This Day in History for 1st April

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 246

374 - Comet 1P/374 E1 (Halley) approaches within 0.0884 AUs of Earth
527 - Byzantine Emperor Justin I names his nephew Justinian I as co-ruler and successor to the throne
705 - Greek pope John VII chosen as successor to John VI
1064 - Body of bishop Eleutherius of Blandain moved to Doornik
1318 - Berwick-upon-Tweed is captured by the Scottish from the English.
1340 - Niels Ebbesen kills Gerhard III of Holstein in his bedroom, ending the 1332-1340 interregnum in Denmark.
1504 - English guilds/corp goes under state control
1572 - Watergeuzen capture Brielle from the Spaniards, during the Eighty Years' War, gaining the first foothold on land for what would become the Dutch Republic.
1581 - Portugese Cortes subjects himself on Philip II
1663 - Gemert fines unwed motherhood (50 guilder penalty)
Puritan Minister Cotton MatherPuritan Minister Cotton Mather 1693 - Cotton Mather's four-day-old son dies, and witchcraft is blamed
1724 - Henry Pelham becomes English minister of War
1724 - Jonathan Swift publishes Drapier's letters
1748 - Ruins of Pompeii found
1776 - Friedrich von Klinger's "Sturm und Drang" premieres in Leipzig
1778 - New Orleans businessman Oliver Pollock creates "$" symbol
1789 - US House of Representatives 1st full meeting, NYC, F Muhlenberg 1st speaker
1792 - Gronings feminist Etta Palm demands women's right to divorce
Satirist Jonathan SwiftSatirist Jonathan Swift 1793 - Volcano Unsen on Japan erupts killing about 53,000
1803 - French law rules the use of intention
1826 - Samuel Mory patents internal combustion engine
1826 - Samuel Morey is issued the first U.S. patent for an internal-combustion engine, which he calls a “Gas or Vapour Engine"
1836 - Charles Darwin aboard HMS Beagle reaches Cocos Islands
1850 - SF County government established
1853 - Cincinnati became 1st US city to pay fire fighters a regular salary
1854 - Hard Times begins serialisation in Charles Dickens magazine, Household Words.
1857 - Herman Melville publishes The Confidence-Man.
Moby Dick Author Herman MelvilleMoby Dick Author Herman Melville 1862 - Shenandoah Valley campaign, Jackson's Battle of Woodstock, VA
1863 - 1st wartime conscription law in US goes into effect
1865 - -9] Battle at Blakely Alabama
1865 - Battle of 5 Forks Virginia, signalling end of Lee's army
1866 - US Congress rejects presidential veto giveing all equal rights in US
1867 - Blacks vote in municipal election in Tuscumbia, Alabama
1867 - International Exhibition opens in Paris
1867 - Singapore, Penang & Malakka become British crown colonies
1868 - Hampton Institute opens
1872 - 1st edition of The Standard
1873 - British White Star steamship Atlantic sinks off Nova Scotia, 547 die
1873 - Mehmed Kemals play "Vatan" premeres in Constantinople
1876 - 1st official NL baseball game (Boston-6, Phila-5)
1881 - Anti-Jewish riots in Jerusalem
1881 - Kingdom post office in Netherlands opens
1888 - Soccer team Sparta forms in Rotterdam
1889 - 1st dishwashing machine marketed (Chicago)
1891 - London-Paris telephone connection opens
1891 - Painter Gauguin leaves Marseille for Tahiti
1891 - The Wrigley Company is founded in Chicago, Illinois.
1899 - NC Mutual opens doors for business
1900 - 1st edition of Dutch newspaper "The People"
1905 - British East African Protectorate becomes colony of Kenya
1905 - SOS first adopted as a morse distress signal (· · · – – – · · ·) by German government
1910 - Dumitru Dan (Romania) completes a 62,137 mile (100,000 m) walk
1912 - Greek athlete Konstantinos Tsiklitiras breaks the world record -in standing long jump jumping 3.47 metres.
