Today in History for Year 1913

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Months in Year 1913: January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 256

Jan 1st - Post office begins parcel post deliveries
Jan 2nd - National Woman's Party forms
Jan 2nd - Mahatma Gandhi leaves the Tolstoy Farm in Transvaal, South Africa.
Jan 6th - Attempting to end hostilities in the Balkans, the London Peace Conference breaks down because Turkey refuses to cede Adrianpole, the Aegean island, and Crete
Jan 7th - William M Burton patents a process to "crack" petroleum
Jan 8th - Frank Chance becomes Yankee manager
Jan 11th - 1st sedan-type car (Hudson) goes on display at 13th Auto Show (NYC)
Jan 12th - After using other pseudonyms over the years, Josef Dzhugashvili signs himself as Stalin ('man of steel) in a letter to the the paper, Social Democrat
Jan 13th - Delta Sigma Theta, the world's largest Black Women's Sorority is founded at Howard University, Washington DC
Jan 16th - British House of Commons accepts Home Rule for Ireland (but the Great War gets in the way of it happening)
Soviet Union Premier Joseph StalinSoviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin Jan 17th - Raymond Poincaré elected president of France
Jan 18th - Turkish-Greek sea battle near Troy
Jan 19th - Raymond Poincaré installed as president of France
Jan 21st - Aristide Briand forms French government
Jan 23rd - The Young Turks lead a coup d'etat against the Turkish Government
Jan 24th - Franz Kafka stops working on "Amerika"; it will never be finished
Jan 26th - Jim Thorpe relinquishes his 1912 Olympic medals for playing as a professional
Jan 29th - Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, at Howard University, incorporates
Jan 30th - UK House of Lords rejects Irish Home Rule Bill
Feb 2nd - NY football Giants sign Jim Thorpe
Versatile Athlete Jim ThorpeVersatile Athlete Jim Thorpe Feb 2nd - NYC's Grand Central Terminal opens
Feb 3rd - 16th Amendment, federal income tax, ratified
Feb 3rd - Golden/Cawthorne's musical "Sunshine Girl," premieres in NYC
Feb 4th - Louis Perlman patents demountable auto tire-carrying wheel rim
Feb 4th - National Institute of Arts & Letters founded
Feb 9th - -18] 10 Day Tragedy of Mexico-City; 3,000 die
Feb 10th - Edward Sheldons "Romance," premieres in NYC
Feb 15th - 1st avant-garde art show in America opens in NYC
Feb 16th - President Taft agrees not to intervene in Mexico
Feb 17th - 1st minimum wage law in US takes effect (Oregon)
Feb 17th - NY Armory Show introduces Picasso, Matisse, Duchamp to US public
Artist Pablo PicassoArtist Pablo Picasso Feb 18th - French painting "Nude Descending a Staircase" displayed in NYC
Feb 18th - President Francisco Madero of Mexico is overthrown
Feb 19th - 1st prize inserted into a Cracker Jack box
Feb 19th - Mexican General V Huerta takes power with US support
Feb 20th - King O'Malley drives in the first survey peg to mark commencement of work on the construction of Canberra.
