Today in History for Year 1869

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Months in Year 1869: January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December

Historical Events

Events 1 - 92 of 92

Jan 13th - Colored National Labor Union, 1st Black labor convention meets in Wash DC
Jan 18th - Elegant California Theater opens in SF
Jan 20th - Elizabeth Cady Stanton becomes 1st woman to testify before US Congress
Feb 2nd - James Oliver invents removable tempered steel plow blade
Feb 3rd - Booth theater at 23rd & 6th opens in NYC (Romeo & Juliet)
Feb 6th - Harper's Weekly publishes 1st picture of Uncle Sam with chin whiskers
Feb 15th - Charges of Treason against Jefferson Davis are dropped
Feb 19th - US Assay Office in Boise, Idaho authorized
Feb 20th - Tennessee Governor W C Brownlow declares martial law in Ku Klux Klan crisis
Feb 23rd - Louisiana governor signs public accommodations law
Feb 26th - 15th Amendment guaranteeing right to vote sent to states to ratify
Composer Franz SchubertComposer Franz Schubert Feb 26th - Franz Schubert's "4th Tragic," premieres
Feb 27th - John Menard is 1st black to make a speech in Congress
Mar 1st - Postage stamps showing scenes are issued for 1st time
Mar 3rd - University of South Carolina opens to all races
Mar 4th - Ulysses Grant inaugurated as 18th US President
Mar 6th - Dmitri Mendeleev presents the first periodic table to the Russian Chemical Society.
Mar 13th - Arkansas legislature passes anti-Ku Klux Klan law
Mar 14th - Defeat of Maori leader Titokowaru in New Zealand.
Mar 15th - Cincinnati Red Stockings become the 1st pro baseball team
US President & Union General Ulysses S. GrantUS President & Union General Ulysses S. Grant Mar 15th - Cincinnati Red Stockings beat Antioch 41-7
Mar 16th - Hiram R. Revels makes 1st official speech by an African American in the Senate
Apr 6th - 1st plastic, Celluloid, patented
Apr 8th - American Museum of Natural History opens (NYC)
Apr 9th - Hudson Bay Company cedes its territory to Canada
Apr 10th - Congress increases number of Supreme Court judges from 7 to 9
Apr 10th - José Martí founds the Cuban Revolutionary Party.
Apr 12th - North Carolina legislature passes anti-Klan Law
Apr 13th - Steam power brake patented (George Westinghouse)
Apr 16th - Ebenezer Bassett, 1st US Negro diplomat, begins service in Haiti
Apr 17th - 1st pro baseball games-Cin Reds 24, Cin amateurs 15
Entrepreneur and Engineer George WestinghouseEntrepreneur and Engineer George Westinghouse Apr 18th - 1st international cricket match, held in SF, wins by Californian
Apr 30th - Hawaiian YMCA organized
May 1st - Folies Bergère opens in Paris
May 4th - The Naval Battle of Hakodate takes place in Japan.
May 10th - Golden Spike driven, completes Promontory Pt Ut-Transcontinental RR
May 15th - National Woman Suffrage Association forms in New York, founded by Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton
May 16th - Cincinnati Reds play their 1st baseball game, win 41-7
May 18th - Surrender and dissolution of the Ezo Republic to Japan.
May 26th - Boston University is chartered by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.
Women's Rights Activist Elizabeth Cady StantonWomen's Rights Activist Elizabeth Cady Stanton Jun 1st - Voting machine patented (Thomas A Edison)
Jun 2nd - Cleveland's Forest City play their 1st game (vs Cin Red Stockings)
Jun 5th - 3rd Belmont: C Miller aboard Fenian wins in 3:04.25
Jun 8th - Ives W McGaffey of Chicago patents 1st vacuum cleaner
Jun 9th - Charles Elmer Hires sells his 1st root beer (Phila)