1914 - UVS Soccer team forms in Lead
1916 - 1st US national women's swiming championships held
Author Henry MillerAuthor Henry Miller 1918 - Henry Miller's Theater opens at 124 W 43rd St NYC
1918 - United Kingdom: the Royal Air Force is created from the Royal Naval Air Service and the Royal Flying Corps.
1920 - The (Anglican) Church in Wales disestablished
1920 - Stanley Cup: Ottawa Senators (NHL) beat Seattle (PCHA), 3 games to 2
1924 - Crown takes over Northern Rhodesia from British South Africa Co
1924 - Hitler sentenced to 5 years labor but Gen Ludendorff acquitted
1924 - Imperial Airways forms in Britain
1924 - The Royal Canadian Air Force is formed.
1925 - 1st transmission of Danish state radio
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf HitlerDictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler 1925 - Hebrew University, Jerusalem dedicated [see May 9, 1925]
1926 - Halsteren Soccer team forms in Halsteren
1927 - 1st automatic record changer introduced by His Master's Voice
1928 - Chiang Kai-shek's army crosses Yang-tse
1929 - Austrian government of Ignaz Seipel falls
1929 - Doorne's trailer factory in Einsdhoven Netherlands opens
1929 - Louie Marx introduces Yo-Yo
1929 - Luis Buñuel releases "Un Chien Andalou" 24-minute film
1929 - Morehouse College, Spellman College & Atlanta University affiliate
1930 - "Blue Angel" starring unknown Marlene Dietrich premieres in America
Singer/Actress Marlene DietrichSinger/Actress Marlene Dietrich 1931 - Earthquake devastate Managua Nicaragua, kills 2,000
1931 - Jackie Mitchell became 1st female in professional baseball
1933 - Hammond scores 336* v NZ at Auckland, 47 fours 10 sixes
1933 - Heinrich Himmler becomes Police Commander of Germany
1933 - Nazi Germany begins persecution of Jews by boycotting Jewish businesses
1934 - Bonnie & Clyde kill 2 police officers
1934 - Clyde Barrow kills two young highway patrolmen, H. D. Murphy and Edward Bryant Wheeler, at the intersection of Route 114 and Dove Road near Grapevine, Texas. Bonnie Parker's role in the murders was greatly exaggerated, but helped turn public perception against the gang for good
1935 - 1st radio tube made of metal announced, Schenectady, NY
Bank Robber Clyde BarrowBank Robber Clyde Barrow 1936 - Orissa constituted a province of British India
1936 - Charles "Lucky" Luciano" is arrested in Arkansas on a criminal warrant from New York
1937 - Aden becomes a British crown colony
1938 - Joe Louis KOs Harry Thomas in 5 for heavyweight boxing title
1939 - US recognizes Franco government in Spain at end of Spanish civil war. Pope Pius XII congratulates Generalissimo Franco's victory in Spain
1941 - Lillian Hellman's "Watch on the Rhine" premieres in NYC
1941 - Navy takes over Treasure Island (SF Bay)
1941 - Nazis forbid Jews access to cafés
1941 - Pro-German Rashid Ali al-Ghailani grabs power in Iraq
Spanish Dictator and General Francisco FrancoSpanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco 1941 - The Blockade Runner Badge for German Kriegsmarine is instituted.
