This Day in History for 11th August

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 179

3114 BC - The Mesoamerican Long Count calendar, used by several pre-Columbian Mesoamerican civilizations, notably the Mayans, begins.
2492 BC - Traditional date of the defeat of Bel by Hayk, progenitor and founder of the Armenian nation.
480 BC - Greco-Persian Wars: Battle of Artemisium - Persian naval victory over the Greeks in an engagement fought near promontory on the north coast of Euboea. Greek fleet holds its own against the Persians in three days of fighting but withdraws upon news of the defeat at Thermopylae.
355 - Claudius Silvanus, accused of treason, proclaims himself Roman Emperor against Constantius II.
1304 - Sea battle of Zierikzee
1492 - Rodrigo de Borja becomes Pope Alexander VI
1522 - Uprising of adel/burgerij in Austria fails
1597 - Germany throws out English sales people
1611 - Emperor Rudolf forces out king of Bohemia
1674 - 1st Battle of at Seneffe (Louis II Condé vs Willem III)
1695 - English & Dutch fleet capture Dunkerk
1718 - Battle at Cape Passaro: English fleet destroys Spanish
1772 - Explosive eruption blows 4,000' off Papandayan Java, kills 3,000
1780 - Barbados hurricane begins
1786 - Captain Francis Light establishes the British colony of Penang in Malaysia
1804 - Francis II assumes the title of first Emperor of Austria
1835 - George B Airy begins 46-year reign as England's Astronomer Royal
1858 - First ascent of the Eiger in the Bernese Alps in Switzerland
1860 - US's 1st successful silver mill (Virginia City, Nev)
1863 - Cambodia becomes French protectorate
1866 - World's 1st roller rink opens (Newport RI)
1874 - Harry S Parmelee patents sprinkler head
1877 - Asaph Hall discovers Mars's moon Deimos
1884 - 1st double-century stand in Test cricket, McDonnell/Murdoch 207 Aust
1885 - $100,000 raised in US for pedestal for Statue of Liberty
1888 - California Theatre closed (now a Pac Tel Phone Store)
1896 - Harvey Hubbell patents electric light bulb socket with a pull chain
1904 - German-ltalian General Von Trotha defeats Herero in SW Africa
1904 - The Russian fleet in the harbor of at Port Arthur are exposed to Russian guns on the hill above the harbor; Russian trips attempt escape, but most are forced back into harbor by Japanese ships
1907 - St Louis Card Ed Karger pitches perfect game vs Braves, 4-0 in 7 inn
1908 - King Edward VII of Britain meets with Kaiser Wilhelm of Friedrichshof, Germany; the main point of contention is the increasing size of Germany's navy
1909 - SOS 1st used by an American ship, Arapahoe, off Cape Hatteras, NC
1909 - Warren Bardsley (136 & 130) 1st to get twin tons in a Test
1914 - France declares war on Austria-Hungary
1914 - Jews are expelled from Mitchenick Poland
1914 - John Wray patents animation
1914 - Mitchenick Poland, expels Jews
1918 - Battle of Amiens ends in WW I, Allieds beat Germans
1919 - Green Bay Packers football club founded by George Calhoun and Curly Lambeau - named after sponser Indian Packing Company
1919 - Weimar Republic begins in Germany
1920 - 1st peace of Riga-Soviet Union recognizes Independence of Latvia
1923 - Dutch Premier de Geer resigns
1924 - 1st newsreel pictures of US presidential candidates were taken
1926 - Cleve Indian Tris Speaker hits his 700th double
