This Day in History for 16th April

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 175

1178 BC - A solar eclipse may have marked the return of Odysseus, legendary King of Ithaca, to his kingdom after the Trojan War.
73 - Masada, a Jewish fortress, falls to the Romans after several months of siege, ending the Jewish Revolt.
556 - Pelagius I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
1071 - Bari falls to Robert Guiscard, ending Byzantine rule in Italy.
1346 - The Serbian Empire is proclaimed in Skopje at an Easter assembly and Stephen Uroš IV Dušan crowned Emperor over much of the Balkans.
1395 - Azzo X d'Este is defeated at the Battle of Portomaggiore by Venetian-Ferrarese troops.
1509 - French army under Louis XII enters Alps
1521 - Martin Luther arrives at the Diet of Worms assembly
1582 - Spanish conquistador Hernando de Lerma founds the settlement of Salta, Argentina.
Founder of Protestanism Martin LutherFounder of Protestanism Martin Luther 1632 - Albrecht von Wallenstein appointed supreme commander
1705 - Queen Anne of England knights Isaac Newton at Trinity College, Cambridge
1746 - Battle of Culloden, the last battle on British soil: Royalist troops under the Duke of Cumberland defeat the Jacobite army.
1777 - Battle of Bennington-New England's Green Mountain Boys rout British
1780 - The University of Münster in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany is founded.
1787 - 1st American comedy, "The Contrast," made its debut in NYC
1789 - George Washington heads for 1st presidential inauguration
French Emperor Napoleon BonaparteFrench Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte 1799 - Napoleonic Wars: The Battle of Mount Tabor - Napoleon drives Ottoman Turks across the River Jordan near Acre.
1818 - Senate ratifies Rush-Bagot amendment (unarmed US-Canada border)
1849 - Giacomo Meyerbeer's opera Le prophète, premieres in Paris
1853 - The first passenger rail opens in India, from Bori Bunder, Bombay to Thane.
1854 - Franz Liszt's "Mazeppa" premieres
1854 - San Salvador destroyed by earthquake
1854 - Steamer "Long Beach" sinks off Long Beach NY, 311 die
1858 - The Wernerian Natural History Society, a former Scottish learned society, is wound up.
1861 - US president Lincoln outlaws business with confederate states
Composer/Pianist Franz LisztComposer/Pianist Franz Liszt 1862 - Slavery abolished in District of Columbia
1862 - American Confederate Congress approves conscription act for all white males (18-35 years)
1865 - Battle of Columbus & West Point, GA (Ft Tyler)
1866 - Karakozov attempts to assassinate Tsar Alexander II of Russia
1866 - Nitroglycerine at Wells Fargo & Co office explodes
1868 - Louisiana voters approve new constitution
1869 - Ebenezer Bassett, 1st US Negro diplomat, begins service in Haiti
1870 - Vaudeville Theatre Strand opens in London
1871 - German Empire ends all anti-Jewish civil restrictions
1874 - Dr David Livingstone's body arrives in Southampton
Physician and Explorer David LivingstonePhysician and Explorer David Livingstone 1881 - In Dodge City, Kansas, Bat Masterson fights his last gun battle.
1883 - Paul Kruger chosen as president of Transvaal
1888 - Drentse & Friese peat cutters go on strike
1900 - US Post Office issues 1st books of postage stamps
1908 - Natural Bridges National Monument forms (Lake Powell, Utah)
1912 - Harriet Quimby becomes 1st woman pilot to cross English Channel
1912 - Pirates turn a rare 5-3-7 doubleplay (left fielder covers 2nd base)
1913 - The Bulgarians and the Turks agree to an armistice that will be accepted by the other nations involved
1917 - [OS Apr 3] Lenin arrives back from exile in Russia at Finland Station, Petrograd to join the Russian Revolution
Marxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader Vladimir LeninMarxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader Vladimir Lenin 1917 - [OS Apr 4] Lenin issues his radical April Theses calling for Soviets to take power during Russian Revolution
