This Day in History for 1st December

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 218

772 - Pope Adrian I elected
800 - Charlemagne judges the accusations against Pope Leo III in the Vatican.
1167 - Northern Italian towns form Lombardi League
1420 - Henry V of England enters Paris.
1566 - Spanish king Philip II names Fernando Alvarez, duke of Alva
1626 - Pasha Muhammad ibn Farukh tyrannical gov of Jerusalem, driven out
1640 - Portugal regains independence after 60 years of Spanish rule
1641 - Mass becomes 1st colony to give statutory recognition to slavery
1653 - An athlete from Croydon is reported to have run 20 miles from St Albans to London in less than 90 minutes
1656 - Germany promises Poland aid against Sweden
1708 - Great Alliance occupies Brussels
1742 - Empress Elisabeth orders expulsion of all Jews from Russia
Holy Roman Emperor CharlemagneHoly Roman Emperor Charlemagne 1750 - 1st American school to offer manual training courses opens, Md
1768 - The slave ship Fredensborg sinks off Tromøy in Norway.
1783 - Jacques Charles & Nicolas Roberts make first untethered ascension with gas hydrogen balloon in Paris
1821 - Santo Domingo (Dominican Rep) proclaims independence from Spain
1822 - Dom Pedro crowned emperor of Brazil
1822 - Franz Liszts (11) debut as pianist Isabella Colbran
1824 - US House of Representatives begins to decide outcome of election deadlock between John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson (Adams wins)
1831 - Erie Canal closes for entire month due to cold weather
Author Hans Christian AndersenAuthor Hans Christian Andersen 1835 - Hans Christian Andersen publishes his 1st book of fairy tales
1843 - 1st chartered mutual life insurance company opens
1852 - Telegraph company opens throughout Netherlands
1864 - Raid at Stoneman: Knoxville, TN to Saltville, VA
1864 - Skirmish at Millen Brutal, Georgia
1868 - John D Rockefeller begins anti oil war
1878 - 1st White House telephone installed
1884 - American Old West: Near Frisco, New Mexico, deputy sheriff Elfego Baca holds off a gang of 80 Texan cowboys who want to kill him for arresting Charles McCarthy.
1887 - Sherlock Holmes 1st appears in print: "Study in Scarlet"
Oil Industrialist John D. RockefellerOil Industrialist John D. Rockefeller 1887 - Sino-Portuguese treaty recognizes Portugal's control of Macao
1891 - James Naismith creates the game of basketball
1896 - 1st certified public accountants receive certificates (NY)
1900 - Exiled South African president Paul Kruger visits Flanders and on the same day is declined a visit from the German Kaiser
1900 - Portifiro Diaz is inaugurated for his 6th consecutive term as President of Mexico
1903 - "The Great Train Robbery", the 1st Western film, released
1906 - Cinema Omnia Pathe, world's 1st cinema, opens (Paris)
1906 - Shoemaker Wilhelm Voigt (Capt of Köpenick) sentenced to 4 yrs
Basketball Inventor James NaismithBasketball Inventor James Naismith 1909 - 1st Christmas Club payment made, to Carlisle Trust Co, Pa
1909 - 1st Israeli kibbutz founded, Deganya Alef
1913 - 1st drive-up gasoline station opens (Pitts)
1913 - Continuous moving assembly line introduced by Ford (car every 2:38)
1915 - The US requests that Germany withdraw its military and naval attaches from the Embassy in Washington
1916 - There is virtual civil war in Greece as royalists fight Venizelist, and the Allies determine on a Venizelist victory
1917 - Boys Town founded by Father Edward Flanagan west of Omaha Neb
1918 - Danish parliament passed an act to grant Iceland independence under Danish crown
1918 - Serbian-Croatian-Slovic kingdom proclaimed in Belgrade
1918 - Yugoslavia declares independence; monarchy established
