This Day in History for 7th April

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 181

30 - Scholars' estimate of Jesus' crucifixion by Roman troops in Jerusalem
451 - Attila's Huns plunder Metz
529 - First draft of Corpus Juris Civilis (a fundamental work in jurisprudence) is issued by Eastern Roman Emperor Justinian I.
1118 - Pope Gelasius II excommunicated Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor
1348 - Prague U, 1st university in central Europe, formed by Charles IV
1456 - Louis van Burbon becomes prince-bishop of Luik
1498 - Crowd storms Savonarola's convent San Marco Florence, Italy
1509 - France declares war on Venice
1521 - Inquisitor-general Adrian Boeyens bans Lutheran books
1521 - Magelhaes' fleet reaches Cebu
1541 - Francis Xavier leaves Lisbon on a mission to the Portuguese East Indies.
1584 - Ieper surrenders to duke Van Parma
Eastern Roman Emperor Justinian IEastern Roman Emperor Justinian I 1625 - Albrecht von Wallenstein appointed German supreme commander
1645 - Michael Cardozo becomes 1st Jewish lawyer in Brazil
1652 - Dutch establish settlement at Cape Town, South Africa
1655 - Fabio Chigi replaces Pope Innocent X as Alexander VII
1712 - Slave revolt (NYC)
1724 - Johann S Bach's "John Passion" premieres in Leipzig
1739 - Dick Turpin executed in England for horse stealing
1776 - Captain John Barry and the USS Lexington captures the Edward.
1788 - 1st settlement in Ohio, at Marietta
1795 - France adopts the metre as the basic measure of length.
1798 - Mississippi Territory organized
1805 - Premiere of Beethoven's "Eroica" (conducted by himself)
US President & General Andrew JacksonUS President & General Andrew Jackson 1818 - General Andrew Jackson conquers St Marks Fla from Seminole indians
1827 - English chemist John Walker invents wooden matches
1831 - Dom Pedro abdicates to son, Dom Pedro II crowned emperor of Brazil
1860 - Grand duke Frederik I liberalizes laws in Bathe
1862 - Grant defeats Confederates at Battle of Shiloh, Tenn, Island #10 falls
1863 - Battle of Charleston SC, failed Federal fleet attack on Fort Sumter
1865 - Battle of Farmville VA
1868 - Thomas D'Arcy McGee, one of the Canadian Fathers of Confederation is assassinated by the Irish, in one of the few Canadian political assassinations, and only federal politician.
1888 - Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Yellow Face" (BG)
1890 - Completion of the first Lake Biwa Canal.
1891 - Nebraska introduces 8 hour work day
1901 - SDAP demands general voting right/abolishing First Chamber
1902 - Texas Oil Company (Texaco) forms
1906 - Act of Algeciras drawn between Moroccan police & banking business
1906 - Mount Vesuvius erupts and devastates Naples.
1917 - De Falla's ballet "El Sombrero de tres Picos" premieres in Madrid
1917 - James Barries' "Old Lady Shows Her" premieres in London
1919 - 1st parcel of land is purchased for Cleveland Metroparks
1922 - Naval Reserve #3, "Teapot Dome," leased to Harry F Sinclair
29th US President Warren G. Harding29th US President Warren G. Harding 1922 - Warren G. Harding's Interior Secretary, Albert B. Fall, leases the Teapot Dome oil reserves to Harry Sinclair, setting in motion what comes to be known over the next two years as the Teapot Dome scandals
1923 - 1st brain tumor operation under local anesthetic performed (Beth Israel Hospital in NYC) by Dr K Winfield Ney
1923 - Workers Party of America (NYC) becomes official communist party
1926 - Forest fire burns 900 acres & kills 2 (San Luis Obispo California)
1926 - Mussolini's Irish wife breaks his nose
1927 - Using phone lines TV is sent from Wash DC to NYC
1928 - 44-yr old NY Ranger GM Lester Patrick replaces his injured goaltender in a Stanley Cup game, & beats Montreal Maroons 2-1