1921 - Liberal Freedom League forms in The Hague
1922 - Annie Oakley sets women's record by breaking 100 clay targets in a row
1922 - German-Russia treaty signed in Italy, Soviet Union recognized
1924 - 1st radio-transmission of wireless: Mattheus Passion
1924 - Child labor laws strengthened in Holland
1925 - During the Communist St Nedelya Church assault in Sofia, 150 are killed and 500 are wounded.
1926 - Book of the Month Club sends out its 1st selections "Lolly Willowes" & "Loving Huntsman" by Sylvia Townsend Warner
1929 - Cleve Indian Earl Averill, becomes 1st AL to hit a HR on 1st at bat
Sharp Shooter Annie OakleySharp Shooter Annie Oakley 1929 - NY Yankees become 1st team to wear uniform numbers
1935 - 1st radio broadcast of "Fibber McGee & Molly"
1935 - Babe Ruth's 1st NL game, for Boston Braves, included a HR
1938 - Great Britain recognizes Italian annexation of Abyssinia
1939 - Stalin requests British, French & Russian anti-nazi pact
1939 - Stanley Cup: Boston Bruins beat Toronto Maple Leafs, 4 games to 1
1940 - 1st televised baseball game, WGN-TV, (White Sox vs Cubs exhibition)
1940 - Cleve Indian Bob Feller hurls an opening day no-hitter vs Chic, 1-0
Soviet Union Premier Joseph StalinSoviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin 1940 - Heitor Villa-Lobos' opera "Izaht" premieres in Rio de Janeiro
1941 - Little Theater at Adelphi Strand closes
1942 - Japanese occupying army on Java installs film censorship
1943 - 40 NZ bombers attack Haarlem Neth (85 killed)
1943 - Dr. Albert Hofmann discovers the psychedelic effects of LSD.
1945 - German troops in Groningen surrender
1945 - Red Army begins Battle of Berlin
1945 - US troops enter Nuremberg, Germany, during WW II
1945 - US troops land on He Shima, Okinawa
1945 - Colditz Castle, the high-security prisoner of war camp in Germany, is liberated by American troops.
1946 - 1st US launch of captured V-2 rocket, White Sands, NM; 8 km alt
1946 - NSB mayor of Rotterdam Neth, FE Muller sentence to 100 years in jail
1947 - -17] Explosions & fire on French ship Grandcamp
1947 - Lens to provide zoom effects demonstrated (NYC)
1947 - Massive explosion & fire kills 522 in Texas City, Tx
1948 - Organization for European Economic Cooperation (EEC) forms in Paris
1949 - Stanley Cup: Toronto Maple Leafs sweep Detroit Red Wings in 4 games
1951 - British submarine Affray sank in English Channel, killing 75
1952 - "4 Saints in 3 Acts" opens at Broadway Theater NYC for 15 performances
Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth IIQueen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II 1953 - British royal yacht Britannia launched by Queen Elizabeth II
1953 - Jackie Pung wins LPGA Palm Springs Golf Open
1953 - Phillie's Connie Ryan gets 6 hits in a game
1953 - Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens beat Boston Bruins, 4 games to 1
1953 - WAND TV channel 17 in Decatur, IL (ABC) begins broadcasting
1954 - KVAL TV channel 13 in Eugene, OR (CBS) begins broadcasting
1954 - Stanley Cup: Detroit Red Wings beat Montreal Canadiens, 4 games to 3
1956 - 1st solar powered radios go on sale
1957 - Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens beat Boston Bruins, 4 games to 1
1957 - USSR performs atmospheric nuclear test
1958 - French government of Gaillard falls due to Tunisia crisis
1959 - "Party with Comden & Green" opens at John Golden NYC for 44 perfs
1959 - Datu Abdul Rozak inaugurated as premier of Malaysia federation
1959 - NY Yankees unveil their 1st message scoreboard
1959 - Phils' Dave Philley gets a major league record 9th straight pinch hit
1961 - 15th Tony Awards: Becket & Bye Bye Birdie win
1961 - Louise Suggs wins LPGA Dallas Civitan Golf Open
1961 - Stanley Cup: Chicago Blackhawks beat Detroit Red Wings, 4 games to 2
1962 - Brazil nationalizes US businesses
Broadcast Journalist Walter CronkiteBroadcast Journalist Walter Cronkite 1962 - Walter Cronkite begins anchoring CBS Evening News

