This Day in History for 1st August

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 252

30 BC - Octavian (later known as Augustus) enters Alexandria, Egypt, bringing it under the control of the Roman Republic.
527 - Justinian I becomes the sole ruler of the Byzantine Empire
607 - Ono no Imoko is dispatched as envoy to the Sui court in China (Traditional Japanese date: July 3, 607).
649 - Pope Martinus I chosen successor of Theodorus I [or 8/7]
860 - Peace of Koblenz: Charles the Bare, Louis the German & Lotharius II
902 - Aghlabidisch emir Ibrahim II destroys Taormina, Sicily
1021 - Synod of Pavia: emperor Henry II convicts married priest
1086 - Results of the Domesday inquiry presented to William the Conqueror in Salisbury (the date of compilation and the Great Domesday are historically contestable)
1177 - Peace Treaty of Venice: Emperor Frederik I & Pope Alexander III
Eastern Roman Emperor Justinian IEastern Roman Emperor Justinian I 1203 - Alexius IV Angelus appointed co-regent of Byzantium
1291 - Everlasting League forms, basis of Swiss Confederation (Independence)
1485 - Henry Tudor's army sails to England (future Henry VII)
1498 - Christopher Columbus lands on "Isla Santa" (Venezuela)
1589 - Assination of French King Henry III by friar Jacques Clément
1626 - Earl Earnest Casimir conquerors Oldenzaal
1628 - Emperor Ferdinand II demands Austria Protestant convert to Catholicism
1664 - Battle at St Gotthard: Earl Raimondo Montecucculi beats Ahmed Kiprulu
1690 - Battle at Staffarda: French army beats Victor Amadeus of Savoy
Russian Tsar Peter the GreatRussian Tsar Peter the Great 1711 - Surrounded Tsar Peter the Great flees Azov
1714 - Monarch Georg Ludwig becomes King George I of England
1715 - First Doggett's Coat and Badge race (Waterman's race) held on Thames River (London Bridge to Chelsea)
1732 - Foundations laid for Bank of England
1759 - Battle at Minden, Westfalen: Ferdinand van Brunswick beats France
1774 - Joseph Priestley, English theologian, chemist and author discovers oxygen
1780 - Sweden declares neutrality
1781 - British army under general Cornwallis occupies Yorktown, Virginia
1785 - Caroline Herschel becomes 1st woman discoverer of a comet
King George IKing George I 1789 - US Customs begins enforcing Tariff Act
1793 - France becomes 1st country to use the metric system
1794 - Whiskey Rebellion begins in western Pennsylvania
1798 - Battle of Abukir on the Nile-Nelson defeats French fleet
1812 - Rare tornado hits Westchester County NY
1814 - Belgian King Willem I accepts blame in Southern defeat
1820 - London's Regent's Canal opens.
1828 - Bolton and Leigh Railway opens to freight traffic.
1831 - London Bridge opens to traffic
1832 - The Black Hawk War ends.
1834 - Slavery abolished throughout the British Empire - Slavery Abolition Act 1833 comes into effect
Naturalist Charles DarwinNaturalist Charles Darwin 1836 - HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin returns to Bahia Brazil
1838 - Apprenticeship system abolished in most of the British Empire. Former slaves no longer indentured to former owners.
1840 - Labourer slaves in most of the British Empire are emancipated.
1842 - Rotherhithe Tunnel under the Thames opens
1842 - Lombard Street Riot erupts
1852 - SF Methodists establish 1st black church, Zion Methodist
1855 - Castle Clinton in NYC opens as 1st US receiving station for immigrants
1861 - Brazil recognizes Confederacy
1863 - Battle of Little Rock, Arkansas; start of Chattanooga campaign
1863 - Cavalry action near Brandy Station-End of Gettysburg Campaign
1864 - Battle of Petersburg, VA
1867 - Blacks vote for 1st time in a US state election in the South (Tenn)
1869 - 1st voyage down Colorado River
1870 - Irish Land Act gives rights to tenants of landlords in Ireland.
1873 - SF's 1st cable car begins service
1876 - Colorado becomes 38th state of the Union
1881 - US Quarantine Station authorized for Angel Island, SF Bay
1883 - A papyrus offered to British Museum for £10,000 (forgery)
1883 - Amsterdam's Grand Hotel Krasnapolsky gets electric lights
1883 - Inland postal service begins in Great Britain
1886 - Great Britain annexes Kermadec-Island near New Zealand
1890 - Cecil Rhodes' colonies reach Lundi
1893 - Henry Perky & William Ford patent shredded wheat
1896 - George Samuelson completes rowing Atlantic (NY to England)
1901 - Burials within San Francisco City limits prohibited
1902 - Building begins on Dutch public housing
1902 - Mine accident in Wollongong, Australia (100 die)
1906 - Brooklyn Dodger Harry McIntire no-hits Pitts for 10 2/3 loses in 13th
1907 - Bank of Italy opens 1st branch at 3433 Mission Street, SF
1907 - Signal Corps of US army starts aircraft division
1907 - First Scout camp opens on Brownsea Island, in Poole Harbour, Dorset
1909 - British SS Waratah disappears on Sydney to London, 300 killed
1911 - Omar N Bradley (18) begins education in West Point
1911 - Transportation workers begin a major strike in England; part of a wave of industrial unrest
1914 - British fleet reaches Scapa Flow
Tsar Nicholas IITsar Nicholas II 1914 - Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany declares war on his nephew Tsar Nicholas II (WW I) of Russia in WWI
1914 - France & Germany mobilize their troops at outbreak of WWI
1914 - Trois Vierges: German 69th infantry regiment enters Luxembourg on outbreak of WWI
1916 - Hawaii National Park forms
1917 - Frank Little, IWW organizer, lynched in Butte, MT
1918 - British troops enter Vladivostok
1918 - Pittsburgh Pirates beat Boston Braves, 2-0, in 21 innings
1919 - Queen Wilhelmina opens 1st Air Fair in Amsterdam
1919 - Treffers soccer team forms in Groesbeek
1920 - Papendrecht soccer team forms
1920 - Peace of Riga-Independence of Latvia
1922 - Hendrikus Colijn becomes political editor-in-chief of The Standard
1925 - Shortwave-radio link between Kootwijk & Netherland East-Indies
1926 - Battles between Druze & French in Damascus
1926 - Failed assassination on General Primo de Rivera in Barcelona
1927 - Earliest date for a film to be considered for the Academy Awards
Baseball Legend Babe RuthBaseball Legend Babe Ruth 1928 - Babe Ruth hits HR # 42 & is 4 weeks ahead of his 1927 pace
1933 - Carl Hubbell sets record of consecutive scoreless innings (45 1/3)
1933 - Death penality for anti-fascists in Germany
1933 - Dutch colonial regime in Batavia arrests Sukarno
1933 - NRA (National Recovery Administration) forms
1936 - Adolf Hitler opens 11th Olympic Games in Berlin
1936 - Benjamin E Mays named president of Morehouse College
1941 - Luftwaffe bombs German 23rd division
1941 - NY Yankee Lefty Gomez walks most (11) in a shutout (Yanks 9, St L 0)
1941 - The first Jeep is produced.
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf HitlerDictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler 1942 - Deurne soccer team forms

