This Day in History for 1st August

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 250

30 BC - Octavian (later known as Augustus) enters Alexandria, Egypt, bringing it under the control of the Roman Republic.
527 - Justinian I becomes the sole ruler of the Byzantine Empire
607 - Ono no Imoko is dispatched as envoy to the Sui court in China (Traditional Japanese date: July 3, 607).
649 - Pope Martinus I chosen successor of Theodorus I [or 8/7]
860 - Peace of Koblenz: Charles the Bare, Louis the German & Lotharius II
902 - Aghlabidisch emir Ibrahim II destroys Taormina, Sicily
1021 - Synod of Pavia: emperor Henry II convicts married priest
1086 - Results of the Domesday inquiry presented to William the Conqueror in Salisbury (the date of compilation and the Great Domesday are historically contestable)
1177 - Peace Treaty of Venice: Emperor Frederik I & Pope Alexander III
1203 - Alexius IV Angelus appointed co-regent of Byzantium
1291 - Everlasting League forms, basis of Swiss Confederation (Independence)
1485 - Henry (VII) Tudors army sails to England
1498 - Christopher Columbus lands on "Isla Santa" (Venezuela)
1588 - English admiral Howard van Effingham beats Spanish Armada
1589 - Assination of French King Henry III by friar Jacques Clément
1619 - 1st black Americans (20) land at Jamestown, Virginia
1626 - Earl Earnest Casimir conquerors Oldenzaal
1628 - Emperor Ferdinand II demands Austria Protestant convert to Catholicism
1664 - Battle at St Gotthard: Earl Raimondo Montecucculi beats Ahmed Kiprulu
Explorer of the New World Christopher ColumbusExplorer of the New World Christopher Columbus 1690 - Battle at Staffarda: French army beats Victor Amadeus van Savoye
1711 - Surrounded Czar Peter the Great flees Azov
1714 - Monarch Georg Ludwig becomes king George I of England
1715 - 1st Doggett's Coat and Badge race (Waterman's race) held on Thames River (London Bridge to Chelsea)
1732 - Foundation laid for Bank of England
1759 - Battle at Minden, Westfalen: Ferdinand van Brunswick beats France
1774 - Joseph Priestley, English theologian and chemist author discovers oxygen
1780 - Sweden declares neutrality
1781 - English army under general Cornwallis occupies Yorktown, Virginia
1785 - Caroline Herschel becomes 1st woman discoverer of a comet
1789 - US Customs begins enforcing Tariff Act
1790 - 1st US census (population of 3,939,214; 697,624 are slaves)
1793 - France becomes 1st country to use the metric system
1794 - Whiskey Rebellion begins
1798 - Battle of Abukir on the Nile-Nelson defeats French fleet
King George IKing George I 1812 - Rare tornado hits Westchester County NY
1814 - Belgium King Willem I accept blame in Southern defeat
1820 - London's Regent's Canal opens.
1828 - Bolton and Leigh Railway opens to freight traffic.
1831 - London Bridge opens to traffic
1832 - The Black Hawk War ends.
1834 - Slavery abolished throughout the British Empire - Slavery Abolition Act 1833 comes into effect
1836 - HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin returns to Bahia Brazil
1838 - Apprenticeship system abolished in most of the British Empire. Former slaves no longer indentured to former owners.
1840 - Labourer slaves in most of the British Empire are emancipated.
