This Day in History for 9th April

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 173

193 - Septimius Severus is proclaimed Roman Emperor by the army in Illyricum (in the Balkans).
475 - Byzantine Emperor Basiliscus issues a circular letter (Enkyklikon) to the bishops of his empire, supporting the Monophysite christological position.
715 - Constantine ends his reign as Catholic Pope
1241 - Battle of Liegnitz - Mongol armies defeat Poles & Germans
1388 - Battle of Näfels; Glarius Swiss defeat Habsburg (Austrian) army
1413 - Henry V is crowned King of England.
1440 - Christopher of Bavaria is appointed King of Denmark.
1454 - Milan and Venice sign peace of Lodi
1474 - Breisach land guardian Peter von Hagenbach throws out Walloon/Italians
1483 - Edward V (aged 12) succeeds his father Edward IV as king of England. He was never crowned, and disappeared, presumed murdered, after incarceration in the Tower of London with his younger brother Richard (the "Princes in the Tower")
1538 - Danish king Christian III enters Schmalkaldische Union
1555 - Marcello Cervini elected Pope Marcellus II
1609 - Spain & Netherlands sign 12 Year Resistant Pact
1621 - Spain & Netherlands 12 Year Resistant Pact ends
1667 - 1st public art exhibition (Palais-Royale, Paris)
1682 - Robert La Salle claims lower Mississippi (Louisiana) for France
1691 - French troops occupy Mons
1731 - British mariner Robert Jenkins' ear cut off by Spanish Guarde Costa in the Caribbean, later catalyst for war between Britain & Spain
1783 - Tippu Sahib drives out British from Bednore, India
1808 - Mayor Wolters offers French King Louis Napoleon townhall as a palace
1814 - Elias Canneman (L) resigns as minister of Finance of the Netherlands
1816 - African Methodist Episcopal Church organizes (Phila)
1829 - Danzig (Gdansk) dike break flood kills 1,200
1833 - 1st tax-supported public library (Peterborough, NH)
1838 - UK National Gallery re-opens in its new dedicated building in Trafalgar Square, London
1864 - Battle of Pleasant Hill LA, 2870 casualities
Confederate General Robert E. LeeConfederate General Robert E. Lee 1865 - General Robert E. Lee and 26,765 troops, surrender at Appomattox Court House in Virginia to US Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant
1866 - Civil Rights Bill passes over President Andrew Johnson's veto
1869 - Hudson Bay Company cedes its territory to Canada
1870 - American Anti-Slavery Society dissolves
1872 - Samuel R Percy patents dried milk
1894 - 1st performance of Anton Bruckner's 5th Symphony in B in Graz
1906 - 3½th modern Olympic games opens in Athens (4/22 NS)
1909 - The US Congress pass the Payne-Aldrich bill, raising certain tariffs on goods entering the United States
1912 - 1st exhibition baseball game at Fenway Park (Red Sox vs Harvard)
17th US President Andrew Johnson17th US President Andrew Johnson 1913 - Brooklyn Dodger's Ebbets Field opens, Phillies win 1-0
1914 - "World, the Flesh & the Devil", 1st color film, shown in London
1914 - Tampico incident - US ship crew arrested in Mexico
1914 - US President W Wilson refuses to recognize Huerta as President of Mexico on the ground that he has not been elected by the people
1917 - Battle of Arras begins
1917 - Vimy Ridge France stormed by Canadian troops
1918 - Latvia proclaims independence
1923 - Sean O'Casey's "Shadow of a Gunman" premieres in Dublin
1925 - Babe Ruth rushed to hospital
1927 - Italy & US anarchists Sacco & Vanzetti given death sentences
Baseball Legend Babe RuthBaseball Legend Babe Ruth 1928 - Eugene O'Neill's "Lazarus Laughed" premieres in Pasadena
1928 - Mae West's NYC debut in a daring new play "Diamond Lil"
1928 - Top-Oss soccer team forms in Oss
1928 - Turkey passes separation of church & state
1931 - Chicago Cy Wentworth beats Mont Canadiens at 13:50 of 6th period
1932 - Stanley Cup: Toronto Maple Leafs sweep NY Rangers in 3 games
1935 - Stanley Cup: Montreal Maroons sweep Toronto Maple Leafs in 3 games
1939 - Marian Anderson sings before 75,000 at Lincoln Memorial
1940 - German cruiser Blucher torpedoed and capsizes in Oslofjord, 1,000 die
Actress Mae WestActress Mae West 1940 - Germany invades Norway & Denmark during WW II (Denmark surrenders)
1941 - PGA establishes Golf Hall of Fame
1942 - Battle of Bataan; US-Filipino forces overwhelmed by Japanese at Bataan
1944 - Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Orientals Ecclesiae
1945 - Battleship Admiral Scheer sunk by RAF bombing in Kiel
1945 - Liberty ship at Bari Italy carrying aerial bombs explodes, kills 360
1945 - NFL requires players to wear long stockings
1945 - World War II: The Battle of Königsberg, East Prussia, ends.
