This Day in History for 8th April

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 163

217 - Roman Emperor Caracalla is assassinated (and succeeded) by his Praetorian Guard prefect, Marcus Opellius Macrinus.
1093 - The new Winchester Cathedral is dedicated by Walkelin.
1139 - Roger II of Sicily is excommunicated.
1149 - Pope Eugene III takes refuge in the castle of Ptolemy II of Tusculum.
1195 - Alexius III Angelus drives out brother Isaak II as Byzantine emperor
1271 - In Syria, sultan Baybars conquers the Krak of Chevaliers (a fortress near Homs).
1341 - Francesco Petrarca crowned in Rome
1378 - Bartolomeo Prignano elected as Pope Urban VI
1455 - Alfonso de Borgia elected as Pope Callistus III
1500 - Battle at Novara: King Louis XII beats duke Ludovico Sforza
1513 - Explorer Juan Ponce de Leon claimed Florida for Spain
Duke of Milan Ludovico SforzaDuke of Milan Ludovico Sforza 1730 - 1st Jewish congregation in US forms synagogue, "Shearith Israel, NYC"
1759 - British troops chase French out of Masulipatam India
1766 - 1st fire escape patented, wicker basket on a pulley & chain
1767 - Ayutthaya kingdom falls to Burmese invaders.
1781 - Premiere of Mozart's violin sonata K379
1783 - Catharina II of Russia annexes the Crimea. [What goes around comes around.]
1789 - First meeting of the US House of Representatives
1796 - Carl Friedrich Gauss, German mathematician, proves the quadratic reciprocity law (the ability to determine the solvability of any quadratic equation in modular arithmetic)
Mathematician, Astronomer, and Physicist Carl Friedrich GaussMathematician, Astronomer, and Physicist Carl Friedrich Gauss 1801 - Soldiers riot in Bucharest, kill 128 Jews
1802 - French Protestant church becomes state-supported & -controlled
1808 - The Roman Catholic Diocese of Baltimore was promoted to an archdiocese, with the founding of the dioceses of New York, Philadelphia, Boston, and Bardstown (now Louisville) by Pope Pius VII.
1820 - The Venus de Milo is discovered on the Aegean island of Melos.
1832 - Charles Darwin begins trip through Rio de Janeiro
1838 - Steamship "Great Western" maiden voyage (Bristol, England, to NYC)
1848 - 1st battle at Gioto: Sardinia-Piemonte beats Austrians
1848 - Battle at Xaquixaguana, Peru: Pedro de la Gasca beats Gonzalo Pizarro
Naturalist Charles DarwinNaturalist Charles Darwin 1861 - US mint at Dahlonega, Georgia, seized by confederacy (US Civil War)
1862 - John D Lynde patents aerosol dispenser
1864 - Battle of Mansfield, La; Federals routed by Gen Richard Taylor
1866 - Italy and Prussia ally against Austria-Hungary.
1869 - American Museum of Natural History opens (NYC)
1876 - Amiliare Ponchielli's opera "La Gioconda" premieres in Milan
1879 - Khedive Ismael of Egypt fires French/British ministers
1879 - Milk was sold in glass bottles for 1st time
1886 - William Ewart Gladstone introduces the first Irish Home Rule Bill into the British House of Commons.
British Prime Minister William GladstoneBritish Prime Minister William Gladstone 1886 - First Home Rule Bill for Ireland presented by Gladstone, the Liberal Prime Minister of Britain, to the House of Commons
1893 - The Critic reports that ice cream soda is our national drink
1898 - Battle of Atbara River, Anglo-Egyptian forces crush 6,000 Sudanese
1902 - Russia and China sign the Convention of Evacuation under which Russia agrees to evacuate Manchuria within 18 months
1902 - Growing unrest in Belgian society as people demand better education, better work and living conditions, the right to strike and universal male suffrage, culminate in a demonstration organised by Socialists. In the rioting that ensues, many Belgians are killed
1904 - Great Britain and France establish their Entente Cordiale, a technical treaty settling long-standing disagreements over Morocco, Egypt, Africa, and the Pacific
1904 - British mystic Aleister Crowley transcribes the first chapter of the Book of the Law.
