Today in History for Year 1863

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Months in Year 1863: January February March April May June July August September October November December

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 260

Jan 1st - 1st homestead under the Homestead Act claimed, near Beatrice, Nebr
Jan 1st - Battle of Galveston, Texas-Confederates recapture the city
Jan 1st - Emancipation Proclamation issued by Lincoln to free slaves in confederate states
Jan 1st - Franz Schubert's "Missa Solemnis," premieres in Leipzig
Jan 2nd - Battle of Murfreesboro (Stone's River) ends
Jan 4th - 4 wheeled roller skates patented by James Plimpton of NY
Jan 8th - American Civil War: Second Battle of Springfield
Jan 9th - -Jan 11th] Battle of Arkansas Post, AR (Ft Hindman)
Jan 10th - 1st underground railway opens in London
Jan 10th - General McClernand's Union troops surround Fort Hindman Ark
Jan 10th - January-uprising begins in Poland
Composer Franz SchubertComposer Franz Schubert Jan 11th - Naval engagement near Galveston between CSS Alabama & USS Hatteras
Jan 11th - Union forces capture Arkansas Post, or Ft Hindman, Arkansas
Jan 12th - President Davis delivers his "State of Confederacy" address
Jan 13th - Chenille manufacturing machine patented by William Canter, NYC
Jan 13th - Thomas Crapper pioneers one-piece pedestal flushing toilet
Jan 14th - Battle between gunboats at Bayou Teche Louisiana
Jan 15th - 1st US newspaper printed on wood-pulp paper, Boston Morning Journal
Jan 16th - -Aug 23rd) Cruise of CSS Florida
Jan 17th - Civil War skirmish near Newtown, Virginia
Jan 19th - General Mieroslawski appointed dictator of Poland
Jan 21st - City of Dublin leases part of Cattle Market for 100,000 years
Jan 22nd - Union General Burnside's "Mud March"
Jan 25th - Battle of Kinston, NC
Jan 25th - General Joseph Hooker replaces Burnside as head of Army of Potomac
Jan 26th - American Civil War: Massachusetts Governor receives permission from Secretary of War to raise a militia organization for men of African descent (54th Massachusetts Regiment)
Jan 29th - Battle at Bear River, Washington: US army vs indians
Jan 31st - 1st black Civil War regiment, SC Volunteers, mustered into US army
Author Mark TwainAuthor Mark Twain Feb 2nd - Samuel Clemens becomes Mark Twain for 1st time
Feb 7th - HMS Orpheus sinks off the coast of Auckland, New Zealand, killing 189.
Feb 10th - 1st US fire extinguisher patent granted to Alanson Crane, Virginia
Feb 24th - Arizona Territory created
Feb 24th - Forrest's raid on Brentwood, Tennessee
Feb 25th - Congress creates national banking system, comptroller of currency
Feb 26th - Lincoln signs National Currency Act
Feb 28th - Confederate raider "Nashville" sinks near Fort McAllister Georgia
Mar 3rd - US Congress authorizes track width of 4'8½" for Union Pacific Railroad
Mar 3rd - 1st US wartime military conscription bill enacted
US President Abraham LincolnUS President Abraham Lincoln Mar 3rd - Abraham Lincoln approves charter for National Academy of Sciences
Mar 3rd - Congress authorizes a US mint at Carson City, Nevada
Mar 3rd - Federal ironclad ships bombard Fort McAllister, Georgia
Mar 3rd - Free city delivery replaces zone postage; 449 letter carriers hired
Mar 3rd - Gold certificates (currency) authorized by Congress
Mar 3rd - Idaho Territory forms
Mar 4th - Battle of Thompson's Station, TN
Mar 4th - Territory of Idaho established
Mar 17th - Battle of Kelly's Ford, VA (211 casualities)
Mar 19th - The SS Georgiana, said to have been the most powerful Confederate cruiser, is destroyed on her maiden voyage with a cargo of munitions, medicines and merchandise then valued at over $1,000,000. The wreck was discovered on the same day and month, exactly 102 years later by then teenage diver and pioneer underwater archaeologist E. Lee Spence.