1928 - Carl Hubbell's 1st major league victory is a 4-0 shutout of Phils
1928 - Georges Ronsse becomes world champion cyclists
Baseball Legend Babe RuthBaseball Legend Babe Ruth 1929 - Babe Ruth becomes 1st to hit 500 homers (off Willis Hudlin of Cleve)
1929 - Persia & Iraq sign friendship treaty
1929 - Russian-Chinese border fights
1933 - Temp reaches 136°F (57.8°C) at San Luis Potosi, Mex (world record)
1934 - 1st federal prisoners arrive at Alcatraz in SF Bay
1935 - Nazi mass demonstration against German Jews
1936 - Chaing Kai-shek's troops conquers Kanton
1939 - Sergei Rachmaninovs last appearance in Europe
1940 - 38 German aircrafts shot down above England
1940 - German air raid on British harbors Portland/Weymouth
1942 - - Sept 30] SS begins exterminating 3,500 Jews in Zelov Lodz Poland
1942 - 999 Jews are taken from Mechelen transit camp in Belgium
1942 - British aircraft carrier Eagle torpedoed & sinks
1942 - Lt-gen Montgomery makes landing on Gibraltar
1943 - Red Army recaptures Tchukujev, at Kharkov
1943 - Richard Strauss' 2nd Horn Concert, premieres
1943 - US amphibians land at Brolo on north coast of Sicily
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston ChurchillSoldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill 1944 - British premier Winston Churchill arrives in Italy
1944 - French 5th Armour division recaptures Sées
1944 - Klaus Barbie, Gestapo head of Lyon France leaves for Auschwitz
1944 - US air raid on Palembang
1945 - Allies refuse Japan's surrender offer to retain Emperor Hirohito
1948 - Summer Olympics opens in London
1949 - 1st Naples-Capri swim, 17 miles (27 km) (Giovanni Gambi)
1949 - Gaston Eyskens forms Belgiangovernment
1950 - 17th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: All-Stars 17, Philadelphia 7 (88,885)
1950 - Boston Brave Vern Bickford no-hits Bkln Dodger, 7-0
Baseball Player Joe DiMaggioBaseball Player Joe DiMaggio 1950 - Hitting just .279, Yank great Joe DiMaggio is benched for 1st time
1950 - King Boudouin I takes oath as royal prince of Belgium
1951 - 100,000 acres flooded from Mississippi River in Kansas, Oklahoma, Missouri and Illinois
1951 - 1st color baseball game (Braves vs Dodgers) telecast (WCBS-NYC)
1951 - NY Giants (NFL) beat Ottawa Roughriders (CFL) 38-6 in Ottawa
1951 - NY Giants lose to go 13½ games behind Bkln Dodgers, later win pennant
1952 - Hussein Ibn Talal I, proclaimed King of Jordan
1954 - BC Lions plays its 1st CF game, they lose to Montreal Alouettes, 22-0
1954 - Formal peace takes place, ending 7+ yrs of fighting in Indochina between French & Communist Vietminh
1955 - Indonesia government of Harahap forms
1956 - 1st flight 4-motor Cessna 620
Singer & Cultural Icon Elvis PresleySinger & Cultural Icon Elvis Presley 1956 - Elvis Presley releases "Don't Be Cruel"
1957 - Patty Berg wins LPGA All-American Golf Open
1957 - Paul Hindemith' opera "Harmonie der Welt," premieres in Munich
1960 - Chad declares Independence from France
1961 - Warren Spahn records victory #300, beats Cubs 2-1
1962 - Andrian G Nikolayev, becomes 3rd Russian in space aboard Vostok 3
1962 - Beach Boys release "Surfin' Safari"
1962 - Bolotnikov runs world record 10km (28:18.2)
1962 - Dodgers protest wetting down of Candlestick to slow Maury Wills down
1963 - Kingston Trio are mystery guest on "What's My Line?"