Feb 22nd - Lowell HS, SF opens (on its 1st campus)
Feb 25th - The 16th Amendment to the Constitution becomes law, providing the legal basis for the institution of a graduated income tax
Feb 28th - 6.8-m, 4000-kg elephant seal killed, South Georgia (S Atlantic)
Mar 1st - 1st state law requiring bonding of officers & state employees, ND
Mar 1st - US federal income tax takes effect (16th amendment)
Mar 3rd - Ida B Wells-Barnett demonstrates for female suffrage in Washington DC
Mar 4th - 1st US law regulating the shooting of migratory birds passed
Mar 4th - Dept of Commerce & Labor split into separate departments
Mar 4th - Gabriel Faure's opera "Penelope" premieres in Monte Carlo
Mar 4th - NY Yankees are 1st to train outside US (Bermuda)
28th US President Woodrow Wilson28th US President Woodrow Wilson Mar 4th - Woodrow Wilson inaugurated as 28th US President
Mar 8th - Federal League organizes with 6 teams
Mar 8th - Internal Revenue Service begins to levy & collect income taxes
Mar 10th - Stanley Cup: Quebec Bulldogs sweep Sydney (NS) Millionaires in 2 games
Mar 10th - William Knox becomes 1st in American Bowling Congress to bowl 300
Mar 12th - Foundation stone of the Australian capital in Canberra laid
Mar 13th - Kansas legislature approved censorship of motion pictures
Mar 14th - John D. Rockefeller gives $100 million to Rockefeller Foundation
Oil Industrialist John D. RockefellerOil Industrialist John D. Rockefeller Mar 14th - South African Supreme Court declares that marriages not celebrated according to Christian rites and/or not registered by the Registrar of Marriages, are invalid; all Moslem and Hindu marriages are therefore declared invalid
Mar 15th - 1st US presidential press conference (Woodrow Wilson)
Mar 15th - Cleveland establishes 1st small claims court
Mar 17th - The Uruguayan Air Force is founded.
Mar 18th - King George I of Greece is assassinated in the recently liberated city of Thessaloniki.
Mar 21st - -26] Flood in Ohio, kills 400
Mar 24th - Netherlands soccer team's 1st victory over England
Mar 24th - Palace Theater opens at 1564 Broadway NYC
Mar 25th - Great Dayton Flood
Mar 25th - Home of vaudeville, Palace Theatre, opens (NYC) starring Ed Wynn
Mar 26th - Bulgaria captures Adrianople, ending the 1st Balkan War
Mar 26th - Dayton, Ohio almost destroyed when Scioto, Miami, & Muskingum River reach flood stage simultaneously
Mar 28th - Guatemala becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
Apr 3rd - British suffragette Emmeline Pankhurst sentenced to 3 years in jail
Apr 4th - The Greek aviator Emmanuel Argyropoulos becomes the first pilot victim of the Hellenic Air Force when his plane crashes.
Apr 8th - 17th amendment, requiring direct election of senators, ratified
Apr 8th - Opening of China's 1st parliament takes place in Peking (now Beijing)
Apr 9th - Brooklyn Dodger's Ebbets Field opens, Phillies win 1-0
Apr 10th - President Woodrow Wilson throws out 1st ball, Senators beat Yankees 2-1
MLB Pitcher Walter JohnsonMLB Pitcher Walter Johnson Apr 10th - Walter Johnson begins string of 56 consecutive scoreless innings
Apr 10th - During the Montenegrin siege of Scutari, the Montenegrin coastline is blockaded
Apr 14th - Belgium begins general strike for voting rights
Apr 16th - The Bulgarians and the Turks agree to an armistice that will be accepted by the other nations involved
Apr 19th - 17th Boston Marathon won by Fritz Carlson of Minn in 2:25:14.8
Apr 21st - German passenger ship Imperator runs aground
Apr 22nd - Montenegro troops march into Skoetari, North-Albania
Apr 24th - Skyscraper, the Woolworth Building in New York City is opened
Apr 26th - Panama-Pacific International Exposition opens in SF
Apr 26th - Sun Yet San calls for revolt against pres Yuan Shikai in China
May 1st - Longacre Theater opens at 220 W 48th St NYC
May 6th - King Nikita I of Montenegro vacates Skoetari, North-Albania
May 7th - British House of Commons rejects women's right to vote
May 7th - An ambassadorial conference in St Petersburg, Russia, awards the town of Silistria to Rumania in compensation for Bulgaria's other territorial gains in the First Balkan War
May 9th - 17th amendment provides for election of senators by popular vote
May 10th - 39th Kentucky Derby: Roscoe Goose aboard Donerail wins in 2:04.8
May 10th - Yanks commit 8 errors & still beat Tigers 10-9 in 10 innings
May 12th - Harry Green runs world record marathon (2:38:16.2)
Aviator Igor SikorskyAviator Igor Sikorsky May 13th - 1st four-engined aircraft built and flown (Igor Sikorsky, Russia)
May 14th - Frans Hals museum opens in Haarlem, Netherlands
May 14th - Wash Senator Walter Johnson ends record scorless streak at 56 innings
May 19th - Webb Alien Land-Holding Bill passes, forbidding Japanese from owning land
May 20th - 38th Preakness: James Butwell aboard Buskin wins in 1:53.4
May 26th - US Actors' Equity Association forms (NYC)
May 26th - Emily Duncan becomes Great Britain's first woman magistrate.
