This Day in History for 1st April

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 239

374 - Comet 1P/374 E1 (Halley) approaches within 0.0884 AUs of Earth
527 - Byzantine Emperor Justin I names his nephew Justinian I as co-ruler and successor to the throne
705 - Greek pope John VII chosen as successor to John VI
1064 - Body of bishop Eleutherius of Blandain moved to Doornik
1318 - Berwick-upon-Tweed is captured by the Scottish from the English.
1340 - Niels Ebbesen kills Gerhard III of Holstein in his bedroom, ending the 1332-1340 interregnum in Denmark.
1504 - English guilds/corp goes under state control
1572 - Watergeuzen capture Brielle from the Spaniards, during the Eighty Years' War, gaining the first foothold on land for what would become the Dutch Republic.
1581 - Portugese Cortes subjects himself on Philip II
1663 - Gemert fines unwed motherhood (50 guilder penalty)
1724 - Henry Pelham becomes English minister of War
Satirist Jonathan SwiftSatirist Jonathan Swift 1724 - Jonathan Swift publishes Drapier's letters
1748 - Ruins of Pompeii found
1776 - Friedrich von Klinger's "Sturm und Drang" premieres in Leipzig
1778 - New Orleans businessman Oliver Pollock creates "$" symbol
1789 - US House of Representatives 1st full meeting, NYC, F Muhlenberg 1st speaker
1792 - Gronings feminist Etta Palm demands women's right to divorce
1793 - Volcano Unsen on Japan erupts killing about 53,000
1803 - French law rules the use of intention
1826 - Samuel Mory patents internal combustion engine
Naturalist Charles DarwinNaturalist Charles Darwin 1836 - Charles Darwin aboard HMS Beagle reaches Cocos Islands
1850 - SF County government established
1853 - Cincinnati became 1st US city to pay fire fighters a regular salary
1854 - Hard Times begins serialisation in Charles Dickens magazine, Household Words.
1857 - Herman Melville publishes The Confidence-Man.
1862 - Shenandoah Valley campaign, Jackson's Battle of Woodstock, VA
1863 - 1st wartime conscription law in US goes into effect
1865 - -9] Battle at Blakely Alabama
1865 - Battle of 5 Forks Virginia, signalling end of Lee's army
Moby Dick Author Herman MelvilleMoby Dick Author Herman Melville 1866 - US Congress rejects presidential veto giveing all equal rights in US
1867 - Blacks vote in municipal election in Tuscumbia, Alabama
1867 - International Exhibition opens in Paris
1867 - Singapore, Penang & Malakka become British crown colonies
1868 - Hampton Institute opens
1872 - 1st edition of The Standard
1873 - British White Star steamship Atlantic sinks off Nova Scotia, 547 die
1873 - Mehmed Kemals play "Vatan" premeres in Constantinople
1876 - 1st official NL baseball game (Boston-6, Phila-5)
1881 - Anti-Jewish riots in Jerusalem
1881 - Kingdom post office in Netherlands opens
1888 - Soccer team Sparta forms in Rotterdam
1889 - 1st dishwashing machine marketed (Chicago)
1891 - London-Paris telephone connection opens
1891 - Painter Gauguin leaves Marseille for Tahiti
1891 - The Wrigley Company is founded in Chicago, Illinois.
1899 - NC Mutual opens doors for business
1900 - 1st edition of Dutch newspaper "The People"
1905 - British East African Protectorate becomes colony of Kenya
1905 - SOS first adopted as a morse distress signal (· · · – – – · · ·) by German government
1910 - Dumitru Dan (Romania) completes a 62,137 mile (100,000 m) walk
1912 - Greek athlete Konstantinos Tsiklitiras breaks the world record -in standing long jump jumping 3.47 metres.
1914 - UVS Soccer team forms in Lead
1916 - 1st US national women's swiming championships held
Author Henry MillerAuthor Henry Miller 1918 - Henry Miller's Theater opens at 124 W 43rd St NYC
1918 - United Kingdom: the Royal Air Force is created from the Royal Naval Air Service and the Royal Flying Corps.