1942 - Allied air raid on harbor city Kupang Timor
1942 - Mexico changes from 3 time zones to 2
1944 - Japanese troops conquer Jessami, Eastern India
1945 - 1st edition of Indonesia Merdeka publishes
1945 - Canadian troops free Doetinchem, Enschede, Borculo & Eibergen
1945 - Ruhrgebied sealed off by US 1st & 9th army
1945 - Sons of Elburger Soccer team forms in Elburg
1945 - US forces invade Okinawa during WW II

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 258

1220 - Emperor Go-Saga of Japan (d. 1272)
1283 - Ludwig IV of Baveria, Roman Catholic Bavarian emperor (1314-47)
1543 - François de Bonne, duc de Lesdiguières, Constable of France (d. 1626)
1578 - William Harvey, England, physician (discovered blood circulation)
1582 - Gaspar de Crayer, Flemish painter
1582 - Thomas Simpson, composer
1610 - Charles de Saint-Évremond, French soldier (d. 1703)
1640 - Georg Mohr, Danish mathematician (d. 1697)
1643 - Christian Demelius, composer
1647 - John Wilmot, 2nd Earl of Rochester, English poet (d. 1680)
1697 - Antoine François Prévost, French author and novelist (d. 1763)
1721 - Pieter Hellendaal, Dutch violinist/organist/composer (Glees)
1725 - Francois Bainville, composer
1753 - Joseph de Maistre, French diplomat and writer (d. 1821)
1755 - Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin, French lawyer (Fisiologia del Gusto)
1765 - Luigi Schiavonetti, Italian engraver (d. 1810)
1772 - Ignaz Franz von Mosel, composer
1776 - Sophie Germain, French mathematician (d. 1831)
1785 - J H Ferdinand Olivier, German painter
1802 - Hubert Reis, composer
1807 - Fredrik Cygnaeus, Finnish poet/literature critic
1809 - Willem Ruys J Dz, Dutch ship owner
German Statesman Otto Von BismarckGerman Statesman Otto Von Bismarck (1815) 1815 - Otto Von Bismarck, Germany, chancellor (1866-90)
1817 - Johannes J van Oosterzee, Dutch theologist
1823 - Simon Bolivar Buckner, Lt Gen (Confederate Army), died in 1914
1834 - Isidore Edouard Legouix, composer
1834 - Big Jim Fisk, American entrepreneur (d. 1872)
1843 - Ludwig Enneccerus, German jurist
1847 - Gavriil Musicescu, composer
1847 - Jules-Nicolas Crevaux, French explorer (South America)
1852 - Edward Austin Abbey, US, painter (Quest of the Holy Grail)
1854 - Bill Traylor, American artist (d. 1949)
1856 - Acacio Gabriel Viegas, Indian physician (d. 1933)
1858 - Arnold Aletrino, Dutch physician-criminologist/author (From Life)
1858 - Gaetano Mosca, Italian sociologist (Circulation of Elite)
1864 - Marie Jungius, Dutch fairy tale writer
1865 - Richard Zsigmondy, Germany, chemist (Nobel-1925)
1866 - Ferruccio D M B Busoni, Italy, pianist/composer/conductor (Arlecchino)
1866 - Sophonisba Breckenridge, scholar/teacher/social activist
1868 - Edmond Rostand, France, poet/playwright (Cyrano de Bergerac)
1869 - Peter A Egge, Norwegian writer (De Droom)
1871 - F Melius Christiansen, composer
1872 - Tadeusz Joteyko, composer
1873 - Sergei Rachmaninoff, Novgorod Russia, composer (Prelude in C# Minor)
1875 - Edgar Wallace, England, novelist/playwright/journalist (Terror)
1878 - Carl Sternheim, German playwright (Hyperion/Tabula Rasa)
1880 - Agha Petros, Assyrian general (d. 1932)
1882 - Paul Anspach, Belgian Olympic champion fencer (d. 1991)
1883 - Aleksander V Aleksandrov, Russian composer/conductor
1883 - Lon Chaney, CO, man of 1000 faces, actor (High Noon, Phantom of Opera)