May 29th - Igor Stravinsky's ballet score The Rite of Spring is premiered in Paris, provoking a riot.
Composer Igor StravinskyComposer Igor Stravinsky May 30th - 1st Balkan War ends, Treaty of London

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 536

Jan 1st - Eliot Janeway, financial writer (Economics of Chaos)
Jan 2nd - Ernest Sidey, British air marshal
Jan 2nd - Gardner Read, Evanston, Illinois, composer
Jan 2nd - Juanita E Jackson Mitchell, US head (NAACP)
Jan 2nd - Leon P Teisserenc de Bort, France, meteorologist
Jan 2nd - Anna Lee, Ightham, Kent, English actress (General Hospital, How Green Was My Valley)
Jan 4th - Malietoa Tanumafili II, King of West-Samoa (1962- )
Jan 6th - Edward Gierek, party leader (Polish CP)
Jan 6th - Loretta Young, Salt Lake City Ut, actress (Farmer's Daughter, Stranger)
Jan 6th - Tom Brown, actor (Ed-Gunsmoke, Lt Rovacs-Mr Lucky), born in NYC, New York
Jan 7th - Francis De Wolff, England, actor (From Russia With Love)
Jan 7th - Shirley Ross, Omaha NE, actress (Cafe Society, Prison Farm)
Jan 7th - Johnny Mize, American baseball player (d. 1993)
Jan 8th - Horace Smith, cricketer (NZ, only Test wkt off his 1st ball (Paynter))
Jan 9th - Lavad "Dr Hepcat" Durst, vocal/piano
Jan 9th - Peter John Norton, naval diplomat/artist
37th US President Richard Nixon37th US President Richard Nixon (Jan 9th) Jan 9th - Richard Nixon, Yorba Linda, California, 37th President (R) of the United States (1969-74)
Jan 10th - Gustav Husak, president of Czechoslavakia (1975-89)
Jan 10th - Haywood Frank Henry, sax player
Jan 10th - Mehmet Shehu, Albanian politician (d. 1981)
Jan 13th - Jeff Morrow, actor (Bart-Union Pacific, Temperatures Rising), born in NYC, New York
Jan 13th - Ralph Edwards, Merino Colo, TV host (This is Your Life)
Jan 14th - Tillie Olsen, American writer (Tell Me a Riddle)
Jan 15th - Lloyd Bridges, San Leandro California, actor (Sea Hunt, Roots, Airplane)
Jan 15th - Miriam Hyde, Australian composer (d. 2005)
Jan 15th - Alexander Marinesko, captain of the S-13 submarine, which sank the German ship Wilhelm Gustloff (d. 1963)
Jan 17th - Werenfried [Flip] van Straaten, founder (Oostpriesterhulp)
Jan 17th - Yuvraj of Patiala, cricketer (scored 24 & 60 in only Test India v Eng)
Jan 18th - Danny Kaye, Brooklyn New York, American UNICEF/comedian/actor (Danny Kaye Show)
Jan 19th - Phyllis Flowerdew, school Reading text author
Jan 19th - Rex Ingamells, Australian poet (d. 1955)
Jan 19th - "Minnesota Fats", American billiards player (d. 1996)
Jan 22nd - Verdina Shlonsky, composer
Jan 22nd - William Cardinal Conway, Northern Irish clergyman (d. 1977)
Jan 22nd - Carl F. H. Henry, American theologian and publisher (d. 2003)
Jan 24th - Mark Goodson, TV game-show proudcer (Goodson-Toddman)
Jan 24th - Norman Dello Joio, [Dello Ioio], composer, born in NYC, New York
Jan 25th - Luis Marden, American photojournalist (d. 2003)
Jan 26th - Jimmy Van Heusen, songwriter (Love & Marriage)
Jan 26th - William Prince, Nichols NY, actor (City in Fear, Cyrano de Bergerac)
Jan 27th - Milton Adolphus, composer
Jan 27th - Valery Viktorovich Zhelobinsky, composer