1963 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Waterloo Women's Golf Open Invitational
1963 - Four ANC political detainees escape from Pretoria Central prison in South Africa
1964 - Beatles' "A Hard Days Night" opens in NYC
1964 - Race riot in Paterson NJ
1965 - 6 day insurrection starts in Watts section of Los Angeles
1965 - Beatles movie "Help" opens in NYC

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 246

1467 - Mary of York, English princess (d. 1482)
1600 - Paul Hallman, composer
1613 - Cristoph Kaldenbach, composer
1635 - Thomas Betterton, London, actor/dramatist (Coriolanus)
1667 - Anna Maria Luisa de' Medici, last of the Medicis (d. 1743)
1673 - Richard Mead, London, physician
1718 - Sir Frederick Haldimand, Swiss-born British colonial governor (d. 1791)
1720 - Martin Gerbert, composer
1722 - Richard Brocklesby, English physician (d. 1797)
1737 - Joseph Nollekins, London, sculptor
1744 - Johann Gottlieb Schwencke, composer
1748 - Joseph Schuster, composer
1772 - Rowland Hill, 1st Viscount/general
1778 - Friedrich Ludwig Jahn, founder of turnverein (gymnastics) movement
1794 - James Barton Longacre, American engraver (d. 1869)
1799 - Joachim de Barrande, French paleontologist/geologist
1805 - Pieter J Elout van Soeterwoude, Dutch judge/member of parliament
1807 - David R Atchison, pres of USA on March 3rd 1849
1811 - Judah P Benjamin, US lawyer/minister of Confederacy navy [or Aug 6]
1823 - Charlotte Mary Yonge, England, writer (Heir of Redclyffe)
1828 - Edward Saloman, Gov (Union), died in 1909
1832 - Thomas Ogden Osbord, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
1833 - Robert Green Ingersoll, NY, author/politician/agnostic (Att Gen-R-Ill)
1833 - Kido Takayoshi, Japanese politician (d. 1877)
1836 - Cato M Guldberg, Norwegian mathematician
1836 - Warren Brown, American politician (d. 1919)
1837 - Marie Francois Carnot, engineer/French pres (1887-94); assassinated
1855 - John Hodges, Australian cricketer (d. 1933)
Physician and Nobel Laureate Christiaan EijkmanPhysician and Nobel Laureate Christiaan Eijkman (1858) 1858 - Christiaan Eijkman, Nijkerk Netherlands, physician and bacteriologist (Nobel Prize in Medicine-1929), (d. 1930)
1860 - Alfred Coville, French historian (Lesson etats de Normandie)
1862 - Carrie Jacobs Bond, Janesville Wisc, songwriter (I Love You Truly)
1863 - Arpad Szendy, composer
1867 - Hobart Bosworth, Marietta OH, actor (Woman of Affairs, Big Parade)
1867 - Joseph M Weber, comedian/singer (Weber & Lewis Fields)
1870 - Tom Richardson, legendary England cricket fast bowler (1893-98)
1870 - Walter Bowman, Canadian soccer player (d. ?)
1872 - Shidehara Kijuro, Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1951)
1873 - John Rosamond Johnson, Fla, co-composer (Lift Every Voice & Sing)
1877 - Adolph M. Christianson, justice of the North Dakota Supreme Court (d.1954)
1880 - Frederick Jerome Work, composer
1882 - Rodolfo Graziani, Italian marschal/viceroy of Ethiopia
1883 - Ernst Stadler, writer
1888 - Owen Nares, actor-manager (Maiden Erleigh)
1890 - Erich Wichman, Dutch fascist painter/sculptor
1892 - Hugh MacDiarmid (Christopher Murray Grieve), Scotland, poet (Scots Unbound)
1892 - Wladyslaw Anders, Polish general
1892 - Eiji Yoshikawa, Japanese novelist (d. 1962)
1892 - Archie Wiles, West Indian cricketer (d. 1957)
1894 - Wilhelm Grosz, composer
1897 - Louise Bogan, Maine, writer (Sleeping Fury)
