This Day in History for 12th December

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 178

627 - Battle at Nineveh: Byzantine emperor Heraclius beats Perzen
1098 - 1st Crusaders capture & plunder Mara Syria
1408 - Order of the Dragon: The Order of the Dragon was first created on December 12, 1408 by Emperor Sigismund, then King of Hungary, and his wife Queen Barbara of Celje following the battle for possession of Bosnia.
1474 - Isabella crowns herself queen of Castile & Aragon
1479 - Jews are expelled from Schlettstadt Alsace by Emperor Frederick III
1524 - Pope Clement VII approves Organization of Jewish Community of Rome
1527 - Composer Adrian Willaert moves from Milan to Venice
1653 - English Barebones Parliament ends
1677 - Brandenburgs army occupies Stettin
1700 - Utrecht/Overijssel/Buren/Leerdam/Ijsselstein adopt Gregorian calendar
1715 - Russian/Prussian troops occupy Stralsund [NS=12/23]
1769 - Pope Clement XIV proclaims a universal jubilee
1787 - Pennsylvania becomes 2nd state to ratify US constitution
1791 - Bank of US opens
1792 - In Vienna, Ludwig Von Beethoven (22) receives 1st lesson in music composition from Franz Joseph Haydn
1800 - Washington DC established as capital of US
1812 - French invasion of Russia comes to an end.
1822 - Mexico officially recognized as an independent nation by US
1858 - 1st Canadian coins circulated (1 cent, 5 cent, 10 cent & 20 cent)
1862 - Battle of Dumfries, VA
1862 - Naval Engagement at Yazoo River, MS (USS CAIRO torpedoed)
1870 - Joseph Rainey (SC) became 1st black sworn into House of Reps
1871 - Jules Janssen discovers dark lines in solar corona spectrum
1878 - Joseph Pulitzer begins publishing "St Louis Dispatch"
1884 - 1st Test match played at the Adelaide Oval
1897 - Anti-Jewish violence breaks out in Bucharest Romania
1897 - Rudolph Dirks' 1st Katzenjammer cartoon strip in NY Journal
1897 - Belo Horizonte, the first planned city of Brazil, is founded.
1898 - 1st 1st-class game between NSW & Tasmania
1899 - 1st case of plague on Oahu, Hawaii
1899 - George F Bryant of Boston patents the wooden golf tee
1900 - National Negro Anthem, "Lift Every Voice & Sing", composed
Inventor and Nobel Laureate Guglielmo MarconiInventor and Nobel Laureate Guglielmo Marconi 1901 - Guglielmo Marconi sends the first transatlantic radio signal, from Poldhu in Cornwall to Newfoundland
1903 - Roger Casement completes report about abuses in Belgian Congo
1904 - CMS McClellans "Leah Kleschna" premieres in NYC
1906 - Oscar Straus, 1st Jewish government member, appointed Sec of Commerce
1911 - Delhi replaces Calcutta as the capital of India.
1912 - R Friml/O Harbachs musical "Firefly" premieres in NYC
1913 - Hebrew language officially used to teach in Palestinian schools
1914 - The largest one-day percentage drop in the history of Dow Jones Industrial Average, down 24.39%.