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 267

10 BC - Claudius, Lugdunum Gaul, Roman Emperor (41-54)
126 - Pertinax [Publius Helvius Pertinax], Alba Pompeia, Roman emperor (Year of the Five Emperors)
1313 - Emperor Kogon of Japan (Ashikaga Pretenders)
1322 - Peter van Herentals, South Netherlands theologist/church historian
1377 - Emperor Go-Komatsu of Japan, 100th emperor of Japan
1495 - Jan van Scorel, Schoorl Holland, Dutch painter/architect
Roman Emperor ClaudiusRoman Emperor Claudius (10 BC) 1520 - Sigismund II Augustus, Krakow, King of Poland (1548-72)
1545 - Andrew Melville, Baldovie, Scottish theologian and religious reformer
1555 - Edward Kelley, Worcester, English spirit medium
1579 - Luís Vélez de Guevara, Écija, Spanish writer
1626 - Sabbatai Zevi, Montenegrin rabbi, kabbalist, and founder of the Jewish Sabbatean movement
1630 - Thomas Clifford, Ugbrooke, English statesman (1st Baron Clifford of Chudleigh)
1642 - Ahmed II, 21st sultan of Turkey (1691-95) [or Feb 25, 1643]
1659 - Antoine Mouque, composer
1685 - Pietro Giuseppe Sandoni, composer
1686 - Benedetto Marcello, Venice Italy, Italian author/composer (Lettera Famigliare)
1713 - Charles I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (d. 1780)
1714 - Richard Wilson, Welsh landscape painter
1738 - Jacques François Dugommier, French general (d. 1794)
French Naturalist Jean-Baptiste LamarckFrench Naturalist Jean-Baptiste Lamarck (1744) 1744 - Jean-Baptiste-Pierre-Antoine Monnet de Lamarck, Paris, French naturalist (Lamarckian evolution)
1753 - Charles, 3rd earl Stanhope, England, radical politician/scientist
1755 - Giuseppe Antonio Capuzzi, composer
1766 - Ignaz Anton Franz Xavier Ladurner, pianist/composer
1766 - Jeffrey Wyatville, architect
1770 - William Clark, Charlottsville VA, 2nd lt of Lewis & Clark Expedition
1779 - Francis Scott Key, American lawyer, poet and composer pf the lyrics to the "Star-Spangled Banner"
1779 - Lorenz Oken, German naturalist (d. 1851)
1786 - Louis C Luzac, judge/Dutch Internal minister
1808 - Henry Darwin Rogers, Philadelphia Pennsylvania, American Geologist (theory of mountain building, first geological mapping of Pennsylvania)
Explorer and Leader of Lewis and Clark Expedition William ClarkExplorer and Leader of Lewis and Clark Expedition William Clark (1770) 1814 - Maxcy Gregg, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1862
1815 - Richard Henry Dana, novelist/lawyer spent 2 years before mast
1818 - Maria Mitchell, 1st US woman astronomer on Nantucket Island
1819 - Herman Melville, New York, author (Moby Dick, Billy Budd), (d. 1891)
1824 - Edward Francis Fitzwilliam, composer
1837 - Mother Jones, American labor organizer (d. 1930)
1840 - Aldine Sillman Kieffer, composer
1843 - Robert Todd Lincoln, Capt (Union volunteers), died in 1926
1847 - Guido Papini, violinist/composer
1848 - František Kmoch, Czech composer and conductor
Moby Dick Author Herman MelvilleMoby Dick Author Herman Melville (1819) 1856 - George Coulthard, Former Australian rules footballer and cricketer (d. 1883)
1858 - Hans Rott, composer
1858 - Paul Barth, German philosopher/sociologist
1858 - Gaston Doumergue, French President (d. 1937)
1861 - Sam Jones, cricketer (Australian batsman of 1880's)
1862 - Montague Rhodes James, scholar/author/editor
