This Day in History for 24th December

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 116

563 - The Byzantine church Hagia Sophia in Constantinople is dedicated for the second time after being destroyed by earthquakes.
640 - John IV begins his reign as Catholic Pope
1046 - Pope Clement II, [Suitger] elected
1294 - Cardinal Benedetto Gaetani chosen as Pope Boniface VIII
1476 - 400 Burgundian soldiers freeze to death during siege of Nancy
1515 - Thomas Wolsey appointed English Lord Chancellor
1565 - Compromise of the Nobles in Habsburg Netherlands closes against inquisition
1568 - Uprising of Moriscos in Granada
1593 - Storm hits Texel: 40 ships hit, 500 killed
1651 - John van Riebeeck departs to Cape of Good Hope
1715 - Swedish troops occupy Norway
1777 - Kiritimati, also called Christmas Island, is discovered by James Cook
Captain/Explorer James CookCaptain/Explorer James Cook 1798 - Russia & Britain sign Second anti-French Coalition
1799 - Jacobin plot against Napoleon uncovered
1814 - Treaty of Ghent (end of US-Britain War of 1812) signed
1818 - "Silent Night" composed by Franz Joseph Gruber; 1st sung next day
1832 - 1st US Negro hospital founded by whites chartered, Savannah, Georgia
1832 - HMS Beagle anchors in Wigwam Bay at Cape Receiver
1851 - Fire devastates US Library of Congress in Washington, destroys 35,000 volumes
1860 - Joseph Jefferson's "Rip Van Winkle" premieres in NYC
1864 - Battle of Gordonsville, VA
1865 - Several Confederate veterans form Ku Klux Klan in Pulaski, Tn
French Emperor Napoleon BonaparteFrench Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte 1871 - Giusseppi Verdi's "Aida" premieres in Cairo, at the opening of the Suez canal
1874 - Pope Pius IX proclaims a jubilee for 1875
1884 - Austria-Hungary admits King Leopold II's Congo Free State
1889 - Daniel Stover & William Hance patent bicycle with back pedal brake
1893 - Henry Ford completes his 1st useful gas motor
1894 - Scheveningse fishing boats destroyed by storm
1894 - Soccer team Achilles '94 forms in Axes
1898 - Herman Heijermans' "Ghetto" premieres in Amsterdam
1900 - Herman Heijermans' "Hope of Blessing" premieres in Amsterdam
1900 - The French Chamber of Deputies and Senate pass a bill calling for an end to agitation or prosecutions against those involved in the Dreyfus affair, which has divided France since 1894
Ford Motor Company Founder Henry FordFord Motor Company Founder Henry Ford 1900 - Foreign powers present the Chinese Empress with their list of 'irrevocable conditions' before their nations will withdraw troops from China
1904 - German SW Africa abolishes slavery of young children
1906 - Reginald A Fessenden became 1st to broadcast music over radio (Mass)
1910 - Luisa Tetrazzini sings to 250,000 people at Lotta's Fountain
1912 - Irving Fisher patents archiving system with index cards
1914 - German plane drops bombs on Dover England
1920 - Enrico Caruso gives his last public performance (NYC)
1922 - BBC sends 1st British radio play "Truth about Father Christmas"
1922 - London Coloseum opens
1924 - 1st radio transmission of NCRV in Netherlands
1924 - Albania becomes a republic (ex-premier Ahmed Zogoe's coup)
1924 - Richard Rodgers Theater (46th St Chanin's) opens at 226 W 46th NYC
1924 - School in Babb's Switch, Oklahoma catches fire, 36 die
1927 - Test Cricket debut of Walter Hammond, who scored 51 & took 5-36 v S Af
1928 - George Abbott Theater (Adelphi, 54 St) opens at 152 W 54th St NYC
1930 - Bandung, Java: ir Sukarno 4 years jail sentenced
1930 - F Garcia Lorca's "La Zapatera Prodigiosa" premieres in Madrid
1932 - Arturo Alessandri wins presidental election in Chile
1933 - Paris express train derails & kills 160, injures 300 (France)
1934 - Grimmett takes 9-180 for SA as Queensland make 430
1935 - Bradman scores 233 in 191 mins, SA v Queensland, 28 fours 1 six
1935 - National Council of Negro Women forms
1936 - 1st radioactive isotope medicine administered, Berkeley, Ca
1937 - Dutch government recognizes Italian king Emanuel III as emperor of Abyssinia
1939 - World War II: Pope Pius XII makes a Christmas Eve appeal for peace.
