This Day in History for 20th April

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 212

295 - 8th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet
850 - Guntherus becomes bishop of Cologne
1139 - 2nd Lateran Council (10th ecumenical council) opens in Rome
1505 - Jews are expelled from Orange Burgandy by Philibert of Luxembourg
1551 - John Dudley becomes Earl Marshal of England
1611 - First known performance of Shakespeare's tragedy Macbeth at the Globe Theatre, London recorded by Simon Forman
1650 - Dutch East India Company (VOC) management sets new guidelines
1653 - Cromwell routes English parliament to house
1657 - Battle in Santa Cruz Bay, Tenerife: English fleet under Robert Blake sinks Spanish silver fleet
1689 - The former King James II of England, now deposed, lays siege to Derry.
1702 - Comet C/1702 H1 approaches within 0.0437 AUs of Earth
Playwright William ShakespearePlaywright William Shakespeare 1715 - Nicholas Rowe's "Tragedy of Lady Jane Grey" premieres in London
1736 - French mathematician Pierre Louis Maupertuis begins his expedition to Lapland to measure a degree of latitude and prove the shape of the earth, he is joined by fellow scientists Anders Celsius, Charles Etienne Louis Camus, Alexis Claude Clairaut, and Pierre-Charles Le Monnier
1759 - George Frederic Handel is buried in Westminster Abbey, London
1770 - Captain Cook arrives in New South Wales
1775 - British begin siege of Boston
1777 - New York adopts new constitution as an independent state
Composer George Friedrich HandelComposer George Friedrich Handel 1792 - France declares war on Austria, Prussia & Sardinia
1799 - Friedrich von Schiller's "Wallensteins Tod" premieres in Weimar
1809 - Napoleon I and French forces defeat Austria at Battle of Abensberg, Bavaria
1810 - The Governors of Caracas declares the national sovereignty from Spain.
1828 - René Caillié is first non-Muslim to enter Timbouctou.
1836 - Territory of Wisconsin created
1841 - 1st detective story (Edgar Allen Poe's "Murders in Rue Morgue") published
1861 - Battle of Norfolk, VA
1862 - The first pasteurization test completed by Louis Pasteur and Claude Bernard.
Bacteriologist Louis PasteurBacteriologist Louis Pasteur 1865 - Chicago's Crosby Opera House opens
1871 - 3rd Enforcement Act (President can suspend writ of habeas corpus)
1872 - SF Bar Association organized
1879 - 1st mobile home (horse drawn) used in a journey from London & Cyprus
1884 - Pope Leo XIII encyclical "On Freemasonry"
1888 - 246 reported killed by hail in Moradabad, India
1894 - 136,000 mine workers strike in Ohio for pay increase
1896 - 1st public film showing in US John Philip Sousa's "El Capitan" premieres in NYC
1898 - US Assay Office in Deadwood, South Dakota opens
1902 - Marie & Pierre Curie isolate the radioactive element radium chloride
Composer John Philip SousaComposer John Philip Sousa 1903 - 7th Boston Marathon won by John Lorden of Mass in 2:41:29.8
1904 - George Bernard Shaw's "Candida" premieres in London
1904 - Louisiana Purchase Exposition opens in St Louis
1908 - 12th Boston Marathon won by Tom Morrissey of NY in 2:25:43.2
1908 - Opening day of competition of the New South Wales Rugby League.
1910 - Cleve Indians Addie Joss 2nd no-hitter, beats Chicago, 1-0
1910 - Halley's Comet passes 29th recorded perihelion at 87.9 million km
1912 - Fenway Park officially opens, Red Sox beat NY Highlanders 7-6 in 11
Playwright George Bernard ShawPlaywright George Bernard Shaw 1912 - Tiger Stadium in Detroit opens, Tigers beat Cleve Indians 6-5
1914 - 18th Boston Marathon won by James Duffy of Canada in 2:25:01.2
1914 - 33 killed by soldiers during mine strike in Ludlow, Colo
