This Day in History for 24th December

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 115

563 - The Byzantine church Hagia Sophia in Constantinople is dedicated for the second time after being destroyed by earthquakes.
640 - John IV begins his reign as Catholic Pope
1046 - Pope Clement II, [Suitger] elected
1294 - Cardinal Benedetto Gaetani chosen as Pope Boniface VIII
1476 - 400 Burgundian soldiers freeze to death during siege of Nancy
1515 - Thomas Wolsey appointed English Lord Chancellor
1565 - Compromise of the Nobles closes against inquisition
1568 - Uprising of Moriscos in Granada
1593 - Storm hits Texel: 40 ships hit, 500 killed
1651 - John van Riebeeck departs to Cape of Good Hope
1715 - Swedish troops occupy Norway
1777 - Kiritimati, also called Christmas Island, is discovered by James Cook
1798 - Russia & Britain sign Second anti-French Coalition
1799 - Jacobin plot against Napoleon uncovered
1814 - Treaty of Ghent (end of US-Britain War of 1812) signed
1818 - "Silent Night" composed by Franz Joseph Gruber; 1st sung next day
1832 - 1st US Negro hospital founded by whites chartered, Savannah, Georgia
1832 - HMS Beagle anchors in Wigwam Bay at Cape Receiver
1851 - Fire devastates US Library of Congress in Washington, destroys 35,000 volumes
Captain/Explorer James CookCaptain/Explorer James Cook 1860 - Joseph Jefferson's "Rip Van Winkle" premieres in NYC
1864 - Battle of Gordonsville, VA
1865 - Several Confederate veterans form Ku Klux Klan in Pulaski, Tn
1871 - Giusseppi Verdi's "Aida" premieres in Cairo, at the opening of the Suez canal
1874 - Pope Pius IX proclaims a jubilee for 1875
1884 - Austria-Hungary admits King Leopold II's Congo Free State
1889 - Daniel Stover & William Hance patent bicycle with back pedal brake
1893 - Henry Ford completes his 1st useful gas motor
1894 - Scheveningse fishing boats destroyed by storm
1894 - Soccer team Achilles '94 forms in Axes
1898 - Herman Heijermans' "Ghetto" premieres in Amsterdam
1900 - Herman Heijermans' "Hope of Blessing" premieres in Amsterdam
1904 - German SW Africa abolishes slavery of young children
1906 - Reginald A Fessenden became 1st to broadcast music over radio (Mass)
1910 - Luisa Tetrazzini sings to 250,000 people at Lotta's Fountain
Ford Motor Company Founder Henry FordFord Motor Company Founder Henry Ford 1912 - Irving Fisher patents archiving system with index cards
1914 - German plane drops bombs on Dover England
1920 - Enrico Caruso gives his last public performance (NYC)
1922 - BBC sends 1st British radio play "Truth about Father Christmas"
1922 - London Coloseum opens
1924 - 1st radio transmission of NCRV in Netherlands
1924 - Albania becomes a republic (ex-premier Ahmed Zogoe's coup)
1924 - Richard Rodgers Theater (46th St Chanin's) opens at 226 W 46th NYC
1924 - School in Babb's Switch, Oklahoma catches fire, 36 die
1927 - Test Cricket debut of Walter Hammond, who scored 51 & took 5-36 v S Af
1928 - George Abbott Theater (Adelphi, 54 St) opens at 152 W 54th St NYC
1930 - Bandung, Java: ir Sukarno 4 years jail sentenced
1930 - F Garcia Lorca's "La Zapatera Prodigiosa" premieres in Madrid
1932 - Arturo Alessandri wins presidental election in Chile
1933 - Paris express train derails & kills 160, injures 300 (France)
1934 - Grimmett takes 9-180 for SA as Queensland make 430
1935 - Bradman scores 233 in 191 mins, SA v Queensland, 28 fours 1 six
1935 - National Council of Negro Women forms
1936 - 1st radioactive isotope medicine administered, Berkeley, Ca
1937 - Dutch government recognizes Italian king Emanuel III as emperor of Abyssinia
1939 - World War II: Pope Pius XII makes a Christmas Eve appeal for peace.
