This Day in History for 17th April

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 170

858 - Benedict III ends his reign as Catholic Pope
1397 - Geoffrey Chaucer tells the Canterbury Tales for the first time at the court of Richard II. Chaucer scholars have also identified this date (in 1387) as when the book's pilgrimage to Canterbury starts.
1492 - Christopher Columbus signs contract with Spain to find Indies
1524 - Giovanni Verrazano, a Florentine navigator, discovers New York Bay
1534 - Sir Thomas More confined in London Tower
1555 - Siena surrenders for Spanish troops
1596 - Archduke Albrecht of Austria occupies Calais
1629 - 1st commercial fishery established
1704 - 1st successful US newspaper; published in Boston by John Campbell
1711 - Charles VI becomes Holy Roman Emperor after the death of his brother Joseph I
1747 - French troops occupy Zeeuws-Flanders, Netherlands
Explorer of the New World Christopher ColumbusExplorer of the New World Christopher Columbus 1758 - Francis Williams, 1st US black college graduate, publishes poems
1793 - Battle of Warsaw
1797 - Sir Ralph Abercromby attacks San Juan, Puerto Rico in what would be one of the largest invasions to Spanish territories in America.
1808 - Bayonne Decree by Napoleon I of France orders seizure of US ships
1817 - 1st US school for deaf (Hartford, Conn)
1824 - Russia abandons all North American claims south of 54° 40'N
1839 - Guatemala forms republic
1853 - Thorbecke government resigns
1853 - US Marine Hospital at Presidio (SF) forms
French Emperor Napoléon BonaparteFrench Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte 1861 - Indianola TX - "Star of West" taken by Confederacy
1861 - Virginia secedes from the Union (US Civil War)
1863 - R Grierson's: La Grange, TN to Baton Rouge, LA
1864 - Battle of Plymouth, NC
1864 - Bread revolt in Savannah, Georgia
1864 - Grant suspends prisoner-of-war exchanges
1865 - Mary Surratt is arrested as a conspirator in Lincoln's assassination
1869 - 1st pro baseball games-Cin Reds 24, Cin amateurs 15
1875 - Snooker invented by Sir Neville Chamberlain
1892 - 1st Sunday NL baseball game, Reds beat Cards 5-1
1895 - Treaty of Shimonoseki signed, ends 1st Sino-Japanese War (1894-95)
1900 - 7 high chiefs of American Samoa sign Instrument of Cession
1905 - US Supreme court judges maximum work day unconstitutional
1905 - The Supreme Court of the United States decides Lochner v. New York which held that the "right to free contract" was implicit in the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution.
1907 - Ellis Island, NY-11,745 immigrants arrive
1912 - 1st unofficial gold record (Al Jolson's "Ragging The Baby To Sleep")
1920 - American Professional Football Association forms (NFL)
1923 - Longest NL opening game, Phillies & Dodgers tie 5-5 in 14
1924 - Metro Pictures, Goldwyn Pictures & Louis B Mayer Co merged to form MGM
Baseball Legend Babe RuthBaseball Legend Babe Ruth 1925 - NY Yankee Babe Ruth has ulcer surgery
1925 - Paul Painlevé follows Edouard Herriot on as French premier
1927 - Japan's Wakarsoeki government falls/Baron Tanaka becomes premier
1930 - Abkhazian ASSR forms in Georgian SSR
1930 - DuPont scientist Elmer K. Bolton invents neoprene using Julius Nieuwland's divinyl acetylene
1932 - Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia ends slavery
1933 - Chicago Bears win their 1st NFL Game beating NY Giants 23-21
1934 - New Fenway Park opens, Washington Senators beat Red Sox 6-5
1935 - Provincial-National elections (Musserts NSB achieves 7.9%/44 chairs)
1937 - Cartoon characters Daffy Duck, Elmer J Fudd & Petunia Pig, debut
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion Joe LouisBoxer and World Heavyweight Champion Joe Louis 1939 - Joe Louis KOs Jack Roper in 1 for heavyweight boxing title
1939 - SN Behrman's "No Time for Comedy" premieres in NYC
1939 - Stalin signs British-France-Russian anti-Nazi pact
1941 - British troop land in Iraq/Yugoslavia; surrender to nazis
1941 - Office of Price Administration forms (handled rationing)
1941 - World War II: The Kingdom of Yugoslavia surrenders to Germany.
