This Day in History for 15th December

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 189

533 - Byzantine general Belisarius defeats the Vandals, commanded by King Gelimer, at the Battle of Ticameron.
687 - St Sergius I begins his reign as Catholic Pope succeeding Conon
1124 - Chancellor Haimeric selects pope (Lamberto becomes Honorius II)
1167 - Sicilian chancellor Stephen du Perche moves the royal court to Messina to prevent a rebellion.
1256 - Hulagu Khan captures and destroys the Hashshashin stronghold at Alamut in present-day Iran as part of the Mongol offensive on Islamic southwest Asia.
1467 - Stephen III of Moldavia defeats Matthias Corvinus of Hungary, with the latter being injured thrice, at the Battle of Baia.
1488 - Bartholomeus Diaz returns to Portugal after sailing round Cape of Good Hope
1569 - Westmoreland flees to Scotland
1582 - Leidse university names Rembert Dodoens prof of botany/medicine
1582 - Spanish Netherlands/Denmark/Norway adopt Gregorian calendar
1586 - Laevinus Torrentius, becomes bishop of Antwerp
1593 - State of Holland grants patent on windmill with crankshaft
1612 - Simon Marius, is 1st to observe Andromeda galaxy through a telescope
1640 - Duke of Braganca crowned King Johan IV of Portugal
1660 - Philippines: Andres Malongs rebels plunders Bagnotan
1664 - English colonizing Connecticut
1667 - Brandenburg declares himself neutral in Devolutie War
1680 - Tax revolt on Terschelling due to tax on cereal
1688 - Lord Delamere sides with King James II [NS 12/25]
1745 - Battle at Kesseldorf: Prussia beats Saksen & Austria
1791 - 1st US law school established at University of Pennsylvania
1791 - US Bill of Rights ratified when Virginia gives its approval. Becomes amendments 1-10 of the US constitution
1792 - 1st life insurance policy issued in US (Phila)
1794 - Revolutionary Tribunal abolished in France
1810 - 1st Irish magazine in US, Shamrock, is published
1815 - Rossini gets assignment for Il barbiere di Siviglia
1820 - 1st General pharmacopoeia in US published, Boston
1836 - Patent Office burns in Wash, DC
1854 - 1st street-cleaning machine in US 1st used in Philadelphia
1859 - GR Kirchoff describes chemical composition of Sun
1863 - Skirmish at Bean's Station, Tennessee (Knoxville Campaign)
1863 - Romania is using for the first time a mountain railway (from Anina to Oravita).
1864 - Battle of Nashville, TN
1864 - Raid on Stoneman: Abingdon & Glade Springs, VA
1868 - Shogunate rebels found Ezo Republic in Hokkaidō.
1874 - 1st reigning king to visit US (of Hawaii) received by Pres Grant
Inventor Thomas EdisonInventor Thomas Edison 1877 - Thomas Edison patents phonograph
1891 - James Naismith invents basketball (Canada)
1893 - Dvoráks "From the New World" premieres at Carnegie Hall NYC
1894 - Cricket day 2 1st T Aus v Eng Aus 586 (Gregory 201) England 3-130
1899 - Battle at Colenso, South Africa (Boers-British army)
1905 - The Pushkin House is established in St. Petersburg to preserve the cultural heritage of Alexander Pushkin
1907 - In Persia, the Shah leads a coup de'etat against the liberal Prime Minister Nasir ul-Mulk and imprisons him, but a popular uprising forces the Shah to restore Nasir ul-Mulk soon after
Basketball Inventor James NaismithBasketball Inventor James Naismith 1909 - Thomas J Lynch becomes president of baseball's National League
1913 - Nicaragua becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
1914 - Battle of Lodz ends; Russians retreat toward Moscow
