Today in History for Year 1880

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Months in Year 1880: January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December

Historical Events

Events 1 - 71 of 71

Jan 1st - Building of Panama Canal, begins
Jan 6th - Record snow cover in Seattle - 120 cm
Jan 9th - 6' (1.8 metres) of snow falls in Seattle in 5 days
Jan 9th - The Great Gale of 1880 devastates parts of Oregon and Washington with high wind and heavy snow.
Jan 21st - 1st US sewage disposal system separate from storm drains, Memphis, Tennessee
Jan 27th - Thomas Edison patents electric incandescent lamp
Feb 1st - The first edition of theatrical newspaper The Stage is published.
Feb 2nd - SS Strathleven arrives in London with 1st Australian frozen mutton
Feb 4th - Steele MacKay's "Hazel Kirke," premieres in NYC
Feb 4th - The Black donnelly massacre. James (63), Johannah (56), John (32), Thomas (25) and Bridget (21) Donnelly are murdered in their home by members of the Vigilance Committee
Squatter James DonnellySquatter James Donnelly Feb 10th - Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Arcanum about Christian marriage
Feb 12th - US National Croquet League organizes (Phila)
Feb 13th - Work begins on the covering of the Senne, burying Brussels's primary river and creating the modern central boulevards.
Feb 16th - American Society of Mechanical Engineers forms (NYC)
Feb 17th - Tsar Alexander II of Russia survives an assassination attempt
Feb 29th - Gotthard railway tunnel between Switzerland & Italy completed
Mar 4th - NY Daily Graphic publishes 1st half-tone engraving, by S H Horgan
Mar 10th - General Wolseley opens new legislative council in Pretoria
Mar 10th - Salvation Army of England sets up US welfare & religious activity
Mar 23rd - Flour rolling mill patented (John Stevens of Wisc)
Mar 24th - Tobacco Growers' Mutual Insurance Company incorporates in CT
Mar 31st - 1st town completely illuminated by electric lighting (Wabash, IN)
Apr 18th - An F4 tornado strikes Marshfield, Missouri, killing 99 people and injuring 100.
Apr 24th - Amateur Athletic Association, governing body for men's athletics in England & Wales, is founded in Oxford, England
May 10th - General Wolseley opens new legislative council in Pretoria
May 18th - 6th Kentucky Derby: George Lewis aboard Fonso wins in 2:37.5
May 28th - 8th Preakness: L Hughes aboard Grenada wins in 2:40.5
May 31st - League of American Wheelmen (1st US bicycle association), forms in Newport RI
Jun 1st - 1st pay telephone installed
Jun 1st - US census at 50,155,783
Jun 7th - War of the Pacific: The Battle of Arica, assault and capture of Morro de Arica (Arica Cape), that ended the Campaña del Desierto (Desert Campaign).
Jun 10th - Charlie Jones becomes 1st to hit 2 HRs in 1 inning
Jun 12th - John Lee Richmond pitches 1st major league perfect game, Worcester 1, Cleveland's Forest City 0
Jun 14th - 14th Belmont: L Hughes aboard Grenada wins in 2:47
Jun 16th - Salvation Army forms in London