Mar 20th - Battle of Pensacola FL -evacuated by Federals
Mar 21st - Naval Engagement at Havana Cuba-USS Henrick Hudson vs BR Wild Pigeon
Mar 25th - 1st Army Medal of Honor awarded
Mar 25th - Skirmish at Brentwood Tennessee
Mar 26th - Voters in West Virginia approve gradual emancipation of slaves
President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson DavisPresident of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis Mar 27th - American Confederate President Jefferson Davis calls for this to be a day of fasting & prayer
Mar 30th - Danish prince Wilhelm Georg of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glucksburg chosen as king George of Greece
Mar 31st - Battle of Grand Gulf MS & Dinwiddie Court House VA
Apr 1st - 1st wartime conscription law in US goes into effect
Apr 2nd - Bread revolt in Richmond, Virginia
Apr 7th - Battle of Charleston SC, failed Federal fleet attack on Fort Sumter
Apr 10th - Rebel Gen Earl Van Dorn attacks at Franklin, Tenn
Apr 11th - Battle of Suffolk, VA (Norfleet House)
Apr 12th - -14] Gunboat battle at Bayou Teche Louisiana
Apr 13th - Battle of Irish Bend, LA (Ft Bisland)
Apr 13th - Hospital for Ruptured & Crippled in NY is 1st orthopedic hospital
Apr 14th - William Bullock patents continuous-roll printing press
Apr 17th - R Grierson's: La Grange, TN to Baton Rouge, LA
Apr 19th - Union troops/fleet occupy For Huger, Virginia
Apr 21st - Bahá'u'lláh, founder of the Bahá'í Faith, enters gardens of Rivden, near Baghdad. Makes the declaration of aha'u'llah during 12 days spent there
Apr 24th - Skirmish at Okolona/Birmingham, Mississippi (Grierson's Raid)
Apr 27th - Battle of Streight's raid: Tuscumbia to Cedar Bluff, AL
Apr 29th - Battle of Chancellorsville, VA (Fredericksburg, Wilderness Tavern)
Union General William Tecumseh ShermanUnion General William Tecumseh Sherman Apr 30th - -5/1] Battle of Snyder's Bluff, Virginia (part of the Vicksburg Campaign of the American Civil War): General Sherman beaten by Confederate forces
Apr 30th - Mexican forces attacked the French Foreign Legion in Hacienda Camarón, Mexico.
May 1st - Battle of Chancellorsville, VA (29,000 injured or died)
May 1st - Battle of Port Gibson, Mississippi
May 1st - Confederate "National Flag" replaces "Stars & Bars"
May 1st - Confederate congress passed resolution to kill black soldiers
May 2nd - South defeats North in Battle of Chancellorsville, Va
May 2nd - Stonewall Jackson attacks Chancellorsville, wounded by his own men
Confederate General Stonewall JacksonConfederate General Stonewall Jackson May 3rd - Battle of Fredricksburg, VA (Marye's Heights)
May 3rd - Battle of Salem Church, VA
May 4th - Battle of Chancellorsville-action at Salem Church
May 4th - End of Chancellorsville - Beaten Union army withdraws
May 5th - Battle of Tupelo, MS
May 5th - Joe Coburn KOs Mike McCoole for US boxing title in 63rd round
May 8th - Confederación Granadina becomes Estados Unidos de Colombia
May 12th - Battle of Raymond, Miss
May 14th - American Civil War: The Battle of Jackson, MS takes place.
May 16th - Battle of Champion's Hill, MS-bloodiest action of Vicksburg Campaign
May 17th - Battle of Big Black River Bridge, MS
May 17th - Rosalía de Castro publishes Cantares Gallegos, her first book in the Galician language.