1914 - US President W Wilson, having dispatched more naval ships to Mexico, asks a joint session of Congress to approve armed force if necessary; Congress approves
1915 - The Armenians rise and seize the Turkish town of Van, which they hold until Russians relieve them on 19 May; thousands of Armenians are killed
1916 - German-British sea battle off Belgian coast
1916 - Weeghman Park (Wrigley Field) in Chicago opens, Cubs beat Cin Reds 7-6
Pilot The Red BaronPilot The Red Baron 1918 - Manfred von Richthofen, aka The Red Baron, shoots down his 79th and 80th victims marking his final victories before his death the following day.
1919 - Polish Army captures Vilno, Lithuania from Soviet Army
1920 - 7th modern Olympic games opens in Antwerp Belgium
1920 - Balfour Declaration recognized, makes Palestine a British Mandate
1920 - Big Show ends 2 year run on NBC radio
1920 - Tornadoes kill 219 in Alabama & Mississippi
1920 - Phillies mgr Gravvy Cravath puts himself in as pinch hitter, his 3- run homer beats NY Giants 3-0
1925 - 29th Boston Marathon won by Charles Mellor of Ill in 2:33:00.6
1926 - 1st check sent by radio facsimile transmission across Atlantic
1931 - 35th Boston Marathon won by Jim Henigan of Mass in 2:46:45.8
1931 - British House of Commons agrees for sports play on Sunday
1934 - Heinrich Himmler becomes inspector Prussian secret state police
1935 - "Your Hit Parade" begins broadcasting (becomes #1 quickly)
1936 - 40th Boston Marathon won by Ellison Brown of RI in 2:33:40.8
1936 - Jews repel an Arab attack in Petach Tikvah Palestine
Baseball Player Ted WilliamsBaseball Player Ted Williams 1939 - Ted Williams' 1st hit (off of Yankee Red Ruffing) a double
1940 - 1st electron microscope demonstrated (RCA), Philadelphia, Pa
1941 - 100 German bombers attack Athens
1941 - Dodgers start to wear liners in their caps
1942 - German occupiers forbids Dutch access to their beach
1942 - Heavy German assault on Malta
1943 - Braves manager Casey Stengel is struck by a taxi, fractures a leg
1944 - Dutch Communist Party resistance fighter John Postma sentence to death
1944 - NFL legalizes coaching from bench
1945 - Cleveland Browns organization formed by Arthur "Mickey" McBride
1945 - German occupiers flood Beemster & Fencer
1945 - Soviet troops enter Berlin
1945 - US 7th army captured German city of Nuremberg
1945 - US forces conquer Motobu peninsula on Okinawa
1946 - 1st baseball broadcast in Chicago, Cards vs Cubs
1946 - 50th Boston Marathon won by Stylianos Kyriakides of Greece in 2:29:27
1947 - Frederik IX becomes king of Denmark
1948 - NYC hikes subway fare from 5 cents to 10 cents
1948 - Walter P Reuther UAW pres shot & wounded at his home in Detroit
1949 - Jockey Bill Shoemaker wins his 1st race, in Albany, California
1950 - Balt's Memorial Stadium opens - Orioles of International League
1951 - US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
1951 - Velsen city council demands investigation of police collaborators
1953 - 57th Boston Marathon won by Keizo Yamada of Japan in 2:18:51
1954 - "Golden Apple" opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 125 performances
1955 - "Saint of Bleecker St" closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 92 perfs
1957 - 61st Boston Marathon won by John J Kelley of Conn in 2:20:05
1957 - Yankee Bill Skowron becomes 3rd player to hit a ball out of Fenway
1958 - Buses replace Key System trains at 3 AM
1958 - Louise Suggs wins LPGA Babe Didrikson-Zaharias Golf Open
1958 - Montreal Canadiens beat Boston Bruins 4 games to 2 for Stanley Cup
1958 - Morocco demands departure of Spanish troops
1959 - 63rd Boston Marathon won by Eino Oksanen of Finland in 2:22:42
1960 - "From A to Z" opens at Plymouth Theater NYC for 21 performances

