This Day in History for 2nd December

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 174

1409 - The University of Leipzig opens.
1620 - English language newspaper "Namloos" begins publishing in Amsterdam
1682 - English Earl of Shaftesbury flees to Amsterdam
1697 - St Paul's Cathedral, designed by Sir Christopher Wren, consecrated for use in London, England
1755 - The second Eddystone Lighthouse is destroyed by fire.
1763 - Touro shul of Newport RI dedicated (oldest existing US synagogue)
1777 - British Gen Howe plots attack on Washington's army for Dec 4
1790 - Austrian army occupies Brussels
1802 - Britain sells Suriname to the Netherlands
1804 - Napoleon Bonaparte is crowned emperor of France in Paris
1805 - Napoleon defeats Russians & Austrians at Austerlitz
1812 - James Madison re-elected president of US, E Gerry vice-pres
4th US President James Madison4th US President James Madison 1813 - Prince Willem Frederik accepts constitutional monarchy
1816 - 1st savings bank in US opens (Philadelphia Savings Fund Society)
1822 - In San Salvador, a congress proposes incorporation into US
1823 - President James Monroe declares his "Monroe Doctrine"
1840 - Gaetano Donizetti's opera "La Favorita," premieres in Paris
1840 - William Henry Harrison elected the 9th President of the United States of America
1845 - Manifest Destiny: US President James K. Polk announces to Congress that the United States should aggressively expand into the West.
11th US President James Knox Polk11th US President James Knox Polk 1848 - Franz Josef I becomes emperor of Austria & King of Hungary
1851 - French President Charles Louis Bonaparte in a Coup d'etat overthrows the Second Republic establishing himself as Emperor.
1852 - 2nd French empire established; Louis Napoleon becomes emperor
1864 - Skirmish at Rocky Creek Church, Georgia
1867 - In a New York City theater, British author Charles Dickens gives his first public reading in the United States.
1868 - 1st British government of Disraeli resigns
1877 - Camille Saint-Saëns' opera "Samson et Dalila," premieres in Weimar
1882 - Amsterdam Artis Zoo opens aquarium
Novelist Charles DickensNovelist Charles Dickens 1883 - John Brahms' 3rd Symphony in F, premieres
1885 - Opera "Regina di Saba" premieres in Vienna
1887 - Amsterdam's Oscar Carrés Circus Theater opens
1887 - French president Grevy (80) resigns
1891 - 52nd Congress (1891-93) convenes
1895 - 54th Congress (1895-97) convenes
1896 - Gerhart Hauptmann's "Die versunkene Glocke," premieres in Berlin
1899 - US & Germany agree to divide Samoa between them
1899 - Philippine-American War: The Battle of Tirad Pass, termed "The Filipino Thermopylae", is fought.
1900 - Exiled South African president Paul Kruger arrives in Germany, though the Kaiser refuses the meet him
Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart HauptmannAuthor and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann 1901 - King Camp Gillette begins selling safety razor blades
1902 - Soccer team Go Ahead forms in Deventer
1907 - English Professional Football Players' Association forms
1907 - Tommy Burns KOs Gunner Moir in 10 for heavyweight boxing title
1908 - Child Emperor Pu Yi ascends the Chinese throne at the age of two
1913 - Archdiocese of Managua created
1913 - Government -Barthou falls due to overtime conscription
1914 - Austria army occupies Belgrade Serbia
1916 - Baseballers who are injured now get full pay for duration of contract
1917 - Han Yong-woon, found Zen awakening at Osean Monastery Korea
1922 - 10th CFL Grey Cup: Queen's University defeats Edmonton Eskimos, 13-1
1924 - British-German trade agreement signed
1927 - 1st Model A Fords sold, for $385
1928 - Cardinals' 1B Jim Bottomley is voted NL MVP
1929 - 1st skull of Peking man found, 50 km out of Peking at Tsjoe Koe Tien
1932 - "Adventures of Charlie Chan" 1st heard on NBC-Blue radio network
