This Day in History for 10th April

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 200

837 - Comet 1P/837 F1 (Halley) approaches within 0.0334 AUs of Earth
847 - St Leo IV begins his reign as Catholic Pope
879 - Louis III becomes King of West Francia.
1407 - the lama Deshin Shekpa visits the Ming Dynasty capital at Nanjing. He is awarded with the title Great Treasure Prince of Dharma.
1500 - France captures duke Ludovico Sforza of Milan
1516 - 1st ghetto, Jews are compelled to live in specific area of Venice
1552 - Henri II of France occupies Metz
1589 - Spanish troops conquer Geertruidenberg
1656 - Dutch fleet occupiers Colombo Ceylon
1694 - Duke Victor Amadeus of Savoye attacks Casale
1710 - The first law regulating copyright is issued in Great Britain.
1741 - War of the Austrian Succession: Prussia defeats Austria in the Battle of Mollwitz.
1790 - US Patent system forms
Duke of Milan Ludovico SforzaDuke of Milan Ludovico Sforza 1815 - Austria declares war on realm of Naples
1816 - 2nd Bank of US chartered
1821 - Patriarch Gregory V of Constantinople is hanged by the Turks from the main gate of the Patriarchate and his body is thrown into the Bosphorus.
1825 - 1st hotel in Hawaii opens
1825 - Nicaraguan constituent assembly meets at Leon
1826 - The 10,500 inhabitants of the Greek town Messolonghi start leaving the town after a year's siege by Turkish forces. Very few of them survive.
1835 - Charles Darwin returns to Santiago, Chile
1841 - New York Tribune begins publishing under editor Horace Greeley
Naturalist Charles DarwinNaturalist Charles Darwin 1845 - More than 1,000 buildings damaged by fire in Pittsburgh, Pa
1849 - Safety pin patented by Walter Hunt (NYC); sold rights for $400
1856 - The Theta Chi Fraternity is founded at Norwich University.
1858 - "Big Ben", a 13.76 tonne bell, is recast in the Tower of Westminster
1863 - Rebel Gen Earl Van Dorn attacks at Franklin, Tenn
1864 - Austrian Archduke Maximilian becomes Maximilian I, Emperor of Mexico
1865 - At Appomattox, General Robert E. Lee issues Gen Order #9, his last
Confederate General Robert E. LeeConfederate General Robert E. Lee 1866 - American Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) forms
1868 - 1st performance of John Brahms' "A German Requiem"
1868 - British defeat King of Abyssinia at Magdala
1869 - Congress increases number of Supreme Court judges from 7 to 9
1869 - José Martí founds the Cuban Revolutionary Party.
1871 - William Hammond Hall's maps & surveys of Golden Gate Park accepted
1872 - 1st National black convention meets in New Orleans
1872 - 1st Arbor Day celebrated in Nebraska, later changed to Apr 22
1877 - 1st human cannonball act performed in London
1877 - Federal troops withdrawn from Columbia, SC
1878 - California St Cable Car RR Co starts service
1882 - Captain William Matson founds his shipping company (San Francisco & Hawaii)
1884 - US Senate accepts Belgian administration of Congo
US President Abraham LincolnUS President Abraham Lincoln 1887 - President Abraham Lincoln's re-buried with his wife in Springfield, Ilinois
1887 - Soccer team Be Quick forms in Hairs Groningen
1896 - Spiridon Louis wins 1st Olympic marathon (2:58:50)
1912 - RMS Titanic sets sail from Southampton for her maiden (and final) voyage
1913 - President Woodrow Wilson throws out 1st ball, Senators beat Yankees 2-1
1913 - Walter Johnson begins string of 56 consecutive scoreless innings
1913 - During the Montenegrin siege of Scutari, the Montenegrin coastline is blockaded
1916 - 1st professional golf tournament held
MLB Pitcher Walter JohnsonMLB Pitcher Walter Johnson 1916 - The Professional Golfers Association of America (PGA) is created in New York City.