Jun 17th - John Ward, Providence, pitches perfect game vs Buffalo
Jun 24th - First performance of "O Canada," the song that would become the national anthem of Canada, at the Congrès national des Canadiens-Français.
Leader of the Kelly gang Ned KellyLeader of the Kelly gang Ned Kelly Jun 28th - Ned Kelly the Australian bushranger captured at Glenrowan.
Jun 29th - France annexes Otaheite (Tahiti)
Jul 15th - 4th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: John Hartley beats H Lawford (6-2 6-3 6-2 2-6 6-3)
Jul 16th - Dr. Emily Stowe becomes the first woman licenced to practice medicine in Canada.
Jul 19th - SF Public Library starts lending books
Jul 21st - Compressed air accident kills 20 workers on Hudson River tunnel, NY
Jul 23rd - 1st commercial hydroelectric power planet begins, Grand Rapids, Michigan
Jul 27th - A P Abourne patents a process for refining coconut oil
Jul 27th - Battle of Maiwand, at which Dr Watson is wounded, breaks out
Aug 2nd - British Parliament officially adopts Greenwich Mean Time (GMT)
Aug 14th - Construction of Cologne Cathedral, largest Gothic cathedral in Nthn Europe finally completed (began in 1248)
Sculptor Auguste RodinSculptor Auguste Rodin Aug 16th - The French state commissions sculptor Auguste Rodin for a large sculpted doorway 'The Gates of Hell' for the proposed Musée des Arts Décoratifs
Sep 6th - Commencement of 1st Test Cricket in England, v Australia at The Oval
Sep 6th - W G Grace scores 152 in debut Test Cricket innings, v Aust The Oval
Sep 7th - Geo Ligowsky patents device to throw clay pigeons for trapshooters
Sep 9th - President Hayes visits SF
Sep 10th - Pierre de Brazza signs treaty with King Makoko of Congo
Sep 23rd - Jules Ferry forms French government
Sep 29th - 1st pro baseball game at Polo Grounds, NY Metropolitans beat Washington Nationals 4-2 in 5 innings
Sep 30th - Henry Draper takes that 1st photograph of Orion Nebula
Composer John Philip SousaComposer John Philip Sousa Oct 1st - John Philip Sousa becomes new director of US Marine Corps Band
Oct 4th - University of California founded in Los Angeles
Oct 15th - Koln cathedral completed, 633 years after it begun
Oct 15th - Mexican soldiers kill Victorio, one of the greatest Apache military strategists.
Oct 20th - Amsterdam Free University opens
Nov 2nd - James A Garfield (R) elected 20th US President
Nov 8th - Sarah Bernhardt, French actress, made US debut at NY's Booth Theater
Nov 11th - Australian Bushranger and outlaw Ned Kelly is hanged at Melbourne Gaol
Nov 21st - Henry Stanley & Pierre de Brazza quarrel about possession of Congo
20th US President James Garfield20th US President James Garfield Nov 24th - Southern University forms
Dec 8th - 5,000 armed Boers gather in Paardekraal, South Africa
Dec 16th - Transvaal region declares itself as the Republic of South Africa
Dec 20th - Battle at Bronker's Spruit, Transvaal: Farmers beat Britten
Dec 20th - NY's Broadway lit by electricity, becomes known as "Great White Way"