Actor and Dancer Fred AstaireActor and Dancer Fred Astaire 1933 - Fred Astaire's 1st film, "Dancing Lady," released
1934 - 5.08-m (200") Mt Palomar Observatory mirror is cast
1939 - British Imperial Airways & British Airways merge to form BOAC
1939 - NY's La Guardia Airport began operations as an airliner from Chicago lands, 1 minute after midnight
1941 - Largest roller skating rink (outside of NYC) opens in Peekskill NY
1941 - NY Giants name Mel Ott as player-manager, replacing Bill Terry
1941 - Naval Intelligence ceases bugging Japanese consul
1941 - Yamamoto sends his fleet to Pearl Harbor
1942 - 1st controlled nuclear chain reaction (Enrico Fermi-University of Chicago)
Father of the Atomic Bomb Enrico FermiFather of the Atomic Bomb Enrico Fermi 1943 - 1st RSHA transport out of Vienna reaches Birkenau camp
1944 - 10th Heisman Trophy Award: Les Horvath, Ohio State (QB)
1944 - General De Gaulle arrives in Moscow
1944 - German troops seize Betuwse dikes
1944 - US 95th Infantry division occupies bridge at Saar
1947 - 13th Heisman Trophy Award: John Lujack, Notre Dame (QB)
1948 - Stan Musial is picked NL MVP
1950 - Vic Toweel knocks down Danny O'Sullivan 14 times in a title fight
1951 - "Borscht Capades" closes at Royale Theater NYC after 90 performances
1951 - Phila sets NFL record of 25 1st-downs rushing
1952 - 18th Heisman Trophy Award: Billy Vessels, Oklahoma (HB)
1952 - 1st human birth televised to public (KOA-TV Denver, Colo)
MLB Legend Stan MusialMLB Legend Stan Musial 1954 - "Hit the Trail" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 4 performances
1954 - Frank Selvy of Milwaukee sets then NBA record of 24 of 26 free throws
1954 - US Senate censures Joeseph McCarthy (Sen-R-Wisc) for "conduct that tends to bring Senate into dishonor & disrepute"
1956 - Fidel Castro lands with "Granma" on coast of Cuba
1957 - 1st US large scale nuclear power plant opens (Shippingport Penn)
1957 - Sam Cooke's "You Send Me" reaches #1
1958 - 24th Heisman Trophy Award: Pete Dawkins, Army (HB)
1958 - Benelux treaty signed by Belgium, Netherlands & Luxembourg
Cuban President Fidel CastroCuban President Fidel Castro 1958 - KNOP TV channel 2 in North Platte, NB (NBC) begins broadcasting
1959 - Malpasset dam collapses destroying French Riviera town of Frejus
1961 - Fidel Castro declares he's a Marxist, & will lead Cuba to Communism
1961 - Wind Bell, journal of SF Zen Center, begins publishing
1962 - 50th CFL Grey Cup: Winnipeg beats Hamilton, 28-27 at Toronto [OT]
1963 - 1st Dutch rocket launched/reaches height of 10 km
1963 - ML Rules Committee bans oversized catcher's mitts, effective in 1965
1964 - Ringo Starr's tonsils are removed
Beatles Drummer Ringo StarrBeatles Drummer Ringo Starr 1966 - Love, Moby Grape & Lee Michaels perform at Fillmore East
1967 - 55th CFL Grey Cup: Hamilton Tiger-Cats defeats Saskatchewan, 24-1
1968 - Pres Nixon names Henry Kissinger security advisor
1969 - "Buck White" opens at George Abbott Theater NYC for 7 performances
1969 - Boeing 747 jumbo jet 1st public preview (Seattle to NYC)
1970 - Environmental Protection Agency begins (Dir: William Ruckelshaus)
1970 - Tippetts Opera "Knot Garden" premieres in London
1971 - Soviet Mars 3 is 1st to soft land on Mars
Politician, statesman Henry KissingerPolitician, statesman Henry Kissinger 1971 - United Arab Emirates (Trucial States) declares independence from UK
1971 - Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujeira, Sharjah & Umm ak Qiwain form United Arab Emirates

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 204

1578 - Agostino Agazzari, composer
1678 - Nicolaas S Cruquius, Dutch hydraulic engineer (drained Haarlemmermeer)
1694 - William Shirley, Colonial Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1771)
1703 - Ferdinand Konscak, Croatian explorer (d. 1759)
1710 - Bertinazzi, Italian actor and writer (d. 1783)
