This Day in History for 4th April

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 167

1081 - Alexius I Comnenus occupies Byzantine throne
1460 - University of Basle in Swizerland forms
1541 - Ignatius of Loyola becomes 1st superior-general of Jesuits
1552 - Mauritius van Saksen begins alliance with Karel Anikita Stroganov
1558 - Czar Ivan IV gives parts of North-Russia to fur traders
1581 - Francis Drake knighted by Queen Elizabeth I aboard Golden Hind at Deptford
1588 - Christian IV succeeds Frederik II as king of Denmark
1655 - Battle at Postage Farina, Tunis: English fleet beats Barbary pirates
1655 - The miraculous statue entitled the Infant of Prague is solemnly crowned by command of Cardinal Harrach.
1660 - English king Charles II sends Declaration of Breda (freedom of religion)
1686 - English king James II publishes Declaration of Indulgence
King Charles IIKing Charles II 1687 - King James II orders his declaration of indulgence read in English churches
1716 - Russian & Prussian troops occupy Wismar
1737 - Anthony van Heim installed as Dutch pension advisor
1814 - Napoleon abdicates for the first time in favour of his son.
1818 - Congress decided US flag is 13 red & white stripes & 20 stars
1828 - Casparus van Wooden patents chocolate milk powder (Amsterdam)
1832 - Charles Darwin aboard HMS Beagle reaches Rio de Janeiro
1850 - City of Los Angeles incorporated
1859 - Opera "Dinorah" is produced (Paris)
Naturalist Charles DarwinNaturalist Charles Darwin 1859 - Bryant's Minstrels debut "Dixie" in New York City in the finale of a blackface minstrel show.
1862 - Battle of Yorktown (US Civil War) begins
1862 - US begins Peninsular Campaign aimed at capturing Richmond during US Civil War
1864 - Skirmish at Elkin's Ford (Little Missouri River), Arkansas
1865 - Lee's army arrives at Amelia Courthouse
1866 - Alexander II of Russia narrowly escapes an assassination attempt in the city of Kiev.
1870 - Golden Gate Park forms by City Order #800
1887 - Susanna Medora Salter elected 1st US woman mayor (Argonia, KS)
1896 - Announcement of Gold in Yukon
1899 - South Africa all out 35 vs England (Trott 4-19, Haigh 6-11)
1900 - Assassination attempt on Prince of Wales, later British King Edward VII when shot by Jean-Baptiste Sipido in protest over Boer war
1900 - British garrison of Reddersberg surrenders to Boer general De Wet
1902 - Cecil Rhodes scholarship fund forms with $10 million
1905 - Earthquake in Kangra India, kills 20,000
1911 - Hugh Chalmers, automaker, suggests idea of baseball MVP
1912 - Army fires on striking mine workers at Lena-gold fields Siberia
1912 - Chinese republic proclaimed in Tibet
1913 - The Greek aviator Emmanuel Argyropoulos becomes the first pilot victim of the Hellenic Air Force when his plane crashes.
1914 - "Perils of Pauline" shown for 1st time in LA
1915 - Germany protests vigorously to the US, claiming it must insist that Britain lifts its blockade and assert American neutrality
1916 - US Senate agrees (82-6) to participate in WW I
1918 - Battle of Somme ends
1918 - Food riot in Amsterdam
1920 - Arabs attack Jews in Jerusalem
1921 - Stanley Cup: Ottawa Senators (NHL) beat Vancouver Millionaires (PCHA), 3 games to 2
1922 - WAAB (Baton Rouge La) becomes 1st US radio station with "W" calls
1926 - Greek dictator Theodorus Pangalos elected president
1929 - "New Moon" musical opens in London
1929 - 1st AAU Greco-Roman wrestling championships held
1930 - Andrew Sandham makes Test Cricket 1st triple century
1930 - Les Ames makes the 1st Test Cricket century by a wicketkeeper (149)
1930 - The Communist Party of Panama is founded.
