This Day in History for 19th December

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 155

324 - Licinius abdicates his position as Roman Emperor.
401 - St Anastasius I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
1055 - Seldjuken under Toghril Beg occupy Baghdad
1154 - King Henry II of England crowned
1551 - Dutch west coast hit by hurricane
1562 - Battle at Dreux: Anne de Montmorency & huguenots under Condé captured
1686 - Robinson Crusoe leaves his island after 28 years (as per Daniel Defoe)
1688 - King James II's wife & son flee to France
1696 - Jean-Francois Regnard's "Le Joueur" premieres in Paris
1732 - Benjamin Franklin under the name Richard Saunders begins publication of "Poor Richard's Almanack"
1776 - Thomas Paine published his 1st "American Crisis" essay, in which he wrote, "These are the times that try men's souls"
1777 - Washington settles his troops at Valley Forge, Pa for winter
Voice of the American Revolution Thomas PaineVoice of the American Revolution Thomas Paine 1783 - British government of William Pitt the Younger forms
1788 - Chinese troops occupy capital Thang Long Vietnam
1795 - 1st state appropriation of money for road building, Kentucky
1823 - Georgia passes 1st US state birth registration law in US
1828 - South Carolina declares right of states to nullify federal laws
1835 - HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin approaches NZ
1842 - US recognizes independence of Hawaii
1843 - "A Christmas Carol" by Charles Dickens published, 6,000 copies sold
1854 - Allen Wilson of Conn patents sewing machine to sew curving seams
Novelist Charles DickensNovelist Charles Dickens 1859 - Grading started for Market Street RR
1861 - Battle of Black Water (American Civil War)
1862 - Skirmish at Jackson/Salem Church, Tenn (80 casualties)
1871 - Albert L Jones (NYC), patents corrugated paper
1881 - Opera "Hérodiade" is produced (Brussels)
1884 - Italy recognizes King Leopold II's Congo Free State
1887 - Jake Kilrain & Jem Smith fight 106 round bare knuckle draw
1888 - Stanley's expedition reaches Fort Bodo, East-Africa
1889 - Bishop Museum founded in Hawaii
1890 - Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Beryl Coronet" (BG)
1891 - 1st Negro Catholic priest ordained in US, Charles Uncles, Baltimore
1891 - Canadian Rugby Union forms
1894 - Cricket day 5 1T Aus v Eng Eng 437 all out, Aus need 177 are 2-113
1900 - Kitchener offers protections to all Boers who will surrender and asks the Dutch community of Pretoria to convey this offer, but leaders in the field refuse to surrender; although organised military operations are largely over, the guerrilla war continues
1903 - Williamsburg suspension bridge opens between Brooklyn & Manhattan
1904 - Dawson City hockey team begins 9 day walk to get a boat to Seattle to catch a train to Ottawa to play in Stanley Cup on Jan 13 1905
1907 - 239 workers died in a coal mine explosion in Jacobs Creek, Pennsylvania
1910 - 1st US city ordinance requiring white & black residential areas (Balt)
1910 - Rayon 1st commercially produced, Marcus Hook, Penn
1913 - Jack Johnson fights Jim Johnson to a draw in 10 for heavyweight boxing title
1916 - Suriname Bauxite Company forms in Paramaribo
1917 - 1st NHL game played on artificial ice (Toronto)
1917 - Quebec Bulldogs play their 1st professional hockey game
1918 - Robert Ripley began his "Believe It or Not" column (NY Globe)
1919 - American Meteorological Society found
1920 - 1st US indoor curling rink opens (Brookline, Mass)
1920 - King Constantine I is restored as King of the Hellenes after the death of his son Alexander I of Greece and a plebiscite.
1922 - Theresa Vaughn, 24, confessed in court in Sheffield, England, to being married 61 times over 5 years in 50 cities in three countris
1924 - Test Cricket debut of Bill Ponsford, who scored 110 in 1st innings
1924 - The last Rolls-Royce Silver Ghost is sold in London, England.