1842 - Rotherhithe Thames Tunnel opens
1842 - Lombard Street Riot erupts
1852 - SF Methodists establish 1st black church, Zion Methodist
1855 - Castle Clinton in NYC opens as 1st US receiving station for immigrants
1861 - Brazil recognizes Confederacy
Naturalist Charles DarwinNaturalist Charles Darwin 1863 - Battle of Little Rock, Arkansas; start of Chattanooga campaign
1863 - Cavalry action near Brandy Station-End of Gettysburg Campaign
1864 - Battle of Petersburg, VA
1867 - Blacks vote for 1st time in a US state election in the South (Tenn)
1869 - 1st voyage down Colorado River
1873 - SF's 1st cable car begins service
1876 - Colorado becomes 38th state
1881 - US Quarantine Station authorized for Angel Island, SF Bay
1883 - A papyrus offered to Brit Museum for £10,000 (forgery)
1883 - Amsterdam's Grand Hotel Krasnapolsky gets electric lights
1883 - Inland postal service begins in Great Britain
1886 - Great Britain annexes Kermadec-Island near New Zealand
1890 - Cecil Rhodes' colonies reach Lundi
1893 - Henry Perky & William Ford patent shredded wheat
1896 - George Samuelson completes rowing Atlantic (NY to England)
1901 - Burial within SF City limits prohibited
1902 - Building begins on Dutch public housing
1902 - Mine accident in Wollongong, Australia (100 die)
1903 - 1st coast-to-coast automobile trip (SF-NY) completed
1906 - Bkln Dodger Harry McIntire no-hits Pitts for 10 2/3 loses in 13th
1907 - Bank of Italy opens 1st branch at 3433 Mission Street, SF
1907 - Signal Corps of US army starts aircraft division
1907 - First Scout camp opens on Brownsea Island.
1909 - British SS Waratah disappears on Sydney to London, 300 killed
1911 - Omar N Bradley (18) begins education in West Point
1914 - British fleet reaches Scapa Flow
Absolute monarch Nicholas IIAbsolute monarch Nicholas II 1914 - Emperor Wilhelm II declares war on his nephew Tsar Nicholas II (WW I)
1914 - France & Germany mobilize
1914 - Trois Vierges: German 69th infantry regiment enter Luxembourg Germany declares war on Russia in WW I
1916 - Hawaii National Park forms
1917 - Frank Little, IWW organizer, lynched in Butte, MT
1918 - British troops enter Vladivostok
1918 - Pittsburgh Pirates beat Boston Braves, 2-0, in 21 innings
1919 - Queen Wilhelmina opens 1st Air Fair in Amsterdam
1919 - Treffers soccer team forms in Groesbeek
1920 - Papendrecht soccer team forms
1920 - Peace of Riga-Independence of Latvia
1922 - Hendrikus Colijn becomes political editor-in-chief of The Standard
1925 - Shortwave-radio link between Kootwijk & Netherland East-Indies
1926 - Battles between Druzen & French in Damascus
1926 - Failed assassination on Gen Primo de Rivera in Barcelona
1927 - Earliest date for a film to be considered for the Academy Awards
Baseball Great Babe RuthBaseball Great Babe Ruth 1928 - Babe Ruth hits HR # 42 & is 4 weeks ahead of his 1927 pace
1933 - Carl Hubbell sets record of consecutive scoreless innings (45 1/3)
1933 - Death penality for anti fascists in Germany
1933 - Dutch colonial regime in Batavia arrest ir Sukarno
1933 - NRA (National Recovery Administration) forms
1936 - Adolf Hitler opens 11th Olympic Games in Berlin
1936 - Benjamin E Mays named president of Morehouse College
1941 - Luftwaffe bombs German 23rd division
1941 - NY Yankee Lefty Gomez walks most (11) in a shutout (Yanks 9, St L 0)

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 264