1946 - Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens beat Boston Bruins, 4 games to 1
1947 - Atomic Energy Commission confirmed
Baseball Player and Manager Leo DurocherBaseball Player and Manager Leo Durocher 1947 - Baseball suspends Bkln Dodger Leo Durocher for 1 year
1947 - Tornadoes striking West Texas & Oklahoma kill 169, injuring 1,300
1948 - Massacre at Deir Yassin.
1949 - UN Intl Court of Justice held Albania responsible for incidents in Corfu Channel & awards Britain damages
1950 - 14th Golf Masters Championship: Jimmy Demaret wins, shooting a 283
1950 - 4th Tony Awards: Cocktail Party & South Pacific win
1950 - Bob Hope's 1st TV appearance
1952 - Popular uprising in Bolivia
1952 - Hugo Ballivian's government is overthrown by the Bolivian National Revolution, starting a period of agrarian reform, universal suffrage and the nationalisation of tin mines
Entertainer Bob HopeEntertainer Bob Hope 1953 - "TV Guide" publishes 1st issue
1953 - Warner Brothers premieres the first 3-D film, entitled House of Wax.
1954 - WECT TV channel 6 in Wilmington, NC (NBC/CBS) begins broadcasting
1955 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1957 - Howard Hanson's "Song of Democracy" premieres in Wash DC
1957 - Suez Canal cleared for all shipping
1959 - Balt Orioles pull their 2nd triple play (3-6-3 vs Wash Senators)
1959 - Bill Sharman hits a NBA record 56 consecutive foul shot
1959 - NASA names 1st 7 astronauts for Project Mercury
NBA Guard Bill SharmanNBA Guard Bill Sharman 1959 - 13th NBA Championship: Bost Celtics sweep Minn Lakers in 4 games Boston Celtics wins 8th straight title
1960 - 14th NBA Championship: Bost Celtics beat St Louis Hawks, 4 games to 3
1960 - South African premier Verwoerd wounded in battle
1962 - 26th Golf Masters Championship: Arnold Palmer wins, shooting a 280
1962 - 34th Academy Awards - "West Side Story", Sophia Loren & Maximillian Schell win
1962 - JFK throws out 1st ball at Washington's new DC Stadium
1963 - Winston Churchill becomes 1st honorary US citizen
1965 - Beatles "Ticket to Ride" is released in UK
1965 - India & Pakistan engage in border fight
Baseball Legend Mickey MantleBaseball Legend Mickey Mantle 1965 - 1st game at Astrodome, Houston beats Yankees 2-1 in exhibition as Mickey Mantle hits 1st indoor homerun
1966 - Anaheim Stadium for California Angels opens
1967 - "At the Drop of Another Hat" closes at Booth NYC after 105 perfs
1967 - 1st Boeing 737 rolls out
1967 - 31st Golf Masters Championship: Gay Brewer Jr wins, shooting a 280
1967 - Shortwave broadcaster Radio NY Worldwide's transmitter burns down
1967 - The first Boeing 737 (a 100 series) makes its maiden flight.