Jan 28th - Jan Masseus, composer
Jan 28th - Oliver Chesterton, chartered surveyor
Jan 29th - Victor Mature, Louisville KY, actor (1 Million BC, Samson & Delilah) (d. 1999)
Jan 29th - Daniel Taradash, American screenwriter (d. 2003)
Jan 29th - Peter von Zahn, German journalist and writer (d. 2001)
Jan 30th - Dicky Fuller, cricketer (one Test WI v England 1935, 1, 0-12)
Jan 30th - Percy Thrower, English radio host
First Wide Receiver in NFL History Don HutsonFirst Wide Receiver in NFL History Don Hutson (Jan 31st) Jan 31st - Don Hutson, Pine Bluff Arkansas, first NFL wide receiver (Green Bay Packers)
Jan 31st - Hector Iglesias Villoud, composer
Jan 31st - Wayne Millner, NFL end (Boston/Washington Redskins)
Feb 1st - Jeffrey Kindersley Quill, Test pilot
Feb 2nd - Poul Reichhardt, Danish actor (d. 1985)
Feb 3rd - Richard Seaman, British racing driver (d. 1939)
Feb 4th - Rosa Parks, Tuskegee Alabama, American civil rights activist (bus protestor)
Feb 5th - Rozelle Claxton, pianist/arranger
Feb 6th - John Lund, actor (Wackiest Ship in the Army), born in Rochester, New York
Feb 6th - Mary Nicol Leakey, palaeontologist
Feb 8th - Betty Field, actress (Kings Row, Bus Stop), born in Boston, Massachusetts
Paleoanthropologist Mary LeakeyPaleoanthropologist Mary Leakey (Feb 6th) Feb 8th - John Grandy, Brits RAF-marshal
Feb 9th - Leo van der Kar, masseur/businessman/founder (Sports funds)
Feb 10th - Philippa Bevans, actress (Notorious Landlady, World of Henry Orient)
Feb 10th - Ragnhild Marie Hatton, historian
Feb 11th - Lucio Diestro San Pedro, composer
Feb 12th - Pedro Gastao de Orleans e Braganca, grandson of emperor Pedro I
Feb 13th - Arthur Carleton Hetherington, public servant
Feb 13th - Guiseppe Dossetti, politician/priest
Feb 14th - Woody Hayes, [Wayne], college football coach (Ohio, 1968 coach of the year)
Feb 14th - Ab [Albert] Visser, Dutch poet/writer (Man Without a Head)
Feb 14th - James Pike, bishop (Beyond Anxiety), born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
Feb 14th - Jimmy Hoffa, Teamsters leader who disappeared in 1975
Feb 14th - Mel Allen, Birmingham Alabama, American sportscaster (voice of NY Yankees)
Feb 15th - Willy Vandersteen, Belgian cartoonist (Suske & Wiske)
Feb 15th - Erich Eliskases, Austrian chess player (d. 1997)
Feb 17th - Josephine F "Fietje" van Anrooy, Dutch actress/director
Feb 17th - Oskar Danon, composer
Feb 17th - Rene Leibowitz, composer
Feb 18th - Artur Axmann, nazi youth leader
Feb 18th - Dane Clark, Bkln, actor (Wire Service, Bold Venture, Perry Mason)
Feb 19th - Alvin Derold Etler, composer
Feb 20th - Jozef Kresanek, composer
Feb 20th - Mary Durack, author
Feb 20th - Rex Tucker, TV writer/director
Feb 21st - Glenn M Anderson, (Rep-D-CA, 1969- )
Feb 21st - Roger Laurent, Belgian racing driver (d. 1997)
Feb 23rd - Charles Leonard, US, pentathelete (Olympic-1936)
Feb 23rd - Edward Fiennes-Clinton, 18th Earl of Lincoln
Feb 24th - Richard Murphey Goodwin, economist
Feb 25th - Gert Froebe, Saxony Germany, actor (Goldfinger)
Feb 25th - Jim Backus, Cleve, actor (Mr Magoo, Thurston Howell III-Gilligan Is)