1920 - The (Anglican) Church in Wales disestablished
1920 - Stanley Cup: Ottawa Senators (NHL) beat Seattle (PCHA), 3 games to 2
1924 - Crown takes over Northern Rhodesia from British South Africa Co
1924 - Hitler sentenced to 5 years labor but Gen Ludendorff acquitted
1924 - Imperial Airways forms in Britain
1924 - The Royal Canadian Air Force is formed.
1925 - 1st transmission of Danish state radio
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf HitlerDictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler 1925 - Hebrew University, Jerusalem dedicated [see May 9, 1925]
1926 - Halsteren Soccer team forms in Halsteren
1927 - 1st automatic record changer introduced by His Master's Voice
1928 - Chiang Kai-shek's army crosses Yang-tse
1929 - Austrian government of Ignaz Seipel falls
1929 - Doorne's trailer factory in Einsdhoven Netherlands opens
1929 - Louie Marx introduces Yo-Yo
1929 - Luis Buñuel releases "Un Chien Andalou" 24-minute film
1929 - Morehouse College, Spellman College & Atlanta University affiliate
1930 - "Blue Angel" starring unknown Marlene Dietrich premieres in America
Singer/Actress Marlene DietrichSinger/Actress Marlene Dietrich 1931 - Earthquake devastate Managua Nicaragua, kills 2,000
1931 - Jackie Mitchell became 1st female in professional baseball
1933 - Hammond scores 336* v NZ at Auckland, 47 fours 10 sixes
1933 - Heinrich Himmler becomes Police Commander of Germany
1933 - Nazi Germany begins persecution of Jews by boycotting Jewish businesses
1934 - Bonnie & Clyde kill 2 police officers
1935 - 1st radio tube made of metal announced, Schenectady, NY
1936 - Orissa constituted a province of British India
1936 - Charles "Lucky" Luciano" is arrested in Arkansas on a criminal warrant from New York
1937 - Aden becomes a British crown colony
1938 - Joe Louis KOs Harry Thomas in 5 for heavyweight boxing title
Spanish Dictator and General Francisco FrancoSpanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco 1939 - US recognizes Franco government in Spain at end of Spanish civil war. Pope Pius XII congratulates Generalissimo Franco's victory in Spain
1941 - Lillian Hellman's "Watch on the Rhine" premieres in NYC
1941 - Navy takes over Treasure Island (SF Bay)
1941 - Nazis forbid Jews access to cafés
1941 - Pro-German Rashid Ali al-Ghailani grabs power in Iraq
1941 - The Blockade Runner Badge for German Kriegsmarine is instituted.