Italian Dictator Benito MussoliniItalian Dictator Benito Mussolini 1931 - Seals Stadium opens in SF
1933 - 1st 2 NAZI anti-Jewish laws, bars Jews from legal & public service
1933 - 'National Beer Day" Cullen-Harrison act comes into effect legalising sale of low alcohol beer
1933 - University Bridge, Seattle opens for traffic
1934 - In India, Mahatma Gandhi suspended his campaign of civil disobedience
1939 - Italy invades Albania
1940 - 1st black to appear on US stamp (Booker T. Washington)
1940 - 7th Golf Masters Championship: Jimmy Demaret wins, shooting a 280
1941 - British generals O'Connor & Neame captured in North Africa
Education Pioneer Booker T. WashingtonEducation Pioneer Booker T. Washington 1942 - Heavy German assault on Malta
1943 - Adolf Hitler & Benito Mussolini met for an Axis conference in Salzburg
1943 - British/US troops make contact at Wadi Akarit, South-Tunisia
1943 - Lt colonel Claus von Stauffenberg seriously wounded at allied air raid
1943 - NFL adopts free substitution rule
1944 - General Montgomery speaks to generals about invastion plan
1945 - 1st & last assault of German Rammkommando on US bombers
1945 - US B-17s bombs range at Luneburg
1945 - US planes intercept Japanese fleet heading for Okinawa on a suicide superbattleship Yamato & four destroyers were sunk
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf HitlerDictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler 1946 - 10th Golf Masters Championship: Herman Keiser wins, shooting a 282
1946 - Part of East Prussia incorporated into Russian SFSR
1946 - Syria's independence from France is officially recognised.
1948 - World Health Organization forms by UN
1948 - A Buddhist monastery burns in Shanghai, China, leaving twenty monks dead.
1949 - "South Pacific" opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 1928 performances
1951 - 15th Golf Masters Championship: Ben Hogan wins, shooting a 280
1951 - American Bowling Congress begins 1st masters tournament
1951 - US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
Golfer Ben HoganGolfer Ben Hogan 1953 - 1st west-to-east jet transatlantic nonstop flight
1953 - Dag Hammarskjoeld of Sweden elected 2nd UN general-secretary
1954 - German government refuses to recognize DDR
1954 - US President Eisenhower in news conference first to voice fear of a "domino-effect" of communism in Indo-China
1954 - WALB TV channel 10 in Albany, GA (NBC/ABC) begins broadcasting
1956 - 10th NBA Championship: Ph Warriors beat Ft Wayne Pistons, 4 games to 1
1956 - Spain relinquishes her protectorate in Morocco
1957 - 21st Golf Masters Championship: Doug Ford wins, shooting a 283
1957 - Last of NY's electric trolleys completes its final run
1958 - Dodgers erect 42-foot screen in left field at LA Coliseum to cut down on home runs, since it is only 250 feet down the line
1959 - Oklahoma ends prohibition, after 51 years
1959 - Radar 1st bounced off Sun, Stanford Calif
1962 - Umrigar slams 172* v WI at Port-of-Spain in 248 minutes
1962 - Yugoslav ex-president Milovan Djilas returns to jail
Golfer Jack NicklausGolfer Jack Nicklaus 1963 - 27th Golf Masters Championship: Jack Nicklaus wins, shooting a 286
1963 - Yugoslavia proclaimed a Socialistic republic
1963 - Public stock offering of 115,000 shares in Milwaukee Braves withdrawn after only 13,000 shares are sold to 1,600 new investors
1964 - IBM announces the System/360.
1965 - Bevan Congdon makes a stumping as 12th man NZ v Pakistan
1966 - US recovers lost H-bomb from Mediterranean floor (whoops!)
1967 - Israeli/Syrian border fights
1967 - Tom Donahue, SF dj begins new radio format - Progressive (KMPX-FM)
1969 - Dodgers' Bill Singer is credited with 1st official save, against Reds