1928 - 1st autogyro flight in US
1930 - James Weldon Johnson resigns as executive secretary of NAACP
Cricket Legend Donald BradmanCricket Legend Donald Bradman 1931 - Bradman scores 112 Australia v South Africa at cricket SCG
1931 - Joseph A Lyons (C) becomes premier of Australia
1932 - British Broadcasting Corp begins transmitting overseas
1933 - Electric Home & Farm Authority Inc, authorized
1934 - Japan agrees to naval treaty of 1922 & 1930
1939 - Russian air & ground attack against Finnish positions near Summa
1941 - German submarine U-574 sinks
1941 - Hitler takes complete command of German Army
1941 - US Office of Censorship created to control info pertaining to WW II
1943 - Military coup in Bolivia
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf HitlerDictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler 1945 - Austrian Republic re-establishes
1945 - Jean Giraudoux' "La Folle de Chaillot" premieres in Paris
1946 - Noel Cowards musical "Pacific 1860" premieres in London
1946 - War breaks out in Indochina as Ho Chi Minh attacks French in Hanoi
1948 - 2nd political action of Java/Sumatra
1948 - 8th largest snowfall in NYC history (15.3")
1948 - Cleveland Browns beats Buffalo Bills 49-7 in AAFC championship game
1948 - Philadelphia Eagles shutout Chicago Cards 7-0 in NFL championship game
1949 - Luxury passenger ship Aquitania demolished in Gareloch, Scotland
Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary Ho Chi MinhVietnamese Communist Revolutionary Ho Chi Minh 1949 - WJW TV channel 8 in Cleveland, OH (CBS) begins broadcasting
1950 - Gen Eisenhower named NATO commander
1950 - Tibet's Dalai Lama flees Chinese invasion
1951 - Nazi General Christiansen leaves Netherlands
1952 - Queen Juliana unveals statue "Docker"
1953 - KFYR TV channel 5 in Bismarck, ND (NBC/ABC) begins broadcasting
1955 - Carl Perkins records "Blue Suede Shoes"
1957 - "Music Man" opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 1375 performances
1958 - 1st radio broadcast from space (Pres Eisenhower voice "To all mankind, America's wish for Peace on Earth & Good Will to Men Everywhere")
1959 - 1st Liberty Bowl game-Penn State beats Alabama 7-0
1960 - Fire aboard USS Constellation, under construction at Brooklyn (50 die)
Singer/Actor Frank SinatraSinger/Actor Frank Sinatra 1960 - Frank Sinatra's 1st session with Reprise Records (Ring-A-Ding-Ding)
1960 - Mercury-Redstone 1A reaches 210 km in test flight
1961 - Indonesian President Sukarno proclaims general mobilization
1962 - Nyasaland secedes from Rhodesia & Nyasaland
1962 - Street signs in Golden Gate Park approved by Park Commission
1962 - Transit 5A1, 1st operational navigational satellite, launched
1965 - French president De Gaulle re-elected (Mitterrand gets 45%)
1967 - Prime Minister of Australia Harold Holt is officially presumed dead.
