This Day in History for 31st August

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 198

1056 - Byzantine Empress Theodora becomes ill, dying suddenly a few days later, without children to succeed the throne, ending the Macedonian dynasty.
1142 - Possible date for establishment of the Iroquois (Haudenosaunee) League - with the aid of Hiawatha and Deganawidah
1230 - Bishop Willebrand of Utrecht grants Swells state justice
1310 - German king Heinrich VII makes his son Johan king of Bohemia
1422 - Henry VI, becomes King of England at the age of 9 months.
1535 - Pope Paul II excommunicated King Henry VIII of England
1745 - Bonnie Prince Charlie reaches Blair Castle, Scotland
1751 - British troops under Sir Robert Clive occupy Arcot, India
1772 - Hurricane destroy ships off Dominica
1778 - British kill 17 Stockbridge indians in Bronx during Revolution
King of England Henry VIIIKing of England Henry VIII 1829 - Opera "Guillaume Tell" is produced (Paris)
1836 - HMS Beagle anchors in Postage Praia, Cape Verde Islands
1842 - Micah Rugg patents a nuts & bolts machine
1842 - US Naval Observatory authorized by an act of Congress
1843 - Liberty Party nominates James Birneyas presidential candidate
1850 - California pioneers organized at Montgomery & Clay Streets
1864 - Atlanta Campaign: Battle of Jonesboro Georgia, 1900 casualties
1876 - Ottoman sultan Murat V is deposed and succeeded by his brother Abd-ul-Hamid II.
1881 - 1st US men's single tennis championships (Newport, RI)
1886 - 1st major earthquake recorded in eastern US, at Charleston SC, 110 die
1886 - Crocker-Woolworth National Bank organized
1887 - Thomas A Edison patents Kinetoscope, (produces moving pictures)
1889 - Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Cardboard Box" (BG)
1894 - Phillies Billy Hamilton steals 7 bases
1894 - The Industrial Conciliation and Arbitration Act passed by Richard Seddon’s Liberal government, making New Zealand the first country in the world to outlaw strikes in favour of compulsory arbitration
1895 - 1st pro football game (QB John Brallier paid $10 & won 12-0)
1896 - Louis Napoleon Parker's "Rosemary" premieres in NYC
1897 - General Kitchener occupies Berber, North of Khartoum
Inventor Thomas EdisonInventor Thomas Edison 1897 - Thomas Edison patented his movie camera (Kinetograph)
1900 - British troops over run Johannesburg
1900 - Dodgers' Brickyard Kennedy walks 6 straight Phillies
1902 - Split skirt 1st worn by Mrs Adolph Landeburg (horse rider)
1903 - Joe McGinnity wins his 3rd doubleheader of month
1905 - 25th US Men's Tennis: Beals C Wright beats Holcombe Ward (6-2 6-1 11-9)
1905 - Mbunga-rebellion takes German Fort Mahenge East-Africa
1907 - Britain & Russia sign treaty with Afghanistan, Persia & Tibet
1907 - Britain, Russia & France form Triple Entente
1909 - A J Reach Co patents cork-centered baseball
1909 - Thure Johnstown wins Stockholm marathon (2:40:34.2)
26th US President Theodore Roosevelt26th US President Theodore Roosevelt 1910 - Theodore Roosevelt makes a speech in Kansas advocating a 'square deal': property shall be 'the servant and not the master of the commonwealth'