1941 - 1st ships of admiral Nagumo's Pearl Harbor fleet return to Japan
1942 - 1st powered flight of V-1 'buzz bomb', Peenemunde, Germany
1942 - Red army occupies German airports at Tasjinskaja & Morozowsk
32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt 1943 - FDR appoints Gen Eisenhower supreme commander of Allied forces
1943 - Terence Rattigan's "While the Sun Shines" premieres in London
1946 - 4th French republic established
1946 - US General MacNarney gives 800,000 "minor nazis" amnesty
1946 - France's Fourth Republic is founded.
1948 - 1st US house completely sun-heated is occupied (Dover, Mass)
1948 - Greek government disbands due to state of war, press censorship
1950 - Cleveland Browns win NFL championship, beat LA 30-28
1951 - 1st televised opera (Amahl & Night Visitor)
1951 - United Kingdom of Libya gains independence from Italy via UN
1953 - 2 fast express trains crash head-on killing 103 (Czechoslovakia)
1953 - KHOL (now KHGI) TV channel 13 in Kearney, NB (ABC) begins broadcasting
1953 - KOA (now KCNC) TV channel 4 in Denver, CO (NBC) begins broadcasting
1953 - René Coty elected president of France
1953 - Wellington-Auckland (NZ) express train swept away in flood kills 166
1954 - Council for the Children Protection forms in Netherlands
1954 - Laos gains its independence
1956 - "I Love Lucy" Christmas show airs, never put in syndication
1956 - Ferdinand de Lesseps statue blown up in Port Said Egypt
1960 - Dutch bishops question papacy values
1961 - Houston Oilers beat San Diego Chargers 10-3 in AFL championship game
1962 - USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
1963 - Greek & Turks riot in Cyprus
1964 - Shooting begins on "The Cage" the pilot for Star Trek
1966 - "Joyful Noise" closes at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC after 12 perfs
1966 - Luna 13 lands on Moon
1966 - USAF C144 military charter crashes near Binh Thai Vietnam kills 129
1967 - China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC
1967 - Pirate Radio Pegasus starts broadcasting off New Zealand
1968 - Apollo 8 astronauts read passages from Book of Genesis
1968 - WATU (now WAGT) TV channel 26 in Augusta, GA (CBS) begins broadcasting
1970 - 9 Jews are convicted in Leningrad of hijacking a plane
1970 - Walt Disney's "Aristocats" is released
1971 - Peruvian Airlines Electra crashes at headwaters of Amazon, killing all except Juliane Margaret Koepcke found 10 days later
1973 - Ferryboat capsized off coast of Equador, drowning 200
1973 - District of Columbia Home Rule Act is passed, allowing residents of Washington, D.C. to elect their own local government.
