Today in History for Year 1900

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Months in Year 1900: January February March April May June July August September October November December

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 226

Jan 1st - 1st date in John dos Passos' USA trilogy (The 42nd Parallel)
Jan 1st - British protectorates of Northern & Southern Nigeria established
Jan 1st - Compulsory education in Netherlands goes into effect
Jan 2nd - E Verlinger begins manufacturing 7" single-sided records (Montreal)
Jan 2nd - Gustave Charpentiers opera "Louise," premieres in Paris
Jan 2nd - John Hay announces the Open Door Policy to promote trade with China.
Jan 3rd - Gerhart Hauptmanns "Schluck und Jau," premieres in Berlin
Jan 3rd - Perihelion Passage
Jan 5th - Irish leader John Edward Redmond calls for a revolt against British rule.
Jan 6th - Boers attack at Ladysmith, about 1,000 killed or injured
Jan 6th - Maurice Ravel's "Albaradode Gracioso," premieres in Paris
Jan 10th - Lord Roberts & Lord Kitchener reach Capetown
Jan 12th - Freeland Colony founded in US
Jan 14th - Giacomo Puccini's opera "Tosca," premieres in Rome
Jan 15th - SCNEC soccer team forms
Jan 16th - The United States Senate accepts the Anglo-German treaty of 1899 in which the United Kingdom renounces its claims to the Samoan islands.
Jan 18th - Jan Blockx's "Tÿl Uilenspiegel" premieres in Brussels
Jan 24th - Battle of Tugela-Spionkop, South Africa (Boers vs British army)
Jan 24th - Newcastle Badminton Club, world's oldest, forms in England
Composer Giacomo PucciniComposer Giacomo Puccini Jan 26th - Henrik Ibsen's "Naar vi Dode Vaaguer," premieres in Stuttgart
Jan 27th - Social Democrat Party of America (Debs' party) holds 1st convention
Jan 29th - Boers under Joubert beat British at Spionkop Natal, 2,000 killed
Jan 29th - American League organized in Buffalo, Chicago, Cleveland, Detroit, Indianapolis, Kansas City, Milwaukee & Minneapolis
Feb 2nd - Gustave Charpentiers opera "Louise" premieres in Paris
Feb 3rd - Rival forces fight for control of the Union Park ball grounds in Balt
Feb 3rd - Gubernatorial candidate William Goebel is assassinated in Frankfort, Kentucky.
Feb 5th - British troops under Gen Buller occupy Vaal Krantz, Natal
Feb 5th - The United States and the United Kingdom sign treaty for Panama Canal
Feb 6th - The Battle of Vaal Krantz , South Africa (Boers vs British army)
Feb 7th - British troops vacate Vaal Krantz, Natal
Feb 9th - Dwight Davis established a new tennis trophy, the Davis Cup
Feb 10th - Peter Ostlund skates world record 500m (45.2 sec)
Feb 14th - Date of events in movie "Picnic at Hanging Rock"
Feb 14th - Russia responds to international pressure to free Finland by tightening imperial control over the country.
Feb 15th - General French relieves Kimberley/Cecil Rhodes
Feb 16th - 1st Chinese daily newspaper in US publishes (Chung Sai Yat Po-SF)
Feb 16th - Stanley Cup: Montreal Shamrocks beat Winnipeg Victorias, 3 games to 1
Feb 18th - Ajax soccer team forms in Amsterdam
Feb 18th - Battle at Paardeberg, 1,270 British killed/injured
Feb 18th - British troops occupy Monte Christo, Natal
Feb 19th - British troops occupy Hlangwane, Natal
Feb 22nd - Battle at Wynne's Hill, South-Africa (Boers vs British army)
Feb 22nd - Hawaii became a US territory
Feb 23rd - Battle at Hart's Hill, South-Africa (Boers vs British army)
Feb 23rd - Steamer "Rio de Janeiro" sinks in SF Bay
Feb 27th - Battle at Pietershoogte
Feb 27th - Boer General Cronjé surrenders to English in Pardenberg, South-Africa
Feb 27th - British Labour Party forms
Feb 28th - General Buller's troops relieve Ladysmith Natal
Mar 3rd - US Steel Corporation organizes