Feb 26th - George G Barker, English poet (Calamiterror, Anno Domini)
Feb 26th - Hermann Lenz, writer
Feb 27th - Frank Allaun, British MP (L)
Feb 27th - Irwin Shaw, US, novelist (Rich Man Poor Man)
Feb 27th - Kazimierz Sabbat, Polish president (d. 1989)
Mar 1st - Helmut Erich Robert Gernsheim, photogrpaher/collector
Mar 2nd - Godfried [Jan Arnold] Bomans, Dutch humorist/writer (Pieter Bas)
Mar 2nd - Marjorie Weaver, Crossville Tennessee, actress (Young Mr Lincoln)
Mar 2nd - Mort Cooper, baseball player (NL MVP 1942)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 7 of 7

US Admiral Chester NimitzUS Admiral Chester Nimitz (Apr 9th) Apr 9th - US Admiral Chester Nimitz (28) weds Catherine Freeman (21) in Wollaston, Massachusetts
Apr 12th - Author Upton Sinclair (34) weds writer Mary Craig (31)
Jun 4th - Author A.A. Milne (31) weds Dorothy Daphne de Selincourt
Jul 19th - Billboard publishes earliest known "Last Week's 10 Best Sellers among Popular Songs" Malinda's Wedding Day is #1
Oct 14th - Athlete Jim Thorpe (25) weds Margaret Iva Miller at St. Patrick's Catholic Church in Carlisle, Pennsylvania
Oct 15th - Author Beatrix Potter (47) weds solicitor William Heelis at St Mary Abbots in Kensington, London
Nov 25th - 28th US President Woodrow Wilson's daughter Jessie marries in The White House

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 68 of 68

Jan 2nd - Leon P Teisserenc de Bort, Fr meteorologist (stratosphere), dies at 57
Jan 4th - Alfred von Schlieffen, Prussian general-field marshal, dies at 79
Jan 6th - Frederick Hitch, English Victoria Cross Winner (b. 1856)
Jan 7th - Jack Boyle, American baseball player (b. 1866)
Jan 13th - Thomas P Krag, Norw author/novelist (Jon Graeff, Ulf Ran), dies at 44
Jan 17th - Carl Baermann, composer, dies at 73
Jan 18th - Edmond R H Regout, Dutch industrialist/politician, dies at 49
Jan 19th - David Emlyn Evans, composer, dies at 69
Jan 22nd - Ferdinand van der Haeghen, Flemish librarian/bibliographer, dies at 82
Jan 23rd - Nazim Pasha, Turkey's PM, assassinated
Jan 24th - Gustav Luders, composer, dies at 47
Feb 22nd - Ferdinand Mongin de Saussure, Swiss linguist, dies at 55
Feb 22nd - Francisco Indalecio Madero, Mex pres, assassinated in milt coup at 39
Feb 22nd - Suarez, Mexican vice pres, assassinated in a miltary coup
Feb 23rd - Jimmy Sinclair, cricketer (3 centuries in 25 Test S Afr career), dies
Feb 26th - Felix Draeseke, composer, dies at 77
Feb 27th - Adam Sedgwick, English zoologist (Peripatus), dies at 58
Feb 28th - Elephant seal, 6.8-m, 4000-kg, killed in S Georgia (South Atlantic)
Mar 7th - Emily Pauline Johnson, Native Canadian poet
Mar 9th - Eberhard Nestle, German biblical scholar, dies at 61
Abolitionist Harriet TubmanAbolitionist Harriet Tubman (Mar 10th) Mar 10th - Harriet Tubman, abolitionist, conductor on Underground RR, dies in NY at about 93
Mar 12th - Joseph Bayer, composer, dies at 61
Mar 18th - George I, king of Greece (1861-1913), assassinated by Schinas at 67
Mar 19th - John Thomas, composer, dies at 87
Mar 20th - Christian Barnekow, composer, dies at 75
Mar 20th - Song Jiao-ren, leader Chinese Guomindang-Party, dies