1911 - Anthony Fokker's demonstrates aircraft "Snip"
1913 - Soccer club PSV forms in Eindhoven, Netherlands
1913 - Massive protest rally on Sackville Street attacked by the Dublin Metropolitan Police; two strikers killed by the police
1914 - 24.8 cm rainfall at Bloomingdale, Michigan (state record)
1914 - General von Kluck decides not to attack Paris
1914 - German troops reconquer Soldau/Neidenburg East-Prussia
1914 - Germany defeats Russia (battle at Tannenberg/30,000 Russians die)
1914 - Ecuador becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
1915 - Chicago White Sox Jimmy Lavender no-hits NY Giants, 2-0
1915 - Brazil becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
1916 - Oscar Asche's musical "Chu Chin Chow" premieres in London
1918 - Boston Red Sox, win earliest AL pennent ever (season ended Sept 2)
1919 - John Reed forms American Communist Labor Party in Chicago
1919 - Petlyura's Ukrainian Army kills 35 members of a Jewish defense group
1919 - Ukranian (Petlyura) Army recaptures Kiev
1920 - Belgium starts paying old age pensions
1920 - Detroit radio station is 1st to broadcast a news program on the air
1923 - League of Nations gives Belgium mandate of Ruanda-Urundi (was German)
Italian Dictator Benito MussoliniItalian Dictator Benito Mussolini 1923 - Mussolini's troops occupy Corfu
1924 - Paavo Nurmi runs world record 10,000m (30:06.2)
1928 - Brecht & Weils "Dreigroschenoper" premieres
1934 - 1st NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Chi Bears 0, All-Stars 0 (79,432)
1935 - 1st national skeet championship (Indianapolis)
1935 - Chicago White Sox Vern Kennedy no-hits Cleve Indians, 5-0
1935 - FDR signs an act prohibiting export of US arms to belligerents
1935 - Russian Aleksei Stachanov digs 6 hours, 105 tons of cabbages
1935 - White Sox Vern Kennedy no-hits Indians 5-0
1937 - Det's rookie Rudy York sets record for HRs of 18 HRs in August
32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt 1938 - 5th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: All-Stars 28, Washington 16 (74,250)
1939 - Japanese invasion army driven out of Mongolia
1939 - Staged "Polish" assault on radio station in Gleiwitz
1940 - 1st edition pf illegal opposition newspaper Free Netherlands
1940 - 56 U-boats sunk this month (268,000 ton)
1940 - RAF Fighter Command loses 39 aircraft against Luftwaffe 41
1940 - German occupiers in Netherlands begin soap rationing
1940 - US National Guard assembles
1941 - 23 U-boats sunk this month (80,000 ton)
1941 - Great Gildersleeve, a spin-off of Fibber McGee & Molly debuts on NBC
1942 - Battle at Alam Halfa: German & Italians assault
1942 - U boats sunk this month 108 ships (544,000 ton)
1943 - 1st battle of Essex/new Yorktown: US assault on Marcus Island
1943 - Japanse occupiers intern Jewish Congregation of Sorabajo
1944 - Allied offensive at "Gothen-linie" Italy
1944 - French provisional government moves from Algiers to Paris
1944 - French troops liberate Bordeaux
1944 - Russian-Romanian troops march into Bucharest
12th Australian Prime Minister Robert Menzies12th Australian Prime Minister Robert Menzies 1945 - The Liberal Party of Australia is founded by Robert Menzies.