Mar 5th - American Hall of Fame founded
Mar 7th - Battle at Poplar Grove South Africa, Pres Kruger flees
Mar 7th - Stanley Cup: Montreal Shamrocks sweep Halifax Crescents in 2 games
Mar 8th - NL decides to go with 8 teams They exclude Baltimore, Cleveland, Louisville & Washington (in 1953 Boston Braves move to Milwaukee)
Mar 10th - Battle at Driefontein, South-Africa (Boers vs British army)
Mar 12th - President Steyn of Orange Free state flees from Bloemfontein
Mar 13th - British troops occupy Bloemfontein, Orange Free State
Mar 13th - In France the length of the workday for women and children is limited to 11 hours by law.
Mar 14th - Hugo de Vries rediscovers Mendel's laws of genetics
Mar 14th - US currency goes on gold standard
Mar 16th - AL meets in Chicago, Ban Johnson announces that an AL team will be in
Mar 16th - Sir Arthur Evans finds old city of Knossus
Mar 16th - Chicago, KC, Minn, Milwaukee, Indianapolis, Detroit, Cleve & Buffalo
Mar 17th - Stanley Cup: Montreal Shamrocks sweep Halifax Crescents in 2
Mar 18th - Ajax (Amsterdam Football Club), forms
Mar 24th - New York City Mayor Robert Anderson Van Wyck breaks ground for a new underground "Rapid Transit Railroad" that would link Manhattan and Brooklyn.
Mar 25th - US Socialist Party forms in Indianapolis
Mar 26th - 1st edition The (Free) People (Neth, probably Amsterdam)
Mar 30th - Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts Compulsory education law
Mar 31st - At " Surprise of Sanna’s Post" in the Second Boer War 150 troops under Brigadier General Robert Broadwood were killed.
Apr 1st - 1st edition of Dutch newspaper "The People"
Apr 2nd - 1st edition of The Volk published (Amsterdam)
Apr 2nd - The Foraker Act passes through Congress, giving Puerto Ricans limited self-rule.
Apr 4th - Assassination attempt on Prince of Wales, later British King Edward VII when shot by Jean-Baptiste Sipido in protest over Boer war
Apr 4th - British garrison of Reddersberg surrenders to Boer general De Wet
Apr 5th - Attempted assassination of Edward, Prince of Wales in Brussels, fails
Apr 6th - James J Jeffries KOs Jack Finnegan in 1 for heavyweight boxing title
Apr 11th - US Navy's 1st submarine made its debut
Apr 14th - Veteran's Hospital at Ft Miley forms
Apr 15th - Exposition Universelle/World Fair opens in Paris (till 12th Nov)
Apr 15th - An early 50 mile race is won by an electric car in over 2 hrs
Apr 16th - US Post Office issues 1st books of postage stamps
Apr 17th - 7 high chiefs of American Samoa sign Instrument of Cession
Apr 19th - 4th Boston Marathon won by Jim Caffrey of Canada in 2:39:44.4
Apr 19th - Highest scoring opening game, Phils beat Braves 19-17 in 10
Apr 23rd - 1st know occurrence of word "hillbillie" (NY Journal)
Apr 24th - Passing of Andrew Halliday, cable car pioneer
Apr 26th - AL opener in Cleve draws 6,500
Apr 30th - 165 lb Robert Fitzsimmons KOs 305 lb Ed Dunkhost in a boxing match
Apr 30th - USA annexes Hawaii
Apr 30th - Casey Jones dies in a train wreck in Vaughn, Mississippi, while trying to make up time on the Cannonball Express.
May 1st - Premature blast collapses mine tunnel killing 200 at Scofield, Utah
May 1st - Roermond soccer team forms in Roermond
Playwright George Bernard ShawPlaywright George Bernard Shaw May 2nd - George Bernard Shaws "You Never Can Tell," premieres in London
May 3rd - 26th Kentucky Derby: Jimmy Boland aboard Lieut Gibson wins in 2:06.25
May 5th - "The Billboard" began weekly publication
May 8th - 250 grave robbers shot to death
May 8th - John McGraw & Wilbert Robinson sign with Cardinals
May 11th - James J Jeffries KOs James J Corbett in 23 for heavyweight boxing title
May 12th - Boer attack under Sarel Eloff, about 70 killed

