This Day in History for 27th April

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 174

1124 - David I becomes King of Scots.
1296 - Battle of Dunbar: The Scots are defeated by Edward I of England.
1509 - Pope Julius II excommunicates Italian state of Venice
1518 - Treaty of St Truiden: anti-French Trapdoors/Bourgondisch covenant
1522 - Battle at Bicacca: Charles I & Pope Adrianus VI beat France
1526 - Mogol King Babur beats sultan of Delhi
1539 - Re-founding of the city of Bogotá, New Granada (nowadays Colombia), by Nikolaus Federmann and Sebastián de Belalcázar.
1565 - 1st Spanish settlement in Philippines, Cebu City, forms
1576 - Peace of Beaulieu & Paix de Monsieur
1578 - Duel of the Mignons claims the lives of two favorites of Henry III of France and two favorites of Henry I, Duke of Guise.
1643 - Tirso de Molina's "Bellaco Sois, Gomez," premieres in Madrid
King Charles IKing Charles I 1646 - King Charles I flees Oxford
1650 - The Battle of Carbisdale: Royalist army under Marquess of Montrose invades mainland Scotland from Orkney; defeated by a Covenanter army.
1662 - Netherlands & France sign military covenant
1667 - The blind and impoverished, John Milton sells the copyright of Paradise Lost for £10.
1694 - Frederik August I "the Strong" becomes monarch of Saksen
1749 - First performance of Handel's Fireworks Music in Green Park, London.
1773 - British Parliament passes Tea Act (Boston won't like this)
Composer George Friedrich HandelComposer George Friedrich Handel 1805 - US Marines attack shores of Tripoli
1810 - Beethoven composes his famous piano piece, Für Elise.
1813 - Americans under Gen Pike capture Toronto; Pike is killed
1828 - Zoological Gardens at Regent's Park London, opens
1838 - Fire destroys half of Charleston
1840 - Foundation stone for new Palace of Westminster, London, laid by wife of Sir Charles Barry.
1841 - Imakita Kosen, 1st Zen teacher of D.T. Suzuki, found the awakening
1857 - Establishment of Jewish congregations in Lower Austria prohibited
1859 - "Pomona" sinks in North Atlantic drowning all 400 aboard
Confederate General Stonewall JacksonConfederate General Stonewall Jackson 1860 - Thomas Jackson is assigned to command Harpers Ferry
1861 - President Abe Lincoln suspends writ of habeas corpus
1861 - West Virginia secedes from Virginia after Virginia secedes from US
1863 - Battle of Streight's raid: Tuscumbia to Cedar Bluff, AL
1865 - Cornell University (Ithaca NY) is chartered
1865 - Steamboat "SS Sultana" explodes in the Mississippi River, killing up to 1,800 of the 2,427 passengers in the greatest maritime disaster in United States history. Most were paroled Union POWs on their way home.
1867 - Opera "Romeo et Juliette" is produced (Paris)
1870 - Heinrich Schliemann discovers Troi
1874 - White League, Paramilitary white supremacist organization, forms
1877 - Opera "Le Roi de Lahore" is produced (Paris)
1877 - President Hayes removes Federal troops from LA, Reconstruction ends
1881 - Pogroms against Russian Jews start in Elisabethgrad
1890 - French troops under Capt Archinard occupy Oussebougou West Sudan
1897 - Grant's Tomb (famed of song & legend) dedicated
1903 - 1st Highlander (Yankee) shut-out, Phila A's win 6-0
1903 - Long Island's Jamaica Race Track opens
1904 - The Australian Labor Party becomes the first such party to gain national government, under Chris Watson.
1905 - World Exposition opens in Luik
1908 - 4th modern Olympic games opens in London
1909 - Sultan of Turkey Abdul Hamid II is overthrown
1910 - Belgian parliament rejects socialist motion for general voting rights
1911 - Following the resignation and death of William P. Frye, a compromise is reached to rotate the office of President pro tempore (for the time being) of the United States Senate.