1728 - Ferdinando Galiani, Italian economist/philosopher/diplomat
1738 - Richard Montgomery, Irish-born soldier (d. 1775)
1754 - William Cooper, American judge (d. 1809)
1760 - Joseph Graetz, composer
1760 - John Breckinridge, American politician (d. 1806)
1777 - Henry Doeff, colonialist (wrote Dutch-Japanese dictionary)
1802 - Melancthon Smith Wade, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1868
1811 - Jean-Charles Chapais, French Canadian politician, Father of the Canadian Confederation (d. 1885)
1813 - Jacob Rosenhaim, composer
1817 - Heinrich von Sybel, German historian (d. 1895)
1821 - Rufus Barringer, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1895
1825 - Pedro II van Alcantara, Emperor of Brazil (1831-89)
1837 - Charles Garrison Harker, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1864
1846 - Pierre M Waldeck-Rousseau, French Min of Foreign affairs/premier
1856 - Robert Kajanus, composer
Post-Impressionist Painter Georges SeuratPost-Impressionist Painter Georges Seurat (1859) 1859 - Georges Seurat, Paris France, post-impressionist painter (Grande Jatte), (d. 1891)
1860 - C T Studd, cricketer (brother of G B, five Tests for England)
1863 - Gustav Wohlgemuth, composer
1863 - Charles Ringling, American circus owner (d. 1926)
1866 - Henry Thacker Burleigh, Erie Pa, black composer (Springarn Medal)
1868 - Francis Jammes, French poet/writer (Jammisme)
1869 - Jonas Cohn, German/English philosopher (Theory of the Dialects)
1870 - Francis Louis Casadesus, French violinist/composer/conductor
1875 - Frank Reicher, Munich Germany, actor (King Kong, Son of Kong)
1884 - Ruth Draper, US, lecture artist [or 1989]
1885 - George Minot, US, physician, worked on anemia (Nobel 1934)
1891 - Charles H. Wesley, author writer and Brother of Alpha Phi Alpha Inc. (d. 1987)
1892 - Leo Ornstein, composer
1893 - Julius Bissier, German painter
1893 - Louis Freeman, band leader
1893 - William Gaxton, SF California, actor (Destry, Convoy)
1894 - Warren William, [Krech], Aitkin MN, actor (Caesar in Cleopatra)
1895 - Klaas Voskuil, journalist
1895 - Harriet Cohen, British pianist (d. 1967)
1896 - Georgi K Zjukov, marshal of Moskow/Stalingrad [NS-Dec 11]
1897 - Rewi Alley, NZ, writer (Americans in China)
1897 - Hovhannes Bagramyan, Marshall of the Soviet Union (d. 1982)
1898 - Indra Lal Roy, Indian pilot (d. 1918)
1899 - John Barbirolli, English conductor (NY Philharmonic Orchestra)
1899 - John Cobb, British racing driver (d. 1952)
1899 - Ray Morehart, American baseball player (d. 1989)
1901 - Staf Gustaf Frans Nees, Belgian composer
1901 - Staff Nees, Flemish organist/composer (Simon Peter)
1901 - Raimundo Orsi, Argentine-born footballer (d. 1986)
1902 - Horace A Hildreth, (Gov-Maine, 1945-49)
1902 - Miroslav Ponc, composer
1904 - Donald Woods, Brandon Manitoba, actor (Tammy)
1905 - Osvaldo Pugliese, musician/composer
1906 - Eric Dalton, cricketer (2 centuries in 15 Tests for South Africa 1929-39)
1906 - John Bentley, England, actor (Hammer the Tuff)
1906 - Peter Carl Goldmark, developed color TV & LP records
1908 - Robert F Simon, Mansfield Oh, actor (Man who shot Liberty Valance)
1908 - Rufe Davis, OK, actor (Cocoanut Grove, Trail Blazers, Gangs of Sonora)
1910 - Robert Paige, Indianapolis Ind, actor (Colgate Comedy Hour)
1910 - Russell Lynes, American art historian, photographer, author and managing editor of Harper's Magazine (d. 1991)
1914 - Ray Walston, New Orleans LA, actor (My Favorite Martian, Damn Yankees)
1914 - Eddie Sauter, Bkln, musician (Sauter-Finegan Band, Sat Night Revue)
1915 - Adolph Green, songwriter (married to Phyllis Newman)
1915 - Nico Richter, composer
1915 - Randolph Hearst, newspaper publisher
1916 - John Bentley, Warwickshire England, actor (Chair)
1917 - Ezra Stone, US, actor/producer (Henry Aldrich)
1917 - Sylvia Syms, American jazz singer (Hello Dolly, Dream Girl, Them There Eyes). Died 1992.