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 398

Jan 1st - Hubert van Doorne, Dutch auto manufacturer (DAF)
Jan 1st - William Haines, Staunton VA, actor (Fast Life, Little Annie Rooney)
Jan 1st - Xavier Cugat, Barcelona Spain, bandleader (married Abbe Lane, Charo)
Jan 1st - Chiune Sugihara, Japanese diplomat (d. 1986)
Jan 3rd - Dorothy Arnzer, director
Jan 3rd - Maurice Jaubert, composer
Jan 4th - James Bond, American ornithologist (d. 1989)
Jan 5th - Dennis Gabor, Hung/Brit physicist (holography-Nobel 1971) [or Jun 5]
Jan 5th - Paula Ludwig, writer
Jan 5th - Yves Tanguy, French/US sailor/surrealistic painter
Jan 6th - Pierre-Octave Ferroud, French composer (Sarabande, Jeunesse)
Jan 7th - John Brownlee, Australian tenor (d. 1969)
Jan 8th - Queen Marie, of Yugoslavia
Jan 9th - Joseph Frederick Wagner, composer
Jan 9th - Richard Halliburton, American adventurer (presumed dead 1939)
Jan 12th - Vaino Hannikainen, composer
Jan 13th - Yasuji Kiyose, composer
Jan 15th - Caesar Domela, Dutch painter (Ferdinand Domela Nieuwenhuis son)
Jan 17th - Olga Maria Nicolis di Robilant, patron of the arts
Jan 20th - Boris Semyonovich Shekhter, composer
Jan 20th - Doris Deane, WI, entertainer
Jan 20th - Colin Clive, British actor (d. 1937)
Jan 22nd - Franz Salmhofer, composer
Jan 23rd - Mary Philips, CT, actress (Farewell to Arms, Incendiary Blonde)
Jan 23rd - Ralph Graves, Cleve Ohio, actor (Dirigible, Flight, Dream Street)
Jan 23rd - William Ifor Jones, Welsh conductor and organist (d. 1988)
Jan 25th - Mildred Dunnock, Balt, actress (Baby Doll, Nun's Story)
Jan 25th - Theodosius Dobzhansky, Ukraine, genetist/writer (Mankind Evolving)
Jan 25th - Yojiro Ishizaka, Japanese writer (d. 1986)
Jan 26th - Karl Ristenpart, German conductor (d. 1967)
Jan 27th - Hyman G Rickover, US Admiral (father of modern nuclear navy)
Jan 28th - Alexandre AM Stols [Chl van Halsbeke], publisher (History of Ecuador)
Jan 28th - Anni Holdmann, Germany, 100m runner (Olympic-1928)
Jan 28th - Hermann Kesten, German writer (Allert de Lange)
Jan 28th - Michael Dewar Head, composer
Jan 28th - Alice Neel, American artist (d. 1984)
Jan 29th - Marco Tajcevic, composer
Jan 29th - Willem F K Hussem, Dutch painter/poet (Coastline, Lookout on Sea)
Jan 30th - Isaak Iosifovich Dunayevsky, composer
Jan 30th - Martita Hunt, Argentina, actress (Man in Grey, Becket)
Jan 30th - Sandy Powell, Rotherham England, costume designer (Rob Roy)
Jan 31st - Betty Parsons, American artist and art dealer
Feb 1st - Stephen Potter, humorist/writer (School for Scoundrels, Shipbuilders)
Feb 2nd - Asa Smith Bushnell Jr, Springfield Ohio, Sec of US Olympics (1945-65)
Feb 2nd - Willie Kamm, MLB third baseman (d. 1988)
Feb 3rd - Mabel Mercer, English cabaret vocalist (Fly Me to the Moon)
Feb 5th - Adlai E Stevenson, (Gov-D-Ill), pres candidate (D) (1952, 1956)
Feb 6th - Roy Smeck, guitarist/banjoist
Feb 6th - Rudolf Vornlund, Swedish playwright (Heliga Familjen)
Feb 8th - Guy Douglas Hamilton Warrack, composer
Feb 8th - John Cameron, judge