1897 - Enid Blyton, children's writer and fifth most popular author in the world (Famous Five, Secret Seven, The Adventure)
1898 - Arthur Leslie Noel Douglas Houghton, politician/trade unionist
1900 - Alexander Mosolov, Kiev Russia, composer (Zavod) [NS]
1900 - Charles William Paddock, Texas, American athlete and 100m record breaker (Olympic-2 gold-1920) (d. 1943)
1900 - Philip Phillips, American archaeologist (d. 1994)
1902 - Christian Castries, French general (Dien Bien Phu)
1902 - Lloyd Nolan, SF California, actor (A Tree Grows in Brooklyn, Peyton Place)
1902 - Alfredo Binda, Italian cyclist (d. 1986)
1903 - Michael Whalley Wickham, artist
1904 - Jess Stacy, pianist
1905 - Erwin Chargaff, Austrian biochemist (d. 2002)
1907 - Ted a'Beckett, cricketer (Australian Test player)
1909 - Gaston Gilbert Litaize, composer
1909 - Hugo Buchthal, art historian
1909 - Jean Lancaster, director (WRNS)
1910 - Denis Moloney, NZ cricket all-rounder (1937 England tour)
1911 - Alphonse de Waelhens, Flemish philosopher (Psychosis)
1911 - Benny Lee, entertainer
1911 - Henry Kulky, Hastings-on-Hudson NY, actor (Otto-Life of Riley)
1911 - Prem Bhatia, journalist
1911 - Ronald Batty, bookseller
1911 - Thanom Kittikachorn, general/premier Thailand (1958..73)
1912 - Jean Parker, Butte Mont, actress (Beyond Tomorrow, Little Women)
1912 - Eva Ahnert-Rohlfs, German astronomer (d. 1954)
1913 - Angus Wilson, England, writer (Mulberry Bush-1955)
1913 - Paul Dupuis, French Canadian actor (d. 1976)
1913 - Bob Scheffing, American professional baseball player and manager (d. 1985)
1914 - José Silva, American parapsychologist (d. 1999)
1915 - Kunio Toda, composer
1916 - Johnny Claes, Belgian racing driver (d. 1956)
1917 - Dik Browne, cartoonist (Hi & Lois, Hagar the Horrible)
1919 - Ginette Neveu, French violinist (d. 1949)
1920 - Derry Jeffares, Honorary Prof of English Studies (Stirling U)
1920 - William Masselos, Niagara Falls NY, pianist/prof (Juilliard 1976)
Writer Alex HaleyWriter Alex Haley (1921) 1921 - Alex Haley, Ithaca New York, writer (Autobiography of Malcolm X, Roots), (d. 1992)
1923 - Stan Chambers, American television reporter
1924 - Arlene Dahl, Minneapolis Minnesota, actress/TV panelist (Ambush)
1925 - Carl Rowan, gun-toting newspaper columnist (Wash Post)
1925 - Mike Douglas, Chicago Ill, talk show host (Mike Douglas Show)
1925 - Robert Linn, composer
1925 - Floyd Curry, National Hockey League player (d. 2006)
1926 - Aaron Klug, OM/PRS/biochemist
1926 - Bernard Ashley, English fashion designer/pres (Laura Ashley)
1926 - Claus Von Bulow, socialite accused of murdering his wife
1926 - J R S Fincham, geneticist
1926 - Johnny Van Derrick, jazz violinist
1927 - James Eaton, Lord-Lieutenant of the City of Londonderry
1927 - Kenneth Eastham, MP
1927 - Len Rempt-Halmmans de Jongh, Dutch MP (VVD)
1927 - Raymond Leppard, London England, conductor (St Louis Symphony Orch)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 6 of 6

Education Pioneer Booker T. WashingtonEducation Pioneer Booker T. Washington (1886) 1886 - Education pioneer Booker T. Washington (30) weds Olivia Davidson (32) Athens, Ohio
1925 - Physicist James Chadwick (33) weds Aileen Stewart-Brown
1949 - Molecular biologist Francis Crick (33) weds artist Odile Speed (29)
1990 - "General Hospital" actor Maurice Benard (27) weds Paula Smith
2007 - U.S. Women's Olympic ice hockey team member Krissy Wendell (25) weds NHL player John Pohl (28) at the Rose Hill Alliance Church in West Roseville, Minnesota
