This Day in History for 27th April

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 174

1124 - David I becomes King of Scots.
1296 - Battle of Dunbar: The Scots are defeated by Edward I of England.
1509 - Pope Julius II excommunicates Italian state of Venice
1518 - Treaty of St Truiden: anti-French Trapdoors/Bourgondisch covenant
1522 - Battle at Bicacca: Charles I & Pope Adrianus VI beat France
1526 - Mogol King Babur beats sultan of Delhi
1539 - Re-founding of the city of Bogotá, New Granada (nowadays Colombia), by Nikolaus Federmann and Sebastián de Belalcázar.
1565 - 1st Spanish settlement in Philippines, Cebu City, forms
1576 - Peace of Beaulieu & Paix de Monsieur
1578 - Duel of the Mignons claims the lives of two favorites of Henry III of France and two favorites of Henry I, Duke of Guise.
1643 - Tirso de Molina's "Bellaco Sois, Gomez," premieres in Madrid
1646 - King Charles I flees Oxford
1650 - The Battle of Carbisdale: Royalist army under Marquess of Montrose invades mainland Scotland from Orkney; defeated by a Covenanter army.
1662 - Netherlands & France sign military covenant
1667 - The blind and impoverished, John Milton sells the copyright of Paradise Lost for £10.
1694 - Frederik August I "the Strong" becomes monarch of Saksen
1749 - First performance of Handel's Fireworks Music in Green Park, London.
1773 - British Parliament passes Tea Act (Boston won't like this)
1805 - US Marines attack shores of Tripoli
Composer George Friedrich HandelComposer George Friedrich Handel 1810 - Beethoven composes his famous piano piece, Für Elise.
1813 - Americans under Gen Pike capture Toronto; Pike is killed
1828 - Zoological Gardens at Regent's Park London, opens
1838 - Fire destroys half of Charleston
1840 - Foundation stone for new Palace of Westminster, London, laid by wife of Sir Charles Barry.
1841 - Imakita Kosen, 1st Zen teacher of D.T. Suzuki, found the awakening
1857 - Establishment of Jewish congregations in Lower Austria prohibited
1859 - "Pomona" sinks in North Atlantic drowning all 400 aboard
1860 - Thomas Jackson is assigned to command Harpers Ferry
1861 - President Abe Lincoln suspends writ of habeas corpus
1861 - West Virginia secedes from Virginia after Virginia secedes from US
1863 - Battle of Streight's raid: Tuscumbia to Cedar Bluff, AL
1865 - Cornell University (Ithaca NY) is chartered
1865 - Steamboat "Sultana" explodes in Mississippi River, kills up to 1,547. 1450 of 2000 paroled Union POWs on their way home are killed when river steamer "Sultana" blows up
1867 - Opera "Romeo et Juliette" is produced (Paris)
Confederate General Thomas JacksonConfederate General Thomas Jackson 1870 - Heinrich Schliemann discovers Troi
1874 - White League, Paramilitary white supremacist organization, forms
1877 - Opera "Le Roi de Lahore" is produced (Paris)
1877 - President Hayes removes Federal troops from LA, Reconstruction ends
1881 - Pogroms against Russian Jews start in Elisabethgrad
1890 - French troops under Capt Archinard occupy Oussebougou West Sudan
1897 - Grant's Tomb (famed of song & legend) dedicated
1903 - 1st Highlander (Yankee) shut-out, Phila A's win 6-0
1903 - Long Island's Jamaica Race Track opens
1904 - The Australian Labor Party becomes the first such party to gain national government, under Chris Watson.
1905 - World Exposition opens in Luik
1908 - 4th modern Olympic games opens in London
1909 - Sultan of Turkey Abdul Hamid II is overthrown
1910 - Belgian parliament rejects socialist motion for general voting rights