1968 - WCWB (now WMGT) TV channel 41 in Macon, GA (NBC) begins broadcasting
1969 - Beatle's 7th Christmas album is released
1971 - "Inner City" opens at Barrymore Theater NYC for 97 performances
1971 - CBS airs "Homecoming A Christmas Story," (introducing the Waltons)
1971 - NASA launches Intelsat 4 F-3 for COMSAT Corp
Film Director Stanley KubrickFilm Director Stanley Kubrick 1971 - Stanley Kubrick's X-rated "A Clockwork Orange" premieres
1972 - Apollo 17 (last of Apollo Moon landing series) returns to Earth
1973 - "Molly" closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 68 performances
1973 - Grenada adopts constitution

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 242

1036 - Su Tung-p'o, China, poet/essayist/painter/calligrapher
1498 - Andreas Osiander, Germany, Protestant Reformation theologist
1554 - Philip William, Prince of Orange (d. 1618)
1676 - Louis-Nicholas Clerambault, Paris France, composer/organist
1683 - Philip V, Versailles France, King of Spain (1700-24, 24-46)
1699 - William Bowyer, English printer (d. 1777)
1714 - John Winthrop, American astronomer (d. 1779)
1723 - Susanne K von Klettenberg, German friend of Goethes mother
1744 - Jacobus J Cramer, priest of Holland/Zealand/West-Friesland
1753 - John Taylor, Virginia, philosopher (Jeffersonian Democracy)
1778 - Princess Marie-Thérèse-Charlotte, eldest child of Marie Antoinette and Louis XVI (d. 1851)
1779 - Auguste-Gaspard-Louis Desnoyers, Paris France, engraver
1783 - Charles-Julien Brianchon, France, mathematician (Brianchon's theorem)
1784 - Marcus Morton, 16th and 18th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1864)
1790 - William Parry, England, Arctic explorer
1792 - [Andries] Hendrik Potgieter, Cape Colony, settled Transvaal
1796 - Manuel Breton de los Herreros, Quel Spain, poet/comic playwright
1797 - Josef Theodor Krov, composer
1809 - Pierre-Joseph van Beneden, Belg, paleont (life cycle of tapeworms)
1813 - Thomas Andrews, Belfast Ireland, chemist/physicist (ozone)
1814 - Edwin M[cMasters] Stanton, Ohio, US Secretary of War (1861-65)
1817 - James Jay Archer, Brigadier General (Confederate Army) died in 1864
1819 - James Clifford Veatch, Bvt Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1895
1821 - Mary Ashton Livermore, American reformer/women's suffrage leader
1824 - Hercules Robinson, Ireland, South Africa Commissioner (1880-89, 1895-97)
1825 - George Frederick Bristow, composer
1831 - Bernice Pauahi Bishop, Hawaiian philanthropist (d. 1884)
1832 - John Kirk Barry, Scot, Dr/companion to explorer David Livingstone
1836 - Maria L Sanford, pioneer educator (PTA)
1837 - John Carpenter Carter, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1864
1849 - Henry Clay Frick, Penn, built world's largest coke & steel operation
1852 - A[lbert] A Michelson, Strelno Prussia, US physicist (Nobel 1907)
1853 - Charles Fitzpatrick, Canadian politician, lieutenant-governor of Quebec (d. 1942)\
1861 - Constance [Clara] Garnett, Brighton England, Russian-English translator
1861 - Italo Svevo, Trieste Austria, Italian novelist (La Coscienza di Zeno)
1864 - Adolf Sandberger, composer
1865 - Hermann Hirt, Magdeburg Prussia, linguist (Indo-European Grammar)
1865 - Minnie Maddern Fiske, New Orleans La, actress (Henrik Ibsen's plays)
1865 - Tikhon Toropets, Pskov Russia, patriarch of Russian Orthodox/saint
1869 - Eduard Hermann, Coburg Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, German linguist (Homer)
1875 - Carter G Woodson, New Canton Va, American historian (black studies)
1876 - Carlo Gatti, composer
1878 - Anton Lajovic, composer
1879 - Beals C Wright, tennis champ (US Open-1905)