1968 - German DR adopts constitution
Clergyman and Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.Clergyman and Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr. 1968 - Martin Luther King Jr., buried in Atlanta

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 239

1336 - Tamerlane (Timur), Central Asian, Turkic conqueror and founder of the Timurid Dynasty (d. 1405)
1498 - John, Cardinal of Lorraine, French churchman (d. 1550)
1597 - John Davenport, Connecticut pioneer (d. 1670)
1611 - Giacomo Maria Predieri, composer
1627 - Johann Kaspar Kerll, composer
1634 - Albertine Agnes, princess of Orange-Nassau
1648 - Henri de Massue, Marquis de Ruvigny, 1st Viscount Galway, French soldier and diplomat (d. 1720)
Turkic Conqueror TamerlaneTurkic Conqueror Tamerlane (1336) 1649 - James Scott, duke of Monmouth, bastard son of English king Charles II
1680 - Philippe Néricault Destouches, French dramatist (d. 1754)
1686 - James Craggs the Younger, British politician (d. 1721)
1691 - Johann Matthias Gesner, German classical scholar (d. 1761)
1716 - Johann Georg Zechner, composer
1717 - Georg Matthias Monn, composer
1751 - Emanuel Schikaneder, [Johann Schickeneder], German playwright [or 9/1]
1754 - Antonio Frantisek Becvarovsky, composer
1754 - Pieter Paulus, Dutch lawyer/CEO (National Convention)
1757 - Wojciech Boguslawski, composer
1770 - Thomas Johann Seebeck, German physicist (d. 1831)
1773 - Étienne Aignan, French writer (d. 1824
1785 - Sibrand Acker Stratingh, Dutch physician/chemist (electric car 1835)
1794 - Theobald Boehm, German inventor of the modern flute (d. 1881)
1798 - Giuditta Pasta, [Negri], soprano
1806 - Isambard Kingdom Brunel, designer of 1st transatlantic steamer
1812 - Randolph Barnes Marcy, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1887
1821 - Charles-Pierre Baudelaire, France, symbolist poet (Flowers of Evil)
1826 - Thomas Hewson Neill, Bvt Mjr General (Union volunteers), died in 1885
1830 - Eadweard Muybridge, England, pioneered study of motion, photography
1835 - Leopold II, King of Belgians (1865-1909)
1847 - Francesco Paolo Tosti, composer
1847 - Francis William Davenport, composer
1848 - F A MacKinnon, cricketer (later the 35th Mackinnon of Mackinnon)
1848 - Helena Lange, German feminist
1850 - Herman Zumpe, composer
1851 - C E Arthur Wichmann, German/Dutch geologist (Neth Indies)
1854 - Seaborn M Denson, composer
1855 - Gyula Reviczky, Hungarian author/poet
1861 - Charles Holroyd, painter/etcher
1865 - Charles Proteus Steinmetz, Germany, experiment with AC electricity
1865 - Erich Ludendorff, general (Germany)
1867 - Chris Watson, third Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1941)
1871 - Arthur Fickenscher, composer
1872 - Leon Blum, French premier (People's front government)
1874 - Julius Bittner, Austrian composer (Little Violet)
1879 - Gerald Festus Kelly, artist
1882 - Frederick Francis IV, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, (d. 1946)
1883 - Renzo Bossi, composer
1884 - Franco Vittadini, composer
1888 - Florence Smith Price, US composer (Wanamaker Prize 1932)
1888 - Sol Hurok, theatrical impresario
1889 - Efrem Zimbalist, Rostov on Don Russia, composer/violinist
1891 - John Gobau, Flemish/Dutch actor (Electricity, Hostage Rights)
1894 - Ernest Kanitz, composer
1895 - Mance Lipscomb, Texas, blues musician (Texas Sharecropper)