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 212

1506 - Francis Xavier, saint/Jesuit missionary to India, Malaya, & Japan
1534 - Jose de Anchieta, Spanish jesuit/missionary (Brazilian Tupi-Indians)
1613 - Gerard Dou, Dutch painter (Night School) (d. 1675)
1622 - Louise Hollandine, daughter of King Frederik V & Elizabeth Stuart
1629 - Juan Jose, of Austria, Spanish general/governor of Netherlands
1644 - François de Neufville, duc de Villeroi, French soldier (d. 1730)
1648 - Ferdinand van Kessel, Flemish painter
1648 - John Sheffield, 1st Duke of Buckingham and Normanby, English statesman and poet (d. 1721)
1652 - Pope Clement XII (d. 1740)
1694 - Coelestin Praelisauer, composer
1699 - Andreas Benedikt Praelisauer, composer
1718 - Hugh Blair, Scottish preacher and man of letters (d. 1800)
1727 - Henri Hardouin, composer
1727 - Michel Adanson, French botanist (d. 1806)
1745 - Georg Druschetzky, composer
1748 - Georg Wenzel Ritter, composer
1756 - Charles Felix, King of Sardina (1821-31)
1763 - Domenico Dragonetti, composer
1768 - Karl Theodor Toeschi, composer
1770 - William Wordsworth, England, poet laureate (Prelude)
1772 - F M Charles Fourier, French socialist
1775 - Francis C Lowell, founded 1st raw cotton-to-cloth textile mill
1780 - William Ellery Channing, US, Unitarian clergyman
1786 - William Rufus DeVane King, (D) 13th VP (1853)
1801 - Henry Eagle, Commander (Union Navy), died in 1882
1803 - Flora Tristan, writer
1803 - James Curtiss, Mayor of Chicago (d. 1859)
1805 - Francis Wilkinson Pickens, (Gov-SC, Confederacy), died in 1869
1819 - Hubert Leonard, composer
1822 - Gershom Mott, Major General (Union volunteers)
1826 - Johann Hermann Berens, composer
1841 - Alfred Cogniaux, Belgian botanicus
1841 - Joseph H "Jozef" Neuhuys, painter
1847 - J P Jacobsen, writer
1848 - Randall Thomas Davidson, Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1930)
1851 - Otto Adolf Klauwell, composer
1858 - Adrien H Gerhard, Dutch socialist politician (SDAP)
1859 - Walter Camp, Ct, father of American football (Yale)
1860 - Will Keith Kellogg, American cereal manufacturer (d. 1951)
1869 - David Grandison Fairchild, US, botanist/explorer, brought plants to US
1870 - Gustav Landauer, German socialist
1870 - Joseph Ryeland, Belgian composer/Baron
1872 - William Monroe Trotter, Hyde Park, Massachusetts, newspaper editor and African-American rights activist
1873 - John McGraw, American baseball player and manager (d. 1934)
1878 - C M M Hathorn, cricketer (South African Test centurion in 1905-06)
1878 - Jozef C Bittremieux, Flemish theologist (Virgin & Mother of God)
1882 - Bert "Dainty" Ironmonger, cricketer (belated Australian rep 1928-33)
1882 - Kurt von Schleiger, German chancellor (12/2/32-1/28/33)
1883 - Gino Severini, Italian painter (d. 1966)
1884 - Charles Dodd, English new testament authority
1884 - Louis H N Bosch van Rosenthal, Dutch politician/resistance fighter
1886 - Ed Lafitte, American baseball player (d. 1971)
