This Day in History for 2nd December

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 181

1409 - The University of Leipzig opens.
1620 - English language newspaper "Namloos" begins publishing in Amsterdam
1682 - English Earl of Shaftesbury flees to Amsterdam
1697 - St Paul's Cathedral, designed by Sir Christopher Wren is consecrated for use (the previous building was destroyed in the Great Fire of London)
1755 - The second Eddystone Lighthouse is destroyed by fire.
1763 - Touro shul of Newport RI dedicated (oldest existing US synagogue)
1777 - British General Howe plots attack on Washington's army for Dec 4
1790 - Austrian army occupies Brussels
1802 - Britain sells Suriname to the Netherlands
1804 - Napoleon Bonaparte is crowned emperor of France in Paris
1805 - Napoleon defeats Russians & Austrians at Austerlitz
1812 - James Madison re-elected president of US, E Gerry vice-pres
1813 - Prince Willem Frederik accepts constitutional monarchy
1816 - First savings bank in US opens (Philadelphia Savings Fund Society)
1822 - In San Salvador, a congress proposes incorporation into US
5th US President James Monroe5th US President James Monroe 1823 - President James Monroe declares his "Monroe Doctrine", a US foreign policy regarding Latin America
1840 - Gaetano Donizetti's opera "La Favorita" premieres in Paris
1840 - William Henry Harrison elected the 9th President of the United States of America
1845 - Manifest Destiny: US President James K. Polk announces to Congress that the United States should aggressively expand into the West.
1848 - Franz Josef I becomes Emperor of Austria & King of Hungary
1851 - French President Charles Louis Bonaparte in a Coup d'etat overthrows the Second Republic establishing himself as Emperor.
1864 - Skirmish at Rocky Creek Church, Georgia
1867 - In a New York City theater, British author Charles Dickens gives his first public reading in the United States.
1868 - First British government of Disraeli resigns
Novelist Charles DickensNovelist Charles Dickens 1877 - Camille Saint-Saëns' opera "Samson et Dalila" premieres in Weimar
1882 - Amsterdam Artis Zoo opens aquarium
1883 - John Brahms' 3rd Symphony in F premieres
1885 - Opera "Regina di Saba" premieres in Vienna
1887 - Amsterdam's Oscar Carrés Circus Theater opens
1887 - French president Grevy (80) resigns
1891 - 52nd Congress (1891-93) convenes
1895 - 54th Congress (1895-97) convenes
1896 - Gerhart Hauptmann's "Die versunkene Glocke" premieres in Berlin
1899 - US & Germany agree to divide Samoa between them
1899 - Philippine-American War: The Battle of Tirad Pass, termed "The Filipino Thermopylae", is fought.
1900 - Exiled South African president Paul Kruger arrives in Germany, though the Kaiser refuses the meet him
Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart HauptmannAuthor and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann 1901 - King Camp Gillette begins selling safety razor blades
1902 - Soccer team Go Ahead forms in Deventer
1907 - English Professional Football Players' Association forms
1907 - Tommy Burns KOs Gunner Moir in 10 for heavyweight boxing title
1908 - Child Emperor Pu Yi ascends the Chinese throne at the age of two
1913 - Archdiocese of Managua created
1913 - French Government -Barthou falls due to overtime conscription
1914 - Austria army occupies Belgrade Serbia
1916 - Baseballers who are injured now get full pay for duration of contract
1917 - Han Yong-woon, found Zen awakening at Osean Monastery Korea
1922 - 10th CFL Grey Cup: Queen's University defeats Edmonton Eskimos, 13-1
1924 - British-German trade agreement signed
