This Day in History for 20th April

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 206

295 - 8th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet
850 - Guntherus becomes bishop of Cologne
1139 - 2nd Lateran Council (10th ecumenical council) opens in Rome
1505 - Jews are expelled from Orange Burgandy by Philibert of Luxembourg
1551 - John Dudley becomes Earl Marshal of England
1650 - Dutch East India Company (VOC) management sets new guidelines
1653 - Cromwell routes English parliament to house
1657 - Battle in Santa Cruz Bay, Tenerife: English fleet under Robert Blake sinks Spanish silver fleet
1689 - The former King James II of England, now deposed, lays siege to Derry.
1702 - Comet C/1702 H1 approaches within 0.0437 AUs of Earth
1715 - Nicholas Rowe's "Tragedy of Lady Jane Grey" premieres in London
1759 - George Frederic Handel is buried in Westminster Abbey, London
Composer George Friedrich HandelComposer George Friedrich Handel 1770 - Captain Cook arrives in New South Wales
1775 - British begin siege of Boston
1777 - New York adopts new constitution as an independent state
1792 - France declares war on Austria, Prussia & Sardinia
1799 - Friedrich von Schiller's "Wallensteins Tod" premieres in Weimar
1809 - Napoleon I and French forces defeat Austria at Battle of Abensberg, Bavaria
1810 - The Governors of Caracas declares the national sovereignty from Spain.
1828 - René Caillié is first non-Muslim to enter Timbouctou.
1836 - Territory of Wisconsin created
1841 - 1st detective story (Edgar Allen Poe's "Murders in Rue Morgue") published
French Emperor Napoleon BonaparteFrench Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte 1861 - Battle of Norfolk, VA
1861 - Colonel Robert E. Lee resigns from Union army
1862 - The first pasteurization test completed by Louis Pasteur and Claude Bernard.
1865 - Chicago's Crosby Opera House opens
1871 - 3rd Enforcement Act (President can suspend writ of habeas corpus)
1872 - SF Bar Association organized
1879 - 1st mobile home (horse drawn) used in a journey from London & Cyprus
1884 - Pope Leo XIII encyclical "On Freemasonry"
1888 - 246 reported killed by hail in Moradabad, India
1894 - 136,000 mine workers strike in Ohio for pay increase
1896 - 1st public film showing in US John Philip Sousa's "El Capitan" premieres in NYC
Composer John Philip SousaComposer John Philip Sousa 1898 - US Assay Office in Deadwood, South Dakota opens
1902 - Marie & Pierre Curie isolate the radioactive element radium chloride
1903 - 7th Boston Marathon won by John Lorden of Mass in 2:41:29.8
1904 - George Bernard Shaw's "Candida" premieres in London
1904 - Louisiana Purchase Exposition opens in St Louis
1908 - 12th Boston Marathon won by Tom Morrissey of NY in 2:25:43.2
1908 - Opening day of competition of the New South Wales Rugby League.
1910 - Cleve Indians Addie Joss 2nd no-hitter, beats Chicago, 1-0
Playwright George Bernard ShawPlaywright George Bernard Shaw 1910 - Halley's Comet passes 29th recorded perihelion at 87.9 million km
1912 - Fenway Park officially opens, Red Sox beat NY Highlanders 7-6 in 11
1912 - Tiger Stadium in Detroit opens, Tigers beat Cleve Indians 6-5
1914 - 18th Boston Marathon won by James Duffy of Canada in 2:25:01.2
1914 - 33 killed by soldiers during mine strike in Ludlow, Colo
1916 - German-British sea battle off Belgian coast
1916 - Weeghman Park (Wrigley Field) in Chicago opens, Cubs beat Cin Reds 7-6