1863 - Gaston Doumergue, premier/pres of France (1913..34)
1867 - William Orlamond, Denmark, actor (Flesh & Devil, Wind)
1870 - Ilya Ivanovich Ivanov, Russian Biologist who perfected the artificial insemination of animals and showed that his technology allowed one stallion to fertilize up to 500 mares
1871 - Oskar Fried, composer
1871 - John Lester, American cricketer (d. 1969)
1877 - Charlotte Hughes, 1990 (oldest person in Great Britain)
1877 - Jan van den Tempel, Dutch MP (SDAP)
1881 - Emilie Rose Macaulay, English writer
1882 - Vaclav Klicka, composer
1885 - George de Hevesy, Hungarian chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1966)
1886 - Isaac Keesing, Dutch publisher/founder (System Keesing)
1888 - Vito Frazzi, composer
1889 - John F Mahoney, developed pencillin treatment of syphillis
1889 - Walther Gerlach, Biebrich, German Physicist who, with Otto Stern, co-discovered spin quantization in a magnetic field (Stern–Gerlach effect)
1890 - George II, king of Greece
1892 - Constantly Burniaux, Belg, art historian (Temps Inquiets)
1894 - Ottavio Bottecchia, Italian cyclist (d. 1927)
1895 - Benjamin E Mays, SC, African American educator (Morehouse, Howard University)
1898 - Morris Stoloff, Phila, violinist (Picnic, Pal Joey)
1899 - William Steinberg, Cologne, conductor (Boston Symph-1969-71)
1900 - Otto Nothling, cricketer (Test for Australia 1928, 52 runs aver 26)
1901 - Pancho Villa, Filipino world boxing champion (d. 1925)
1902 - Hendrik J Kruls, Neth, general/chief military authority (1944-46)
1902 - Ruth Evelyn Mansfield, doctor
1903 - Paul George Vincent O'Shaughnessy Horgan, novelist
1906 - William Hayter, Oxford, Oxfordshire, British diplomat and Ambassador to the Soviet Union (1953-1957)
1908 - Miloslav Kabelac, composer
1909 - Nigel Henderson, admiral
1910 - Mahomed Nissar, cricketer (pioneer Indian opening bowler in Tests)
1910 - Walter Scharf, American composer (d. 2003)
1910 - Gerda Taro (Gerta Pohorylle), Stuttgart Germany, photojournalist
1911 - Kenneth Norman Joseph Loveless, priest folk musician
1911 - Ronald MacDonald, British major-general
1911 - Jackie Ormes, American cartoonist (d. 1985)
1912 - Brian Keith-Lucas, political scientist
1912 - Henry Jones, Phila Pa, actor (Phyllis, Falcon Crest, Gun Shy)
1912 - Masaya Hanai, businessamn
1913 - Jerome Moross, Brooklyn NY, composer (Frankie & Johnny)
1913 - Nigel Henderson, admiral
1914 - Jack Delano, composer
1915 - Ronald MacDonald, British major-general
1916 - Viscount Hanworth, barrister
1916 - Anne Hébert, French Canadian author and poet (d. 2000)
1917 - Benjamin Roberts, British industrial relations expert
1918 - Wyndraeth Morris-Jones, British political scientist
1919 - Stanley Middleton, Bulwell, Nottinghamshire, British novelist (Holiday, Three Wise Men)
1920 - Jeffrey Segal, actor (Traitors)/playwright
1920 - Maria Cole, Boston MA
1920 - Sammy Lee, Fresno California, platform diver (Oly-2 gold/bronze-1948, 52)
1920 - Viscount Hanworth, barrister
1921 - Benjamin Roberts, British industrial relations expert
1921 - Jack Kramer, Las Vegas, tennis star (Wimbledon 1947, US Open-1946)
1921 - Vic Marshall, chemist
1922 - Arthur Hill, Saskatchewan Canada, actor (Owen Marshall, Glitter)
1922 - Frank Hauser, British theatrical director