1911 - Following the resignation and death of William P. Frye, a compromise is reached to rotate the office of President pro tempore of the United States Senate.
1912 - Relief laws replaces those of 1854, in Netherlands
1914 - Honduras becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
1918 - Giants' 9-0 winning start & Dodgers' 0-9 losing streak are stopped
1920 - Pogrom leader Petljoera declares Ukraine Independence
1921 - Hadjememaar, [Corn de Gelder] elected in Amsterdam
1922 - Fritz Langs "Dr Mabuse, der Spieler" premieres in Berlin
1922 - Yakut ASSR formed in Russian SFSR
Italian Dictator Benito MussoliniItalian Dictator Benito Mussolini 1923 - Benito Mussolini government italian place in South Tirol/Alto Adige
1924 - Antwerp soccer tie Belgium-Netherlands 1-1
1926 - In the Giants' 9-8 win over Phillies, Mel Ott, 17, 1st appearance
1927 - Carabineros de Chile (Chilean national police force and gendarmery) are created.
1931 - 100°F (38°C), Pahala, Hawaii (state record)
1933 - Karl Jansky reports reception of cosmic radio signal in Wash DC
1933 - Jessop & Son department store in Nottingham, England, acquired by John Lewis Partnership. The partnership's first shop outside London.
1935 - Brussel's World Expo opens
1935 - Yanks pull a 1st inning triple-play & beat Phila A's 9-8
1937 - 1st US social security payment made
1940 - Himmler orders establishment of Auschwitz Concentration Camp
1941 - German troops occupy Athens Greece
1942 - Belgium Jews are forced to wear stars
1942 - Tornado destroys Pryor Oklahoma killing 100, injuring 300
1943 - Lou Jansen & Jan Dieters arrested, lead illegal CPN party in Holland
1943 - Soviet Union breaks contact with Polish government exiled in London
1944 - Boston Brave Jim Tobin no-hits Bkln Dodgers, 2-0
1945 - 2nd Republic of Austria forms
1945 - Italian partisans capture Benito Mussolini prisoner
1945 - US 5th army enters Genua
1945 - World War II: The Völkischer Beobachter, the newspaper of the Nazi Party, ceases publication.
1946 - 1st radar installation aboard a coml ship installed
Baseball Great Babe RuthBaseball Great Babe Ruth 1947 - Babe Ruth Day celebrated at Yankee Stadium & through out US
1948 - Arab legion attacks Gesher bridge on Jordan River
1950 - "Tickets, Please" opens at Coronet Theater NYC for 245 performances
1950 - South Africa passes Group Areas Act segregating races
1951 - Mohammed Mossadeq chosen premier of Persia
1952 - "4 Saints in 3 Acts" closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 15 perfs
1953 - 1st general elections in British Guyana, won by Jagans PPP
1953 - Wrestler Freddie Blassie coins term "Pencil neck geek"
1956 - Burma Premier U Nu's Volksliga voor Vrijheid loses election
1956 - Heavyweight champ, Rocky Marciano, retires undefeated from boxing
1959 - "Today" show goes abroard 1st time (Paris France)
1959 - Liu Sjau-chi elected president of China PR
1959 - The last Canadian missionary leaves the People's Republic of China.
1960 - 1st atomic powered electric-drive submarine launched (Tullibee)
1960 - South Korean President Syngman Rhee resigns
First President of South Korea Syngman RheeFirst President of South Korea Syngman Rhee 1960 - Togo (formerly French Togo) declares independence from French adm
1961 - NASA launches Explorer 11 into Earth orbit to study gamma rays
1961 - NFL officially recognizes Hall of Fame in Canton, Ohio
1961 - Sierra Leone declares independence from UK
1962 - Arnold Wesker's "Chips with Everything" premieres in London
1962 - US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island
1963 - "Jopie" Pengel forms government in Suriname