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 260

778 - King Louis the Pious (d. 840)
1319 - King John II of France (d. 1364)
1495 - Petrus Apianus, German mathematician (d. 1557)
1628 - Cornelis Evertsen de Young, vice admiral of Zealand
1635 - Frans van Mieris, the Elder, Dutch painter
1646 - Jules Hardouin Mansart, French architect (d. 1708)
1648 - John Luyken, poet/etcher (Duytse Lyre)
1652 - Clement XII, [Lorenzo Corsini], Italy, Pope (1730-40)
1660 - Hans Sloane, England, physician/naturalist/founder (British Museum)
1661 - Charles Montagu, 1st Earl of Halifax, British poet and statesman (d. 1715)
1673 - Francesco Feroci, composer
1682 - John Hadley, mathematician/inventor (1st reflecting telescope)
1693 - Anne Sophie Reventlow, queen of Denmark and Norway (d. 1743)
1697 - Johann Gottlieb Gorner, composer
1703 - Caffarelli, [Gaetano Majorano], Italian castra singer/duke
1728 - Joseph Zwart, Scottish chemist/physicist
1738 - Henry Clinton, British general (d. 1795)
1755 - Élisabeth-Louise Vigée Le Brun, French painter (d. 1842)
1800 - Jozef Stefani, composer
1800 - William Chambers, author/publisher (Basis of Communication & Coding)
1800 - George Bingham, 3rd Earl of Lucan, British soldier (d. 1888)
1808 - Caleb Blood Smith, Secy Int (Union), died in 1864
1816 - Edward "Old Allegheny" Johnson, Major General (Confederate Army)
1820 - Georg Curtius, German classical linguist
1821 - Ford Maddox Brown, painter
1823 - Mother Joseph, [Esther Pariseau], religious leader (US capitol)
1823 - Orlando Bolivar Wilcox, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1907
1823 - Ferdinand Eisenstein, German mathematician (d. 1852)
1827 - Octave Crémazie, French Canadian poet (d. 1879)
1832 - John A Neuhuys, painter
1838 - Karel Bendl, composer
1844 - Anatole France, writer (Thaïs, Wickerwork Woman, Nobel 1921)
1847 - Hans Auer, Swiss architect, (d. 1906)
1848 - Kandukuri Veeresalingam, Social Reformer of Andhra Pradesh, India (d. 1919)
1850 - Herbert Baxter Adams, US, historian (American Historical Association)
1851 - Ernst Josephson, Sweden, artist
1859 - Winifred Cochrane, Countess of Dundonald, philanthropist (d. 1924)
1861 - Isaac Murphy, US jockey (won 628 races)
1865 - Henry George Chauvel, Australian general (d. 1945)
1867 - Jose de Diego, Puerto Rico, patriot/PR Secretary of Justice
Aviator Wilbur WrightAviator Wilbur Wright (1867) 1867 - Wilbur Wright, Millville Indiana, American aviator (Wright Brothers)
1868 - Joel Angel, Russian musicologist/composer
1868 - Spottiswoode Aitken, Edinburgh Scot, actor (Eagle, Home Sweet Home)
1871 - John Millington Synge, Ireland, dramatist/poet (Riders to the Sea)
1871 - Martin Lunssens, composer
1878 - R E "Tip" Foster, cricketer (287 on debut England v Aust SCG 1903)
1881 - Edward Frederick Wood, 1st Earl of Halifax/ambassador to US (1940-46)
1882 - Seth Bingham, composer
1885 - Leo Weiner, Hungary, composer (Fasching)
1886 - Ernst Thalmann, German communist presidential candidate
