This Day in History for 3rd April

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 175

419 - [Etalius] ends his reign as Catholic Pope
1043 - Edward the Confessor crowned king of England
1077 - The first Parliament of Friuli is created.
1312 - 2nd council of Vienna
1376 - Battle of Navarrete (Najera), English beat French
1559 - Spain & France sign 2nd Treaty of Le Cateau-Cambrésis
1582 - French van Valois honored as duke of Gelre/earl of Zutphen
1645 - English parliament accept Self-Denying Ordinance
1657 - English Lord Protector Cromwell refuses crown
1679 - Edmund Halley meets Johannes Hevelius in Danzig
1721 - Robert Walpole becomes Britain's 1st Lord of the Treasury - effective Prime Minister, although that term was never officially used (indeed, it was considered an insult) until much later.
1764 - Austrian Archduke Jozef crowned himself Holy Roman Emperor Josef II
First US President George WashingtonFirst US President George Washington 1776 - George Washington receives honorary Ll.D. degree from Harvard College
1783 - Sweden & US sign a treaty of Amity & Commerce
1790 - Revenue Marine Service (US Coast Guard) created
1834 - The generals in the Greek War of Independence stand trial for treason.
1848 - Thomas Douglas becomes 1st SF public teacher
1856 - Gunpowder in church explodes killing 4,000 in Rhodos
1860 - Pony Express began between St Joseph Mo & Sacramento Calif
1864 - Skirmish at Okolona, Arkansas
1865 - Battle at Namozine Church, Virginia (Appomattox Campaign)
1865 - Union forces occupy Confederate capital of Richmond Va & Petersberg
1868 - A Hawaiian surfs on highest wave ever - a 50-foot tidal wave
1882 - Wood block alarm invented, when alarm rang, it dropped 20 wood blocks
Outlaw Jesse JamesOutlaw Jesse James 1882 - American Old West: Outlaw Jesse James is killed by Robert Ford.
1889 - Savings Bank of Order of True Reformers opens in Richmond, Va
1893 - 1st NSW v Queensland F-C game, at Brisbane Exhibition Ground
1908 - Frank Gotch wins world heavyweight wrestling championship in 2 hrs
1910 - Highest mountain in North America, Alaska's Mt McKinley climbed
1911 - Harry James Smith's "Mrs Bumsted-Leigh" premieres in NYC
1913 - British suffragette Emmeline Pankhurst sentenced to 3 years in jail
Marxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader Vladimir LeninMarxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader Vladimir Lenin 1917 - Lenin arrives in Petrograd from Switzerland [NS=April 16]
1918 - US House of Representatives accepts American Creed written by William Tyler
1919 - Austria expels all Habsburgers
1922 - Stalin appointed General Secretary of Communist Party
1923 - 2 "Black Sox" sue White Sox (unsuccessfully) for back salary
1925 - Great Britain goes back to gold standard
1925 - Netherlands & Belgium sign accord of Westerschelde
1926 - 1st performance of Jean Sibelius' 7th Symphony in C
1926 - 2nd flight of a liquid-fueled rocket by Robert Goddard
1926 - Italy establishes corp of force in order to break powerful unions
Rocket Pioneer Robert H. GoddardRocket Pioneer Robert H. Goddard 1927 - Interstate Commerce Comm transfers Ohio to Eastern time zone
1929 - Persia agrees to Litvinov Pact
1929 - RMS Queen Mary is ordered from John Brown & Company Shipbuilding and Engineering by Cunard Line.
