This Day in History for 14th April

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 216

43 BC - Battle of Forum Gallorum: Mark Antony, besieging Julius Caesar's assassin Decimus Junius Brutus in Mutina, defeats the forces of the consul Pansa, who is killed.
193 - Lucius Septimus Severus crowned Emperor of Rome
754 - Pact of Quierzy: between Pope Stephen II, [III] & Pippin the Korte
966 - Christianisation of Poland
972 - Notger becomes bishop of Liege
979 - Challenge to throne of King Aethelred II of England
1028 - German emperor Conrad II the Sailor crowns his son Henry III, king
1191 - 85-year old Giacinto Bobo becomes Pope Coelestinus III
1341 - Sack of Saluzzo (Italy) by Italian-Angevine troops under Manfred V of Saluzzo.
1434 - The foundation stone of Cathedral St. Peter and St. Paul in Nantes, France is laid.
1471 - Battle of Barnet - King Edward IV vs Earl of Warwick
1536 - English King Henry VIII expropriates minor monasteries
King of England Henry VIIIKing of England Henry VIII 1544 - Battle at Carignano: French troops under Earl d'Enghien beat Swiss
1570 - Polish Calvinists/Lutherians/Hernhutters unify against Jesuits
1574 - Battle of Mookerhei - D'Avila beats Louis of Nassau
1611 - Word "telescope" is 1st used (Prince Federico Cesi)
1629 - England & France sign Peace of Susa
1671 - Cosaks capture Russian boer leader Stenka Razin
1699 - Khalsa: Birth of Khalsa, the brotherhood of the Sikh religion, in Northern India in accordance with the Nanakshahi calendar.
1756 - Gov Glen of SC protests against 900 Acadia indians
1775 - 1st abolitionist society in US organizes in Phila
1777 - NY adopts new constitution as an independent state
1792 - France declares war on Austria, starting French Revolutionary Wars
1818 - US Medical Corp forms
1828 - 18-gun sloop "Acorn" sinks off Halifax with 115 men aboard
Lexicographer Noah WebsterLexicographer Noah Webster 1828 - First American Dictionary: its author Noah Webster registers its copyright for publication
1831 - Soldiers marching on a bridge in Manchester, England cause it to collapse.
1836 - Congress forms Territory of Wisconsin
1841 - Edgar Allen Poe's "Murders in the Rue Morgue" published
1847 - Persia & Osmaanse sign 2nd Treaty of Erzurum
1849 - Hungary declares itself independent of Austria with Louis Kossuth as its leader.
1860 - 1st Pony Express rider arrives in SF from St Joseph, Mo
1861 - Formal Union surrender of Ft Sumter (US Civil War)
1862 - Battle of Ft Pillow TN
1863 - William Bullock patents continuous-roll printing press
1865 - Mobile, Alabama is captured
1865 - US Secret Service created to fight counterfeiting
1865 - U.S. Secretary of State William H. Seward and his family are attacked in his home by Lewis Powell.
US President Abraham LincolnUS President Abraham Lincoln 1865 - President Abraham Lincoln is shot by John Wilkes Booth at Ford's Theater
1868 - SC voters approved constitution, 70,758 to 27,228
1871 - Canada sets denominations of currency as dollars, cents, & mills
1872 - Dominion Lands Act passed-Canada's Homestead Act
1872 - San Francisco organizes Bar Association
1881 - The Four Dead in Five Seconds Gunfight erupts in El Paso, Texas.