1941 - 1st ships of admiral Nagumo's Pearl Harbor fleet return to Japan
1942 - 1st powered flight of V-1 'buzz bomb', Peenemunde, Germany
1942 - Red army occupies German airports at Tasjinskaja & Morozowsk
32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt 1943 - FDR appoints Gen Eisenhower supreme commander of Allied forces
1943 - Terence Rattigan's "While the Sun Shines" premieres in London
1946 - 4th French republic established
1946 - US General MacNarney gives 800,000 "minor nazis" amnesty
1946 - France's Fourth Republic is founded.
1948 - 1st US house completely sun-heated is occupied (Dover, Mass)
1948 - Greek government disbands due to state of war, press censorship
1950 - Cleveland Browns win NFL championship, beat LA 30-28
1951 - 1st televised opera (Amahl & Night Visitor)
1951 - United Kingdom of Libya gains independence from Italy via UN
1953 - 2 fast express trains crash head-on killing 103 (Czechoslovakia)
1953 - KHOL (now KHGI) TV channel 13 in Kearney, NB (ABC) begins broadcasting
1953 - KOA (now KCNC) TV channel 4 in Denver, CO (NBC) begins broadcasting
1953 - René Coty elected president of France
1953 - Wellington-Auckland (NZ) express train swept away in flood kills 166
1954 - Council for the Children Protection forms in Netherlands
1954 - Laos gains its independence
1956 - "I Love Lucy" Christmas show airs, never put in syndication
1956 - Ferdinand de Lesseps statue blown up in Port Said Egypt
1960 - Dutch bishops question papacy values
1961 - Houston Oilers beat San Diego Chargers 10-3 in AFL championship game
1962 - USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
1963 - Greek & Turks riot in Cyprus
1964 - Shooting begins on "The Cage" the pilot for Star Trek
1966 - "Joyful Noise" closes at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC after 12 perfs
1966 - Luna 13 lands on Moon
1966 - USAF C144 military charter crashes near Binh Thai Vietnam kills 129
1967 - China PR performs nuclear test at Lop Nor PRC
1967 - Pirate Radio Pegasus starts broadcasting off New Zealand
1968 - Apollo 8 astronauts read passages from Book of Genesis
1968 - WATU (now WAGT) TV channel 26 in Augusta, GA (CBS) begins broadcasting
1970 - 9 Jews are convicted in Leningrad of hijacking a plane
1970 - Walt Disney's "Aristocats" is released
1971 - Peruvian Airlines Electra crashes at headwaters of Amazon, killing all except Juliane Margaret Koepcke found 10 days later
1973 - Ferryboat capsized off coast of Equador, drowning 200
1973 - District of Columbia Home Rule Act is passed, allowing residents of Washington, D.C. to elect their own local government.
1974 - Cardinals' Lou Brock is named Sportsman of the Year
1979 - 1st Ariane rocket launched
1980 - Americans remembered Iran hostages by shining lights for 417 seconds
1981 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1982 - Chaminade, with a student body of only 850 students, beats #1 ranked Virginia 77-72 in a Honolulu holiday basketball classic
1984 - Palace coup in Mauritania

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 203

3 - Galba, Roman Emperor (d. 69)
1167 - John "without a land", King of England (1199-1216)
1389 - John VI, Duke of Brittany (d. 1442)
1475 - Thomas Murner, German writer (d.c. 1537)
1491 - Ignatius of Loyola, Spanish founder of the Jesuit order (d. 1556)
1508 - Pietro Carnesecchi, Italian humanist (d. 1567)
1564 - Abraham C Bloemaert, painter/cartoonist/engraver
1588 - Constance of Austria, queen of Poland (d. 1631)