1930 - Ras Tafari becomes Emperor Haile Selassie of Abyssinia (Ethiopia)
1930 - Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens sweep Boston Bruins in 2 games
1930 - 2nd Academy Awards - "The Broadway Melody", Warner Baxter & Mary Pickford win
1933 - 1st airplane flight over Mt Everest
1933 - Then longest North American hockey game requires a 1:44:46 overtime as Maple Leaf Ken Doraty scores to beat Canadiens 1-0
Actress Mary PickfordActress Mary Pickford 1935 - Yasuo Ikenada runs world record marathon (2:26:44)
1936 - Al Carr KOs Lew Massey on 1 punch, :07 of 1st round
1936 - Shortest boxing bout with gloves lasts only 10 seconds
1941 - Churchill warns Stalin of German invasion
1941 - Rasjid al-Gailani forms pro-German regime in Iraq
1941 - Walton's overture "Scapino" premieres in Chicago
1943 - Jan Dieters (leader of illegal CPN) arrested
1944 - British dive bombers attack battle cruiser Tirpitz
1944 - US Supreme Court (Smith v Allwright) "white primaries" unconstitutional
1945 - Hengelo freed from Nazi control by Canadian army
1945 - Nazis begin evacuation of camp Buchenwald
1945 - US 1st army conquers Hofgeismar
Soviet Union Premier Joseph StalinSoviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin 1946 - Netherlands-German postal relations resume
1947 - "Barefoot Boy with Cheek" opens at Martin Beck NYC for 108 perfs
1948 - 1st US figure skating championships held
1948 - US President Harry Truman signs Marshall Plan ($5B aid to 16 European countries)
1948 - US female Figure Skating championship won by Gretchen Merrill
1948 - US male Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button
1949 - KQW-AM in San Francisco CA changes call letters to KCBS
1949 - North Atlantic Treaty signed by US, Britain, France & Canada
1949 - WLWS (now WCMH) TV channel 4 in Columbus, OH (NBC) begins broadcasting
33rd US President Harry Truman33rd US President Harry Truman 1951 - Christopher Fry's "Sleep of Prisoners" premieres in Oxford
1952 - Dutch Queen Juliana speaks to US Congress
1954 - "Me & Juliet" closes at Majestic Theater NYC after 358 performances
1954 - Don Perry climbs a 20' rope in under 2.8 seconds (AAU record)
1955 - Balt Orioles pull their 1st triple play (3-6-2 vs KC Athletics)
1955 - Fire in cinema in Sclessin, Belgium, kills 39
1955 - Louise Suggs wins LPGA Oklahoma City Golf Open
1955 - Night express train in Guadalajara derails, killing 300
1955 - The American Civil Liberties Union announces it will defend Allen Ginsberg's book Howl against obscenity charges.
Beat Poet Allen GinsbergBeat Poet Allen Ginsberg 1956 - "Silk Stockings" closes at Imperial Theater NYC after 461 performances
1956 - Bulgarian vice premier Traitsjo Kostov rehabilitated
1956 - German war criminals Hinrichsen/Ruhl/Siebens/Viebahn freed
1956 - Hudsonville-Standale Tornado: The western half of the Lower Peninsula of Michigan is struck by a deadly F5 tornado.
1957 - Samuel Beckett's "Endgame" premieres in London
1957 - USSR performs atmospheric nuclear test
1958 - "Say, Darling" opens at ANTA Theater NYC for 332 performances
1958 - Fidel Castro's rebels attacked Havana
1960 - Earthquake at Havre, Belgium
Cuban President Fidel CastroCuban President Fidel Castro 1961 - "Happiest Girl in the World" opens at Martin Beck NYC for 97 perfs
1961 - Connie Mack Stadium in Phila is sold to J Schleifer Properties
1962 - Jockey Eddie Arcaro retires after 31 years (24,092 races)