1919 - AA Milne's "Mr Pim Passes By" premieres in Manchester
1919 - Lady Nancy Astor sworn-in as 1st female member of British Parliament
1921 - 1st US helium-filled dirigible makes 1st flight
1921 - US Post Office establishes philatelic agency
1922 - 1st skywriting over US-"Hello USA"-by Capt Turner, RAF
1922 - Polish state chief marshal Jozef Pilsudski resigns
1923 - CFL Grey Cup: Queen's U beats Regina 54-0 at Toronto
1924 - Calles becomes president of Mexico
1924 - George/Ira Gershwin's musical "Lady Be Good" premieres in NYC
1925 - Treaty of Locarno signed
1928 - CFL Grey Cup: Ham Tigers beats Regina 30-0 at Hamilton
1928 - Railroad museum opens in Utrecht Neth
1929 - Game of Bingo invented by Edwin S Lowe
1930 - NHL drops 20 minute slashing-about-the-head penalty
1931 - Ottawa branch of Royal Mint begins operation as Royal Canadian Mint
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf HitlerDictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler 1933 - Rudolf Hess & Earnest Rohm become a minister in Hitler government
1934 - Leningrad mayor Sergey Kirov assassinated, used by Stalin as the excuse to begin the Great Purge of 1934-38.
1935 - Austria has world's 1st Day of Postage Stamp
1936 - 2nd Heisman Trophy Award: Larry Kelley, Yale (E)
1936 - Bell Labs tests coaxial cable for TV use
1936 - EW Brundin & FF Lyon obtain patent on soilless culture of plants
1937 - Japan recognizes Franco government
1938 - School bus & train collide in Salt Lake City Utah
1939 - SS-Fuhrer Himmler begins deportation of Polish Jews
1941 - British cruiser Devonshire sinks German sub Python
1941 - Japanese emperor Hirohito signs declaration of war
Spanish Dictator and General Francisco FrancoSpanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco 1941 - Last day of first-class cricket in Australia for 4 years
1941 - US Civil Air Patrol (CAP) organizes
1942 - Gasoline rationed in US
1942 - The Beveridge Report is published by the British government unveiling plans for a post-war welfare state
1943 - FDR, Churchill & Stalin agree to Operation Overlord (D-Day)
1944 - Béla Bartòk's Concerto for orchestra, premieres
1944 - Mail routing resumes in free South Netherlands
1944 - Prokofjev's 8th Piano sonata, premieres
1945 - CFL Grey Cup: Toronto beats Winnipeg 35-0 at Toronto
1946 - Australia compile 645 v India at the Gabba (Bradman 187)
Cricket Legend Donald BradmanCricket Legend Donald Bradman 1947 - Bradman scores 185 in the 1st Cricket Test v India at the Gabba
1947 - India cricket all out for 58 v Australia at the Gabba, Toshack 5-2
1948 - Arabic Congress names Abdullah of Trans Jordan as King of Palestine
1948 - Piet Roozenburg becomes world champion checker player
1949 - WBNG TV channel 12 in Binghamton, NY (CBS) begins broadcasting
1949 - WKTV TV channel 2 in Utica, NY (NBC) begins broadcasting
1951 - 17th Heisman Trophy Award: Dick Kazmaier, Princeton (HB)
1951 - Benjamin Britten's opera "Billy Budd" premieres in London
1951 - Golden Gate Bridge closes due to high winds
1952 - The New York Daily News reports the first successful sexual reassignment operation.
1953 - Red Sox trade M McDermott & Tom Umphlett for Wash's Jackie Jensen
1953 - WAIM (now WAXA) TV channel 40 in Anderson, SC (IND) 1st broadcast
1953 - WCSH TV channel 6 in Portland, ME (NBC) begins broadcasting
1953 - Walter Alston named Dodger manager
1954 - Nationalist China & US sign dike agreement
1954 - Yanks send Miller, Segrist, Leppert & 2 minors to Orioles for Blayzka, Kryhoski, Johnson, Fridley & Del Guercio (completing 18 player deal)
Civil Rights Activist Rosa ParksCivil Rights Activist Rosa Parks 1955 - Rosa Parks arrested for refusing to move to the back of bus and give her seat to a white passenger