1942 - Allied air raid on harbor city Kupang Timor
1942 - Mexico changes from 3 time zones to 2
1944 - Japanese troops conquer Jessami, Eastern India
1945 - 1st edition of Indonesia Merdeka publishes
1945 - Canadian troops free Doetinchem, Enschede, Borculo & Eibergen
1945 - Ruhrgebied sealed off by US 1st & 9th army
1945 - Sons of Elburger Soccer team forms in Elburg
1945 - US forces invade Okinawa during WW II
1946 - 400,000 US mine workers strike
1946 - Tsunamis generated by a quake in Aleutian Trench strike Hilo, Hawaii
1946 - Van Acker forms Belgian government (without CVP)

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 258

1220 - Emperor Go-Saga of Japan (d. 1272)
1283 - Ludwig IV of Baveria, Roman Catholic Bavarian emperor (1314-47)
1543 - François de Bonne, duc de Lesdiguières, Constable of France (d. 1626)
1578 - William Harvey, England, physician (discovered blood circulation)
1582 - Gaspar de Crayer, Flemish painter
1582 - Thomas Simpson, composer
1610 - Charles de Saint-Évremond, French soldier (d. 1703)
1640 - Georg Mohr, Danish mathematician (d. 1697)
1643 - Christian Demelius, composer
1647 - John Wilmot, 2nd Earl of Rochester, English poet (d. 1680)
1697 - Antoine François Prévost, French author and novelist (d. 1763)
1721 - Pieter Hellendaal, Dutch violinist/organist/composer (Glees)
1725 - Francois Bainville, composer
1753 - Joseph de Maistre, French diplomat and writer (d. 1821)
1755 - Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin, French lawyer (Fisiologia del Gusto)
1765 - Luigi Schiavonetti, Italian engraver (d. 1810)
1772 - Ignaz Franz von Mosel, composer
1776 - Sophie Germain, French mathematician (d. 1831)
1785 - J H Ferdinand Olivier, German painter
1802 - Hubert Reis, composer
1807 - Fredrik Cygnaeus, Finnish poet/literature critic
1809 - Willem Ruys J Dz, Dutch ship owner
German Statesman Otto Von BismarckGerman Statesman Otto Von Bismarck (1815) 1815 - Otto Von Bismarck, Germany, chancellor (1866-90)
1817 - Johannes J van Oosterzee, Dutch theologist
1823 - Simon Bolivar Buckner, Lt Gen (Confederate Army), died in 1914
1834 - Isidore Edouard Legouix, composer
1834 - Big Jim Fisk, American entrepreneur (d. 1872)
1843 - Ludwig Enneccerus, German jurist
1847 - Gavriil Musicescu, composer
1847 - Jules-Nicolas Crevaux, French explorer (South America)
1852 - Edward Austin Abbey, US, painter (Quest of the Holy Grail)
1854 - Bill Traylor, American artist (d. 1949)
1856 - Acacio Gabriel Viegas, Indian physician (d. 1933)
1858 - Arnold Aletrino, Dutch physician-criminologist/author (From Life)
1858 - Gaetano Mosca, Italian sociologist (Circulation of Elite)
1864 - Marie Jungius, Dutch fairy tale writer
1865 - Richard Zsigmondy, Germany, chemist (Nobel-1925)
1866 - Ferruccio D M B Busoni, Italy, pianist/composer/conductor (Arlecchino)
1866 - Sophonisba Breckenridge, scholar/teacher/social activist
1868 - Edmond Rostand, France, poet/playwright (Cyrano de Bergerac)
1869 - Peter A Egge, Norwegian writer (De Droom)
1871 - F Melius Christiansen, composer
1872 - Tadeusz Joteyko, composer
1873 - Sergei Rachmaninoff, Novgorod Russia, composer (Prelude in C# Minor)
1875 - Edgar Wallace, England, novelist/playwright/journalist (Terror)
1878 - Carl Sternheim, German playwright (Hyperion/Tabula Rasa)
1880 - Agha Petros, Assyrian general (d. 1932)
1882 - Paul Anspach, Belgian Olympic champion fencer (d. 1991)