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 191

Jan 1st - Edie Martin, actress (Titfield Thunderbolt), born in London, England
Jan 1st - Shalom Asch, Poland, yiddish writer (Motke Ganev)
Jan 2nd - Louis Breguet, French aviation pioneer
Jan 5th - Nicolai Karlovich Medtner, composer
Jan 6th - Tom Mix, Mix Run PA, silent screen cowboy actor (Dick Turpin), died 1940
Jan 6th - Yuliya Lazarevna Veysberg, composer
Jan 10th - Eduard M Meijers, Dutch lawyer (Short Cause)
Jan 10th - Frans van Cauwelaert, Flemish minister/mayor of Antwerp
Jan 10th - Grock, [Adrien Wettach], Swiss clown/circus director
Jan 10th - Manuel Azaña y Diaz, PM/pres of 2nd Spanish republic (1936-39)
Jan 11th - Rudolf T Palm, Curacao, pianist/composer
Jan 17th - Mack Sennett, movie creator (Keystone Kops)
Jan 18th - Paul Ehrenfest, Austria/Neth physicist (adiabates hypothesis)
Jan 20th - Walter W. Bacon, American politician (d. 1962)
Jan 24th - Elisabeth Achelis, creator (World Calendar)
Jan 25th - Francis George Scott, composer
WW2 General Douglas MacArthurWW2 General Douglas MacArthur (Jan 26th) Jan 26th - Douglas MacArthur, Little Rock Ark, US General (WW II), (d. 1964)
Jan 28th - Herbert Strudwick, cricketer (England wicket-keeper before & after WW I)
Jan 28th - Mary Boland, Phila, US, comedienne/actress (Ruggles of Red Gap)
Jan 29th - W C Fields, [William Claude Dukenfield], Phila, actor (Bank Dick)
Feb 1st - Antonio Guarnieri, composer
Feb 1st - Francesco Balilla Pratella, composer
Feb 3rd - Arnoldus JH Aerts, bishop of Neth-Guinea (1920-42)
Feb 8th - Franz Marc, German painter (Blaue Reiter)
Feb 9th - Lipót Fejér, Hungarian mathematician (d. 1959)
Feb 10th - Jesse G Vincent, Arkansas, engineer designed 1st V-12 engine
Feb 12th - John Llewellyn Lewis, union leader (United Mine Workers, 1920-60)
Feb 14th - Aida Overton Walker, US dancer/singer (In Dahomey, Salome)
Feb 14th - Edgar Leslie Bainton, composer
Feb 16th - Frank Burke, American baseball player (d. 1946)
Feb 17th - Alvaro Obregon, general/president Mexico (1920-24)
Feb 18th - Eric De Lamarter, composer
Feb 19th - Arthur Shepherd, composer
Feb 20th - Jacques d'Adelswärd-Fersen, French aristocrat and novelist (d. 1923)
Feb 21st - Frank Orth, Phila Pa, actor (Boston Blackie, Brothers)
Feb 21st - Waldemar Bonsels, German writer (d. 1952)
Feb 22nd - Frigyes Riesz, Hungarian mathematician (d. 1956)
Feb 23rd - Edgar Istel, composer
Mar 1st - Julian Myrick, promoter of junior tennis
Mar 1st - Lytton Strachey, English biographer and critic (Benson Medal 1923), born in London, England
Mar 3rd - Anne C Veth, Dutch cartoonist/art critic
Mar 3rd - Florence Auer, American actress (d. 1962)
Mar 4th - Channing Pollock, American playwright and critic (d. 1946)
Mar 10th - Michael Jacobs, boxing promoter, born in NYC, New York
Mar 11th - Harry H. Laughlin, American eugenecist (d. 1943)
Mar 12th - House Peters, England, silent film actor (Kansas Territory)
Mar 12th - Nikolaos Georgantas, Greek discus thrower (d. 1958)
Mar 12th - Henry Drysdale Dakin, British-American biochemist, known for the Dakin-West reaction (d. 1952)
Mar 14th - Oscar (Bachigaloupi) Tourniaire, actor/director (Pink Kate)
Mar 17th - Guillermo Uribe Holguin, composer
Mar 17th - Sir Patrick Hastings, British barrister (d. 1952)