10 BC - Claudius, Roman Emperor (d. 54)
126 - Publius ,Helvius Pertinax, Roman emperor (d. 193 AD)
1313 - Emperor Kogon of Japan (d. 1364)
1322 - Peter van Herenthals, South Netherlands theologist/church historian
1377 - Emperor Go-Komatsu of Japan (d. 1433)
1495 - Jan Scorel, Dutch painter/architect
1520 - Sigismund II Augustus, King of Poland (1548-72)
1545 - Andrew Melville, Scottish theologian and religious reformer (d. 1622)
1555 - Edward Kelley, English spirit medium (d. 1597)
1579 - Luís Vélez de Guevara, Spanish writer (d. 1644)
1626 - Sabbatai Zevi, Montenegrin rabbi, kabbalist, and founder of the Jewish Sabbatean movement (d. 1676)
1630 - Thomas Clifford, 1st Baron Clifford of Chudleigh, English statesman (d. 1673)
1642 - Ahmed II, 21st sultan of Turkey (1691-95) [or Feb 25, 1643]
1659 - Antoine Mouque, composer
1685 - Pietro Giuseppe Sandoni, composer
1686 - Benedetto Marcello, Venice Italy, Italian author/composer (Lettera Famigliare)
1713 - Charles I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (d. 1780)
1714 - Richard Wilson, Welsh landscape painter
1738 - Jacques François Dugommier, French general (d. 1794)
French Naturalist Jean-Baptiste LamarckFrench Naturalist Jean-Baptiste Lamarck (1744) 1744 - Jean-Baptiste-Pierre-Antoine Monnet de Lamarck, Paris, naturalist (Lamarckian evolution), (d. 1829)
1753 - Charles, 3rd earl Stanhope, England, radical politician/scientist
1755 - Giuseppe Antonio Capuzzi, composer
1766 - Ignaz Anton Franz Xavier Ladurner, pianist/composer
1766 - Jeffrey Wyatville, architect
1770 - William Clark, Charlottsville VA, 2nd lt of Lewis & Clark Expedition
1779 - Francis Scott Key, composer (Star-Spangled Banner)
1779 - Lorenz Oken, German naturalist (d. 1851)
1786 - Louis C Luzac, judge/Dutch Internal minister
1814 - Maxcy Gregg, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1862
1815 - Richard Henry Dana, novelist/lawyer spent 2 years before mast
1818 - Maria Mitchell, 1st US woman astronomer on Nantucket Island
1819 - Herman Melville, New York, author (Moby Dick, Billy Budd), (d. 1891)
1824 - Edward Francis Fitzwilliam, composer
1837 - Mother Jones, American labor organizer (d. 1930)
Moby Dick Author Herman MelvilleMoby Dick Author Herman Melville (1819) 1840 - Aldine Sillman Kieffer, composer
1843 - Robert Todd Lincoln, Capt (Union volunteers), died in 1926
1847 - Guido Papini, violinist/composer
1848 - František Kmoch, Czech composer and conductor
1856 - George Coulthard, Former Australian rules footballer and cricketer (d. 1883)
1858 - Hans Rott, composer
1858 - Paul Barth, German philosopher/sociologist
1858 - Gaston Doumergue, French President (d. 1937)
1861 - Sam Jones, cricketer (Australian batsman of 1880's)
1862 - Montague Rhodes James, scholar/author/editor
1863 - Gaston Doumergue, premier/pres of France (1913..34)
1867 - William Orlamond, Denmark, actor (Flesh & Devil, Wind)
1871 - Oskar Fried, composer
1871 - John Lester, American cricketer (d. 1969)
1877 - Charlotte Hughes, 1990 (oldest person in Great Britain)
1877 - Jan van den Tempel, Dutch MP (SDAP)
1881 - Emilie Rose Macaulay, English writer
1882 - Vaclav Klicka, composer
1885 - George de Hevesy, Hungarian chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1966)
1886 - Isaac Keesing, Dutch publisher/founder (System Keesing)
1888 - Vito Frazzi, composer
1889 - John F Mahoney, developed pencillin treatment of syphillis