1927 - First Model A Fords sold, for $385
1927 - Paleoanthropologist Davidson Black announces to the Geological Society of China that the ancient human fossils from Zhoukoudian, China are a new species which he has named 'Sinanthropus pekinensis' (now known as 'Homo erectus')
Paleoanthropologist Davidson BlackPaleoanthropologist Davidson Black 1928 - Cardinals' 1B Jim Bottomley is voted NL MVP
1929 - First skull of Peking man found, 50 km out of Peking at Tsjoe Koe Tien
1932 - "Adventures of Charlie Chan" 1st heard on NBC-Blue radio network
1933 - Fred Astaire's 1st film, "Dancing Lady", released
1934 - 5.08-m (200") Mt Palomar Observatory mirror is cast
1939 - British Imperial Airways & British Airways merge to form BOAC
1939 - NY's La Guardia Airport began operations as an airliner from Chicago lands, 1 minute after midnight
1941 - Largest roller skating rink (outside of NYC) opens in Peekskill NY
1941 - NY Giants name Mel Ott as player-manager, replacing Bill Terry
1941 - US Naval Intelligence ceases bugging Japanese consul
1941 - Japanese Admiral Yamamoto sends his fleet to Pearl Harbor
1941 - American mobster Louis Buchalter is sentenced to death along with his lieutenants Emanuel Weiss and Louis Capone
Father of the Atomic Bomb Enrico FermiFather of the Atomic Bomb Enrico Fermi 1942 - World’s 1st self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction occurs in Chicagi Pile-1 (world's 1st nuclear reactor) at the University of Chicago, overseen by Enrico Fermi
1943 - First RSHA (Reichssicherheitshauptamt -Nazi Reich Security Head Office) transport out of Vienna reaches Birkenau camp
1944 - 10th Heisman Trophy Award: Les Horvath, Ohio State (QB)
1944 - General De Gaulle arrives in Moscow
1944 - German troops seize Betuwse dikes
1944 - US 95th Infantry division occupies bridge at Saar
1947 - 13th Heisman Trophy Award: John Lujack, Notre Dame (QB)
1948 - Stan Musial is picked NL MVP
1950 - Vic Toweel knocks down Danny O'Sullivan 14 times in a title fight
1951 - "Borscht Capades" closes at Royale Theater NYC after 90 performances
1951 - Phila sets NFL record of 25 1st-downs rushing
First Wide Receiver in NFL History Don HutsonFirst Wide Receiver in NFL History Don Hutson 1951 - Don Hutson's #14 jersey is retired by the Green Bay Packers, the first number retired in the history of the franchise
1952 - 18th Heisman Trophy Award: Billy Vessels, Oklahoma (HB)
1952 - First human birth televised to public (KOA-TV Denver, Colo)
1954 - "Hit the Trail" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 4 performances
1954 - Frank Selvy of Milwaukee sets then NBA record of 24 of 26 free throws
1954 - US Senate censures Joeseph McCarthy (Sen-R-Wisc) for "conduct that tends to bring Senate into dishonor & disrepute"
1956 - Fidel Castro lands with "Granma" on coast of Cuba
1957 - 1st US large scale nuclear power plant opens (Shippingport Penn)
1957 - Sam Cooke's single "You Send Me" reaches #1
1958 - 24th Heisman Trophy Award: Pete Dawkins, Army (HB)
1958 - Benelux treaty signed by Belgium, Netherlands & Luxembourg
1958 - KNOP TV channel 2 in North Platte, NB (NBC) begins broadcasting
Cuban President Fidel CastroCuban President Fidel Castro 1959 - Malpasset dam collapses destroying French Riviera town of Frejus
1961 - Fidel Castro declares he's a Marxist & will lead Cuba to Communism
1961 - Wind Bell, journal of SF Zen Center, begins publishing
1962 - 50th CFL Grey Cup: Winnipeg beats Hamilton, 28-27 at Toronto [OT]
1963 - First Dutch rocket launched/reaches height of 10 km
1963 - ML Rules Committee bans oversized catcher's mitts, effective in 1965