May 18th - Siege of Vicksburg, MS
May 19th - Siege of Vicksburg, investment of city complete
May 21st - Siege of Port Hudson, Louisiana, begins
US President & Union General Ulysses S. GrantUS President & Union General Ulysses S. Grant May 22nd - General Ulysses S. Grant begins siege on Vicksburg
May 22nd - War Dept establishes Bureau of Colored Troops
May 23rd - Organization of the Seventh-day Adventist Church in Battle Creek, Michigan.
May 27th - CSS Chattahoochie explodes on Chattahoochie River GA, 18 die
May 27th - Siege of Port Hudson LA
May 28th - 1st black regiment (54 Mass) leaves Boston to fight in Civil War

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 139

Jan 1st - Aleko Konstantinov, Bulgarian writer (To Chicago & Back)
Jan 1st - Pierre de Coubertin, France, baron (revived Olympic games)
Jan 2nd - Lucia Zarate, became lightest known adult human (2.1 kg at 17)
Jan 12th - Vivekananda, Calcutta, Hindu religious leader/reformer
Jan 14th - Pieter Oosterlee, Dutch educator
Jan 15th - Adolph Goldschmidt, German historian
Jan 15th - Wilhelm Marx, premier (Prussia)
Jan 17th - David Lloyd George, (L-PM-Britain, 1916-22)
Jan 17th - Henry Charles Tonking, composer
Jan 17th - Konstantin S Stanislavski, Russia, director (Stanislavski Method)
Jan 19th - Werner Sombart, German fascist (Juden und das Wirtschaftsleben)
Jan 28th - Ernst William Christmas, Australian painter (d. 1918)
Jan 31st - F Henri Berz, French existensialist philosopher (Revue the Synthesis)
Feb 5th - Armand Parent, composer
Feb 7th - Mieczyslaw Soltys, composer
Feb 9th - Anthony Hope [Hopkins], London, novelist
Feb 17th - Fyodor Sologub, Russian symbolist novelist and poet (d. 1927)
Feb 19th - Emanuel Moor, composer
Feb 23rd - Franz von Stuck, German painter (Der Krieg)
Mar 1st - Alexander Golovin, Russian painter (d. 1930)
Mar 3rd - Arthur Machen, Welsh-born author (d. 1947)
Mar 4th - Reginald Innes Pocock, British zoologist (d. 1947)
Mar 4th - John Henry Wigmore, American jurist and expert in the law of evidence (d. 1943)
Mar 11th - Andrew Stoddart, cricketer (My Dear Victorious Stod)
Mar 11th - Wobbe de Vries, Dutch linguist
Mar 12th - Adolf A Wolfschoon, Curacao, poet
Mar 12th - Gabriele D'Annunzio, Italy, writer/military hero (Intruder)
Mar 12th - Vladimir Vernadsky, Russian mineralogist (d. 1945)
Mar 20th - Ernesto Nazareth, composer
Mar 21st - Hugo Kaun, composer
Mar 21st - George Owen Squier, American inventor and Major General in U.S. Signal Corp(d.1934)
Mar 23rd - Godfried CE van Daalen, Dutch general/governor of Atjeh
Mar 25th - Simon Flexner, American pathologist (d. 1946)
Mar 27th - Henry Royce, automobile founder (Rolls-Royce)
Apr 2nd - Henry C Van de Velde, Flemish painter/architect (Art Nouveau)
Apr 12th - Raul d'Avila Pompeia, Brazilian writer (Boarding School)
Apr 17th - Johannes P Boskaljon, Curacao composer/conductor
Apr 17th - Augustus Edward Hough Love, English mathematician (d. 1940)
Apr 18th - Felix Blumenfeld, composer
Apr 19th - Felix Blumenfeld, composer
Apr 22nd - Cornelis A J van Dishoeck, Dutch publisher
Apr 26th - Arno Holz, writer
Apr 26th - Charles Haslewood Shannon, lithographer/painter