1890 - Marjory Stoneman Douglas, environmentalist (1st Lady of Everglades)
1891 - Ole Kirk Christiansen, Danish inventor (d. 1958)
1893 - Irene Castle, dancer (leader in anti-vivisection movement)
1893 - Allen Dulles, American Central Intelligence Agency director (d. 1969)
1894 - Gerald Brenan, English writer
1895 - Eduardo Toldra, composer
1895 - Lewis B Combs, naval commander/civil engineer
1896 - Benny Leonard, lightweight boxing champ (1917-25)
1897 - Harald Sigurd Johan Saeverud, composer [OS]
1897 - Walter Winchell, Harlem NYC, newscaster/columnist (Untouchables)
1897 - Erich Loewenhardt, German flying ace of World War I (d. 1918)
1899 - Robert Casadesus, French pianist (d. 1972)
1900 - Tebbs Lloyd Johnson, England, 50K walker (Olympic-bronze-1952)
1905 - Queenie Leonard, American actress (d. 2002)
1908 - Le Duan, Vietnamese politician
1908 - Percy Faith, conductor (Summer Place)
1909 - Robert Charroux, French writer (d. 1978)
1912 - John Adrian Hope, politician/businessman
1913 - Charles Vanik, American politician (d. 2007)
1914 - Sydney Thompson, rock climber
Jazz Musician Billie HolidayJazz Musician Billie Holiday (1915) 1915 - Billie Holiday, [Eleanora Fagan], Philadelphia Pennsylvania, jazz singer (Lady Sings the Blues)
1915 - Henry Kuttner, US, sci-fi author (Dark World, As You Were)
1915 - Stanley Adams, American actor (d. 1977)
1916 - Anthony Caruso, American actor (d. 2003)
1917 - R G Armstrong, Birmingham Ala, actor (T.H.E. Cat), (d. 2012)
1918 - C B Bertie Clarke, cricketer (Barbados & West Indian leg-spinner)
1918 - Peanuts Hucko, Syracuse NY, dixieland clarinetist (Lawrence Welk Show)
1918 - Peter Aryans, [PCJ Vander], Dutch radio actor (Shoot Out)
1918 - Ronald Howard, Norwood England, actor (Naked Edge, Africa-Texas Style)
1918 - Bobby Doerr, American baseball player
1919 - Ralph Flanagan, Loraine Ohio, orchestra leader (Let's Dance)
1919 - Edoardo Mangiarotti, Italian fencer (6x Olympic gold, 1936-1960), (d. 2012)
Musician Ravi ShankarMusician Ravi Shankar (1920) 1920 - Ravi Shankar, Varanasi, British India, musician (the Pandit), (d. 2012)
1920 - Terence Edward Armstrong, polar geographer
1922 - Kenneth Howard Peacock, composer
1922 - Mongo Santamaria, Cuban musician (d. 2003)
1924 - Ikuma Dan, composer
1924 - Nick Perito, Denver Colorado, orchestra leader (Don Knotts Show, Big Show)
1924 - Johannes Mario Simmel, Austrian writer
1926 - Johannes Rood, Dutch immunologist (Eurotransplant)
1927 - Babatunde Olatunji, Nigerian drummer (d. 2003)
1928 - Alan J Pakula, director (All the President's Men, Klute)
1928 - James Garner, Norman Oklahoma, actor (Rockford Files, Bret Maverick)
1928 - James White, UK, sci-fi author (Star Surgeon, Star Healer)
Gangster Joe GalloGangster Joe Gallo (1929) 1929 - "Crazy" Joe Gallo, Brooklyn New York, American mobster
1929 - Bob Denard, French mercenary (d. 2007)
1930 - Andrew Sachs, actor (Manuel-Fawlty Towers)
1931 - Daniel Ellsberg, whistleblower (Pentagon Papers)/patriot