1883 - Leo Delibes' opera "Lakmé" premieres in Paris
1887 - Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Reigate Squires" (BG)
1890 - Pan American Day-1st conference of American states (Wash DC)
Inventor Thomas EdisonInventor Thomas Edison 1894 - 1st public showing of Thomas Edison's kinetoscope (moving pictures)
1895 - 1st performance of Gustav Mahler's (incomplete) 2nd Symphony
1900 - Veteran's Hospital at Ft Miley forms
1903 - Dr Harry Plotz discovers vaccine against typhoid (NYC)
1904 - George Bernard Shaw's "Candida" premiered in London
1906 - US President Theodore Roosevelt denounces "muckrakers" in US press, taken from John Bunyan’s Pilgrim’s Progress
1909 - Anglo-Persian Oil Company forms in London
1910 - President Taft begins tradition of throwing out ball on opening day
1910 - Pan American Union forms
27th US President William Howard Taft27th US President William Howard Taft 1912 - RMS Titanic hits an iceberg at 11.40pm off Newfoundland
1913 - Belgium begins general strike for voting rights
1914 - Stacy G Carkhuff patents non-skid tire pattern
1915 - A's Herb Pennock is within 1 out of pitching 1st Opening Day no-hitter
1915 - Dutch merchant navy ship Katwijk sunk by Germany torpedo
1915 - The Turks invade Armenia.
1917 - Chicago White Sox Ed Cicotte no-hits St Louis Browns, 11-0
1918 - Douglas Campbell is 1st US ace pilot (shooting down 5th German plane)
1920 - Tornadoes killed 219 people in Alabama & Mississippi
1921 - NHL Championship: Ottawa Senators sweep Toronto St Patricks in 2 games
1921 - Prince Henry opens Rotterdam-Amsterdam-Bremen-Hamburg air route
1922 - Republic rebels occupies 4 government courts in Dublin
1923 - Etienne Oehmichen sets helicopter distance record of 358 meters
1925 - 1st regular-season Cubs game to be broadcast on radio (WGN)
1927 - The first Volvo car premieres in Gothenburg, Sweden.
1928 - Maddus Airlines starts 1st regular passenger flights between SF & LA
1928 - Stanley Cup: NY Rangers beat Montreal Maroons, 3 games to 2
1930 - Philip Barry's "Hotel Universe" premieres in NYC
1931 - Spain becomes republic with overthrow of King Alfonso XIII
1931 - Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens beat Chicago Blackhawks, 3 games to 2
Composer Georges BizetComposer Georges Bizet 1932 - Bizet, Massine & Mira's "Jeux d'Enfants" premieres in Monte Carlo
1935 - Black Sunday: The worst sandstorm ravages US midwest (creates the Dust Bowl)
1939 - John Steinbeck novel "The Grapes of Wrath" published
1940 - Allied troops land in Norway
1940 - RCA demonstrated its new electron microscope in Philadelphia
1941 - 1st massive German raid in Paris, 3,600 Jews rounded up
1941 - King Peter leaves Yugoslavia
1942 - Destroyer Roper sinks German U-85 of US east coast
1943 - Gen Alexander/Eisenhower/Anderson/Bradley discuss assault on Tunis
Author John SteinbeckAuthor John Steinbeck 1943 - James Gow & A d'Usseau's "Tomorrow the World" premieres in NYC
1944 - 1st Jews transported from Athens arrive at Auschwitz
1944 - Freighter "Fort Stikene" explodes in Bombay India, killing 1,376
1944 - Gen Eisenhower becomes head commander of allied air fleet
1944 - Greek Colonel Venizelos forms government
1945 - American planes bomb Tokyo & damage the Imperial Palace
1945 - Arnhem/Zwolle freed from Nazis
1945 - WWII: US 7th Army & allies forces capture Nuremberg & Stuttgart in Germany
1945 - US forces conquered Motobu peninsula on Okinawa
1945 - US marines attack Yae Take on Okinawa
1946 - "Day Before Spring" closes at National Theater NYC after 167 perfs
1946 - Manager Mel Ott of Giants hits 511th & final HR
1948 - A flash of light is observed in crater Plato on Moon
1948 - NYC subway fares jump from 5 cents to 10 cents
1948 - Stanley Cup: Toronto Maple Leafs sweep Detroit Red Wings in 4 games

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 241

1336 - Emperor Go-Kōgon of Japan (d. 1374)
1572 - Adam Tanner, Austrian mathematician (d. 1632)
1578 - Philip III, King of Spain & Portugal (1598-1621)
1592 - Abraham Elsevier, book publisher/publisher
1629 - Christian Huygens, Holland, astronomer (discovered Saturn's rings)
1668 - Magnus Julius De la Gardie, Swedish General (d. 1741)
1676 - Ernst Christian Hesse, composer
1710 - Marie A C de Camargo, Spanish/Italian/Belgian dancer
1714 - Adam Gib, Scottish religious leader (d. 1788)
1718 - Emanuele Barbella, composer
1721 - William August duke of Cumberland, English army leader
1723 - John Wainwright, composer
1738 - William Cavendish-Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1783, 1807-09) Dies 1809.