2012 - "The Hangover" actor-comedian Zach Galifianakis (42) weds co-founder of the Growing Voices charity Quinn Lundberg at the UBC Farm in Vancouver, Canada

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 1 of 1

1993 - Director Oliver Stone files for divorce from Elizabeth

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 101

480 BC - Leonidas, King of Sparta (b. circa 540 BC)
353 - Magnentius, Roman usurper (b. 303)
449 - Flavian, Patriarch of Constantinople
897 - Wilfred the Hairy, Count of Barcelona
1171 - Louis I, Earl of Wage/Rieneck, dies
1180 - Guillaume de/Willem van Sens, Fren master builder (Canterbury), dies
1183 - Christian I, archbishop of Mainz, dies
1204 - King Guttorm of Norway (b. 1199)
1253 - Clare of Assisi, Italian follower of Francis of Assisi (b. 1194) and founder of the Order of Poor Ladies (the Poor Clares)
1394 - Jan III, mister of Polanen, dies
1456 - Janos Hunyadi, Hungarian general strategist, dies at about 49
1464 - Nicholas van Cusa, philosopher/bishop of Brixen, dies
1490 - French van Brederode, leader of Hoeksen, dies at about 25
1494 - Hans Memling, [John Memlinc], Flemish painter (Passietaferelen), dies
1519 - Johann Tetzel, Dominican monk, dies at about 79
1522 - Martin Siebenborger, mayor of Vienna, beheaded
1563 - Bartolomé de Escobedo, Spanish composer (b. circa 1500)
1578 - Pedro Nunes, [Nonius], Port mathematician/astronomer (nonius), dies
1589 - Maarten Schenck van Nideggen, lt col (80 year war), dies at about 49
1596 - Hamnet Shakespeare, son of William Shakespeare (b. 1585)
1614 - Lavinia Fontana, Italian painter (b. 1552)
1656 - Prince Octavio Piccolomini, Duke of Amalfi, Austrian field marshal (b. 1599)
1729 - Nicola Francesco Haym, composer, dies at 51
1757 - Jose Pradas Gallen, composer, dies at 67
1774 - Tiphaigne de la Roche, French writer (b. 1722)
1778 - Augustus Montague Toplady, hymn writer (Rock of Ages), dies
1794 - Jakob Friedrich Kleinknecht, composer, dies at 72
1813 - Henry James Pye, English poet (b. 1745)
1820 - Janos Lavotta, composer, dies at 56
1844 - Jernej Kopitar, filmologist/censor (Slavic Grammatica), dies at 63
1851 - Lorenz Oken, German naturalist (b. 1779)
1852 - Nicolaas Plomp, Dutch architect (Strugle), dies at 70
1854 - Macedonio Melloni, Italian physicist (b. 1798)
1860 - James Wilson, politician
1868 - Halfdan Kierulf, composer, dies at 52
1868 - Thaddeus Stevens, architect of Radical Reconstruction, dies at 76
1872 - Lowell Mason, US organist/composer (Zebulo), dies at 80
1886 - Lydia Koidula, Estonian poet (b. 1843)
1890 - John Henry Newman, English cardinal, dies at 89
1892 - Enrico Betti, Italian mathematician (b. 1813)
1901 - Francesco Crispi, Italian minister of War/premier, dies at about 82
1903 - Eugenio Maria de Hostos, Puerto Rican educator and nationalist (b. 1839)
1908 - Khudiram Bose, Indian freedom fighter (b. 1889)
1919 - Andrew Carnegie, US steel industrialist/philanthropist, dies at 83
1935 - William Watson, British poet (Purple East), dies
1936 - Blas Infante, Spanish writer and politician (b. 1885)
1937 - Bakr Sidqi, general/dictator of Iraq, dies
Pulitzer prize winning novelist Edith WhartonPulitzer prize winning novelist Edith Wharton (1937) 1937 - Edith Wharton [-Jones], US Pulitzer prize-winning author (House of Mirth), dies at 75
1939 - Jean Bugatti, Italian automobile designer (b. 1909)
1942 - Richard Heinrich Stein, composer, dies at 60