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 11 of 11

1404 - Earl Engelbert I of Nassau marries Johanna of Poland
Nobel Prize Winning Physicist Niels BohrNobel Prize Winning Physicist Niels Bohr (1912) 1912 - Physicist Niels Bohr (26) weds Margrethe Norlund at a civil ceremony in Slagelse, Denmark
1942 - Actress Janet Leigh (14) weds childhood sweetheart John Kenneth Carlisle (18) in Reno, Nevada
1951 - Actor Max Von Sydow (22) weds actress Christina Olin
1986 - Tennis ace John McEnroe marries actress Tatum O'Neal
1987 - Bananarama's Siobhan Fahey marries Eurythmics Dave Stewart
1995 - F1 driver Michael Schumacher (26) weds Corinna Betsch in Kerpen, Germany
2009 - Fashion model Rhea Durham (34) weds actor and producer Mark Wahlberg (41) at Good Shepherd Catholic Church in Beverly Hills
2009 - "Heroes" actress Ali Larter (33) weds stand-up comedian and actor Hayes MacArthur (32) in Kennebunkport, Maine
Actress Mary Lynn RajskubActress Mary Lynn Rajskub (2009) 2009 - Actress-comedian Mary Lynn Rajskub (38) weds personal trainer Matthew Rolph in an impromptu wedding in Las Vegas
2010 - "Dawson's Creek" actor James Van Der Beek (33) weds business consultant Kimberly Brook at the Kabbalah Center in Tel Aviv, Israel

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 1 of 1

Actress Elizabeth TaylorActress Elizabeth Taylor (1976) 1976 - Actress Elizabeth Taylor's 6th divorce from actor Richard Burton (their 2nd divorce together)