Playwright George Bernard ShawPlaywright George Bernard Shaw 1932 - George Bernard Shaw's "Too True to be Good" premieres in NYC
1932 - Vitamin C 1st isolated, CC King, Univ of Pittsburgh
1933 - US Dirigible Akron crashes off coast of NJ, 73 die
1937 - 4th Golf Masters Championship: Byron Nelson wins, shooting a 283
1938 - 5th Golf Masters Championship: Henry Picard wins, shooting a 285
1939 - Faisal II ascends to throne of Iraq
1940 - R Rodgers/Lorenz Hart's "Higher & Higher" premieres in NYC
1941 - German troops conquer Banghazi
1944 - British troops capture Addis Ababa Ethiopia
Golfer Byron NelsonGolfer Byron Nelson 1944 - De Gaulle forms new regime in exile, with communists
1944 - Allied Bucharest bombings targeting railroads kills 5,000
1945 - Hungary liberated from Nazi occupation (National Day)
1945 - US forces liberated the Nazi death camp Ohrdruf in Germany
1945 - US tanks/infantry conquer Bielefeld
1947 - Convention on International Civil Aviation goes into effect
1947 - Largest group of sunspots on record
1947 - UN's International Civil Aviation Organization forms
1948 - 84-year-old Connie Mack challenges 78-year-old Clark Griffith to a race from home to 1st base; it ends in a tie
Baseball Legend Connie MackBaseball Legend Connie Mack 1949 - Israel & Jordan sign armistice agreement
1949 - North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) treaty signed (Wash DC)
1949 - WKRC TV channel 12 in Cincinnati, OH (ABC) begins broadcasting
1950 - Dirk Stikker becomes chairman of OES
1951 - Dutch Prince Bernhard visits Juan & Eva Peron in Buenos Aires
1953 - KFDA TV channel 10 in Amarillo, TX (CBS) begins broadcasting
1954 - Louise Suggs wins LPGA Carrollton Georgia Golf Open
1955 - British government signs military treaty with Iraq
1956 - Enid Bagnold's "Chalk Garden" premieres in London
1957 - Heitor Villa-Lobos' 10th Symphony, premieres in Paris
1958 - 1st march against nuclear weapons (Aldermaston, England)
1958 - Eugene Ionesco's "Tueur sans Gages" premieres in Darmstadt
1958 - The CND Peace Symbol displayed in public for the first time in London.
1959 - Fed of Mali, consisting of Senegal & French Sudan (dissolved 1960)
Actor Charlton HestonActor Charlton Heston 1960 - 32nd Academy Awards - "Ben-Hur", Charlton Heston & Simone Signoret win
1960 - Oscar awarded to Neth director Bert Haanstra
1960 - Project Ozma begins at Green Bank radio astronomy center
1960 - Senegal declares independence from France
1964 - "Anyone Can Whistle" opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 9 performances
1964 - Beatles' "Can't Buy Me Love" single goes #1 & stays #1 for 5 weeks
1965 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Baton Rouge Golf Invitational
1965 - The first model of the new Saab Viggen fighter aircraft plane is unveiled.