1947 - Hungarian communist party wins election
1947 - NY Giants set season record for HRs by a club 183 (en route to 221)
1948 - Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands celebrates golden jubilee
1950 - Dodger Gil Hodges hits 4 HRs & a single in a game vs Braves
1951 - 1st 33 1/3 album introduced in Dusseldorf
1953 - KRBC TV channel 9 in Abilene, TX (NBC) begins broadcasting
1953 - WKBG (now WLVI) TV channel 56 in Cambridge-Boston, MA (IND) begins
MLB First Baseman Gil HodgesMLB First Baseman Gil Hodges 1954 - US Census Bureau forms
1954 - Hurricane Carol (1st major named storm) hits New England, 70 die
1954 - Indians beat Yanks 6-1 for record tying 26 wins in August (1931 A's)
1954 - WMTW TV channel 8 in Portland-Poland Spring, ME (ABC) begins
1955 - 1st microwave TV station operated (Lufkin, Tx)
1955 - 1st sun-powered automobile demonstrated, Chicago, Ill

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 223

12 - Caligula, [Gaius Caesar], 3rd Roman emperor (37-41 AD)
161 - Commodus, Lanuvium, Roman Emperor (180-92)
1569 - Djehangir/Jahangir, great mogol of India
1602 - Amalia, countess of Solms-Braunfels, wife of Gov Frederik Hendrik
1663 - Guillaume Amontons, French physicist
1696 - Johann Paul Kunzen, composer
1721 - George Hervey, 2nd Earl of Bristol, British statesman (d. 1775)
Roman Emperor CommodusRoman Emperor Commodus (161) 1741 - Johann Paul Aegidius Martini, composer
1741 - Husein Gradaščević, Bosniak general (d. 1834)
1748 - Jean-Etienne Despreaux, composer
1749 - Radistschew, writer
1755 - Johann Ignaz Walter, composer
1775 - Francois de Paule Jacques Raymond de Fossa, composer
1811 - Goode Bryan, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1885
1811 - Theophile Gautier, Tarbas France, writer/poet (Albertus)
1821 - Vaclav Hugo Zavrtal, composer
1822 - Fitz John Porter, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1901
1823 - Galusha Aaron Grow, MC (Union), died in 1907
1828 - George Leonard Andrews, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
1834 - Amilcare Ponchielli, Paderno Italy, composer (I Lituani)
1843 - Georg von Hertling, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1919)
1852 - Georges/Joris Helleputte, Belgian Catholic minister
1855 - Stefan Surzynski, composer
1856 - Nikoghayos Fadeyi Tigranyan, composer
1864 - Max Wilhelm Zach, composer
Educator Maria MontessoriEducator Maria Montessori (1870) 1870 - Maria Montessori, Italy, educator (spontaneous response), (d. 1952)
1871 - James E. Ferguson, Texan governor (d. 1944)
1874 - Edward Thorndike, Williamsburg, Massachusetts, USA, American psychologist (father of modern educational psychology)
1878 - Albert Riemenschneider, composer
1878 - Frank Jarvis, American athlete (d. 1933)
1879 - Joshihito, emperor of Japan (1912-26)
1879 - Viktor Alexandrovich Uspensky, composer
1879 - Alma Mahler, wife of Gustav Mahler, Walter Gropius and Franz Werfel (d. 1964)
1880 - Wilhelmina HPM, queen of the Netherlands (1898-1948)
1884 - George Al Sarton, Belgian/US historian
1885 - DuBose Heyward, US novelist (Porgy)
1887 - Friedrich A Paneth, Austrian/British chemist
1888 - Ramon de Basterra, Spanish writer/diplomat (La Obra de Trajano)
1889 - A Provost Idell, father of modern volleyball
1892 - Claire DuBrey, Bonner's Ferry ID, actress (Lightnin' in the Forest)
1893 - Lily Laskine, French harpist (d. 1988)
1894 - Albert Facey, Australian writer (d. 1982)
1895 - Joseph Moiseyevich Schillinger, composer
1896 - Félix-Antoine Savard, French-Canadian priest and novelist (d. 1982)