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 205

702 - Jafar Sadiq, Muslim scholar (d. 765)
1442 - Edward IV, King (England, 1461-83)
1494 - John Agricola, [Schneider], German theologist/prime minister
1586 - Saint Rose of Lima, Peruvian saint (d. 1617)
1592 - John Eliot, St Germans Cornwall, English MP/author
1594 - Matthaus Apelles von Lowenstern, composer
1633 - Emperor Go-Komyo of Japan (d. 1654)
1646 - Charles Plumier, French botanist (d. 1704)
1650 - William Bedloe, English informer (d. 1680)
1668 - Yuri Troubetzkoy, Governor of Belgorod (d. 1739)
1705 - Balthasar Schmid, composer
1718 - David Brainerd, American missionary (d. 1747)
1723 - Cornelius Harnett, American delegate to the Continental Congress (d. 1781)
1725 - Johann Friedrich Kloffler, composer
1726 - Jozef de Ferraris, French/Austrian earl/general/cartographer
1745 - Philippe Pinel, physician, founder of psychiatry
1748 - Georg Michael Telemann, composer
1748 - Guillaume Albert Teniers, composer
1761 - Johann Gottlieb Karl Spazier, composer
1808 - Louis-Napoleon (Napoleon III), emperor of France (1852-71)
1809 - John Smith Preston, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1881
1818 - Heinrich Göbel, German-born inventor (d. 1893)
1824 - Alfred Holt Colquitt, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1894
1826 - Dina M Craik, writer
1827 - John Gibbon, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1896
1839 - Carol I, King of Romania (1881-1914)
1850 - Daniel Chester, French/American sculptor (Minute Man)
1851 - Young Tom Morris, Scottish golfer (d. 1875)
1857 - Charles LP "Philip" Zilcken, painter/author (HW Knife Day)
1857 - Hermann Bang, writer
1858 - Auguste Chapuis, composer
1860 - Charles Gordon Curtis, US attorney/inventor (Curtis Turbine)
1860 - Pieter Jelles Troelstra, Dutch MP (SDAP)
1866 - Victor Hollaender, composer
1870 - Simeon Roncal, composer
1870 - Maulvi Abdul Haq, Father of Urdu, Pakistani scholar (d.1961)
1871 - William Henry Davies, Wales, poet (Autobiography of a Super Tramp)
1876 - Gerard J Arbous, actor/publicist (Prince William of Orange)
1879 - Robert Lynd, Irish writer/critic (Pleasures of Ignorance)
1879 - Paul Poiret, French couturier (d. 1944)
1881 - Nikolai Miaskovsky, Novogeorievsk Poland, composer (Kirov is With Us)
1881 - Sem Dresden, composer/conductor
1882 - Holland Smith, U.S. General (d. 1967)
1884 - Princess Beatrice of Edinburgh and Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (d. 1966)
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf HitlerDictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler (1889) 1889 - Adolf Hitler, Braunau, Austria, Austrian-born German dictator and Führer of Nazi Germany (1936-45)
1889 - Albert Jean Amateau, Turkish-born businessman and social activist (d. 1996)
1890 - Maurice Duplessis, premier of Québec, known as "Le Chef" (d. 1959)
1893 - Harold Lloyd, Burchard Neb, silent comic (Why Worry, Safety Last)
1893 - Hermann Ungar, writer
1893 - Edna Parker, American supercentenarian
1893 - Joan Miró, Spanish painter and sculptor (d. 1983)
1894 - Martinus Nijhoff, poet/interpreter/linguistic (spelling)
1895 - Emile Christian, American musician (d. 1973)
1896 - Senor Wences, ventriloquist (Close the Door)
1896 - Wop May, Canadian aviator (d. 1952)
1897 - Bernard Verhoeven, poet/literature (About the Laugh)
1897 - Gregory Ratoff, Petrograd Russia, actor/director (Corsican Brothers)
1900 - Fred Raymond, composer
1900 - Kees Verwey, painter/water colors painter/cartoonist
1901 - Michel Leiris, French cultural anthropologist
1902 - Donald Wolfit, England, actor (Lawrence of Arabia, Becket, Accursed)
1902 - Vesselin Stoyanov, composer
1903 - Dagmar Edqvist, Swedish author (Kamrathustru-Wife & Comrade)
1904 - Bruce Cabot, Carlsbad NM, actor (Diamonds are Forever, King Kong)
1904 - George Stibitz, American scientist (d. 1995)
1907 - Miran Bux, cricketer (his one season of Test & 1st-class play 1954-55)
1907 - William Dollar, St Louis, ballet dancer/choreographer
1908 - Wilhelmus M Bekkers, bishop of Hertogenbosch
1908 - Lionel Hampton, orchestra leader/vibraphone improviser (Depths Below)
1909 - Guido Alberti, literary patron/businessman
1909 - Richard Stubbs, publicity adviser
1910 - Robert F Wagner, (Mayor-D-NYC, 1954-65) [or May 15]
1911 - Kukrit Pramoj, politician
1912 - David Townsend, cricketer (3 Tests Eng v WI 1935)
1912 - Ed Jones, (Rep-D-TN, 1969- )
1912 - Frederick Craig Riddle, violist
1912 - Soewarsil Djojopoespito, Indonesia, writer (Toe the Line)
1913 - Dick Wessel, WI, actor (Dick Tracy vs Cueball, Beware of Blondie)
1914 - Betty Lou Gerson, American actress (d. 1999)
1915 - Joseph Wolpe, South African-born psychotherapist (d. 1997)
1919 - Richard Hillary, Australian Spitfire pilot and author (d. 1943)
1920 - John Paul Stevens, Illinois, 103rd Supreme Court Justice (1975- )
1920 - Ronald Speirs, WWII Veteran (d. 2007)
1921 - Donald Gunn MacRae, sociologist
1921 - Janine Sutto, French Canadian actress
1923 - Tito Puente, Puerto Rico, bandleader (Dance Mania)
1923 - Mother Angelica, American nun and broadcaster
1924 - Gerhard Samuel, composer
1924 - Nina Foch, Leiden Netherlands, actress (American in Paris)
1924 - Paul M Van Buren, US theologist (Theological Explorations)
1925 - Ernie Stautner, NFL tackle (Steelers)/WLAF head coach (Galaxy)
1925 - Richard Hoffmann, composer
1926 - Harriett Elizabeth Byrd, politician (Wyoming house of Reps)
1927 - Karl Muller, Switzerland, superconductivity physicist (Nobel 1987)
1928 - Johnny Gavin, Irish footballer (d. 2007)
1928 - Gerald S. Hawkins, English astronomer (d. 2003)
1929 - Bob Braun, Ludlow Ky, singer (Dotty Mack Show)
1930 - Alan Oakman, cricketer (England batsman against Australia 1956)
1931 - Lee H Hamilton, Daytona Beach Fla, (Rep-D-Ind, 1965- )
1934 - Lindsay Oliver John Boynton, furniture historian