1918 - Milton Delugg, Los Angeles California, orchestra leader (Tonight Show)
1919 - Michael Geoffrey Corcos, medical researcher
1920 - Robert Moevs, composer
1922 - Leo V Gordon, Baltimore MD, actor (Circus Boy, Enos, Winds of War)
1923 - Maria M Callas, NYC, soprano (Carmen)
1923 - Meshulam Riklis, husband of Pia Zadora
1924 - Alexander Haig Jr, Bala-Cynwyd Pa, US Sec of State (1981-82)/General
1924 - Jonathan Frid, actor (Barnabas Collins-Dark Shadows)
1925 - Julie Harris, Grosse Pt Mich, actress (Bell Jar, East of Eden), (d. 2013)
1929 - Harvey Phillips, Aurora Missouri, tubist (NYC Ballet Orch)
1929 - Jaap Boersma, Dutch minister for Social Affairs (ARP)
1929 - Lowell North, Springfield Mass, yachtsman (Olympic-Gold-1968)
1930 - Gary Becker, American economist, recipient of the Bank of Sweden Prize
1931 - Edwin Meese III, prude, US attorney General (1985-88)
1931 - Hatsumi Masaaki, Founder and head of the Bujinkan Dojo organization
1933 - Michael Larrabee, American athlete (d. 2003)
1933 - K. Veeramani, Indian anti-caste activist
1934 - Andre Rodgers, baseball player (d. 2004)
1935 - Jurg Wyttenbach, composer
1935 - David Hackett Fischer, American historian
1936 - Peter Michael Braun, composer
1937 - Brian Lumley, England, sci-fi author (Compleat Crow, Psychomech)
1939 - Yael Dayan, Israeli writer and politician
1939 - Harry Reid, American politician
1939 - Francis Fox, Canadian politician, member of the Senate
1940 - Gerry Cheevers, NHL goalie (Bruin, longest undefeated streak-32 games)
1940 - Willie Brown, NFL defensive back (Denver Broncos, Oakland Raiders)
1941 - Paul C W Chu, China, physicist (superconductivity)
1941 - Tom McGuiness, rocker (McGuiness-Flint)
1942 - Bob E Smith, Sacramento CA, PGA golfer (1993 Yanase Cup)
1942 - Ted Bluechel, San Pedro Ca, rock vocalist/drummer (Association)
1943 - David Munden, rocker

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 6 of 6

First Lady of the United States Edith RooseveltFirst Lady of the United States Edith Roosevelt (1886) 1886 - 26th US President Theodore Roosevelt (28) weds second wife Edith Kermit Carow (25) in London
1926 - Film director/producer Alfred Hitchcock (27) weds director Alma Reville (27) at Brompton Oratory in London
1933 - 1st transatlantic telephone wedding (Bertil Clason-Sigrid Carlson)
1965 - Comedian Tony Hancock (40) weds publicist Freddie Ross (35)
2000 - Mexican singer Thalia (29) weds co-owner of Casablanca Records Tommy Mottola (51) at St. Patrick
2006 - "Emmerdale" actor Nick Miles (44) weds Stephanie Lumb at the Roundthorn Country House Hotel in Penrith, England

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 112

537 - Sylvester, Italian Pope (536-37), dies
1348 - Emperor Hanazono of Japan (b. 1297)
1381 - John of Ruysbroeck, Flemish mystic
1463 - Archduke Albert VI of Austria (b. 1418)
1515 - Gonzalo de Cordoba, Spanish general/strategist/viceroy of Naples, dies
Spanish Conquistador Hernán CortésSpanish Conquistador Hernán Cortés (1547) 1547 - Hernán Cortés, Spanish Conquistador who defeated the Aztec Empire, dies of pleurisy at 61/62
1552 - Francis Xavier, Spanish Catholic missionary (b. 1506)