1883 - Aleksander V Aleksandrov, Russian composer/conductor
1883 - Lon Chaney, CO, man of 1000 faces, actor (High Noon, Phantom of Opera)
1884 - Laurette Taylor, [Helen LM Cooney], US actress (Broadway)
1885 - Clementine Ogilvy Spencer-Churchill (Hozier), British barones
1886 - Casimir von Paszthory, composer
1886 - Wallace Beery, KC MO, actor (Alias a Gentleman, Dinner at 8)
1887 - Leonard Bloomfield, US linguist
1893 - Cicely Courtneidge, Sydney Australia, actress (Double Exposure)
1895 - Alberta Hunter, blues singer/composer (Downhearted Blues)
1897 - Willem H van de Pol, Dutch theologist (Christian Dilemma)
1898 - Nita Naldi [Anita Donna Dooley], NYC, actress (Blood & Sand)
1898 - Pola Gojawiczynska, Polish writer (Stolica)
1898 - Roger Bastide, French sociologist
1898 - William James Sidis, American genius (d. 1944)
1899 - Gustavs Celmins, Latvian politician (d. 1968)
1900 - Robert McDowell, Mayor of Maryborough, Queensland (d. 1988)
1901 - Boris Koutzen, composer
1901 - Whittaker Chambers, American writer, editor, and defector (d. 1961)
1902 - L P Jai, cricketer (one Test India v England 1934, scored 19 & 0)
1902 - Maria Polydouri, Greek poet (d. 1930)
1904 - Juan Gil-Albert, poet
1905 - Clara "Mother" Hale, US social worker (Hale House)
1905 - Gaston Eyskens, PM of Belgium (1949, 1958-61, 1968-72)
1905 - Winfried P I Zillig, German opera composer/conductor (Fantasia Irica)
1906 - Ned Glass, Poland, actor (Sol-Julia, Uncle Moe-Bridget Loves Bernie)
1906 - Sigve Lie, Norway, yachtsmans (Olympic-gold-1948, 52)
1907 - Walter Kaufmann, composer
1908 - Abraham H Maslow, US psychologist (humanistic psychology)
1909 - Abner Biberman, Milwaukee Wisc, director/actor (Imhook-Kodiak)
1909 - Eddie Duchin, Mass, society pianist/bandleader (Eddie Duchin Orch)
1911 - Evert H "Bep" Bakhuys, Dutch soccer star/writer
1911 - Ferdinand J Kranenburg, Dutch Secretary of Defense (soc dem)
1911 - Gunther Rennert, Essen Germany, opera director/producer
1914 - Carla van Neste, Belgian violinist
1914 - Lor Tok, Thai comedian and actor (d. 2002)
1915 - Art Lund, Salt Lake City Utah, singer (Ken Murray Show)
1915 - Otto Wilhelm Fischer, Austrian actor (d. 2004)
1917 - Johnny Andrews, Boston, singer/host (Songs at Twilight)
1917 - Leon Janney, Ogden Ut, actor (Hawk)
1919 - Joseph Murray, American surgeon, Nobel laureate, (d. 2012)
1920 - Joan Frances Will, actress
Actor & Writer Toshiro MifuneActor & Writer Toshiro Mifune (1920) 1920 - Toshiro Mifune, Tsing-tao China, writer/actor (Shogun)
1921 - Douglas Allenbrook, composer
1921 - William L Bergsma, Oakland California, composer (Fortunate Island)
1921 - Ken Reardon, Canadian ice hockey player
1922 - William Manchester, Attleboro Mass, historian (Death of a President)
1923 - Bobby Jordan, NY, actor (Bowery Champs, Kid Dynamite, Flying Wild)
1924 - Gunther Becker, composer
1924 - Brendan Byrne, Governor of New Jersey
1924 - Miodrag Petrović, Serbian actor (d. 2003)
1925 - Sala Burton, (Rep-D-CA, 1983- )
1926 - Anne [Inez] McCaffrey, US, sci-fi author (Dragonflight, Dragondrums)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 6 of 6

Poet Phillis WheatleyPoet Phillis Wheatley (1778) 1778 - Poet Phillis Wheatley (24) weds grocer and advocate for black rights John Peters
1959 - American science fiction writer "Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?" Philip K Dick marries 3rd wife Anne Williams Rubinstein