1942 - 12 Lancasters bomb MAN factory in Augsburg
1942 - Operations begin to destroy Sobibor Concentration Camp
1942 - POW French General Henri Giraud escapes from his castle prison in Festung Königstein.
Soviet Union Premier Joseph StalinSoviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin 1943 - Admiral Yamamoto flies from Truk to Rabaul
1943 - SS-lt-general Jurgen Stoop arrives in Warsaw
1945 - 8th Air Force bombs Dresden
1945 - German occupiers flood Wieringermeer Neth
1945 - Benito Mussolini flees from Salò to Milan
1945 - US troops lands in Mindanao
1946 - Syria declares independence from French administration
1947 - Jackie Robinson bunts for his 1st major league hit
1948 - Elpidio Quirino assumed the presidency, taking his oath of office two days after the death of President Manuel Roxas
1951 - NY Yankee Mickey Mantle's 1st game, he goes 1 for 4
1953 - Mickey Mantle hits a 565' (172 m) HR in Wash DC's Griffith Stadium
1955 - Betty Jameson wins LPGA Babe Didrikson-Zaharias Golf Open
Baseball Legend Mickey MantleBaseball Legend Mickey Mantle 1956 - Bulgaria premier Tchervenkov resigns
1956 - Premium Savings Bonds introduced in Great Britain
1956 - USSR's Cominform (Parliament) dissolves
1956 - Willie Mosconi sinks 150 consecutive balls in a billiard tournament
1958 - Brussells (Belgium) World Fair opens
1960 - American Samoa sets up a constitutional government
1960 - Cleveland Indians trade Rocky Colavito to Tigers for Harvey Kuenn
1961 - 1,400 Cuban exiles land in Bay of Pigs in a doomed attempt to overthrow Castro
1961 - 33rd Academy Awards - "Apartment" wins best film, Burt Lancaster & Elizabeth Taylor win best actor/actress
Actor Jimmy StewartActor Jimmy Stewart 1961 - Jimmy Stewart accepts an honorary Oscar on behalf of his friend Gary Cooper, who is too ill to attend
1964 - "Cafe Crown" opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC for 3 performances
1964 - "High Spirits" opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 375 performances
1964 - 1st game at Shea Stadium, NY Mets lose to Pittsburgh Pirates, 4-3
1964 - Ford Mustang formally introduced ($2,368 base)
1964 - Jerrie Mock becomes 1st woman to fly solo around the world
1966 - 100th international soccer match between Netherlands-Belgium (3-1)
1966 - Carol Mann wins LPGA Raleigh Ladies Golf Invitational
1967 - Shortwave Radio NY Worldwide goes back on the air after a week off
1967 - Surveyor 3 launched; soft lands on Moon, April 20
1968 - "Fade Out-Fade In" closes at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC after 72 perfs
1968 - A's 1st game in Oakland-Alameda Stadium, lose 4-1 to Balt Orioles
1969 - People's Democracy activist Bernadette Devlin becomes the youngest woman Member of Parliament ever elected to Westminster at 21 years old
1969 - Alexander Dubček forced to resign as first secretary of Czechoslovakia's Communist Party
1969 - Mont Expos Bill Stoneman no-hits Phillies, 7-0
1969 - Sirhan Sirhan is convicted of assassinating Sen Robert F Kennedy
1969 - The Band (formerly The Hawks), perform their 1st concert
1970 - Apollo 13 limps back safely, Beech-built oxygen tank no help
Musician & member of the Beatles Paul McCartneyMusician & member of the Beatles Paul McCartney 1970 - Paul McCartney's 1st solo album "McCartney" is released
1971 - Egypt, Libya & Syria form federation (FAR)