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 220

1081 - Louis VI of France (d. 1137)
1083 - Anna Comnena, Byzantine historian (d. 1153)
1521 - Takeda Shingen, Japanese warlord (d. 1573)
1525 - Tadeáš Hájek, Czech physician and astronomer (d. 1600)
1549 - Johan van der Veeken, merchant/co-founder (VOC)
1566 - Philip, earl of Nassau-Dillenburg, gov of Ft Gorinchem/Nijmegen
1573 - Philippus Rovenius, [Rouveen], apostile
1580 - Nicolas-Claude Fabri de Peiresc, French astronomer (d. 1637)
1605 - Juan de Padilla, composer
1634 - John-Erasmus Quellinus, [Quellien], Flemish painter
1671 - Keill, mathematician
1671 - Francesco Stradivari, Italian violin maker/son of Antonius
1690 - Philip Yorke, 1st Earl of Hardwicke, Lord Chancellor of England (d. 1764)
1709 - Franz Xaver Richter, composer
1712 - Bernhard Christian Weber, composer
1716 - Etienne-Maurice Falconet, French sculptor (d. 1791)
1722 - A L Karschin, writer
1724 - Charles Theodoor, elector (Palts & Bayern)
1724 - Dismas Hatas, composer
1726 - Eggert Olafsson, Icelandic writer
1726 - Oliver Wolcott, US judge/signer (Declar of Independence)
1729 - Giuseppe Sarti, composer
1743 - Martin H Klaproth, German chemist (uranium)
1766 - Nikolai Mikhailovich Karamzin, Russian writer (d. 1826)
1779 - Pyotr Ivanovich Turchaninov, composer
1781 - Charles Philippe Lafont, composer
1784 - Francois Henri Joseph Castil-Blaze, composer
1787 - Pavel Ivanovich Dulgorukov, composer
1792 - Lobachevsky, mathematician
1810 - Joseph Gungl, composer
1814 - August Rockel, composer
1823 - Ernest Reyer, composer
1826 - William Mahone, Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1895
1832 - Archibald Gracie Jr, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1864
1835 - Micah Jenkins, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1864
1844 - Alexandra, Danish princess/Queen of Great Britain/Ireland
1844 - Alfred Cellier, composer
1847 - Agathe Grondahl, composer
1850 - Peter Erasmus Lange-Muller, composer
1869 - Eligiusz Niewiadomski, Polish assassin of Gabriel Narutowicz (d. 1923)
1871 - Archie MacLaren, cricketer (424 Lancashire v Somerset 1895)
1873 - Charles JM Ruys de Beerenbrouck, premier of Neth (1918-25, 29-33)
1873 - Valery Bryusov, Russian poet (d. 1924)
1874 - Dominicus Johner, composer
1876 - Johanna W "Mina" Bakker, Dutch actress (Boefje)
1878 - Arthur B Spingarn, US NAACP-chairman (1940-65)
1883 - Romanos Hovakimi Melik'yan, composer
1884 - Torben Myer, Copenhagen Denmark, actor (Girl Who Came Back)
1884 - Karl Schmidt-Rottluff, German painter (d. 1976)
1885 - Guy de Lioncourt, composer
1886 - Jack Crawford, cricketer (England all-rounder in 12 Tests 1905-08)
1886 - Pierre Kemp, Dutch poet (Fugitives & Constants)
1886 - Rex Stout, Noblesville Indiana, American mystery writer (Nero Wolf novels)
1886 - Willem E Crown, Antillian writer
1891 - Foppe G Scheltema, Dutch lawyer (wreck laws)
1893 - Ernst Toller, writer
1893 - Herman Griffith, cricketer (pioneering WI pace bowler)
1895 - Henry Williamson, English author (d. 1977)
1896 - Petko Staynov, composer
1897 - Manuel A Neat, Curacaos author (Nobleza di Coerazon)
1898 - Cyril Ritchard, Sydney Australia, actor (Peter Pan, Hans Brinker)
1899 - Robert Welch, found John Birch Society
1901 - Dorothy James, composer
1901 - Ilona Feher, Hungarian-Jewish violinist (d. 1988)
1902 - Morris "Red" Badgro, Wash, NFL hall of famer (Yanks, Giants, Dodgers)
1904 - W A "Tony" Boyle, United Mine Workers president
1905 - Charles Finney, US, author (Circus of Dr Lao)
1905 - Ida Carroll, musician
1905 - Alexander Wilson, Canadian and Notre Dame athlete (d. 1994)
1906 - Jean Cartan, composer
1908 - Georgios Kasassoglou, Greek musician (d. 1984)
1909 - Jan Koplowitz, writer
1910 - Dame Markova, [Alicia Lilian Alice Marks], London, ballerina
1910 - Joel Fluellen, LA, actor (Burning Cross, Learning Tree)
1910 - Louis Slotin, Winnipeg Manitoba, Canadian Physicist and Chemist (Manhattan Project, Los Alamos) who assembled the plutonium core for 'Trinity', the first detonated atomic device
1911 - Walter Alston, baseball manager (Dodgers)
1911 - Calvin Griffith, Canadian-born baseball executive (d. 1999)
1912 - Minoru Yamasaki, architect (World Trade Center, NY)
1912 - Terence Beckles, pianist/teacher
Actress Mary MartinActress Mary Martin (1913) 1913 - Mary Martin, Weatherford Tx, actress (Peter Pan) Larry Hagman's mom
1914 - Dame Alicia Markova, ballerina (Diaghilev Ballet Russe 1925-32)
1914 - Johnny Johnston, St Louis Mo, singer (Make that Spare)
1917 - Marty Marion, baseball player (NL MVP 1944)
1917 - William Tracy, Pitts, actor (To the Shores of Tripoli)
1918 - Kirby Laing, English contractor/multi-millionaire
1919 - Anne Cox Chambers, Dayton Ohio, US ambassador to Belgium (1977-81)
1919 - Ike Isaacs, guitarist
1921 - Ralph Manza, SF California, actor (Banacek, Mama Malone, Newhart)
1922 - Geraldine McCulloug, Maywood Ill, painter/sculptor (Phoenix)
1922 - Paul Picerni, NYC, actor (Agent Lee Hobson-Untouchables)
1922 - Vsevolod Bobrov, Soviet ice hockey player (d. 1979)
1923 - Stansfield Turner, CIA director
1923 - Morris, Belgian cartoonist (Lucky Luke) (d. 2001)
1925 - Jaime Mendoza-Nava, composer
1925 - Jordan Klein, Miami Fla, cameraman/director (Thunderball)
1925 - Martin Rodbell, American scientist, Nobel laureate (d. 1998)
1926 - Allyn Ann McLerie, Quebec, actress (Tony Randall Show, Thorn Birds)
1926 - Keith Michell, Adelaide Australia, actor (6 Wives of Henry VIII)
1926 - Robert Symonds, Bristow Oklahoma, actor (Robert E. Lee-Blue & Gray)
1927 - Grant Beglarian, composer