1908 - Lord Asquith succeeds Henry Campbell-Bannerman as British premier
1912 - Steamers collide in Nile, drowning 200
1913 - 17th amendment, requiring direct election of senators, ratified
1913 - Opening of China's 1st parliament takes place in Peking (now Beijing)
1914 - US & Colombia sign a treaty concerning Panama Canal Zone
1916 - Norway approves active & passive female suffrage
1916 - In Corona, California, racecar driver Bob Burman crashes, killing three and badly injuring five spectators.
1920 - LONGA soccer team forms in Tilburg
1924 - South African State pass the Industrial Conciliation Act No 11: the act provided for job reservation, excluded blacks from membership of registered trade unions,and prohibited registration of black trade unions
1929 - Indian Independence Movement: At the Delhi Central Assembly, Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt throw handouts and bombs to court arrest.
1931 - "White Horse Inn" opens in London
1931 - Dmitri Shostakovitch's ballet "The Arrow" premieres
1933 - Manchester Guardian warns of unknown Nazi terror
1935 - 2nd Golf Masters Championship: Gene Sarazen wins, shooting a 282
1935 - Bartoks 5th String quartet premieres in Wash DC
1935 - Works Progress Administration approved by Congress
1939 - ACV soccer team forms in Axes
1939 - King Zog I of Albania flees
1940 - German battle cruisers sink British aircraft carrier Glorious
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion Joe LouisBoxer and World Heavyweight Champion Joe Louis 1941 - Joe Louis TKOs Tony Musto in 9 for heavyweight boxing title
1942 - A Schoenberg & Tudor's ballet "Pillar of Fire" premieres in NYC
1943 - Hakuun Yasutani Roshi, founder of Sanbo Kyodan, receives dharma
1943 - Stanley Cup: Detroit Red Wings sweep Boston Bruins in 4 games
1943 - U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt, in an attempt to check inflation, freezes wages and prices, prohibits workers from changing jobs unless the war effort would be aided thereby, and bars rate increases to common carriers and public utilities.
1945 - Nazi occupiers executed, Nazi general Christiansen flees Netherlands
32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt 1946 - League of Nations assembles for last time
1947 - Largest recorded sunspot (7,000) observed
1948 - Soen Nakagawa & Nyogen Senzaki (Zen teachers) meet in SF
1950 - "Miss Liberty" closes at Imperial Theater NYC after 308 performances
1952 - US President Harry Truman seizes steel mills to avert a strike
1953 - Dag Hammarskjoeld chosen as secretary-general of UN
1953 - Jomo Kenyatta convicted of involvement with Mau Mau and sentenced to 7 years in Kenya
1954 - "By the Beautiful Sea" opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 270 perfs
1956 - 20th Golf Masters Championship: Jack Burke Jr wins, shooting a 289
Kenyan Prime Minister and President Jomo KenyattaKenyan Prime Minister and President Jomo Kenyatta 1956 - 6 marine recruits drown during exercise at Paradise Is SC
1956 - M Bandaranaike's People's front wins election in Ceylon
1960 - Neth & Germany sign accord concerning war casualties
1960 - US Senate passes Civil Rights Bill with measures against discriminatory voting pracrices
1961 - "Show Girl" closes at Eugene O'Neill Theater NYC after 100 perfs
1961 - British liner "Dara" explodes in Persian Gulf, kills 236
1962 - Accords of Evian (Algeria) accepted by referendum in France
1963 - 35th Academy Awards - "Lawrence of Arabia", Anne Bancroft & Gregory Peck win
Actor Gregory PeckActor Gregory Peck 1963 - Tigers claim young pitcher Denny McLain from the White Sox for $25,000
