This Day in History for 19th December

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 158

324 - Licinius abdicates his position as Roman Emperor.
401 - St Anastasius I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
1055 - Seldjuken under Toghril Beg occupy Baghdad
1154 - King Henry II of England crowned
1551 - Dutch west coast hit by hurricane
1562 - Battle at Dreux: Anne de Montmorency & huguenots under Condé captured
1642 - 4 of Tasman's crew are killed at Wharewharangi (Murderers) Bay by Māori; Tasman's ships depart without landing
1686 - Robinson Crusoe leaves his island after 28 years (as per Daniel Defoe)
1688 - King James II's wife & son flee to France
1696 - Jean-Francois Regnard's "Le Joueur" premieres in Paris
1732 - Benjamin Franklin under the name Richard Saunders begins publication of "Poor Richard's Almanack"
1776 - Thomas Paine published his 1st "American Crisis" essay, in which he wrote, "These are the times that try men's souls"
Voice of the American Revolution Thomas PaineVoice of the American Revolution Thomas Paine 1777 - Washington settles his troops at Valley Forge, Pa for winter
1783 - British government of William Pitt the Younger forms
1788 - Chinese troops occupy capital Thang Long Vietnam
1795 - 1st state appropriation of money for road building, Kentucky
1823 - Georgia passes 1st US state birth registration law in US
1828 - South Carolina declares right of states to nullify federal laws
1835 - HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin approaches NZ
1842 - US recognizes independence of Hawaii
1843 - "A Christmas Carol" by Charles Dickens published, 6,000 copies sold
Novelist Charles DickensNovelist Charles Dickens 1854 - Allen Wilson of Conn patents sewing machine to sew curving seams
1859 - Grading started for Market Street RR
1861 - Battle of Black Water (American Civil War)
1862 - Skirmish at Jackson/Salem Church, Tenn (80 casualties)
1871 - Albert L Jones (NYC), patents corrugated paper
1881 - Opera "Hérodiade" is produced (Brussels)
1884 - Italy recognizes King Leopold II's Congo Free State
1887 - Jake Kilrain & Jem Smith fight 106 round bare knuckle draw
1888 - Stanley's expedition reaches Fort Bodo, East-Africa
1889 - Bishop Museum founded in Hawaii
1890 - Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Beryl Coronet" (BG)
1891 - 1st Negro Catholic priest ordained in US, Charles Uncles, Baltimore
1891 - Canadian Rugby Union forms
1894 - Cricket day 5 1T Aus v Eng Eng 437 all out, Aus need 177 are 2-113
1900 - Kitchener offers protections to all Boers who will surrender and asks the Dutch community of Pretoria to convey this offer, but leaders in the field refuse to surrender; although organised military operations are largely over, the guerrilla war continues
1903 - Williamsburg suspension bridge opens between Brooklyn & Manhattan
1904 - Dawson City hockey team begins 9 day walk to get a boat to Seattle to catch a train to Ottawa to play in Stanley Cup on Jan 13 1905
1907 - 239 workers died in a coal mine explosion in Jacobs Creek, Pennsylvania
1910 - 1st US city ordinance requiring white & black residential areas (Balt)
1910 - Rayon 1st commercially produced, Marcus Hook, Penn
1913 - Jack Johnson fights Jim Johnson to a draw in 10 for heavyweight boxing title
1916 - Suriname Bauxite Company forms in Paramaribo
1917 - 1st NHL game played on artificial ice (Toronto)
1917 - Quebec Bulldogs play their 1st professional hockey game
1918 - Robert Ripley began his "Believe It or Not" column (NY Globe)
1919 - American Meteorological Society found
1920 - 1st US indoor curling rink opens (Brookline, Mass)
1920 - King Constantine I is restored as King of the Hellenes after the death of his son Alexander I of Greece and a plebiscite.
1922 - Theresa Vaughn, 24, confessed in court in Sheffield, England, to being married 61 times over 5 years in 50 cities in three countris
1924 - Test Cricket debut of Bill Ponsford, who scored 110 in 1st innings
1924 - The last Rolls-Royce Silver Ghost is sold in London, England.