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 6 of 6

Country Singer Jimmie RodgersCountry Singer Jimmie Rodgers (1920) 1920 - Country singer Jimmie Rodgers (22) weds Carrie Williamson
1921 - French president Charles de Gaulle (30) weds Yvonne Vendroux (20)
1940 - Writer Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn (21) weds Natalya Reshetovskaya
1979 - Country singer Rosanne Cash (23) weds singer-songwriter Rodney Crowell (28)
2003 - Academy Award "Gladiator" actor Russell Crowe (39) weds singer Danielle Spencer (32) at his 560-acre cattle farm in Nana Glen, New South Wales, Australia
2007 - "Scrubs" actor John C. McGinley (47) weds yoga instructor Nichole Kessler at their home in Malibu

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 1 of 1

Actress Shannen DohertyActress Shannen Doherty (1994) 1994 - Shannen Doherty files for divorce from Ashley Hamilton

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 114

30 - Jesus Christ, crucified, according to astronomer Schaefer, dies
924 - Berengarius I, Emperor of Italy, murdered
1307 - Joan of Acre, daughter of Edward I of England (b. 1271)
1444 - John Capreolus, French theologist (Libri IV), dies at about 50
1498 - Charles VIII, King of France (1483-98), dies at 27
1524 - Philip of Burgundy, bishop of Utrecht, dies
1614 - El Greco, Greek-born artist working in Spain (b. 1541)
1638 - Shimazu Tadatsune, Japanese ruler of Satsuma (b. 1576)
1651 - Lennart Torstenson, Swedish soldier and engineer (b. 1603)
1658 - Juan Eusebio Nieremberg, Spanish mystic (b. 1595)
1661 - Sir William Brereton, 1st Baronet, English soldier and politician (b. 1604)
1663 - Francis Cooke, Mayflower pilgrim (b. c. 1583)
1668 - William Davenant, English poet (b. 1606)
1719 - Jean-Baptiste de la Salle, French priest/theory/saint, dies at 67
1739 - Dick Turpin, English highwayman (hanged) (b. 1706)
1747 - Leopold I, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau, Prussian field marshal (b. 1676)
1766 - Tiberius Hemsterhuis, Dutch classicist, dies at 81
1767 - Franz Sparry, composer, dies at 51
1768 - Michel Mathieu, composer, dies at 78
1778 - Johann Balthasar Kehl, composer, dies at 52
1782 - Taksin, King of Thailand (b. 1734)
1783 - Ignaz Jakob Holzbauer, composer, dies at 71
1789 - Peter Camper, anatomist/animal scholar, dies at 66
1789 - Abd-ul-Hamid I, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1725)
1801 - Noël François de Wailly, French lexicographer (b. 1724)
1803 - [Francois D] Toussaint L'Ouverture/Haitian revolutionary, dies
1810 - Pieter L van de Kasteele, Dutch politician/patriot, dies at 61
1811 - Garsevan Chavchavadze, Georgian diplomat and politician (b. 1757)
1823 - Jacques Charles, French chemist (b. 1746)
1833 - Antoni Henryk Radziwill, Lithuanian/Polish composer, dies at 57
1836 - William Godwin, English political writer (b. 1756)
1842 - Henrik A Bjerregaard, Norw writer/poet (Fjeldeventyret), dies at 50
1850 - William Lisle Bowles, English poet (14 Sonnets), dies at 87
1858 - Anton Diabelli, Austria publisher/composer, dies at 76
1862 - Sydney Nelson, composer, dies at 62
1868 - D'Arcy McGee, Canadian journalist and Father of Confederation (b. 1825)
1871 - Alexander, grandson of English queen Victoria, dies at 1 day old
1871 - Wilhelm Freiherr von Tegetthoff, Aus adm (Helgoland/Lissa), dies at 43
1871 - Alexander Lloyd, Mayor of Chicago (b. 1805)
1875 - Georg Herwegh, writer, dies at 57
1877 - Errico Petrella, composer, dies at 63
1880 - Diederich Krug, composer, dies at 58
1881 - Pierre Napoleon Bonaparte, Corsican MP, dies at 65
1884 - Maria van Ackere-Doolaeghe, Flemish poet (Avondlamp), dies at 80
1885 - Carl Theodor Ernst von Siebold, German physiologist (b. 1804)