1895 - Michel Simon, [Francois], Geneva Switzerland
1895 - Rudolf Kattnigg, composer
1898 - Earl "Curly" Lambeau, NFL coach (GB Packers)
1898 - Julius Patzak, Austrian tenor singer
1898 - Paul Robeson, Philadelphia, singer (Old Man River)/actor/footballer
1900 - Allen Jenkins, Staten Island, actor (Hey Jeannie, Top Cop, Girl Habit)
1901 - Paul Willis, American actor (d. 1960)
1902 - Frantisek Suchy, composer [or April 21, 1891]
1903 - Gregory Pincus, inventor (birth control pill) [or Nov 9]
1903 - Ward Bond, Denver Colorado, actor (Seth-Wagon Trains)
1903 - Willem Pee, Belgian linguist
1904 - Lyle Latell, IA, actor (Not of the Earth, Sky Dragon)
1904 - Sharkey Bonano, American musician (d. 1972)
1905 - J William Fulbright, (Sen-D-Ark)
1906 - Antal Dorati, Budapest Hungary, conductor (Dresden Opera 1928-29
1906 - Todd Naylor "Hugh" Gaitskell, MP (Labour)
1906 - Rafaela Aparicio, Spanish actress (d. 1996)
1908 - Fred Lohse, composer
1908 - Victor Vasarely, Hungarian/French painter/author (Op Art)
1909 - Domenico Enrici, Apostolic Nuncio
1909 - Ivan Ivonovich Dzerzhinsky, composer
1909 - Robert Helpmann, Mount Gambier, Australia, actor/dancer (Second Time Lucky, The Red Shoes)
1910 - Abraham A Ribicoff, (Sen-D-Ct)
1910 - Sharon Lynn, Weatherford TX, actress (Way Out West, Big Broadcast)
1911 - Albert Remy, Sevres France, actor (Grand Prix, Gigot, Train)
1911 - Lord Deramore, architect
1912 - Lew Kopelew, Russian author (d. 1997)
1914 - Richard Young, CEO (Boosey & Hawkes)
1915 - Daniel Johnson, Sr., Quebec politician (d. 1968)
1917 - Johannes Bobrowski, writer
1917 - Vincent O'Brien, racehorse trainer
1917 - Brad Dexter, American actor (d. 2002)
1918 - Jorn Utzon, Danish architect (Sydney Opera House)
1919 - John Presper Eckert, co-inventor (1st electronic computer-ENIAC)
1920 - Alexander Moulton, English bicycle designer (folding bicycle)
1920 - Art Van Damme, Norway Mich, jazz accordionist (Chicago Jazz)
1920 - David Walker, Professor of Law (Glasgow University)
1920 - F Don Miller, Racine Wisc, Boxing coach (Olympic-1956)
1921 - Frankie Thomas, NYC, actor (Tom Corbett Space Cadet)
1921 - Jean-Marie Balestre, French motorsports official (FIA) (d. 2008)
1922 - Carl Amery, writer
1922 - Gerald Moverley, Roman Catholic bishop (Hallam)
1922 - Michael Palliser, head of British diplomatic service
1923 - Bruno Kiefer, composer
1923 - Dann Cahn, Hollywood, California, film editor (I Love Lucy, Beverly Hillbillies), (d. 2012)
1924 - Harald Heilmann, composer
1925 - Michael Richardson, vice CEO (N M Rotschild)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 7 of 7

Detective Writer Erle Stanley GardnerDetective Writer Erle Stanley Gardner (1912) 1912 - Detective writer Erle Stanley Gardner (22) weds Natalie Talbert
1913 - US Admiral Chester Nimitz (28) weds Catherine Freeman (21) in Wollaston, Massachusetts
1953 - Biologist Alexander Fleming (34) weds doctor Amalia Koutsouri-Vourekas (41)
1966 - Sophia Loren marries married Carlo Ponti in Paris
1994 - Singer Wayne Newton (52) weds attorney Kathleen McCrone (30)
2005 - His Royal Highness Charles, Prince of Wales marries Camilla Parker Bowles
2010 - Philadelphia Eagles long snapper Jon Dorenbos (30) weds Julie Lesicki at St. Augstine Catholic Church in Philadelphia

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 1 of 1