1964 - Ringo Starr's tonsils are removed
1966 - Love, Moby Grape & Lee Michaels perform at Fillmore East
1967 - 55th CFL Grey Cup: Hamilton Tiger-Cats defeats Saskatchewan, 24-1
1968 - US President Richard Nixon names Henry Kissinger security advisor
1969 - "Buck White" opens at George Abbott Theater NYC for 7 performances
1969 - Boeing 747 jumbo jet 1st public preview (Seattle to NYC)
1970 - Environmental Protection Agency begins (Dir: William Ruckelshaus)
1970 - Michael Tippett's opera "The Knot Garden" premieres in London
Politician, statesman Henry KissingerPolitician, statesman Henry Kissinger 1971 - Soviet Mars 3 is first to soft land on Mars

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 204

1578 - Agostino Agazzari, composer
1678 - Nicolaas S Cruquius, Dutch hydraulic engineer (drained Haarlemmermeer)
1694 - William Shirley, Colonial Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1771)
1703 - Ferdinand Konscak, Croatian explorer (d. 1759)
1710 - Bertinazzi, Italian actor and writer (d. 1783)
1728 - Ferdinando Galiani, Italian economist/philosopher/diplomat
1738 - Richard Montgomery, Irish-born soldier (d. 1775)
1754 - William Cooper, American judge (d. 1809)
1760 - Joseph Graetz, composer
1760 - John Breckinridge, American politician (d. 1806)
1777 - Henry Doeff, colonialist (wrote Dutch-Japanese dictionary)
1802 - Melancthon Smith Wade, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1868)
1811 - Jean-Charles Chapais, French Canadian politician, Father of the Canadian Confederation (d. 1885)
1813 - Jacob Rosenhaim, composer
1817 - Heinrich von Sybel, German historian (d. 1895)
1821 - Rufus Barringer, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1895)
1825 - Pedro II van Alcantara, Emperor of Brazil (1831-89)
1837 - Charles Garrison Harker, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1864)
1846 - Pierre M Waldeck-Rousseau, French Min of Foreign affairs/premier
1856 - Robert Kajanus, composer
Post-Impressionist Painter Georges SeuratPost-Impressionist Painter Georges Seurat (1859) 1859 - Georges Seurat, Paris France, post-impressionist painter (Grande Jatte), (d. 1891)
1860 - C T Studd, cricketer (brother of G B, five Tests for England)
1863 - Gustav Wohlgemuth, composer
1863 - Charles Ringling, American circus owner (d. 1926)
1866 - Henry Thacker Burleigh, Erie Pa, African American composer (Springarn Medal)
1868 - Francis Jammes, French poet/writer (Jammisme)
1869 - Jonas Cohn, German/English philosopher (Theory of the Dialects)
1870 - Francis Louis Casadesus, French violinist/composer/conductor
1875 - Frank Reicher, Munich Germany, actor (King Kong, Son of Kong)
1884 - Ruth Draper, US, lecture artist [or 1989]
1885 - George Minot, US, physician, worked on anemia (Nobel 1934)
1891 - Charles H. Wesley, author writer and Brother of Alpha Phi Alpha Inc. (d. 1987)
1892 - Leo Ornstein, composer
1893 - Julius Bissier, German painter
1893 - Louis Freeman, band leader
1893 - William Gaxton, SF California, actor (Destry, Convoy)
1894 - Warren William, [Krech], Aitkin MN, actor (Caesar in Cleopatra)
1895 - Klaas Voskuil, journalist
1895 - Harriet Cohen, British pianist (d. 1967)
1896 - Georgi K Zjukov, marshal of Moskow/Stalingrad [NS-Dec 11]
1897 - Rewi Alley, NZ, writer (Americans in China)
1897 - Hovhannes Bagramyan, Marshall of the Soviet Union (d. 1982)
1898 - Indra Lal Roy, Indian pilot (d. 1918)
1899 - John Barbirolli, English conductor (NY Philharmonic Orchestra)
1899 - John Cobb, British racing driver (d. 1952)
1899 - Ray Morehart, American baseball player (d. 1989)
1901 - Staf Gustaf Frans Nees, Belgian composer