1915 - 1st all-metal aircraft (Junkers J-1) test flown at Dessau, Germany
1915 - Aristide Briand forms French war government
1915 - Russian troops overrun Hamadan, Persia
1917 - French troop train derails in French Alps killing 543
1917 - Rev Edward Flanagan forms Boys Town outside Omaha, Nebraska
1920 - Maurice Ravels ballet "La Valse" premieres in Paris
1925 - Arthur Heinman coins term "motel"; opens Motel Inn, San Luis Obispo
1925 - Last Qajar Shah of Iran deposed; Rezā Shāh Pahlavi takes over
1926 - Leningrad: premier of Dmitri Shostakovich's 1st Piano concert
1928 - Nichols/Brownes "Wings over Europe" premieres in NYC
1930 - Baseball Rules Committee greatly revises the rule book
1930 - Baseball changes rule, ball bounces into stands not a HR, now a double
1930 - Start of the 1st Australia v West Indies Test (at Adelaide)
1931 - Japanese government of Imukai forms
1932 - S N Behrman's "Biography" premieres in NYC
1932 - USSR & China resume diplomatic relations
1936 - Chinese leader Chiang Kai-shek declares war on Japan
1937 - NBC & RCA sends 1st mobile-TV vans onto the streets of NY
1937 - Washington Redskins win NFL championship
1937 - Japanese aircraft shell & sink US gunboat Panay on Yangtze River in China. (Japan apologized & eventually paid US $2.2M in reparations)
1939 - Russ Indigirka capsizes in blizzard off Japanese coast; 750 die
1940 - British troops conquer Sidi el-Barrani
1941 - European reservists on Java mobilize
1941 - German occupying army do a house search in Paris looking for Jews
1941 - Russian 20th army recaptures Soljetsjnogorsk
1942 - German offensive in South Western Stalingrad
1942 - A fire in a hostel in St. John's, Newfoundland, kills 100 people.
1945 - Special Court of justice convicts Dutch Nazi leader Mussert to death
1946 - Ice plant collapses, shearing a tenement building & burying 38
1946 - Tide detergent introduced
Financier and Philanthropist John D. Rockefeller JrFinancier and Philanthropist John D. Rockefeller Jr 1946 - UN accepts 6 Manhattan blocks as a gift from John D. Rockefeller Jr
1947 - United Mine Workers union withdrew from AFL
1948 - Malayan Emergency: Batang Kali Massacre - 14 members of the Scots Guards stationed in Malaysia allegedly massacre 24 unarmed civilians and set fire to the village.
1949 - AL votes 7-1 rejecting legalizing the spitball
1950 - 16th Heisman Trophy Award: Vic Janowicz, Ohio State (HB)
1950 - Baseball owners vote to drop 4-year old bonus & high school rule
1951 - Joe DiMaggio announces his retirement
1952 - Dallas Texans (former Boston Yanks) play last game, last original team
1953 - Chuck Yeager reaches Mach 2.43 in Bell X-1A rocket plane
1955 - 1st prototype of hovercraft patented by British engineer Christoper Cockerell
1956 - Commencement of the Irish Republican Army's Border Campaign.
1957 - Maj Adrian Drew flies 1,943 kph in F-101 Voodoo
1957 - US announces manufacture of Borazon (harder than diamond)
1958 - Dutch social democratic party-ministers/premier Drees dismissed
1958 - Fergie Gupte takes 9-102 with leggies v W Indies at Kanpur
1959 - UN Committee on Peaceful Use of Outer Space is established
1961 - Ham radio satellite Oscar 1 launched with military Discoverer 36
Clergyman and Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.Clergyman and Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr. 1961 - Martin Luther King Jr. & 700 demonstraters arrested in Albany Ga
1962 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1963 - Argentina asks for extradition of ex-president Peron
1963 - Frank Sinatra Jr returned after being kidnapped