1914 - British fleet forfeits chance to destroy German fleet in North Sea
1914 - Serbian troops retake Belgrade in Austria-Hungary
1916 - French defeat Germans in WW I Battle of Verdun
1917 - Moldavian Republic declares independence from Russia
1917 - World War I: An armistice is reached between the new Russian Bolshevik government and the Central Powers.
1918 - American Jewish Congress holds it's 1st meeting
1919 - Edna St Vincent Millay's "Aria da Capo," premieres in NYC
1919 - Fiume (Rijeka) declares it's Independence
1922 - IVVV (association) peace congress on war forms in Hague
1925 - 1st hockey game at Madison Sq Garden, Mont Candiens 3, NY Americans 1
1925 - 1st road with a depressed trough (Texas) opens to traffic
1926 - Facist national symbol elevated in Italy
1927 - Ed Hickman kidnaps child he later beheads
1929 - Walter Mittelholzer flies as 1st about the Kilimanjaro
1930 - Don Bradman takes his 1st Test Cricket wicket (Ivan Barrow, WI, lbw)
1933 - Baseball owners agree to ban Sunday doubleheaders until after June 15
1934 - Fokker F18 Snip flies to Neth West Indies
1935 - Detroit Lions win NFL championship
1935 - Max Euwe becomes world champ chess beating Alexander Alekhine
1936 - KVL-AM in Seattle Wash changes call letters to KEEN (now KING)
1938 - Groundbreaking begins for Jefferson Memorial in Wash DC
1939 - "Gone With the Wind" premieres in Atlanta
1939 - 1st commercial manufacture of nylon yarn, Seaford, Delaware
1939 - Snip departs for 1st flight to Paramaribo/Curacao
1941 - Gas/electrical use restricted in Holland
1941 - German submarine U-127 sinks
1941 - Nazi's transfers 100 Czech citizens/Heinrich Himmler falls faint
1941 - North Africa: allied assault up Italians Gazala-posing
1941 - USS Swordfish becomes 1st US sub to sink a Japanese ship
1941 - The American Federation of Labor adopts a no-strike policy in war industries.
1942 - Massachusetts issues 1st US vehicular license plate tabs
1944 - Bandleader, Major Glenn Miller, lost over English Channel
1944 - Hizbu'allah (Arm forces for Allah) forms
1944 - US Congress gives General Eisenhower his 5th star
1944 - US troops lands on Mindoro
1945 - John J "Cardinal" O'Connor, ordained as a priest
1946 - Chic Bears beat NY Giants 24-14 in NFL championship game
1946 - Giants Filchock & Hapes suspended by NFL, didn't report bribe attempt
1948 - Former state dept official Alger Hiss indicted in NYC for perjury
Author Albert CamusAuthor Albert Camus 1949 - Albert Camus' "Les Justes" premieres in Paris
1950 - NYC's Port Authority opens
1952 - "Two's Company" opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 90 performances
1952 - Christine Jorgenson is 1st person to undergo a sex-change operation
1952 - KHON TV channel 2 in Honolulu, HI (NBC) begins broadcasting
1952 - Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Orientales Ecclesias
1953 - WJHG TV channel 7 in Panama City, FL (NBC/ABC) begins broadcasting
1954 - Fordham University scraps football team for financial reasons
1954 - Netherlands Antilles becomes co-equal part of Kingdom of Netherlands
1956 - Emergency crisis in North Ireland proclaimed after IRA strikes
1956 - KGW TV channel 8 in Portland, OR (NBC) begins broadcasting
1956 - WRAL TV channel 5 in Raleigh-Durham, NC (CBS) begins broadcasting
1959 - Everly Brothers record "Let It Be Me"
1961 - Adolf Eichmann convicted of crimes against humanity in Israel
1961 - Equal access rule, political parties get TV broadcasting time