LPGA Golfer Mickey WrightLPGA Golfer Mickey Wright 1966 - Pirate Radio Scotland changes name to Radio Ireland
1966 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1967 - Amsterdam Marines chase out "nozems" of Central Station
1967 - Dutch De Young government forms
1967 - Marines chase "Nozems" out of Amsterdam Central Station
1968 - "Education of Hyman Kaplan" opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 28 perfs
1968 - Apollo 6 launched atop Saturn V; unmanned
1968 - US civil rights activist Martin Luther King Jr. assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 285

188 - Caracalla, Lugdunum Gaul, Roman emperor (198-217)
1492 - Ambrosius Blarer, German reformer (d. 1564)
1527 - Abraham Ortelius, [Ortels/Hortels], South Neth geographer
1572 - William Strachey, English writer (d. 1621)
1593 - Edward Nicholas, English statesman (d. 1669)
1646 - Antoine Galland, French archaeologist (d. 1715)
Roman Emperor CaracallaRoman Emperor Caracalla (188) 1648 - Grinling Gibbons, sculptor/woodcarver
1688 - Joseph-Nicolas Delisle, French astronomer (d. 1768)
1716 - John Evangelist Schreiber, composer
1718 - Benjamin Kennicott, English churchman and Hebrew scholar (d. 1783)
1731 - Francisco Morera, composer
1740 - Wolfgang Nicolaus Haueisen, composer
1752 - Niccolo Antonio Zingarelli, composer (Andromeda)
1755 - Vincenc Masek, composer
1758 - John Hoppner, portrait painter
1758 - Pierre-Paul Prud'hon, French Romantic painter and draughtsman best known for his allegorical paintings and portraits
1762 - Stephen Storace, composer
1772 - Nachman of Breslov, Ukrainian founder of Breslov Hasidut (d. 1810)
1785 - Bettina von Arnim, German writer and composer of the Romantic era (This Book Belongs to the King)
1786 - John Franklin, British explorer (Arctic)
1792 - Thaddeus Stevens, US Radical Republican congressional leader (Rep-R)
1802 - Dorothea Dix, American social activist (d. 1887)
1804 - Joseph Fischhof, composer
1809 - Benjamin Pierce, US mathematician/astronomer
1814 - John Blair Smith Todd, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1872
1817 - John Wilson Sprague, Bvt Mjr General (Union volunteers), died in 1893
1818 - Thomas Mayne Reid, Irish-American novelist (d. 1883)
1819 - Queen Maria II of Portugal (d. 1853)
1820 - Charles Devens Jr, Major General, Bvt (Union volunteers), died in 1891
1821 - Linus Yale, US, portrait painter/inventor (Yale cylinder lock)
1823 - Karl Wilhelm Siemens, inventor (laid undersea cables)
1823 - Robert Byington Mitchell, Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
1826 - Zénobe Gramme, Belgian engineer (d. 1901)
1828 - Margaret Oliphant, Scotland, novelist/biographer (Beleaguered City)
1831 - Edward Cary Walthall, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1898
1832 - Jose Echegaray y Elizaguirre, playwright/scientist (Teatro Escogido)
1836 - Jerome Hopkins, composer
1842 - Edouard Lucas, French mathematician (d. 1891)
1843 - Hans Richter, composer
1846 - Comte de Lautréamont, French writer (d. 1870)
1846 - Raoul Pictet, Geneva, Switzerland, Swiss physicist who invented liquid nitrogen and was a pioneer of cryogenics
1853 - Tad Lincoln, son of U.S. president Abraham Lincoln
1858 - Remy de Gourmont, French poet (d. 1915)
1866 - George P Baker, US playwright (47 Workshop)
1870 - George A Smith, Salt Lake City Utah, 8th pres of Mormon church
1872 - Nikolai Amani, composer
1872 - Pauline de Haan-Manifarges, Dutch singer
1875 - Jozef Szulc, composer
1875 - Pierre Monteux, Paris France, conductor (Boston Symph Orch 1919-24)
1875 - Samuel S Hinds, Brooklyn NY
1876 - Maurice de Vlaminck, Paris, Fauvist painter (Village in the Snow)