1879 - Otto Emanuel Olsson, composer
1880 - Nemesio Otano y Eugenio, composer
1882 - Walter Braunfels, composer
1883 - Louis Davids, [Simon David], Dutch cabaret performer/chorus performer
1883 - [Francis] Barry Byrne, Chicago Ill, architect
1884 - Antonin Zapotocky, Czechoslovak president (Ceskoslovensky Spisouatel)
1884 - Ferdinando Liuzzi, composer
1885 - F S Flint, London England, translator/poet (imagist movement)
1888 - Fritz Reiner, Budapest Hungary, US conductor (Chicago Symphony Orch)
1890 - Klaas Painter, vicar/antifascist (Occupies possession) [or 1880]
1890 - Klaas Schilder, Dutch theologist/vicar (Occupied Territory)
1891 - Edward Bernard Andre Maria Raczynski, Poland, pres-in-exile (1979-86)
1894 - Ford C Frick, baseball commissioner (1951-65)
1894 - Paul Dessau, Hamburg Germany, composer/conducter (Berlin, 1925-33)
1894 - Yoshida Isoya, Tokyo Japan, architect (modern sukiya style)
1895 - Ingeborg Refling-Hagen, Norwegian author/poet (Loke Saar Havre)
1895 - Maurice Roelants, Belgian author (Jazz Player)
1896 - John Seldon Whale, theologian
1897 - Louis Darquier de Pellepoix, France, anti-Semite/nazi collaborator
1901 - Oliver [Hazard Perry] La Farge, NYC, anthropologist/novelist
1902 - Leonard Hirsch, British violinist/orchestra leader (RAF Symph Orch)
Actor Ralph RichardsonActor Ralph Richardson (1902) 1902 - Ralph Richardson, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, actor (Anna Karenina, Dr Zhivago), (d. 1983)
1903 - Cyril Dean Darlington, England, biologist (hereditary mechanisms)
1903 - George Davis Snell, Bradford, Massachusetts, American geneticist (H-2 gene)
1903 - Theo Harych, writer
1905 - Charles Robert Owen Medley, dancer/choreographer
1906 - H Allen Smith, Ill, humorist/author (Low Man on Totem Pole)
1906 - Leonid I Brezhnev, Ukraine, 1st Secretary of USSR (1964-82)
1907 - Jimmy McLarnin, former Welterweight Champion (d. 2004)
1909 - W.A. Criswell, American (Baptist) preacher (d. 2002)
1910 - Jean Genet, Paris France, criminal/novelist/dramatist (The Blacks)
1910 - Jose Lezama Lima, Havana Cuba, poet/novelist
1913 - William C De Vries, surgeon/inventor (artificial heart)
Singer Edith PiafSinger Edith Piaf (1915) 1915 - Edith Piaf, [E Giovanna Gassion], Paris, chanteuse (Little Sparrow), (d. 1963)
1916 - Adriaan van der Veen, Dutch writer (Sister at Sea)
1916 - Hal Hastings, NYC, orchestra leader (Chevrolet on Broadway)
1916 - Mervyn Wallace, cricketer (13 Tests for NZ, latterly as capt)
1917 - Graham Sharp, ice skater
1918 - 'Professor Longhair' Henry Roeland Byrd, Bogalusa, Louisiana, New Orleans blues singer and pianist
1919 - Benedict Freedman, New York, NY, novelist and mathematician (Mrs Mike), (d. 2012)
1920 - David Susskind, NYC, TV host (Open End, David Susskind Show)
1920 - Ragnild Hveger, Denmark, 400m swimmer (Olympic-silver-1936) [NS]
1920 - Little Jimmy Dickens, American country singer
1921 - Ludvik Podest, composer
1922 - Eamonn Andrews, Irish-born television presenter (d. 1987)
1923 - Luigi Innocenti, designer
1923 - Gordon Jackson, Scottish actor (d. 1990)
1924 - Edmund Purdom, England, actor (Asissi Underground, Pieces)
1924 - Peter Prowtiny, English real estate developer/multi-millionaire
1924 - Carlo Chiti, Italian race car engineer (d. 1994)
NHL Legend Doug HarveyNHL Legend Doug Harvey (1924) 1924 - Doug Harvey, Montreal Quebec, Canadian ice hockey player
1924 - Gary Morton, second husband of Lucille Ball (d. 1999)
1925 - Jimmy Dickens, Bolt WV, country singer (Grand Ole Opry)
1925 - Tankred Torst, writer
1925 - Robert Sherman, New York City, New York, songwriter (Mary Poppins, The Jungle Book), (d. 2012)