1974 - Cardinals' Lou Brock is named Sportsman of the Year
1979 - 1st Ariane rocket launched
1980 - Americans remembered Iran hostages by shining lights for 417 seconds
1981 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 203

3 - Galba, Roman Emperor (d. 69)
1167 - John "without a land", King of England (1199-1216)
1389 - John VI, Duke of Brittany (d. 1442)
1475 - Thomas Murner, German writer (d.c. 1537)
1491 - Ignatius of Loyola, Spanish founder of the Jesuit order (d. 1556)
1508 - Pietro Carnesecchi, Italian humanist (d. 1567)
1564 - Abraham C Bloemaert, painter/cartoonist/engraver
1588 - Constance of Austria, queen of Poland (d. 1631)
1609 - Philip Warwick, English writer and politician (d. 1683)
1635 - Mariana of Austria, second wife of king Philip IV of Spain (d. 1696)
1653 - Georg Motz, composer
1679 - Domenico Natale Sarro, composer
1689 - French van Mieris "the Young", Dutch painter/historian
1698 - William Warburton, English Bishop of Gloucester (d. 1779)
1714 - Rainieri De Calzabigi, Italian's literary (1st European Lottery)
1716 - Patrice F earl De Neney, South Netherlands chairman of Secret Council
1719 - Johann Christoph Altnikol, composer
1724 - Johann Conrad Ammann, Swiss physician and naturalist (d. 1811)
1726 - Johann Ernst Hartmann, composer
1745 - Benjamin Rush, Byberry Pa, physician/general/signer (Decl of Indep)
1754 - George Crabbe, Aldeburgh England, poet (Everlasting Mercy)
1761 - Selam III, poet/composer/sultan of Turkey (1789-1808)
1761 - Jean-Louis Pons, French astronomer (d. 1831)
1773 - Joseph Wolfl, composer
1784 - Grand Duchess Elena Pavlovna of Russia (d. 1803)
1791 - A Eugene Scribe, French dramatist (Bertrand et Raton)
1798 - Adam B Mickiewicz, Poland, national poet (Pan Tadeusz)
1809 - Christopher "Kit" Carson, KY, Union brig-general/indian fighter/frontiersman (d. 1868)
1810 - Wilhelm Marstrand, Danish painter (d. 1873)
1812 - Henry Russell, composer
1812 - Karl Eduard Zachariae, German jurist (d. 1894)
1813 - Henry Wellington Greatorex, composer
1818 - James Prescott Joule, physicist (discovered conservation of energy)
1822 - Charles Hermite, French mathematician (E is Transcendent)
Poet/Critic Matthew ArnoldPoet/Critic Matthew Arnold (1822) 1822 - Matthew Arnold, Laleham, Middlesex, poet/critic (Dover Beach), (d. 1888)
1824 - Peter Cornelius, composer
1826 - Ignacy Krzyzanowski, composer
1829 - Benjamin Ipavec, composer
1829 - Jose Rogel, composer
1837 - Sissi, Emperor of Austria
1843 - Lydia Koidula, Estonian poet (d. 1886)
1859 - Roman Statkowski, composer
1867 - Manuel de Oliveira Lima, Brazilian historian/diplomat
1867 - Kantaro Suzuki, 42nd Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1948)
1868 - Emanuel Lasker, Germany, world chess champion (1894-21)
1869 - Henriette GA Roland Holst-van der Schalk, Dutch poet (Women in Forest)
1870 - Rosario Scalero, composer
1871 - Henri Stroethoff, Dutch actor (A Chique Little Boy)
1879 - Stanislav Pylypovych Lyudkevych, composer
1879 - Émile Nelligan, Quebec poet (d. 1941)
1880 - Johnny Gruelle, Arcola Illinois, American cartoonist, children's book writer and creator of Raggedy Ann (d. 1939)
1881 - Bronislaw Zygmunt Szulc, composer
1881 - Charles Wakefield Cadman, composer
1881 - Juan Ramon Jiménez, Spain, poet (Distant Gardens, Nobel 1956)
1885 - Arthur Dolphin, cricketer (Yorkshire & England keeper, later Test ump)
1886 - Michael Curtiz, Hungarian-born director (d. 1962)
1887 - Louis Jouvet, Crozon France, actor (Volpone, Topaze, La Marseillaise)
1889 - Vladimir Sokoloff, Moscow Russia, actor (Road to Morocco)
1893 - Carl Brisson, Copenhagen Denmark, actor (Murder at the Vanities)
1893 - Ruth Chatterton, US actress (Madame X, Sarah & Son)
1894 - Georges Guynemer, French WW I pilot
1895 - E. Roland Harriman, American financier (d. 1978)
1898 - Héctor Scarone, Uruguayan footballer (d. 1967)
1898 - Baby Dodds, American jazz drummer (d. 1959)
1900 - Joey Smallwood, Canadian politician, Premier of Newfoundland (d. 1991)
1904 - Daniel K Womack, singer/guitarist
1904 - Herbert D Riley, US vice-admiral (WW II, Guadalcanal, Okinawa)
1904 - Joseph Moses Juran, American industrial engineer and philanthropist.