1917 - Munition factory explosion at Eddystone PA, kills 133 workers
1919 - Mexican Revolution leader Emiliano Zapata is ambushed and shot dead by government forces in Morelos.
1923 - Hitler demands "hatred & more hatred" in Berlin
1924 - Tubular steel golf club shafts approved for championship play
1925 - Czarina re-amed Stalingrad (now Volgograd)
1925 - Scribners publishes "The Great Gatsby" by F Scott Fitzgerald
1930 - George Headley scores 223 v England at Kingston
Author F. Scott FitzgeraldAuthor F. Scott Fitzgerald 1930 - Synthetic rubber 1st produced
1932 - Paul von Hindenburg elected 1st German president (Hitler is 2nd)
1934 - Stanley Cup: Chicago Blackhawks beat Detroit Red Wings, 3 games to 1
1935 - Vaughan Williams' 4th Symphony premieres in London
1936 - 200" mirror blank arrives in Pasadena
1938 - 2nd government of Blum replaced by Daladier government in France
1938 - Austria becomes a state of Germany
1938 - NY makes syphilis test mandatory in order to get a marriage license
1939 - Colijn's Dutch government opens camp Westerbork for German Jews
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf HitlerDictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler 1939 - Grens mobilization due to Italian invasion in Albania
1940 - Vidkun Quisling forms Norwegian "national government"
1941 - German troops conquer Libyan county Cyrenaica
1942 - Cigarettes & candy rationed in Holland
1943 - 12 Jewish patients of Herren Loo-Lozenoord escape nazis
1943 - General Montgomery occupies Sfax Tunisia
1944 - "Patrolling the Ether" is shown on 3 TV stations simultaneously
1944 - Soviet forces liberate Odessa from Nazis
1945 - Allies liberate 1st Nazi concentration camp, Buchenwald (Czech)
1945 - Canadian troops conquer Deventer
1945 - General Blaskowitz becomes nazi leader of "Fort Holland"
1945 - German troops attack Ijsselbrug
1945 - NFL's Boston Yanks & Brooklyn Tigers merge
1945 - US troops land on Tsugen Shima Okinawa
1945 - William Schuman & Antony Tudors ballet premieres in NYC
1946 - 1st election for Japanese Diet
1947 - King Frederik IX of Denmark crowned
1948 - Jewish Hagana repels an Arab attack on Mishmar HaEmek
Golfer Sam SneadGolfer Sam Snead 1949 - 13th Golf Masters Championship: Sam Snead wins, shooting a 282
1953 - "House of Wax", 1st 3-D movie, released (NYC)
1953 - 7th NBA Championship: Minneapolis Lakers beat NY Knicks, 4 games to 1
1954 - KRGV TV channel 5 in Weslaco, TX (ABC) begins broadcasting
1955 - 19th Golf Masters Championship: Cary Middlecoff wins, shooting a 279
1955 - 9th NBA Championship: Syrac Nats beat Ft Wayne Pistons, 4 games to 3
1955 - Dr Jonas Salk successfully tests Polio vaccine
1955 - Ruth Ellis shoots jilting lover David Blakely
Medical Researcher and Virologist Jonas SalkMedical Researcher and Virologist Jonas Salk 1956 - Philips broadcasts 1st Dutch color TV programs
1956 - Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens beat Detroit Red Wings, 4 games to 1
1957 - John Osborne's "Entertainer" premieres in London
1957 - Jordanian government of Naboelsi resigns
1957 - Suez canal reopens for all traffic
1957 - USSR performs atmospheric nuclear test