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 120

Roman Politician and General Mark AntonyRoman Politician and General Mark Antony (30 BC) 30 BC - Mark Antony, Roman Politician and General, commits suicide after he is defeated by Octavian at the Battle of Actium at 53
371 - St Eusebius of Vercelli, Italian bishop (b. c. 283)
527 - Justin I, Byzantine emperor (518-27), dies (b. c. 450)
1137 - Louis VI, King of France, dies (1108-37)
1190 - Floris III, Count of Holland, dies
1227 - Shimazu Tadahisa, Japanese warlord (b. 1179)
1402 - Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York, son of Edward III of England (b. 1341)
1457 - Laurentius Valla, Italian philosopher (Voluptate), dies at about 50
1464 - Cosimo de Medici, ruler of Florence, dies at 74
1541 - Simon Grynaeus, German theologian (b. 1493)
Florentine Ruler and Arts Patron Cosimo de MediciFlorentine Ruler and Arts Patron Cosimo de Medici (1464) 1546 - Peter Faber, French Jesuit theologian (b. 1506)
1557 - Olaus Magnus, Swedish writer (b. 1490)
1580 - Albrecht Giese, German politician and diplomat (b. 1524)
1589 - Jacques Clément, French assassin of Henry III of France (b. 1567)
1628 - Francesco Gonzaga, composer, dies at 37
1630 - Federico Cesi, Italian Naturalist and founder of the first modern scientific society, the Accademia dei Lincei, dies at 45
1667 - Paul Foot, lawyer/historian, dies at 48
1708 - Edward Tyson, British Physician and father of comparative anatomy (The Anatomy of a Pygmy, 1698), dies at 57
1714 - Anne Stuart, Queen of England (1702-14), dies at about 49
1743 - Richard Savage, English poet/playwright, dies at about 46
1787 - Alfonsus M de' Liguori, Italian theologist/bishop/saint, dies at 90
1796 - Robert Pigot, British army officer (b. 1720)
1798 - François-Paul Brueys D'Aigalliers, French admiral (killed in battle) (b. 1753)
1805 - Friedrich Christoph Gebtewitz, composer, dies at 51
1812 - Yakov Kulnev, Russian general (killed in battle) (b. 1763)
1813 - Carl Stenborg, composer, dies at 60
1821 - Elizabeth Inchbald (Simpson), actress/author (Lady Abbess), dies at 68
1834 - Robert Morrison, missionary in China/translated bible, dies
1837 - Walter Geikie, painter, dies
1846 - Peter Ritter, composer, dies at 83
1851 - William Joseph Behr, German writer (b. 1775)
1857 - Charles Turner, engraver, dies
1866 - John Ross (aka. Kooweskoowe), Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation (b. 1790)
1882 - Henry Clarence Kendall, Australian poet, dies of tuberculosis at 43
1883 - Karl Wilhelm Dindorf, classic scholar, dies
1884 - Heinrich Laube, writer, dies
1896 - William Robert Grove, Welsh Physicist and inventor of the first fuel cell, dies at 85
1902 - Ludwig Beckmann, painter, dies
Frontierswoman Calamity JaneFrontierswoman Calamity Jane (1903) 1903 - Calamity Jane [Martha Jane Canary], American frontierswoman, dies at 51
1911 - Konrad Duden, German linguist (Das, grosse Duden Lexicon), dies
1916 - Claude Newberry, South African cricket All-rounder (v England 1913-14), dies
1917 - Frank Little, American labor organizer (lynched) (b. 1879)
1918 - John Riley Banister, American cowboy and Texas Ranger (b. 1854)
1920 - Bal Gangadhar Tilak, British-Indian hindu leader, dies
1922 - Vaclav Juda Novotny, composer, dies at 72
1925 - John Pieter Veth, painter/lithographer/etcher/writer, dies at 61
1926 - Israel Zangwill, British zionists writer (Ghetto tragedies), dies
1929 - Syd Gregory, cricketer (Australian captain pre-WWI), dies