1912 - Relief laws replaces those of 1854, in Netherlands
1914 - Honduras becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
1918 - Giants' 9-0 winning start & Dodgers' 0-9 losing streak are stopped
1920 - Pogrom leader Petljoera declares Ukraine Independence
1921 - Hadjememaar, [Corn de Gelder] elected in Amsterdam
1922 - Fritz Langs "Dr Mabuse, der Spieler" premieres in Berlin
1922 - Yakut ASSR formed in Russian SFSR
1924 - Antwerp soccer tie Belgium-Netherlands 1-1
1926 - In the Giants' 9-8 win over Phillies, Mel Ott, 17, 1st appearance
1927 - Carabineros de Chile (Chilean national police force and gendarmery) are created.
1931 - 100°F (38°C), Pahala, Hawaii (state record)
1933 - Karl Jansky reports reception of cosmic radio signal in Wash DC
1933 - Jessop & Son department store in Nottingham, England, acquired by John Lewis Partnership. The partnership's first shop outside London.
1935 - Brussel's World Expo opens
1935 - Yanks pull a 1st inning triple-play & beat Phila A's 9-8
1937 - 1st US social security payment made
1940 - Himmler orders establishment of Auschwitz Concentration Camp
1941 - German troops occupy Athens Greece
1942 - Belgium Jews are forced to wear stars
1942 - Tornado destroys Pryor Oklahoma killing 100, injuring 300
1943 - Lou Jansen & Jan Dieters arrested, lead illegal CPN party in Holland
1943 - Soviet Union breaks contact with Polish government exiled in London
1944 - Boston Brave Jim Tobin no-hits Bkln Dodgers, 2-0
1945 - 2nd Republic of Austria forms
Italian Dictator Benito MussoliniItalian Dictator Benito Mussolini 1945 - Italian partisans capture Benito Mussolini prisoner
1945 - US 5th army enters Genua
1945 - World War II: The Völkischer Beobachter, the newspaper of the Nazi Party, ceases publication.
1946 - 1st radar installation aboard a coml ship installed
1947 - Babe Ruth Day celebrated at Yankee Stadium & through out US
1948 - Arab legion attacks Gesher bridge on Jordan River
1950 - "Tickets, Please" opens at Coronet Theater NYC for 245 performances
1950 - South Africa passes Group Areas Act segregating races
1951 - Mohammed Mossadeq chosen premier of Persia
1952 - "4 Saints in 3 Acts" closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 15 perfs
Baseball Great Babe RuthBaseball Great Babe Ruth 1953 - 1st general elections in British Guyana, won by Jagans PPP
1953 - Wrestler Freddie Blassie coins term "Pencil neck geek"
1956 - Burma Premier U Nu's Volksliga voor Vrijheid loses election
1956 - Heavyweight champ, Rocky Marciano, retires undefeated from boxing
1959 - "Today" show goes abroard 1st time (Paris France)
1959 - Liu Sjau-chi elected president of China People's Republic
1959 - The last Canadian missionary leaves the People's Republic of China.