1963 - Kenya (formerly British East Africa) declares independence from UK
1964 - Cleveland Browns' Frank Ryan sets club record of 5 TD passes
1964 - Shooting starts for "Star Trek" pilot "The Cage" (Menagerie)
1965 - Beatles' last concert in Great Britain (Capitol Theatre in Cardiff, Wales)
1965 - Doug Walters makes maiden Test ton in 1st Test, goes on to 155
NFL Running Back Gale SayersNFL Running Back Gale Sayers 1965 - Gale Sayers of Chicago Bears scores 6 TDs, ties NFL record
1965 - Vivian Beaumont Theater opens at 65th St & Amsterdam Ave NYC
1966 - US Supreme Courts votes 4-3 allowing Braves to move to Atlanta
1967 - US launches Pioneer 8 into solar orbit

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 249

1298 - Albert II of Austria (d. 1358)
1418 - Albert VI of Austria (d. 1463)
1574 - Anne of Denmark, daughter of Danish King Frederik II and Queen Consort of James I of England (d. 1619)
1579 - Heinrich Steuccius, composer
1610 - Saint Vasilije (d. 1671)
1630 - Olof Rudbeck, composer
1659 - Francesco Galli-Bibiena, Italian architect/designer (d. 1739)
1660 - Peter Rabus, poet/translator (Liberated Britanje)
1673 - Ahmed III, 23rd sultan (Turkey, 1703-30)
1685 - Lodovico Giustini, composer
1712 - Charles Alexander, Duke of Lotharingen
1715 - Gennaro Manna, composer
British Admiral Samuel HoodBritish Admiral Samuel Hood (1724) 1724 - Samuel Hood, Butleigh, 1st Viscount Hood, British admiral, (d. 1816)
1731 - Erasmus Darwin, Newark-on-Trent, U.K., influential English physician, poet, philosopher, and botanist (and grandfather of Charles Darwin)
1745 - John Jay, New York, NY, American statesman, 1st US Chief Justice
1779 - Madeleine Sophie Barat, French saint (d. 1865)
1783 - Ner Alexander Middleswarth, American politician (d. 1865)
1786 - William L. Marcy, American statesman (d. 1857)
1791 - Archduchess Marie Louise of Austria, second wife of Napoleon (d. 1847)
1792 - Alexandros Ypsilanti, Greek resistance fighter
Ist US Chief Justice John JayIst US Chief Justice John Jay (1745) 1799 - Karl Briullov, Russian painter (d. 1852)
1805 - Henry Wells, founder (American Express Co & Wells Fargo & Co)
1806 - Stand Watie, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1871
1818 - Paul Octave Hebert, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1880
1821 - Gustave Flaubert, France, novelist (Madame Bovary)
1830 - Joseph Orville Shelby, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1897
1832 - Abraham C Wertheim, Dutch banker/MP (liberal)
1833 - Matthias Hohner, German manufacturer (harmonica)
1835 - Georges Jean Pfeiffer, composer
1838 - Sherburne W Burnham, US, astronomer (binary stars)
1845 - Bruce Price, American architect (d. 1903)
1848 - William Vanderbilt, yachtsman (donated Vanderbilt Cup)
1859 - Edward Bradley, horse owner (1st to own 4 Kentucky Derby winners)
1859 - Maurice Donnay, French playwright (Lovers)
Painter/Print Maker Edvard MunchPainter/Print Maker Edvard Munch (1863) 1863 - Edvard Munch, Løten, Norway, painter/print maker (The Scream), (d. 1944)
1864 - Paul Elmer More, American essayist (d. 1937)
1866 - Alfred Werner, Swiss chemist (Nobel 1913)
1870 - Walter Benona Sharp, American oil baron (d. 1912)
1874 - Volter A Kilpi, Finnish writer (Alastalon salissa)
1875 - Desiderius A Stracke, Flemish jesuit/literature historian
1875 - Karl R G von Rundstedt, German gen-fieldmarshal (Normandy)
1876 - Alvin Kraenzlein, Olympic gold medalist (d. 1928)
1879 - Friedrich Christiansen, nazi commander Wehrmacht Netherland
1879 - Laura Hope Crews, US, actress (Camille, Gone with the Wind)