1958 - Northern strip of Spanish Sahara ceded to Morocco
1960 - 24th Golf Masters Championship: Arnold Palmer wins, shooting a 282

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 229

401 - Theodosius II, the Younger, Eastern Roman emperor
1512 - James V, King of Scots (1513-42)
1569 - Emilia van Nassau, daughter of Willem of Orange & Anna of Saxon
1583 - Hugo Grotius, Holland, jurist, father of international law
1633 - Werner Fabricius, composer
1651 - Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus, German mathematician (d. 1708)
1656 - René Lepage de Ste-Claire, lord-founder of the town of Rimouski, in New France (d. 1718)
1695 - Balthazar Huydecoper, Dutch translator/historian
1704 - Benjamin Heath, English classical scholar (d. 1766)
1713 - John Whitehurst, English clockmaker and scientist (d. 1788)
1737 - Francois Giroust, composer
1755 - Samuel Hahnemann, German physician/originator of homeopathy
1762 - Giovanni Aldini, Italian physicist (d. 1834)
1778 - William Hazlitt, Maidstone Kent England, essayist/critic
1783 - Hortense E de Beauharnais, French queen of Netherlands (1806-10)
1794 - Matthew Calbraith Perry, Commodore, opened Japan
1796 - James Bowie, American pioneer and soldier (d. 1836)
1797 - Claude Ambroise Seurat, Troyes France, (World's skinniest man)
1806 - Leonidas Polk, Lt Gen (Confederate Army), died in 1864
1808 - Auguste Franchomme, composer
1823 - Thomas Reade Rootes Cobb, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
1827 - Lewis Wallace, Major General (Union volunteers)/author (Ben Hur)
1829 - William Booth, founder (Salvation Army)
1833 - David McMurtrie Gregg, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
1833 - James Edward Rains, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1862
1837 - Forceythe Willson, American poet (d. 1867)
1847 - Charles Swinnerton Heap, composer
1847 - Joseph Pulitzer, Hungary, publisher (St Louis Post-Dispatch, NY World)
1854 - Jozef M T Orelio, baritone
1857 - Henry Ernest Dudeney, mathematician/puzzle maker
1864 - Eugene Francis Charles D'Albert, German pianist/composer (Golem)
1864 - Tully Marshall, Nevada City CA
1865 - Jack Miner, Canadian conservationist (d. 1944)
1867 - George William Russell, Irish nationalist (d. 1935)
1868 - George Arliss, London England, actor (Devil, Green Goddess)
1877 - Alfred Kubin, writer
1880 - Frances Perkins, American politician and 1st woman to hold cabinet-level position (Labor), (d. 1965)
1880 - Montague Summers, English writer (d. 1948)
1880 - Mohammed Nadir Shah, Afghan king (d. 1933)
1882 - Simon F H J Berkelbach Van der Sprenkel, theologist (Fear & Religion)
1886 - Val Paul, Denver Colorado, American actor and director
1887 - Bernardo A Houssay, Argentine physiologist (Nobel 1947)
1887 - Heinz Tiessen, Königsberg, German composer
1891 - Tim McCoy, Saginaw MI
1892 - Egon Freiherr von Eickstedt, German anthropologist (Rassenkunde)
1892 - Victor de Sabata, Trieste Italy, conductor/composer (Il Macigno)
1894 - Ben Nicholson, English painter/sculptor (Circle)
1894 - Shri Ghanshyam Das Birla, Indian industrialist (d. 1983)
1896 - Edith Day, Minneapolis MN
1897 - Ross Youngs, American baseball player (d. 1927)