1926 - Bobby Layne, NFL QB (Detroit Lions)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 8 of 8

Poet Robert FrostPoet Robert Frost (1895) 1895 - Poet Robert Frost (21) weds Elinor Miriam White in Lawrence, Massachusetts
1912 - Author Colette (39) weds "Le Matin" newspaper editor Henri de Jouvenel
1919 - Composer and songwriter Cole Porter (28) weds socialite Linda Lee Thomas (36)
1931 - Propagandist Joseph Goebbels (34) weds Magda Ritschel (30) at Günther Quandt's farm in Mecklenburg, Germany
1975 - Astronaut Buzz Aldrin (45) weds Beverly Zile
1987 - Retired baseball catcher Johnny Bench (40) weds Laura Cwikowski
1998 - Actress Vivica A. Fox (34) weds singer Christopher Harvest at the Park Plaza in Los Angeles, California
MLB Catcher Johnny BenchMLB Catcher Johnny Bench (1987) 2009 - Actor-singer Kevin Jonas (22) weds Danielle Deleasa (23) at Oheka Castle in Huntington, New York

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 1 of 1

1995 - Queen Elizabeth askes Prince Charles & Diana to divorce

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 99 of 99

401 - Anastasius I, Bishop of Rome (399-401), dies
1075 - Edith of Wessex, wife of Edward the Confessor of England
1327 - Agnes of France, Duchess of Burgundy
1370 - Urban V, [Guillaume de Grimoard], 1st Avignon Pope (1362-70), dies
1614 - Melchior Bischoff, composer, dies at 67
1737 - James Sobieski, Crown Prince of Poland (b. 1667)
1741 - Vitus J Bering, Dutch navigator/explorer, dies
1749 - Francesco Antonio Bonporti, composer, dies at 76
1751 - Louise of Great Britain, wife of Frederick V of Denmark (b. 1724)
1798 - Charles-Joseph Panckoucke, publisher (Moniteur Universel), dies at 62
1800 - Georg Peter Weimar, composer, dies at 66
1804 - Mary Bright, British PM Rockingham, dies
1807 - Friedrich Melchior, baron von Grimm, German writer (b. 1723)
1810 - Johann Heinrich Egli, composer, dies at 68
1813 - James McGill, Scottish-Canadian businessman and philanthropist (b. 1744)
1814 - Joseph Bramah, Inventor and Locksmith, notably invented the beer pump
1815 - Michel Woldemar, composer, dies at 65
1815 - Robert Hudson, composer, dies at 83
1819 - Sir Thomas Fremantle, British naval officer and politician (b. 1765)
1823 - Nicolas-Joseph Hullmandel, composer, dies at 67
Novelist Emily Jane BronteNovelist Emily Jane Bronte (1848) 1848 - Emily Jane Bronte, English novelist, dies at 30
1848 - Adam FJA van Duyn, governor of South Holland, dies at 77
1851 - J M William Turner, British painter (Rain, Steam & Speed), dies at 76
1867 - Jean-Georges Kastner, composer, dies at 57
1878 - Bayard Taylor, American author and poet (b. 1825)
1914 - Johann F Ritter von Schulte, German catholic lawyer, dies at 87
1915 - Alois Alzheimer, German psychiatrist/neurologist (Alzheimer Disease), dies at 51
1925 - Jose Ignacio Quinton, composer, dies at 44
1930 - Johnny Douglas, cricketer (soccer int, boxing gold medal), drowns
1932 - Yoon Bong-Gil, Korean activist (b. 1908)
1933 - George Jackson Churchward, GWR Chief mechanical engineer. (b. 1857)
1938 - Stephen Warfield Gambrill, U.S. Congressman (b. 1873)
1939 - Eric Fogg, composer, dies at 36
1939 - Karl Wagenfeld, Low German writer (Lucifer, Death & Devil), dies at 70
1939 - Willem Benoy, Flemish actor/director (The White), dies at 57
1941 - L M Dovator, Russian general, dies in battle
1944 - Rudolph Karstadt, German entrepreneur (b. 1856)
1946 - Paul Langevin, French physicist (b. 1872)
1951 - Barton Yarbrough, actor (Dragnet), dies at 51
1952 - Harry Makepeace, cricketer (cricket & soccer intl for England), dies
Physicist Robert A. MillikanPhysicist Robert A. Millikan (1953) 1953 - Robert A. Millikan, American physicist (Nobel 1923), dies at 85