1879 - Percy Fletcher, composer
1882 - Akiba Rubinstein, Polish chess player (openings theory)
1886 - Owen Moore, County Meath Ireland, actor (She Done Him Wrong)
1887 - Kurt Magnus Atterberg, composer
1889 - Vaclav Stepan, composer
1892 - Herman Potočnik aka Hermann Noordung, Slovenian rocket engineer (d. 1929)
1893 - Edward G Robinson, [Goldenberg], Romania, actor (10 Commandments)
1896 - Eslanda Goode, US anthropology/author under Paul Robeson
1900 - Sammy Davis, Sr., American dancer (d. 1988)
1902 - Howard Koch, screenwriter
1902 - Koloman Sokol, Slovak painter (d. 2003)
1903 - Enid Balint-Edmonds, psychoanalyst
1904 - Jim Christy, righty cricket batter (Transvaal, Queensland & South Africa)
1905 - Manès Sperber, Austrian-born writer (d. 1984)
1906 - William C Pahlmann, interior decorator (4 Season restaurant, NYC)
1907 - F van Heek, Dutch sociologist
1907 - Fred Elizalde, composer
1907 - Roy Douglas, English composer and arranger (Tomorrow We Live-At Dawn We Die)
1909 - Armand H F Boni, the Good One, Flemish poet/writer
1909 - Karen Morley, American actress (d. 2003)
1911 - Anna Russell, composer
1912 - Yusef Bedri, educationist
1913 - Eve Lister, actress/singer (No Limit, Hyde Park)
1913 - Hal Dickinson, singer (Modernaires)
1913 - Stanley Bate, composer
1914 - Denis Begbie, cricketer (South African batsman in five Tests 1948-50)
Singer/Actor Frank SinatraSinger/Actor Frank Sinatra (1915) 1915 - Frank Sinatra, Hoboken New Jersey, American singer/actor (old blue eyes), (d. 1998)
1917 - Edward Firth Henderson, arabist
1918 - Joe Williams [Joseph Goreed], Cordele, Georgia, American jazz singer (Everyday I have the Blues)
1918 - Nilda Pinto, [NM Geerdink-Jesurun P], Curacao writer (Nanzi)
1919 - Olivia Barclay, English astrologer (d. 2001)
1919 - Dan DeCarlo, American cartoonist (d. 2001)
1920 - Fred Kida, American comics artist, (d. 2014)
1922 - Arthur R Hawkins, US pilot/capt (WW II, downed 14 jap planes)
1923 - Bob Barker, Darrington Wash, game show emcee (Price is Right)
1923 - Ken Kavanagh, Australian racing driver
1924 - Edward I Koch, NYC, (Mayor-D-NYC, 1977-89)/judge (People's Court), (d. 2013)
1924 - Francis Miroglio, composer
1924 - Nevit Kodali, composer
1924 - Olivier Gendebien, Belgian auto racer
1925 - Cora Lee Johnson, social activist for rural poor
1925 - D G "Dattu" Phadkar, cricketer (pace bowling all-rounder for India)
1925 - Ghulam Guard, cricketer (lefty pace bowler in 2 Tests for India 1959)
1925 - Vladimir Shainsky, Soviet and Russian composer
1925 - Ahmad Shamlou, Iranian poet (d. 2000)
1927 - Robert Noyce, American inventor (d. 1990)
1928 - Helen Frankenthaler, NY, abstract expressionist artist (Arden)
1928 - Lonesome Sundown, blues singer/guitarist
1928 - Chinghiz Aitmatov, Soviet-born Kyrgyz writer (Jamila)
1929 - Doug Ford, cricket wicket-keeper (successful NSW of 50's)
1929 - John Osborne, England, playwright (Look Back in Anger, Luther-TONY 1964)
1929 - Toshiko Akiyoshi, Japanese musician
1930 - Friedrich Voss, composer
1930 - Bill Beutel, American journalist (d. 2006)
1931 - Lionel Blair, Montreal, choreographer (Spotlight)
NBA Forward Bob PettitNBA Forward Bob Pettit (1932) 1932 - robert pettit, Baton Rouge Louisiana, NBA star (St Louis Bombers/1959 MVP)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 7 of 7

Country Singer Jerry Lee LewisCountry Singer Jerry Lee Lewis (1957) 1957 - Jerry Lee Lewis weds his cousin Myra Gale Brown, 13, while still married to his 1st wife Jane Mitcham
1991 - Actor Richard Gere (42) weds super model Cindy Crawford (25) in Las Vegas