Newspaper Publisher William Randolph HearstNewspaper Publisher William Randolph Hearst (Apr 29th) Apr 29th - William Randolph Hearst, San Francisco California, newspaper publisher (SF Examiner, Seattle P-I)
Apr 29th - Constantine P. Cavafy, Greek poet (d. 1933)
Apr 29th - Maria Theresa Ledochowska, Polish-Austrian Catholic nun (d. 1922)
May 5th - Frederik A Stoett, linguist (Dutch Proverbs)
May 12th - Charles Bordes, composer
May 14th - John Charles Fields, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, Canadian mathematician and founder of the Fields Medal
May 24th - George Grey Barnard, American sculptor (d. 1938)
May 26th - Robert Fitzsimmons, Boxing champion (d. 1917)
May 28th - Georg Adler, German state economist
May 29th - Arthur Mold, English cricketer (d. 1921)
May 31st - Francis E Younghusband, British journalist/explorer
Jun 2nd - Paul Felix Weingartner, Germany, conductor (Zara, Dalmatia)
Jun 4th - Edmond R H Regout, Dutch industrialist/politician
Jun 5th - Arthur Somervell, composer
Jun 10th - Louis M A Couperus, Dutch poet/writer (Eline Vere)
Jun 11th - Eduard David, German undersecretary (constitution of Weimar)
Jun 13th - Josef Venantius von Woss, composer
Jun 13th - Lady Lucy Duff Gordon, English fashion designer (d. 1935)
Jun 16th - Paul Antonin Vidal, composer
Jun 17th - Duke Charles Michael of Mecklenburg, head of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (d. 1934)
Jun 18th - George Essex Evans, Australian poet (d. 1909)
Jun 21st - Max Wolf, German astronomer (d. 1932)
Jun 25th - Emile Francqui, Belgian soldier (d. 1935)
Jun 29th - James Harvey Robinson, Ill, historian (Ordeal of Civilization)
Jul 1st - William Grant Stairs, Canadian explorer (d. 1892)
Jul 12th - Albert Calmette, French physician (d. 1933)
Jul 12th - Paul Karl Ludwig Drude, German physicist (d. 1906)
Jul 13th - Emma Mary Wooley, educator (Mary Anna Wells)
Jul 19th - Hermann Bahr, Austria writer/director (New Men)
Jul 21st - C[harles] Aubrey Smith, London England, actor (Prisoner of Zenda)
Jul 22nd - Alec Hearne, cricketer (brother of George & Frank, Kent 1884-1910)
Jul 26th - Jazeps Witols, composer
Jul 28th - Hussein Khan Nakhichevanski, Russian general (d. 1919)
Ford Motor Company Founder Henry FordFord Motor Company Founder Henry Ford (Jul 30th) Jul 30th - Henry Ford, Dearborn Township Michigan, industrialist and auto maker (Ford- model T), (d. 1947)
Aug 1st - Gaston Doumergue, premier/pres of France (1913..34)
Aug 11th - Arpad Szendy, composer
Aug 14th - Ernest Thayer, American poet (d. 1940)
Aug 15th - Alexei Krylov, Russian engineer and mathematician (d. 1945)
Aug 17th - Gene Stratton-Porter, American author and naturalist (d. 1924)
Aug 24th - Dragutin Lerman, Croatian explorer (d. 1918)
Sep 6th - Rodolfo Lenz, German/Chilian linguist (El Papiamento)
Sep 8th - Gustavo Emilio Campa, composer
Sep 13th - Arthur Henderson, Britain, socialist/disarmament worker (Nobel 1934)
Sep 15th - Horatio William Parker, composer
Sep 18th - Hermann Kutter, Swiss Christ-social theologist
Sep 21st - John Bunny, American film comedian (d. 1915)
Sep 23rd - Alexandre EJ Yersin, Swiss/French bacteriologist (bacteria plague)
Sep 23rd - Mary Church Terrell, civil rights activist