1609 - Philip Warwick, English writer and politician (d. 1683)
1635 - Mariana of Austria, second wife of king Philip IV of Spain (d. 1696)
1653 - Georg Motz, composer
1679 - Domenico Natale Sarro, composer
1689 - French van Mieris "the Young", Dutch painter/historian
1698 - William Warburton, English Bishop of Gloucester (d. 1779)
1714 - Rainieri De Calzabigi, Italian's literary (1st European Lottery)
1716 - Patrice F earl De Neney, South Netherlands chairman of Secret Council
1719 - Johann Christoph Altnikol, composer
1724 - Johann Conrad Ammann, Swiss physician and naturalist (d. 1811)
1726 - Johann Ernst Hartmann, composer
1745 - Benjamin Rush, Byberry Pa, physician/general/signer (Decl of Indep)
1754 - George Crabbe, Aldeburgh England, poet (Everlasting Mercy)
1761 - Selam III, poet/composer/sultan of Turkey (1789-1808)
1761 - Jean-Louis Pons, French astronomer (d. 1831)
1773 - Joseph Wolfl, composer
1784 - Grand Duchess Elena Pavlovna of Russia (d. 1803)
1791 - A Eugene Scribe, French dramatist (Bertrand et Raton)
1798 - Adam B Mickiewicz, Poland, national poet (Pan Tadeusz)
1809 - Christopher "Kit" Carson, KY, Union brig-general/indian fighter/frontiersman (d. 1868)
1810 - Wilhelm Marstrand, Danish painter (d. 1873)
1812 - Henry Russell, composer
1812 - Karl Eduard Zachariae, German jurist (d. 1894)
1813 - Henry Wellington Greatorex, composer
1818 - James Prescott Joule, physicist (discovered conservation of energy)
1822 - Charles Hermite, French mathematician (E is Transcendent)
Poet/Critic Matthew ArnoldPoet/Critic Matthew Arnold (1822) 1822 - Matthew Arnold, Laleham, Middlesex,, poet/critic (Dover Beach), (d. 1888)
1824 - Peter Cornelius, composer
1826 - Ignacy Krzyzanowski, composer
1829 - Benjamin Ipavec, composer
1829 - Jose Rogel, composer
1837 - Sissi, Emperor of Austria
1843 - Lydia Koidula, Estonian poet (d. 1886)
1859 - Roman Statkowski, composer
1867 - Manuel de Oliveira Lima, Brazilian historian/diplomat
1867 - Kantaro Suzuki, 42nd Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1948)
1868 - Emanuel Lasker, Germany, world chess champion (1894-21)
1869 - Henriette GA Roland Holst-van der Schalk, Dutch poet (Women in Forest)
1870 - Rosario Scalero, composer
1871 - Henri Stroethoff, Dutch actor (A Chique Little Boy)
1879 - Stanislav Pylypovych Lyudkevych, composer
1879 - Émile Nelligan, Quebec poet (d. 1941)
1880 - Johnny Gruelle, American cartoonist, children's book writer and creator of Raggedy Ann (d. 1939)
1881 - Bronislaw Zygmunt Szulc, composer
1881 - Charles Wakefield Cadman, composer
1881 - Juan Ramon Jiménez, Spain, poet (Distant Gardens, Nobel 1956)
1885 - Arthur Dolphin, cricketer (Yorkshire & England keeper, later Test ump)
1886 - Michael Curtiz, Hungarian-born director (d. 1962)
1887 - Louis Jouvet, Crozon France, actor (Volpone, Topaze, La Marseillaise)
1889 - Vladimir Sokoloff, Moscow Russia, actor (Road to Morocco)
1893 - Carl Brisson, Copenhagen Denmark, actor (Murder at the Vanities)
1893 - Ruth Chatterton, US actress (Madame X, Sarah & Son)
1894 - Georges Guynemer, French WW I pilot
1895 - E. Roland Harriman, American financier (d. 1978)
1898 - Héctor Scarone, Uruguayan footballer (d. 1967)
1898 - Baby Dodds, American jazz drummer (d. 1959)
1900 - Joey Smallwood, Canadian politician, Premier of Newfoundland (d. 1991)
1904 - Daniel K Womack, singer/guitarist
1904 - Herbert D Riley, US vice-admiral (WW II, Guadalcanal, Okinawa)
1904 - Joseph Moses Juran, American industrial engineer and philanthropist.