1971 - People's Republic Bangladesh forms, under sheik Mujib ur-Rahman

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 257

1278 - Michael IX Palaeologus, co-ruling Eastern Roman Emperor (d. 1320)
1539 - Tobias Stimmer, Swiss painter/cartoonist (Comedia)
1573 - Maximilian I, Elector of Bavaria (d. 1651)
1586 - John Ford, English dramatist ('Tis Pity She's a Whore)
1587 - Marco Ivan Lukacic, composer
1598 - Giovanni Riccioli, Italian astronomer (d. 1671)
1620 - Marguerite Bourgeoys, Troyes France, founder of the Congregation of Notre Dame (first Canadian saint)
First Canadian Saint Marguerite BourgeoysFirst Canadian Saint Marguerite Bourgeoys (1620) 1622 - Henry Vaughan, English poet (Silex Scintillans)
1644 - Abraham Jansz Storck, painter, baptized
1666 - Francois Valentijn, Dutch vicar/writer
1676 - Frederik I, van Hessen Kassel, King of Sweden (1720-51)
1683 - Johann David Heinichen, composer
1699 - Robert Blair, Scottish poet (Grave)
1710 - Henry Erskine, 10th Earl of Buchan, British Freemason (d. 1767)
1715 - Johann Wolfgang Kleinknecht, composer
1719 - Christian Gottfried Krause, composer
1734 - Taksin, King of Thailand (d. 1782)
1738 - Philip Hayes, composer
1741 - Johann Gottlieb Naumann, composer
1741 - Samuel Chase, judge (signed Decl of Ind)
1750 - François de Neufchâteau, French statesman and intellectual figure (d. 1828)
1774 - Vaclav Jan Krtitel Tomasek, organist/pianist/composer
1788 - Joseph Gilbert Totten, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1864
1794 - Carl Friedrich Philipp von Martius, German botanist (d. 1868)
1797 - Jean-Baptiste-Joseph Tolbecque, Belgian composer/conductor
1798 - Étienne Bobillier, French mathematician (d. 1840)
1809 - Philip St George Cocke, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1861
1811 - Ann Sheppard Mounsey, composer
1813 - Henry Washington Benham, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1884
1816 - Thomas Hazlehurst, English Methodist chapel builder (d. 1876)
1820 - Gottfried Conradi, composer
1827 - French C Baeckelmans, Flemish architect (St Amanduskerk, Antwerp)
1833 - Jean-Baptiste Accolay, Belgian composer (d. 1900)
1837 - J. P. Morgan, Hartford, Connecticut, American banker/CEO (US Steel Corporation)
1842 - Maurice Rouvier, French statesman (d. 1911)
1845 - Isabel Barrows, US, editor/penologist (Conference on Negro Question)
1849 - William R. Day, American diplomat and Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1923)
1863 - Johannes P Boskaljon, Curacao composer/conductor
1863 - Augustus Edward Hough Love, English mathematician (d. 1940)
1865 - Ursula Julia Ledochowska, Polish-Austrian Catholic saint (d. 1939)
1866 - Ernest Starling, British physiologist (d. 1927)
1868 - Charles R Gallas, Dutch lexicographer (French dictionary)
1869 - Johannes M Meulenhoff, Dutch publisher
1870 - Ray Stannard Baker, US, journalist (Puliter Prize 1940)
1876 - Ian Hay, Scotland, novelist/playwright (PIp, Carrying On)
1877 - Matsudaira Tsuneo, Japanese diplomat (d. 1949)
1881 - Anton Wildgans, writer
1882 - Artur Schnabel, Lipnik Austria, pianist (Beethoven Piano Sonatas)
1883 - Hermann Darewsky, composer
1884 - Leo Frank, American convict, hanged in 1915 by a lynch mob
1885 - Cecil Burleigh, composer
1885 - Isak Dinesen, Danish writer (Out of Africa, 7 Gothic Tales)