1964 - Unmanned Gemini 1 launched
1966 - AFL chooses 36 year old Al Davis as commissioner
1966 - Leonid Brezhnev elected secretary-general of communist party
1966 - OAO 1, 1st orbiting astronomical observatory, launched
1968 - 40th Academy Awards postponed to Apr 10th due to death of Martin Luther King
1968 - Baseball's Opening Day is postponed because of Martin Luther King's assassination
1968 - Czechoslovakia Cernik government forms
1968 - New socialist constitution of East Germany takes effect
American Football Coach and Executive Al DavisAmerican Football Coach and Executive Al Davis 1968 - WKPI TV channel 22 in Pikeville, KY (PBS) begins broadcasting
1968 - Gangsters Henry Hill and Jimmy Burke commit the Air France robbery, stealing $420,000
1969 - 1st Baseball game in Canada - Mont Expos beats NY Mets 10-9
1969 - Expansion teams Royals, Expos, Padres & Pilots win their 1st games
1970 - "Cry for Us All" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 8 performances
1970 - Senate rejects Nixon's nomination of Carswell to Supreme Court

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 240

1320 - King Peter I of Portugal (d. 1367)
1460 - Ponce de Leon, Spain, searched for fountain of youth, found Florida
1533 - Claudio Merulo, organist/composer
1541 - Michele Mercati, Italian physician (d. 1593)
1582 - Phienas Fletcher, poet
1605 - Louis de Vadder, Flemish painter
1605 - Philip IV, King of Spain & Portugal (1621-65)
1631 - Cornelis de Heem, painter
1641 - Henry Sydney, 1st Earl of Romney, English statesman (d. 1704)
1642 - Gerard Callenbach, Dutch admiral
1655 - Louis Willem I, Margrave (Baden-Baden)
1692 - Giuseppe Tartini, Italy, violinist/composer (Trillo del Diavolo)
1695 - Johann C Gunther, writer
1697 - Pierre Prowo, composer
1708 - Georg Zarth, composer
1726 - Lewis Morris, US farmer (signed Decl of Independence)
1731 - William Williams, US merchant (signed Decl of Independence)
1732 - David Rittenhouse, American astronomer, inventor, and mathematician (d. 1796)
1741 - Jose B da Gama, Portuguese poet (O Uraguai)
1756 - Joseph Gehot, composer
1775 - Adam A earl von Neipperg, Austrian general/Napoleon's wife Marie lover
1776 - Thaddaus Weigl, composer
1783 - John Claudius, London England, horticulturist
1798 - Dionysios Solomos, poet
1816 - Frederick William Burton, painter
1818 - Christaan IX, king of Denmark (1863-1906)
1826 - Pancha Carrasco, Costa Rican war heroine (d. 1890)
1827 - Ramón Emeterio Betances, Puerto Rican politician, medical doctor and diplomat (d. 1898)
1828 - George Baird Hodge, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
1831 - Allard Pierson, Dutch theologiost/philosopher/art historian/poet
1832 - Alfred von Waldersee, Prussian fieldmarshal
1842 - Elizabeth Bacon Custer, wife of George Armstrong Custer (d. 1933)
1843 - Asger Hamerik, [Hammerich], composer
1850 - William Henry Welch, US, pathologist (founded John Hopkins)
1859 - Edmund Husserl, Germany, philosopher (founded Phenomenology)
1865 - Charles W. Woodworth, American entomologist (d. 1940)
1869 - Harvey Cushing, US, neurosurgeon (blood pressure studies)
1871 - Clarence Hudson White American photographer (d. 1925)
1874 - Stanisław Taczak, Polish general (d. 1960)
1875 - Albert I LCMM von Saksen-Coburg, king of Belgium (1909-34)
1878 - Rudolf Nelson, composer
1880 - Victor Schertzinger, composer/director (Uptown NY)
1881 - Fernand Lamy, composer
1883 - R. P. Keigwin, English academic (d. 1972)
1885 - Dimitrios Levidis, composer
1886 - Margaret A Barnes, writer
Pioneering Golfer Jim BarnesPioneering Golfer Jim Barnes (1886) 1886 - Jim Barnes, Lelant Cornwall, English golfing pioneer (4 major wins)