1960 - 1st atomic powered electric-drive submarine launched (Tullibee)
First President of South Korea Syngman RheeFirst President of South Korea Syngman Rhee 1960 - South Korean President Syngman Rhee resigns
1960 - Togo (formerly French Togo) declares independence from French adm
1961 - NASA launches Explorer 11 into Earth orbit to study gamma rays
1961 - NFL officially recognizes Hall of Fame in Canton, Ohio
1961 - Sierra Leone declares independence from UK
1962 - Arnold Wesker's "Chips with Everything" premieres in London
1962 - US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island
1963 - "Jopie" Pengel forms government in Suriname
1963 - Cuban premier Fidel Castro arrives in Moscow

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 218

1410 - John Van Lannoy, Flemish governor of Holland/Zealand/West Frisia
1623 - Johann Adam Reincken, composer
1650 - Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel), queen of Denmark and Norway (d. 1714)
1701 - Charles Emanuel I, King of Sardinia
1707 - John Burman, Dutch botanist/director botanical gardens
1718 - Thomas Lewis, Irish-born Virginia settler (d. 1790)
1724 - Ferdinand Philipp Joseph Lobkowitz, composer
1724 - Col. Thomas Gardner, a heroic political figure and soldier (d. 1775)
1748 - Adamantios Korais, Greek humanist scholar (d. 1833)
1755 - Marc-Antoine Parseval, French mathematician (d. 1836)
1759 - Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin, England, writer/feminist (Female Reader)
1767 - Andreas Jakob Romberg, German violinist/composer (Song of the Clock)
Inventor Samuel MorseInventor Samuel Morse (1791) 1791 - Samuel Morse, Charlestown, Massachusetts, American inventor (telegraph, Morse code) and painter
1802 - Abraham Louis Niedermeyer, composer
1803 - Alfred Julius Becher, composer
1806 - Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies, queen of Spain (d. 1878)
1812 - Friedrich von Flotow, composer
1812 - William W. Snow, American politician (d. 1886)
1820 - Herbert Spencer, Derby England, Victorian philosopher (Social Statics)
1822 - Ulysses S. Grant, Ohio (R), 18th US president (1869-77) and Union general
1824 - William Richard Bexfield, composer
US President & Union General Ulysses S. GrantUS President & Union General Ulysses S. Grant (1822) 1828 - Gerben Colmjon, Dutch Frisian linguist/publisher
1835 - John Murray Corse, Pitts, Bvt Mjr General (Union volunteers) [or 9/27]
1840 - Edward Whymper, 1st to climb Matterhorn (1865)
1848 - King Otto I of Bavaria (d. 1916)
1850 - Hans Hartwig von Beseler, German general (d. 1921)
1853 - Jules Lemaître, French critic and dramatist (d. 1914)
1861 - Georgy L'vovich Catoire, composer
1861 - Johan M Skjoldborg, Danish writer (Dynaes-Digte)
1865 - Emile Erens, Dutch Hagiographer (Pastor of Ars)
1869 - William Victor Harris, composer
1871 - Arthur Finlay Nevin, composer
1873 - Harry M O'Connor, Chicago IL, actor (Stranger than Fiction)
1875 - Andre Baillon, Belgian/French author (Un homme si simple)
1875 - Freddie Fane, cricketer (Hobbs' 1st Test opening partner)
1875 - Lumsden Hare, Ireland, actor (Oregon Trail, Desert Fox, Young Bess)
1878 - Frank Alvin Gotch, American professional wrestler (d. 1917)
1883 - Hubert Harrison, St Croix Virgin Island, writer/freedom fighter
1884 - Louis de Bree, [Louis C Davids], actor (Bluejackets)
1888 - Florence La Badie, Canadian actress (d. 1917)
1892 - Louis Victor de Broglie, physicist (studied electrons)