1884 - Laurette Taylor, [Helen LM Cooney], US actress (Broadway)
1885 - Clementine Ogilvy Spencer-Churchill (Hozier), British barones
1886 - Casimir von Paszthory, composer
1886 - Wallace Beery, KC MO, actor (Alias a Gentleman, Dinner at 8)
1887 - Leonard Bloomfield, US linguist
1893 - Cicely Courtneidge, Sydney Australia, actress (Double Exposure)
1895 - Alberta Hunter, blues singer/composer (Downhearted Blues)
1897 - Willem H van de Pol, Dutch theologist (Christian Dilemma)
1898 - Nita Naldi [Anita Donna Dooley], NYC, actress (Blood & Sand)
1898 - Pola Gojawiczynska, Polish writer (Stolica)
1898 - Roger Bastide, French sociologist
1898 - William James Sidis, American genius (d. 1944)
1899 - Gustavs Celmins, Latvian politician (d. 1968)
1900 - Robert McDowell, Mayor of Maryborough, Queensland (d. 1988)
1901 - Boris Koutzen, composer
1901 - Whittaker Chambers, American writer, editor, and defector (d. 1961)
1902 - L P Jai, cricketer (one Test India v England 1934, scored 19 & 0)
1902 - Maria Polydouri, Greek poet (d. 1930)
1904 - Juan Gil-Albert, poet
1905 - Clara "Mother" Hale, US social worker (Hale House)
1905 - Gaston Eyskens, PM of Belgium (1949, 1958-61, 1968-72)
1905 - Winfried P I Zillig, German opera composer/conductor (Fantasia Irica)
1906 - Ned Glass, Poland, actor (Sol-Julia, Uncle Moe-Bridget Loves Bernie)
1906 - Sigve Lie, Norway, yachtsmans (Olympic-gold-1948, 52)
1907 - Walter Kaufmann, composer
1908 - Abraham H Maslow, US psychologist (humanistic psychology)
1909 - Abner Biberman, Milwaukee Wisc, director/actor (Imhook-Kodiak)
1909 - Eddie Duchin, Mass, society pianist/bandleader (Eddie Duchin Orch)
1911 - Evert H "Bep" Bakhuys, Dutch soccer star/writer
1911 - Ferdinand J Kranenburg, Dutch Secretary of Defense (soc dem)
1911 - Gunther Rennert, Essen Germany, opera director/producer
1914 - Carla van Neste, Belgian violinist
1914 - Lor Tok, Thai comedian and actor (d. 2002)
1915 - Art Lund, Salt Lake City Utah, singer (Ken Murray Show)
1915 - Otto Wilhelm Fischer, Austrian actor (d. 2004)
1917 - Johnny Andrews, Boston, singer/host (Songs at Twilight)
1917 - Leon Janney, Ogden Ut, actor (Hawk)
1919 - Joseph Murray, American surgeon, Nobel laureate, (d. 2012)
1920 - Joan Frances Will, actress
Actor & Writer Toshiro MifuneActor & Writer Toshiro Mifune (1920) 1920 - Toshiro Mifune, Tsing-tao China, writer/actor (Shogun)
1921 - Douglas Allenbrook, composer
1921 - William L Bergsma, Oakland California, composer (Fortunate Island)
1921 - Ken Reardon, Canadian ice hockey player
1922 - William Manchester, Attleboro Mass, historian (Death of a President)
1923 - Bobby Jordan, NY, actor (Bowery Champs, Kid Dynamite, Flying Wild)
1924 - Gunther Becker, composer
1924 - Brendan Byrne, Governor of New Jersey
1924 - Miodrag Petrović, Serbian actor (d. 2003)
1925 - Sala Burton, (Rep-D-CA, 1983- )
1926 - Anne [Inez] McCaffrey, US, sci-fi author (Dragonflight, Dragondrums)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 7 of 7

Poet Phillis WheatleyPoet Phillis Wheatley (1778) 1778 - Poet Phillis Wheatley (24) weds grocer and advocate for black rights John Peters
1959 - American science fiction writer "Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?" Philip K Dick marries 3rd wife Anne Williams Rubinstein
1961 - Jim Bakker marries Tammy Faye
1993 - Stephane Powers weds Patrick de la Chenais