1998 - TV personality Melissa Rivers (30) weds horse breeder John Endicott at The Plaza Hotel in New York City
2001 - Actress Ashley Judd (33) weds race car driver Dario Franchetti (28) at Skibo Castle in Scotland
2005 - Oscar-winning actress Renee Zellweger (36) weds country-music heartthrob singer Kenny Chesney (37) for the reason of fraud after 4 months of marriage
2008 - Fashion mogul Tommy Hilfiger (57) weds former model Dee Ocleppo in Greenwich, Connecticut
2012 - Basketball player Amare Stoudemire (30) weds Alexis Welch in Manhattan

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 131

884 - Carloman, co-king of France (879, 882-884), dies
1112 - Tancred, monarch of Galilea/Edessa/Antioch, dies
1204 - Maimonides, [Moses Ben Maimon], Span/Egyptian rabbi, dies at 69
1212 - Geoffrey, Archbishop of York
1263 - Hakon IV, Gamli, King of Norway (1217-63), dies
Ottoman Sultan Selim IIOttoman Sultan Selim II (1574) 1574 - Selim II, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1524)
1586 - Stefan Batory, King of Poland (b. 1533)
1600 - John Craig, Scottish church reformer/James VI's court vicar, dies
1677 - Jacob Binckes/Benckes, Dutch admiral (Chatham), dies in battle
1685 - John Pell, English mathematician (b. 1610)
1751 - Henry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke, English statesman and philosopher (b. 1678)
1754 - Wu Jingzi, Chinese writer (b. 1701)
1766 - Johann Christoph Gottsched, German writer (b. 1700)
1772 - Johann Gottfried Seyfert, composer, dies at 41
1777 - Albrecht von Haller, Swiss physician/biologist/author, dies at 69
1777 - Reverend Benjamin Russen, executed at Tyburn England for rape
1788 - Joseph Gibbs, composer, dies at 88
1789 - John Ponsonby, Irish politician (b. 1713)
1790 - Mikhail Shcherbatov, Russian philosopher and writer (b. 1733)
1812 - John Malchair, composer, dies at 82
1817 - Emperor Tekle Giyorgis I of Ethiopia, (b. about 1751)
1836 - Giuseppe Farinelli, composer, dies at 67
1843 - Willem I Frederik, King of Netherlands (1814-40), dies at 71
1858 - Jacques Viger, antiquarian and archeologist, first mayor of Montreal (b. 1787)
1872 - Willem A Schimmelpenninck van der Oye, Dutch politician, dies at 72
1877 - Jose M de Alencar, Brazilian writer/minister of Justice, dies at 48
1880 - Michel Chasles, French mathematician (geometry), dies at 83
Poet Robert BrowningPoet Robert Browning (1889) 1889 - Robert Browning, English poet (Ring & Book), dies at 77
1889 - Viktor Bunyakovsky, Russian mathematician (b. 1804)
1894 - Sir John Thompson, fourth Prime Minister of Canada, dies of a sudden heart attack at 49
1912 - Luitpold von Bayern, prince-regent of Bayern, dies at 91
1913 - Emperor Menelek II of Ethiopia (b. 1844)
1914 - Watkins Lewis, black man, lynched in Shrevport, Louisiana
1920 - Olive Schreiner, South Afr writer (Healing Imagination), dies at 75
1920 - Paul Lacome, composer, dies at 82
1921 - Henrietta Leavitt, cepheid period-luminosity relation discover, dies
4th Prime Minister of Canada John Thompson4th Prime Minister of Canada John Thompson (1894) 1923 - Raymond Radiguet, French journalist/writer (Ball du Comte), dies at 20
1926 - Jean Richepin, French poet/writer (Contes sans morale), dies at 77
1927 - Heinrich Reitsch, composer, dies at 67
1929 - Charles Goodnight, American cattle baron (b. 1836)
1932 - Egon Richter, writer, dies
1933 - Theodore Moses Tobani, composer, dies at 78
1934 - Thorleif Haug, Norwegian Nordic skier (b. 1894)
1937 - Alfred Abel, actor (Dr Mabuse, Metropolis), dies at 57
1939 - Douglas Fairbanks, actor (Zorro, 3 Musketeers, Robin Hood), dies at 56