1592 - Alexander Farnese, land guardian of Neth (1579-92), dies at 46
1615 - Louis des Balbes de Berton de Crillon, French general
1665 - Catherine de Vivonne, marquise de Rambouillet, French socialite (b. 1588)
1694 - Pierre Paul Puget, French artist (b. 1622)
1719 - Pasquier Quesnel, French theologist (La Foi), dies at 85
1723 - Philip, French duke of Orleans/regent (1715-23)/PM (1723), dies
1726 - Samuel Penhallow, English-born American colonist and historian (b. 1665)
1747 - Vincent Bourne, English classical scholar (b. 1695)
1748 - Charles Seymour, 6th Duke of Somerset, English politician (b. 1662)
1763 - Carl August Thielo, composer, dies at 56
1774 - Johann Friedrich Agricola, German (court)composer/organist, dies at 54
Philosopher and Writer Marquis de SadePhilosopher and Writer Marquis de Sade (1814) 1814 - Marquis de Sade, French philosopher and writer (Justine), dies at 74. The words sadism and sadist are derived from his name.
1828 - Simon Paap, Dutch 56 cm long dwarf/cabaret artist, dies at 39
1831 - Traugott Maximilian Eberwein, composer, dies at 56
1844 - Eustachy Erazm Sanguszko, Polish general and politician (b. 1768)
1845 - Johannes Simon Mayr, composer, dies at 82
1849 - Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen, wife of William IV of the United Kingdom (b. 1792)
1859 - John Brown, US abolitionist (Harpers Ferry), hanged at 59
1860 - Alfred Bunn, British theatrical manager (b. 1796)
Abolitionist John BrownAbolitionist John Brown (1859) 1864 - Archibald Gracie III, Confederate brig-general, dies in battle at Siege of Petersburg, Virginia aged 32
1880 - Josephine Lang, composer, dies at 65
1888 - Franz Xaver Witt, composer, dies at 54
1888 - Mehmed N Kemal Bey, Turkish writer/journalist (Vatan), dies at 47
1892 - Jay Gould, American entrepreneur (b. 1836)
1899 - Gregorio del Pilar, Filipino general (killed at Battle of Tirad Pass) (b. 1875)
1903 - Victor Roger, composer, dies at 50
1915 - Jan Malat, composer, dies at 72
1916 - Francesco Paolo Tosti, composer, dies at 69
1918 - Margit Kaffka, writer, dies at 38
1918 - Edmond Rostand, French poet and dramatist (b. 1868)
1919 - Henry Clay Frick, built largest coke & steel operation, dies at 69
1923 - Tomas Breton y Hernandez, composer, dies at 72
1924 - Kazimieras Būga, Lithuanian philologist (b. 1879)
1925 - Julio Garreta, composer, dies at 50
1931 - Paul-Marie-Theodore-Vincent D'indy, French count/composer, dies at 80
1933 - Josef Gruber, composer, dies at 78
1935 - Albert Kessel, 1st to die in California gas chamber
1936 - John Ringling, American circus owner (b. 1866)
1943 - Nordahl Grieg, writer, dies
1944 - Filippo T Marinetti, Italian writer (father of futurism), dies at 67
1944 - JW Ummels, Dutch resistance fighter (House of Saxon-Nazi), dies
1950 - Dino Lipatti, composer, dies at 33
1953 - Ernest Hayes, cricketer (Surrey bat played 5 Tests for England), dies
1953 - Francis Picabia, French painter/illustrator, dies at 75
1953 - Reginald Baker, Australian athlete and actor (b. 1884)
1957 - Harrison Ford, silent screen actor (Rubber Tires), dies at 73