Feb 8th - Ivan Ivanov-Vano Soviet animator and Russian animation director (d. 1987)
Feb 11th - Hans-Georg Gadamer, German philosopher
Feb 11th - Thomas Hitchcock Jr, great polo player (Westchester Cup 1924,27,30,39)
Feb 11th - Josei Toda, Japanese educator (d. 1958)
Feb 12th - Fred Emney, London England, actor (Let the People Sing, Lilac Domino)
Feb 16th - Albert Maurice Hackett, playwright/screenwriter
Feb 19th - Giorgos Seferis, writer
Feb 20th - Antonio Veretti, composer
Feb 20th - Graham Spry, St Thomas Ontario, Canadian radio pioneer
Feb 20th - Jean Negulesco
Feb 21st - Madeleine Renaud, French actress/theater director (Plaisir)
Feb 21st - Sydney Arnold, English comic/actor (Miss Jones & Son)
Feb 22nd - Luis Buñuel, Calanda Spain, Spanish surrealist film director (Belle de Jour)
Feb 22nd - Evald Aav, composer
Feb 22nd - Giorgios Seferis, Greece, poet (Nobel 1963)
Feb 22nd - Seán Ó Faoláin [John Whelan], Irish short story writer (Murder at Cobbler's Hulk)
Feb 23rd - Elinor Remick Warren, composer
Feb 25th - Jed Harris, producer/director (Billy Rose Show, Operation Mad Ball)
Feb 26th - Jean Negulesco, Craiova Romania, director (Johnny Belinda, Jessica)
Feb 28th - Laura Z Hobson, writer
Feb 28th - Wolfram Hirth, German pilot (d. 1959)
Mar 1st - Edna Swithenbank Manley, Jamaican sculptor, wife of PM
Mar 1st - Yorgos Seferis, [Seferi dis], Greek diplomat/poet (Strofi)
Mar 1st - Donald Keith Falkner, singer
Mar 2nd - Kurt J Weill, Dessau Germany, composer/Brecht collaborator (Mahogany)
Mar 3rd - Edna Best, Hove England, actress (Key, Calendar, Escape, Intermezzo)
Mar 4th - Roberto Soundy, El Salvador, trap shooter (Olympic-1968)
Mar 4th - Herbert Biberman, American screenwriter (d. 1971)
Mar 5th - Ludwig Donath, actor (Jolson Story, Jolson Sings Again)
Mar 6th - John Henry Pyle Pafford, librarian (University of London)
Mar 6th - Ludwig Donath, Vienna Austria, actor (Torn Curtain, Sirocco)
Mar 6th - Robert "Lefty" Grove, baseball pitcher (300 game winner)
Mar 7th - Giuseppe Capogrossi, Italian painter
Mar 7th - [Albert] Carel Willink, Dutch painter (magic realism)
Mar 9th - Aimone duke of Spoleta/Aosta, Italian king of Croatia (1941-43)
Mar 9th - Howard Aiken, American computing pioneer (d. 1973)
Mar 10th - Sherman Billingsley, Enid Ok, talk show host (Stork Club)
Mar 12th - David Croll, QC senator
Mar 12th - Zoltan Vasarhelyi, composer
Mar 13th - Béla Guttman, Hungarian footballer (d. 1981)
Mar 15th - Gilberto Freye, Brazilian sociologist/writer
Mar 17th - Alfred Newman, New Haven, composer (Love is a Many Splendored Thing)
Mar 19th - Roy Roberts, Tampa Fla, actor (Petticoat Junction, Lucy Show)
Mar 19th - [Jean] Frederic Joliot-Curie, French physicist (Nobel 1935)
Mar 21st - Eugenie Leontovitch, Moscow Russia, actor (Homicidal)
Mar 21st - Paul Klecki/Kletzki, Polish violinist/composer/conductor
Mar 23rd - Erich Fromm, Frankfurt Germany, psychologist (Sane Society)
Mar 23rd - Jose Antonio Calcano, composer
Mar 24th - June [Algeria Junius] Clark, musician trumpet