1941 - Cesar Basa, Philippine Air Force and World War II hero (b. 1915)
1951 - Mildred Bailey, American jazz singer (b. 1907)
1952 - Bedřich Hrozný, Czech orientalist and linguist (b. 1879)
1956 - Lorenzo Perosi, composer, dies at 83
1957 - Robert Frank Kurka, composer, dies at 35
1959 - Russell Simpson, actor (Abraham Lincoln), dies at 79
1961 - Daiun Sogaku Harada, Zen founder of Sanbo Kyodan lineage, dies at 91
1962 - Sid Saylor, actor (Wally-Waterfront), dies at 67
1963 - Yasujiro Ozu, Japanese film director (b. 1903)
1964 - H I "Sailor" Young, cricketer (left-arm bowler Eng v Aust 1899), dies
1965 - Johnny Lee, actor (Calhoun-Amos 'n' Andy), dies at 67
1968 - Tallulah Bankhead, actress (All Star Revue), dies of pneumonia at 65
1968 - Walter Robins, cricketer (19 Tests for England 64 wkts), dies
1970 - Louis Zimmer, Flem clock maker (Jubelklok, Wonder Clock), dies at 82
1970 - Doris Blackburn, Australian politician (b. 1889)
1971 - David Sarnoff, US TV pioneer (RCA), dies at 80
1971 - Frank Wolff, actor (Erotic Illusion, Last Gun), commits suicide at 43
1971 - Jack Barnhill, Northern Ireland senator, assassinated
1971 - John A Emmens, art historian/poet (Dog of Pavlov), dies at 47
1976 - Jack Cassidy, actor (Oscar/Jetman-He & She), dies at 49
1976 - Vinko Zganec, Croatian ethnomusicologist (b. 1890)
1977 - Baroness Clementine Spencer-Churchill (nee Hozier), widow of Sir Winston, dies at 92
1978 - Clifton Chenier, US accordionist (Bayou Blues), dies at 53
1978 - Fay Compton, actress (Othello), dies at 74
1980 - Jean Lesage, politician, premier of Quebec (b. 1912)
1985 - Anne Baxter, actress (Myra-Marcus Welby, Victoria-Hotel), dies at 62
1985 - Ian Stewart, Scottish keyboardist/road mgr (Rolling Stones), dies at 47
1987 - Louis de Meester, composer, dies at 83
1987 - Enrique Jorrín, Cuban musician and composer (b. 1926)
1988 - John Canning, NY Post managing editor, dies at 56
1988 - Anthony "Tony Pro" Provenzano, American Mafia figure (b. 1917)
1991 - Eleanor Boardman, actor (Crowd), dies in at 93
1991 - Ken Keltner, US baseball player (Cleveland Indians), dies at 75
1991 - Lex Karsemeijer, Dutch tenor/choral dir (Sweet 16, Pro Musica), dies
1992 - Bernard CJ Lievegoed, Dutch anthroposopher (Free College), dies at 87
1992 - Jasu Patel, cricketer (29 wkts for India, best 9-69 v Aust), dies
1992 - Suzanne Lilar, Belgian essayist, novelist and playwright (b. 1901)
1993 - Gerard "Ge" Nabrink, Dutch anarchist/NVSH-founder, dies at 90
1993 - Jeremiah Sullivan, actor (Soldier, Double-Stop), dies of AIDS at 58
1993 - Jozsef Antall, historian/premier of Hungary (1990-93), dies at 61
1994 - Antoine Pinay, French PM (1952)/foreign minister, dies at 102
1994 - Donna J. Stone, poet, dies of heart failure at 61
1994 - Herman H Felderhof, radio-announcer/head (NRU/NOS Radio), dies at 83
1994 - John Edward Caulwell Hearne, writer, dies at 68
1994 - Stuart Allen Roosa, astronaut (Apollo 14), dies of pancreatitis at 46
1995 - Andrew Olle, broadcaster, dies at 48
1995 - David Lincoln Lightbown, politician, dies at 63
1995 - David Saul Marshall, diplomat lawyer/politician, dies at 97
1995 - James Altgens, JFK assassination photographer, dies at 76
1995 - Lindsay Oliver John Boynton, furniture historian, dies
1995 - Mary Bruce, dance Teacher, dies at 95
1995 - Mohyedin Alempour, tajik artist/journalist, dies at 50
1996 - Gerald Ian Lacey, architect/town planner, dies at 70
1996 - Jack Perry, businessman, dies at 81
1996 - Jean-Pierre Guerlain, cosmetics pioneer, dies at 91

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