1893 - Norman Bel Geddes, Adrian Mich, theatrical designer (Rivals, Dead End)
1893 - Allen Sothoron, American baseball player (d. 1939)
1894 - Nicolas Slonimsky, composer
1894 - George Petty, WWII Pin-Up Artist (d. 1975)
1896 - Rogers Hornsby, 2nd baseman (St Louis Cards)
1896 - Wallace Hume Carothers, inventor (nylon)
1900 - Walter Lantz, animator (Woody Woodpecker's creator)
1902 - Kitty Kelly, NYC, actress (Ladies of the Jury, Behind Office Doors)
1903 - Frank Belknap Long, American writer (Rim of the Unknown)
1903 - Hans Walter Kosterliz, biochemist
1904 - Arthur F Burns, economist/chairman (Federal Reserve Board)
1904 - Cecil Day-Lewis, England, poet laureate/detective (Nicholas Blake)
1904 - Ragnar Skrede, Norwegian poet (Lauvfall)
1905 - Julian Stryjkowski, writer
1905 - Philip Radcliffe, composer
1906 - Mark Alexander Abrams, market researcher
1906 - Yórgos Theotokás, Greek novelist (d. 1966)
1909 - Muriel C Bradbrook, English writer (That Infidel Place)
1911 - Colin Gordon, Ceylon, actor (John-Baron)
1911 - Georges Dargaud, French publisher (Asterix, Tintin)
1912 - Franz Weyergans, Belgian literary (Les Gens Heureux)
1912 - Frederick Rand Weissman, philanthropist
1912 - Renato Rascel, actor (7 Hills of Rome, Secrets of Santa Vittoria)
1913 - Philip Hauge Abelson, American physicist (d. 2004)
1914 - Albert Soboult, French historian
1916 - Jan Rychlik, composer
1916 - Enos Slaughter, American baseball player (d. 2002)
1918 - John Alfred Scali, journalist/correspondent (ABC)
1918 - Kirby Stone, NYC, jazz combo leader (Baubles Bangles & Beads)
1918 - Willem N "Pim" Koot, pianist of Concert building (Oh, Lady! Lady!)
1918 - Sten Rudholm, Swedish jurist, member of the Swedish Academy
1919 - Walter Ritchie, sculptor
1920 - Guido Cantelli, Italian conductor (d. 1956)
1920 - Edwin Morgan, Scottish poet
1920 - Mark Krasnosel'skii, Russian-Ukrainian mathematician (d. 1997)
1922 - Daphne Anderson, London, actress (Beggar's Opera, Hobson's Choice)
1922 - Jack Klugman, Phila (Oscar-Odd Couple, Quincy, Goodbye Columbus), (d. 2012)
1922 - Martin Gray, Polish-born American writer, holocaust survivor
1927 - Connie Kay, jazz drummer
1927 - Coretta Scott King, Marion Ala, civil rights leader
1927 - John Joseph Moakley, (Rep-D-Massachusetts, 1973- )
1927 - Sheila Scott, English aviatrix (d. 1988)
1929 - Nina Ponomareva Romaschkova, USSR, discus thrower (Oly-gold-1952, 60)
1930 - Roelof F "Pik" Botha, South African minister of Foreign affairs
1931 - Igor Oistrach, Russian violinist/son of David Oistrach
1931 - Krzystzof Komeda, composer
Disc jockey and actor Casey KasemDisc jockey and actor Casey Kasem (1932) 1932 - Casey Kasem, Detroit Mich, radio personality (American Top 40)
1932 - Charles Adkins, US, light welterweight boxer (Olympic-gold-1952)
1932 - Chuck Knox, NFL coach (Rams, Bills, Seahawks)
1932 - Francois Bayle, composer
1932 - Maxine Brown, rocker (Browns)
1932 - Petar Ozgijan, composer
1932 - Anouk Aimée, French actress
1932 - Gian-Carlo Rota, Italian-born mathematician and philosopher (d. 1999)
1936 - Khalid Wazir, cricketer (son of S Wazir Ali 2 Tests for Pakistan 1954)
1936 - Geoffrey Shovelton, English opera singer
1937 - Phil Jones, newsman (CBS)
1937 - Sandy Dennis, American actress (d. 1992)
1938 - Earl Anthony, bowler (PBA money champ 1974-6, 1981-3)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 6 of 6