Sep 28th - Charles, Lisbon Portugal, king (1889-1908)
Sep 29th - Franz Zorell, German RC exegetist/lexicographer
Sep 29th - Hugo Haase, German SPD-German parliament/revolutionary
Sep 30th - Reinhard Scheer, German admiral (WW I)
Oct 3rd - Pyotr Kuzmich Kozlov, Russian explorer (d. 1935)
Oct 5th - Ludwig Borchardt, German Egyptologist
Oct 8th - Edythe Chapman, American actress (d. 1948)
Oct 9th - Alexander Siloti, Kharkov Russia, pianist/prof (Moscow Cons 1888-91)
Oct 10th - Louis Cyr, French Canadian strongman (d. 1912)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 3 of 3

Feb 10th - PT Barnum stages wedding of Tom Thumb & Mercy Lavinia Warren, both midgets, in NYC
Mar 10th - Prince of Wales, Albert Edward (21) weds Princess Alexandra of Denmark (18) at Windsor Castle in St. George's chapel
Impressionist painter Edouard ManetImpressionist painter Edouard Manet (Oct 28th) Oct 28th - Painter Edouard Manet (31) weds Suzanne Leenhoff (34)

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 73 of 73

Jan 2nd - Roger Weightman Hanson, Confederate brig-gen, dies in Battle of Murfreesboro at 35
Jan 9th - Ferdinand Huber, composer, dies at 71
Jan 10th - Lyman Beecher, US Presbyterian clergyman, temperance movement leader (b. 1775)
Jan 17th - E J Horace Vernet, French painter, dies at 73
Mar 11th - Sir James Outram, 1st Baronet, English general (b. 1803)
Mar 17th - John Pelham, US Confederate artillery major, dies in battle at 24
Mar 21st - Edwin Vose Sumner, US Union-general-major (Fair Oaks), dies at 66
Mar 28th - James Cooper, US attorney/senator/Union-brig-general, dies at 52
Apr 4th - Ludwig Emil Grimm, German painter and engraver (b. 1790)
Apr 8th - Joseph Netherclift, composer, dies at 70
Apr 10th - Giovanni B Amia, Italian astronomer/physicist/botanist, dies at 77
Apr 15th - Jan Nepomuk Kanka, composer, dies at 90
Apr 17th - Daniel Smith Donelson, Confederate general/cousin of Andrew Jackson, dies at 61
May 1st - Edward Dorr Tracy, US Confederate brig-general, dies in battle at 29
May 3rd - Elisha Franklin "Bull" Paxton, US Confederate brig-gen, dies at 35
May 7th - Amiel Weeks Whipple, US Union gen-major, dies of injuries at 46
Confederate General Stonewall JacksonConfederate General Stonewall Jackson (May 10th) May 10th - Thomas Jackson, ["Stonewall"], Confederate general (Civil War), dies at 39
May 14th - Emile Racine Gauthier Prudent, composer, dies at 46
May 16th - Lloyd Tilghman, Confederate brig-general, dies in battle at 47
May 27th - Edward Payson Chapin, Union Brigadier General, dies at 31
May 28th - Edmund Kirby Jr, Union-brig-gen, dies of injuries at 23
Jun 7th - Franz Xaver Gruber, composer ("Silent Night"), dies at 75
Jun 9th - Benjamin Franklin "Grimes" Davis, Union major, dies in battle at 30
Jun 17th - Isham W Garrott, US attorney/Confederate brig-general, dies in battle
Jun 26th - Andrew Hull Foote, US Union lt admiral, dies
Jun 27th - Martin E Green, Confederate brig-general, shot dead at 38
Jul 1st - John Fulton Reynolds, Union general-major, dies in battle at 42
Jul 2nd - Stephen Hinsdale Weed, US Union brig-general, dies in battle at 28
Jul 3rd - Alonzo Hersford Cushing, US Union lt, dies in battle at about 22