1885 - Karen Blixen-Finecke, [pen name Isak Dinesen], Danish writer (Out of Africa)
1886 - Otto Lederer, Czechoslovakia, actor (Jazz Singer)
1890 - Art Acord, Glenwood Sevier UT, western actor (Arizona Kid, Hard Fists)
1892 - Jean PJC Haesaert, Flemish lawyer/sociologist
1895 - Bert Wheeler, actor (Nitwits, Hold 'em Jail, High Flyers, Rainmakers)
1896 - Senor Wences, ventriloquist (his hand acts as a puppet)
1897 - Antonius F "Anton" Coolen, Dutch author (Village by the River)
1897 - Harald Saeverud, Bergen Norway, composer (Saline) [NS]
1897 - Thornton N Wilder, US, novelist/playwright (Our Town)
1899 - Vincent Wigglesworth, entomologist
1901 - George Keyt, artist
1902 - Anton Beuving, lyricist (Ketelbinkie)
1902 - Jaime Torres Bodet, Mexican politician (d. 1974)
1903 - Gregor Piatigorsky, Ekaterinoslav Russia, cellist (or 4/20)
1903 - Nicolas Nabokov, Near Lubcha Minsk Russia, composer (Holy Devil)
1903 - Morgan Taylor, American athlete (d. 1975)
1904 - Edward Chodorov, playwright/director (Story of Louis Pasteur)
1904 - Naoomal Jeoomal, cricketer (pioneer Indian Test opening batsman)
1905 - Arthur Lake, Corbin Ky, actor (Dagwood-Blondie)
1905 - Louis Jean Heydt, Montclair NJ, actor (Joe-Waterfront)
1906 - M Rooi, editor-in-chief (New Rotterdam Daily)
1906 - Sidney R. Garfield, American physician (d. 1984)
1909 - Alain Emile Louis Marie Poher, politician
1909 - Humphrey Sims Moore, pacifist/journalist
1910 - Ivan Goff, Australian screenwriter (d. 1999)
1911 - Jean-Pierre Herve Bazin, writer
1911 - Mikhail Botvinnik, of USSR, world chess champion (1948-63)
1912 - Isador Caplan, lawyer/Aldeburgh Festival Pioneer
1913 - Paul Langton, Salt Lake City Utah, actor (Leslie-Peyton Place)
1913 - Richard Travis, Carlsbad NM, actor (Missile to the Moon)
1914 - George W. Davis, American art director (d. 1984)
1915 - Joe Foss, Sioux Falls, South Dakota, American fighter ace (Medal of Honor-1943) and politician (d. 2003)
1916 - Azijn Banana, [Oscar Enau], Antillean publicist
1916 - David Stafford-Clark, psychiatrist
1916 - Donald Gibson, British vice-admiral
1916 - Ryoei Saito, businessman
1916 - Sirimavo Bandaranaike, world's 1st woman PM (Sri Lanka, 1960..77)
1916 - Vinegar Banana, [Oscar Enau], Antillean publicist
1917 - Bill Clements, American politician
1918 - Anne Shirley, UK, actress (Devil & Daniel Webster, Stella Dallas)
1918 - William Holden, Ill, actor (Stalag 17, Bridge Over River Kwai, SOB)
1919 - Gilles Lamontagne, French Canadian politician
1919 - Chavela Vargas, Costa Rican-Mexican singer
1920 - Bengt N Anderberg, Swedish poet/writer (Kain)
1920 - Joan "Maudie" Warburton, painter
1921 - Donald Barron, CEO (Midland Bank)
Journalist Harry ReasonerJournalist Harry Reasoner (1923) 1923 - Harry Reasoner, Dakota City Iowa, newscaster (60 Minutes, ABC, CBS)
1923 - Lindsay Anderson, Bangalore India, director (Thursday's Children)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 6 of 6

Baseball Legend Babe RuthBaseball Legend Babe Ruth (1929) 1929 - Baseball great Babe Ruth (34) marries 2nd wife Claire Merritt Hodgson (31)
1943 - Actress Claire Trevor (34) weds Navy lieutenant Cyclos William Dunsmoore in Tijuana, Mexico
1993 - "The Bangles" lead singer Susanna Hoffs (34) weds "Austin Powers" director Jay Roach (35)
1994 - Jennie Garth weds Dan Clark