1901 - Staff Nees, Flemish organist/composer (Simon Peter)
1901 - Raimundo Orsi, Argentine-born footballer (d. 1986)
1902 - Horace A Hildreth, (Gov-Maine, 1945-49)
1902 - Miroslav Ponc, composer
1904 - Donald Woods, Brandon Manitoba, actor (Tammy)
1905 - Osvaldo Pugliese, musician/composer
1906 - Eric Dalton, cricketer (2 centuries in 15 Tests for South Africa 1929-39)
1906 - John Bentley, England, actor (Hammer the Tuff)
1906 - Peter Carl Goldmark, developed color TV & LP records
1908 - Robert F Simon, Mansfield Oh, actor (Man who shot Liberty Valance)
1908 - Rufe Davis, OK, actor (Cocoanut Grove, Trail Blazers, Gangs of Sonora)
1910 - Robert Paige, Indianapolis Ind, actor (Colgate Comedy Hour)
1910 - Russell Lynes, American art historian, photographer, author and managing editor of Harper's Magazine (d. 1991)
1914 - Ray Walston, actor (My Favorite Martian, Damn Yankees), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
1914 - Eddie Sauter, Bkln, musician (Sauter-Finegan Band, Sat Night Revue)
1915 - Adolph Green, songwriter (married to Phyllis Newman)
1915 - Nico Richter, composer
1915 - Randolph Hearst, newspaper publisher
1916 - John Bentley, Warwickshire England, actor (Chair)
1917 - Ezra Stone, US, actor/producer (Henry Aldrich)
1917 - Sylvia Syms, American jazz singer (Hello Dolly, Dream Girl, Them There Eyes), (d. 1992)
1918 - Milton Delugg, orchestra leader (Tonight Show), born in Los Angeles, California
1919 - Michael Geoffrey Corcos, medical researcher
1920 - Robert Moevs, composer
1922 - Leo V Gordon, actor (Circus Boy, Enos, Winds of War), born in Baltimore, Maryland
1923 - Maria M Callas, soprano (Carmen), born in NYC, New York
1923 - Meshulam Riklis, husband of Pia Zadora
1924 - Alexander Haig Jr, Bala-Cynwyd Pa, US Sec of State (1981-82)/General
1924 - Jonathan Frid, actor (Barnabas Collins-Dark Shadows)
1925 - Julie Harris, Grosse Pt Mich, actress (Bell Jar, East of Eden), (d. 2013)
1929 - Harvey Phillips, Aurora Missouri, tubist (NYC Ballet Orch)
1929 - Jaap Boersma, Dutch minister for Social Affairs (ARP)
1929 - Lowell North, yachtsman (Olympic-Gold-1968), born in Springfield, Massachusetts
1930 - Gary Becker, American economist, recipient of the Bank of Sweden Prize, (d. 2014)
1931 - Edwin Meese III, prude, US attorney General (1985-88)
1931 - Hatsumi Masaaki, Founder and head of the Bujinkan Dojo organization
1933 - Michael Larrabee, American athlete (d. 2003)
1933 - K. Veeramani, Indian anti-caste activist
1934 - Andre Rodgers, baseball player (d. 2004)
1935 - Jurg Wyttenbach, composer
1935 - David Hackett Fischer, American historian
1936 - Peter Michael Braun, composer
1937 - Brian Lumley, England, sci-fi author (Compleat Crow, Psychomech)
1939 - Yael Dayan, Israeli writer and politician
1939 - Harry Reid, American politician
1939 - Francis Fox, Canadian politician, member of the Senate
1940 - Gerry Cheevers, NHL goalie (Bruin, longest undefeated streak-32 games)
1940 - Willie Brown, NFL defensive back (Denver Broncos, Oakland Raiders)
1941 - Paul C W Chu, China, physicist (superconductivity)
1941 - Tom McGuiness, rocker (McGuiness-Flint)
1942 - Bob E Smith, PGA golfer (1993 Yanase Cup), born in Sacramento, California
1942 - Ted Bluechel, San Pedro Ca, rock vocalist/drummer (Association)
1943 - David Munden, rocker

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 6 of 6

First Lady of the United States Edith RooseveltFirst Lady of the United States Edith Roosevelt (1886) 1886 - 26th US President Theodore Roosevelt (28) weds second wife Edith Kermit Carow (25) in London