Jul 3rd - Lewis Addison Armistead, Confederate brigadier general Gettysburg/dies in battle at 46
Jul 3rd - Little Crow, [Ta-oya-te-duta], Santee Sioux indian chief, dies
Jul 3rd - Richard Brooke Garnett, US Confederate brig-gen, dies in battle at 45
Jul 3rd - Samuel Kosciuzko Zook, US Union general-major, dies in battle at 40
Jul 3rd - George Hull Ward, American general (b. 1826)
Jul 4th - Paul Joseph Revere, US grandson of Paul Revere/Union brig-gen, dies
Jul 6th - Strong Vincent, US Union brig-general, dies
Jul 8th - Francis P Kenrick, Irish/US archbishop of Baltimore, dies at 65
Jul 10th - Clement Clarke Moore, ('Twas the Night Before Xmas), dies at 83
Jul 10th - Paul Jones Semmes, US businessman/Confederate brig-general, dies at 48
Jul 13th - John S Bowen, US architect/Confederate gen-major, dies at 32
Jul 17th - James Johnston Pettigrew, US attorney/Confederate, dies at 35
Jul 18th - William Dorsey Pender, US Confederate gen-mjr, dies of injuries at 29
Jul 22nd - Carl Schuberth, composer, dies at 52
Jul 26th - Samuel Houston, 1st Pres of Rep of Texas (1836-38, 41-44), dies at 70
Jul 27th - William Lowndes Yancey, American Confederate leader (b. 1813)
Jul 28th - James Deshler, US Confederate brig-general, dies in battle at 30
Jul 29th - Edward Needle Kirk, US Union brig-general, dies in battle at about 35
Jul 30th - George Crockett Strong, US Union gen-mjr, dies of injuries at 29
Aug 5th - Adolf Friedrich Hesse, composer, dies at 53
Aug 8th - Angus MacAskill known as 'Giant MacAskill', circus performer (b.1825)
Aug 13th - Eugène Delacroix, French painter (b. 1798)
Aug 14th - Colin Campbell, British officer (Cawnpore), dies at 70
Aug 18th - Thomas Welsh, US Union brig-general (Antietam), dies at 39
Aug 26th - John Buchanan Floyd, US min of War (1857-60)/Confederate general, dies
Sep 6th - Lucius March Walker, Confederate brig-general (in duel), dies at 33
Sep 17th - Albartus Telting, Fries poet/2nd-Member of parliament, dies
Sep 17th - Alfred Victor Comte de Vigny, poet, dies
Sep 19th - Preston Smith, US Confederate brig-gen, dies in battle at 39
Sep 20th - Benjamin Hardin Helm, US attorney/Confederate brig-general, dies at 33
Author Jacob GrimmAuthor Jacob Grimm (Sep 20th) Sep 20th - Jakob Grimm, writer, dies at 78
Oct 2nd - Justinus van de Brugghen, lawyer/minister of Justice, dies
Oct 4th - Gerrit Schimmelpenninck, earl of Nijenhuis/Peckedam, dies at 69
Oct 21st - Lambertus GC Ledeboer, Dutch old-reformed vicar, dies at 55
Oct 31st - Louis Ludwig Blenker, German/US brig-general (Union), dies at 51
Nov 2nd - Theodore Judah, American railroad engineer (b. 1826)
Nov 13th - Carnot Posey, Confederate brig-generaal, dies at 50
Nov 15th - Frederik VII, 1st constitutional king of Denmark (childless), dies
Nov 20th - James Bruce, Count of Elgin & Kincardine, governor Jamaica, dies at 52
Nov 21st - Joseph Mayseder, composer, dies at 74
Nov 24th - Claudius Charles Wilson, Confederate brig-gen during American Civil War, dies of fever at camp in Ringgold, Georgia
Dec 13th - Friedrich Hebbel, writer, dies at 50
Dec 22nd - Michael Corcoran, Union brig-general, dies at 36
Dec 24th - W M Thackeray, writer, dies at 52

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