Pilot The Red BaronPilot The Red Baron 1918 - Manfred von Richthofen, aka The Red Baron, shoots down his 79th and 80th victims marking his final victories before his death the following day.
1919 - Polish Army captures Vilno, Lithuania from Soviet Army
1920 - 7th modern Olympic games opens in Antwerp Belgium
1920 - Balfour Declaration recognized, makes Palestine a British Mandate
1920 - Big Show ends 2 year run on NBC radio
1920 - Tornadoes kill 219 in Alabama & Mississippi
1920 - Phillies mgr Gravvy Cravath puts himself in as pinch hitter, his 3- run homer beats NY Giants 3-0
1925 - 29th Boston Marathon won by Charles Mellor of Ill in 2:33:00.6
1926 - 1st check sent by radio facsimile transmission across Atlantic
1931 - 35th Boston Marathon won by Jim Henigan of Mass in 2:46:45.8
1931 - British House of Commons agrees for sports play on Sunday
1934 - Heinrich Himmler becomes inspector Prussian secret state police
1935 - "Your Hit Parade" begins broadcasting (becomes #1 quickly)
1936 - 40th Boston Marathon won by Ellison Brown of RI in 2:33:40.8
1936 - Jews repel an Arab attack in Petach Tikvah Palestine
Baseball Player Ted WilliamsBaseball Player Ted Williams 1939 - Ted Williams' 1st hit (off of Yankee Red Ruffing) a double
1940 - 1st electron microscope demonstrated (RCA), Philadelphia, Pa
1941 - 100 German bombers attack Athens
1941 - Dodgers start to wear liners in their caps
1942 - German occupiers forbids Dutch access to their beach
1942 - Heavy German assault on Malta
1943 - Braves manager Casey Stengel is struck by a taxi, fractures a leg
1944 - Dutch Communist Party resistance fighter John Postma sentence to death
1944 - NFL legalizes coaching from bench
1945 - Cleveland Browns organization formed by Arthur "Mickey" McBride
1945 - German occupiers flood Beemster & Fencer
1945 - Soviet troops enter Berlin
1945 - US 7th army captured German city of Nuremberg
1945 - US forces conquer Motobu peninsula on Okinawa
1946 - 1st baseball broadcast in Chicago, Cards vs Cubs
1946 - 50th Boston Marathon won by Stylianos Kyriakides of Greece in 2:29:27
1947 - Frederik IX becomes king of Denmark
1948 - NYC hikes subway fare from 5 cents to 10 cents
1948 - Walter P Reuther UAW pres shot & wounded at his home in Detroit
1949 - Jockey Bill Shoemaker wins his 1st race, in Albany, California
1950 - Balt's Memorial Stadium opens - Orioles of International League
1951 - US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
1951 - Velsen city council demands investigation of police collaborators
1953 - 57th Boston Marathon won by Keizo Yamada of Japan in 2:18:51
1954 - "Golden Apple" opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 125 performances
1955 - "Saint of Bleecker St" closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 92 perfs
1957 - 61st Boston Marathon won by John J Kelley of Conn in 2:20:05
1957 - Yankee Bill Skowron becomes 3rd player to hit a ball out of Fenway
1958 - Buses replace Key System trains at 3 AM
1958 - Louise Suggs wins LPGA Babe Didrikson-Zaharias Golf Open
1958 - Montreal Canadiens beat Boston Bruins 4 games to 2 for Stanley Cup
1958 - Morocco demands departure of Spanish troops
1959 - 63rd Boston Marathon won by Eino Oksanen of Finland in 2:22:42
1960 - "From A to Z" opens at Plymouth Theater NYC for 21 performances
1961 - American Harold Graham makes 1st rocket belt flight
1962 - NASA civilian pilot Neil A Armstrong takes X-15 to 63,250 m
1962 - New Orleans Citizens Co gives free 1-way ride to blacks to move North