1879 - Gabriel Groulez, composer
1881 - Charles Funk, Ohio, Encylopediest (Funk & Wagnalls)
1882 - Mary Howe, composer
1884 - Isoroku Yamamoto, admiral/supreme commander of Japanese fleet
1887 - William Cumming Rose, Greenville South Carolina, American Biochemist who discovered threonine (an amino acid)
1888 - Tris Speaker, baseball great, hit more doubles than Pete Rose
1888 - Zdzisław Żygulski, Sr., Polish literary historian (d. 1975)
1892 - Cyril Smith, Peterhead Scotland, actor (Adv of Sir Lancelot)
1892 - Esther Howard, MT
1895 - Arthur Murray, NYC, dancer (Arthur Murray Dance Party)
1895 - Charlie Hallows, cricket batsman (Lancs played for England 1921-28)
1896 - Robert Sherwood, dramatist (Abe Lincoln in Illinois, Idiot's Delight)
1896 - Tristan Tzara, [Samuel Rosenfeld] French poet (Approximate Man)
1897 - Pierre Fresnay, Paris France, actor (Grand Illusion)
1898 - Agnes Ayres, American actress (d. 1940)
1899 - William Brann, cricketer (South African batsman v England 1922-23)
1901 - Carmel Myers, SF California, actress (Carmel Myers Show)
1902 - Louise L de Vilmorin, French poetess/author (Lutin Sauvage)
1902 - Stanley G. Weinbaum, American science-fiction author (d. 1935)
1905 - Eugene Bozza, composer
1906 - Bea Benaderet, NYC, actress (Kate-Petticoat Junction)
1906 - John Cameron Swayze, Wichita Ks, newscaster (Timex, Hindenberg) [NS]
1907 - Nathan M Pusey, Iowa, educator (Natl Ass for Social Sciences-1963)
1908 - Ernestine Gilbreth Carey, author (Cheaper by the Dozen)
1910 - Agnes Patrick, campaigner
1911 - Max Dupain, Australian photographer (d. 1992)
1913 - Frances Langford, Lakeland Fla, singer (Armed Forces Hour, Star Time)
1913 - Jerome Weidman, US writer (Tenderloin)
1913 - Rosemary Lane, Indianola IA, actress (4 Mothers, Harvest Melody)
Blues Musician Muddy WatersBlues Musician Muddy Waters (1913) 1913 - Muddy Waters, [McKinley Morganfield], American blues guitarist (Hoochie Coochie Man)
1913 - Jules Léger, Quebec diplomat and Governor general of Canada (d. 1980)
1914 - Gustave Camus, Belgian painter
1914 - John Beith, British diplomat
1914 - Marguerite Duras, France, novelist/playwright (Sea Wall)
1915 - Jan Drda, Czech writer (Nema Barikada, Mestecko Na Dlani)
1915 - Lars G Ahlin, Swedish writer (Death of Me)
1916 - David White, actor (Larry Tate-Bewitched)
1916 - Herbert Eugene Caen, columnist
1916 - Nikola Ljubicic, Yugoslav general, Serbian communist politician (d. 2005)
1916 - Mickey Owen, American baseball player (d. 2005)
1917 - Joseph Ortiz, French-Algerian extremist (barricade uprising)
1918 - Earl Jellicoe, chancellor (U of Southhampton)
1919 - Antony Tudor, England, choreographer (Metropolitan Opera 1957)
1920 - Eric Rohmer, Nancy France, actor (6 in Paris, Collector, Perceval)
1921 - Willem J "Wim" the Villiers, S Afr minister of Administration
1922 - Elmer Bernstein, NYC, movie music composer (Robot Monster)
1923 - Manon H E Alving, Dutch actress (Short American)
1923 - Nancy Francy, director (Claire's Knee)
1924 - Christopher Prater, screen printer

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 9 of 9

1625 - Viceroy Frederik Henry marries Amalia countess von Solms-Braunfels
American Statesman George MasonAmerican Statesman George Mason (1750) 1750 - Statesman George Mason (24) weds Ann Eilbeck (16)
1992 - Comedian Sam Kinison (38) weds Malika Souiri at the Candlelight Chapel in Las Vegas
1992 - John Tesh (Entertainment Tonight) marries actress Connie Selleca
1995 - Rapper Tupac Shakur marries Keisha Morris (divorced 1996)
2001 - Actress and model Brooke Shields (35) weds sitcom writer Chris Henchy (37) in Catalina Island, California