1962 - Lt General Marshall S Carter, USA, becomes deputy director of CIA
1964 - Beatles hold top 6 spots on Sydney Australia record charts
1964 - US & Panama agree to resume diplomatic relations
1965 - 1st atomic powered spacecraft (snap) launched
1966 - Luna 10 orbits Moon
1966 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Venice Ladies Golf Open
1966 - Tom Seaver signs with the Mets for a reported $50,000 bonus
1967 - WNYE TV channel 25 in Brooklyn, NY (PBS) begins broadcasting
1967 - 113 East Europeans attending World Amateur hockey championships in Vienna, ask for political asylum

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 256

1151 - Igor Svyatoslavich, Ukrainian prince (d. 1202)
1245 - Philips III, the Stout, King of France (1270-85)
1367 - Henry IV, Bolingbroke Lincolnshire, King of England (1399-1413)
1438 - John III van Egmont, [Manke John], viceroy of Holland
1485 - Lieven van der Maude [Ammonius], South Netherland poet
1529 - Michael Neander, German mathematician and astronomer (d. 1581)
1569 - Giovanni Battista Massarengo, composer
1593 - George Herbert, English metaphysical poet (5 Mystical Songs)
1603 - William Smith, composer
1617 - Antimo Liberati, composer
1627 - Johann Caspar Kerll, composer
1649 - Joseph-Francois Salomon, composer
1682 - Johann Valentin Rathgeber, German benedictine/composer
1683 - Mark Catesby, English naturalist (d. 1749)
1693 - George Edwards, English naturalist (d. 1773)
1715 - William Watson, English physician and scientist (d. 1787)
1720 - Elia van Vilnius, [Elijahu ben Salomo Zalman], Latvian rabbi
1727 - Philippe-Lambert-Joseph Spruyt, Flemish painter/engraver
1751 - Jean-Baptiste Lamoyne, composer
1757 - Ferenc Verseghy, composer
1764 - John Abernethy, London, surgeon
1769 - Christian Günther von Bernstorff, Danish and Prussian statesman and diplomat (d. 1835)
1770 - Theodoros Kolokotronis, Greek general (d. 1843)
1783 - Washington Irving, US writer (Legend of Sleepy Hollow)
1798 - Charles D Wilkes, Commander (Union Navy), died in 1877
1806 - Ivan Kireevsky, Russian literary critic and philosopher (d. 1856)
1812 - Louisa Maria, Queen of the Belgians (1832-50/wife of Leopold I)
1814 - Lorenzo Snow, 5th president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (the LDS or Mormon Church) (d. 1901)
1821 - T. Pelham Dale, Anglican clergyman prosecuted for Ritualist practices in the 1870s (d. 1892)
1822 - Edward Everett Hale, US, clergyman/author (Man without a Country)
1823 - William Macy "Boss" Tweed, corrupt political boss (NYC)
1825 - Adolf Rzepko, composer
1837 - John Burroughs, writer/nature enthusiast (Burroughs Medal namesake)
1838 - Leon Michel Gambetta, French attorney/premier (1881-82)
1842 - Ulric Dahlgren, Col (Union volunteers), died in 1864
1858 - Matthew Ricketts, 1st Black man elected to Neb State Legislature
1859 - Reginald De Koven, composer
1860 - Frederik W van Eeden, Dutch utopian writer (Walden)
South African Premier J. B. M. HertzogSouth African Premier J. B. M. Hertzog (1866) 1866 - J. B. M. Hertzog [Barry Hertzog], Cape Colony, South African General/Premier (1914-39)
1871 - Jose Juan Tablada, Mexican poet (El Florilegio)
1874 - Eduardo Sanchez de Fuentes, composer
1881 - Alcide de Gasperi, Italian premier (1945..53)
1881 - Margaret MJ "Daisy" Ashford, English author (Young Sisters)
1882 - Simon Elzinga, Dutch educator
1884 - Jackie Matthews, cricketer (Aust leg-spinner, two hat-tricks 1912)