Singer and Actress Jennifer LopezSinger and Actress Jennifer Lopez (2012) 2012 - Salsa artist Marc Anthony (42) divorces pop star and actress Jennifer Lopez (43) due to irreconcilable differences after 7 years of marriage

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 105

93 - Yuan An, Minister over the Masses of the Han dynasty
491 - Zeno, Byzantine Emperor
715 - Constantine I, Greek/Syrian Pope (708-15), dies
1024 - Benedict VIII, [Theophylactus van Tusculum], Pope (1012-24), dies
1137 - William X, Duke of Aquitaine (b. 1099)
1483 - Edward IV, King of England (1461-70, 71-83) (b.1442)
1484 - Edward of Middleham, Prince of Wales (b. 1473), son of Richard III King of England
1492 - Lorenzo de' Medici (the Magnificent), leading Florentine statesman and patron of the arts during Florentine Renaissance, dies aged 43
1553 - Francois Rabelais, French author (Gargantua/Pantagruel), dies at 49
1557 - Michael Agricola, Finnish theologist/church reformer/bishop, dies
Statesman/Philosopher Francis BaconStatesman/Philosopher Francis Bacon (1626) 1626 - Francis Bacon, English statesman and philosopher, dies from pneumonia at 65
1654 - Matei Basarab, Prince of Wallachia (b. 1588)
1681 - Alfonso Marsh, composer, dies at 54
1693 - Roger de Rabutin, Comte de Bussy, French writer (b. 1618)
1747 - Simon Fraser, 12th baron Lovat Jacobite, last man beheaded in England
1754 - Christian von Wolff, German philosopher, dies at 75
1761 - William Law, British minister and theologian (b. 1686)
1765 - Maria Louise van Hessen-Kassel, princess of Orange-Nassau, dies at 77
1793 - Ernestus Weinrauch, composer, dies at 62
1804 - Jacques Necker, fiancier/statesman, dies
Princess of Orange Maria Louise van Hessen-KasselPrincess of Orange Maria Louise van Hessen-Kassel (1765) 1806 - William V of Orange, Stadtholder of the Dutch Republic dies at 58
1807 - John Opie, Engl painter/illustrator: Shakespeare gallery, dies at 45
1821 - Felix Maximo Lopez, composer, dies at 78
1850 - William Prout, physician/chemist, dies
1851 - Antoine-Charles Glachant, composer, dies at 80
1852 - John Howard Payne, actor/playwright (Fair Warning), dies
1862 - George W Johnson, US planter/Confederate (gov-Ky), dies at about 50
1865 - Thomas Alfred Smyth, Irish/US Union general-major, dies at 32
1872 - Erastus Corning, American businessman and politician (b. 1794)
1876 - Charles Goodyear, American politician (b. 1804)
1879 - Ernst Friedrich Richter, composer, dies at 70
1882 - Dante Gabriel Rossetti, English Pre-Raphaelite poet and painter, dies at 53
1886 - Joseph V von Scheffel, German writer (Ekkehard), dies at 60
1889 - Michel Eugène Chevreul, French chemist (b. 1786)
1893 - Disma Fumagalli, composer, dies at 66
1904 - Isabella II, Queen of Spain (1833-68), dies at 73
1909 - Charles Conder, artist, dies
1909 - Helena Modrzejewska, Polish-American actress (b. 1840)
1916 - Vicente Goicoechea Errasti, composer, dies at 62
1917 - Edward Thomas, poet, killed in WW I
1917 - James Hope Moulton, British scholar of Classical Greek (b. 1863)
1923 - Mauritius H Binger, director/producer (Living Ladder), dies
1931 - Paul Antonin Vidal, composer, dies at 67
1933 - Sigfrid Karg-Elert, composer, dies at 55
1936 - Ferdinand Tönnies, German sociologist (b. 1855)
1939 - Emilio Serrano y Ruiz, composer, dies at 89
1940 - Mrs Patrick Campbell, English actress (Outcast Lady, Riptide), dies