2004 - Latina singer Joy Enriquez (25) weds Grammy-winner Rodney Jerkins (26) at the Ritz-Carlton in Laguna Niguel, California
2008 - Singer-songwriter and actress Beyonce Knowles (30) weds rapper Jay-Z (43) at a 13,500-square foot penthouse apartment in New York
Singer Beyoncé KnowlesSinger Beyoncé Knowles (2008) 2014 - TV personality Taylor Armstrong (42) weds attorney John Bluher at the Bel Air Bay Club in Pacific Palisades, California

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 148

397 - Ambrosius, gov of Liguria/bishop of Milan (374-97)/saint, dies
636 - Saint Isidore of Seville, Church Father and the proposed patron of Internet (b. cira 560)
896 - Formosus, Pope (891-96), dies
1229 - Hugo van Pierrepont, bishop of Liege, dies
1284 - Alfonso X, "El Sabio" King of Castile/Leon (1252-84), dies at 62
1292 - Nicholas IV, [Girolamo Masci], Pope (1288-92), dies
1305 - Jeanne of Navarre, wife of Philip IV of France (b. circa 1217)
1393 - Floris van Wevelinkhoven, bishop of Utrecht, dies
1406 - Robert III, King of Scots (1390-1406), dies
1417 - John van Touraine, 1st husband of Jacoba of Bavaria, dies
1536 - Frederick I, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach (b. 1460)
1585 - Caspar de Robles, Spanish viceroy of Frisia, dies at about 57
1588 - Frederik II, King of Denmark/Norway (1559-88), dies at 53
1604 - Thomas Churchyard, poet/pamphleteer, dies
1609 - Charles de L'Ecluse, Flemish botanist (b. 1526)
1617 - John Napier, Scottish mathematician/inventor (logarithms), dies
1643 - Simon Episcopius, [Bisschop], Dutch theologist, dies at 60
1661 - Alexander Leslie, 1st Earl of Leven, Scottish soldier (b. circa 1580)
1662 - Davis Mell, composer, dies at 57
1662 - Leonhart Kern, German sculptor, dies at about 73
1664 - Adam Willaerts, Dutch seascape painter, dies
1701 - Joseph Haines, entertainer and author
1714 - Karel, duke of Berry/French heir to the throne, dies
1734 - Johann C van Erckel, old Catholic theologist, dies at about 79
1743 - Daniel Neal, English historian (b. 1678)
1761 - Theodore Gardelle, Swiss painter and enameler (b. 1722)
1766 - John Taylor, English classical scholar (b. 1704)
1774 - Oliver Goldsmith, Irish poet (She Stoops to Conquer), dies at 17
1784 - Mary Mead, wife of English journalist John Wilkes, dies
1792 - James Sykes, American politician (b. 1725)
1806 - Friedrich Gottlob Fleischer, composer, dies at 84
1807 - Joseph Jerome Le Francais de Lalande, French astronomer, dies
1817 - André Masséna, Duke of Rivoli, Prince d'Essing and Marshal of France (b. 1758)
9th US President William Henry Harrison9th US President William Henry Harrison (1841) 1841 - William Henry Harrison, 9th President of the United States, becomes 1st president to die in office at 68 of pneumonia
1844 - Charles Bulfinch, 1st US pro architect (Mass State House), dies at 80
1846 - Solomon Sibley, American senator from Michigan Territory (b. 1769)
1861 - John McLean, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1785)
1862 - Harmen S Sytstra, Dutch poet/editor (Iduna), dies at 45
1863 - Ludwig Emil Grimm, German painter and engraver (b. 1790)
1864 - Joseph Pitty Couthouy, American naval officer (b. 1808)
1870 - Heinrich Gustav Magnus, German chemist and physicist (b. 1802)
1874 - Charles Ernest Beulé, French archaeologist and politician (b. 1826)
1878 - Richard Brewer, American gunslinger/cowboy (b. 1850)
1879 - Heinrich Wilhelm Dove, German physicist (b. 1803)
1883 - Peter Cooper, American industrialist, inventor and philanthropist (b. 1791)
1884 - Marie Bashkirtseff, Russian artist and diarist (b. 1860)
1889 - Thomas T H Jorissen, historian, dies at 56