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 216

37 - Nero Claudius Augustus Germanicus, 5th emperor of Rome (54-68)
1534 - Lucas Osiander, composer
1567 - Christoph Demantius, composer
1574 - Samuel Besler, composer
1610 - David Teniers II, Flemish courtpainter (Theatrum Pictorium)
1648 - Gregory King, English statistician (Natural & Political Observations)
1657 - Michel-Richard Delalande, composer
1667 - Ludwig Ernst, composer
1720 - J F Beck, writer
1735 - Cesare Beccaria-Bonesana, Italian lawyer
1765 - Philippe-Jacques Pfeffinger, composer
1778 - Godert AGP baron van der Capellen, Dutch gov-gen (Dutch-Indies)
1787 - Charles Cowden Clarke, English editor/Shakespearean critic
1793 - Henry Charles Carey, Phila, economist (Principles of Poli Economy)
1802 - Janos Bolyai, Romania, mathematician (non-Euclidean geometry)
1803 - August Freyer, composer
1812 - Isidor Dannstrom, composer
1821 - Auguste Emmanuel Vaucorbeil, composer
1822 - Edward Stephen, composer
1823 - Friedrich Gottlieb Schwencke, composer
1830 - Francesco D'Arcais, composer
French Engineer Gustave EiffelFrench Engineer Gustave Eiffel (1832) 1832 - Gustave Eiffel [Alexandre], French engineer (Eiffel tower), (d. 1923)
1836 - Edmond Picard, French/Belgian lawyer/writer (La forge Roussel)
1842 - Henry Gadsby, composer
1848 - Edwin Howland Blashfield, decorated the dome of Library of Congress
1852 - Henri Becquerel [Antoine ], discovered radioactivity (Nobel 1903), (d. 1908)
1852 - Tewfik Pasja, khedive (viceroy) of Egypt
1853 - Jean B A Kessler, director of oil on Dutch Indies
1857 - Eugeniusz Pankiewicz, composer
1859 - Ludwik L Zamenhof, Russian Poland, physician/linguist (Esperanto)
Physicist/Nobel Laureate Henri BecquerelPhysicist/Nobel Laureate Henri Becquerel (1852) 1860 - Niels Ryberg Finsen, Denmark, physician/phototherapist (Nobel 1903)
1860 - Abner Powell, American baseball player (d. 1953)
1861 - Charles Edgar Duryea, inventor (1st auto built & operated in US)
1863 - Arthur D Little, US, chemist (patented rayon)
1863 - Paul [Prudent] Painlevé, French mathematician/minister/premier [NS]
1870 - Josef Hoffmann, Austrian architect
1873 - Pongrac Kacsoh, composer
1875 - Friedrich Niggli, composer
1875 - Emilio Jacinto, Filipino poet and revolutionary (d. 1899)
1876 - Ferdinand Hardekopf, writer
1878 - Hans Carossa, writer
1879 - Hugo W C Bordewijk, Dutch lawyer
1879 - Rudolf von Laban, Czech/German choreographer (modern dance)
1881 - James Schneider, NY, actor (Keystone Kops)
1887 - Pieter C A Geyl, historian (History of the Dutch Tribe)
1888 - Artturi A Leinonen, Finnish journalist/writer (Kati)/politician
1888 - Maxwell Anderson, US, dramatist (Winter Set, High Tor)
1891 - A. P. (Alvin) Carter, Virginia, American musician (Carter Family)
1892 - David Guion, composer
Industrialist J. Paul GettyIndustrialist J. Paul Getty (1892) 1892 - J. Paul Getty, Minneapolis Mn, oil magnate (Getty Oil), (d. 1976)
1892 - Jose Maria Castro, composer
1896 - Carl Ferdinand Cori, US bio-chemist
1896 - George B Cressey, US geographer (Asia's Lands & Peoples)
1896 - Margaret Bannerman, Toronto Ontario, actress (Elopement)
1896 - Paul R Citroen, Dutch sculptor
1896 - Betty Smith, American author (d. 1972)
1898 - Fernando Remacha, composer
1899 - Frank Vosper, London England, actor (Man Who Knew Too Much)
1899 - Harold Abrahams, English sprinter (d. 1978)
1900 - Francesco Messina, sculptor
1902 - Robert F. Bradford, 57th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1983)
1904 - Kermit Bloomgarden, producer (Diary of Anne Frank, Music Man)
1904 - William Hitzig, Austria, Maxwell physician
1905 - Ferenc Farkas, composer
1906 - Betty Smith, novelist (A Tree Grows in Brooklyn)
1907 - Oscar Niemeyer, Brazilian architect (Brasilia), (d. 2012)
1910 - John H. Hammond, NYC, American rock/jazz musician (I Can Tell, So Many Roads)
1911 - Nicholas P. Dallis, American psychiatrist and comic strip writer (d. 1991)
1912 - Ray Eames, American designer (d. 1988)
1913 - Muriel Rukeyser, US, poet (1977 Shelley Memorial Award)
1913 - Rik Jacobs, Flemish stage manager
1914 - Ernie Toshack, cricket pace bowler (Aussie left-arm post-WWII)
1915 - Jose Toribio Merino Castro, admiral
1916 - Maurice Wilkins, England, physicist, worked with DNA (Nobel 1962)
1917 - Shan-ul-Haq Haqqee, linguist and writer of Pakistan (d. 2005)
1918 - Jeff Chandler, [Ira Grossel], Bkln, actor (Broken Arrow)
1919 - Ake Seyffarth, 10K speed skater (Olympic-gold-1948)
1920 - Kurt Schaffenberger, American comics artist (d. 2002)
1921 - Bobby Todd, US comic/actor (Original Sin)
1922 - Alan Freed, Penn, DJ, accepted payola/introduced term "rock-n-roll"
1923 - Freeman Dyson, English-born American physicist
1923 - Uziel Gal, Israeli firearm designer (d. 2002)
1923 - Valentin Varennikov, Russian general and statesman
1924 - Ida Haendel, Polish violinist/author (Woman with Violin)
1925 - Sam Pollock, Canadian ice hockey general manager
1925 - Kasey Rogers, American actress (d. 2006)
1928 - Jimmy Nelson, Chicago Illinois, ventriloguist (Nestles, Farfel)
1928 - Friedensreich Hundertwasser, Austrian artist (d. 2000)
1928 - Jerry Wallace, American singer
1929 - Keith Andrew, cricketer (England wicket-keeper in 2 Tests 1954-63)
1930 - Alim-ud-Din, cricketer (Pakistani batsman in 25 Tests 1954-62)
1930 - Edna O'Brien, Irish novelist and short story writer (Girl with Green Eyes, Casualties of Peace)
1931 - Evald Schorm, Prague Czech, director (Courage for Every Day)
1932 - Elaine Barkin, composer
1932 - Igor Stuhec, composer
1933 - Jesse Belvin, Texarkana Arkansas, rock vocalist (Mr Easy)
1933 - Tim Conway, Willoughby Oh, comic (McHale's Navy, Carol Burnett Show)
1937 - John [Thomas] Sladek, US, sci-fi author (Tik-Tok, Bugs)
1937 - Karen Morrow, Chic, actress (Aunt Minerva-Tabitha, Jim Nabors Hour)
1938 - Dennis RB Madide, South African Internal minister of Transkei