Beatles Drummer Ringo StarrBeatles Drummer Ringo Starr (1981) 1981 - Beatle Ringo Starr marries actress Barbara Bach [Goldbach]
1985 - Police violence victim Rodney King (20) weds Dennetta Lyles
1996 - Soap opera actor Lorenzo Lamas (38) weds Playboy model and actress Shauna Sand (24) in Rockland County, New York
1996 - Romanian gymnast and three-time Olympic gold medalist Nadia Comaneci (35) weds gymnast champion Bart Conner (38) in Bucharest, Romania
1996 - Actress Robin Wright Penn (30) weds actor Sean Penn (35) in Santa Monica, California
2013 - NBA great Michael Jordan marries 2nd wife model Yvette Prieto

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 2 of 2

Inventor and Nobel Laureate Guglielmo MarconiInventor and Nobel Laureate Guglielmo Marconi (1927) 1927 - Inventor and electrical engineer Guglielmo Marconi (53) divorces Beatrice O'Brien after 22 years of marriage
2004 - Oscar-winning actress Halle Berry files for divorce from her second husband, R&B singer Eric Benet, six months after the couple separated

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 91 of 91

630 - King Ardashir III of Persia
1076 - Willem, bishop of Utrecht (1054-76), murderer of earl Floris I, dies
1124 - Alexander I, King of Scots (1107-24), dies
1404 - Philip, the Stout, Duke of Burgundy, dies at 62
1521 - Ferdinand Magellan, Portuguese explorer, killed by Filipino natives at 50 while on voyage to circumnavigate the world
1599 - Maeda Toshiie, Japanese general (b. 1538)
1605 - Leo XI, [Alessandro O de' Medici], Italian Pope (1605), dies at 69
1613 - Robert Abercromby, Scottish Jesuit (b. 1532)
1625 - Mori Terumoto, Japanese warrior (b. 1553)
1656 - Gerard van Honthorst, painter, dies at 65
1656 - Jan J van Goyen, Dutch landscape painter, dies at 60
1682 - Theodorus III, czar of Russia (1676-82), dies
1694 - Johan Georg IV, elector of Saxony (1691-94), dies at 25
1695 - Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz, [Asbaje], Mexican poetress/nun, dies at 44
English Politician John TrenchardEnglish Politician John Trenchard (1695) 1695 - John Trenchard, English statesman (b. 1640)
1702 - Jean Bart, French capt/sea hero (Escape out of Plymouth), dies at 51
1758 - Jan Francisci, composer, dies at 66
1764 - Jaime de Casellas, composer, dies at 73
1782 - William Talbot, 1st Earl Talbot, English politician (b. 1710)
1794 - William Jones, British Orientalist/jurist, dies at 47
1813 - Zebulon M Pike, US explorer (Pike's Peak), dies in battle at 34
1871 - Sigismond Fortune Francois Thalberg, composer, dies at 59
1872 - Ion Heliade-Radulescu, Romanian politician/author, dies at 70
1873 - William Charles Macready, English actor (b. 1793)
1881 - Ludwig A Benedek, Austrian general, dies at 76
1882 - Ralph Waldo Emerson, US poet (Representive Men), dies
1893 - John Murray Corse, US general (Union), dies on his 58th birthday
1896 - Henry Parkes, known as the Father of Federation (b. 1815)
1901 - Richard Redhead, composer, dies at 81
1902 - Julius Sterling Morton, who started Arbor Day, dies at 72
1915 - Alexander N Skriabin, Russ pianist/composer (Prometheus), dies at 43
1915 - Alexander Scriabin, Russian composer (b. 1872)
1932 - Harold "Heart" Crane, US poet (Bridge), commits suicide at 32
1932 - Hart Crane, American writer (b. 1899)
1936 - Frederik A Stoett, linguist (Dutch Proverbs), dies at 72
1936 - Karl Pearson, mathematician, dies
1937 - Antonio Gramsci, Italian philosopher/marxist theorist, dies at 46