1905 - Anna "Ans" van Dike ("the Young"), Jewish nazi collaborator
1905 - Howard Hughes, reclusive billionaire (Hughes Aircraft)/inventor
1906 - John Walker, museum director
1906 - Franz Waxman, German film composer (d. 1967)
1907 - I[sidore] F[einstein] Stone, US journalist (IF Stone's Weekly)
1909 - Adam Popovich, composer
1909 - Adam Rapacki, Polish minister of Foreign Affairs (1956-68)
1910 - Betty Ann Davies, London England, actress (Tough Guy)
1910 - Fritz [Reuter] Leiber Jr, US, sci-fi author (Bazaar of the Bizarre)
1910 - Mitchell Ayres, Milwaukee Wisc, orchestra leader (Hollywood Palace)
1910 - Max Miedinger, typeface designer, famous for creating Helvetica in 1957. (d. 1980)
1911 - Eric Briault, educationalist
1911 - Malcolm MacEwen, writer
1913 - Karl Michael Komma, composer
1914 - Dorothy Hyson, actress (Ghoul, Spare a Copper, Sing as We Go)
1914 - Guus Verstraete Sr, [August de Graef], Dutch actor/dir (Black Magic)
1917 - Kim Jong-suk, Wife of Kim Il-sung, mother of Kim Jung-Il, "The Heroine of the Anti-Japanese Revolution" (d. 1949)
1920 - Dave Bartholomew, La, jazz artist/songwriter (Blueberry Hill)
1920 - Evgeniya Rudneva, Russian World War II heroine (d. 1944)
1921 - Bill Dudley, NFL halfback (Pittsburgh, Detroit, Washington)
1921 - Gerard Thomas Victory, composer
1922 - Ava Gardner, Smithfield North Carolina, American actress (On the Beach, Night of the Iguana)
1923 - Wilton S Mkwayi, South African ANC leader
1923 - George Patton IV, American general (d. 2004)
1923 - Michael DiBiase, American wrestler (d. 1969)
1924 - Roy Miller, cricketer (WI all-rounder in one Test 1953, 23 & 0-28)
1924 - Willem Drees, economist/Dutch politician (DS'70)
1924 - [Irving] Lee Dorsey, New Orleans, vocalist (Working in the Coal Mines)
1924 - Lee Dorsey, American singer (d. 1986)
1924 - Grigory Kriss, Russian Olympic champion fencer
1925 - Mohd. Rafi, Indian actor and playback singer (d. 1980)
1925 - Yafa Yarkoni, Israel, singer (Road to Jerusalem, Don't Say Goodbye, Say I will see You) (d.2012)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 8 of 8

1914 - Agatha Miller (later best selling detective author) marries aviator Archibald Christie
Archaeologist Louis LeakeyArchaeologist Louis Leakey (1936) 1936 - Archaeologist Louis Leakey (33) weds anthropologist Mary Nicol (23)
1943 - Actor and comedian Carl Reiner (21) weds singer Estelle Lebost (29)
1945 - Actress Mary Astor (39) weds Thomas Gordon Wheelock
1949 - Linguist Noam Chomsky (21) weds Carol Doris Schatz (19)
1971 - Professional boxer George Foreman (22) weds Adrienne Calhoun
1981 - Guardian Angels Curtis Sliwa & Lisa Evers marry
1983 - Actor Johnny Depp (20) weds Lori Anne Allison

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 115

427 - Archbishop Sisinnius I of Constantinople
1069 - Godfried II, with the Beard, duke of Neder-Lutherans, dies
1257 - John I, Count of Hainaut (b. 1218)
1380 - John von Neumarkt, German bishop/Chancellor Karel IV, dies
1453 - John Dunstable, English composer, dies