1741 - Emperor Momozono of Japan (d. 1762)
1762 - Giuseppe Valadier, Italian architect/archaeologist
1770 - George Canning, London, British PM (1827)
1782 - Carlo Coccia, composer
1788 - David G. Burnet, interim president of the Republic of Texas (d. 1870)
1797 - Adolphe Thiers, 1st president of 3rd French Republic (1871-77)
1803 - Friedrich von Amerling, Austrian painter
1809 - George W Vreede, Dutch lawyer/politician
1813 - Junius S Morgan, US, merchant/philanthropist (Metro Museum of Art)
1818 - Marie of Saxe-Altenburg, queen of Hanover (d. 1909)
1819 - Charles Halle, pianist/conductor/founder (Halle Orch)
1820 - Harry Thompson Hays, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1876
1827 - Augustus Pitt Rivers, English archaeologist (d. 1900)
1831 - Gerhard Rohlfs, German explorer/ambassador in Abyssinia
1832 - James Hewett Ledlie, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1882
1842 - Sven August Korling, composer
1843 - Gustave Leon Huberti, composer
1852 - Henrique Oswald, composer
1857 - Edgar Stillman Kelley, Sparta Wisconsin, composer (Gulliver)
1861 - Bion Joseph Arnold, electrical engineer/inventor
1862 - Pyotr A Stolypin, premier Russia (1906-11)
1866 - Anne Mansfield Sullivan, US, educated Helen Keller
1868 - Peter Behrens, German architect (d. 1940)
1870 - Syd Gregory, cricketer (Australian batsman in 58 Tests 1890-1912)
1870 - Victor Borisov-Musatov, Russian painter (d. 1905)
1872 - Abdullah Yusuf Ali, Indian-born Islamic scholar and translator (d. 1953)
1873 - Viktor Joseph Keldorfer, composer
1874 - Count Alexander, of Athlone, gov-gen (South-Africa/Canada)
1876 - Murray Bisset, cricketer (South African wicket-keeper 1899 & 1910)
1877 - Daniel Plooy, Dutch new testament scholar
1879 - James Branch Cabell, American novelist/essayist (Restless Heads)
1881 - Anton Wildgans, Austrian writer/director (Burg Theater)
1882 - Moritz Schlick, Austrian philosopher, (d. 1936)
1886 - Edward C Tolman, US psychologist (behaviorism)
1886 - Ernst R Curtius, German literature historian
Historian Arnold ToynbeeHistorian Arnold Toynbee (1889) 1889 - Arnold Toynbee, England, historian (Study of History)
1889 - Efim D Bogoljubov, Russian chess player
1889 - James Stephenson, actor (Letter, Espionage Agent, Nancy Drew)
1891 - B. R. Ambedkar, Indian jurist (d.1956)
1892 - Giorgio Cesana, Italy, coxswain, (Olympic-gold-1906)
1892 - Vere G Childe, British archaeologist/prehistorian
1895 - Mary Marquet, St Petersburg Russia, actress (Matter of Resistance)
1895 - Wiktor Labunski, composer
1897 - Barbara baroness Wootton of Abinger, English Lower house leader
1897 - Claire Windsor, American actress (d. 1972)
1898 - Lee Tracy, Atlanta Ga, actor (Martin Kane-Martin Kane Private Eye)
1900 - Salvatore Baccaloni, Rome, actor (Merry Andrew, Rock-a-Bye Baby)
1901 - Alfred West, champion cyclist/record hair splitter (17 splits)
1901 - Martin Kessel, writer
1902 - Menachem A Schneerson, rebee (head of Lubavitcher Jews)
1902 - Sylvio Mantha, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1974)
1904 - John Gielgud, London England, actor (Arthur, Ages of Man)
1904 - Lionel Birkett, cricketer (WI vice-capt on Australian tour 1930-31)
1904 - Reinout W van Bemmelen, Dutch geologist
1904 - Sonia Gaskell, Russian/Neth choreographer