1928 - 1st autogyro flight in US
1930 - James Weldon Johnson resigns as executive secretary of NAACP
Cricket Legend Donald BradmanCricket Legend Donald Bradman 1931 - Bradman scores 112 Australia v South Africa at cricket SCG
1931 - Joseph A Lyons (C) becomes premier of Australia
1932 - British Broadcasting Corp begins transmitting overseas
1933 - Electric Home & Farm Authority Inc, authorized
1934 - Japan agrees to naval treaty of 1922 & 1930
1939 - Russian air & ground attack against Finnish positions near Summa
1941 - German submarine U-574 sinks
1941 - Hitler takes complete command of German Army
1941 - US Office of Censorship created to control info pertaining to WW II
1943 - Military coup in Bolivia
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf HitlerDictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler 1945 - Austrian Republic re-establishes
1945 - Jean Giraudoux' "La Folle de Chaillot" premieres in Paris
1946 - Noel Cowards musical "Pacific 1860" premieres in London
1946 - War breaks out in Indochina as Ho Chi Minh attacks French in Hanoi
1948 - 2nd political action of Java/Sumatra
1948 - 8th largest snowfall in NYC history (15.3")
1948 - Cleveland Browns beats Buffalo Bills 49-7 in AAFC championship game
1948 - Philadelphia Eagles shutout Chicago Cards 7-0 in NFL championship game
1949 - Luxury passenger ship Aquitania demolished in Gareloch, Scotland
Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary Ho Chi MinhVietnamese Communist Revolutionary Ho Chi Minh 1949 - WJW TV channel 8 in Cleveland, OH (CBS) begins broadcasting
1950 - Gen Eisenhower named NATO commander
1950 - Tibet's Dalai Lama flees Chinese invasion
1951 - Nazi General Christiansen leaves Netherlands
1952 - Queen Juliana unveals statue "Docker"
1953 - KFYR TV channel 5 in Bismarck, ND (NBC/ABC) begins broadcasting
1955 - Carl Perkins records "Blue Suede Shoes"
1957 - "Music Man" opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 1375 performances
1958 - 1st radio broadcast from space (Pres Eisenhower voice "To all mankind, America's wish for Peace on Earth & Good Will to Men Everywhere")
1959 - 1st Liberty Bowl game-Penn State beats Alabama 7-0
1960 - Fire aboard USS Constellation, under construction at Brooklyn (50 die)
Singer/Actor Frank SinatraSinger/Actor Frank Sinatra 1960 - Frank Sinatra's 1st session with Reprise Records (Ring-A-Ding-Ding)
1960 - Mercury-Redstone 1A reaches 210 km in test flight
1961 - Indonesian President Sukarno proclaims general mobilization
1962 - Nyasaland secedes from Rhodesia & Nyasaland
1962 - Street signs in Golden Gate Park approved by Park Commission
1962 - Transit 5A1, 1st operational navigational satellite, launched
1965 - French president De Gaulle re-elected (Mitterrand gets 45%)
1967 - Prime Minister of Australia Harold Holt is officially presumed dead.