1886 - Jekabs Graubins, composer
1886 - Konstantin Mostras, composer
1889 - Charles 'Charlie' Chaplin, London UK, actor/comedian (City Lights, Gold Rush)
1893 - Federico Mompou, composer
1893 - Joseph Yasser, composer
1895 - Robert Dean Frisbie, American writer (d. 1948)
1897 - Arthur Charles Ernest Hoeree, composer
1897 - Jaap Vranken, Dutch organist/composer (Stabat Mater)
1897 - John B Glubb, British commandant/writer (A soldier with the Arabs)
1899 - Osman Achmatowicz, Polish chemist (d. 1988)
1900 - Polly Adler, Russia, bordello proprieter/author (House is not a Home)
1901 - Karel Albert, Flemish composer (Marieken van Nymeghen)
1901 - Leo Poos, nazi police officer (caught Dutch underground agents)
1904 - Clifford Case, (Sen-R-NJ)
1904 - Fifi D'Orsay, Montreal, actress (Life Jimmy Dolan, Girl from Calgary)
1905 - John Lee-Barber, admiral
1906 - Bep [Elisa H] Bakhuis, Dutch soccer star/writer
1906 - Cobina W "Coby" Molenaar, Dutch peace activist
1906 - Marion Lloyd Vince, Brooklyn New York, American fencer (National champ 1928, 31)
1906 - Pigmeat Markham, Durham NC, comedian (Here Comes da Judge-Laugh In)
1907 - August Eigruber, Austrian war criminal (d. 1947)
1907 - Joseph-Armand Bombardier, French-Canadian inventor and businessman (Bombardier) (d. 1964)
1909 - Herman Uyttersprot, Flemish literature historian
1911 - Christine McIntyre, actress (3 Stooges movies)
1911 - William Stearn, botanist
1912 - David Langton, Scotland, actor (Quintet, St Joan, Abandon Ship)
1912 - John Halas, animator
1912 - Garth Williams, American illustrator (d. 1996)
1912 - Catherine Scorsese, Italian-American actress (d. 1997)
1913 - Constance Shacklock, opera singer
1913 - Les Tremayne, London, actor (Angry Red Planet, War of the Worlds)
1913 - Lord Aberconway, CEO (John Brown & Co)
1914 - John Hodiak, Pittsburgh PA, actor (A Bell for Adamo, Lifeboat)
1915 - Dany [Daniel S] Tuijnman, head of Dutch traffic & water
1915 - Gerard McLarnon, actor/writer
1917 - Barry Nelson, American actor (d. 2007)
1917 - Charlotte Salomon, Berlin Germany, German-Jewish artist
Comedian and author Spike MilliganComedian and author Spike Milligan (1918) 1918 - Spike Milligan, India, actor/comedian (Digby, 3 Musketeers)
1918 - Joan Alexander, American actress
1918 - Dick Gibson, British racing driver
1919 - Merce Cunningham, choreographer (Acrobat in Every Soul is a Circus)
1919 - Tom Willmore, English geometer (d. 2005)
1920 - Barry Nelson, Oakland, actor (Airport, My Favorite Husband)
1920 - Dermot O'Callaghan Grubb, prison governor
1920 - John William Farr, Detroit, bank robber (FBI Most Wanted List)
1920 - Kees Scherer, Dutch photographer (World Press Photo)
1921 - Peter Ustinov, London, actor (Death on Nile, Logan's Run, Billy Budd)
1922 - Christopher Samuel Youd, UK, sci-fi author (Tripods Trilogy), (d. 2012)
1922 - Kingsley Amis, London, novelist (Lucky Jim, James Bond Dossier)
1922 - Leo Tindermans, British statesman