1524 - Vasco da Gama, Portuguese explorer/viceroy of Cochin, dies at about 55
1541 - Andreas R Bodenstein von Carlstadt, radical Lutheran, dies at about 61
1548 - Maximilian of Egmond, Dutch count/stadholder of Frisia, dies
1660 - Mary, 1st British Princess Royal and the Princess of Orange (b. 1631)
1707 - Noel Coypel, French painter, dies at 78
1813 - Empress Go-Sakuramachi of Japan (b. 1740)
1823 - Philipp Christoph Kayser, composer, dies at 68
1862 - Joseph Funk, composer, dies at 84
1863 - W M Thackeray, writer, dies at 52
1865 - Sir Charles Lock Eastlake, British painter and writer (b. 1793)
1868 - Adolphe d'Archiac, French paleontologist and geologist (b. 1802)
1869 - Edwin M[cMasters] Stanton, US Secretary of War (1861-65), dies at 55
1872 - William John Macquorn Rankine, British physician and engenier (b. 1820)
1873 - Johns Hopkins, Baltimore philanthropist and businessman (b. 1795)
1885 - Louis-Prosper Gachard, Belgian historian, dies at 85
1889 - Jan Jakob Lodewijk ten Kate, Dutch poet and clergyman (b. 1819)
1898 - Eugeniusz Pankiewicz, composer, dies at 41
1898 - Sharbel Makhluf, Lebanese monk canonized in 1977 by Pope Paul VI (b. 1828)
1904 - Juliaan Dillens, Flemish sculptor, dies at 55
1907 - Isidor Feinstein "Izzy" Stone, journalist (IF Stone's Weekly), dies
1908 - Francois-Auguste Gevaert, Belgian musicologist/composer, dies at 80
1909 - Nicolaas G Pierson, director Suriname/Dutch Bank, dies at 80
1914 - John Muir, British naturalist (b. 1838)
1930 - Eduard David, German minister (constitution of Weimar), dies at 67
1930 - Oskar Nedbal, composer, dies at 56
1932 - Eyvind Alnaes, composer, dies at 60
1935 - Alban Maria Johannes Berg, composer, dies at 50
1938 - Bruno Taut, German architect (b. 1880)
1941 - Siegfried Alkan, German composer (b. 1858)
1942 - Friedrich Klose, composer, dies at 80
1942 - Jean LXF Darlan, French admiral, murdered by gaullists
1942 - K Balmont, writer, dies at 75
1944 - Joseph Gustav Mraczek, composer, dies at 66
1945 - Francisco Pujol, composer, dies at 67
1952 - Henry A "Hans" Kramers, Dutch theoretical physicist, dies at 58
1955 - Nana Bryant, actress (Mrs Nestor-Our Miss Brooks), dies at 67
1957 - Norma Talmadge, US actress (Within the Law, Sign on Bay), dies at 60
1961 - Guy de Lioncourt, composer, dies at 76
1965 - William M. Branham, Christian minister (b. 1906)
1966 - Gaspar Cassado Moreu, composer, dies at 69
1971 - Maria Koepcke, ornithologist (b. 1924)
1972 - Charles Atlas, bodybuilder, dies at 79
1972 - Ernst Kreuder, writer, dies at 69
1973 - Gerard Kuiper, Dutch/US astronomer after whom the Kuiper belt is named, dies at 68
1974 - Tilly Losch, actress (Duel in the Sun, Good Earth), dies at 70
1975 - Bernard Herrmann, American composer, dies of heart attack at 64
1976 - Victor Stanitsin, actor (War & Peace, Jubilee), dies at 79
1976 - Duarte Nuno, Duke of Braganza, heir to the throne of Portugal (b. 1907)
1977 - Samael Aun Weor, Colombian writer (b. 1917)
1979 - Dirk Uipko Stikker, Dutch CEO (Heineken)/sect-gen NATO, dies at 82