2009 - World's no. 1 professional tennis player Andy Roddick (29) weds fashion model and actress Brooklyn Decker (25) in Austin, Texas
2011 - Actress and model Torrey Devitto (26) weds actor Paul Wesley (28) in New York

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 107

326 - Alexander of Alexandria, Patriarch of Alexandria
485 - Proclus, Greek mathematician, dies in Athens [or Apr 14]
617 - Donnán of Eigg, Celtic Christian martyr, patron saint of Eigg
818 - Bernhard I, King of Italy, dies
858 - Benedict III, Italian Pope (855-58), dies
1080 - King Harald III of Denmark (b. 1041)
1272 - Zita/Cita, Italian maid/saint, dies at about 59
1297 - Willem van Afflighem, Flemish poet/abbot St Truiden, dies at about 86
1427 - Jan IV, duke of Brabant/Limburg/wife of Jacoba van Bayern, dies
1539 - George, Duke of Saxony (b. 1471)
1574 - Joachim Camerarius, [Liebhard Kammerer], German philologist, dies
1630 - Christian I, ruler of Anhalt-Bernburg (battle of White Mt), dies
1679 - John van Kessel, Flemish painter, dies at 53
1680 - Kateri Tekakwitha, first American Indian to receive beatification (b. 1656)
1696 - Marie de Rabutin-Chantal, French writer (b. 1626)
1711 - Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1678) dies of smallpox
1713 - David Hollatz, Pomeranian dogmatician (b. 1648)
1714 - Philipp Heinrich Erlebach, composer, dies at 56
1726 - Henriette Amalia, ruler of Nassau-Dietz, dies at 49
1742 - Arvid Horn, Swedish statesman (b. 1664)
1761 - Thomas Bayes, English mathematician
1764 - Johann Mattheson, German composer/musicologist, dies at 82
United States Founding Father Benjamin FranklinUnited States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin (1790) 1790 - Benjamin Franklin, US, US Founding Father, inventor ambassador and writer (Poor Richards Almanac), dies at 84
1799 - Richard Jupp, English architect (b. 1728)
1835 - William Henry Ireland, forger (Shakespearean manuscripts), dies
1837 - Edouard viscount de Walckiers, very wealthy slave trader, dies
1838 - J Schopenhauer, writer, dies at 71
1843 - Samuel Morey, American inventor (b. 1762)
1854 - Gottlob Wiedebein, composer, dies at 74
1863 - Daniel Smith Donelson, Confederate general/cousin of Andrew Jackson, dies at 61
1873 - Semyon Stepanovich Gulak-Artemovsky, composer, dies at 60
1873 - Fyodor Petrovich Tolstoy, Russian artist (b. 1783)
1882 - George Jennings Sanitary engineer (b. 1810)
1890 - John Barnett, composer, dies at 87
1891 - Jules Eugene Abraham Alary, composer, dies at 77
2nd Prime Minister of Canada Alexander Mackenzie2nd Prime Minister of Canada Alexander Mackenzie (1892) 1892 - Alexander Mackenzie, 2nd Prime Minister of Canada, dies of a stroke at 70
1899 - Hans Balatka, composer, dies at 74
1902 - Francis of Assisi of Bourbon, King Consort of Spain (b. 1822)
1915 - Johannes P Kelly, [Kellij], Dutch actor/operetta writer, dies at 60
1930 - Alexander Golovin, Russian painter (b. 1863)
1936 - Charles J M Ruys de Beerenbrouck, Dutch PM (1918-23, 29-33), dies
1937 - Yi Sang, Korean Poet (b. 1910)
1941 - Al Bowlly, British dance band vocalist (b. 1899)
1942 - Jean Perrin, French physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1870)
1944 - J T Hearne, cricketer (took 49 wkts in 12 Tests for England), dies
1945 - Hannie Schaft, "Girl with red hair," executed
1945 - Ion Pillat, Romaniams poet/senator (Umbra timpului), dies