1891 - Phineas T Barnum, US circus promoter (B & Bailey), dies at 88
1917 - Spyridon Filiskos Samaras, composer, dies at 53
1920 - Karl Binding, German jurist (b. 1841)
1928 - Alexander Bogdanov, Russian physician and philosopher (b. 1873)
1932 - Erv A Kelley, US policeman, shot to death by Pretty Boy Floyd
1933 - Jan Erik/Eric Jan Hanussen, Berlin astrologist/illusionist, murdered
1934 - William Monroe Trotter, African, dies on 62nd birthday in Boston
1939 - Joseph Lyons, tenth Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1879)
1943 - Jovan Ducic, Serbian poet (Blue Legends), dies at 72
1943 - Alexandre Millerand, President of France (b. 1859)
1950 - Walter Huston, dies at 66
1955 - Theda Bara, actress (Camille, Cleopatra, 2 Orphans), dies at 62
1958 - Judge Jackson, composer, dies at 75
1958 - Klimenty Arkad'yevich Korchmaryov, composer, dies at 58
1961 - Jesus Guridi, composer, dies at 74
1961 - Marian Jordan, radio comedienne (Fibber McGee & Molly), dies at 62
1961 - Yusef Greiss, composer, dies at 61
1967 - Anne Morrison Chapin, dies in West Hollywood
1968 - Jim Clark, two-time F1 World Champion and winner of the Indianapolis 500, dies in a racing accident during a Formula 2 race at Hockenheim, Germany at 32
1970 - Josina Machel, wife of Mozambique's 1st pres Samora Machel, dies
1971 - Charles F Pahud de Mortanges, (Olympic-gold-1928, 32), dies at 74
Gangster Joe GalloGangster Joe Gallo (1972) 1972 - "Crazy" Joe Gallo, American mobster, killed at his 43rd birthday party by rival mobsters
1972 - Abeid Karume, Tanzanian sheik/president, murdered
1972 - Victor Wong, actor (Mission to Moscow, King Kong) dies at 65
1973 - Nick Stuart, bandleader, dies of cancer at 69
1976 - Mary Margaret McBride, TV hostess (Mary Margaret McBride), dies at 76
1977 - Siegfried Buback, German FR procureur-genl, murdered attorney-general
1978 - Ernest Kanitz, composer, dies at 83
1979 - Bruno Apitz, writer, dies at 78
1981 - Kit Lambert, British record producer and manager (The Who) (b. 1935)
1982 - Brenda Benet, actress (Track of Thunder), commits suicide by gun at 36
1982 - Harald Ertl, Austrian racing driver (b. 1948)
1983 - Gavin Gordon, television actor (Romance, Lone Cowboy), dies at 82
1984 - Frank Church, (Sen-D-Ohio, 1957-81), dies at 59
1984 - Samuel C Engel, poet, dies of heart failure at 79
1987 - Maxine Sullivan, [Williams], US actress (Going Places), dies at 75
1988 - Cesar Bresgen, Austrian composer/organist, dies at 74
1989 - Tikhon Toropets, patriarch of Russian Orthodox/saint, dies at 123(?)
1992 - Alix Talton, former Miss Georgia, dies of lung cancer at 72
1992 - Clovis Ruffin, fashion designer (T shirt dress), dies of AIDS at 46
1992 - Rick Emery, dies after long illness at 39
1993 - Max Croiset, Dutch actor/dramatist/director (Zeekant), dies at 80
1993 - Richard Schmiechen, dies of AIDS at 45
1993 - S C (Billy) Griffith, cricketer (England 1948-49, MCC sect), dies
1994 - Agathe Uwilingiyimana, PM of Rwanda, assassinated
1994 - Angelus Gottfried "Golo" Mann, German/US historian, dies at 85
1994 - Arthur Gordon Clough, journalist, dies at 59
1994 - Evert Hartman, Dutch writer (War Without Friends), dies at 56
1994 - Francois de Grossouvre, Pres Mitterrand advisor, suicide at 76
1994 - Lee Brilleaux, British R&B-singer/guitarist (Dr Feelgood), dies of lymphoma at 41
1994 - Albert Guðmundsson, Icelandic footballer and politician (b. 1923)
1995 - Philip Vincent Belloc Jebb, architect, dies at 68
1996 - Ian Spurling, ballet designer, dies at 59
1997 - Luis Aloma, Cuban baseball player (b. 1923)
1997 - Georgi Shonin, Soviet cosmonaut (b. 1935)

<< 6th April

— On this Day in History —

8th April >>


Search On this Day in History

Day  Month  Year  Type

Keyword(s)