1926 - Film director/producer Alfred Hitchcock (27) weds director Alma Reville (27) at Brompton Oratory in London
1933 - 1st transatlantic telephone wedding (Bertil Clason-Sigrid Carlson)
1965 - Comedian Tony Hancock (40) weds publicist Freddie Ross (35)
2000 - Mexican singer Thalia (29) weds co-owner of Casablanca Records Tommy Mottola (51) at St. Patrick
2006 - "Emmerdale" actor Nick Miles (44) weds Stephanie Lumb at the Roundthorn Country House Hotel in Penrith, England

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 115

537 - Sylvester, Italian Pope (536-37), dies
1348 - Emperor Hanazono of Japan (b. 1297)
1381 - John of Ruysbroeck, Flemish mystic
1463 - Archduke Albert VI of Austria (b. 1418)
1515 - Gonzalo de Cordoba, Spanish general/strategist/viceroy of Naples, dies
Spanish Conquistador Hernán CortésSpanish Conquistador Hernán Cortés (1547) 1547 - Hernán Cortés, Spanish Conquistador who defeated the Aztec Empire, dies of pleurisy at 61/62
1552 - Francis Xavier, Spanish Catholic missionary (b. 1506)
1592 - Alexander Farnese, land guardian of Neth (1579-92), dies at 46
1615 - Louis des Balbes de Berton de Crillon, French general
1665 - Catherine de Vivonne, marquise de Rambouillet, French socialite (b. 1588)
1694 - Pierre Paul Puget, French artist (b. 1622)
1719 - Pasquier Quesnel, French theologist (La Foi), dies at 85
1723 - Philip, French duke of Orleans/regent (1715-23)/PM (1723), dies
1726 - Samuel Penhallow, English-born American colonist and historian (b. 1665)
1747 - Vincent Bourne, English classical scholar (b. 1695)
1748 - Charles Seymour, 6th Duke of Somerset, English politician (b. 1662)
1763 - Carl August Thielo, composer, dies at 56
1774 - Johann Friedrich Agricola, German (court)composer/organist, dies at 54
Philosopher and Writer Marquis de SadePhilosopher and Writer Marquis de Sade (1814) 1814 - Marquis de Sade, French philosopher and writer (Justine), dies at 74. The words sadism and sadist are derived from his name.
1828 - Simon Paap, Dutch 56 cm long dwarf/cabaret artist, dies at 39
1831 - Traugott Maximilian Eberwein, composer, dies at 56
1844 - Eustachy Erazm Sanguszko, Polish general and politician (b. 1768)
1845 - Johannes Simon Mayr, composer, dies at 82
1849 - Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen, wife of William IV of the United Kingdom (b. 1792)
1859 - John Brown, US abolitionist (Harpers Ferry), hanged at 59
1860 - Alfred Bunn, British theatrical manager (b. 1796)
1864 - Archibald Gracie III, Confederate brig-general, dies in battle at Siege of Petersburg, Virginia aged 32
1880 - Josephine Lang, composer, dies at 65
1888 - Franz Xaver Witt, composer, dies at 54
Abolitionist John BrownAbolitionist John Brown (1859) 1888 - Mehmed N Kemal Bey, Turkish writer/journalist (Vatan), dies at 47
1892 - Jay Gould, American entrepreneur (b. 1836)
1899 - Gregorio del Pilar, Filipino general (killed at Battle of Tirad Pass) (b. 1875)
1903 - Victor Roger, composer, dies at 50
1915 - Jan Malat, composer, dies at 72
1916 - Francesco Paolo Tosti, composer, dies at 69
1918 - Margit Kaffka, writer, dies at 38
1918 - Edmond Rostand, French poet and dramatist (b. 1868)
1919 - Henry Clay Frick, built largest coke & steel operation, dies at 69
1923 - Tomas Breton y Hernandez, composer, dies at 72
1924 - Kazimieras Būga, Lithuanian philologist (b. 1879)
1925 - Julio Garreta, composer, dies at 50
1931 - Paul-Marie-Theodore-Vincent D'indy, French count/composer, dies at 80
1933 - Josef Gruber, composer, dies at 78
1935 - Albert Kessel, 1st to die in California gas chamber
1936 - John Ringling, American circus owner (b. 1866)
1943 - Nordahl Grieg, writer, dies