2006 - Miss Costa Rica 2001 Piarella Peralta weds Dutch banker Tiemo Wesseling at Iglesia de Orosi in the Cartago province of Costa Rica
2006 - Miss Puerto Rico 2003 Joyceline Montero weds architect Hansell Bajuelo at la Iglesia de la Misericordia in Guaynabo City
2014 - Media personality Willard Scott (80) weds Paris Keena in Fort Myers, Florida

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 1 of 1

1990 - Guns & Roses' Duff divorces Mandy Brix, lead singer for Lame Flames

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 127

1085 - Emperor Shenzong of China (b. 1048)
1132 - St-Hugues, Bishop of Grenoble (b. 1053)
1204 - Eleanor of Aquitaine, wife of Louis VII & Henry II, dies at 81
1205 - Amalrik II, King of Cyprus/Jerusalem, dies
1528 - Francisco de Peñalosa, Spanish composer
1548 - Sigismund I, the Elder, King of Poland, dies at 81
1580 - Alonso Mudarra, Spanish composer
1611 - Gillis van Valkenborch, Flemish painter, buried at about 72
1621 - Cristofano Allori, Italian painter (b. 1577)
1637 - Niwa Nagashige, Japanese warlord (b. 1571)
1682 - Franz Egon of Fürstenberg, Bavarian Catholic archbishop (b. 1625)
1734 - Louis Lully, composer, dies at 69
1787 - Floyer Sydenham, English classical scholar (b. 1710)
1791 - Richard Butler American soldier (b. 1743)
1799 - Narciso Casanovas, composer, dies at 52
1807 - Louis Francois Chambray, composer, dies at 69
1807 - Vaclav Josef Bartolomej Praupner, composer, dies at 61
1814 - Jozef de Ferraris, French/Austrian general/cartographer, dies at 87
1830 - Carl Borromaus Neuner, composer, dies at 51
1832 - Robert the Hermit, US ex-slave/hermit in Massachusetts, dies
1839 - Benjamin Pierce, American politician (b. 1757)
1865 - Giuditta Pasta, Italian soprano (b. 1797)
1866 - Aime Ambroise Simon Leborne, composer, dies at 98
1866 - Johannes C H de Meijere, Dutch zoologist, dies
1869 - Anthony G O Ridder van Rappard, Min of Reformed Worship, dies at 69
1870 - Patrick Gass, sgt of Lewis & Clark Expedition, dies at 98
1872 - Frederick Maurice, English theologian (b. 1805)
1872 - William Frederick Horry, English convicted murderer (b. 1843)
1878 - Eugene Gautier, composer, dies at 56
1878 - John Corry Wilson Daly, Canadian politician (b. 1796)
1890 - David Wilber, American politician (b. 1820)
1901 - Francois M Raoult, Fren physicist/chemist (Law of Raoult), dies at 70
1910 - Andreas Aschenbach, German painter/engraver, dies at 94
1914 - Rube Waddell, baseballer, dies at 37 of TB
1915 - Johann Joseph Abert, composer, dies at 82
1916 - Gabrielle Petit, Belgian resistance fighter, executed
Ragtime Composer Scott JoplinRagtime Composer Scott Joplin (1917) 1917 - Scott Joplin, ragtime composer (The Entertainer), dies at 48
1918 - Karl Fritjof Valentin, composer, dies at 64
1922 - Charles I, emperor (Austria)/King of Hungary (Charles IV), dies
1925 - Francis William Davenport, composer, dies at 77
1930 - Cosima Liszt, wife of Austrian composer Richard Wagner, dies at 92
1930 - Zawditu, 1st reigning female monarch of Ethiopia, dies
1933 - Frederick Lord Chelmsford, viceroy of Brit-Ind (1916-21), dies at 64
1936 - Mikhail Vladimirovich Ivanov-Boretsky, composer, dies at 61
1941 - Hippolyte Delehaye, Flemish historian, dies at 81
1946 - Noah Beery, actor (Beau Geste, Cimarron Kid, Mammy), dies at 62
1947 - George II, king of Greece, dies at 56
Surgeon and Medical Researcher Charles R. DrewSurgeon and Medical Researcher Charles R. Drew (1950) 1950 - Charles R. Drew, surgeon/developer of blood bank concept, dies at 45