1900 - Jean Duvieusart, premier (Belgium 1950)
1903 - Clare Boothe Luce, US ambassador (to Vatican)
1903 - Nick Stuart, Romania, bandleader
1905 - Jan H van Roijen, diplomat/Netherland foreign minister
1906 - Fud Livingston, composer
1906 - Kathleen Major, principal (St Hilda's College, England)
1906 - Lili Darvas, Budapest Hungary, actress (Szerelem, Cimmaron)
1907 - Pete Desjardins, US, platform/springboard diver (Olympic-gold-1928)
1908 - Aidan Crawley, CEO (London Weekend TV)
1910 - Abu-Bakr Khairat, composer
1910 - David Gilroy Bevan, politician
1910 - Paul Sweezy, American economist and editor (d. 2004)
1911 - Maurice Schumann, French statesman/writer (La Voix du couvre-feu)
1912 - Clarke Hinkle, NFL fullback (Green Bay Packers)
1912 - Martin Denny, rocker/actor (Forbidden Island)
1912 - Roy Hofheinz, engineer (Houston Astrodome)
1913 - Stefan Heym, German/US author (Crusaders, Family Benda)
1914 - E A V "Foffie" Williams, cricketer (WI all-rounder 1939-48)
1914 - Jack Badcock, cricketer (Tasmania Australian batsman of 30's)
Actor Harry MorganActor Harry Morgan (1915) 1915 - Harry Morgan, Detroit Mich, actor (December Bride, M*A*S*H, Dragnet)
1915 - Leo Vroman, Dutch/US poet/biologist, (d. 2014)
1917 - Robert Burns Woodward, organic chemist (Nobel 1965)
1918 - Lee Bergere, American actor (d. 2007)
1921 - Chuck Connors, Brooklyn New York, American actor (Rifleman, Branded, Cowboy in Africa)
1921 - Peter Herbert Penwarden, priest
1921 - Sheb Wooley, Erick Oklahoma, vocalist (Purple People Eater, Hee Haw)
1923 - Floyd M Simmons, actor/decathlete (Olympic-bronze-1948, 52)
1923 - John Watkins, cricketer (South African all-rounder in 15 Tests 49-57)
1924 - Kenneth Noland, American painter
1926 - "Alvin" Junior Samples, Cummings Ga, country singer (Hee Haw)
1926 - Jacques Casterede, composer
1926 - Johnnie Tillmon, civil rights activist (Natl Welfare Rights Association)
1927 - Marshall Warren Nirenberg, American scientist, Nobel laureate
1929 - Dusan Radic, composer
Actor Max Von SydowActor Max Von Sydow (1929) 1929 - Max Von Sydow, Lund Sweden, actor (Hawaii, Exorcist, Dune, Dreamscape)
1930 - Lord Morton, of Shauna, senator (College of Justice, Scotland)
1930 - Shuja-ud-Din, cricketer (batted in 19 Tests for Pakistan 1954-62)
1930 - Norma Candal, Puerto Rican actor/comedian (d. 2006)
1930 - Spede Pasanen, Finnish comedian (d. 2001)
1931 - Marcel van Maele, Belgian poet
1932 - Adrian Henri, poet/president (Liverpool Academy of Arts)
1932 - Delphine Seyrig, Beirut Lebanon, actress (Freak Orlando, Reperages)
1932 - Hari Rhodes, Cincinnati Oh, actor (Mike-Daktari, Roots)
1932 - Mae Heriwentha Faggs Starr, NJ, 4x100m runner (Olympic-gold-1952)
1932 - Nathaniel Nelson, rocker (Flamingos)
1932 - Omar Sharif, [Michael Shalhoub], Egypt, actor (Dr Zhivago, Top Secret)
1933 - Philip Corner, composer
1933 - Poncie Ponce, actor (Kazuo Kim-Hawaiian Eye), (d. 2013)
1933 - Robert Rhodes James, historian (Gallipoli)
1933 - Rokusuke Ei, Japanese lyricist and author

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 8 of 8

1848 - British influential art critic and social commentator John Ruskin marries Effie Gray in Perth, Scotland (later annulled).