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 9 of 9

NFL Running Back Gale SayersNFL Running Back Gale Sayers (1973) 1973 - NFL running back Gale Sayers (30) weds second wife Ardythe Bullard
1982 - Martial artist Jackie Chan (28) weds actress Lin Feng-jiao (29) in Los Angeles
1990 - Film director John Carpenter (36) weds producer Sandy King
1996 - Model-actress Angie Everhart (27) weds actor Ashley Hamilton (22) at the Beverly Hills Presbyterian Church in Los Angeles
2012 - Congressman Joseph Kennedy III (32) weds Lauren Anne Birchfield (28) at the Community Church in Corona del Mar, California
2012 - "The Bachelorette" reality star Ashley Hebert weds J.P. Rosenbaum at the Langham Huntington Hotel in Pasadena, California
Horror film director John CarpenterHorror film director John Carpenter (1990) 2012 - "X Factor" and "Extra" host Mario Lopez (39) weds actress Courtney Mazza (31) in an outdoor ceremony in Punta Mita, Mexico
2012 - Philadelphia Phillies first baseman Ryan Howard (33) weds Philadelphia Eagles cheerleader Krystle Campbell in Maui, Hawaii
2012 - Minnesota Twins baseball catcher Joe Mauer (29) weds Maddie Bisanz at Nativity of Our Lord Catholic Church in St. Paul, Minnesota