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 2 of 2

Jul 1st - Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand (36) weds countess Sophie Chotek (32) in Reichstadt, Bohemia
Oct 2nd - Belgium crown prince Albert von Saksen-Coburg weds Elisabeth of Bayern

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 68 of 68

Jan 3rd - Edwin George Monk, composer, dies at 80
Jan 8th - Billy Bates, cricketer (656 runs & 50 wkts in 15 Tests for Eng), dies
Jan 20th - John Ruskin, English writer (Dearest Mama Talbot), dies of flu at 81
Jan 20th - Richard D Blackmore, English novelist (Lorna Doone), dies at 74
Jan 22nd - David E. Hughes, American musician (b. 1831)
Jan 30th - Vittorio Bersezio, [Carlo Nugelli], Italian playwright, dies at 71
Feb 3rd - Ottokar Eugen Novacek, composer, dies at 33
Feb 16th - George Labram, US mine engineer in South Africa, dies in battle
Feb 18th - Clinton L. Merriam, American politician (b. 1824)
Feb 23rd - William Butterfield, architect of the Gothic revival, dies
Mar 6th - Gottlieb Daimler, designed 1st motorcycle, dies at 65
Mar 10th - Johann Peter Emilius Hartmann, composer, dies at 94
Mar 11th - Edmund Peate, cricketer (9 Tests for England 1881-86), dies
Mar 18th - Antonio Nobre, Portuguese poet (So [Lonely]), dies at 32
Mar 19th - John Bingham, American politician and lawyer (b. 1815)
Mar 19th - Charles-Louis Hanon, French composer (b. 1819)
Mar 26th - Isaac Mayer Wise, rabbi/found American Hebrew Congregations, dies at 80
Mar 27th - Pieter J Joubert [Smart Piet], South African general, dies at 69
Mar 31st - Frank Milligan, cricketer (Mafeking 2 Tests Eng v South Africa 1898-99), dies
Apr 4th - Edward VII, King, assassinated
Apr 5th - Comte de Villebois-Marevil, French/South African general, dies in battle
Apr 20th - Mebel Mercer, popular British singer, dies
Apr 21st - Heinrich Vogl, composer, dies at 55
Apr 24th - George J D Campbell, Brit min of Indies (1868-74, 80-85), dies at 76
Apr 30th - John Luther (Casey) Jones, dies in Cannonball Express train wreck
May 5th - Ivan Aivazovsky, Russian painter (b. 1817)
May 7th - Richard Storrs Willis, composer, dies at 81
May 18th - Jean Gaspard Felix Ravaisson-Mollien, French philosopher (b. 1813)
May 20th - Gustav Heinrich Graben-Hoffman, composer, dies at 80
May 31st - James Loudon, gov-gen of Neth-Indies (1871-75), dies at 75
May 31st - John Power, Irish baronet/whiskey manufacturer, dies in battle
Novelist Stephen CraneNovelist Stephen Crane (Jun 5th) Jun 5th - Stephen Crane, author (Red Badge of Courage), dies at 28
Jun 11th - Charles Swinnerton Heap, composer, dies at 53
Jun 21st - Polibo Fumagalli, composer, dies at 69
Jun 29th - Ivan Mikheevich Pervushin, Russian mathematician (b. 1900)
Jul 24th - Ferdinand Hamet, Dutch missionary in Mongolia, murdered at 59
Jul 29th - Umberto I, Italian King (1878-1900) assassinated by Gaetano Bresci
Jul 30th - Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (b. 1844)
Aug 4th - Isaac Levitan, Russian painter (b. 1860)
Aug 5th - James Augustine Healy, black Roman Catholic bishop, dies at 80
Aug 6th - Wilhelm Liebknecht, German journalist/socialist, dies at 74
Aug 12th - James E Keeler, US astronomer (rings of Saturn), dies at 42
Aug 12th - Wilhelm Steinitz, Austrian chess player (b. 1836)
Aug 16th - Eca de Queiroz, writer, dies
Aug 19th - Jean-Baptiste Accolay, Belgian composer (b. 1833)
Aug 25th - Friedrich Nietschze, philosopher (Also sprach Zarathustra), dies at 55
Aug 25th - Kuroda Kiyotaka, Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1840)
Philosopher Friedrich NietzschePhilosopher Friedrich Nietzsche (Aug 25th) Aug 25th - Friedrich Nietzsche, German Philosopher, dies at 55
Aug 28th - Henry Sidgwick, English philosopher (Women on University), dies
Sep 23rd - William Marsh Rice, American philanthropist and university founder (b. 1816)
Sep 25th - Félix-Gabriel Marchand, premier of Québec (b. 1832)
Sep 29th - Samuel Fenton Cary, congressman, prohibitionist (b. 1814)
Oct 9th - Heinrich von Herzogenberg, composer, dies at 57
Oct 14th - Albert de Vriendt, Flemish historical painter/etcher, dies
Oct 14th - Sandor Erkel, composer, dies at 54
Oct 15th - Zdenek Fibich, composer, dies at 49
Oct 20th - Charles Dudley Warner, US writer (As We Go), dies at 70
Oct 20th - Naim Frashëri, Albanian poet (b. 1846)
Oct 28th - Max Müller, German-born orientalist (b. 1823)
Nov 6th - PWJ Le Gallais, British lt-colonel, dies in battle at Bothaville
Nov 21st - J J Ferris, cricketer (48 wickets for Aust in 8 Tests in 1880's), dies
Nov 22nd - Arthur S Sullivan, England, composer (Mikado, Ivanhoe), dies at 58
Writer/Poet Oscar WildeWriter/Poet Oscar Wilde (Nov 30th) Nov 30th - Oscar Wilde, Irish author, dies in Paris at 46
Dec 8th - Henry Russell, composer, dies at 87
Dec 14th - Jean B A Kessler, director of oil on Dutch Indies, dies at 46
Dec 21st - Roger Wolcott, American political figure, 39th Governor of Massachusetts (b. 1847)
Dec 27th - William G Armstrong, of Cragside, Brit const (hydr crane), dies at 90
Dec 28th - Alexandre Alberto da Rocha de Serpa Pinto, Portuguese explorer (b. 1846)

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