Physicist Robert A. MillikanPhysicist Robert A. Millikan (1902) 1902 - Physicist Robert A. Millikan (34) weds Greta Blanchard
1935 - Politician Hermann Goering (42) weds Emmy Sonnemann (42) in Berlin
1938 - NFL quarterback Sammy Baugh (24) weds his college sweetheart Edmonia Smith in Sweetwater, Texas
1943 - Actor Peter Cushing (29) weds actress Violet Helene Beck in London, England
1951 - Industrialist Henry J. Kaiser (68) weds nurse Alyce Chester
1959 - Japan's Crown Prince Akihito marries commoner Michiko Shoda
1960 - NBA guard Jerry West (21) weds his college sweetheart Martha Kane in Morgantown, West Virginia

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 115

879 - Louis II the Stammerer, King of the West Franks (877-79)
947 - Hugo van Arles, count of Arles/king of Italy, dies
1008 - Notger, bishop of Luik (972-1008), dies
1362 - Machteld, countess of Holland, dies
1533 - Frederik I, King of Denmark/Norway (1523-33), dies at 61
1545 - Costanzo Festa, Italian composer
1585 - Gregory XIII, [Ugo Buoncampagni], Italian Pope (1572-85), dies at 83
1599 - Gabrielle d'Estrée, mistress of King Henry IV of France (b. 1571)
1601 - Mark Alexander Boyd, Scottish poet (b. 1562)
1619 - Thomas Jones, Archbishop of Dublin (b. c1550)
1640 - Agostino Agazzari, Italian composer, dies at 61
1640 - Charlotte Flandrina van Nassau, daughter of Willem I, dies at 60
1646 - Santino Solari, Swiss architect and sculptor (b. 1576)
1704 - William Egon of Fürstenberg, Bishop of Strassburg (b. 1629)
1706 - Arthur Chichester, 3rd Earl of Donegall, Irish soldier (b. 1666)
1712 - Yusuf Nabi, Turkish poet (Hayriye), dies at about 77
1723 - Claude F Tserclaes, South Neth earl of Tilly, dies at 74
1731 - Maximilian Dietrich Freisslich, composer, dies at 58
1756 - Giacomo Antonio Perti, Italian composer, dies at 94
1760 - Gerard George Clifford, head of East-Indian Company, dies at 75
1760 - Jean Lebeuf, French historian (b. 1687)
1784 - Simon Fokke, book illustrator, dies at 71
1786 - John Byron, British naval officer (b. 1723)
1810 - Konrad Back, composer, dies at 60
1813 - Joseph-Louis Lagrange, Italian-born mathematician and astronomer (b. 1736)
1823 - Karl Leonhard Reinhold, Austrian philosopher (b. 1757)
1825 - Paul-Louis Courier, (Mere), French writer/interpreter, dies at 53
1848 - Godert AGP baron van Capellen, gove-gen of Dutch-Indies, dies at 69
1862 - William Harvey Lamb Wallace, US lawyer/brig-general, dies at 40
1863 - Giovanni B Amia, Italian astronomer/physicist/botanist, dies at 77
1885 - John H Scholten, theologist (Free Want), dies at 73
1909 - Algernon Charles Swinburne, English poet, dies at 72
1911 - Mikolajus Konstantinas Ciurlionis, composer, dies at 35
1919 - Emiliano Zapata, Mexican leader, murdered at 39
1920 - Moritz B Cantor, German mathematician, dies at 90
1920 - Tryggve Andersen, Norwegian writer (Mod Kvaeld), dies at 53
1927 - Ivo Bligh, cricketer (8th Earl of Darnley, 4 Tests 1882-83), dies
1929 - Edmond Thieffry, Belgium, WW I pilot, dies at 36
1931 - Khalil Gibran, Lebanese poet and painter (b. 1883)
1932 - Andre Baillon, Belgian/French author (& sabots), dies at 56
1937 - Algernon Ashton, composer, dies at 77
1938 - Nana Annor Adjaye, Pan-Africanist, dies in W Nzima Ghana
1938 - Joe "King" Oliver, American musician (b. 1885)
1939 - Alfredo Panzini, Ital author (Il Bacio de Lesba), dies at 75
1945 - Hendrik N Werkman, resistance/painter (Blue Boat), executed at 63