1897 - Frederic March [Ernest Frederick McIntyre Bickel], Racine, Wisconsin, American actor (Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, The Best Years of Our Lives)
1897 - Marianne Bruns, writer
1899 - Paul E Garber, US founder/1st curator of National Air & Space Museum
1899 - Walter Muller von Kulm, composer
1900 - Roland Culver, London England, actor (Thunderball, Encore)
1900 - Gino Lucetti, Italian anarchist (d. 1943)
1903 - Arthur Godfrey, NYC, radio/TV host (Arthur Godfrey's Talent Scout)
1903 - Vladimir Jankélévitch, French philosopher (d. 1985)
1905 - Dore Schary, producer/writer/director (Act 1, Boys Town, Big City)
1905 - Sal Tas, Dutch journalist & CIA agent (Het Parool) [or 1897]
1905 - Sanford Meisner, American actor and teacher (d. 1997)
1906 - Vivienne Byerley, publicist
1907 - August F Hawkins, (Rep-D-CA, 1963- )
1907 - Ramon Magsaysay, Philippines, statesman (US Legion of Merit-1952)
1907 - Augustus F. Hawkins, American politician and civil rights lawmaker (d. 2007)
1907 - William Shawn, American editor (d. 1992)
1907 - Altiero Spinelli, Italian citizen and advocate of European federalism (d. 1986)
1908 - Lab Rachel Katherine Hamilton-Russell ouchere, local historian
1908 - Peter Conrad Baden, composer
1908 - William Saroyan, US, novelist/playwright (Time of Your Life)
1911 - Hilde Jarecki, educationist
1912 - Ramon Vinay, operatic tenor/baritone
1912 - Reinoud Anders, [Lady Blits], Dutch actor (Hamlet)
1913 - Michiel P Gorsira, 1st Dutch Antillean in charge of Curacao (1951-67)
1913 - Sir Bernard Lovell, Bristol England, radio astronomer, founded Jodrell Bank Observatory, (d. 2012)
1914 - Richard Basehart, Zanesville Oh, actor (Voyage to Bottom of Sea)
1916 - Daniel Schorr, broadcast journalist (CBS)
1918 - Alan Jay Lerner, lyricist composer (Lerner & Loewe-My Fair Lady)
1918 - Lucrecia Roces Kasilag, composer
1919 - Amrita Preetam, Indian poet and author (d. 2005)
1920 - James Lanphier, NY, actor (Flight of Lost Balloon)
1921 - Raymond Williams, Welsh academic (d. 1988)
1923 - Larry White Grayson, British comedian (Generation Game)
1923 - Serafina K "Sera" Anstadt, Polish/Dutch actress/author
1924 - Buddy [Leonard] Hackett, Bkln, comedian (God's Little Acre, Music Man)
1924 - Klaus Hashagen, composer
1926 - Georgiy Petrovich Katys, Russia, cosmonaut (Voskhod 1 backup)
1926 - Jan de Koning, minister of Agriculture/Social Businesses (CDA)
1928 - James Coburn, Laurel Nebr, actor (Our Man Flint, Magnificent Seven)
1928 - Jeremy Stephen Maas, writer/art dealer
1929 - Julio Ramon Ribeyro, writer
1930 - Owen B Pickett, (Rep-D-Virginia)
1930 - Tiny Little Jr, Worthington Minn, pianist (Lawrence Welk Show)
1931 - Dan Rather, news anchor (CBS-TV)
NHL Legend Jean BeliveauNHL Legend Jean Beliveau (1931) 1931 - Jean Marc Beliveau, Trois-Rivieres Quebec, NHL center (Montreal Canadiens, 10 Stanley Cups)
1931 - Noble [Henry] Willingham, Mineola, Texas, American actor (Walker, Texas Ranger, The Corndog Man)
1932 - Benito Wogatzki, writer
1932 - Robert [Franklin] Adams, US, sci-fi author (Castaways in Time)
1932 - Roy Castle, entertainer
1934 - Nikos Xanthopoulos, Greek actor
1935 - Eldridge Cleaver, Black Panther turned Republican
1935 - Frank Robinson, baseball player/manager (MVP 1961-NL 1966-AL)
1936 - Marva Nettles Collins, educator (west side preparatory school)
1937 - Guido de Moor, Dutch actor (Apart, Because the Cats)
1937 - Warren Berlinger, Bkln, actor (Larry-Joey Bishop Shop, Take Two)
1938 - Martin Bell, British journalist

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 6 of 6