1979 - Rudi [Rudolf] Dutschke, German student leader, dies at 39
1980 - Alec Lafayette Chew Wilder, composer, dies at 73
Navy Commander Karl DönitzNavy Commander Karl Dönitz (1980) 1980 - Karl Dönitz, German naval admiral, and last leader of Nazi Germany (b. 1891)
1980 - Siggie Nordstrom, model, actress, entertainer, socialite and lead singer of The Nordstrom Sisters (b. 1893)
1982 - Louis Aragon, French writer (b. 1897)
1984 - Ian Hendry, actor (Assassin, Get Carter, Repulsion), dies at 53
1984 - Peter Lawford, actor (Thin Man), dies of cardiac arrest at 61
1986 - Gardner Fox, American author (Zatanna), dies at 75
1987 - John M "Joop" de Uyl, Dutch social-dem premier (1973-77), dies at 68
1987 - Joop den Uyl, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (b. 1919)
1987 - M. G. Ramachandran, Chief Minister of the Tamil Nadu (b. 1917)
1990 - Thorbjørn Egner, Norwegian author (b. 1922)
1991 - Walter Hudson, 1,025 lb man, dies at 46
1992 - Abdulkadir Widjojoatmodjo, Java diplomat, dies
1992 - Pierre Culliford [Peyo], Belgian cartoonist, dies of heart attack at 64
1993 - Alexander Mackendrick, British/US director (Lady Killers), dies at 81
1993 - Norman Vincent Peale, rev (Power of Positive Thinking), dies at 95
1993 - Yen Chia-kan, PM/Pres of Taiwan (1963-72, 75-78), dies
1994 - Jimmy Buddy Lee Land Ace, singer, dies at 57
1994 - John Eastburn Boswell, medievalist, dies at 47
1994 - John James Osborne, playwright, dies at 65
1994 - John Keith Wright, English Asst Sect of State (1971-84), dies at 66
1994 - John Osborne, English playwright (Entertainer, Luther), dies at 65
1994 - Julie Haydon, [Donella Donaldson], US actress (Scoundrel), dies at 84
1994 - Louise H "Lous" Hensen, actress (Uncle Wanja, Charlotte), dies at 74
1994 - Nathan I. Daniel, inventor (Guitars), dies at 82
1994 - Rossano Brazzi, It resistance fight/actor (Final Justice), dies at 78
1995 - Geoffrey Pinnington, journalist, dies at 76
1995 - Harry McLevy, trade unionist, dies at 59
1996 - Edward Leadbitter, politician, dies at 77
1996 - Nguyen Huu Tho, Pres of Vietnam (1980-81), dies
1996 - Peter Dormer, arts writer, dies at 47
1997 - Alan Fluck, musical educationalist, dies at 69
1997 - Anthea Joseph, music producer, dies at 57
1997 - James Komack, producer (Courtship of Eddie's Father), dies at 67
Actor & Writer Toshiro MifuneActor & Writer Toshiro Mifune (1997) 1997 - Toshiro Mifune, Japanese actor (Shogun), dies at 77
1997 - Pierre Péladeau, Quebec businessman, founder of Quebecor (b. 1925)
1999 - João Baptista de Oliveira Figueiredo, President of Brazil (b. 1918)
1999 - Bill Bowerman, American track and field coach
1999 - Maurice Couve de Murville, French politician, Prime minister of France (b. 1907)
2000 - John Cooper, English race car designer (b. 1923)
2000 - Nick Massi, American singer (The Four Seasons) (b. 1935)
2002 - Kjell Aukrust, Norwegian author (b. 1920)
2002 - Laci Peterson, American murder victim (b. 1975)
2004 - Johnny Oates, baseball player and manager (b. 1946)

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