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 205

702 - Jafar Sadiq, Muslim scholar (d. 765)
1442 - Edward IV, King (England, 1461-83)
1494 - John Agricola, [Schneider], German theologist/prime minister
1586 - Saint Rose of Lima, Peruvian saint (d. 1617)
1592 - John Eliot, St Germans Cornwall, English MP/author
1594 - Matthaus Apelles von Lowenstern, composer
1633 - Emperor Go-Komyo of Japan (d. 1654)
1646 - Charles Plumier, French botanist (d. 1704)
1650 - William Bedloe, English informer (d. 1680)
1668 - Yuri Troubetzkoy, Governor of Belgorod (d. 1739)
1705 - Balthasar Schmid, composer
1718 - David Brainerd, American missionary (d. 1747)
1723 - Cornelius Harnett, American delegate to the Continental Congress (d. 1781)
1725 - Johann Friedrich Kloffler, composer
1726 - Jozef de Ferraris, French/Austrian earl/general/cartographer
1745 - Philippe Pinel, physician, founder of psychiatry
1748 - Georg Michael Telemann, composer
1748 - Guillaume Albert Teniers, composer
1761 - Johann Gottlieb Karl Spazier, composer
1808 - Louis-Napoleon (Napoleon III), emperor of France (1852-71)
1809 - John Smith Preston, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1881
1818 - Heinrich Göbel, German-born inventor (d. 1893)
1824 - Alfred Holt Colquitt, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1894
1826 - Dina M Craik, writer
1827 - John Gibbon, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1896
1839 - Carol I, King of Romania (1881-1914)
1850 - Daniel Chester, French/American sculptor (Minute Man)
1851 - Young Tom Morris, Scottish golfer (d. 1875)
1857 - Charles LP "Philip" Zilcken, painter/author (HW Knife Day)
1857 - Hermann Bang, writer
1858 - Auguste Chapuis, composer
1860 - Charles Gordon Curtis, US attorney/inventor (Curtis Turbine)
1860 - Pieter Jelles Troelstra, Dutch MP (SDAP)
1866 - Victor Hollaender, composer
1870 - Simeon Roncal, composer
1870 - Maulvi Abdul Haq, Father of Urdu, Pakistani scholar (d.1961)
1871 - William Henry Davies, Wales, poet (Autobiography of a Super Tramp)
1876 - Gerard J Arbous, actor/publicist (Prince William of Orange)
1879 - Robert Lynd, Irish writer/critic (Pleasures of Ignorance)
1879 - Paul Poiret, French couturier (d. 1944)
1881 - Nikolai Miaskovsky, Novogeorievsk Poland, composer (Kirov is With Us)
1881 - Sem Dresden, composer/conductor
1882 - Holland Smith, U.S. General (d. 1967)
1884 - Princess Beatrice of Edinburgh and Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (d. 1966)
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf HitlerDictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler (1889) 1889 - Adolf Hitler, Braunau, Austria, Austrian-born German dictator and Führer of Nazi Germany (1936-45)
1889 - Albert Jean Amateau, Turkish-born businessman and social activist (d. 1996)
1890 - Maurice Duplessis, premier of Québec, known as "Le Chef" (d. 1959)
1893 - Harold Lloyd, Burchard Neb, silent comic (Why Worry, Safety Last)