1890 - George II, king of Greece
1892 - Constantly Burniaux, Belg, art historian (Temps Inquiets)
1894 - Ottavio Bottecchia, Italian cyclist (d. 1927)
1895 - Benjamin E Mays, SC, black educator (Morehouse, Howard University)
1898 - Morris Stoloff, Phila, violinist (Picnic, Pal Joey)
1899 - William Steinberg, Cologne, conductor (Boston Symph-1969-71)
1900 - Otto Nothling, cricketer (Test for Australia 1928, 52 runs aver 26)
1901 - Pancho Villa, Filipino world boxing champion (d. 1925)
1902 - Hendrik J Kruls, Neth, general/chief military authority (1944-46)
1902 - Ruth Evelyn Mansfield, doctor
1903 - Paul George Vincent O'Shaughnessy Horgan, novelist
1906 - William Hayter, Oxford, Oxfordshire, British diplomat and Ambassador to the Soviet Union (1953-1957)
1908 - Miloslav Kabelac, composer
1909 - Nigel Henderson, admiral
1910 - Mahomed Nissar, cricketer (pioneer Indian opening bowler in Tests)
1910 - Walter Scharf, American composer (d. 2003)
1910 - Gerda Taro (Gerta Pohorylle), Stuttgart Germany, photojournalist
1911 - Kenneth Norman Joseph Loveless, priest folk musician
1911 - Ronald MacDonald, British major-general
1911 - Jackie Ormes, American cartoonist (d. 1985)
1912 - Brian Keith-Lucas, political scientist
1912 - Henry Jones, Phila Pa, actor (Phyllis, Falcon Crest, Gun Shy)
1912 - Masaya Hanai, businessamn
1913 - Jerome Moross, Brooklyn NY, composer (Frankie & Johnny)
1913 - Nigel Henderson, admiral
1914 - Jack Delano, composer
1915 - Ronald MacDonald, British major-general
1916 - Viscount Hanworth, barrister
1916 - Anne Hébert, French Canadian author and poet (d. 2000)
1917 - Benjamin Roberts, British industrial relations expert
1918 - Wyndraeth Morris-Jones, British political scientist
1919 - Stanley Middleton, Bulwell, Nottinghamshire, British novelist (Holiday, Three Wise Men)
1920 - Jeffrey Segal, actor (Traitors)/playwright
1920 - Maria Cole, Boston MA
1920 - Sammy Lee, Fresno California, platform diver (Oly-2 gold/bronze-1948, 52)
1920 - Viscount Hanworth, barrister
1921 - Benjamin Roberts, British industrial relations expert
1921 - Jack Kramer, Las Vegas, tennis star (Wimbledon 1947, US Open-1946)
1921 - Vic Marshall, chemist
1922 - Arthur Hill, Saskatchewan Canada, actor (Owen Marshall, Glitter)
1922 - Frank Hauser, British theatrical director
1922 - Wyndraeth Morris-Jones, British political scientist
1922 - Yvonne DeCarlo, actress (10 Commandments, Lily-Munsters)
1923 - Paul Lambert, El Paso Tx, actor (Tom-Executive Suite)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 11 of 11

1404 - Earl Engelbert I of Nassau marries Johanna of Poland
1912 - Physicist Niels Bohr (26) weds Margrethe Norlund at a civil ceremony in Slagelse, Denmark
1942 - Actress Janet Leigh (14) weds childhood sweetheart John Kenneth Carlisle (18) in Reno, Nevada
1951 - Actor Max Von Sydow (22) weds actress Christina Olin
1986 - Tennis ace John McEnroe marries actress Tatum O'Neal
1987 - Bananarama's Siobhan Fahey marries Eurythmics Dave Stewart
1995 - F1 driver Michael Schumacher (26) weds Corinna Betsch in Kerpen, Germany
2009 - Fashion model Rhea Durham (34) weds actor and producer Mark Wahlberg (41) at Good Shepherd Catholic Church in Beverly Hills
2009 - "Heroes" actress Ali Larter (33) weds stand-up comedian and actor Hayes MacArthur (32) in Kennebunkport, Maine