1887 - Walter Connolly, Cincinnati OH, actor (Good Earth, 5th Avenue Girl)
1888 - Dennis Chavez, American politician (d. 1964)
1889 - Adrian Boult, Chester England, conductor/composer (BBC Sym Orch)
1892 - Mary Pickford, [Gladys Smith], actress (Poor Little Rich Girl)
1892 - Richard Neutra, American architect (d. 1970)
1893 - Grace Cunard, Columbus OH, silent screen actress (Resurrection)
1893 - Henri Puvrez, Belgian sculptor (Sereniteit)
1895 - Bert I Gordon, NY
Actress Mary PickfordActress Mary Pickford (1892) 1895 - Sigurdur Thordarson, composer
1896 - Karl Hermann Pillney, composer
1896 - Yip Harburg, American lyricist (d. 1981)
1897 - Herbert Eimert, German composer/musicologist (Glockenspiel)
1898 - Achiel H Acker, Belgian premier (1945-46, 1954-58)
1898 - Cecil [Maurice] Bowra, British classics expert (Greek experience)
1902 - Arthur Wellard, cricketer (big hitting Somerset & England batsman)
1902 - Josef Krips, Vienna Austria, conductor (London Symph 1954-63)
1903 - Ilka Chase, NYC, actress (Masquerade Party, Trials of O'Brien)
1904 - John Antill, composer
1904 - John R Hicks, British economist (Nobel 1972)
1905 - George Baxter, Paris France, actor (Flying Saucer, Lili, Caged)
1905 - Hans Scherfig, Danish marxist/writer (Idealister, Frydenholm)
1905 - Helen B M Fennell Joseph, anti-apartheid writer (Side by Side)
1905 - Pierre Wigny, Belgian minister of Foreign affairs (1958-61) [or 4/18]
1906 - Charles J B Jonckheere, Flemish poet/writer (Mirror of the Sea)
1906 - Raoul Jobin, French Canadian tenor (d. 1974)
1907 - Maurice Stacey, chemist
1908 - Neil Lawson, British high court judge
1909 - George Dixon, trumpet/sax
1909 - Olavi Pesonen, composer
1909 - William James Millar Mackenzie, political scientist
1910 - George Musso, NFL guard (Chicago Bears)
1910 - Wendell Bill, cricketer (NSW bat 1929-36 Century on debut 1930)
1911 - Douglas Hyde, socialist/Christian
1911 - Emil Mihai Cioran, writer/aphorist
1911 - Melvin Calvin, US chemist (photosynthesis, Nobel 1961)
1912 - Sonja Henie, Oslo Norway, ice skater/actress (Olympic-gold-1928,32,36)
1912 - Alois Brunner, Austrian Nazi
1913 - H Ernst, bishop (Breda Neth)
1914 - John Cameron, cricketer (brother of Jimmy WI v-capt 1939 England tour)
1914 - María Félix, Mexican actress (d. 2002)
US First Lady Betty FordUS First Lady Betty Ford (1918) 1918 - Betty [Bloomer] Ford, US 1st lady (1974-77) and founder of the Betty Ford Center clinic (d. 2011)
1918 - Glendon Swarthout, American author (d. 1992)
1919 - [Douglas] Ian Smith, premier of Rhodesia (1964-..)
1920 - Carmen McRae (Clark), US jazz singer/pianist (Dream of Life)
1920 - Erik Pausin, Austria, figure skating pairs (Olympics-silver-1936)
1921 - Alfie Bass, London England, actor (Moonraker, Are You Being Served)
1921 - Jan Novak, composer
1921 - Virginia O'Brien, Los Angeles California, actress/singer (Gus, Ziegfeld Follies)
1923 - Edward Mulhare, Cork Ireland, actor (Daniel Gregg-Ghost & Mrs Muir)
1923 - Franco Corelli, Italian tenor (Don Jose-Carmen)
1923 - George Fisher, American cartoonist (d. 2003)
1924 - Frédéric Back, German-born Canadian short film director and screenwriter
1924 - Sir Anthony Farrar-Hockley, English soldier and historian (d. 2006)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 9 of 9

1716 - Duke Karel Leopold of Mecklenburg-Schwerin signs covenant with Russia & marries Tsar Peter the Great's niece
US Defector General Benedict ArnoldUS Defector General Benedict Arnold (1779) 1779 - US Defector General Benedict Arnold (38) weds Peggy Shippen (18) at Shippen's townhouse in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