Mar 22nd - Sung Chiao-jen, Chinese Nationalist (b. 1882)
Mar 31st - John Pierpont Morgan, US banker/CEO (US Steel Corp), dies at 75
Apr 6th - Jose Marraco y Ferrer, composer, dies on 78th birthday
Apr 14th - Karl Hagenbeck, German animal trainer (Von Tieren), dies at 68
May 1st - John Barclay Armstrong, Texas Ranger and U.S. Marshal (b. 1850)
May 16th - Louis Perrier, member of the Swiss Federal Council (b. 1849)
May 18th - Otto Reubke, composer, dies at 70
May 28th - Lord Avebury, [John Lubbock], British banker/politician, dies
Jun 3rd - Josef Richard Rozkosny, composer, dies at 79
Jun 5th - Chris von der Ahe, baseball pioneer (b. 1851)
Jun 8th - Emily Wilding Davison, suffragette, trampled to death by a horse
Jun 11th - Machmud Shevket Pasha, Turks grand vizier, murdered
Jun 21st - Stefan O Iosif, Romanian poet (Beautiful Irine), dies at 37
Jun 24th - Frank Lynes, composer, dies at 55
Jun 28th - Manoel Ferraz de Campos Salles, President of Brazil (b. 1841)
Jul 5th - Alfred Lyttelton, cricketer (Eng wk 1880-84 demon lob bowler), dies
Jul 7th - Edward Burd Grubb, American Civil War Union Brevet Brigadier General (b.1841)
Jul 8th - Louis Hémon, French-born writer (b. 1880)
Jul 19th - Clímaco Calderón, President of Colombia (b. 1852)
Jul 29th - Tobias MC Asser, lawyer (Nobel 1911), dies
Jul 31st - John Milne, British Geologist, Seismologist, and Anthropologist who developed the first modern seismograph, dies of Bright's disease at 62
Aug 7th - David Popper, composer, dies at 70
Aug 13th - F August Bebel, German social-democrat, dies
Sep 9th - Count Paul J Smet de Naeyer, Belgian politician, dies
Sep 12th - Major R B Stewart, cricketer (scored 4 & 9 in S Afr's 1st Test), dies
Sep 13th - Alfred Gaul, composer, dies at 76
Sep 29th - Rudolph C K Diesel, German constructer (Diesel Motor), dies at 55
Oct 1st - Eugene O'Keefe, Canadian businessman and philanthropist (b. 1827)
Oct 5th - Hans von Bartels, German painter (b. 1856)
Oct 10th - Katsura Taro, Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1848)
Oct 10th - Adolphus Busch, American brewer (Anheuser-Busch) (b. 1839)
Oct 20th - Leander Schlegel, composer, dies at 69
Oct 23rd - Edwin Klebs, German Physician and Bacteriologist (bacterial theory of infection, diphtheria bacillus), dies at 79
Oct 31st - William Evans-Gordon, British politician (b. 1857)
Nov 3rd - Hans Bronsart von Schellendorf, composer, dies at 83
Naturalist, biologist, and explorer Alfred Russel WallaceNaturalist, biologist, and explorer Alfred Russel Wallace (Nov 7th) Nov 7th - Alfred Russel Wallace, British naturalist and biologist (b. 1823)
Nov 25th - Robert S Ball, Irish mathematician/astronomer (Ball Screw), dies
Dec 7th - Luigi Oreglia di Santo Stefano, Italian Catholic churchman and last surviving cardinal of Pius IX (b. 1828)
Dec 12th - Emperor Menelek II of Ethiopia (b. 1844)
Dec 17th - Stefano Gobatti, composer, dies at 61
Dec 22nd - Menelik II, King of Ethiopia (1896-1913), dies at 69
Dec 23rd - James Middleton, cricketer (24 wkt of lefty pace S Af 1895-1903), dies

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