1968 - WCWB (now WMGT) TV channel 41 in Macon, GA (NBC) begins broadcasting
1969 - Beatle's 7th Christmas album is released
1971 - "Inner City" opens at Barrymore Theater NYC for 97 performances
1971 - CBS airs "Homecoming A Christmas Story," (introducing the Waltons)
1971 - NASA launches Intelsat 4 F-3 for COMSAT Corp
Film Director Stanley KubrickFilm Director Stanley Kubrick 1971 - Stanley Kubrick's X-rated "A Clockwork Orange" premieres
1972 - Apollo 17 (last of Apollo Moon landing series) returns to Earth
1973 - "Molly" closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 68 performances

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 242

1036 - Su Tung-p'o, China, poet/essayist/painter/calligrapher
1498 - Andreas Osiander, Germany, Protestant Reformation theologist
1554 - Philip William, Prince of Orange (d. 1618)
1676 - Louis-Nicholas Clerambault, Paris France, composer/organist
1683 - Philip V, Versailles France, King of Spain (1700-24, 24-46)
1699 - William Bowyer, English printer (d. 1777)
1714 - John Winthrop, American astronomer (d. 1779)
1723 - Susanne K von Klettenberg, German friend of Goethes mother
1744 - Jacobus J Cramer, priest of Holland/Zealand/West-Friesland
1753 - John Taylor, Virginia, philosopher (Jeffersonian Democracy)
1778 - Princess Marie-Thérèse-Charlotte, eldest child of Marie Antoinette and Louis XVI (d. 1851)
1779 - Auguste-Gaspard-Louis Desnoyers, Paris France, engraver
1783 - Charles-Julien Brianchon, France, mathematician (Brianchon's theorem)
1784 - Marcus Morton, 16th and 18th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1864)
1790 - William Parry, England, Arctic explorer
1792 - [Andries] Hendrik Potgieter, Cape Colony, settled Transvaal
1796 - Manuel Breton de los Herreros, Quel Spain, poet/comic playwright
1797 - Josef Theodor Krov, composer
1809 - Pierre-Joseph van Beneden, Belg, paleont (life cycle of tapeworms)
1813 - Thomas Andrews, Belfast Ireland, chemist/physicist (ozone)
1814 - Edwin M[cMasters] Stanton, Ohio, US Secretary of War (1861-65)
1817 - James Jay Archer, Brigadier General (Confederate Army) died in 1864
1819 - James Clifford Veatch, Bvt Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1895
1821 - Mary Ashton Livermore, American reformer/women's suffrage leader
1824 - Hercules Robinson, Ireland, South Africa Commissioner (1880-89, 1895-97)
1825 - George Frederick Bristow, composer
1831 - Bernice Pauahi Bishop, Hawaiian philanthropist (d. 1884)
1832 - John Kirk Barry, Scot, Dr/companion to explorer David Livingstone
1836 - Maria L Sanford, pioneer educator (PTA)
1837 - John Carpenter Carter, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1864
1849 - Henry Clay Frick, Penn, built world's largest coke & steel operation
1852 - A[lbert] A Michelson, Strelno Prussia, US physicist (Nobel 1907)
1853 - Charles Fitzpatrick, Canadian politician, lieutenant-governor of Quebec (d. 1942)\
1861 - Constance [Clara] Garnett, Brighton England, Russian-English translator
1861 - Italo Svevo, Trieste Austria, Italian novelist (La Coscienza di Zeno)
1864 - Adolf Sandberger, composer
1865 - Hermann Hirt, Magdeburg Prussia, linguist (Indo-European Grammar)
1865 - Minnie Maddern Fiske, New Orleans La, actress (Henrik Ibsen's plays)
1865 - Tikhon Toropets, Pskov Russia, patriarch of Russian Orthodox/saint
1869 - Eduard Hermann, Coburg Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, German linguist (Homer)
1875 - Carter G Woodson, New Canton Va, American historian (black studies)
1876 - Carlo Gatti, composer
1878 - Anton Lajovic, composer
1879 - Beals C Wright, tennis champ (US Open-1905)
1879 - Otto Emanuel Olsson, composer