1885 - Harry St John Philby, [sheik Abdullah], British explorer
1885 - Bud Fisher, American cartoonist (d. 1954)
1888 - Neville Cardus, cricketer (doyen of cricket writers)
1889 - Grigoras Dinicu, composer
1893 - Leslie Howard, [Stainer], London, actor (Gone With the Wind)
1893 - Princess Maud of Fife (d. 1945)
1894 - Dooley Wilson, Tyler Tx, actor (Bill-Beulah, Casablanca)
1895 - Bjarne Brustad, composer
1895 - Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco, Firenze (Florence) Italy, composer
1896 - Douwe Kalma, Dutch literary/leader (Young Frisian Movement)
1898 - George Jessel, toastmaster general/entertainer (Diary of Young Comic)
1898 - Henry R Luce, Tengchow China, publisher (Time, Fortune, Life)
1899 - Cees Lasseur, Dutch actor/owner (Hague Comedy)
1899 - David Jack, English footballer (d. 1958)
1900 - Camille Chamoun, president of Lebanon
1902 - Henri Garat, Paris France, actor (Congress Dances)
1902 - Siguringi Eirikur Hjorleifsson, composer
1903 - Peter Huchel, writer
1904 - Iron Eyes Cody, Tulsa OK, actor (Black Gold, Ernest Goes to Camp)
1904 - Peter Van Steeden, Amsterdam Neth, orchestra leader (Break the Bank)
1904 - Russel Wright, American industrial designer (d. 1976)
1905 - Robert Frederick Sink, United States Army Officer (d. 1965)
1906 - Kathleen Tillotson, Emeritus Professor of English (Bedford College)
1907 - Isaac Deutscher, Polish/English historian (Stalin/Trotsky biography)
1911 - Harold Watkins Shaw, musicologist
1911 - Michael Woodruff, FRS, surgeon
1911 - W R Lee, language teacher
1912 - Addeke H Boerma, Dutch dir-gen (FAO)
1912 - Bert Bakker, Dutch publisher (Free Netherlands)
1913 - F H Tate, vice-CEO (Tate & Lyle)
1913 - George Barati, composer
1913 - Per Borten, Premier of Norway (d. 2005)
1914 - Katherine Stammers Menzies, England, doubles tennis player (Wimb 1935)
1915 - Paul Touvier, war criminal
1916 - Herb Caen, Sacramento California, columnist (SF Chronicle)
1916 - Robert Jesse Charleston, museum Curator
1917 - Bill Finegan, Newark NJ, (Sauter-Finegan Band, Sat Night Revue)
1917 - Tibor Andrasovan, composer
1918 - Enrique Iturriaga, composer
1918 - Louis Applebaum, composer
1918 - Sixten Ehrling, Malmö Sweden, conductor (Royal Opera of Stockholm)
1919 - Duke of Grafton, KG
1920 - Stan Freeman, Waterbury Conn, pianist (Melody Tour)
1920 - John Demjanjuk, Ukrainian-born American auto worker, alleged Nazi and convicted war criminal (under appeal at death), (d. 2012)
1921 - Harry Landers, NYC, actor (Ted Hoffman-Ben Casey)
1921 - Robert Karvelas, American actor (d. 1991)
1923 - Jan Sterling, New York City, New York, American actress (Ace in the Hole, The High and the Mighty)
1923 - John Smith, English large landowner/financier/MP (C)
1924 - Canon A D Caesar, Sub Dean (HM Chapels Royal)
1924 - Doris Day, Cincinnati Oh, "girl next door" actress (Pillow Talk)
Actor Marlon BrandoActor Marlon Brando (1924) 1924 - Marlon Brando, Omaha Neb, actor (Superman, Godfather)
1924 - Murray Dickie, opera singer/director
1925 - Tony Benn, British minister of technology (1968)
1926 - Andrew Keir, actor (Rob Roy, Absolution, Blood Hunt, Catholics)
1926 - Virgil Grissom, Mitchell Ind, Lt Col USAF/astronaut (Merc 4, Gemini 3)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 4 of 4

1920 - Novelist and short story writer Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald (23) weds novelist Zelda Sayre (19) at New York's St. Patrick's Cathedral