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 218

1410 - John Van Lannoy, Flemish governor of Holland/Zealand/West Frisia
1623 - Johann Adam Reincken, composer
1650 - Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel), queen of Denmark and Norway (d. 1714)
1701 - Charles Emanuel I, King of Sardinia
1707 - John Burman, Dutch botanist/director botanical gardens
1718 - Thomas Lewis, Irish-born Virginia settler (d. 1790)
1724 - Ferdinand Philipp Joseph Lobkowitz, composer
1724 - Col. Thomas Gardner, a heroic political figure and soldier (d. 1775)
1737 - Edward Gibson, England, historian (Decline & Fall of Roman Emp)
1748 - Adamantios Korais, Greek humanist scholar (d. 1833)
1755 - Marc-Antoine Parseval, French mathematician (d. 1836)
1759 - Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin, England, writer/feminist (Female Reader)
1767 - Andreas Jakob Romberg, German violinist/composer (Song of the Clock)
1791 - Samuel Morse, Charlestown, Massachusetts, American inventor (telegraph, Morse code) and painter
1802 - Abraham Louis Niedermeyer, composer
1803 - Alfred Julius Becher, composer
1806 - Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies, queen of Spain (d. 1878)
1812 - Friedrich von Flotow, composer
1812 - William W. Snow, American politician (d. 1886)
Inventor Samuel MorseInventor Samuel Morse (1791) 1820 - Herbert Spencer, Derby England, Victorian philosopher (Social Statics)
1822 - Ulysses S. Grant, [Hiram], Ohio (R), 18th president (1869-77)
1824 - William Richard Bexfield, composer
1828 - Gerben Colmjon, Dutch Frisian linguist/publisher
1835 - John Murray Corse, Pitts, Bvt Mjr General (Union volunteers) [or 9/27]
1840 - Edward Whymper, 1st to climb Matterhorn (1865)
1848 - King Otto I of Bavaria (d. 1916)
1850 - Hans Hartwig von Beseler, German general (d. 1921)
1853 - Jules Lemaître, French critic and dramatist (d. 1914)
1861 - Georgy L'vovich Catoire, composer
1861 - Johan M Skjoldborg, Danish writer (Dynaes-Digte)
1865 - Emile Erens, Dutch Hagiographer (Pastor of Ars)
1869 - William Victor Harris, composer
1871 - Arthur Finlay Nevin, composer
1873 - Harry M O'Connor, Chicago IL, actor (Stranger than Fiction)
US President Ulysses S. GrantUS President Ulysses S. Grant (1822) 1875 - Andre Baillon, Belgian/French author (Un homme si simple)
1875 - Freddie Fane, cricketer (Hobbs' 1st Test opening partner)
1875 - Lumsden Hare, Ireland, actor (Oregon Trail, Desert Fox, Young Bess)
1878 - Frank Alvin Gotch, American professional wrestler (d. 1917)
1883 - Hubert Harrison, St Croix Virgin Island, writer/freedom fighter
1884 - Louis de Bree, [Louis C Davids], actor (Bluejackets)
1888 - Florence La Badie, Canadian actress (d. 1917)
1892 - Louis Victor de Broglie, physicist (studied electrons)
1893 - Norman Bel Geddes, Adrian Mich, theatrical designer (Rivals, Dead End)
1893 - Allen Sothoron, American baseball player (d. 1939)
1894 - Nicolas Slonimsky, composer
1894 - George Petty, WWII Pin-Up Artist (d. 1975)
1896 - Rogers Hornsby, 2nd baseman (St Louis Cards)
1896 - Wallace Hume Carothers, inventor (nylon)
1900 - Walter Lantz, animator (Woody Woodpecker's creator)
1902 - Kitty Kelly, NYC, actress (Ladies of the Jury, Behind Office Doors)
1903 - Frank Belknap Long, American writer (Rim of the Unknown)
1903 - Hans Walter Kosterliz, biochemist
1904 - Arthur F Burns, economist/chairman (Federal Reserve Board)
1904 - Cecil Day-Lewis, England, poet laureate/detective (Nicholas Blake)
1904 - Ragnar Skrede, Norwegian poet (Lauvfall)
1905 - Julian Stryjkowski, writer
1905 - Philip Radcliffe, composer
1906 - Mark Alexander Abrams, market researcher
1906 - Yórgos Theotokás, Greek novelist (d. 1966)
1909 - Muriel C Bradbrook, English writer (That Infidel Place)
1911 - Colin Gordon, Ceylon, actor (John-Baron)
1911 - Georges Dargaud, French publisher (Asterix, Tintin)
1912 - Franz Weyergans, Belgian literary (Les Gens Heureux)
1912 - Frederick Rand Weissman, philanthropist
1912 - Renato Rascel, actor (7 Hills of Rome, Secrets of Santa Vittoria)
1913 - Philip Hauge Abelson, American physicist (d. 2004)
1914 - Albert Soboult, French historian
1916 - Jan Rychlik, composer
1916 - Enos Slaughter, American baseball player (d. 2002)
1918 - John Alfred Scali, journalist/correspondent (ABC)
1918 - Kirby Stone, NYC, jazz combo leader (Baubles Bangles & Beads)
1918 - Willem N "Pim" Koot, pianist of Concert building (Oh, Lady! Lady!)
1918 - Sten Rudholm, Swedish jurist, member of the Swedish Academy
1919 - Walter Ritchie, sculptor
1920 - Guido Cantelli, Italian conductor (d. 1956)
1920 - Edwin Morgan, Scottish poet
1920 - Mark Krasnosel'skii, Russian-Ukrainian mathematician (d. 1997)
1922 - Daphne Anderson, London, actress (Beggar's Opera, Hobson's Choice)
1922 - Jack Klugman, Phila (Oscar-Odd Couple, Quincy, Goodbye Columbus), (d. 2012)
1922 - Martin Gray, Polish-born American writer, holocaust survivor
1927 - Connie Kay, jazz drummer
1927 - Coretta Scott King, Marion Ala, civil rights leader
1927 - John Joseph Moakley, (Rep-D-Massachusetts, 1973- )
1927 - Sheila Scott, English aviatrix (d. 1988)
1929 - Nina Ponomareva Romaschkova, USSR, discus thrower (Oly-gold-1952, 60)
1930 - Roelof F "Pik" Botha, South African minister of Foreign affairs
1931 - Igor Oistrach, Russian violinist/son of David Oistrach
1931 - Krzystzof Komeda, composer
1932 - Casey Kasem, Detroit Mich, radio personality (American Top 40)
1932 - Charles Adkins, US, light welterweight boxer (Olympic-gold-1952)
1932 - Chuck Knox, NFL coach (Rams, Bills, Seahawks)
1932 - Francois Bayle, composer
1932 - Maxine Brown, rocker (Browns)
1932 - Petar Ozgijan, composer
1932 - Anouk Aimée, French actress
1932 - Gian-Carlo Rota, Italian-born mathematician and philosopher (d. 1999)
1936 - Khalid Wazir, cricketer (son of S Wazir Ali 2 Tests for Pakistan 1954)
1936 - Geoffrey Shovelton, English opera singer
1937 - Phil Jones, newsman (CBS)
1937 - Sandy Dennis, American actress (d. 1992)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 4 of 4