1953 - Rudolf Leonhard, writer, dies
1957 - John W Van Druten, US stage/screenwriter (I Remember Mama), dies at 56
1959 - Walter Williams, claimed to be last survivor of Civil War, dies at 117
1966 - Ehm Welk, writer, dies at 82
1967 - Alfred Courtens, Belgian sculptor, dies at 78
1968 - Norman Thomas, founder (ACLU)/Socialist Party (1926-55), dies at 84
1977 - Nellie Tayloe Ross, 1st woman governor, dies at 101
1982 - Jean-Jacques Grunenwald, French organist/composer, dies at 71
1982 - Lawrence Collingwood, composer, dies at 95
1982 - Dwight Macdonald, American social critic (b. 1906)
1984 - Michel Magne, composer, dies at 54
1984 - Joy Ridderhof, American missionary (b. 1903)
1986 - V. C. Andrews, American author (b. 1923)
1989 - Dorothea "Stella" Gibbons, English journalist/author, dies at 87
1990 - Basil Henson, actor (Change Partners), dies of stroke at 71
1991 - Ernest K Gann, US adventure novelist, dies at 81
1991 - Paul Maxwell, actor (City of Fear, Freedom to Die), dies at 70
1991 - Joe Cole, American rock music roadie (b. 1961)
1993 - Anthonius AM "Ton" Kors, writer (Time of Anton de Lange), dies at 47
1993 - Antoon Veerman, Dutch ARP asst sect of Education (1973-75), dies at 77
1993 - Michael Clarke, drummer (Byrds), dies of liver failure at 49
1994 - Noel Pointer, jazz violinist, dies at 39
1995 - Dame Ruth Nita Barrow, governor-general of Barbados, dies at 79
1995 - Harold Watkinson, politician/businessman, dies at 85
1995 - Janet Wilder, stuntwoman, dies at 29
1996 - Marcello Mastroiani, actor (8½, Assassin, Family Diary), dies at 72
1996 - Ronald Howard, actor (Hunting Party, Koroshi), dies at 78
1996 - Yuli Borisovich Khariton, scientist, dies at 82
1997 - Jimmy Rogers, American blues musician, dies at 73
1997 - David Norman Schramm, physicist, dies at 52
1997 - Masaru Ibuka, co-founder (Sony Corp), dies at 89
1998 - Antonio Ordóñez, Spanish bullfighter (b. 1932)
1998 - Mel Fisher, American treasure hunter (b. 1922)
1999 - Desmond Llewelyn, Welsh actor (b. 1914)
2000 - Rob Buck, American guitarist (10,000 Maniacs) (b. 1958)
2000 - Milt Hinton, American jazz double bassist (b. 1910)
2000 - John Lindsay, American politician (b. 1921)
2000 - Pops Staples, American singer (The Staple Singers) (b. 1915)
2001 - Marcel Mule, French saxophonist. (b. 1901)
2002 - Arthur Rowley, English footballer. (b. 1926)
2003 - Peter Carter-Ruck, English lawyer (b. 1914)
2003 - Hope Lange, American actress (b. 1933)
2003 - Les Tremayne, English-born American actor (b. 1913)
2004 - Herbert C. Brown, English-born American chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1912)
2004 - Renata Tebaldi, Italian soprano (b. 1922)
2005 - Keith Duckworth, English mechanical engineer (Cosworth; b. 1933)
2005 - Vincent Gigante, American mafioso (b. 1927)
2008 - James Bevel, 1960s Civil rights movement leader (b. 1936)
2008 - Kenny Cox, American jazz musician (b. 1940)
2008 - Dock Ellis, American baseball pitcher (b. 1945)
2008 - Carol Chomsky, American linguist and education specialist (b. 1930)
2009 - Hossein-Ali Montazeri, Iranian dissident cleric Grand Ayatollah (b. 1922)
2009 - Kim Peek, American prodigious savant and inspiration for the 1988 film Rain Man (b. 1951)
2010 - Trudy Pitts, American jazz organist, pianist, and vocalist (b. 1932)
2010 - Anthony Howard, English Journalist (b. 1934)
2012 - Robert Bork, American legal scholar/jurist, dies from heart disease at 85
2012 - Amnon Lipkin-Shahak, Israeli military leader, dies from cancer at 68
2012 - Larry Morris, American NFL player, dies at 79

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