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 8 of 8

Poet Ezra PoundPoet Ezra Pound (1914) 1914 - Poet and critic Ezra Pound (28) weds Dorothy Shakespear
1968 - The Washington Post reporter Carl Bernstein (24) weds fellow reporter Carol Honsa
2002 - MLB Outfielder Carl Yastrzemski (62) weds Nancy Benson
2002 - MLB player Mark McGwire (38) weds Stephanie Slemer (26) in Las Vegas, Nevada
2007 - Indian film actor and producer Abhishek Bachchan (31) weds actress Aishwarya Rai (33) at the Bachchan residence in Juhu, Mumbai
2008 - "The Game" actress Tia Mowry (29) weds actor Cory Hardrict (32) at the Biltmore Hotel in Santa Barbara, California
2011 - "Hollywood Confidential" radio host Leeza Gibbons (54) weds Steven Fenton (41) at the rooftop of the Montage Hotel in Beverly Hills
MLB First Baseman Mark McGwireMLB First Baseman Mark McGwire (2002) 2013 - "Hart of Dixie" actor Scott Porter (33) weds Kelsey Mayfield in Austin, Texas

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 1 of 1

2006 - Actor-writer Charlie Shanian (39) divorces former Beverly Hills, 90210 actress Tori Spelling (32) only 15 months after their lavish $1-million wedding