Mar 17th - Lawrence Oates, English army officer and Antarctic explorer (d. 1912)
Mar 21st - Hans Hofmann, German/US painter (Search for the Real)
Mar 21st - Wilhelm Pessler, German sociologist
Mar 21st - Gilbert M. 'Broncho Billy' Anderson, American actor (d. 1971)
Mar 22nd - Ernie Quigley, Canadian-American sports official (d. 1960)
Mar 23rd - Heikki Ritavuori, Finnish politician (d. 1922)
Mar 26th - Duncan Hines, US, restaurant guide writer (Out of Kentucky Kitchens)
Mar 30th - Sean O'Casey, Ireland, playwright (Playboy of the Western World)
Apr 1st - Agha Petros, Assyrian general (d. 1932)
Apr 8th - Victor Schertzinger, composer/director (Uptown NY)
Apr 10th - Frances Perkins, American politician and 1st woman to hold cabinet-level position (Labor), (d. 1965)
Apr 10th - Montague Summers, English writer (d. 1948)
Apr 10th - Mohammed Nadir Shah, Afghan king (d. 1933)
Apr 13th - Charles Christie, Canadian film studio owner (d. 1955)
Apr 18th - Sam Crawford, baseball player (d. 1968)
Apr 26th - Mikhail Fokine, Russia, choreographer/founder of modern dance
May 1st - Conrad Weiss, German writer/poet (Tantum dic verbo)
May 6th - Baron W Edmund, Archangel & Ironside, British fieldmarshal
May 12th - Lincoln Ellsworth, led 1st transarctic, transantarctic flights
May 12th - W Hupkes, engineer/director (Dutch Rail 1938)
May 14th - Wilhelm List, German field marshal (d. 1971)
May 15th - Otto Dibelius, German theologist/bishop (Confessional Church)
May 16th - Julian Tannen, NY, comedian (Great Moment)
May 19th - Allard R Hulshoff, architect of Amsterdam (1924)
May 21st - Pablo Luna y Carne, composer
May 21st - Tudor Arghezi, Romanian writer (d. 1967)
May 25th - Jean Alexandre Barré, French neurologist (d. 1967)
May 29th - Oswald Spengler, Germany, philosopher (Decline of West)
Jun 6th - William T Cosgrave, president Irish Free state
Jun 10th - Margit Kaffka, writer
1st Woman Elected to Congress Jeannette Rankin1st Woman Elected to Congress Jeannette Rankin (Jun 11th) Jun 11th - Jeannette Rankin, 1st woman elected to US Congress (Rep-Montana)
Jun 15th - Mahlon Hamilton, VA, actor (Honky Tonk, High School Girl, Mississippi)
Jun 17th - Carl Van Fight, US author/critic (Red, Nigger Heaven)
Jun 17th - Russell Simpson, actor (Abraham Lincoln)
Jun 17th - Carl Van Vechten, American writer and photographer (d. 1964)
Jun 19th - Johann Sigurjonsson, Icelandic writer (Dr Rung)
Jun 21st - Arnold Gesell, American psychologist and pediatrician (d. 1961)
Jun 21st - Josiah Stamp, 1st Baron Stamp, British civil servant, industrialist, economist, statistician and banker (d. 1941)
Jun 26th - Natalia, Princess Brassova (d. 1952)
Author Helen KellerAuthor Helen Keller (Jun 27th) Jun 27th - Helen Keller, Ala, blind-deaf author/lecturer had more sense than many
Jun 29th - Ludwig Beck, chef Germany general staff ("July 20th plot")
Jul 2nd - Albert Szirmai, composer
Jul 3rd - Carl Schuricht, composer
Jul 4th - George Mullin, pitcher (Detroit Tigers-no-hitter on 7/4/1912)
Jul 4th - Pat Rooney, vaudevillian/actor (Night Club)
Jul 5th - Jan Kubelik, composer
Jul 12th - Tod Browning, American film director (d. 1962)
Jul 14th - Donald Meek, Glasgow Scotland, actor (Stage Fair, Stagecoach)
Jul 18th - Otto Vrieslander, composer