2009 - Actress-comedian Mary Lynn Rajskub (38) weds personal trainer Matthew Rolph in an impromptu wedding in Las Vegas
2010 - "Dawson's Creek" actor James Van Der Beek (33) weds business consultant Kimberly Brook at the Kabbalah Center in Tel Aviv, Israel

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 1 of 1

1976 - Actress Elizabeth Taylor's 6th divorce from actor Richard Burton (their 2nd divorce together)

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 114

371 - St Eusebius of Vercelli, Italian bishop (b. c. 283)
527 - Justin I, Byzantine emperor (518-27), dies (b. c. 450)
1137 - Louis VI, King of France, dies (1108-37)
1190 - Floris III, Count of Holland, dies
1227 - Shimazu Tadahisa, Japanese warlord (b. 1179)
1402 - Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York, son of Edward III of England (b. 1341)
1457 - Laurentius Valla, Italian philosopher (Voluptate), dies at about 50
1464 - Cosimo de Medici, ruler of Florence, dies at 74
1541 - Simon Grynaeus, German theologian (b. 1493)
1546 - Peter Faber, French Jesuit theologian (b. 1506)
1557 - Olaus Magnus, Swedish writer (b. 1490)
1580 - Albrecht Giese, German politician and diplomat (b. 1524)
1589 - Jacques Clément, French assassin of Henry III of France (b. 1567)
1628 - Francesco Gonzaga, composer, dies at 37
1667 - Paul Foot, lawyer/historian, dies at 48
1714 - Anne Stuart, queen of England (1702-14), dies at about 49
1743 - Richard Savage, English poet/playwright, dies at about 46
1787 - Alfonsus M de' Liguori, Italian theologist/bishop/saint, dies at 90
1796 - Robert Pigot, British army officer (b. 1720)
Florentine Ruler and Arts Patron Cosimo de MediciFlorentine Ruler and Arts Patron Cosimo de Medici (1464) 1798 - François-Paul Brueys D'Aigalliers, French admiral (killed in battle) (b. 1753)
1805 - Friedrich Christoph Gebtewitz, composer, dies at 51
1812 - Yakov Kulnev, Russian general (killed in battle) (b. 1763)
1813 - Carl Stenborg, composer, dies at 60
1821 - Elizabeth Inchbald (Simpson), actress/author (Lady Abbess), dies at 68
1834 - Robert Morrison, missionary in China/translated bible, dies
1837 - Walter Geikie, painter, dies
1846 - Peter Ritter, composer, dies at 83
1851 - William Joseph Behr, German writer (b. 1775)
1857 - Charles Turner, engraver, dies
1866 - John Ross (aka. Kooweskoowe), Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation (b. 1790)
1882 - Henry Clarence Kendall, Australian poet, dies of tuberculosis at 43
1883 - Karl Wilhelm Dindorf, classic scholar, dies
1884 - Heinrich Laube, writer, dies
1902 - Ludwig Beckmann, painter, dies
1911 - Konrad Duden, German linguist (Das, grosse Duden Lexicon), dies
1916 - Claude Newberry, South African cricket All-rounder (v England 1913-14), dies
1917 - Frank Little, American labor organizer (lynched) (b. 1879)
1918 - John Riley Banister, American cowboy and Texas Ranger (b. 1854)
1920 - Bal Gangadhar Tilak, British-Indian hindu leader, dies
1922 - Vaclav Juda Novotny, composer, dies at 72
1925 - John Pieter Veth, painter/lithographer/etcher/writer, dies at 61
1926 - Israel Zangwill, British zionists writer (Ghetto tragedies), dies
1929 - Syd Gregory, cricketer (Australian captain pre-WWI), dies
1932 - Arnold Fothergill, cricketer (8 wickets in 2 Tests for Eng 1889), dies
1934 - Piotr Maszynski, composer, dies at 79
1943 - Ismar Elbogen, German/US learned/rabbi (Jewish Lexicon), dies at 68
1944 - Manuel Luis Quezón y Molina, pres of Philippines (1935-42), dies at 65