1905 - Frits Philips, Dutch engineer/CEO (Philips)
1905 - Holmesdale Charles "Slinger" Nitschke, cricket batsman (S Aus & Test)
1905 - Elizabeth Huckaby, American educator (d. 1999)
1906 - Faisal ibn Abd al-Aziz, King Saudi-Arabia (1964-75)
1906 - Hunter Johnson, composer
1907 - Francois "Doc" Duvalier, dictator of Haiti
1907 - Otto F A H van Nispen, Dutch mayor (Pannerden)/MP (KVP)
1907 - Phyllis Konstam, London England, actress (Murder, Skin Game)
1910 - Werner Wolf Glaser, composer
1912 - Belinda Quirey, dance historian/teacher
1912 - Piet van Egmond, Dutch organist/conductor (Neth Chamber Orch)
1912 - Robert Doisneau, photographer
1913 - Everhard van Royen, Dutch flautist/founder (Alma musica)
1913 - Jean Fournet, French conductor
1913 - John Howard, Cleve Ohio, actor (Dave-My Three Sons)
1916 - Commandur Rajagopalachari Rangachari, cricketer (India 1947-48)
1916 - Denis ApIvor, composer
1916 - Emerson Buckley, composer
1917 - Valerie Hobson, North Ireland, actress (Great Expectations)
1917 - Marvin Miller, American labor activist, (d. 2012)
1918 - Mary Healy, New Orleans, actress (2nd Fiddle, He Married his Wife)
1920 - Eduardo Maturana, composer
1920 - John Paul Stevens, Supreme Court Justice
1921 - Thomas Schelling, American economist, Nobel laureate
1922 - David Alexandrovich Toradze, composer
1922 - Maria Luisa Bemberg, film maker
1923 - William Darling, journalist
1923 - Roberto DeVicenzo, Argentine golf player
1924 - Shorty Rogers, [Milton M Rajonsky], composer
1925 - Abel Muzorewa, bishop/premier (Rhodesia)
1925 - Bill Harris, US guitarist (Clovers-Good Lovin')
1925 - H G Kischenchand, cricketer (5 Tests for India 1947-52)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 10 of 10

Painter & Sculptor Pierre Auguste RenoirPainter & Sculptor Pierre Auguste Renoir (1890) 1890 - Painter Pierre Auguste Renoir (49) weds Aline Victorine Charigot
1935 - PGA golfer Ben Hogan (22) weds Valerie Fox in Cleburne, Texas
1950 - Baseball manager Tom Lasorda (22) weds Joan Miller
1956 - Actress Vera Miles (25) weds actor Gordon Scott (29)
1958 - Film director Stanley Kubrick (29) weds actress Christiane Harlan (25)
1976 - The Washington Post reporter Carl Bernstein (32) weds writer and director Nora Ephron (34) at a civil ceremony in Manhattan
2007 - Supermodel Esther Canadas (30) weds MotoGP rider Sete Gibernau (34) in Spain
2007 - Two and a Half Men actress Melanie Lynskey (29) weds actor Jimmi Simpson (31) in a chapel overlooking a vineyard on Lake Hayes, near Queenstown, New Zealand
Investigative Reporter Carl BernsteinInvestigative Reporter Carl Bernstein (1976) 2007 - "Rocky" film series actor Carl Weathers (59) weds award-winning producer Jennifer Peterson on a seaside wedding in Puerto Vallarta, Mexico
2012 - "Lady Antebellum" singer Dave Haywood (29) weds executive with Warner Bros. Records Kelli Cashiola (30) in Nashville, Tennessee

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 2 of 2

Novelist Danielle SteelNovelist Danielle Steel (1978) 1978 - Novelist Danielle Steel (30) divorces Danny Zugelder after almost 3 years of marriage
1994 - Musician Billy Joel & supermodel Christie Brinkley announce plans to divorce

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 123