1961 - Jim Bakker marries Tammy Faye
1993 - Stephane Powers weds Patrick de la Chenais
2006 - Miss Costa Rica 2001 Piarella Peralta weds Dutch banker Tiemo Wesseling at Iglesia de Orosi in the Cartago province of Costa Rica
2006 - Miss Puerto Rico 2003 Joyceline Montero weds architect Hansell Bajuelo at la Iglesia de la Misericordia in Guaynabo City

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 1 of 1

1990 - Guns & Roses' Duff divorces Mandy Brix, lead singer for Lame Flames

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 127

1085 - Emperor Shenzong of China (b. 1048)
1132 - St-Hugues, Bishop of Grenoble (b. 1053)
1204 - Eleanor of Aquitaine, wife of Louis VII & Henry II, dies at 81
1205 - Amalrik II, King of Cyprus/Jerusalem, dies
1528 - Francisco de Peñalosa, Spanish composer
1548 - Sigismund I, the Elder, King of Poland, dies at 81
1580 - Alonso Mudarra, Spanish composer
1611 - Gillis van Valkenborch, Flemish painter, buried at about 72
1621 - Cristofano Allori, Italian painter (b. 1577)
1637 - Niwa Nagashige, Japanese warlord (b. 1571)
1682 - Franz Egon of Fürstenberg, Bavarian Catholic archbishop (b. 1625)
1734 - Louis Lully, composer, dies at 69
1787 - Floyer Sydenham, English classical scholar (b. 1710)
1791 - Richard Butler American soldier (b. 1743)
1799 - Narciso Casanovas, composer, dies at 52
1807 - Louis Francois Chambray, composer, dies at 69
1807 - Vaclav Josef Bartolomej Praupner, composer, dies at 61
1814 - Jozef de Ferraris, French/Austrian general/cartographer, dies at 87
1830 - Carl Borromaus Neuner, composer, dies at 51
1832 - Robert the Hermit, US ex-slave/hermit in Massachusetts, dies
1839 - Benjamin Pierce, American politician (b. 1757)
1865 - Giuditta Pasta, Italian soprano (b. 1797)
1866 - Aime Ambroise Simon Leborne, composer, dies at 98
1866 - Johannes C H de Meijere, Dutch zoologist, dies
1869 - Anthony G O Ridder van Rappard, Min of Reformed Worship, dies at 69
1870 - Patrick Gass, sgt of Lewis & Clark Expedition, dies at 98
1872 - Frederick Maurice, English theologian (b. 1805)
1872 - William Frederick Horry, English convicted murderer (b. 1843)
1878 - Eugene Gautier, composer, dies at 56
1878 - John Corry Wilson Daly, Canadian politician (b. 1796)
1890 - David Wilber, American politician (b. 1820)
1901 - Francois M Raoult, Fren physicist/chemist (Law of Raoult), dies at 70
1910 - Andreas Aschenbach, German painter/engraver, dies at 94
1914 - Rube Waddell, baseballer, dies at 37 of TB
1915 - Johann Joseph Abert, composer, dies at 82
1916 - Gabrielle Petit, Belgian resistance fighter, executed
Ragtime Composer Scott JoplinRagtime Composer Scott Joplin (1917) 1917 - Scott Joplin, ragtime composer (The Entertainer), dies at 48
1918 - Karl Fritjof Valentin, composer, dies at 64
1922 - Charles I, emperor (Austria)/King of Hungary (Charles IV), dies
1925 - Francis William Davenport, composer, dies at 77
1930 - Cosima Liszt, wife of Austrian composer Richard Wagner, dies at 92
1930 - Zawditu, 1st reigning female monarch of Ethiopia, dies
1933 - Frederick Lord Chelmsford, viceroy of Brit-Ind (1916-21), dies at 64
1936 - Mikhail Vladimirovich Ivanov-Boretsky, composer, dies at 61
1941 - Hippolyte Delehaye, Flemish historian, dies at 81
1946 - Noah Beery, actor (Beau Geste, Cimarron Kid, Mammy), dies at 62
1947 - George II, king of Greece, dies at 56