1938 - Edmond Rubbens, Belgian minister to Colonies, dies at 44
1941 - Penelope Delta, Greek author (b. 1874)
1950 - Adam Tadeusz Wieniawski, composer, dies at 70
1950 - Karl Straube, German organist/conductor, dies
1951 - Philip Albert Myburgh Hands, cricketer (7 Tests for South Africa), dies
1952 - Guido Castelnuovo, Italian mathematician (b. 1865)
1957 - Mario A Gianini, creator (maraschino cherry), dies
1959 - Gordon Armstrong, inventor (baby incubator), dies
1961 - Roy Del Ruth, director (About Face, Folies Bergere), dies at 67
1962 - A. K. Fazlul Huq, Bengali statesman (b. 1873)
1964 - Georg Britting, writer, dies at 73
1965 - Alan Bunce, actor (Albert-Ethel & Albert), dies at 61
1965 - Edward R Murrow, newscaster (Person to Person), dies at 57
1969 - Dino Terranova, actor (Young Dillinger), dies at 65
1969 - René Barrientos, President of Bolivia (b. 1919)
1970 - Arthur Shields, actor (Your Show Time), dies at 73
First President of Ghana Kwame NkrumahFirst President of Ghana Kwame Nkrumah (1972) 1972 - Kwame Nkrumah, president of Ghana, dies at 62
1972 - Phil King, rock (Blue Oyster Cult), shot in head at 24 while gambling
1973 - Jim Sims, cricketer (England leg-spinner in 4 Tests 1935-37), dies
1973 - Libbe de Wal, founder of Humanistic Covenant, dies at 72
1973 - Carlos Menditeguy, Argentine racing driver (b. 1914)
1975 - Nicholas Soussanin, actor (Last Command), dies at 86
1977 - Stanley Adams, actor (Lillies of the Field, Thunder Alley), dies at 61
1978 - Mohammed Daud, premier/president of Afghanistan, murdered
1982 - Tom Tully, actor (Line-up, Shane), dies at 85
1984 - Piet Kraak, Dutch soccer player, dies at 63
1988 - David Scarboro, British actor (b. 1968)
1989 - Konosuke Matsushita, Japanese industrialist (b. 1894)
1991 - Ken Curtis, actor (Lost, Freckles, California Gold Rush), dies at 74
1991 - Marcus Heeresma, writer/poet (Anna, Son of a Whore), dies
1992 - Olivier Messiaen, French composer, dies at 83
1993 - Hans Sahl, German/US writer (Tie Exil im Exil), dies at 90
1994 - Jerome Lejeune, physiologist, dies at 69
1994 - John Preston, US writer (Gay House, Big Gay Book), dies at 48
1994 - Lynne Frederick Unger, actress (Trail of Pink Panther), dies at 39
1995 - Willem Frederik Hermans, Dutch writer (b. 1921)
1996 - Joan Sterndale Bennett, actress (Elizabeth-Dark Shadows), dies at 86
1996 - William Egan Colby, cIA Director, dies at 76
1997 - Paul Lambert, actor (Tom-Executive Suite), dies at 73
1998 - Carlos Castaneda, Peruvian-born writer (b. 1925)
1998 - John Bassett, Canadian publisher and media baron (b. 1915)
1998 - Dominique Aury, French novelist (b. 1907)
1999 - Al Hirt, American trumpeter (b. 1922)
2000 - Vicki Sue Robinson, American singer (b. 1954)
2002 - George Alec Effinger, American author (b. 1947)
2002 - Ruth Handler, American toy manufacturer (b. 1916)
2002 - Baron Hans Heinrich Thyssen-Bornemisza, Swiss industrialist and art collector (b. 1921)
2006 - Julia Thorne, ex-wife of John Kerry (b. 1944)
2007 - Mstislav Rostropovich, Russian cellist and conductor (b. 1927)
2009 - Frankie Manning, an American dancer, instructor, choreographer, and one of the founding fathers of Lindy Hop. (b. 1914)
2009 - Feroz Khan, Indian actor (b. 1939)
2009 - Woo Seung-yeon, South Korean actress and model (b. 1983)
2011 - Marian Mercer, American actress (b. 1935)
2012 - Bill Skowron, American MLB player, dies from lung cancer at 81

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