1880 - Nemesio Otano y Eugenio, composer
1882 - Walter Braunfels, composer
1883 - Louis Davids, [Simon David], Dutch cabaret performer/chorus performer
1883 - [Francis] Barry Byrne, Chicago Ill, architect
1884 - Antonin Zapotocky, Czechoslovak president (Ceskoslovensky Spisouatel)
1884 - Ferdinando Liuzzi, composer
1885 - F S Flint, London England, translator/poet (imagist movement)
1888 - Fritz Reiner, Budapest Hungary, US conductor (Chicago Symphony Orch)
1890 - Klaas Painter, vicar/antifascist (Occupies possession) [or 1880]
1890 - Klaas Schilder, Dutch theologist/vicar (Occupied Territory)
1891 - Edward Bernard Andre Maria Raczynski, Poland, pres-in-exile (1979-86)
1894 - Ford C Frick, baseball commissioner (1951-65)
1894 - Paul Dessau, Hamburg Germany, composer/conducter (Berlin, 1925-33)
1894 - Yoshida Isoya, Tokyo Japan, architect (modern sukiya style)
1895 - Ingeborg Refling-Hagen, Norwegian author/poet (Loke Saar Havre)
1895 - Maurice Roelants, Belgian author (Jazz Player)
1896 - John Seldon Whale, theologian
1897 - Louis Darquier de Pellepoix, France, anti-Semite/nazi collaborator
1901 - Oliver [Hazard Perry] La Farge, NYC, anthropologist/novelist
1902 - Leonard Hirsch, British violinist/orchestra leader (RAF Symph Orch)
Actor Ralph RichardsonActor Ralph Richardson (1902) 1902 - Ralph Richardson, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, actor (Anna Karenina, Dr Zhivago), (d. 1983)
1903 - Cyril Dean Darlington, England, biologist (hereditary mechanisms)
1903 - George Davis Snell, Bradford, Massachusetts, American geneticist (H-2 gene)
1903 - Theo Harych, writer
1905 - Charles Robert Owen Medley, dancer/choreographer
1906 - H Allen Smith, Ill, humorist/author (Low Man on Totem Pole)
1906 - Leonid I Brezhnev, Ukraine, 1st Secretary of USSR (1964-82)
1907 - Jimmy McLarnin, former Welterweight Champion (d. 2004)
1909 - W.A. Criswell, American (Baptist) preacher (d. 2002)
1910 - Jean Genet, Paris France, criminal/novelist/dramatist (The Blacks)
1910 - Jose Lezama Lima, Havana Cuba, poet/novelist
1913 - William C De Vries, surgeon/inventor (artificial heart)
Singer Edith PiafSinger Edith Piaf (1915) 1915 - Edith Piaf, [E Giovanna Gassion], Paris, chanteuse (Little Sparrow), (d. 1963)
1916 - Adriaan van der Veen, Dutch writer (Sister at Sea)
1916 - Hal Hastings, NYC, orchestra leader (Chevrolet on Broadway)
1916 - Mervyn Wallace, cricketer (13 Tests for NZ, latterly as capt)
1917 - Graham Sharp, ice skater
1918 - 'Professor Longhair' Henry Roeland Byrd, Bogalusa, Louisiana, New Orleans blues singer and pianist
1919 - Benedict Freedman, New York, NY, novelist and mathematician (Mrs Mike), (d. 2012)
1920 - David Susskind, NYC, TV host (Open End, David Susskind Show)
1920 - Ragnild Hveger, Denmark, 400m swimmer (Olympic-silver-1936) [NS]
1920 - Little Jimmy Dickens, American country singer
1921 - Ludvik Podest, composer
1922 - Eamonn Andrews, Irish-born television presenter (d. 1987)
1923 - Luigi Innocenti, designer
1923 - Gordon Jackson, Scottish actor (d. 1990)
1924 - Edmund Purdom, England, actor (Asissi Underground, Pieces)
1924 - Peter Prowtiny, English real estate developer/multi-millionaire
1924 - Carlo Chiti, Italian race car engineer (d. 1994)
NHL Legend Doug HarveyNHL Legend Doug Harvey (1924) 1924 - Doug Harvey, Montreal Quebec, Canadian ice hockey player
1924 - Gary Morton, second husband of Lucille Ball (d. 1999)
1925 - Jimmy Dickens, Bolt WV, country singer (Grand Ole Opry)
1925 - Tankred Torst, writer
1925 - Robert Sherman, New York City, New York, songwriter (Mary Poppins, The Jungle Book), (d. 2012)