1945 - Charles Nordhoff, English-born writer (b. 1887)
1954 - Auguste Lumière, French photograph/movie pioneer, dies at 81
1954 - Ludwig Curtius, German archaeologist (Die antike Kunst), dies at 79
1954 - Oscar Mathisen, Norwegian speed skater (b. 1888)
1955 - Oskar Frederik Lindberg, composer, dies at 68
1955 - Teilhard de Chardin, French paleontologist and theologian (b. 1881)
1956 - Bozidar Sirola, composer, dies at 66
1956 - Clarence Beaumont, 1st batter in 1st World Series, dies at 75
1956 - Jozef Szulc, composer, dies at 81
1958 - Chuck Willis, rocker, dies at 30
1960 - Arthur Benjamin, Austral composer/pianist (Devil Take Her), dies at 66
1961 - Irene Warfield, silent screen actress (Satan Sanderson), dies at 65
1962 - Stuart Sutcliffe, bassist (Beatles), dies of brain hemorrhage at 21
1962 - Michael Curtiz, Hungarian-born director (b. 1886)
1965 - Linda Darnell, American actress, dies from burns received in a house fire at 41
1965 - Lloyd Casner, American race car driver and owner (b. 1928)
1966 - Christian J Modeste, Dutch king of gypsies, dies at 71
1966 - Evelyn Waugh, British writer (Black Mischief), dies at 62
1968 - Gustavs Celmins, Latvian politician (b. 1899)
1969 - Harley J. Earl, American automobile designer (b. 1893)
1970 - Charles Paton, dies at 96
1974 - Patricia Collinge, dies at 81
1974 - Roger Bastide, French sociologist, dies at 76
1975 - Marjorie Main, actress (Ma & Pa Kettle), dies at 85
1975 - Sophia JW "Sophie" Hermse, actress (But a Dream), dies at 86
1975 - Walker Evans, US photographer (Fortune Magazine), dies at 71
1979 - Henriette P "Hetty" Beck, actress (Dodendans), dies at 91
1979 - Nino Rota, Italian composer (Torquemada), dies at 67
1980 - Kay Medford, actress (Dean Martin Show, To Rome With Love), dies at 65
1983 - Issam Sartawi, PLO ambassador to Portugal, murdered
1983 - Ulf S von Euler-Chelpin, Swedish physiologist, dies at 78
1984 - Nate Nelson, R&B-singer (Flamingos-I'll Be Home), dies on 52 birthday
1984 - Ray Middleton, dies at 75
1986 - Joseph P Addabbo, US defence specialist/(Sen-D), dies at 61
1986 - Linda Creed, American songwriter (b. 1948)
1988 - Cliff Gladwin, cricketer (8 Tests for England 1947-49), dies
1989 - Joan Barry, dies at 85
1991 - Kevin Peter Hall, actor (Harry & Hendersons), dies of AIDS at 35
1991 - Natalie Schafer, actress (Gilligan's Island), dies at 90 from cancer
1992 - Ken Ward, dies at 37
Comedian Sam KinisonComedian Sam Kinison (1992) 1992 - Sam Kinison, loud mouth comedian, dies in a car crash at 38
1993 - Chris Hani, sec-gen South Africian Communist Party, assassinated at 50
1994 - James L Lyons, jazz promoter, dies at 77
1994 - Victor Afanasiev, Rus editor-in-chief of Pravda (1976-89), dies at 71
1994 - Sam B. Hall, American politician (b. 1924)
1995 - Chen Yun, VPM of China (1949-75, 79-80), dies
1995 - Glyn Jones, writer, dies at 90
1995 - Gunter Guillaume, German politican, dies
1995 - Joseph Anthony "Joe" Richards, singer/actor (Colo Ranger), dies at 44
1995 - Morarji Desai, PM of India (1977-79), dies
1996 - Jessica Dubroff, attempting to be youngest pilot, dies in crash at 7
1999 - Heinz Fraenkel-Conrat, German-born biochemist (b. 1910)
1999 - Jean Vander Pyl, American voice actress (b. 1919)
2000 - Peter Jones, English actor (b. 1920)
2000 - Larry Linville, American actor (b. 1939)

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