Jun 10th - 'Agnes'arrives in New Orleans with 1st ever shipment of frozen beef
Jun 15th - Celluloid patented by John Wesley Hyatt, Albany, NY
Jun 15th - Mike McCoole (US) defeats Tom Allen (England) in bare-knuckle bout
Jun 28th - Amsterdam typographer strike
Jul 1st - Dutch newspaper stamp tax repealed
Jul 1st - US mint at Carson City, Nevada opens
Jul 6th - Black candidate for lt governor of Va, Dr J H Harris, defeated
Jul 9th - Concord pipe, made from small corn kernels, invented
Jul 15th - Margarine is patented by Hippolye Méga-Mouriès for use by French Navy
Politician Louis RielPolitician Louis Riel Jul 19th - Louis Riel speaks at a meeting of Metis residents about rights, setting in motion the events now referred to as the Red River Rebellion
Jul 30th - The Charles, considered the world’s first "oil tanker", departs from the United States headed for Europe with a bulk capacity of 7,000 barrels of oil
Aug 1st - 1st voyage down Colorado River
Aug 10th - O B Brown patents moving picture projector
Aug 15th - The Meiji government in Japan establishes six new ministries, including one for Shinto.
Aug 16th - Battle of Acosta Ñu: A Paraguay battalion made up of children is massacred by the Brazilian Army during the War of the Triple Alliance.
Aug 17th - 1st international boat race (River Thames, Oxford beats Harvard)
Aug 23rd - 1st carload of freight (boots & shoes) arrives in SF, from Boston
Aug 24th - Cornelius Swarthout patents waffle iron
Sep 6th - 1st westbound train arrives in SF
Sep 6th - Mine fire kills 179 at Avondale, Pennsylvania
Sep 10th - Baptist minister supposedly invents rickshaw in Yokohama, Japan
Sep 13th - Jay Gould & James Fisk attempt to control US gold market
Composer Richard WagnerComposer Richard Wagner Sep 22nd - Richard Wagner's opera "Rhine Gold" premieres in Munich
Sep 24th - Black Friday; Wall St panic after Gould & Fisk attempt to corner gold
Oct 1st - 1st postcards are issued (Vienna, Austria)
Oct 5th - A strong hurricane devastates the Bay of Fundy region of Maritime Canada. The storm had been predicted over a year before by a British naval officer.
Oct 6th - John Brahms' "Liebeslieder Walzer" premieres
Oct 16th - Hotel in Boston becomes 1st to have indoor plumbing
Oct 18th - Henrik Ibsen's "De Unges Forbund," premieres in Christiania (Oslo)
Oct 21st - 1st shipment of fresh oysters comes overland from Baltimore
Oct 26th - 1st American steeplechase horserace (Westchester, NY)
Nov 1st - Deli Me forms T B V tobacco in Sumatra
Nov 3rd - Canada's Hamilton Foot Ball Club forms
Nov 6th - 1st intercollegiate football (soccer) game (Rutgers 6, Princeton 4)
Nov 15th - Free postal delivery formally inaugurated
Nov 17th - Englishman James Moore wins 1st bicycle race (13K Paris-Rouen)
Nov 17th - Suez Canal (Egypt) opens, links Mediterranean & Red seas
Nov 23rd - In Dumbarton, Scotland, the clipper Cutty Sark is launched - one of the last clippers ever to be built, and the only one still surviving to this day.
Nov 24th - American Woman's Suffrage Association forms (Cleveland)
Dec 8th - 20th Roman Catholic ecumenical council, Vatican I, opens in Rome
Dec 8th - Timothy Eaton founds T. Eaton Co. Limited in Toronto, Canada.
Dec 9th - Noble Order of Knights of Labor founded, Philadelphia
Dec 10th - Women suffrage (right to vote) granted in Wyoming Territory (US 1st)
Dec 10th - The first American chapter of Kappa Sigma is founded at the University of Virginia.
Dec 18th - Canada's Hamilton Foot Ball Club plays its 1st game
Dec 28th - William Finley Semple of Mount Vernon, Ohio, patents chewing gum
Dec 30th - Philadelphia Knights of Labor forms

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 131

Jan 3rd - Paul Charles Rene Landormy, composer
Jan 4th - Percy Pitt, composer
Jan 4th - Tommy Corcoran, American baseball player (d. 1960)
Jan 13th - Emanuele F, duke of Aosta, Italian general (WW I)/fascist
Jan 15th - Stanisław Wyspiański, Polish dramatist (d. 1907)
Jan 18th - Willem De Vreese, Flemish linguist/biblographer
Jan 19th - Alfred R Zimmerman, mayor (Rotterdam 1906-22)/Dir (League of Nations)
Jan 22nd - Grigori Rasputin, Russian monk and confidant of Russian Tsar Nicholas II (d. 1916)
Jan 23rd - Carlo Felice Boghen, composer
Jan 23rd - Herbert David Croly, US author (Promise of American Life)
Jan 27th - Will Marion Cook, composer
Jan 29th - Andrey Vladimirovich Scherbachov, composer
Jan 31st - Henri Carton de Wiart, Belgian Count/literary/premier (1920-21)
Feb 1st - Johannes F "Frits" Bakker Sr, actor (Holland Tooneelgezelschap)
Feb 7th - Jindrich S Baar, Czech pastor/writer (Jan Cimbura)
Feb 10th - Vasily Pavovlich Kalafati, composer
Feb 11th - Helene Kroller-Muller, Dutch museum founder (d. 1939)
Feb 11th - Else Lasker-Schüler, German writer (d. 1945)
Feb 12th - Hendrik P Marchant, Dutch minister of Education/Arts (VVD)
Feb 14th - Charles Wilson, English physicist (Wilson cloud chamber-Nobel)
Feb 23rd - Nadezhda Konstantinova Krupskaya, Russian revolutionary (Soc-Dem)
Feb 26th - Nadezjda K Krupskaja, Russian revolutionary/wife of Lenin
Feb 27th - Alice Hamilton, physician/writer (workmen's compensation laws)
Mar 3rd - Henry J Wood, English conductor (Gentle Art of Singing, Proms)
Mar 5th - Michael von Faulhaber, cardinal/archbishop of Munich
Mar 7th - Ernst J Cohen, Dutch chemist
Mar 14th - Algernon Blackwood, British writer (d. 1951)
Mar 15th - Stanisław Wojciechowski, President of Poland (d. 1953)
Mar 16th - F. A. Forbes, Scottish author (d. 1936)
British Prime Minister Neville ChamberlainBritish Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain (Mar 18th) Mar 18th - [Arthur] Neville Chamberlain, Birmingham, British Prime Minister (C, 1937-40)
Mar 21st - Albert Kahn, Rhaunen Prussia, American architect (architect of Detroit)
Mar 21st - Florenz Ziegfeld, producer (Ziegfield Follies)
Mar 22nd - Emilio Aguinaldo, 1st President of the Philippines (1899-1901) (d. 1964)
Mar 25th - Gustaaf DFL Schamelhout, Flemish physician/writer
Mar 27th - James McNeill, Irish politician (d. 1938)
Mar 29th - Ales Hrdlicka, US, anthropologist/curator (US National Museum)
Mar 29th - Edwin Lutyens, architect, London
Apr 1st - Peter A Egge, Norwegian writer (De Droom)
Apr 5th - Albert Roussel, Tourcoing France, composer (Rapsodie Flamende)
Revolutionary General and 1st President of the Philippines Emilio AguinaldoRevolutionary General and 1st President of the Philippines Emilio Aguinaldo (Mar 22nd) Apr 5th - Sergei Chaplygin, Russian physicist and engineer (d. 1942)
Apr 6th - Louis Raemakers, Dutch draftsman/painter
Apr 7th - David Grandison Fairchild, US, botanist/explorer, brought plants to US
Apr 8th - Harvey Cushing, US, neurosurgeon (blood pressure studies)
Apr 11th - Kasturba Gandhi, Wife of Mohandas Gandhi (d. 1944)
Apr 11th - Gustav Vigeland, Norwegian sculptor (d. 1943)
Apr 12th - Henri-Desire Landru, French sex murderer
Apr 17th - Johannes M Meulenhoff, Dutch publisher
Apr 25th - Karl Prohaska, composer
Apr 27th - William Victor Harris, composer
Apr 30th - Hans Poelzig, German architect (d. 1936)
May 2nd - Tyrone Power Sr, actor (Alexanders Ragtime Band), born in London, England
May 5th - Hans Pfitzner, Russian-born composer (d. 1949)
May 6th - Joseph Cuvelier, Belgian historian/archivist
May 11th - Francisco Lacerda, composer
May 18th - Ruprecht, crown prince of Bavaria/general-fieldmarshall
May 19th - Jules Poncelet, Belgian minister of State
May 19th - Henry Horatio Dixon, Dublin, Irish Biologist who originated the cohesion-tension theory of water and mineral movement in plants
Jun 2nd - Jack O'Connor, baseball player (d. 1937)
Jun 3rd - Maria Radulphus, inspector on Curacao (Radulphus College)
Jun 4th - Boudouin LPMCAJL, prince of Belgium/count of Vlaanderen
Jun 6th - Siegfried Wagner, German opera composer/conductor
Jun 10th - Gustave Vanzype, Belgian literary/headed La Gazette
Jun 13th - Ede Poldini, composer
Jun 22nd - Hendrikus Colijn, Dutch premier (AR 1933-39)
Jun 26th - Martin Andersen Nexø, Danish writer (d. 1954)
Jun 27th - Emma Goldman, anarchist/publisher (Mother Earth)
Jun 27th - Kate Carew, American caricaturist (d. 1961)
Jun 27th - Hans Spemann, German embryologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1941)
Jul 1st - William Strunk Jr., American grammarian (d. 1946)
Jul 4th - Karl Seitz, president of Austria
Jul 8th - William V Moody, US poet (Death of Eve, Faith Healer)
Jul 14th - Owen Wister, US, novelist (Virginian)
Jul 29th - Booth Tarkington, US, novelist (17, Magnificent Ambersons)
Aug 9th - Randle Ayrton, Chester England, actor (Manxman)
Aug 10th - Lawrence Binyon, Vienna Austria, poet (Symbolic Wounds)
Aug 14th - Edvard Armas Jornefelt, Vyborg Finland, composer (Berceuse)
Aug 23rd - Edgar Lee Masters, poet/novelist (Spoon River Anthology)
Aug 23rd - James (Sunny Jim) Rolph, SF mayor (1912-31), MUNI backer
Aug 27th - Karl Haushofer, soldier/geographer
Sep 4th - Geert A D Wumkes, Frisian theologist/writer (Frision Movement)
Sep 6th - Felix Salten, [Siegmund Salzmann], Austria journalist (Bambi)
Sep 6th - Walford Davies, composer
Sep 7th - Margot SE Scharten-Antink, Dutch author (Catherina, Sprotje)
Sep 10th - Caro Roma, composer
Sep 14th - Kid Nichols, American baseball player (d. 1953)
Sep 17th - Christian Lange, Norway, pacifist/internationalist (Nobel 1921)
Sep 20th - George Robey, [George Edward Wade], comic
Sep 20th - Marcel Cachin, co-founder (French Communistic Party)
Sep 21st - Henryk Melcer-Szczawinski, composer
Cook Typhoid MaryCook Typhoid Mary (Sep 23rd) Sep 23rd - Mary Mallon, Cookstown County Tyrone, Irish-American patient best known as 'Typhoid Mary' and the first person in the United States known to be immune to typhoid, as a carrier of the disease she infected at least 51 people in the New York City area
Sep 26th - Komitas, Armenian composer (d. 1935)
Sep 30th - Ernest Jones, cricket pace bowler (marvellous Aust at turn of century)
Oct 2nd - Mahatma Gandhi [Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi], Porbandar Kathiawad India, pacifist and spiritual leader, (d. 1948)
Oct 3rd - Alfred Flatow, German Olympic champion gymnast (d. 1942)
Oct 8th - J Frank Duryea, inventor (1st auto built & operated in US)
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma GandhiPacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi (Oct 2nd) Oct 9th - Harry Lawrence Freeman, composer
Oct 11th - Gordon Frederic Norton, composer
Oct 14th - Joseph Duveen, England, art connoisseur (Elgin marbles)
Oct 23rd - Jacobus H "Koos" Speenhoff, Dutch singer
Oct 23rd - John Heisman, American pioneering football coach/trophy namesake, born in Cleveland, Ohio

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 4 of 4

Abolitionist Harriet TubmanAbolitionist Harriet Tubman (Mar 18th) Mar 18th - US Abolitionist Harriet Tubman marries civil war veteran Nelson Davis in Auburn NY
Jun 3rd - Composer Georges Bizet (30) weds Genevieve Halevy
Aug 7th - Inventor Ferdinand von Zeppelin (31) weds Isabella Freiin von Wolff from the house of Alt-Schwanenburg
Oct 18th - Sardinia king Victor Emmanuel II (49) weds his mistress Rosa Vercellana (36) in Italy

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 45 of 45

Jan 1st - Martin W. Bates, American politician (b. 1786)
Jan 17th - Alexander Sergeyevich Dargomyzhsky, composer, dies at 55
Jan 26th - Duncan Gordon Boyes, English recipient of the Victoria Cross (b. 1846)
Jan 28th - Prudent-Louis Aubery du Boulley, composer, dies at 72
Jan 30th - William Carleton, Irish novelist (b. 1794)
Feb 1st - Frederik W Conrad, hydraulic engineer/railway pioneer, dies at 68
Feb 4th - Johan M Dautzenberg, Flemish author/novelist (Future), dies at 60
Feb 15th - Mirza Ghalib, Indian poet (b. 1796)
Mar 1st - Alphonse MLP de Lamartine, Fr poet (History of Girondins), dies at 78
Mar 8th - Louis Hector Berlioz, French composer (Symphony Fantastic), dies at 65
Mar 11th - Vladimir Odoevsky, Russian philosopher (b. 1803)
Mar 19th - Guillaume Nerenburger, Belgian general (triangulatie), dies at 64
Mar 23rd - Charles Lucas, composer, dies at 60
Mar 24th - Antoine-Henri Jomini, French general (b. 1779)
Apr 1st - Anthony G O Ridder van Rappard, Min of Reformed Worship, dies at 69
Apr 20th - Johann Carl Gottfried Loewe, composer, dies at 72
Apr 20th - Piotr Studzinski, composer, dies at 42
May 10th - Wilhelm Bernhard Molique, composer, dies at 66
May 29th - Philippe Vandermaelen, Flemish cartographer/publisher, dies at 73
Jun 15th - Albert Grisar, composer, dies at 60
Jun 16th - Charles Sturt, English explorer (b. 1795)
Jun 20th - Toshizou Hijikata, Shinsengumi vice-commander (b. 1835)
Jul 15th - A J Haynes, US army captain and civil war veteren, assassinated by KKK
Jul 22nd - John A. Roebling, German-American civil engineer (Brooklyn Bridge), (b. 1806)
Jul 28th - Carl G Carus, German arts/psychologist/philosopher, dies
Jul 28th - Jan Evangelista Purkyně, Czech anatomist (b. 1787)
Aug 2nd - Alexandrine Tinne, Dutch explorer/photographer, murdered at 30+
Aug 26th - Henri Leys, Flemish painter, dies at 54
Aug 31st - Mary Ward, Irish scientist, first automobile accident victim (b. 1827)
Sep 17th - Peter M Roget, England, lexographer (Roget's Thesaurus), dies
Sep 28th - Libri, mathematician, dies
Oct 8th - Franklin Peirce, 14th president (1853-1857), dies in Concord NH at 64
14th US President Franklin Pierce14th US President Franklin Pierce (Oct 8th) Oct 8th - Franklin Pierce, 14th President of the United States, dies at 64
Oct 13th - Charles-Augustin Sainte-Beuve, Fren writer (Tableau Historique), dies
Oct 22nd - Michael Sars, Norwegian zoologist, dies at 64
Oct 23rd - Jean-Baptiste-Joseph Tolbecque, Belgian composer, dies at 72
Oct 24th - Joseph Jackson Lister, British optician who perfected the optical microscope by designing the achromatic objective lens, dies at 83
Nov 3rd - Andreas Kalvos, Greek poet (b. 1792)
Nov 4th - George Peabody, American-British entrepreneur and philanthropist who founded the Peabody Trust and the Peabody Institute, dies at 74
Nov 12th - Gheorghe Asachi, author/humanist (1st newspaper in Moldavia), dies
Nov 16th - Hamiora Pere is hanged for treason at the Terrace Gaol, Wellington - only New Zealander ever to be executed for treason
Dec 6th - Jan de Liefde II, Dutch vicar/author (People's Welfare), dies at 54
Dec 18th - Louis Moreau Gottschalk, composer, dies at 40
Dec 24th - Edwin M[cMasters] Stanton, US Secretary of War (1861-65), dies at 55
Dec 26th - Jean Louis Marie Poiseuille, French physiologist (b. 1797)

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