1981 - Beatle Ringo Starr marries actress Barbara Bach [Goldbach]
1996 - Soap opera actor Lorenzo Lamas (38) weds Playboy model and actress Shauna Sand (24) in Rockland County, New York
1996 - Romanian gymnast and three-time Olympic gold medalist Nadia Comaneci (35) weds gymnast champion Bart Conner (38) in Bucharest, Romania
2013 - NBA great Michael Jordan marries 2nd wife model Yvette Prieto

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 2 of 2

1927 - Inventor and electrical engineer Guglielmo Marconi (53) divorces Beatrice O'Brien after 22 years of marriage
2004 - Oscar-winning actress Halle Berry files for divorce from her second husband, R&B singer Eric Benet, six months after the couple separated

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 91 of 91

630 - King Ardashir III of Persia
1076 - Willem, bishop of Utrecht (1054-76), murderer of earl Floris I, dies
1124 - Alexander I, King of Scots (1107-24), dies
1404 - Philip, the Stout, Duke of Burgundy, dies at 62
1521 - Ferdinand Magellan, Portuguese explorer, killed by Filipino natives at 50 while on voyage to circumnavigate the world
1599 - Maeda Toshiie, Japanese general (b. 1538)
1605 - Leo XI, [Alessandro O de' Medici], Italian Pope (1605), dies at 69
1613 - Robert Abercromby, Scottish Jesuit (b. 1532)
1625 - Mori Terumoto, Japanese warrior (b. 1553)
1656 - Gerard van Honthorst, painter, dies at 65
1656 - Jan J van Goyen, Dutch landscape painter, dies at 60
1682 - Theodorus III, czar of Russia (1676-82), dies
1694 - Johan Georg IV, elector of Saxony (1691-94), dies at 25
1695 - Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz, [Asbaje], Mexican poetress/nun, dies at 44
1695 - John Trenchard, English statesman (b. 1640)
1702 - Jean Bart, French capt/sea hero (Escape out of Plymouth), dies at 51
1758 - Jan Francisci, composer, dies at 66
1764 - Jaime de Casellas, composer, dies at 73
1782 - William Talbot, 1st Earl Talbot, English politician (b. 1710)
English Politician John TrenchardEnglish Politician John Trenchard (1695) 1794 - William Jones, British Orientalist/jurist, dies at 47
1813 - Zebulon M Pike, US explorer (Pike's Peak), dies in battle at 34
1871 - Sigismond Fortune Francois Thalberg, composer, dies at 59
1872 - Ion Heliade-Radulescu, Romanian politician/author, dies at 70
1873 - William Charles Macready, English actor (b. 1793)
1881 - Ludwig A Benedek, Austrian general, dies at 76
1882 - Ralph Waldo Emerson, US poet (Representive Men), dies
1893 - John Murray Corse, US general (Union), dies on his 58th birthday
1896 - Henry Parkes, known as the Father of Federation (b. 1815)
1901 - Richard Redhead, composer, dies at 81
1902 - Julius Sterling Morton, who started Arbor Day, dies at 72
1915 - Alexander N Skriabin, Russ pianist/composer (Prometheus), dies at 43
1915 - Alexander Scriabin, Russian composer (b. 1872)
1932 - Harold "Heart" Crane, US poet (Bridge), commits suicide at 32
1932 - Hart Crane, American writer (b. 1899)
1936 - Frederik A Stoett, linguist (Dutch Proverbs), dies at 72
1936 - Karl Pearson, mathematician, dies
1937 - Antonio Gramsci, Italian philosopher/marxist theorist, dies at 46
1938 - Edmond Rubbens, Belgian minister to Colonies, dies at 44
1941 - Penelope Delta, Greek author (b. 1874)