1940 - "Wuthering Heights" actor Laurence Olivier (33) weds "Gone With The Wind" actress Vivien Leigh (26)
Coach Vince LombardiCoach Vince Lombardi (1940) 1940 - Football player and coach Vince Lombardi (27) weds Marie Planitz at Our Lady of Refuge Church in Bronx, New York
1952 - Soprano singer Leontyne Mary Violet Price (25) weds concert bass-baritone singer William Warfield (32)
1991 - Musician Jan Berry (Jan & Dean) weds Gertie Filip
2010 - Actress Leelee Sobieski (27) weds fashion designer Adam Kimmel in Italy
2013 - "Blue Crush" actress Kate Bosworth (30) weds director Michael Polish (42) in Philipsburg, Montana

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 115

651 - Saint Aidan of Lindisfarne, Irish bishop and missionary
683 - Pacal II ruler of the Maya polity of Palenque
1056 - Theodora, Byzantine Empress (b. 981)
1057 - Leofric, count of Mercia/husband of Lady Godiva, dies
1158 - Sancho III, King of Castile, dies
1218 - Al-Malik ab-Adil/Saphadin/Saif al-Din), brother of Saladin, dies
1234 - Emperor Go-Horikawa of Japan (b. 1212)
1372 - Ralph Stafford, 1st Earl of Stafford, English soldier (b. 1301)
1422 - Henry V, King of England (1413-22)/France (1416-19), dies
1590 - Floris Thin, politician/land advocate of Utrecht, dies
1604 - Giovanale Ancina, composer, dies at 58
1616 - Gemignano Capilupi, composer, dies at 43
1631 - Nicolaus Erich, composer, dies at 43
1638 - John Ward, composer, dies at 67
1645 - Francesco Bracciolini, Italian poet (b. 1566)
1654 - Ole Worm, Danish physician (b. 1588)
1667 - Johann Rist, composer, dies at 60
1688 - John Bunyan, preacher/novelist/author (Pilgrim's Progress), dies
1730 - Gottfried Finger, Czech composer (b. 1660?)
1741 - Johann Gottlieb Heineccius, German jurist (b. 1681)
1772 - William Borlase, English naturalist (b. 1695)
1795 - Francois-Andre Danican Philidor, composer, dies at 68
1796 - John McKinly, American physician and President of Delaware, dies at 75
1799 - Nicolas-Henri Jardin, French architect (b. 1720)
1805 - Joseph Marie Clement dall' Abaco, composer, dies at 95
1814 - Arthur Phillip, British admiral, first Governor of New South Wales (b. 1738)
1832 - Jean Nicolas Auguste Kreutzer, composer, dies at 53
1862 - George William Taylor, US Union brig-general, dies in battle
1862 - Ignaz Assmayer, composer, dies at 72
1864 - Ferdinand Lassalle, French politician (ADA), dies at 39
1867 - [Pierre-]Charles Baudelaire, Fren poet (Journaux Intimes), dies at 46
1869 - Mary Ward, Irish scientist, first automobile accident victim (b. 1827)
1873 - Charles F Pahud de Montagnes, gov-gen (Dutch East Indies), dies at 70
1875 - Oskar Peschel, German geographer (Physicist Erdkunde), dies at 49
1879 - William Barber, 6th US chief engraver (1844-79), dies
First Victim of Jack the Ripper Mary Ann NicholsFirst Victim of Jack the Ripper Mary Ann Nichols (1888) 1888 - Mary Ann Nichols, a 42-year-old prostitute, was found stabbed to death in London, 1st of at least five murders by Jack the Ripper
1902 - Mathilde Wesendonk, German author/poetess, dies at 73
1910 - Emils Darzins, composer, dies at 34
1918 - Joe English, Irish/Flemish signaler (WW I), dies at 36
1920 - Wilhelm Wundt, German physiologist/psychologist/philosopher, dies
1931 - Marcel Planiol, French private law scholar, dies
1934 - Johan H A Schaper, Dutch MP (SDAP), dies
1935 - Abraham Isaac Kook, rabbi/author (Hokhmat Ha-kodesh), dies
1940 - Johanna "Annie" Bakker, revue-artists/singer/actress, dies at 58
1940 - Georges Gauthier, French Canadian Roman Catholic archbishop of Montreal (b. 1871)
1941 - Marian Zwetajewa, writer, dies