1905 - Anna "Ans" van Dike ("the Young"), Jewish nazi collaborator
1905 - Howard Hughes, reclusive billionaire (Hughes Aircraft)/inventor
1906 - John Walker, museum director
1906 - Franz Waxman, German film composer (d. 1967)
1907 - I[sidore] F[einstein] Stone, US journalist (IF Stone's Weekly)
1909 - Adam Popovich, composer
1909 - Adam Rapacki, Polish minister of Foreign Affairs (1956-68)
1910 - Betty Ann Davies, London England, actress (Tough Guy)
1910 - Fritz [Reuter] Leiber Jr, US, sci-fi author (Bazaar of the Bizarre)
1910 - Mitchell Ayres, Milwaukee Wisc, orchestra leader (Hollywood Palace)
1910 - Max Miedinger, typeface designer, famous for creating Helvetica in 1957. (d. 1980)
1911 - Eric Briault, educationalist
1911 - Malcolm MacEwen, writer
1913 - Karl Michael Komma, composer
1914 - Dorothy Hyson, actress (Ghoul, Spare a Copper, Sing as We Go)
1914 - Guus Verstraete Sr, [August de Graef], Dutch actor/dir (Black Magic)
1917 - Kim Jong-suk, Wife of Kim Il-sung, mother of Kim Jung-Il, "The Heroine of the Anti-Japanese Revolution" (d. 1949)
1920 - Dave Bartholomew, La, jazz artist/songwriter (Blueberry Hill)
1920 - Evgeniya Rudneva, Russian World War II heroine (d. 1944)
1921 - Bill Dudley, NFL halfback (Pittsburgh, Detroit, Washington)
1921 - Gerard Thomas Victory, composer
1922 - Ava Gardner, Grabtown NC, actress (On the Beach, Night of the Iguana)
1923 - Wilton S Mkwayi, South African ANC leader
1923 - George Patton IV, American general (d. 2004)
1923 - Michael DiBiase, American wrestler (d. 1969)
1924 - Roy Miller, cricketer (WI all-rounder in one Test 1953, 23 & 0-28)
1924 - Willem Drees, economist/Dutch politician (DS'70)
1924 - [Irving] Lee Dorsey, New Orleans, vocalist (Working in the Coal Mines)
1924 - Lee Dorsey, American singer (d. 1986)
1924 - Grigory Kriss, Russian Olympic champion fencer
1925 - Mohd. Rafi, Indian actor and playback singer (d. 1980)
1925 - Yafa Yarkoni, Israel, singer (Road to Jerusalem, Don't Say Goodbye, Say I will see You) (d.2012)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 6 of 6

1914 - Agatha Miller (later best selling detective author) marries aviator Archibald Christie
1936 - Archaeologist Louis Leakey (33) weds anthropologist Mary Nicol (23)
1943 - Actor and comedian Carl Reiner (21) weds singer Estelle Lebost (29)
1971 - Professional boxer George Foreman (22) weds Adrienne Calhoun
1981 - Guardian Angels Curtis Sliwa & Lisa Evers marry
1983 - Actor Johnny Depp (20) weds Lori Anne Allison

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 115

427 - Archbishop Sisinnius I of Constantinople
1069 - Godfried II, with the Beard, duke of Neder-Lutherans, dies
1257 - John I, Count of Hainaut (b. 1218)
1380 - John von Neumarkt, German bishop/Chancellor Karel IV, dies
1453 - John Dunstable, English composer, dies
1524 - Vasco da Gama, Portuguese explorer/viceroy of Cochin, dies at about 55
1541 - Andreas R Bodenstein von Carlstadt, radical Lutheran, dies at about 61
1548 - Maximilian of Egmond, Dutch count/stadholder of Frisia, dies
1660 - Mary, 1st British Princess Royal and the Princess of Orange (b. 1631)
1707 - Noel Coypel, French painter, dies at 78
1813 - Empress Go-Sakuramachi of Japan (b. 1740)
1823 - Philipp Christoph Kayser, composer, dies at 68
1862 - Joseph Funk, composer, dies at 84
1863 - W M Thackeray, writer, dies at 52
1865 - Sir Charles Lock Eastlake, British painter and writer (b. 1793)