1890 - Pierre-Joseph-Olivier Chauveau, Quebec politician (b. 1820)
1890 - Edmond Hébert, French geologist (b. 1812)
1893 - Alphonse LPP de Candolle, Swiss botanist, dies at 86
1900 - Edward VII, King, assassinated
1905 - Constantin Meunier, Belgian painter/sculptor, dies at 73
1908 - Josef Sucher, composer, dies at 64
1919 - William Crookes, English chemist/physicist (Crookes-pipe), dies at 86
1923 - L Martov, [Joulij O Tsederbaum], Russ revolutionary, dies at 49
1923 - John Venn, British mathematician (b. 1834)
1929 - Karl Friedrich Benz, automobile engineer (Mercedes), dies at 84
1930 - Vladimir Majakovski, Russian poet, dies
1931 - George Whitefield Chadwick, composer, dies at 76
1932 - Ottokar T Czernin von und zu Chudenitz, Austrian minister, dies at 59
1932 - Wilhelm Ostwald, physical chemist (Nobel 1909), dies
1934 - Braulio Dueno Colon, composer, dies at 80
1937 - Frantisek X Salda, Czech writer/critic, dies at 69
1938 - Cyril Christiani, cricket wicket keep (WI 1935), dies of malaria at 24
Industrialist André MichelinIndustrialist André Michelin (1941) 1941 - Andre Michelin, French tire manufacturer, dies at 88
1941 - Max Frisch, writer, dies at 29
1943 - Oskar Schlemmer, German painter/sculptor, dies at 54
1943 - Raoul Laparra, composer, dies at 66
1944 - John Peale Bishop, US poet (Undertaker's Garland), dies at 51
1944 - Karel Weis, composer, dies at 82
1947 - William O'Donnell, Irish politician (b. ?)
1951 - Al Christie, Canadian film director and producer (b. 1881)
1951 - George Albert Smith, President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (the LDS or Mormon Church) (b. 1870)
1953 - Carol II, King of Romania (1930-40), dies at 59
1953 - Rachilde, [Marguerite Vallette-Eymery], French author, dies at 93
1957 - E. Herbert Norman, Canadian diplomat (b. 1909)
1958 - Hendrik Heyman, Belgian minister of Nijverheid/mayor, dies at 78
1958 - Johnny Stompanato, American organized crime figure (b. 1925)
1959 - Stanley Snooke, cricketer (bro of S J, duck in South African Test), dies
1961 - Simion Stoilow, Romanian mathematician (b. 1873)
1962 - James Hanratty, executed at Bedford Prison, England, for the murder of Michael Gregsten (b. 1936)
1963 - Endzion Barelli, dies 2 days after winning a boxing match at 18
1963 - Jason Robards Sr, actor (Acapulco), dies at 70
1967 - Mischa Elman, Ukraine/US violinist, dies at 76
1967 - Héctor Scarone, Uruguayan footballer (b. 1898)
1967 - Al Lewis, American songwriter (b. 1901)
Clergyman and Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.Clergyman and Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr. (1968) 1968 - Martin Luther King Jr., assassinated at the Lorraine Hotel in Memphis Tennessee at 39
1970 - Byron Foulger, actor (Capt Nice, Petticoat Junction), dies at 70
1972 - Adam Clayton Powell Jr, (Rep-D-NY), dies at 63
1972 - John A H J S Bruins Slot, co-founder/editor in chief (illegal), dies
1972 - Stefan Wolpe, German composer (Zeus & Elidco), dies at 69
1976 - Harry Nyquist, Swedish contributor to information theory (b. 1889)
1977 - Jeno Zador, composer, dies at 82
1978 - Gino Contilli, composer, dies at 70
1979 - Edgar Buchanan, actor (Uncle Joe-Petticoat Junction), dies at 77
1979 - Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, Pakistani president, hanged in Pakistan at 51
1980 - Red Sovine, American country music singer (b. 1917)
1981 - Brad Johnson, actor (Annie Oakley), dies at 56
1982 - Tsvetan Tsvetanov, composer, dies at 50
Actress Gloria SwansonActress Gloria Swanson (1983) 1983 - Gloria Swanson, actress (Airport 1975), dies of a heart ailment at 84

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