1893 - Hermann Ungar, writer
1893 - Edna Parker, American supercentenarian
1893 - Joan Miró, Spanish painter and sculptor (d. 1983)
1894 - Martinus Nijhoff, poet/interpreter/linguistic (spelling)
1895 - Emile Christian, American musician (d. 1973)
1896 - Senor Wences, ventriloquist (Close the Door)
1896 - Wop May, Canadian aviator (d. 1952)
1897 - Bernard Verhoeven, poet/literature (About the Laugh)
1897 - Gregory Ratoff, Petrograd Russia, actor/director (Corsican Brothers)
1900 - Fred Raymond, composer
1900 - Kees Verwey, painter/water colors painter/cartoonist
1901 - Michel Leiris, French cultural anthropologist
1902 - Donald Wolfit, England, actor (Lawrence of Arabia, Becket, Accursed)
1902 - Vesselin Stoyanov, composer
1903 - Dagmar Edqvist, Swedish author (Kamrathustru-Wife & Comrade)
1904 - Bruce Cabot, Carlsbad NM, actor (Diamonds are Forever, King Kong)
1904 - George Stibitz, American scientist (d. 1995)
1907 - Miran Bux, cricketer (his one season of Test & 1st-class play 1954-55)
1907 - William Dollar, St Louis, ballet dancer/choreographer
1908 - Wilhelmus M Bekkers, bishop of Hertogenbosch
1908 - Lionel Hampton, orchestra leader/vibraphone improviser (Depths Below)
1909 - Guido Alberti, literary patron/businessman
1909 - Richard Stubbs, publicity adviser
1910 - Robert F Wagner, (Mayor-D-NYC, 1954-65) [or May 15]
1911 - Kukrit Pramoj, politician
1912 - David Townsend, cricketer (3 Tests Eng v WI 1935)
1912 - Ed Jones, (Rep-D-TN, 1969- )
1912 - Frederick Craig Riddle, violist
1912 - Soewarsil Djojopoespito, Indonesia, writer (Toe the Line)
1913 - Dick Wessel, WI, actor (Dick Tracy vs Cueball, Beware of Blondie)
1914 - Betty Lou Gerson, American actress (d. 1999)
1915 - Joseph Wolpe, South African-born psychotherapist (d. 1997)
1919 - Richard Hillary, Australian Spitfire pilot and author (d. 1943)
1920 - John Paul Stevens, Illinois, 103rd Supreme Court Justice (1975- )
1920 - Ronald Speirs, WWII Veteran (d. 2007)
1921 - Donald Gunn MacRae, sociologist
1921 - Janine Sutto, French Canadian actress
1923 - Tito Puente, Puerto Rico, bandleader (Dance Mania)
1923 - Mother Angelica, American nun and broadcaster
1924 - Gerhard Samuel, composer
1924 - Nina Foch, Leiden Netherlands, actress (American in Paris)
1924 - Paul M Van Buren, US theologist (Theological Explorations)
1925 - Ernie Stautner, NFL tackle (Steelers)/WLAF head coach (Galaxy)
1925 - Richard Hoffmann, composer
1926 - Harriett Elizabeth Byrd, politician (Wyoming house of Reps)
1927 - Karl Muller, Switzerland, superconductivity physicist (Nobel 1987)
1928 - Johnny Gavin, Irish footballer (d. 2007)
1928 - Gerald S. Hawkins, English astronomer (d. 2003)
1929 - Bob Braun, Ludlow Ky, singer (Dotty Mack Show)
1930 - Alan Oakman, cricketer (England batsman against Australia 1956)
1931 - Lee H Hamilton, Daytona Beach Fla, (Rep-D-Ind, 1965- )
1934 - Lindsay Oliver John Boynton, furniture historian