1932 - Arnold Fothergill, cricketer (8 wickets in 2 Tests for Eng 1889), dies
1934 - Piotr Maszynski, composer, dies at 79
1943 - Ismar Elbogen, German/US learned/rabbi (Jewish Lexicon), dies at 68
2nd President of the Philippines Manuel L. Quezon2nd President of the Philippines Manuel L. Quezon (1944) 1944 - Manuel Luis Quezon y Molina, Second President of Philippines (1935-42), dies of tuberculosis at 65
1946 - Andrei Vlasov, Russian general (Red Army, Wehrmacht) executed at 45
1954 - Charles-A Cingria, writer, dies
1957 - Harvey Glatmin, 1st bondage-photo victim, executed [or 8/18/59]
1962 - Leon Kruczkowski, Polish author (Niemcy), dies at 62
1963 - Theodore Roethke, US poet (Praise to the end!), dies
1965 - Kiyoshi Nobutoki, composer, dies at 77
1966 - Bud Powell, US jazz pianist/composer, dies
1966 - Charles Whitman, former marine, kills 16 at U of Texas, shot by cops
1970 - Frances Farmer, actress (Toast of NY, Come & Get It), dies at 55
1970 - Otto Heinrich Warburg, German Biochemist and Nobel laureate, dies at 86
1973 - Gian Francesco Malipiero, composer, dies at 91
1973 - Walter Ulbricht, pres German DR, dies at 80
1974 - Ildebrando Antoniutti, Italian Catholic cardinal (b. 1898)
1975 - Howard Joslin, actor (Quebec, Detective Story), dies at 68
1977 - Francis Gary Powers, US U-2 pilot, dies at 47
Actor Strother MartinActor Strother Martin (1980) 1980 - Strother Martin, actor (Slapshot), dies of heart attack at 61
1980 - Patrick Depailler, French Formula 1 driver (b. 1944)
1981 - Paddy Chayefsky, screenwriter (Network, Hospital) dies of cancer at 58
1981 - Seppo Antero Yrjonpoika Nummi, composer, dies at 49
1983 - Peter Arne, actor (Straw Dogs), bludgeoned to death in London at 62
1985 - Joseph Walker, cameraman, dies at 92
1986 - Willem Klein, variety artist, dies at about 73
1987 - Benson Fong, actress (Charlie Chan, Purple Heart), dies at 70
1987 - Pola Negri, actress (Forbidden Paradise), dies at 92
1988 - Florence Eldridge, Broadway actress (The Swan), dies at 86
1988 - John Cardinal Dearden, US cardinal, dies at 80
1988 - Trindad Silva, actor (Hill St Blues), dies at 38 in an auto accident
1989 - John Ogdon, English pianist/composer, dies at 52
1990 - Norbert Elias, German/English/Neth philosopher/sociologist, dies
1991 - Stuart Wilson, actor (The Girl Who Had Everything), dies at 87
1992 - Chico Alvarez, trumpeteer (Stan Kenton Orch), dies of cancer at 72
1992 - Kenny Sacha, actor (Buffy the Vampire Slayer), dies of AIDS at 39
1992 - Stanley Dudek, US platform diver (watershows), dies
1993 - Alfred Manessier, Fr painter (glass-in-lead), dies in car crash at 81
1993 - Anatoli Koretski, Russian major general, murdered
1993 - Ewing Kaufman, founder/owner (KC Royals), dies of lung cancer at 76
1993 - Lea Verschuuren-Smulders, Dut author (Kleutertje Luister), dies at 72
1993 - Viktor Polyanitshko, governor of Kaukasus, murdered
1994 - George Dixon, trumpet/sax, dies at 85
1994 - Gerard van de Groenekan, furniture maker/designer, dies at 90
1995 - Loudi Nijhoff, Dutch actress (Alicia, Van Geluk Gesproken), dies
1995 - Robert L "Bob" Talley, pianist, dies at 75
1996 - John Lanigan, tenor, dies at 75
1996 - Mohamed Farrah Aidid, Pres (ANS-CUS)/Somalia, dies
1996 - Pierre Lucien Claverie, bishop of Oran, dies at 58
1996 - Tadeusz Reichstein, Polish/Swiss chemist (Nobel 1950), dies at 99
1996 - Frida Boccara, French singer (b. 1940)
1996 - Lucille Teasdale-Corti, Canadian physician and international aid worker (b. 1929)

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