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 100

1164 - Victor IV, [Ottaviano Montecello], Italian antipope (1159-64), dies
1176 - Richard de Clare, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, English soldier (b. 1130)
1314 - Clement V, [Bertrand Got], pope (1305-14) move papacy to Avignon, dies
1317 - Agnes van Montepulciano, Italian mystic/saint, dies
1521 - Zhengde, Emperor of China (b. 1491)
1534 - Elizabeth Barton, [St Magd van Kent], British prophet, dies
1558 - Johannes Bugenhagen, German reformer (b. 1485)
1632 - Nicolas Antione, converted to Judiasm, burned at the stake
1643 - Christoph Demantius, composer, dies at 75
1662 - Gerard Terborch, the elder, painter, dies
1695 - Georg Caspar Weckler, composer, dies at 63
1703 - Lancelot Addison, English royal chaplain (b. 1632)
1765 - Abigail Williams, American accuser in the Salem witch trials (b. 1674)
1768 - Giovanni AC Canaletto, Italian painter/cartoonist (Rialto), dies at 70
1769 - Pontiac, indian chief to Ottawa, murdered
1786 - John Goodricke, English deaf & dumb astronomer, dies at 21
1812 - George Clinton, 4th US VP, dies at 73 1st VP to, die in office
1820 - Arthur Young, author (Annals of Agriculture), dies
1821 - Franz K Achard, German physicist/chemist, dies at 67
1831 - John Abernethy, English surgeon (b. 1764)
1836 - Johan I Jozef, monarch of Liechtenstein/fieldmarshal, dies at 75
1839 - Giuseppe Rossini, father of Italian composer Gioacchino Rossini, dies
1869 - Johann Carl Gottfried Loewe, composer, dies at 72
1869 - Piotr Studzinski, composer, dies at 42
1872 - Ljudwit Gaj, Croatian writer/poet (Pjesma iz Zagorja), dies at 62
1873 - William Tite, English architect (b. 1798)
1874 - Alexander H. Bailey, American politician (b. 1817)
1887 - Muhammad Sharif Pasha, Egyptian statesman (b. 1826)
1899 - Joseph Wolf, German artist (b. 1820)
1900 - Mebel Mercer, popular British singer, dies
1906 - Australian wombat; oldest known marsupial, dies in London Zoo at 26
1908 - Henry Chadwick, sports reporter (baseball), dies at 85
Novelist Bram StokerNovelist Bram Stoker (1912) 1912 - Bram Stoker, Irish theater manager/writer (Dracula), dies at 64
1918 - Reginald Harry Mybirgh Hands, cricketer (1 Test for SA), dies
1932 - Giuseppe Peano, mathematician, dies
1935 - Juliaan de Vriendt, Flemish painter, dies at 92
1941 - Barend ter Haar, Dutch lawyer, dies in Buchenwald at 49
1947 - Christian X, king of Denmark (1912-47), dies at 76
1951 - Ivanoe Bonomi, Prime Minister of Italy (b. 1873)
1953 - Erich Weinert, writer, dies at 62
1956 - Jaap Vranken, organist/composer (Stabat mater), dies
1956 - Lieven Duvosel, Flemish music composer (Levensschets), dies at 78
1962 - Arthur Harmat, composer, dies at 76
1962 - Jesse G Vincent, engineer designed 1st V-12 engine, dies at 82
1964 - Eddie Dyer, baseball player (b. 1899)
1965 - Dick Wessel, dies of heart attack on 52nd birthday
1968 - Marion Weeks, singer/actress, dies of stroke at 81
1971 - Cecil Parker, actor (Court Jester, Operation Snafu), dies at 73
1973 - Robert Armstrong, actor (Fall Guy, Exposed), dies at 82
1974 - Mohammed Ayub Khan, premier/president (Pakistan), dies
1977 - Bryan Foy, director/writer, dies at 80
1977 - Len Johnson, cricketer (one Test for Australia, 3-66 & 3-8), dies