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 5 of 5

Comedian and Actor Michael PalinComedian and Actor Michael Palin (1966) 1966 - Actor and comedian Michael Palin (22) weds Helen Gibbins
1994 - Singer Harry Connick Jr (26) weds model Jill Goodare (30) at St. Louis Cathedral in New Orleans, Louisiana
1996 - Singer Judy Collins (57) weds industrial designer Louis Nelson (59) at Cathedral of St. John the Divine in New York City
2005 - One Tree Hill actress Sophia Bush (23) weds actor Chad Michael Murray (24) at Hotel Casa Del Mar in Santa Monica, California
2005 - "Survivor: All-Stars" winner Amber Mariano (26) weds The Amazing Race star Rob Mariano (29) at the Atlantis Resort on Paradise Island in the Bahamas

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 1 of 1

1816 - Leading Romantic Age poet Lord Byron signs Deed of Separation dissolving his marriage with Lady Byron at her request after 1 year of marriage

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 112

69 - Otho, Roman Emperor (b. 32)
744 - al-Walid II, Umayyad caliph
924 - Berengar of Friuli, King of Italy
1113 - Sviatopolk II of Kiev, Russian prince (b. 1050)
1118 - Adelaide del Vasto, wife of Roger II of Sicily
1198 - Duke Frederick I of Austria
1446 - Filippo Brunelleschi, architect, dies
1496 - David van Bourgondie, Bishop of Utrecht (1456-96), dies at about 69
1529 - Louis de Berquin, French humanist/reformer/heretic, burned at stake
1619 - Denijs Calvaert/Caluwaert, [Dionisio Fiamingo], Flemish painter, dies
1645 - Tobias Hume, English composer
1687 - George Villiers 2nd duke of Buckingham, dies at 59
1689 - Aphra Behn, English dramatist (b. 1640)
1743 - Cornelis van Bijnkershoek, Dutch lawyer (Roman law), dies at 69
1756 - Jacques Cassini, Fr astronomer (Discover rings of Saturn), dies at 79
1760 - Laurence, 4th Earl Ferrers, executed for murder of his steward
1783 - Christian Mayer, Czech astronomer (b. 1719)
1788 - Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon, French naturalist (b. 1707)
1825 - John Henry Fuseli, painter/art writer (Tracks in the Snow), dies at 84
1828 - Francisco Goya y Lucientes, Spanish painter/cartoonist, dies at 82
1846 - Domenico Dragonetti, composer, dies at 83
Wax Museum Creator Madame TussaudWax Museum Creator Madame Tussaud (1850) 1850 - Marie [Gresholtz] Tussaud, maker of wax figures, dies at 88
1858 - Johann Baptist Cramer, Ger/Brit pianist/composer/publisher, dies at 87
1859 - Alexis de Tocqueville, French historian (b. 1805)
1860 - Carolina, duchess of Berry/daughter of crown prince of Naples, dies
1865 - Robert C Tyler, US Confederate brig-general, dies in battle
1870 - Anatoli O Demidov, Russian ruler of Donato/traveller, dies
1876 - Augustin-Philippe Peellaert, composer, dies at 83
1879 - Bernadette, st/(saw Virgin Mary at Lourdes), dies in Nevers France
1881 - George William Martin, composer, dies at 56
1888 - Zygmunt Florenty Wróblewski, Polish physicist (b. 1845)
1899 - Emilio Jacinto, Filipino poet and revolutionary (b 1875)
1904 - Maximilian Kronberger, German poet (b. 1888)
1904 - Samuel Smiles, Scottish writer and reformer (b. 1812)
1914 - George W Hill, US astronomer (moon orbit), dies at 76
1915 - Nelson W. Aldrich, American politician (b. 1841)
1916 - Tom Horan, cricketer (15 Tests for Aust, 471 runs, 11 wickets), dies
1920 - John Conrad Nordqvist, composer, dies at 80
1924 - Jack Board, cricket wicket-keeper (Eng in 6 Tests 1898-1906), dies
1928 - Henry Birks, Canadian businessman, founder of Henri Birks and Sons (b. 1840)
1929 - Abraham van Stolk Jzn, art collector, dies at 57
1930 - José Carlos Mariátegui, Peruvian journalist, political philosopher and activist (b. 1894)