Surgeon and Medical Researcher Charles R. DrewSurgeon and Medical Researcher Charles R. Drew (1950) 1950 - Charles R. Drew, surgeon/developer of blood bank concept, dies at 45
1951 - Clement D'Hooghe, composer, dies at 51
1955 - Silvio d'Amico, Italian theater critic (Il Teatro Italian), dies at 68
1957 - Gheorge Tatarescu, premier Romania (1933-37, 39-40), dies
1960 - Piet[er O] Bakker, Dutch journalist/writer (Ciske), dies at 62
1964 - Bozidar Kunc, composer, dies at 60
1965 - Henry D G Crerar, Canadian general (WW I, Normandy), dies at 76
1965 - Helena Rubinstein, Polish-born American cosmetics manufacturer (b. 1870)
1966 - Karl B Adam, German theologist (Jesus Christ), dies at 89
1966 - Flann O'Brien, Irish humorist (b. 1911)
1968 - Lev D Landau, Russian physicist (Nobel 1962), dies at 59
1973 - Arthur Wood, cricket wicket-keeper (England 1938-39), dies
1974 - Alfred Ernest Whitehead, composer, dies at 86
1975 - Eugeen Yoors, Flemish draftsman/glass painter, dies at 95
1976 - Freddie Lennon, father of John Lennon (Beatles), dies at 63
1976 - Max Ernst, German/French surrealist painter/sculptor, dies at 85
1976 - Miroslav Ponc, composer, dies at 73
1976 - S Constantine Timoshenko, Russian marshal, dies at 75
1979 - Marinus Peijnenburg, Dutch politician, dies at 51
1979 - Bruno Coquatrix, French music impresario (b. 1910)
1981 - D[ennis] F[eltham] Jones, sci-fi author (Colossus), dies at 65
1981 - Eua Sunthornsanan, Thai composer and bandleader (b. 1910)
Singer Marvin GayeSinger Marvin Gaye (1984) 1984 - Marvin Gaye, singer (Sexual Healing), shot to death by his father Marvin Gaye Sr in LA at 44
1985 - Douglass Wallop, American novelist and playwright (b. 1920)
1988 - Jim Jordan, actor (Fibber McGee), dies from a blod clot at 91
1988 - Marius W Holtrop, economist/president (Netherlands Bank), dies at 85
1989 - Henk Gortzak, Dutch MP (CPN/PSP), dies at 57
1991 - Martha Graham, US, choreographer (Appalachian Spring), dies at 96
1991 - Paulo Muwanga, chief of Uganda (1980), dies
1991 - Richard Thorpe, director (MGM), dies at 95
1991 - Jaime Guzmán, Chilean politician (b.1946)
1992 - Juanito, soccer star (Madrid Real 1977-87), dies at 37 in car crash
1993 - Alan Kulwicki, stock car racer, dies in plane crash at 38
1993 - Ihsan Mohamed Salem, [Yunis Awad], Palestinian Al-Fatah leader, killed
1993 - Juan of Borbon y Battemberg, father of king Juan Carlos I, dies
1993 - Wayne Mack, sportscaster/actor (Storyville), dies of cancer at 68
1994 - Leon Degrelle, Belgium general, dies
1994 - Robert Doisneau, French photographer (The Kiss), dies at 81
1994 - Rosalind Laura Burke, aviatrix, dies at 86
1994 - Stuart Sloan, war hero/test pilot, dies at 72
1995 - Cheryl Waltz, author/film producer, dies at 50
1995 - Francisco Moncion, dancer, dies at 73
1995 - Johnny Nicholss, footballer, dies at 63
1995 - Lucie Rie, potter, dies at 93
1995 - Richard Pool, naval Officer, dies at 75
1995 - Sampson DeBrier, actor (Inauguration of Pleasure Dome), dies at 86
1995 - Lucy Rie, American potter (b. 1902)
1995 - H. Adams Carter, American Alpine Club President, 10th Mountain Division trainer (b. 1914)
1996 - Alfredo Nobre Coast, PM of Portugal (1978), dies
1996 - Edwin H "Buddy" Morris, music publisher, dies at 89
1996 - John Alwyne Kitching, zoologist, dies at 87
1996 - John McSheery, dies of heart attack while umpiring a game, at 51
1996 - Mario Viegas, actor (The Jew, Divine Comedy), dies at 47

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