1926 - Bobby Layne, NFL QB (Detroit Lions)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 8 of 8

Poet Robert FrostPoet Robert Frost (1895) 1895 - Poet Robert Frost (21) weds Elinor Miriam White in Lawrence, Massachusetts
1912 - Author Colette (39) weds "Le Matin" newspaper editor Henri de Jouvenel
1919 - Composer and songwriter Cole Porter (28) weds socialite Linda Lee Thomas (36)
1931 - Propagandist Joseph Goebbels (34) weds Magda Ritschel (30) at Günther Quandt's farm in Mecklenburg, Germany
1975 - Astronaut Buzz Aldrin (45) weds Beverly Zile
1987 - Retired baseball catcher Johnny Bench (40) weds Laura Cwikowski
1998 - Actress Vivica A. Fox (34) weds singer Christopher Harvest at the Park Plaza in Los Angeles, California
MLB Catcher Johnny BenchMLB Catcher Johnny Bench (1987) 2009 - Actor-singer Kevin Jonas (22) weds Danielle Deleasa (23) at Oheka Castle in Huntington, New York

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 1 of 1

1995 - Queen Elizabeth askes Prince Charles & Diana to divorce

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 99 of 99

401 - Anastasius I, Bishop of Rome (399-401), dies
1075 - Edith of Wessex, wife of Edward the Confessor of England
1327 - Agnes of France, Duchess of Burgundy
1370 - Urban V, [Guillaume de Grimoard], 1st Avignon Pope (1362-70), dies
1614 - Melchior Bischoff, composer, dies at 67
1737 - James Sobieski, Crown Prince of Poland (b. 1667)
1741 - Vitus J Bering, Dutch navigator/explorer, dies
1749 - Francesco Antonio Bonporti, composer, dies at 76
1751 - Louise of Great Britain, wife of Frederick V of Denmark (b. 1724)
1798 - Charles-Joseph Panckoucke, publisher (Moniteur Universel), dies at 62
1800 - Georg Peter Weimar, composer, dies at 66
1804 - Mary Bright, British PM Rockingham, dies
1807 - Friedrich Melchior, baron von Grimm, German writer (b. 1723)
1810 - Johann Heinrich Egli, composer, dies at 68
1813 - James McGill, Scottish-Canadian businessman and philanthropist (b. 1744)
1814 - Joseph Bramah, Inventor and Locksmith, notably invented the beer pump
1815 - Michel Woldemar, composer, dies at 65
1815 - Robert Hudson, composer, dies at 83
1819 - Sir Thomas Fremantle, British naval officer and politician (b. 1765)
1823 - Nicolas-Joseph Hullmandel, composer, dies at 67
Novelist Emily Jane BronteNovelist Emily Jane Bronte (1848) 1848 - Emily Jane Bronte, English novelist, dies at 30
1848 - Adam FJA van Duyn, governor of South Holland, dies at 77
1851 - J M William Turner, British painter (Rain, Steam & Speed), dies at 76
1867 - Jean-Georges Kastner, composer, dies at 57
1878 - Bayard Taylor, American author and poet (b. 1825)
1914 - Johann F Ritter von Schulte, German catholic lawyer, dies at 87
1915 - Alois Alzheimer, German psychiatrist/neurologist (Alzheimer Disease), dies at 51
1925 - Jose Ignacio Quinton, composer, dies at 44
1930 - Johnny Douglas, cricketer (soccer int, boxing gold medal), drowns
1932 - Yoon Bong-Gil, Korean activist (b. 1908)
1933 - George Jackson Churchward, GWR Chief mechanical engineer. (b. 1857)
1938 - Stephen Warfield Gambrill, U.S. Congressman (b. 1873)
1939 - Eric Fogg, composer, dies at 36
1939 - Karl Wagenfeld, Low German writer (Lucifer, Death & Devil), dies at 70
1939 - Willem Benoy, Flemish actor/director (The White), dies at 57
1941 - L M Dovator, Russian general, dies in battle
1944 - Rudolph Karstadt, German entrepreneur (b. 1856)
1946 - Paul Langevin, French physicist (b. 1872)
1951 - Barton Yarbrough, actor (Dragnet), dies at 51
1952 - Harry Makepeace, cricketer (cricket & soccer intl for England), dies
Physicist Robert A. MillikanPhysicist Robert A. Millikan (1953) 1953 - Robert A. Millikan, American physicist (Nobel 1923), dies at 85