1957 - Manfred Sakel, Polish psychiatrist (b. 1902)
1963 - Sabu Sabu, actor (Jungle Book, Drums), dies of heart attack at 39
1963 - Thomas J. Hicks, British-born runner (b. 1875)
1965 - The Rajkumar of Vizianagram, cricketer (Indian Test capt 1936), dies
1966 - Luitzen [Bertus] Brouwers, Dutch mathematician, dies at 85
1967 - Francis J "Cardinal" Spellman, archbishop of NY, dies at 78
1969 - Kliment J Voroshilov, president USSR (1953-60), dies
1972 - Friedrich Christian Christiansen, German Luftwaffe general, dies
1972 - Jose Limon, Mexican/US dancer (moor's pavane), dies at 64
1974 - Sofie-Carmen Eckhardt-Gramatte, composer, dies at 72
1974 - Max Weber, Swiss Federal Councilor (b. 1897)
1976 - Danny Murtaugh, baseball manager (Pittsburgh Pirates), dies at 59
1976 - William Tannen, actor (Jailhouse Rock, Sitting Bull), dies at 65
1979 - Vasily Pavlovich Solov'yov-Sedoy, composer, dies at 72
1980 - Romain Gary, Lithuanian-born French writer (b. 1914)
1981 - Hershy Kay, composer, dies at 62
1981 - Nicolaas "Cola" Debrot, gov of Dutch Antilles (1962-70), dies at 79
1981 - Wallace K[irkman] Harrison, US architect (UN), dies at 86
1982 - David Blue, rocker, dies while jogging in Greenwich Village at 41
1982 - Marty Feldman, comedian (Young Frankenstein), dies at 49
1983 - Atholl Mckinnon, cricketer (South African lefty spinner in 8 Tests), dies
1983 - Fifi D'Orsay, "French Bombshell" (Dixie Jamboree), dies cancer at 79
1985 - Alex Courtney, actor (Sword of Justice), dies
1985 - Philip Larkin, [hermit of Hull], English poet, dies at 63
1985 - Aniello Dellacroce, American gangster (b. 1914)
Actor Desi ArnazActor Desi Arnaz (1986) 1986 - Desi Arnaz, actor (Ricky Ricardo-I Love Lucy), dies at 69 of lung cancer
1986 - John Curtis Gowan, American psychologist (b. 1912)
1987 - Yakov Borisovich Zel'dovich, Russian physicist (b. 1914)
1988 - Tata Giacobetti, Italian singer and lyricist (Quartetto Cetra)
1990 - Aaron Copland, American composer (Billy the Kid, Fanfare for Common Man), dies at 90
1990 - Robert Cummings, actor (Love that Bob), dies of kidney failure at 82
1992 - Gary Mascaro, choreographer, dies at 43
1992 - Loek Elfferich, Dutch journalist/historian (Treason in Rotterdam), die
Colombian Drug Lord Pablo EscobarColombian Drug Lord Pablo Escobar (1993) 1993 - Pablo Escobar Gaviria, Colombian drug baron, shot to death at 44
1994 - Donald John Urquhart, librarian, dies at 85
1994 - James Norman Dalrymple Anderson, lawyer, dies at 86
1995 - Francis Joseph Quinn, academic, dies at 90
1995 - Roxie Roker, actress (Helen Willis-Jeffersons), dies at 66
1995 - Stanley Devon, photographer, dies at 88
1995 - [William] Robertson Davies, novelist essayist/dramatist, dies
1996 - Penelope Jessel, politcal activist, dies at 76
1997 - Shirley Crabtree, British professional wrestler (b. 1930)
1997 - Michael Hedges, American guitarist known for originality (b. 1953)
2002 - Ivan Illich, Austrian priest and philosopher (b. 1926)
2002 - Arno Peters, German historian (b. 1916)
2003 - Alan Davidson, British author (b. 1924)
2004 - Mona Van Duyn, American poet (b. 1921)

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