1977 - Sepp Herberger, German football coach (b. 1897)
1979 - Peter Donald, host (Masquerade Party), dies at 60
1982 - Andrew Sandham, cricketer (325 Eng 1930, 879 runs in 14 Tests), dies
1982 - Archibald MacLeish, US, lawyer/writer (Conquistador), dies at 89
1982 - Mimi Boesnach, actress (Wedding of Kloris & Roses), dies at 82
1983 - Jerzy Andrezjewski, writer, dies
1984 - Mabel Mercer, English/US singer (Fly me to the moon), dies at 84
1984 - Hristo Prodanov, Bulgarian mountaineer (b. 1943)
1986 - Sibte Hassan, Pakistani activist, journalist and writer (b. 1916)
1987 - Antony Tudor, dancer/choreographer (Amer Ballet Theater) dies at 78
1990 - Horst Sinderman, RDA 1st minister (1973-76), dies
1991 - Don[ald] Siegel, US director (Coogan's Bluff/Dirty Harry), dies at 78
1991 - Jumjaagiyn Tsedenbal, Mongolian politician, dies
1991 - Sean O'Faolain, [J Whelan], Irish writer (Nest of Simple), dies at 91
1991 - Steve Marriott, English guitarist (Small Faces), dies in a fire at 44
1991 - Yumzhagin Tsendenbal, PM of Mongolia (1952-74), dies
1992 - Benny Hill, comedian (Benny Hill Show), dies of a heart attack at 67
1992 - Johnny Shines, Delta blues singer/guitarist, dies at 76
1993 - Cantinflas, [Mario Moreno], Mexican actor (Pepe), dies at 81
1994 - Jean Carmet, French actor (Merci la Vie, Le Sucre), dies at 72
1995 - Milovan Djilas, Yugoslavian politician (1945-54), dies
1995 - R E S Wyatt, cricketer (England capt 16 times), dies
1995 - Sunil Jayasinghe, Sri Lankan wicketkeeper (1979 World Cup), suicide
1995 - Tessie O'Shea, entertainer, dies at 81
1996 - Cecilia Grace Hunt Reeves Gillie, bBC Executive, dies at 88
1996 - Christopher Robin Milne, bookseller, dies at 75
1996 - Tran Van Tra, soldier, dies at 77
1999 - Victims and shooters of the Columbine High School massacre
1999 - Rick Rude, American professional wrestler (b. 1958)
1999 - Señor Wences, Spanish ventriloquist and comedian (b. 1896)
2001 - Giuseppe Sinopoli, Italian conductor and composer (b. 1946)
2002 - Alan Dale, American singer (b. 1925)
2003 - Ruth Hale, American playwright and actress (b. 1908)
2003 - Daijiro Kato, Japanese motorcycle racer (b. 1976)
2003 - Bernard Katz, German-born biophysicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1911)
2005 - Fumio Niwa, Japanese novelist (b. 1904)
2005 - Zygfryd Blaut, Polish football player (b. 1943)
2006 - Anna Svidersky (b. 1988)
2007 - Andrew Hill, American jazz composer and pianist (b. 1931)
2007 - Michael Fu Tieshan, Chinese bishop (b. 1931).
2008 - VL Mike, American Rapper (b. 1976)
2008 - Monica Lovinescu, Romanian essayist, literary critic and journalist (b. 1923)
Civil Rights and Women's Rights Activist Dorothy HeightCivil Rights and Women's Rights Activist Dorothy Height (2010) 2010 - Dorothy Height, American civil rights activist, dies at 98
2011 - Tim Hetherington, British-American photojournalist (b. 1970)
2011 - Chris Hondros, American photographer (b. 1970)
2013 - Howard Phillips, American politician, dies from dementia and Alzheimer's disease at 72
2013 - Nosher Powell, English actor and boxer, dies at 84
2014 - Rubin "Hurricane" Carter, American boxer whose murder convictions were overturned after 19 years in prison, dies of prostate cancer at 76

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