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 1 of 1

2008 - "CSI" actress Marg Helgenberger (50) divorces actor Alan Rosenberg (58) due to irreconcilable differences after 19 years of marriage

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 120

660 - Eligius/Eloy, French bishop of Tournay-Noyon/saint, dies
1135 - Henry I Beauclerc, King of England (1st English King fluent in the English language), dies
1241 - Isabella of England, wife of Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1214)
1374 - Magnus Eriksson, king of Norway/Sweden, dies
1377 - King Magnus II of Sweden (b. 1316)
1417 - Walraven I van Brederode, viceroy of Holland, dies
1433 - Emperor Go-Komatsu of Japan (b. 1377)
1455 - Lorenzo Ghiberti, Italian sculptor, dies at 77
Pope Leo XPope Leo X (1521) 1521 - Leo X, [Giovanni de' Medici], Italian Pope (1513-21), dies at 45
1530 - Margaretha of Austria, governess of the Netherlands, dies at 51
1580 - Edmund Campion, English jesuit, hanged at 42
1580 - Giovanni Morone, Italian theologian/diplomat/cardinal, dies at 71
1581 - Ralph Sherwin, English Catholic saint (b. 1550)
1581 - Alexander Briant, English saint (b. around 1556)
1602 - Kobayakawa Hideaki, Japanese samurai and warlord (b. 1582)
1623 - Thomas Weelkes, composer, dies at 47
1633 - Isabella of Austria, infante of Spain/governess in Holland, dies at 67
1635 - Melchior Teschner, composer, dies at 51
1651 - Cristobal de Isla Diego, composer, dies at 65
1660 - Pierre d'Hozier, French historian (b. 1592)
1700 - Willem ten Rhijne, Dutch physician in Batavia, dies at about 53
1707 - Jeremiah Clarke, composer, dies
1709 - Abraham a Sancta Clara, [Johann Megerle], German court preacher and friar, dies at 65
1723 - Susanna Centlivre, English dramatist and actress
1727 - Johann Heinrich Buttstett, composer, dies at 61
1729 - Christian Ludwig Boxberg, composer, dies at 59
1729 - Giacomo F. Maraldi, French-Italian astronomer (b. 1665)
1736 - Simon van Slingelandt, Dutch grand pensionary (1727-36), dies at 72
1750 - Doppelmayr, mathematician
1755 - Maurice Greene, composer, dies at 59
1767 - Henry Erskine, 10th Earl of Buchan, British Freemason (b. 1710)
1797 - Oliver Wolcott, US judge/signer (Decl of Independence), dies at 71
1808 - Anton Fischer, composer, dies at 30
1813 - Ferdinando Bertoni, composer, dies at 88
1817 - Justin Heinrich Knechtl, composer, dies at 65
1825 - Tsar Alexander I of Russia (b. 1777). Reigned from 1801
1842 - Philip Spencer, 1st US naval officer condemned for mutiny, hanged
1865 - Constant van Crombrugghe, Flemish monastery founder, dies at 76
1865 - Abraham Emanuel Fröhlich, Swiss poet (b. 1796)
1866 - George Everest, Welsh surveyor and namesake of Mt. Everest (d. 1790)
1884 - William Swainson (lawyer), second, and last, Attorney-General (New Zealand) of the Crown Colony of New Zealand (b. 1809)
1887 - Albertus J Duymaer van Twist, gov-gen of Dutch-Indies, dies at 78
1892 - Joseph Lippens, Belgian lieutenant in Congo, murdered
1893 - Eduard Franck, composer, dies at 76
1901 - George Lohmann, cricketer (in South Africa 18 Tests, 112 wickets), dies
1916 - Charles E Vicomte de Foucauld, French explorer, dies at 58
1923 - Virginie Loveling, Belgian writer and poet (b. 1836)
1925 - Vicente Arregui Garay, composer, dies at 54
1926 - Hans Heinrich XIV Hochberg, composer, dies at 83
1928 - José Eustasio Rivera, Colombian writer (b. 1888)
1932 - Amadeo Vives, composer, dies at 61