1953 - Rudolf Leonhard, writer, dies
1957 - John W Van Druten, US stage/screenwriter (I Remember Mama), dies at 56
1959 - Walter Williams, claimed to be last survivor of Civil War, dies at 117
1966 - Ehm Welk, writer, dies at 82
1967 - Alfred Courtens, Belgian sculptor, dies at 78
1968 - Norman Thomas, founder (ACLU)/Socialist Party (1926-55), dies at 84
1977 - Nellie Tayloe Ross, 1st woman governor, dies at 101
1982 - Jean-Jacques Grunenwald, French organist/composer, dies at 71
1982 - Lawrence Collingwood, composer, dies at 95
1982 - Dwight Macdonald, American social critic (b. 1906)
1984 - Michel Magne, composer, dies at 54
1984 - Joy Ridderhof, American missionary (b. 1903)
1986 - V. C. Andrews, American author (b. 1923)
1989 - Dorothea "Stella" Gibbons, English journalist/author, dies at 87
1990 - Basil Henson, actor (Change Partners), dies of stroke at 71
1991 - Ernest K Gann, US adventure novelist, dies at 81
1991 - Paul Maxwell, actor (City of Fear, Freedom to Die), dies at 70
1991 - Joe Cole, American rock music roadie (b. 1961)
1993 - Anthonius AM "Ton" Kors, writer (Time of Anton de Lange), dies at 47
1993 - Antoon Veerman, Dutch ARP asst sect of Education (1973-75), dies at 77
1993 - Michael Clarke, drummer (Byrds), dies of liver failure at 49
1994 - Noel Pointer, jazz violinist, dies at 39
1995 - Dame Ruth Nita Barrow, governor-general of Barbados, dies at 79
1995 - Harold Watkinson, politician/businessman, dies at 85
1995 - Janet Wilder, stuntwoman, dies at 29
1996 - Marcello Mastroiani, actor (8½, Assassin, Family Diary), dies at 72
1996 - Ronald Howard, actor (Hunting Party, Koroshi), dies at 78
1996 - Yuli Borisovich Khariton, scientist, dies at 82
1997 - Jimmy Rogers, American blues musician, dies at 73
1997 - David Norman Schramm, physicist, dies at 52
1997 - Masaru Ibuka, co-founder (Sony Corp), dies at 89
1998 - Antonio Ordóñez, Spanish bullfighter (b. 1932)
1998 - Mel Fisher, American treasure hunter (b. 1922)
1999 - Desmond Llewelyn, Welsh actor (b. 1914)
2000 - Rob Buck, American guitarist (10,000 Maniacs) (b. 1958)
2000 - Milt Hinton, American jazz double bassist (b. 1910)
2000 - John Lindsay, American politician (b. 1921)
2000 - Pops Staples, American singer (The Staple Singers) (b. 1915)
2001 - Marcel Mule, French saxophonist. (b. 1901)
2002 - Arthur Rowley, English footballer. (b. 1926)
2003 - Peter Carter-Ruck, English lawyer (b. 1914)
2003 - Hope Lange, American actress (b. 1933)
2003 - Les Tremayne, English-born American actor (b. 1913)
2004 - Herbert C. Brown, English-born American chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1912)
2004 - Renata Tebaldi, Italian soprano (b. 1922)
2005 - Keith Duckworth, English mechanical engineer (Cosworth; b. 1933)
2005 - Vincent Gigante, American mafioso (b. 1927)
2008 - James Bevel, 1960s Civil rights movement leader (b. 1936)
2008 - Kenny Cox, American jazz musician (b. 1940)
2008 - Dock Ellis, American baseball pitcher (b. 1945)
2008 - Carol Chomsky, American linguist and education specialist (b. 1930)
2009 - Hossein-Ali Montazeri, Iranian dissident cleric Grand Ayatollah (b. 1922)
2009 - Kim Peek, American prodigious savant and inspiration for the 1988 film Rain Man (b. 1951)
2010 - Trudy Pitts, American jazz organist, pianist, and vocalist (b. 1932)
2010 - Anthony Howard, English Journalist (b. 1934)
2012 - Robert Bork, American legal scholar/jurist, dies from heart disease at 85
2012 - Amnon Lipkin-Shahak, Israeli military leader, dies from cancer at 68
2012 - Larry Morris, American NFL player, dies at 79

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