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 11 of 11

Designer of the Statue of Liberty Frederic Auguste BartholdiDesigner of the Statue of Liberty Frederic Auguste Bartholdi (1875) 1875 - Sculptor Frederic Auguste Bartholdi (41) weds Jeanne-Emilie Baheux Puysieux in Newport, Rhode Island
1944 - Country music star Hank Williams (21) weds Audrey Sheppard. It was her second marriage and his first.
1960 - King Boudouin of Belgium marries dona Fabiola de Mora y Aragon
1983 - Author Roald Dahl (36) weds Liccy Crosland (45) at Brixton Town Hall in South London
1985 - Action star actor Sylvester Stallone (39) weds "Rocky IV" actress Brigitte Nielsen (22) in Beverly Hills, California
1989 - Actor and director George Clooney (28) weds actress Talia Balsam (30) in Las Vegas
1990 - Rocker Rod Stewart marries super model Rachel Hunter
1990 - Actress Natasha Richardson (27) weds producer Robert Fox (37)
Actress Natasha RichardsonActress Natasha Richardson (1990) 2005 - "Eastenders" actress Elaine Lordan (39) weds BBC manager Peter Manuel at Islington Town Hall in London
2007 - "Marchesa" designer Georgina Chapman (31) weds Miramax mogul Harvey Weinstein (55) in Connecticut, USA
2012 - "Scrubs" actor Donald Faison (38) weds CaCee Cobb (35) in Los Angeles, California

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 3 of 3

Actress Mary AstorActress Mary Astor (1942) 1942 - Actress Mary Astor (36) divorces film editor Manuel del Campo (29) after more than 4 years of marriage
2008 - Pop singer Madonna (50) divorces film director Guy Ritchie (40) due to unreasonable behavior after almost 8 years of marriage
2010 - Nip/Tuck actor Dylan Walsh (47) divorces actress Joana Going (47) due to irreconcilable differences after 6 years of marriage