1934 - Sergei M Kirov, Josef Stalin's collaborator, assassinated in Leningrad
1935 - Bernard Schmidt, inventor (Schmidt camera), dies
1939 - Max Fiedler, composer, dies at 79
1941 - Horace Chapman, cricketer (2 Tests for South Africa, 39 runs, 1 wkt), dies
1943 - Damrong Rajanubhab, Thai prince and historian (b. 1862)
1945 - Harvey Bartlett Gaul, composer, dies at 64
1947 - Aleister Edward S Crowley, British occultist, dies at 72
1947 - Hardy, mathematician, dies
1950 - Ernest John Moeran, British composer, dies at 55
1951 - Felix Petyrek, composer, dies at 59
1952 - Victor E Orlando, Italian premier (1917-19), dies at 92
1954 - Fred Rose, American songwriter and music publishing executive (b. 1897)
1960 - Ion Vasilescu, composer, dies at 57
1964 - J. B. S. Haldane, Scottish geneticist (b. 1892)
1968 - Hugo Haas, actor/director (Bait, Pick Up), dies of asthma at 66
1968 - Dario Moreno, Turkish-Jewish singer (b. 1921)
1969 - Magic Sam, American blues guitarist and singer (b. 1937)
1970 - Frank Smailes, cricketer (England pace bowler Test v India 1946), dies
1971 - Arthur B Springarn, US NAACP chairman (1940-65), dies at 93
1972 - Antonio Segni, Italian PM/pres (1955-57, 59-60, 62-64), dies at 81
First Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-GurionFirst Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion (1973) 1973 - David Ben-Gurion, founding father of Israel, dies in Tel Aviv at 87
1974 - Lajos Zilahy, Hungarian/US author (Angry Angel), dies at 83
1974 - Stephen Gill Spottswood, US bishop/chairman (NAACP), dies at 77
1975 - Nick Kenny, US columnist/songwriter (Nick Kenny Show), dies at 80
1975 - Nellie Fox, American baseball player (b. 1927)
1975 - Anna E. Roosevelt, American radio personality (b. 1906)
1977 - Paul Hardy, Belgian designer (Italian Country, dies at 69
1980 - Sam Levene, actor (Purple Heart, Designing Women), dies at 75
1982 - Dorothy James, composer, dies on 81st birthday
1983 - Mirsky, mathematician, dies
1984 - Roelof Frankot, Dutch painter (b. 1911)
1986 - Horace Heidt, orchestra leader (Swift Show Wagon), dies at 85
1986 - Robert L "Bobby" Layne, football player (Detroit Lions), dies at 59
1986 - [Irving] Lee Dorsey, [Kid Chocolate], US singer and boxer, dies at 59
1987 - Donn Fulton Eisele, Col USAF/astronaut, dies of a heart attack at 57
1987 - James Arthur Baldwin, writer (Another Country), dies at 63
1987 - Punch Imlach, Canadian ice hockey coach and general manager (b. 1918)
1989 - Alvin Ailey, US choreographer (Blues Suite, Revelations), dies at 58
1990 - Jan H de Groot, Dutch co-founder (Vrij Nederland), dies
Indian Politician and Diplomat Vijaya Lakshmi PanditIndian Politician and Diplomat Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit (1990) 1990 - Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit, Indian diplomat and politician, dies at 90
1991 - Byron Webster, actor (That Man Bolt), dies of AIDS at 58
1991 - George Joseph Stigler, US economist (Nobel 1982), dies at 80
1994 - Hugh Chilvers, cricketer (151 wickets leg-spin for NSW 1928-37), dies
1994 - Lionel Stander, actor (Max-Hart to Hart), dies at 86
1996 - Barbak Karmal, politician, dies at 67
1996 - Irving Gordon, songwriter, dies at 81
1997 - Denis Gerald Barrington, artist, dies at 67
1997 - Stephane Grappelli, French jazz violinist, dies at 89
1997 - Michel Bélanger, French Canadian businessman and banker (b. 1929)

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