Author F. Scott FitzgeraldAuthor F. Scott Fitzgerald (1920) 1920 - Author F. Scott Fitzgerald (23) weds novelist Zelda Fitzgerald (19) at St. Patrick's Cathedral in New York
2010 - "Love and Theft" country trio Eric Gunderson weds Emily Hagar (24) at sunset on the front porch of the historic Hazel Path mansion in Hendersonville, Tennessee
2012 - Paramore guitar player Josh Farro (22) weds Jenna Rice in Tennessee

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 112

33 - Christ, crucified (according to astronomer Humphreys & Waddington)
628 - Chosroes II, emperor of Persia (579..628), murdered by his son
963 - William III, Duke of Aquitaine (b. 915)
1287 - Honorius IV, [Giacomo Savelli], Italian Pope (1285-87), dies
1350 - Eudes IV, Duke of Burgundy (b. 1295)
1512 - Richard Pafraet, Dutch printer, dies
1525 - Giovanni Rucellai, Italian poet (Le Api), dies at 49
1581 - Huibert Duifhuis, Roman Catholic pastor (Rotterdam/Utrecht), dies
1606 - Charles Blount, 1st Earl of Devon, English politician (b. 1563)
1680 - Shivaji, founder of the Maratha Empire, India (b. 1630)
1682 - Bartolomé Esteban Murillo, Spanish painter, dies
1691 - Jean Petitot, Swiss enamel painter (b. 1608)
1694 - Ferdinand van Apshoven de Jongere, Flemish painter, buried at 64
1695 - Melchior de Hondecoeter, Dutch still life painter, dies at about 58
1717 - Jacques Ozanam, French mathematician (b. 1640)
1728 - James Anderson, Scottish lawyer (b. 1662)
1769 - Gerhard Tersteegen, German evangelist/poet (in blood), dies at 71
1792 - George Pocock, British admiral (b. 1706)
1797 - Nonnosus Madlseder, composer, dies at 66
1804 - Jędrzej Kitowicz, Polish priest (b. 1727/1728)
1811 - Pieter-Jozef Verhaghen, Flemish (court)painter, dies at 83
1822 - Friedrich Bertuch, writer, dies
1826 - Reginald Heber, bishop & hymn writer, dies
1827 - Ernst Chladni, German physicist (b. 1756)
1838 - Francesco Antommarchi, Napoleon's physician on St Helena, dies at 57
1849 - Juliusz Slowacki, Pol poet (Father of the Plague-Patient), dies at 39
1850 - Vaclav Jan Krtitel Tomasek, organist/pianist/composer, dies at 75
1858 - Sigismund Ritter von Neukomm, Austrian composer, dies at 79
1862 - James Clark Ross, Arctic explorer, dies
1868 - Franz Adolf Berwald, Swedish composer, dies at 71
1876 - Henriette Davidis, writer, dies
1882 - Friedrich Wilhelm Kucken, composer, dies at 71
Outlaw Jesse JamesOutlaw Jesse James (1882) 1882 - Jesse James, outlaw, shot dead at 34, in St Joseph Mo by Robert Ford
1884 - Carel JCH van Nispen tot Sevenaer, Dutch Cath politician, dies at 59
1897 - Johannes Brahms, German composer/conductor (Hung Dances), dies at 63
1901 - Richard D'Oyly Carte, promotor (Gilbert & Sullivan operas), dies
1909 - Benjamin Johnson Lang, composer, dies at 71
1915 - Andrew Stoddart, cricketer (England capt at turn of century), suicide
1919 - Paul Geisler, composer, dies at 62
1920 - Homer Newton Bartlett, composer, dies at 74
1930 - Emma Albani, Canadian soprano (b. 1847)
1936 - Bruno Hauptmann, convicted Lindbergh baby killer, executed
1941 - Pal Teleki-von Szek, PM Hungary (1920-21, 39-41), suicide at 61
1942 - Albert Siklos, composer, dies at 63
1942 - Paul Gilson, composer, dies at 76
1943 - Conrad Veidt, German/US actor (Cabinet of Dr Calgary), dies at 50
1945 - Joseph Weinheber, Austria poet/writer (Vienna Verbatim), dies at 43
1946 - Masaharu Homma, Lt Gen (responsible for Bataan Death March), executed