1907 - Industrialist Henry J. Kaiser (24) weds Bess Fosburgh in Boston, Massachusetts
1989 - Entertainment Tonight's Mary Hart marries producer Burt Sugarman
2006 - "All of Us" TV actress LisaRaye McCoy (38) weds Chief Minister of the Turks and Caicos Michael Misick (40) in an $1.5 million beachside wedding in Caribbean
2006 - Former Miss USA and "Eve" actress Ali Landry (32) weds film director Alejandro Gomez Monteverde (28) in San Miguel de Allende, Mexico
2006 - Two-time Latin Grammy Award-winning Spanish gypsy singer Rosario Flores (42) weds "Kingdom of Heaven" first assistant director Pedro Lazaga on a small village Canos de Meca in Cadiz, Spain
Industrialist Henry J. KaiserIndustrialist Henry J. Kaiser (1907) 2006 - Spanish model and actress Ines Sastre (32) weds Alexandro Corrias at Brompton Oratory in South Kensington, London
2012 - American actress and television host Ricki Lake (42) weds jewerly designer Christian Evans in a secret ceremony at Southern California

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 113

Roman Emperor CaracallaRoman Emperor Caracalla (217) 217 - Caracalla, Roman emperor (198-217), murdered at 29
956 - Gilbert of Chalon, Duke of Burgundy
1143 - John II Comnenus, Emperor of Byzantium (1118-43), dies in an accident
1364 - John II, the Good, King of France (1350-64), dies at 44
1461 - Georg Purbach, German mathematician and astronomer (b. 1423)
1498 - Charles VIII, King of France (1483-98), beheaded at 27
1537 - Willem Aerts, Flemish architect, dies
1586 - Martin Chemnitz, Lutheran reformer and theologian (b. 1522)
1587 - John Foxe, English writer (b. 1516)
1629 - Willem Teellinck, Dutch theologist/vicar, dies at 50
1697 - Niels Juel, Danish admiral (b. 1629)
1704 - Hiob Ludolf, German orientalist (b. 1624)
1704 - Henry Sydney, 1st Earl of Romney, English statesman (b. 1641)
1725 - John Wise, English clergyman (b. 1652)
1735 - Francis II Rákóczi, leader of the Hungarian uprising against the Habsburg (b. March 27, 1676)
1736 - Pedro Vaz Rego, composer, dies at 63
1759 - Francois de La Croix, composer, dies at 76
1778 - Pieter Teyler van der Hulst, Dutch founder (Teyler Museum), dies at 76
1794 - Marie-Jean-Antoine-Nicholas-Caritat, mathematician dies
1844 - Ignaz Franz von Mosel, composer, dies at 72
1848 - Domenico Gaetano Maria Donizetti, Italian composer, dies at 50
1851 - John Parry, composer, dies at 75
1853 - Jan W Pieneman, historical painter (Battle at Waterloo), dies at 73
1857 - Mangal Pandey, Indian soldier (b. 1827)
1858 - Anton Diabelli, Austrian composer/publisher, dies at 76
1861 - Elisha G Otis, US elevator builder (Otis), dies at 50
1863 - Joseph Netherclift, composer, dies at 70
1865 - John Park, composer, dies at 61
1870 - Charles-Auguste de Beriot, Belgian violinist/composer, dies at 68
1871 - Charles-Louis Hanssens, composer, dies at 68
1889 - Henry Jupp, cricketer (scored 63 on Test debut for Engl in 1877), dies
1890 - Junius Morgan, philanthropist, dies at 76
1894 - Bankim C Chattopadhyaya, writer (Mrinalini, Anandamath), dies at 55
1897 - George Garrett, composer, dies at 62
1897 - Heinrich von Stephan, UK politician, dies
1902 - Sipyagain, Russian min of interior/headed Secret Service, assassinated
1906 - Auguste D, First recorded Alzheimer's victim (b. 1950)
1919 - Loránd Eötvös, Hungarian physicist (b. 1848)
1920 - Charles Tomlinson Griffes, US composer (White Peacock), dies at 35
1921 - Earnest von Possart, German actor/stage manager, dies
1931 - Eric Axel Karlfeldt, poet, dies
1935 - Edwin Cannan, economist, dies
1936 - Robert Bárány, Austrian physician, Nobel laureate (b. 1876)