1868 - Adolphe d'Archiac, French paleontologist and geologist (b. 1802)
1869 - Edwin M[cMasters] Stanton, US Secretary of War (1861-65), dies at 55
1872 - William John Macquorn Rankine, British physician and engenier (b. 1820)
1873 - Johns Hopkins, Baltimore philanthropist and businessman (b. 1795)
1885 - Louis-Prosper Gachard, Belgian historian, dies at 85
1889 - Jan Jakob Lodewijk ten Kate, Dutch poet and clergyman (b. 1819)
1898 - Eugeniusz Pankiewicz, composer, dies at 41
1898 - Sharbel Makhluf, Lebanese monk canonized in 1977 by Pope Paul VI (b. 1828)
1904 - Juliaan Dillens, Flemish sculptor, dies at 55
1907 - Isidor Feinstein "Izzy" Stone, journalist (IF Stone's Weekly), dies
1908 - Francois-Auguste Gevaert, Belgian musicologist/composer, dies at 80
1909 - Nicolaas G Pierson, director Suriname/Dutch Bank, dies at 80
1914 - John Muir, British naturalist (b. 1838)
1930 - Eduard David, German minister (constitution of Weimar), dies at 67
1930 - Oskar Nedbal, composer, dies at 56
1932 - Eyvind Alnaes, composer, dies at 60
1935 - Alban Maria Johannes Berg, composer, dies at 50
1938 - Bruno Taut, German architect (b. 1880)
1941 - Siegfried Alkan, German composer (b. 1858)
1942 - Friedrich Klose, composer, dies at 80
1942 - Jean LXF Darlan, French admiral, murdered by gaullists
1942 - K Balmont, writer, dies at 75
1944 - Joseph Gustav Mraczek, composer, dies at 66
1945 - Francisco Pujol, composer, dies at 67
1952 - Henry A "Hans" Kramers, Dutch theoretical physicist, dies at 58
1955 - Nana Bryant, actress (Mrs Nestor-Our Miss Brooks), dies at 67
1957 - Norma Talmadge, US actress (Within the Law, Sign on Bay), dies at 60
1961 - Guy de Lioncourt, composer, dies at 76
1965 - William M. Branham, Christian minister (b. 1906)
1966 - Gaspar Cassado Moreu, composer, dies at 69
1971 - Maria Koepcke, ornithologist (b. 1924)
1972 - Charles Atlas, bodybuilder, dies at 79
1972 - Ernst Kreuder, writer, dies at 69
1973 - Gerard Kuiper, Dutch/US astronomer after whom the Kuiper belt is named, dies at 68
1974 - Tilly Losch, actress (Duel in the Sun, Good Earth), dies at 70
1975 - Bernard Herrmann, American composer, dies of heart attack at 64
1976 - Victor Stanitsin, actor (War & Peace, Jubilee), dies at 79
1976 - Duarte Nuno, Duke of Braganza, heir to the throne of Portugal (b. 1907)
1977 - Samael Aun Weor, Columbian writer (b. 1917)
1979 - Dirk Uipko Stikker, Dutch CEO (Heineken)/sect-gen NATO, dies at 82
1979 - Rudi [Rudolf] Dutschke, German student leader, dies at 39
1980 - Alec Lafayette Chew Wilder, composer, dies at 73
Navy Commander Karl DonitzNavy Commander Karl Donitz (1980) 1980 - Karl Dönitz, German naval admiral, and last leader of Nazi Germany (b. 1891)
1980 - Siggie Nordstrom, model, actress, entertainer, socialite and lead singer of The Nordstrom Sisters (b. 1893)
1982 - Louis Aragon, French writer (b. 1897)
1984 - Ian Hendry, actor (Assassin, Get Carter, Repulsion), dies at 53
1984 - Peter Lawford, actor (Thin Man), dies of cardiac arrest at 61
1986 - Gardner Fox, American author (Zatanna), dies at 75
1987 - John M "Joop" de Uyl, Dutch social-dem premier (1973-77), dies at 68
1987 - Joop den Uyl, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (b. 1919)
1987 - M. G. Ramachandran, Chief Minister of the Tamil Nadu (b. 1917)
1990 - Thorbjørn Egner, Norwegian author (b. 1922)
1991 - Walter Hudson, 1,025 lb man, dies at 46
1992 - Abdulkadir Widjojoatmodjo, