Today in History for Year 1871

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Months in Year 1871: January February March April May June July August September October November December

Historical Events

Events 1 - 89 of 89

Jan 1st - Belgium disbands salt tax
Jan 2nd - King Amadeus I of Spain inaugurated at 25
Jan 3rd - Oleomargarine patented by Henry Bradley, Binghamton, NY
Jan 16th - Jefferson Long of Georgia sworn in as 2nd black congressman
Jan 17th - 1st cable car patented, by Andrew S Hallidie (begins service in 1873)
Jan 18th - 2nd German Empire proclaimed by Kaiser Wilhelm I & Bismarck
Jan 19th - 1st Negro lodge of US Masons approved, New Jersey
Jan 26th - British Rugby Union forms
Jan 26th - US income tax repealed
Jan 28th - Paris surrenders to Prussians
Jan 31st - Millions of birds fly over western SF, darkening the sky
Feb 1st - Jefferson Long of Georgia is 1st black to make an official speech in House of Reps (opposing leniency to former Confederates)
German Statesman Otto Von BismarckGerman Statesman Otto Von Bismarck Feb 9th - Federal fish protection office authorized by Congress
Feb 27th - Meeting of Alabama claims commission
Feb 28th - 2nd Enforcement Act gives federal control of congressional elections
Mar 1st - J Milton Turner named minister to Liberia
Mar 3rd - US Congress changes Indian tribes status from independent to dependent
Mar 3rd - US Congress establishes the civil service system
Mar 16th - 1st fertilizer law enacted
Mar 17th - National Association of Professional Base-Ball players organized
Mar 18th - Communards revolt in Paris
Mar 21st - Journalist Henry M Stanley begins his famous expedition to Africa
Mar 21st - Otto Von Bismarck elevated to rank of Fürst (Prince)
Mar 22nd - William Holden of NC becomes 1st governor removed by impeachment
Mar 26th - Paris Commune founded
Mar 27th - 1st international rugby game-Scotland 1, England 0
Mar 28th - SF Art Association holds open reception at 430 Pine
Mar 29th - Royal Albert Hall opened by Queen Victoria in London
Apr 10th - William Hammond Hall's maps & surveys of Golden Gate Park accepted
Apr 14th - Canada sets denominations of currency as dollars, cents, & mills
Apr 16th - German Empire ends all anti-Jewish civil restrictions
Apr 20th - 3rd Enforcement Act (President can suspend writ of habeas corpus)
Apr 23rd - Blossom Rock in SF Bay blown up
Apr 30th - The Camp Grant Massacre of Apaches in Arizona Territory, perpetrated by white & Mexican adventurers; 144 die
May 4th - 1st baseball league game (National Association of Baseball Players), (Ft Wayne 2, Cleveland 0) Deacon Jim White gets 1st hit, a double
May 8th - British-US treaty ends Alabama dispute
May 10th - Peace of Frankfurt-am-Main concluded between France & Germany ends Franco-Prussian war
May 12th - Segregated street cars integrated in Louisville, Ky
Union General William Tecumseh ShermanUnion General William Tecumseh Sherman May 17th - Indian fighter General William T. Sherman escapes Comanches in an ambulance
May 21st - -July 28] French regular troops attack Commune of Paris; 17,000 die
May 28th - Paris communards revolt put down
Jun 3rd - Jesse James & his gang robs Obocock Bank (Corydon Iowa), of $15,000
Jun 10th - 5th Belmont: W Miller aboard Harry Basset wins in 2:56
Jun 10th - Sinmiyangyo: Captain McLane Tilton leads 109 Marines in naval attack on Han River forts on Kanghwa Island, Korea.
Jun 13th - Hurricane kills 300 in Labrador
Jun 15th - Phoebe Couzins is 1st woman graduate of a US collegiate law school
Outlaw Jesse JamesOutlaw Jesse James Jun 16th - Ancient Arabic Order of Nobles of Mystic Shrine founded, NYC
Jun 16th - The University Tests Act allows students to enter the Universities of Oxford, Cambridge and Durham without religious tests, except for courses in theology.
Jun 20th - Ku Klux Klan trials began in federal court in Oxford Miss
Jun 30th - Guatemala revolts for agrarian reforms
Jul 1st - The decimal currency system is made uniform in Canada
Jul 3rd - Jesse James robs bank in Corydon, Iowa ($45,000)
Jul 5th - Trial against Kiowa chief Satanta (White Bear) & Big Tree, begins
Jul 20th - British Columbia joins the confederation of Canada.
Jul 25th - Carousel patents by Wilhelm Schneider, Davenport, Iowa
Aug 29th - Emperor Meiji orders the Abolition of the han system and the establishment of prefectures as local centers of administration. (Traditional Japanese date: July 14, 1871).
Sep 7th - Bay of Biscay: British warship HMS Captain capsizes, 500 killed
Sep 17th - Mont Cenis railway tunnel Switzerland opens
Sep 20th - Bishop John Coleridge Patteson martyred on the island of Nukapu, a Polynesian outlier island now in the Temotu province of the Solomon Islands. He was the first bishop of Melanesia.
Oct 1st - General Dutch Werkliedenverbond (ANWV), forms in Utrecht
Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church Brigham YoungFounder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church Brigham Young Oct 2nd - Brigham Young, mormon leader, arrested for bigamy
Oct 6th - Fisk Jubilee Singers begin 1st national tour
Oct 7th - 16-hour fire injures 30 of Chicago's 185 firefighters
Oct 8th - Gas explosion destroys Peshtigo, Wisconsin
Oct 8th - Great Fire kills 200, destroys over 4 square miles (10 square km) of Chicago buildings, & original Emancipation Proclamation
Oct 11th - Great Chicago Fire is finally extinguished after 3 days, 300 killed
Oct 12th - US President Grant condemns Ku Klux Klan
Oct 13th - The Delphic Fraternity is founded as the Delphic Society at the State Normal School in Geneseo, New York.
Oct 17th - Great Britain annexes Griqualand South Africa
Oct 17th - President Grant suspends writ of habeas corpus during US Civil War
Oct 21st - 1st US amateur outdoor athletic games (NY)
Oct 23rd - Columbia & Sappho (US) beat Livonia (UK) in 3rd America's Cup
Oct 24th - Mob in LA hangs 18 Chinese
Oct 27th - Boss Tweed (William Macy Tweed), Democratic leader of Tammany Hall, arrested after NY Times exposed his corruption
Oct 30th - Phila Athletics beat Chicago for 1st Natl Association baseball pennant
Oct 31st - Founding of Netherland Protestant Union in Dokkum
Nov 6th - Cameroon reaches coast of Angola after trip through Africa
Physician and Explorer David LivingstonePhysician and Explorer David Livingstone Nov 10th - Henry Morton Stanley in Ujiji, Central Africa, encounters David Livingstone with the immortal words 'Dr Livingstone, I presume?'
Nov 18th - American suffragette Susan B Anthony arrested after voting on the 5th November in Rochester NY
Nov 21st - Moses F Gale patents a cigar lighter (NYC)
Nov 21st - The 1st human cannonball, Emilio Onra, is shot
Nov 23rd - Railway bridge over Dutch Deep opens
Nov 24th - National Rifle Association organized (NYC)
Nov 28th - Ku Klux Klan trials began in Federal District Court in South Carolina
Dec 12th - Jules Janssen discovers dark lines in solar corona spectrum
Dec 19th - Albert L Jones (NYC), patents corrugated paper
Dec 24th - Giusseppi Verdi's "Aida" premieres in Cairo, at the opening of the Suez canal
Dec 26th - Gilbert and Sullivan collaborate for the first time, on their lost opera, Thespis. It does modestly well, but the two would not collaborate again for four years.
Dec 27th - World's 1st cat show (Crystal Palace, London)

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 140

Jan 5th - Frederick Shepherd Converse, Newton Mass, composer
Jan 7th - Émile Borel, French mathematician and politician (d. 1956)
Jan 8th - James Craig, 1st Viscount Craigavon, Irish politician (d. 1940)
Jan 9th - Charles Kortright, British(?) cricket player
Jan 10th - Enrica Freiin von Handel-Manzetti, Austrian author (Jesse & Maria)
Jan 12th - Paul Guthnick, German astronomer
Jan 14th - Pauline Beersmans, [PLJM van Cuyck], Flemish actress (Hofslachter)
Jan 15th - Bertram Shapleigh, composer
British Admiral of the Fleet David BeattyBritish Admiral of the Fleet David Beatty (Jan 17th) Jan 17th - David Beatty, Nantwich, Cheshire, 1st Earl Beatty and British Admiral of the Fleet
Jan 22nd - Leon Jessel, composer
Jan 26th - Warner Fabian, [Samuel H Adams], US journalist/writer (Average Jones)
Jan 29th - Eduardo Lopez-Chavarri y Marco, composer
Jan 30th - Seymour Hicks, St Helier Jersey, actor-manager (Scrooge)
Jan 30th - Wilfred Lucas, actor (Pardon Us, Chump at Oxford)
Feb 4th - Friedrich Ebert, German politician, 1st Reichspräsident of the Weimar Republic (d. 1925)
Feb 5th - Jovan Ducic, Serb poet (Blue Legends)
Feb 7th - Karl Wilhelm Eugen Stenhammer, composer
Feb 9th - Franc S Finzgar, Slovenian clergyman/writer (Our Blood)
Feb 9th - Howard T Ricketts, US pathologist (studied typhus fever)
Feb 14th - Gerda Lundequist, Swedish actress (d. 1959)
Feb 18th - Harry Brearley, English inventor (d. 1948)
Feb 25th - Oliver Samuel Campbell, tennis champ (US Open-1890)
Mar 1st - Ben Harney, American composer and ragtime pianist (d. 1938)
Mar 3rd - Maurice Garin, French cyclist (d. 1957)
Mar 4th - Boris Galerkin, Russian mathematician (d. 1945)
Mar 5th - Maria do Carmo Geronimo, Brazilian lives to be at least 126
Mar 5th - Rosa Luxemburg, Socialist revolutionary (d. 1919)
Mar 15th - Betsy van den Arend, Dutch [Betje], actress (Miss Hobbs)
Mar 19th - Joseph McGinnity, Rock Island Ill, baseball pitcher (NY Giants)
Mar 19th - Schofield Haigh, cricketer ("Sunshine of the Yorkshire 11")
Mar 26th - Prince Jonah Kūhiō Kalaniana'ole of the Kingdom of Hawaii (d. 1922)
Mar 27th - Heinrich Mann, Germany, novelist/essayist (Blue Angel); bros of Thomas
Mar 27th - Petrus J M Aalberse, Dutch minister of Labor (1918-25)
Mar 28th - Willem Mengelberg, Utrecht Neth, conductor (NY Philharmonic 1922-30)
Mar 29th - Tom Hayward, cricketer (great England batsman of the Golden Age)
Mar 31st - Arthur Griffith, President of Ireland (d. 1922)
Apr 1st - F Melius Christiansen, composer
Apr 3rd - Jose Juan Tablada, Mexican poet (El Florilegio)
Apr 5th - Jeanne Bougeois, [La Mistinguette], artist (French revue)
Apr 5th - Mirko Seljan, Croatian explorer (d. 1913?)
Apr 6th - Alexander, grandson of England's Queen Victoria
Apr 8th - Clarence Hudson White American photographer (d. 1925)
Apr 9th - Arthur Fickenscher, composer
Apr 12th - Ioannis Metaxas, Greek general/dictator (1936-41)
Apr 16th - John Millington Synge, Ireland, dramatist/poet (Riders to the Sea)
Apr 16th - Martin Lunssens, composer
Apr 18th - Henry Stephenson, Brit WI, actor (Conquest, Little Old NY, Mr Lucky)
Apr 20th - William Henry Davies, Wales, poet (Autobiography of a Super Tramp)
Apr 21st - Leo Blech, composer
Apr 21st - Vojtech Rihovsky, composer
Apr 25th - Sara Amsel, Indonesian/Dutch actress
Apr 27th - Arthur Finlay Nevin, composer
Apr 29th - Louis William Stern, German/US philosopher (Intelligence of Children)
May 4th - Mynona, writer
May 5th - Alberto Cametti, composer
May 6th - August Reusner, composer
May 6th - Ch Morgenstern, writer
May 6th - Victor Grignard, French chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1935)
May 11th - Frank Schlesinger, American astronomer (d. 1943)
May 17th - Henricus P Bremmer, art historian (Modern Kunstwerken)
May 18th - Franiska zu Reventlow, writer
May 23rd - Sigurd Lie, composer
May 26th - Camille Huysmans, Belgian premier (1946-47)
May 27th - Georges-Henri Rouault, Fr expressionist painter (Miserere et Guerre)
May 30th - Olga Engl, Austrian actress (d. 1946)
Jun 14th - Jacob Ellehammer, Danish inventor (d. 1946)
Jun 17th - James Weldon Johnson, lawyer (1st black admitted to Florida Bar)
Jun 17th - Nicolae Iorga, writer/poet/literature historian/pres of Romania
Jun 22nd - William McDougall, British psychologist and polymath (d. 1938)
Jul 3rd - Vicente Arregui Garay, composer
Jul 8th - Clement Harris, composer
Jul 8th - Kornelis ter Laan, 1st Dutch socialist mayor (Zaandam)
Jul 10th - Marcel Proust, France, novelist (Remembrance of Things Past)
Jul 11th - Stjepan Radic, founder/leader (Croatian Farmers' Party)
Jul 15th - Kunikida Doppo, Japanese writer (d. 1908)
Jul 17th - Lyonel C A Feininger, US cartoonist/painter
Jul 18th - Giacomo Balla, Italian painter (Dog at a Rope)
Jul 18th - Sada Yacco, Japanese stage actress (d. 1946)
Jul 22nd - Akos Buttykai, composer
Aug 1st - Oskar Fried, composer
Aug 1st - John Lester, American cricketer (d. 1969)
Aug 2nd - John French Sloan, American artist (d. 1951)
Aug 3rd - Vernon Louis Parrington, author (Romantic Revolution, Pulitzer 1928)
Aug 6th - Emanuel Querido, [Joost Mendes], author/publisher
Aug 8th - William Henry Squire, composer
Aug 13th - Karl Liebknecht, German revolutionary marxist (Sparta Party)
Aug 16th - Zakhary Petrovich Paliashvili, composer
Aug 18th - Johan J Arch, graphic artist (wood cutter)
Aviator Orville WrightAviator Orville Wright (Aug 19th) Aug 19th - Orville Wright, Dayton OH, aviator (Wright Brothers), (d. 1912)
Aug 21st - Leonid N Andrejev, Russian journalist/writer (Red Laugh)
Aug 27th - Theodore Dreiser, US, novelist (Sister Carie, American Tragedy)
Aug 29th - Albert Lebrun, French politician (d. 1950)
Aug 30th - Ernest Rutherford, 1st Baron Rutherford of Nelson, New Zealand physicist and father of nuclear physics (Nobel 1908), (d. 1937)
Aug 31st - James E. Ferguson, Texan governor (d. 1944)
Sep 1st - J. Reuben Clark, Jr., American Undersecretary of State (d. 1961)
Sep 10th - Charles Collett, British mechanical engineer (d. 1952)
Scientist Ernest RutherfordScientist Ernest Rutherford (Aug 30th) Sep 12th - Friedrich, Prince of Liechtenstein, Romania
Sep 13th - Alma Kruger, Pittsburgh PA, actress (Made For Each Other)
Sep 19th - Fritz Schaudinn, German animal expert (examined syphilis)
Sep 21st - Ernst Heldring, Dutch merchant/ship owner/financier

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 4 of 4

25th US President William McKinley25th US President William McKinley (Jan 25th) Jan 25th - US President William McKinley (27) weds Ida Saxton (23) at the First Presbyterian Church in Canton
Jun 14th - Impressionist painter Camille Pissarro (40) weds Julie Vellay in London
Dec 25th - Inventor Thomas Edison (24) marries 1st wife Mary Stilwell (16)
Dec 25th - Writer Ambrose Bierce (29) weds Mary Ellen Day

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 46 of 46

Jan 10th - Pierre A du Terrail, French writer, dies at 41
Jan 21st - John J Rochussen, gov-general of Neth-Indies (1845-51), dies at 73
Jan 29th - Philippe-Joseph Aubert de Gaspé, French Canadian writer and Seigneur (b. 1786)
Feb 1st - Alexander Nikoleyevich Serov, composer, dies at 51
Feb 7th - Heinrich Engelhard Steinweg, piano manufacturer (Steinway & Sons) (b. 1797)
Feb 20th - Paul Kane, Irish-born painter (b. 1810)
Feb 26th - Charles Niellon, Belgian brigade general, dies at 76
Mar 18th - Augustus De Morgan, Indian-born British mathematician and logician (b. 1806)
Mar 19th - Wilhelm Karl Ritter von Haidinger, Austrian mineralogist (b. 1795)
Mar 20th - Antonio Buzzolla, composer, dies at 56
Mar 22nd - Johnny Cuzens, cricketer (Australian aboriginal tourist 1868), dies
Mar 30th - W F A A Louisa/Lovisa, queen of Sweden/Norway, dies at 42
Apr 5th - Georg Andreas Henkel, composer, dies at 66
Apr 7th - Alexander, grandson of English queen Victoria, dies at 1 day old
Apr 7th - Wilhelm Freiherr von Tegetthoff, Aus adm (Helgoland/Lissa), dies at 43
Apr 7th - Alexander Lloyd, Mayor of Chicago (b. 1805)
Apr 8th - Charles-Louis Hanssens, composer, dies at 68
Apr 18th - Omar Pasha, [Michael Lats], Croatian governor, dies at 64
Apr 21st - Elisabeth Grube, writer, dies
Apr 27th - Sigismond Fortune Francois Thalberg, composer, dies at 59
Apr 29th - John Gelinde van Blom, Fries notary/author, dies at 75
May 7th - Louis Papineau, political reformer, dies
May 11th - John Herschel, cataloguer of southern hemisphere stars, dies at 79
May 12th - Daniel-Francois-Esprit Auber, French opera composer, dies at 89
May 12th - John F W Herschel, British astronomer (Catalogue of Nebulae), dies
May 24th - Francisco Salvador Daniel, composer, dies at 40
May 26th - Aime Maillart, composer, dies at 54
Jun 7th - Thomas Jackson Rodman, American military inventor of the rodman gun and perforated-cake gunpowder, dies on duty at 54
Jun 8th - Satank, Kiowa indian chief, shot to death
Jul 5th - Cristina di Trivulzio di Belgioioso, Italian princess, dies
Jul 6th - Antonio de Castro Alves, Brazilian poet (O navio negreiro), dies at 34
Jul 16th - Tad Lincoln, son of U.S. president Abraham Lincoln
Jul 17th - Karl Tausig, composer, dies at 29
Aug 27th - William Whiting Boardman, American politician (b. 1794)
Sep 3rd - Vaclav Horak, composer, dies at 71
Sep 7th - Cowper Phipps Coles, English inventor (Steel warships), drowns
Sep 7th - Mehmed E Ali Pasja, Turkish statesman, dies
Sep 8th - Etienne-Joseph Soubre, composer, dies at 57
Sep 12th - Karl Collan, Finnish composer, dies at 43
Sep 23rd - Alexander N Afanasjev, Russian story teller, dies at 45
Sep 25th - Arvir A Afzelius, Swedish story teller, dies
Sep 26th - Philip Cipriani Hambly Potter, composer, dies at 78
Inventor Charles BabbageInventor Charles Babbage (Oct 20th) Oct 20th - Charles Babbage, English mathematician/inventor (calculator), dies of renal failure at 79
Nov 22nd - Oscar J Dunn, (Lt Gov-La), dies suddenly, charges he was poisoned
Dec 16th - Willibald Alexis, German writer (Schloss Avalon), dies at 73
Dec 29th - Ferdinand Marcucci, composer, dies at 71

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