1937 - Arthur William Foote, US organist/composer, dies at 84
1937 - William Henry Hadow, composer (Studies in Modern Music), dies at 77
1938 - Harold Baumgartner, cricketer (took 2-99 lefty in test for S Af), dies
1942 - Alfred Mombert, writer, dies
1942 - Kostas Skarvelis, Greek songwriter (b. 1880)
1943 - Paul Colin, Belgian journalist/collaborator, executed
1943 - Richard Sears, 1st to win US amateur national tennis match, dies at 81
Ford Motor Company Founder Henry FordFord Motor Company Founder Henry Ford (1947) 1947 - Henry Ford, US industrialist (Ford cars), dies at 83
1948 - Josef B Kjellgren, Swedish writer (Guldkedjan), dies at 40
1950 - Albert Ehrenstein, Austria writer (Strum), dies at 63
1950 - Vaslav Fromich Nijinsky, Ukrainian ballet dancer, dies in London
1957 - Frank Chester, cricketer (distinguished 1-armed Engl Test ump), dies
1958 - Ethel Turner, Australian author (b. 1872)
1959 - Gustave Charlier, Belgian literature historian, dies
1963 - Len Tuckett, cricketer (no runs no wkts in 1 Test for S A), dies
1965 - Erik A Blomberg, Swedish art historian/poet/author, dies at 70
1965 - Jack Durston, cricketer (one Test for England, 4-102 & 1-34), dies
1965 - Lars Hanson, Swedish actor (Flesh & Devil), dies after illness at 78
1966 - George Creten, Belgian sculptor/painter, dies at 79
1969 - Arthur Walter Kramer, composer, dies at 78
1969 - Denton Cooley, got 1st fully artificial heart, dies at 48
1970 - Marie V Felix, Prince of Luxemburg, dies
Artist Pablo PicassoArtist Pablo Picasso (1973) 1973 - Pablo (Ruiz y) Picasso, Spanish/French painter (Guernica), dies at 91
1974 - James Charles McGuigan, Catholic archbishop of Toronto (b. 1894)
1976 - Phil Ochs, rock producer (Joe Hill), dies at 35
1977 - Frank Milan, actor (Witness), dies at 71
1978 - Ford C Frick, baseball commissioner, dies at 83
1981 - Norman Taurog, dies
1981 - Omar Bradley, last US 5-star general, (Normandy) dies in NY at 88
1984 - Pyotr Kapitsa, Russian physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1894)
1985 - J. Fred Coots, American songwriter (b. 1897)
1986 - Yukiko Okada, Japanese idol singer (b. 1967)
1987 - Francis C Denebrink, US Naval officer (WW I, WW II, Korea) dies at 90
1990 - Doreen Sloane, dies
1990 - Jose De Vega, dies of AIDS at 56
1990 - Ryan White, hemophiliac aids sufferer, dies at 18
1991 - Dead (musician), Swedish metal singer (b. 1969)
1992 - Nelson Olmstead, dies at 78
1992 - Daniel Bovet, Swiss-born pharmacologist, Nobel laureate (b. 1907)
1993 - Arleen Whelan, dies of stroke at 78
1993 - H Earnest, bishop of Breda, dies
1993 - Marian Anderson, US contralto (My Lord, What a Morning), dies at 96
1994 - Frank Wells, president (Disney), dies in helicopter crash
1994 - Irene Eisinger, singer, dies at 91
1994 - Walter Arnold, Germ theologist (World council of Churches), dies at 64
1994 - François Rozet, French Canadian actor (b. 1899)
1995 - Maurice Allom, cricketer (14 Test wickets-NZ debut hat-trick), dies
1996 - Basil Hembry, farmer/campaigner, dies at 80
1996 - Ben Johnson, cowboy actor (Tex, Dillinger), dies of heart attack at 77
1996 - Charles Donald Adams, singer, dies at 67
1996 - Ben Johnson, American actor (b. 1918)
1997 - Laura Nyro, singer, dies of ovarian cancer at 49
Actress Claire TrevorActress Claire Trevor (2000) 2000 - Claire Trevor, American actress (b. 1910)
2002 - María Félix, Mexican actress (b. 1914)
2004 - Enda Colleran, Gaelic footballer (b. 1941)
2005 - Eddie Miksis, American baseball player (b. 1926)
2005 - Onna White, Canadian choreographer (b. 1924)

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