1944 - Filippo T Marinetti, Italian writer (father of futurism), dies at 67
1944 - JW Ummels, Dutch resistance fighter (House of Saxon-Nazi), dies
1950 - Dino Lipatti, composer, dies at 33
1953 - Ernest Hayes, cricketer (Surrey bat played 5 Tests for England), dies
1953 - Francis Picabia, French painter/illustrator, dies at 75
1953 - Reginald Baker, Australian athlete and actor (b. 1884)
1957 - Harrison Ford, silent screen actor (Rubber Tires), dies at 73
1957 - Manfred Sakel, Polish psychiatrist (b. 1902)
1963 - Sabu Sabu, actor (Jungle Book, Drums), dies of heart attack at 39
1963 - Thomas J. Hicks, British-born runner (b. 1875)
1965 - The Rajkumar of Vizianagram, cricketer (Indian Test capt 1936), dies
1966 - Luitzen [Bertus] Brouwers, Dutch mathematician, dies at 85
1967 - Francis J "Cardinal" Spellman, archbishop of NY, dies at 78
1969 - Kliment J Voroshilov, president USSR (1953-60), dies
1972 - Friedrich Christian Christiansen, German Luftwaffe general, dies
1972 - Jose Limon, Mexican/US dancer (moor's pavane), dies at 64
1974 - Sofie-Carmen Eckhardt-Gramatte, composer, dies at 72
1974 - Max Weber, Swiss Federal Councilor (b. 1897)
1976 - Danny Murtaugh, baseball manager (Pittsburgh Pirates), dies at 59
1976 - William Tannen, actor (Jailhouse Rock, Sitting Bull), dies at 65
1979 - Vasily Pavlovich Solov'yov-Sedoy, composer, dies at 72
1980 - Romain Gary, Lithuanian-born French writer (b. 1914)
1981 - Hershy Kay, composer, dies at 62
1981 - Nicolaas "Cola" Debrot, gov of Dutch Antilles (1962-70), dies at 79
1981 - Wallace K[irkman] Harrison, US architect (UN), dies at 86
1982 - David Blue, rocker, dies while jogging in Greenwich Village at 41
1982 - Marty Feldman, comedian (Young Frankenstein), dies at 49
1983 - Atholl Mckinnon, cricketer (South African lefty spinner in 8 Tests), dies
1983 - Fifi D'Orsay, "French Bombshell" (Dixie Jamboree), dies cancer at 79
1985 - Alex Courtney, actor (Sword of Justice), dies
1985 - Philip Larkin, [hermit of Hull], English poet, dies at 63
1985 - Aniello Dellacroce, American gangster (b. 1914)
Actor Desi ArnazActor Desi Arnaz (1986) 1986 - Desi Arnaz, actor (Ricky Ricardo-I Love Lucy), dies at 69 of lung cancer
1986 - John Curtis Gowan, American psychologist (b. 1912)
1987 - Yakov Borisovich Zel'dovich, Russian physicist (b. 1914)
1988 - Tata Giacobetti, Italian singer and lyricist (Quartetto Cetra)
1990 - Aaron Copland, American composer (Billy the Kid, Fanfare for Common Man), dies at 90
1990 - Robert Cummings, actor (Love that Bob), dies of kidney failure at 82
1992 - Gary Mascaro, choreographer, dies at 43
1992 - Loek Elfferich, Dutch journalist/historian (Treason in Rotterdam), die
1993 - Pablo Escobar Gaviria, Colombian drug baron, shot to death at 44
1994 - Donald John Urquhart, librarian, dies at 85
1994 - James Norman Dalrymple Anderson, lawyer, dies at 86
1995 - Francis Joseph Quinn, academic, dies at 90
Colombian Drug Lord Pablo EscobarColombian Drug Lord Pablo Escobar (1993) 1995 - Roxie Roker, actress (Helen Willis-Jeffersons), dies at 66
1995 - Stanley Devon, photographer, dies at 88
1995 - [William] Robertson Davies, novelist essayist/dramatist, dies
1996 - Penelope Jessel, politcal activist, dies at 76
1997 - Shirley Crabtree, British professional wrestler (b. 1930)
1997 - Michael Hedges, American guitarist known for originality (b. 1953)
2002 - Ivan Illich, Austrian priest and philosopher (b. 1926)
2002 - Arno Peters, German historian (b. 1916)
2003 - Alan Davidson, British author (b. 1924)
2004 - Mona Van Duyn, American poet (b. 1921)

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