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 5 of 5

Poet Ezra PoundPoet Ezra Pound (1914) 1914 - Poet and critic Ezra Pound (28) weds Dorothy Shakespear
1968 - The Washington Post reporter Carl Bernstein (24) weds fellow reporter Carol Honsa
2007 - Indian film actor and producer Abhishek Bachchan (31) weds actress Aishwarya Rai (33) at the Bachchan residence in Juhu, Mumbai
2008 - "The Game" actress Tia Mowry (29) weds actor Cory Hardrict (32) at the Biltmore Hotel in Santa Barbara, California
2011 - "Hollywood Confidential" radio host Leeza Gibbons (54) weds Steven Fenton (41) at the rooftop of the Montage Hotel in Beverly Hills

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 1 of 1

2006 - Actor-writer Charlie Shanian (39) divorces former Beverly Hills, 90210 actress Tori Spelling (32) only 15 months after their lavish $1-million wedding

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 100

1164 - Victor IV, [Ottaviano Montecello], Italian antipope (1159-64), dies
1176 - Richard de Clare, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, English soldier (b. 1130)
1314 - Clement V, [Bertrand Got], pope (1305-14) move papacy to Avignon, dies
1317 - Agnes van Montepulciano, Italian mystic/saint, dies
1521 - Zhengde, Emperor of China (b. 1491)
1534 - Elizabeth Barton, [St Magd van Kent], British prophet, dies
1558 - Johannes Bugenhagen, German reformer (b. 1485)
1632 - Nicolas Antione, converted to Judiasm, burned at the stake
1643 - Christoph Demantius, composer, dies at 75
1662 - Gerard Terborch, the elder, painter, dies
1695 - Georg Caspar Weckler, composer, dies at 63
1703 - Lancelot Addison, English royal chaplain (b. 1632)
1765 - Abigail Williams, American accuser in the Salem witch trials (b. 1674)
1768 - Giovanni AC Canaletto, Italian painter/cartoonist (Rialto), dies at 70
1769 - Pontiac, indian chief to Ottawa, murdered
1786 - John Goodricke, English deaf & dumb astronomer, dies at 21
1812 - George Clinton, 4th US VP, dies at 73 1st VP to, die in office
1820 - Arthur Young, author (Annals of Agriculture), dies
1821 - Franz K Achard, German physicist/chemist, dies at 67
1831 - John Abernethy, English surgeon (b. 1764)
1836 - Johan I Jozef, monarch of Liechtenstein/fieldmarshal, dies at 75
1839 - Giuseppe Rossini, father of Italian composer Gioacchino Rossini, dies
1869 - Johann Carl Gottfried Loewe, composer, dies at 72
1869 - Piotr Studzinski, composer, dies at 42
1872 - Ljudwit Gaj, Croatian writer/poet (Pjesma iz Zagorja), dies at 62
1873 - William Tite, English architect (b. 1798)
1874 - Alexander H. Bailey, American politician (b. 1817)
1887 - Muhammad Sharif Pasha, Egyptian statesman (b. 1826)
1899 - Joseph Wolf, German artist (b. 1820)
1900 - Mebel Mercer, popular British singer, dies
1906 - Australian wombat; oldest known marsupial, dies in London Zoo at 26
1908 - Henry Chadwick, sports reporter (baseball), dies at 85
Novelist Bram StokerNovelist Bram Stoker (1912) 1912 - Bram Stoker, Irish theater manager/writer (Dracula), dies at 64
1918 - Reginald Harry Mybirgh Hands, cricketer (1 Test for SA), dies
1932 - Giuseppe Peano, mathematician, dies
1935 - Juliaan de Vriendt, Flemish painter, dies at 92
1941 - Barend ter Haar, Dutch lawyer, dies in Buchenwald at 49
1947 - Christian X, king of Denmark (1912-47), dies at 76
1951 - Ivanoe Bonomi, Prime Minister of Italy (b. 1873)
1953 - Erich Weinert, writer, dies at 62
1956 - Jaap Vranken, organist/composer (Stabat mater), dies
1956 - Lieven Duvosel, Flemish music composer (Levensschets), dies at 78
1962 - Arthur Harmat, composer, dies at 76
1962 - Jesse G Vincent, engineer designed 1st V-12 engine, dies at 82
1964 - Eddie Dyer, baseball player (b. 1899)