1946 - Andrei Vlasov, Russian general (Red Army, Wehrmacht) executed at 45
1954 - Charles-A Cingria, writer, dies
1957 - Harvey Glatmin, 1st bondage-photo victim, executed [or 8/18/59]
1962 - Leon Kruczkowski, Polish author (Niemcy), dies at 62
1963 - Theodore Roethke, US poet (Praise to the end!), dies
1965 - Kiyoshi Nobutoki, composer, dies at 77
1966 - Bud Powell, US jazz pianist/composer, dies
1966 - Charles Whitman, former marine, kills 16 at U of Texas, shot by cops
1970 - Frances Farmer, actress (Toast of NY, Come & Get It), dies at 55
1973 - Gian Francesco Malipiero, composer, dies at 91
1973 - Walter Ulbricht, pres German DR, dies at 80
1974 - Ildebrando Antoniutti, Italian Catholic cardinal (b. 1898)
1975 - Howard Joslin, actor (Quebec, Detective Story), dies at 68
1977 - Francis Gary Powers, US U-2 pilot, dies at 47
1980 - Strother Martin, actor (Slapshot), dies of heart attack at 61
1980 - Patrick Depailler, French Formula 1 driver (b. 1944)
1981 - Paddy Chayefsky, screenwriter (Network, Hospital) dies of cancer at 58
1981 - Seppo Antero Yrjonpoika Nummi, composer, dies at 49
1983 - Peter Arne, actor (Straw Dogs), bludgeoned to death in London at 62
1985 - Joseph Walker, cameraman, dies at 92
1986 - Willem Klein, variety artist, dies at about 73
1987 - Benson Fong, actress (Charlie Chan, Purple Heart), dies at 70
1987 - Pola Negri, actress (Forbidden Paradise), dies at 92
1988 - Florence Eldridge, Broadway actress (The Swan), dies at 86
1988 - John Cardinal Dearden, US cardinal, dies at 80
1988 - Trindad Silva, actor (Hill St Blues), dies at 38 in an auto accident
1989 - John Ogdon, English pianist/composer, dies at 52
1990 - Norbert Elias, German/English/Neth philosopher/sociologist, dies
1991 - Stuart Wilson, actor (The Girl Who Had Everything), dies at 87
1992 - Chico Alvarez, trumpeteer (Stan Kenton Orch), dies of cancer at 72
1992 - Kenny Sacha, actor (Buffy the Vampire Slayer), dies of AIDS at 39
1992 - Stanley Dudek, US platform diver (watershows), dies
1993 - Alfred Manessier, Fr painter (glass-in-lead), dies in car crash at 81
1993 - Anatoli Koretski, Russian major general, murdered
1993 - Ewing Kaufman, founder/owner (KC Royals), dies of lung cancer at 76
1993 - Lea Verschuuren-Smulders, Dut author (Kleutertje Luister), dies at 72
1993 - Viktor Polyanitshko, governor of Kaukasus, murdered
1994 - George Dixon, trumpet/sax, dies at 85
1994 - Gerard van de Groenekan, furniture maker/designer, dies at 90
1995 - Loudi Nijhoff, Dutch actress (Alicia, Van Geluk Gesproken), dies
1995 - Robert L "Bob" Talley, pianist, dies at 75
1996 - John Lanigan, tenor, dies at 75
1996 - Mohamed Farrah Aidid, Pres (ANS-CUS)/Somalia, dies
1996 - Pierre Lucien Claverie, bishop of Oran, dies at 58
1996 - Tadeusz Reichstein, Polish/Swiss chemist (Nobel 1950), dies at 99
1996 - Frida Boccara, French singer (b. 1940)
1996 - Lucille Teasdale-Corti, Canadian physician and international aid worker (b. 1929)
1997 - Ngiratkel Etpison, president of Palau (1989-92), dies
1997 - Svyatoslav Richter, Russian pianist, dies of heart attack at 82
1998 - Eva Bartok, Hungarian-born actress (b. 1927)
1999 - Nirad C. Chaudhuri, Indian-born writer (b. 1897)
2001 - Korey Stringer, American football player (b. 1974)
2003 - Guy Thys, Belgian football coach (b. 1922)

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