1949 - Karl Weigl, composer, dies at 68
1951 - Ebbe Hamerik, composer, dies at 52
1952 - Riccardo Martin, composer, dies at 77
1953 - Ludwig Strauss, German/Israeli writer (Heimliche Gegenwart), dies
1954 - Santo Trafficante, Sr., Sicilian-born American mobster (b. 1886)
1956 - Jackson Pollock, abstract artist, dies in auto accident (East Hampton)
1961 - Antanas Škėma, Lithuanian writer actor and director (b. 1910)
1965 - Bill Woodfull, cricketer (35 Tests for Australia), dies
1968 - Lucien Cerfaux, Belgian biblical scholar, dies
1972 - Max Theiler, S Afr/US microbiologist (vaccin-Nobel 1951), dies at 73
1973 - Peggy Castle, actress (Lily Merrill-Lawman), dies of cirrhosis at 46
1974 - Jack Hill, cricketer (3 Tests for Australia 1953-55, 8 wickets), dies
1974 - Vicente Emilio Sojo, composer, dies at 86
1975 - Anthony C McAuliffe, US gen/commandant 101st div (Nuts!), dies at 77
1975 - Howard Wendell, actor (Black Dakotas), dies at 81
1980 - Paul Robert, French lexicographer and publisher (b. 1910)
1982 - Tom Drake, actor (Green Years, Warkill), dies of lung cancer at 63
1984 - Alfred A Knopf, US publisher, dies at 91
1984 - Percy Mayfield, US singer (Hit the Road Jack), dies at 63
1984 - Paul Felix Schmidt, Estonian-German chess player (b. 1916)
1986 - Chuck McKinley, American tennis player (1963 Wimbledon), dies of a brain tumour at 45
1987 - Clara Peller, commercial spokesperson (Wendy's), dies at 86
1988 - Anne Ramsey, actress (Throw Mama From Train), dies of cancer at 59
1988 - Jean-Pierre Ponnele, opera director (Carmina Burana), dies at 56
1988 - Pauline Lafont, daughter of Bernadette, dies in hiking accident at 25
1989 - John Meillon, actor (Wild Duck, Crocodile Dundee), dies
1991 - Jef Contryn, Flemish pioneer puppet theatre, dies at 89
1991 - J. D. McDuffie, American NASCAR driver (b. 1939)
1994 - Dorothy Lousie Grenfell Williams, broadcaster, dies at 60
1994 - Gordon Cullen, architect, dies at 80
1994 - Mark "Red" Mitchell, actor (JFK, 8 Seconds, Want to Live), dies at 33
Actor Peter CushingActor Peter Cushing (1994) 1994 - Peter Cushing, actor (Star Wars, Dr Who), dies of cancer at 81
1995 - Douglas John Gorman, businessman, dies at 58
1995 - Herbert Whitton John Sumsion, organist/composer, dies at 96
1995 - Kenneth Lo, cookery writer/restaurateur, dies at 81
1995 - Phil Harris, American actor/singer, dies of heart failure at 91
1995 - Wilbur Stark, tV/film producer, dies at 83
1996 - Mel Taylor, drummer, dies at 63
1996 - Rafael Jeronym Kubelik, conductor, dies at 82
1996 - Sigmund Koch, psychologist/philosopher, dies at 79
2000 - Jean Papineau-Couture, Canadian composer (b. 1916)
2001 - Percy Stallard, English racing cyclist (b. 1909)
2002 - Galen Rowell, American photographer and mountain climber (b. 1940)
2003 - Armand Borel, Swiss mathematician (b. 1923)
Ice Hockey Player & Coach Herb BrooksIce Hockey Player & Coach Herb Brooks (2003) 2003 - Herb Brooks, American ice hockey coach, dies in a car accident at 66
2005 - James Booth, English actor (b. 1927)
2006 - Mike Douglas, American singer and talk show host (b. 1925)
2009 - Eunice Kennedy Shriver, founder of Special Olympics, sister of John F. Kennedy (b. 1921)
2010 - Markus Liebherr, German born Swiss owner of Southampton Football Club (b. 1948)
2011 - Jani Lane, American heavy metal musician (Warrant) dies of alcohol poisoning aged 47

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