1944 - Boleslaw Wallek-Walewski, composer, dies at 59
1944 - Evgeniya Rudneva, Russian World War II heroine (b. 1920)
1945 - Dietrich Bonhoeffer, German theologist/antifascist, hanged
1945 - Hans Oster, German major-general/spy, "July 20th plot", hanged
1945 - Hans von Dohnanyi, "July 20th plotter", hanged
1945 - Wilhelm Canaris, Admiral/headed Germany Abwehr, hanged
1945 - Georg Elser, failed assassin of Hitler (b. 1903)
1947 - Konrad Friedrich Noetel, composer, dies at 43
1948 - George Carpenter, Australian Salvation Army general (b. 1872)
1948 - Jorge Eliécer Gaitán, Colombian politician (b. 1903)
1951 - Sadiq Hidajat, Persian writer (Hadji Aga), dies
1951 - Vilhelm F K Bjerknes, Norwegian/US physicist/meteorology, dies at 89
1954 - Philip Greeley Clapp, composer, dies at 65
Architect Frank Lloyd WrightArchitect Frank Lloyd Wright (1959) 1959 - Frank Lloyd Wright, US architect (Guggenheim Museum NY), dies at 89
1961 - Zog I, [Ahmed Zogu], King of Albania (1925-39), dies at 65
1962 - Juan Belmonte, famed bullfighter, dies at 70
1966 - Sutan Sjahrir, premier of Indonesia (1945-47), dies at 57
1970 - Gustaf Tenggren, Swedish illustrator (b. 1896)
1976 - Akio Yashiro, composer, dies at 46
1976 - Phil Ochs, singer (Draft Dodger Rag), commits suicide at 35
1978 - Clough Williams-Ellis, Welsh architect (b.1883)
1979 - Staats Cotsworth, dies at 71
1980 - Kathleen Burke, dies
1982 - Robert H G Havemann, German chemist/dissident, dies
1982 - Wilfred Pelletier, symph conductor (Voice of Firestone), dies at 85
1984 - Basil Henry Blackwell, British publisher, dies
1986 - Jean Mogin, Belgian poet, dies at 64
1988 - Brook Benton, singer (Just a Matter of Time), dies at 56 of meningitis
1988 - Dave Prater, rocker (Sam & Dave), dies in a car crash at 50
1991 - Maurice Binder, title designer (James Bond Movies), dies at 73
1991 - Martin Hannett, record producer (b. 1948)
1992 - Gale McGee, senator (Wyoming, 1959-77), dies at 77
1992 - Ruth Hammond, dies in her sleep at 96
1993 - Wouter Perquin, journalist/Dutch MP (KVP), dies at 74
1994 - Cornelis N "Cor" van Dis Jr, Dutch MP (1971-94), dies at 71
1994 - Keith Watson, British comic strip artist (Dan Dare), dies at 59
1994 - Marcel Ichac, French alpinist/director (Karakoram), dies at 87
1994 - Raouf Khayrat, Egyptian general-major, murdered
1995 - James Bullock, colliery manager, dies at 92
1996 - James William Rouse, US builder (shopping malls), dies at 81
1996 - Maisie Fitter, editor/conservationist, dies at 83
1996 - Richard Thomas Condon, author, dies at 81
1996 - Sandy Becker, NYC Kiddie TV Show host (Sandy Becker Show), dies at 74
1997 - Helene Hanff, author (84 Charing Cross Road), dies at 80
1998 - Tom Cora, American cellist and composer (b. 1953)
1999 - Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara, Niger politician and general (b. 1949)
2001 - Willie Stargell, American baseball player (b. 1940)
2002 - Leopold Vietoris, Austrian mathematician (b. 1891)
2002 - Pat Flaherty, American racecar driver (b. 1926)
2006 - Billy Hitchcock, American baseball player, coach, and official (b. 1916)
2006 - Vilgot Sjöman, Swedish writer and film director (b. 1924)
2007 - Egon Bondy, Czech philosopher and writer (b. 1930)
2009 - Nick Adenhart, MLB pitcher (b. 1986)

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