1965 - Dick Wessel, dies of heart attack on 52nd birthday
1968 - Marion Weeks, singer/actress, dies of stroke at 81
1971 - Cecil Parker, actor (Court Jester, Operation Snafu), dies at 73
1973 - Robert Armstrong, actor (Fall Guy, Exposed), dies at 82
1974 - Mohammed Ayub Khan, premier/president (Pakistan), dies
1977 - Bryan Foy, director/writer, dies at 80
1977 - Len Johnson, cricketer (one Test for Australia, 3-66 & 3-8), dies
1977 - Sepp Herberger, German football coach (b. 1897)
1979 - Peter Donald, host (Masquerade Party), dies at 60
1982 - Andrew Sandham, cricketer (325 Eng 1930, 879 runs in 14 Tests), dies
1982 - Archibald MacLeish, US, lawyer/writer (Conquistador), dies at 89
1982 - Mimi Boesnach, actress (Wedding of Kloris & Roses), dies at 82
1983 - Jerzy Andrezjewski, writer, dies
1984 - Mabel Mercer, English/US singer (Fly me to the moon), dies at 84
1984 - Hristo Prodanov, Bulgarian mountaineer (b. 1943)
1986 - Sibte Hassan, Pakistani activist, journalist and writer (b. 1916)
1987 - Antony Tudor, dancer/choreographer (Amer Ballet Theater) dies at 78
1990 - Horst Sinderman, RDA 1st minister (1973-76), dies
1991 - Don[ald] Siegel, US director (Coogan's Bluff/Dirty Harry), dies at 78
1991 - Jumjaagiyn Tsedenbal, Mongolian politician, dies
1991 - Sean O'Faolain, [J Whelan], Irish writer (Nest of Simple), dies at 91
1991 - Steve Marriott, English guitarist (Small Faces), dies in a fire at 44
1991 - Yumzhagin Tsendenbal, PM of Mongolia (1952-74), dies
1992 - Benny Hill, comedian (Benny Hill Show), dies of a heart attack at 67
1992 - Johnny Shines, Delta blues singer/guitarist, dies at 76
1993 - Cantinflas, [Mario Moreno], Mexican actor (Pepe), dies at 81
1994 - Jean Carmet, French actor (Merci la Vie, Le Sucre), dies at 72
1995 - Milovan Djilas, Yugoslavian politician (1945-54), dies
1995 - R E S Wyatt, cricketer (England capt 16 times), dies
1995 - Sunil Jayasinghe, Sri Lankan wicketkeeper (1979 World Cup), suicide
1995 - Tessie O'Shea, entertainer, dies at 81
1996 - Cecilia Grace Hunt Reeves Gillie, bBC Executive, dies at 88
1996 - Christopher Robin Milne, bookseller, dies at 75
1996 - Tran Van Tra, soldier, dies at 77
1999 - Victims and shooters of the Columbine High School massacre
1999 - Rick Rude, American professional wrestler (b. 1958)
1999 - Señor Wences, Spanish ventriloquist and comedian (b. 1896)
2001 - Giuseppe Sinopoli, Italian conductor and composer (b. 1946)
2002 - Alan Dale, American singer (b. 1925)
2003 - Ruth Hale, American playwright and actress (b. 1908)
2003 - Daijiro Kato, Japanese motorcycle racer (b. 1976)
2003 - Bernard Katz, German-born biophysicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1911)
2005 - Fumio Niwa, Japanese novelist (b. 1904)
2005 - Zygfryd Blaut, Polish football player (b. 1943)
2006 - Anna Svidersky (b. 1988)
2007 - Andrew Hill, American jazz composer and pianist (b. 1931)
2007 - Michael Fu Tieshan, Chinese bishop (b. 1931).
2008 - VL Mike, American Rapper (b. 1976)
2008 - Monica Lovinescu, Romanian essayist, literary critic and journalist (b. 1923)
Civil Rights and Women's Rights Activist Dorothy HeightCivil Rights and Women's Rights Activist Dorothy Height (2010) 2010 - Dorothy Height, American civil rights activist (b. 1912)
2011 - Tim Hetherington, British-American photojournalist (b. 1970)
2011 - Chris Hondros, American photographer (b. 1970)
2013 - Howard Phillips, American politician, dies from dementia and Alzheimer's disease at 72
2013 - Nosher Powell, English actor and boxer, dies at 84
2014 - Rubin "Hurricane" Carter, American boxer whose murder convictions were overturned after 19 years in prison, dies of prostate cancer at 76

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