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 102

1025 - Basilius II, the Bulgarendoder, Byzantine emperor (976-1025), dies
1072 - Alp Arslan, Turkish sultan in Persia (b. 1029)
1230 - Ottokar I, king of Bohemia (1197-1230), dies
1263 - King Haakon IV of Norway (b. 1204)
1515 - Alfonso de Albuquerque, viceroy of Portuguese Indies, dies
1576 - Joachim Hopperus, [Hoppers], Frisian lawyer/politician, dies at 53
1598 - Philip van Marnix, Flemish ruler of St Aldegonde/poet, dies at 58
1621 - Charles d'albert duke of Luynes/PM of France, dies at 43
1626 - Adriaen de Vries, Dutch sculptor/painter, dies at about 70
1673 - Margaret Cavendish, English writer (b. 1623)
Painter Jan VermeerPainter Jan Vermeer (1675) 1675 - Jan Vermeer, Dutch painter (Love Letter), dies at 43
1683 - Izaak Walton, English writer (b. 1593)
1688 - Gaspar Fagel, lawyer/Neth grand pensionary (1672-88), dies at 54
1699 - Henrik A van Reede tot Drakenstein, Dutch botanist, dies at about 63
1712 - Sidney 1st earl of Godolphine, English minister of Finance, dies at 67
1715 - George Hickes, English linguist (Old German Philology), dies at 73
1753 - Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington, English architect (b. 1694)
1779 - Manuel Jeronimo Romero de Avila, composer, dies at 62
1792 - Joseph Martin Kraus, composer, dies at 36
1816 - Joseph Franz Maximilian Lobkowitz, composer, dies at 44
1817 - Maria Walewska [Leszczinska], lover of emperor Napoleon I, dies
1822 - Ferenc Verseghy, composer, dies at 65
1826 - William Browser, revolting slave, executed in NYC
1831 - Paul R Cantzlaar, gov of Saba/Curacao/Dutch-West Indies, dies at 60
1839 - Matthijs I van Bree, Flemish court-painter, dies at 66
1855 - Jacques Charles François Sturm, French mathematician (b. 1803)
1861 - Gualtiero Sanelli, composer, dies at 45
1880 - Carlo Boncompagni di Mombello, Ital minister of Justice, dies at 76
1889 - Ferdinand II A F A, King of Portugal, dies at 73
Lakota Sioux Chief Sitting BullLakota Sioux Chief Sitting Bull (1890) 1890 - Sitting Bull, Hunkpapa-Sioux chief (Little Big Horn), killed by US Police aged 58 or 59
1892 - Charles Balmer, composer, dies at 75
1896 - John GR Acquoy, Dutch theologist/church historian, dies at 67
1901 - Elias Alvares Lobo, composer, dies at 67
1909 - Francisco Tarrega y Eixea, composer, dies at 57
1934 - Maggis Lena Walker, 1st US (black) woman to head a bank, dies at 69
1939 - Tom McKibbin, cricketer (5 Tests for Aust 1895-1898, 17 wkts), dies
1943 - Thomas W "Fats" Waller, jazz pianist (Hot Chocolate), dies at 39 in KC Missouri
1944 - Glenn Miller, US band leader/jazz composer, dies at 40
Jazz Musician and Songwriter Fats WallerJazz Musician and Songwriter Fats Waller (1943) 1946 - Conrad Haebler, historian (Hundert Kalenderinkunabeln), dies at 89
1946 - Gordon Frederic Norton, composer, dies at 77
1947 - Arthur Machen, Welsh author (b. 1863)
1950 - Robert Muller-Hartmann, composer, dies at 66
1950 - Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Indian political leader, Iron Man of India (b. 1875)
1951 - Eric Drummond, 1st sec-gen League of Nations (1919-33), dies at 75
1953 - Kishio Hirao, composer, dies at 46
1958 - Wolfgang Ernst Pauli, Austrian-born American physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1900)
1961 - William "Dummy" Hoy, professional baseball player, dies at 99