1938 - Bertram Wagstaff Mills, circus proprietor, dies
1938 - Steve Bloomer, English footballer (b. 1874)
1941 - Josiah Charles Stamp, 1st baron/statisician, dies
1946 - Arthur Chevrolet, Swiss-born race car driver and automobile designer (b. 1884)
1947 - Rudolf Höß, commandant of the Auschwitz concentration camp (b. 1900)
1949 - Sutan Ibrahim gelor Datuk Tan Malaka, Indon communist, executed at 54
1951 - Emile Erens, Dutch hagiographer (Pastor of Ars), dies at 85
1955 - Abdullah Seif el-Islam, brother of Yemenite king Ahmed, beheaded
Chemist and molecular biologist Rosalind FranklinChemist and molecular biologist Rosalind Franklin (1958) 1958 - Rosalind Franklin, British chemist (b. 1920)
1959 - Charles Halton, dies at 83
1968 - Edna Ferber, American author (American Beauty), dies at 82
1968 - Fay Bainter, actress (Jezebel, Our Town, State Fair), dies at 76
1970 - Richard Neutra, American architect (b. 1892)
1972 - Yasunari Kawabata, Japanese author (Nobel 1968), dies at 72
1978 - Lucius D Clay, gen/gov US zone W-Germany (airlift), dies at 80
1981 - Eric Hollies, cricketer (13 Tests for England, 44 wickets), dies
1985 - Scott Brady, [Gerald Tierney], actor (Shotgun Slade), dies at 60
1988 - Abu Jihad, [Khalil al-Wazzir], PLO-leader, murdered
1988 - Clifford Roach, cricketer (16 Tests early in WI cricket history), dies
1988 - Jacques de Kadt, Dutch 2nd chamber member (soc-dem), dies at 90
1988 - Khalil al-Wazir, PLO milt commander, assassinated by Israeli commandos
1988 - Warde Donovan, dies at 72
1989 - Tawfieq Yusuf Awwaad, Lebanese writer, dies
1991 - David Lean, director (28 academy awards), dies of pneumonia at 83
1992 - Andy Russell, drummer/vocalist (Your Hit Parade), dies of stroke at 72
1992 - Frank Killmond, dies at 58
1992 - Neville Brand, American actor (Stalag 17), dies of emphysema at 71
1993 - John P W Meefout, sculptor (Laying wife), dies at 77
1994 - John McLiam, dies of Parkinson's disease at 75
1994 - Ralph Waldo Ellison, US writer (Invisible Man), dies at 80
1994 - Ron Vawter, US actor (Roy Cohn, Silence of the Lambs), dies at 45
1994 - Samuel Selvon, author, dies at 70
1995 - Arthur English, comedian, dies at 75
1995 - Cheyenne Brando, daughter of Marlon, commits suicide
1995 - Cyril Enfield, film Director, dies at 80
1995 - Stewart Myles MacPherson, broadcaster, dies at 86
1995 - Iqbal Masih, Pakistani child slave labourer, activist (b. 1982)
1996 - Lucille Bremer, dancer/actress (Ziegfeld Follies), dies at 73
1996 - Madeleine Bourdouxhe, writer, dies at 89
1996 - Raymond Earl Hill, saxophonist, dies at 62
1996 - Stavros Spyros Niarchos, Greek shipowner, dies at 86
1997 - Emilio Azcarraga Milmo, media tycoon, dies at 66
1997 - Mae Boren Axton, song writer (Heartbreak Hotel), dies at 82
1997 - Michael Stroka, actor (Aristede-Dark Shadows), dies of cancer at 57
1997 - Roland Topor, French illustrator (b. 1938)
1998 - Fred Davis, English snooker player (b. 1913)
1998 - Alberto Calderón, Argentine mathematician (b. 1920)
1999 - Skip Spence, Canadian-born guitarist, singer and songwriter (Jefferson Airplane) (b. 1946)
2001 - Alec Stock, English football manager (b. 1917)
2002 - Ruth Fertel, American restaurateur (b. 1927)
2002 - Robert Urich, American actor (b. 1946)
2003 - Graham Jarvis, Canadian actor, dies of multiple myeloma at 72
2003 - Graham Stuart Thomas, English author and garden designer (b. 1909)
2005 - Kay Walsh, British actress (b. 1911)
2005 - Kim Mu-saeng, South Korean actor (b. 1943)
2005 - Marla Ruzicka, American humanitarian worker and peace activist (b. 1976)
2006 - Francisco Adam, Portuguese actor and model (b. 1983)
2007 - Gaetan Duchesne, Canadian hockey player (b. 1962)

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