1950 - Adam Tadeusz Wieniawski, composer, dies at 70
1950 - Karl Straube, German organist/conductor, dies
1951 - Philip Albert Myburgh Hands, cricketer (7 Tests for South Africa), dies
1952 - Guido Castelnuovo, Italian mathematician (b. 1865)
1957 - Mario A Gianini, creator (maraschino cherry), dies
1959 - Gordon Armstrong, inventor (baby incubator), dies
1961 - Roy Del Ruth, director (About Face, Folies Bergere), dies at 67
1962 - A. K. Fazlul Huq, Bengali statesman (b. 1873)
1964 - Georg Britting, writer, dies at 73
1965 - Alan Bunce, actor (Albert-Ethel & Albert), dies at 61
1965 - Edward R Murrow, newscaster (Person to Person), dies at 57
1969 - Dino Terranova, actor (Young Dillinger), dies at 65
1969 - René Barrientos, President of Bolivia (b. 1919)
1970 - Arthur Shields, actor (Your Show Time), dies at 73
1972 - Kwame Nkrumah, president of Ghana, dies at 62
1972 - Phil King, rock (Blue Oyster Cult), shot in head at 24 while gambling
1973 - Jim Sims, cricketer (England leg-spinner in 4 Tests 1935-37), dies
1973 - Libbe de Wal, founder of Humanistic Covenant, dies at 72
1973 - Carlos Menditeguy, Argentine racing driver (b. 1914)
1975 - Nicholas Soussanin, actor (Last Command), dies at 86
1977 - Stanley Adams, actor (Lillies of the Field, Thunder Alley), dies at 61
1978 - Mohammed Daud, premier/president of Afghanistan, murdered
1982 - Tom Tully, actor (Line-up, Shane), dies at 85
1984 - Piet Kraak, Dutch soccer player, dies at 63
1988 - David Scarboro, British actor (b. 1968)
1989 - Konosuke Matsushita, Japanese industrialist (b. 1894)
1991 - Ken Curtis, actor (Lost, Freckles, California Gold Rush), dies at 74
1991 - Marcus Heeresma, writer/poet (Anna, Son of a Whore), dies
1992 - Olivier Messiaen, French composer, dies at 83
1993 - Hans Sahl, German/US writer (Tie Exil im Exil), dies at 90
1994 - Jerome Lejeune, physiologist, dies at 69
1994 - John Preston, US writer (Gay House, Big Gay Book), dies at 48
1994 - Lynne Frederick Unger, actress (Trail of Pink Panther), dies at 39
1995 - Willem Frederik Hermans, Dutch writer (b. 1921)
1996 - Joan Sterndale Bennett, actress (Elizabeth-Dark Shadows), dies at 86
1996 - William Egan Colby, cIA Director, dies at 76
1997 - Paul Lambert, actor (Tom-Executive Suite), dies at 73
1998 - Carlos Castaneda, Peruvian-born writer (b. 1925)
1998 - John Bassett, Canadian publisher and media baron (b. 1915)
1998 - Dominique Aury, French novelist (b. 1907)
1999 - Al Hirt, American trumpeter (b. 1922)
2000 - Vicki Sue Robinson, American singer (b. 1954)
2002 - George Alec Effinger, American author (b. 1947)
2002 - Ruth Handler, American toy manufacturer (b. 1916)
2002 - Baron Hans Heinrich Thyssen-Bornemisza, Swiss industrialist and art collector (b. 1921)
2006 - Julia Thorne, ex-wife of John Kerry (b. 1944)
2007 - Mstislav Rostropovich, Russian cellist and conductor (b. 1927)
2009 - Frankie Manning, an American dancer, instructor, choreographer, and one of the founding fathers of Lindy Hop. (b. 1914)
2009 - Feroz Khan, Indian actor (b. 1939)
2009 - Woo Seung-yeon, South Korean actress and model (b. 1983)
2011 - Marian Mercer, American actress (b. 1935)
2012 - Bill Skowron, American MLB player, dies from lung cancer at 81

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