gospel music composer (d. 1933)
Jul 8th - Arthur J Evans, English archaeologist (Crete)
Jul 11th - Millie & Christine, NC, siamese twins
Jul 15th - Eduardo Gutiérrez, Argentinian author (d. 1889)
Jul 19th - Hendrik J Jut, Dutch murderer (head of Jut)
Jul 23rd - Charles Bannerman, Aussie cricket batsman (1st centurion)
Jul 24th - Friedrich Schottky, German mathematician (d. 1935)
Aug 3rd - Isabella Caroline Somerset, temperance leader
Aug 13th - John Lincoln Clem, Drummer (Union volunteers), died in 1937
Aug 13th - Felix Adler, German-born educator (d. 1933)
Gunfighter in the American Old West Doc HollidayGunfighter in the American Old West Doc Holliday (Aug 14th) Aug 14th - Doc Holliday, Griffin Georgia, American gambler, dentist and gunfighter (Gunfight at the O.K. Corral)
Aug 15th - [Georgette A] Helena Amelung, Dutch actress (Scapegoat)
Aug 17th - Henry Drummond, Scottish geologist/evangelist
Aug 19th - Frans Schollaert, Belgian premier (1908-11)
Aug 19th - Charles Hires, Philadelphia Pennsylvania, American Inventor and Manufacturer of the Hires Root Beer beverage
Aug 24th - Tom Kendall, Australian cricketer (d. 1924)
Aug 25th - [Willem] Alexander KHF, prince of Orange/Netherlands
Aug 29th - Willem M d'Ablaing, Dutch lawyer
Sep 3rd - Olga Konstantinovna of Russia, Queen of Greece (d. 1926)
Sep 4th - John Dillon, Irish nationalist/British Lower house member
Sep 7th - Edward Ashael Birge, American pioneer in limnology (d. 1950)
Sep 13th - Walter Reed, US Army Surgeon, proved mosquitoes transmit yellow fever
Sep 15th - Emilia Pardo Bazan, Spanish countess/writer (Sirena Negra)
Sep 15th - Josif Marinkovic, composer
Sep 28th - Henry Arthur Jones, English playwright (Judah)
Oct 2nd - Ferdinand Foch, France, Allied military commander and hero during WW I
Oct 15th - George F Moore, US theologist (Hebrews, Old Testament)
Oct 16th - James Ten Eyck, champion rower/coach (Ten Eyck Trophy namesake)
Oct 19th - Empress Myeongseong, Empress of Korea (d. 1895)
Oct 21st - George Ulyett, cricketer (great Yorkshire all-rounder 1873-93)
Oct 23rd - Guillaume Couture, composer
Oct 31st - Lovisa of Sweden, queen of Denmark (d. 1926)
Nov 5th - Charles Dupuy, French prime minister (d. 1923)
Nov 6th - Charles Dow, American journalist and economist (co-founded Dow Jones/1st editor of Wall St Journal) (d.1902)
Nov 7th - Chris von der Ahe, German born entrepreneur (d. 1913)
Nov 20th - Queen Margherita of Italy (d. 1926)
Nov 21st - Desire J Mercier, Belgian philosopher/cardinal
Dec 10th - Melvil[le Louis K] Dewey, created Dewey Decimal System for libraries
Dec 16th - Theodoor H de Meester, Dutch premier (1905-08)
Dec 18th - Graciano Lopez Jaena, Filipino hero, orator and satirist (d. 1896)
Dec 21st - Thomas Chipman McRae, American politician, 34th Governor of Arkansas (d. 1929)
Dec 30th - Asa Griggs Candler, developed Coca-Cola

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 40 of 40

Jan 10th - Karl Freiherr von Müffling, Prussian field marshal (b. 1775)
Jan 12th - Johan Herman Koekkoek, painter, dies at 72
Jan 19th - Esteban Echeverría, Argentine writer (b. 1805)
Jan 21st - Gustav Albert Lortzing, composer, dies at 49
Jan 24th - Gaspare Luigi Pacifico Spontini, Italian composer, dies at 76
Jan 27th - John James Audubon, conservationist (Audubon Society), dies at 65
Jan 27th - Karl Moser, composer, dies at 77
Frankenstein Author Mary ShelleyFrankenstein Author Mary Shelley (Feb 1st) Feb 1st - Mary Shelley, novelist (Frankenstein), dies of a brain tumour at 53
Feb 16th - Anne Nagell van Ampsen, Dutch politician, dies at 95
Feb 18th - Carl Gustav Jakob Jacobi, German mathematician (b. 1804)
Feb 20th - Josef Alois Ladurner, composer, dies at 81
Feb 25th - Ferdinand Simon Gassner, composer, dies at 53
Mar 4th - Michael Henkel, composer, dies at 70
Mar 4th - James Richardson, British explorer (b. 1809)
Mar 6th - Alexander Aliabiev, composer, dies at 63
Mar 9th - Hans Christian Oersted, Danish physicist, dies at 73
Mar 11th - George McDuffie, Governor of South Carolina (b. 1790)
Physicist/Chemist Hans OerstedPhysicist/Chemist Hans Oersted (Mar 9th) Apr 8th - John Parry, composer, dies at 75
Apr 9th - Antoine-Charles Glachant, composer, dies at 80
May 17th - Jean E "Adrian" van Bevervoorde, journalist (Treason), dies at 31
May 22nd - Mordecai Manuel Noah, American writer, journalist (b. 1755)
May 23rd - Lucas Pieter Roodbaard, architect, dies at 69
May 24th - Stanko Vraz, [Jakob Frass], Slavic poet (Grammatica), dies at 40
Jul 4th - Martin-Joseph Mengal, composer, dies at 67
Jul 5th - Juanita, Mexican, lynched by California gold diggers
Jul 10th - Louis Daguerre, French inventor and photographer (b. 1787)
Jul 17th - Beni Egressy, composer, dies at 37
Photographer and Inventor Louis-Jacques DaguerrePhotographer and Inventor Louis-Jacques Daguerre (Jul 10th) Aug 1st - William Joseph Behr, German writer (b. 1775)
Aug 11th - Lorenz Oken, German naturalist (b. 1779)
Aug 19th - Gioseffo Catrufo, composer, dies at 80
Sep 10th - Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet, American educator (b. 1787)
Sep 11th - Sylvester Graham, American nutritionist (b. 1794)
Sep 14th - James Fenimore Cooper, American author (Last of Mohicans), dies of dropsy at 61
Oct 4th - Manuel de Godoy, Spanish statesman (b. 1767)
Oct 19th - Marie Thérèse Charlotte (b. 1778)
Oct 31st - Peter II Petrovic Njegos, bishop of Montenegro (1830-51), dies at 37
Nov 18th - Ernst August, duke of Cumberland/king of Hanover (1837-51), dies at 80
Writer James Fenimore CooperWriter James Fenimore Cooper (Sep 14th) Nov 20th - Wenzel Sedlak, composer, dies at 75
Nov 26th - Nicolas Jean de Dieu Soult, French marshal (b. 1769)
Dec 19th - J M William Turner, British painter (Rain, Steam & Speed), dies at 76

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