1962 - Charles Laughton, English actor (Hunchback of Notre Dame), dies at 63
Animator Walt DisneyAnimator Walt Disney (1966) 1966 - Walt Disney, animator, dies at 65, put in suspended animation
1968 - Jess Willard, Heavyweight boxing champ (1915-19), dies at 86
1968 - Antonio Barrette, Canadian politician, premier of Quebec (b. 1899)
1971 - Paul Pierre Lévy, French mathematician (b. 1886)
1972 - Edward Earle, actor (Charlie Chan-Meeting at Midnight), dies at 90
1972 - Herbert Eimert, German composer (Glockenspiel), dies at 75
1973 - Orest Alexandrovich Evlahkov, composer, dies at 61
1974 - Erich Walter Sternberg, composer, dies at 83
1974 - Anatole Litvak, Ukrainian-born screenwriter and film producer (b. 1902)
1975 - Mukhtar Ashrafi, composer, dies at 63
1977 - Wilfred Kitching, the 7th General of The Salvation Army (b. 1893)
1978 - Chill Wills, actor (Frontier Circus, Rounders), dies at 75
1979 - Bern Hoffman, actor (Major Dell Conway), dies at 66
1984 - Avon Long, actor (Roots: Next Generation), dies at 74
1984 - Jan Peerce, [Perelmuth], operatic tenor, dies at 80 following a stroke
1984 - Lennard Pearce, English actor (b. 1915)
1989 - Arnold Moss, actor (Gambit), dies at 79
1989 - Edward Underdown, English actor (b. 1908)
1990 - Betty Warren actress (Passport to Pimlico), dies
1990 - Jean Paige, actress (Capt Blood, Black Beauty), dies
1991 - Horatio Luro, US horse trainer (Northern Dancer), dies at 90
1991 - Ray Smith, British actor (And Then You Die), dies at 55
1993 - Kakuei Tanaka, PM of Japan (1972-74), dies
1994 - Hans de Jong, musician/conductor (Amsterdams Vrouwenkoor), dies at 86
1994 - Harry Tobias, songwriter, dies at 99
1994 - Henry Phelps Brown, historian/economist, dies at 88
1994 - Mollie Doreen Phillips, Brit figure skater (Eur-bronze-33), dies at 87
1995 - James Geoffrey Cutcliffe Hepburn, tap-dancer/socialist, dies at 88
1995 - Manuel Gutierrez Mellado, PM of Defense of Spain (1977-81), dies at 83
1996 - Gerald Moverley, priest, dies at 74
1996 - Guiseppe Dossetti, politician/priest, dies at 83
1996 - Laurens jan van der Post, explorer/conservationist, dies at 90
1997 - Lillian Disney, widow of Walt Disney, dies at 98
1997 - Pananayiotis Taki Vatikiotis, middle east scholar, dies at 69
2001 - Russ Haas, American professional wrestler (b. 1974)
2001 - Rufus Thomas, American musician (b. 1917)
2001 - Christopher Hitchens, author and journaist (Vanity Fair, New Statesman) dies of oesophageal cancer aged 62.
2003 - George Fisher, American political cartoonist (b. 1923)
2003 - Keith Magnuson, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1947)
2004 - Pauline Gore, mother of Al Gore (b. 1912)
2005 - Heinrich Gross, Austrian physician (b. 1914)
2005 - Stan Leonard, Canadian golfer (b. 1915)
2005 - William Proxmire, U.S. Senator from Wisconsin (b. 1915)
2005 - Darrell Russell, American football player (b. 1976)
2006 - Clay Regazzoni, Swiss Formula One driver (b. 1939)
2007 - John Berg (actor), American actor (b. 1949)
2007 - Julia Carson, U.S. Congresswoman from Indiana (b. 1938)
2008 - León Febres Cordero, Ecuador's former President (b. 1931)
2009 - Oral Roberts, American television evangelist and author (b. 1918)
2010 - Blake Edwards, American film director (b. 1922)
2010 - Bob Feller, American baseball player (b. 1918)
2010 - Eugene Victor Wolfenstein, American political scientist (b. 1940)

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