1941 - Marina Tsvetaeva, Russian poet (b. 1892)
1942 - Von Bismarck, German major general, (Africa Corps), dies in battle
1944 - Killinger, German ambassador to Romania, commits suicide
1946 - Paul August von Klenau, Danish opera composer/conductor, dies at 63
1948 - Andrei A Zjdanov, Rus politician (against kosmopolitism), dies at 52
1948 - Billy Laughlin, American actor (b. 1932)
1949 - Andre Debierne, French chemist/physicist (actinium), dies
1949 - Paul Hoffer, composer, dies at 53
1952 - Henri Bourassa, French Canadian political leader (b. 1868)
1959 - Charles Delaney, dies at 67
1963 - George F Broque, cubist painter, dies at 81 in Paris
1963 - Georges Braque, French painter (b. 1882)
1964 - Carole Coleman, singer (Make Mine Music), dies at 42
1966 - Kasimir Edschmid, [Karl E Schmidt], German writer, dies at 75
1967 - Ilja G Ehrenburg, Russian poet/writer (9th wave), dies at 76
1967 - Michael Fitzmaurice, dies of lymphoma at 59
1968 - Dennis O'Keefe, actor (Suspicion), dies of lung cancer at 60
1968 - George P Gooch, English historian/House of Commons leader, dies
1969 - Ottmar Gerster, composer, dies at 72
Heavyweight Boxing Champion Rocky MarcianoHeavyweight Boxing Champion Rocky Marciano (1969) 1969 - Rocky Marciano, former heavyweight champ, dies in a plane crash at 45
1973 - John Ford, US director (Mary of Scotland, Stagecoach), dies at 78
1973 - Raymond Keane, dies at 66
1973 - Stan Worthington, English cricket pace bowler (9 Tests 1930-36), dies
1974 - William Pershing Benedict, American pilot
1974 - Norman Kirk, New Zealand prime minister (b. 1923
1975 - Pierre Blaise, French actor (Lacombe Lucien), dies at 24
1976 - Kornelis H Miskotte, theologist (If the Gods Keep Silent), dies at 81
1978 - John Wrathall, President of Rhodesia (b. 1913)
Film director John FordFilm director John Ford (1973) 1979 - E J "Tiger" Smith, England cricket wicket-keeper 1911-14), dies
1979 - Sally Rand, stripper, dies at 75
1981 - Joseph H Hirschhorn, US art collector/founder H Museum, dies at 82
1981 - Victor Trumper Jr, cricketer (7 games for NSW, 74 runs 12 wkts), dies
1985 - Frank Macfarlane Burnet, Australian biologist, Nobel laureate (b. 1899)
1986 - Henry Moore, English sculptor/cartoonist, dies at 88
1986 - Urho K Kekkonen, premier/president of Finland, dies at 85
1990 - Johnny Lindsay, cricketer (South African wicket-keeper 1947), dies
1990 - Nat (Sweetwater) Clifton, NY Knick, dies at 65 of a heart attack
1991 - Leigh Watson, US aviation pioneer/air force general, dies at 93
1993 - Gerben Wagenaar, Dutch resistance fighter (communist), dies at 80
1994 - Artur Balsam, Polish/US pianist, dies at 88
1994 - Barbara Hammer Avedon, scriptwriter, dies at 69
1994 - Norman "Doc" Jones, bassist, dies at 68
1995 - Beant Singh, PM of Punjab province of India, assassinated at 73
1995 - David Farrar, actor (Beat Girl, I Accuse, Watusi), dies at 87
1995 - David Richard Holloway, literary Editor, dies at 71
1995 - Hajime Miterai, industrialist, dies at 56
1995 - Horst Janssen, graphic Artist, dies at 65
1995 - John Erik Jonsson, businessman/Mayor of Dallas, dies at 93
1996 - David Scott, priest, dies at 72
1996 - Harald James Penrose, pilot, dies at 92
1996 - Milton "Tippy" Larkin, band leader, dies at 85
Princess of Wales Diana SpencerPrincess of Wales Diana Spencer (1997) 1997 - Diana Spencer, Princess of Wales, dies in car crash in Paris at 36
2000 - Patricia Owens, Canadian actress (b. 1925)
2002 - Lionel Hampton, American vibraphone player (b. 1908)

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