1951 - Clement D'Hooghe, composer, dies at 51
1955 - Silvio d'Amico, Italian theater critic (Il Teatro Italian), dies at 68
1957 - Gheorge Tatarescu, premier Romania (1933-37, 39-40), dies
1960 - Piet[er O] Bakker, Dutch journalist/writer (Ciske), dies at 62
1964 - Bozidar Kunc, composer, dies at 60
1965 - Henry D G Crerar, Canadian general (WW I, Normandy), dies at 76
1965 - Helena Rubinstein, Polish-born American cosmetics manufacturer (b. 1870)
1966 - Karl B Adam, German theologist (Jesus Christ), dies at 89
1966 - Flann O'Brien, Irish humorist (b. 1911)
1968 - Lev D Landau, Russian physicist (Nobel 1962), dies at 59
1973 - Arthur Wood, cricket wicket-keeper (England 1938-39), dies
1974 - Alfred Ernest Whitehead, composer, dies at 86
1975 - Eugeen Yoors, Flemish draftsman/glass painter, dies at 95
1976 - Freddie Lennon, father of John Lennon (Beatles), dies at 63
1976 - Max Ernst, German/French surrealist painter/sculptor, dies at 85
1976 - Miroslav Ponc, composer, dies at 73
1976 - S Constantine Timoshenko, Russian marshal, dies at 75
1979 - Marinus Peijnenburg, Dutch politician, dies at 51
1979 - Bruno Coquatrix, French music impresario (b. 1910)
1981 - D[ennis] F[eltham] Jones, sci-fi author (Colossus), dies at 65
1981 - Eua Sunthornsanan, Thai composer and bandleader (b. 1910)
Singer Marvin GayeSinger Marvin Gaye (1984) 1984 - Marvin Gaye, singer (Sexual Healing), shot to death by his father Marvin Gaye Sr in LA at 44
1985 - Douglass Wallop, American novelist and playwright (b. 1920)
1988 - Jim Jordan, actor (Fibber McGee), dies from a blod clot at 91
1988 - Marius W Holtrop, economist/president (Netherlands Bank), dies at 85
1989 - Henk Gortzak, Dutch MP (CPN/PSP), dies at 57
1991 - Martha Graham, US, choreographer (Appalachian Spring), dies at 96
1991 - Paulo Muwanga, chief of Uganda (1980), dies
1991 - Richard Thorpe, director (MGM), dies at 95
1991 - Jaime Guzmán, Chilean politician (b.1946)
1992 - Juanito, soccer star (Madrid Real 1977-87), dies at 37 in car crash
1993 - Alan Kulwicki, stock car racer, dies in plane crash at 38
1993 - Ihsan Mohamed Salem, [Yunis Awad], Palestinian Al-Fatah leader, killed
1993 - Juan of Borbon y Battemberg, father of king Juan Carlos I, dies
1993 - Wayne Mack, sportscaster/actor (Storyville), dies of cancer at 68
1994 - Leon Degrelle, Belgium general, dies
1994 - Robert Doisneau, French photographer (The Kiss), dies at 81
1994 - Rosalind Laura Burke, aviatrix, dies at 86
1994 - Stuart Sloan, war hero/test pilot, dies at 72
1995 - Cheryl Waltz, author/film producer, dies at 50
1995 - Francisco Moncion, dancer, dies at 73
1995 - Johnny Nicholss, footballer, dies at 63
1995 - Lucie Rie, potter, dies at 93
1995 - Richard Pool, naval Officer, dies at 75
1995 - Sampson DeBrier, actor (Inauguration of Pleasure Dome), dies at 86
1995 - Lucy Rie, American potter (b. 1902)
1995 - H. Adams Carter, American Alpine Club President, 10th Mountain Division trainer (b. 1914)
1996 - Alfredo Nobre Coast, PM of Portugal (1978), dies
1996 - Edwin H "Buddy" Morris, music publisher, dies at 89
1996 - John Alwyne Kitching, zoologist, dies at 87
1996 - John McSheery, dies of heart attack while umpiring a game, at 51
1996 - Mario Viegas, actor (The Jew, Divine Comedy), dies at 47

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