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 4 of 4

Panist, Composer and Polish Prime Minister Ignacy Jan PaderewskiPanist, Composer and Polish Prime Minister Ignacy Jan Paderewski (Jan 7th) Jan 7th - Pianist Ignacy Jan Paderewski (19) weds Antonina Korsak
May 16th - British writer Mary Anne Evans, pen name George Eliot, aged 60 marries John Cross, 20 years her junior
May 19th - Novelist Robert Louis Stevenson (29) weds Fanny Van de Grift Osbourne (40) in San Francisco
Oct 27th - Theodore Roosevelt, later 26th US President marries Alice Hathaway Lee, on his 22nd birthday

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 62 of 62

Jan 4th - Anselm Feuerbach, German painter, dies
Jan 8th - [Joshua] Norton I, Emperor of US/Protector of Mexico, dies at 60
Jan 27th - Edward Middleton Barry, English architect (b. 1830)
Squatter James DonnellySquatter James Donnelly (Feb 4th) Feb 4th - James Donnelly, patriarch of the "Black Donnellys", murdered in the Black Donnelly massacre at 63
Feb 29th - Sir James Wilson, Premier of Tasmania (b. 1812, also on 29 February)
Mar 2nd - Sir John MacNeill, Irish civil engineer (b. 1790)
Mar 15th - Jan K J de Jonge, Dutch historian, dies at 51
Mar 23rd - Gustav Adolf Mankell, composer, dies at 67
Mar 25th - Joseph Rummel, composer, dies at 61
Mar 25th - Ludmilla Assing, writer, dies
Mar 26th - Mariano Soriano Fuertes y Piqueras, composer, dies at 62
Mar 28th - Achille Peri, composer, dies at 67
Mar 29th - Jakob Axel Josephson, composer, dies at 62
Mar 31st - Henryk Wieniawski, Polish violist/composer, dies at 44
Apr 7th - Diederich Krug, composer, dies at 58
Apr 13th - Robert Fortune, Scottish botanist (b. 1813)
Apr 23rd - Guess Saleh, [Sarief Bastaman], Javanese painter, dies
May 3rd - Jonathan Homer Lane, American astronomer who mathmatically analyzed the Sun as a gaseous body, dies at 60
May 4th - Edward Clark, Governor of Texas (b. 1815)
May 8th - Gustave Flaubert, French novelist (b. 1821)
May 9th - Johann Hermann Berens, composer, dies at 54
May 10th - John Goss, composer/organist, dies at 79
May 16th - Karl August Krebs, composer, dies at 76
May 20th - Eugene LFC prince the Ligne, Belgian prince of Ambise, dies at 76
May 22nd - Heinrich WA Freiherr von Gagern, German liberal politician, dies at 80
May 26th - John Curwen, composer, dies at 63
May 31st - Hippolyte Mège-Mouriés, French chemist and inventor of margarine, dies at 62
Jun 4th - Eugen Adam, painter, dies
Jun 5th - Jacobus J Cremer, painter/author (Betuwsche Novellen), dies at 52
Jun 16th - James Southerton, cricketer (appeared in England's 1st 2 Tests), dies
Jun 18th - John Sutter, US colonist (gold discovered on his land), dies at 77
Jun 28th - Texas Jack Omohundro, American frontier scout, actor, and cowboy (b. 1846)
Jun 29th - George W Vreede, lawyer/politician, dies
Jul 9th - Paul Broca, French physician and anatomist (b. 1824)
Jul 21st - Hiram Walden, American politician (b. 1800)
Jul 22nd - Anna Caroline Oury, composer, dies at 72
Aug 5th - Ferdinand Ritter von Hebra, Austrian physician (b. 1816)
Aug 15th - Adelaide Neilson, English Actress (b. 1848)
Aug 17th - Ole Bull, Norwegian violinist and composer (b. 1810)
Sep 1st - Antoon Jurgens, margarine maker, dies at 75
Sep 15th - William Hauser, composer, dies at 67
Sep 22nd - G F Grace, cricketer (one Test v Australia), dies
Oct 4th - William Lassell, English astronomer (1st moon of Neptune), dies
Oct 5th - Jacques Offenbach, German-born composer (b. 1819)
Oct 6th - Benjamin Pierce, US mathematician/astronomer, dies
Oct 14th - Victorio, Apache chief/murderer, killed by Mexican army
Oct 16th - Edward Wolff, composer, dies at 64
Nov 7th - Carl Friedrich Weitzmann, composer, dies at 72
Nov 8th - Jacob Edvard Gille, composer, dies at 66
Nov 11th - Lucretia Mott, US quaker (1st Woman's Rights Convention), dies
Leader of the Kelly gang Ned KellyLeader of the Kelly gang Ned Kelly (Nov 11th) Nov 11th - Ned Kelly, Australian outlaw and bushranger, executed at 25
Nov 19th - Bernard de Hair, vicar/poet/church historian, dies at 74
Nov 24th - Hanri Reber, composer, dies at 73
Nov 26th - Guilherme Antonio Cossoul, composer, dies at 52
Nov 28th - Aires de Ornelas e Vasconcelos, (Portuguese) Archbishop of Goa (b. 1837)
Dec 2nd - Josephine Lang, composer, dies at 65
Dec 11th - Oliver Fisher Winchester, American businessman and politician (b. 1810)
Dec 12th - Michel Chasles, French mathematician (geometry), dies at 83
Dec 15th - Carlo Boncompagni di Mombello, Ital minister of Justice, dies at 76
Dec 22nd - George Eliot [Mary Anne Evans], Victorian novelist (Adam Bede), dies on 61st birthday
Dec 25th - Fridolin Anderwert, Swiss Federal Councillor (b. 1828)
Dec 27th - Alessandro Nini, composer, dies at 75

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