711 - Childebert III, king of French, dies at about 27
911 - Sergius III, Italian Pope (904-11), dies
1099 - Conrad, bishop of Utrecht, stabbed to death
1132 - Mstislav of Kiev (b. 1076)
1240 - Llywelyn ap Iorwerth, Prince of Wales, dies
1279 - Boleslaus of Greater Poland
1322 - Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Lord Badlesmere, English soldier (b. 1275)
1345 - Richard Aungerville, English bishop and writer (b. 1287)
1427 - John IV, duke of Brabant, dies
1433 - Liduina van Schiedam, Dutch mystic (Christ's Bride)/saint, dies at 53
1471 - Richard Neville Warwick, 2nd earl of Salisbury, dies at 42
1552 - Laurentius Andreae, [Lars Andersson], Swedish church reformer, dies
1574 - Christoffel Palts, German general strategist, dies in battle
1574 - Hendrik, count of Nassau-Dillenburg, dies in battle
1574 - Louis, earl of Nassau-Dillenburg, dies in battle at 35
1578 - James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell, consort of Mary I of Scotland
1599 - Henry Wallop, English statesman
1655 - Johann Erasmus Kindermann, composer, dies at 39
1662 - William Fiennes, 1st Viscount Saye and Sele, English statesman (b. 1582)
1682 - Avvakum, Russian priest and writer (b. 1621)
1692 - Carlos de Gurrea, Spanish viceroy (Spanish Netherlands), dies
1695 - Jean de la Fontaine, French poet (Fables), dies at 73
1716 - Arthur Herbert, 1st Earl of Torrington, British admiral
1721 - Michel Chamillart, French statesman (b. 1652)
Composer George Friedrich HandelComposer George Friedrich Handel (1759) 1759 - George Frideric Handel, Baroque composer and organist (Water Music), dies at 74
1764 - Peder [Nielsen] Horrebow, Danish astronomer, dies at 84
1785 - William Whitehead, English writer (b. 1715)
1792 - Maximilian Hell, Slovakian astronomer (b. 1720)
1813 - Joachim Nicolas Eggert, composer, dies at 34
1843 - Joseph Franz Karl Lanner, Austria, composer/violist, dies at 42
1874 - Hermanus J Abbring, Dutch author/engineer on Curacao, dies at 86
1888 - William Fisk Sherwin, composer, dies at 62
1910 - Mikhail Vrubel, Russian painter (b. 1856)
1911 - Addie Joss, American baseball player (b. 1880)
1911 - Henri Elzéar Taschereau, French Canadian jurist and Chief Justice of Canada (b. 1836)
1912 - Henri Brisson, French statesman (b. 1835)
1913 - Karl Hagenbeck, German animal trainer (Von Tieren), dies at 68
1914 - Paul Ehrenreich, German etnologist/mythologist, dies at 58
1914 - Hubert Bland, English co-founder of the Fabian Society (b. 1855)
1915 - James Hutton Brew, Pioneer of West African Journalism, dies
1917 - Lew [Lejzer L] Zamenhof, Polish doc/linguist (Esperanto), dies at 57
Architect and Father of Skyscrapers Louis SullivanArchitect and Father of Skyscrapers Louis Sullivan (1924) 1924 - Louis Sullivan, architect (father of skyscrapers), dies at 67
1924 - Roland Napoleon Bonaparte, Fr officer/explorer (Surinam), dies at 65
1925 - Pieter D van Essen, Dutch artillery officer, dies at 54
1930 - W Majakowski, writer, dies at 36
1934 - Gerald du Maurier, British actor-manager (Unmarried, Escape), dies
1934 - Karl Dane, dies at 57
1935 - Amalie Emmy Noether, German mathematician (b. 1882)
1941 - Jack Edmonson, Australian corporal in Tobruk (Victoria Cross), dies
1941 - Guillermo Kahlo, father of Frida Kahlo (b. 1871)