1945 - Walter Model, German fieldmarshal, commits suicide at 54
1946 - John Iddon, cricketer (car accident 5 Tests for Eng 1934-35), dies
1948 - Johan P earl of Limburg Stirum, diplomat, dies at 75
1948 - Percy Sherwell, cricketer (S Afr captain in 13 Tests 1905-11), dies
1954 - Lucreţiu Pătrăşcanu, Romanian communist activist (b. 1900)
1960 - Eddie Cochran, rocker, dies at 21 in a car crash
1962 - Louise Fazenda, dies of cerebral hemorrhage at 66
1967 - Red Allen, American jazz trumpeter (b. 1908)
1968 - Margaret Seddon, dies at 95
1970 - Sergei U S Aleksi, patriarch of Russian-Orthodox church, dies at 92
1971 - Roberto Lupi, composer, dies at 62
1974 - Frank McGee, Today show host, dies of cancer at 52
1974 - Herbert Elwell, US composer (Happy Hypocrite), dies at 75
1974 - Vinnie Taylor, rocker (Canned Heat), dies of a drug overdose
1975 - Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, Indian philosopher (b. 1888)
1976 - Jean-Jacques Gailliard, Belgian painter, dies at 85
1976 - Henrik Dam, Danish biochemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1895)
1977 - Marjorie Gateson, actress (One Man's Family), dies at 86
1977 - William Cardinal Conway, Northern Irish clergyman (b. 1913)
1983 - Felix Pappalardi, rocker (Cream, Mountain), dies
1983 - Mark W Clark, US general (WW II), dies at 87
1983 - Peter Potter, DJ (Peter Potter Show, Juke Box Jury), dies at 78
1984 - Claude Provost, French Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1933)
1985 - Ilona Bodden, writer, dies
1986 - Bessie Head, writer, dies
1987 - Carlton Barrett, Jamaican reggae drummer (No woman no cry), dies at 36
1987 - Dick Shawn, comedian (Producers), dies on stage at 57
1987 - Cecil Harmsworth King, owner of Mirror Group Newspapers (b. 1901)
1988 - Eva Novak, actress (Medicine Man), dies of pneumonia at 90
1988 - Louise Nevelson, sculptor, dies of brain tumor at 88
1989 - Charles Lampkin, dies
1990 - Ralph David Abernathy, US civil rights leader, dies
1991 - Jack Yellen, US poet (Sons o' Fun), dies at 97
1992 - Hank Penny, country music singer, dies at 73 of heart failure
1993 - Turgut Özal, president of Turkey (1989-93), dies at 65
1994 - Peter Hacker, US journalist/actor (NBC, Broadcast News), dies at 69
1995 - A R A (Anton) Murray, cricketer (289 runs & 11 wkts in 10 Tests), dies
1995 - Nancy Mayhew Youngman, artist/educator, dies at 88
1996 - Eva Jones, poet/novelist, dies at 82
1996 - Jose Luis Lopez Aranguren, philosopher, dies at 86
1996 - Michele Carew, daughter of baseball great Rod, dies of Leukemia at 18
1997 - Chaim Herzog, President of Israel (1983-93), dies at 78
1997 - Allan Francovich, American documentarian
1998 - Linda McCartney, American-born photographer and wife of Paul McCartney (b. 1941)
2003 - Robert Atkins, American dietician (b. 1930)
2003 - Paul Getty, American-born philanthropist (b. 1932)
2003 - Earl King, American musician and songwriter (b. 1934)
2003 - Yiannis Latsis, Greek shipping tycoon (b. 1910)
2004 - Edmond Pidoux, Swiss writer (b. 1908)
2004 - Soundarya, Indian actress (b. 1971)
2007 - Kitty Carlisle, American actress and television personality (b. 1910)
2008 - Aimé Césaire, French Martinican poet and politician (b. 1913)
2008 - Danny Federici, organ player for E-Street Band (b. 1950)

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