1949 - Basil Harwood, composer, dies at 89
1950 - Adolf Wiklund, composer, dies at 70
1950 - Carter G Woodson, American historian (black studies), dies at 74
1950 - Kurt Julian Weill, German composer (Dreigroschenoper), dies at 50
1951 - Johannes C Kielstra, Dut economist/gov (Suriname 1933-44), dies at 72
1956 - T Kostov, Bulgarian vice-premier, executed
1958 - Theodor Kramer, writer, dies
1960 - Anton Pannekoek, Dutch astronomer/marxist theorist, dies at 87
1962 - Benny "Kid" Paret, US welterweight boxer, dies after fight, at 24
1962 - Manolis Kalomiris, Greek opera composer, dies at 78
1965 - Ernst Kirchweger, Austrian communist and resistance fighter (born 1897 or 1898)
1966 - Russel Crouse, US stagewriter (Life with Father), dies at 73
1969 - Rex Evans, actor (Frankenstein meets the Wolfman, Zara), dies at 65
1971 - Joseph Valachi, US gangster, dies at 66
1971 - Manfred Bonnington Lee, [Ellery Queen], detective writer, dies at 65
1972 - Ferde Ferdinand Rudolph von Grofe, composer, dies at 80
1972 - Ferde Grofe, US composer (Grand Canyon Suite), dies at 80
1975 - Mary Ure, Scottish actress (Sons & Lovers, Where Eagles Dare), dies at 42
1976 - Maurice Johnstone, composer, dies at 75
1977 - Jack Ryder, cricketer (20 Tests for Aust, 1394 runs), dies
1978 - Ray Noble, English bandleader and composer (b. 1903)
1980 - Luella Gear, actress (Joe & Mabel), dies at 82
1981 - Juan Trippe, Airline entrepreneur and pioneer, Pan Am founder (b. 1899)
1982 - Herman W Filarski, Dutch bridge journalist, dies at 69
1982 - Warren Oates, actor (East of Eden, Stoney Burke), dies at 53
1986 - Peter Pears, English tenor (Death in Venice), dies at 75
1987 - Tom Sestak, American football player (b. 1936)
1988 - Milton A Caniff, US cartoonist (Terry & the Pirates), dies at 81
1989 - Norman Woolard, actor (Guilty, Saul & David, Medeleine), dies at 79
1990 - Katharine Balfour, actress (Love Story), dies of ALS at 69
1990 - Sarah Vaughn, jazz singer, dies of lung cancer at 66
Writer Graham GreeneWriter Graham Greene (1991) 1991 - Graham Greene, Brit writer (3rd Man, Our man in Havana), dies at 86
1992 - Lloyd "Slim" Andrews, actor (Buf Bill in Tomahawk Territory), dies
1992 - Margaret Barker, actress (Fathers & Son), dies of lung cancer at 83
1993 - Alexander Mnouchkine, French movie producer (Professional), dies at 83
1993 - Dieter Plage, German wildlife filmmaker, dies at 57
1993 - Eduardo Cabellero Calderon, Colombian writer/diplomat, dies at 83
1993 - Pinky Lee, kiddie host (Pinky Lee Show), dies of heart attack at 85
1994 - Betty Furness, actress/news consumer reporter (WNBC), dies at 78
1994 - Frank G Wells, US director (Walt Disney), dies at 62
1994 - Jerome Lejeune, French geneticist (Syndrome of Down), dies at 67
1994 - Pat Harper, NYC news anchor (WPIX, WNBC), dies
1995 - David Alexander Reginald Herbert, writer, dies at 86
1995 - Harvey Pennick, golfer/teacher, dies at 89
1996 - Carl Stokes, 1st black mayor of a major US city (Cleve), dies
1996 - Christopher John Seward, aid worker, dies at 45
1996 - Ron Brown, sec of Comerce, dies in an accident
1996 - Ronald Harmon Brown, politician, dies at 54
1996 - Roosevelt "Booba" Barnes, bluesman, dies at 59
1996 - Ron Brown, U.S. Secretary of Commerce (b. 1941)
1997 - Judy Flannery, master triathelete, killed by a car at 56
1998 - Mary Cartwright, English mathematician (b. 1900)

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