1943 - Asser B Kleerekoper, SDAP-Second-Member of parliament, dies at 62
1943 - Geoffrey Turton Shaw, composer, dies at 63
1948 - Walter P Reuther, Pres (United Auto Workers), shot at his home
1949 - Joseph A Cushman, US paleontologist, dies at 68
1950 - Sri Ramana Maharshi, Indian philosopher (b. 1879)
1953 - Emmanuel K de Bom, Flemish writer (Scheldelucht), dies at 84
1960 - Archibald McIndoe, plastic surgeon, dies
1964 - Bert McGirr, cricketer (2 Tests for NZ, 51 runs), dies
1964 - Earle Hodgins, actor (Guestward Ho!), dies at 64
Marine Biologist and Writer Rachel CarsonMarine Biologist and Writer Rachel Carson (1964) 1964 - Rachel Carson, American biologist/author (Silent spring), dies at 56
1964 - Tatyana Alexeyevna Afanasyeva, Russian/Dutch mathematician (b. 1876)
1965 - Leonard Mudie, dies of heart ailment at 82
1965 - Perry E Smith, US murderer (In Cold Blood), hanged
1965 - Robert E Hickok, US murderer (In Cold Blood), hanged
1968 - Al Benton, American baseball player (b. 1911)
1971 - Armand Spitz, developer of small educational planetarium, dies
1973 - Magda Janssens, Flemish actress (Nederlands in 7 Lessons), dies at 88
1973 - Minna Gombell, dies in Santa Monica CA
1975 - Fredric March, American actor (Inherit the Wind), dies of prostate cancer at 77
1976 - Maude Prickett, actress (Rosie-Hazel), dies at 60
1976 - José Revueltas, Mexican writer (b. 1914)
1977 - Riekus Waskowsky, Dutch poet, dies at 44
1980 - Tom Fadden, actor (Duffeild-Broken Arrow, Cimarron City), dies at 84
1983 - Nina Dumbadze, Russian discus thrower (Oly-bronze-1952), dies at 64
Musician Pete FarndonMusician Pete Farndon (1983) 1983 - Pete Farndon, rock bassist (Pretenders), dies
1983 - Willem F Bon, Dutch composer, dies at 42
1984 - Dionisis Papagiannopoulos, Greek actor (b. 1912)
1985 - Enver Hoxha, Albanian leader (1944-85), dies
1985 - Reginald Beane, pianist (Starlit Time, Once Upon a Tune), dies at 63
1985 - Noele Gordon, British actress (Crossroads) dies aged 65.
1986 - Simone de Beauvoir, French author (She Came to Stay), dies of pneumonia at 78
1987 - Karl Holler, composer, dies at 79
1988 - Herbert Reynolds Inch, composer, dies at 83
1988 - Johan Franco, composer, dies at 79
Author Simone de BeauvoirAuthor Simone de Beauvoir (1986) 1988 - John Stonehouse, British politician (b. 1925)
1989 - Lance Pierre, cricketer (Test WI v Engl 1948, DNB, 7 overs 0-28), dies
1990 - Martin Kessel, writer, dies on 89th birthday
1990 - Peter Dunn, actor (Invaders from Mars) dies
1990 - Thurston Harris, American singer (b. 1931)
1992 - David Miller, dies of cancer at 82
1992 - Sammy Price, US boogie-woogie pianist, dies
1993 - Jo Boer, Dutch painter/writer/author (Heir, dies at 85
1993 - Sam Ntombani, ANC-secretary in Soweto South-Africa, shot to death
1994 - Selometsi Baholo, vice-premier of Lesotho, murdered
1994 - Salimuzzaman Siddiqui, Pakistani scientist and scholar (b. 1897)
1995 - Brian Coffey, poet, dies at 89
1995 - Burl Ives, folk singer/actor (Cat on a Hot Tin Roof), dies at 85
1995 - Donald Keech, entrepreneur, dies at 74
1995 - James Daniel "Danny" Turner, saxophonist, dies at 75
1995 - Michael Scott Montague Fordham, jungian analyst educator, dies at 89

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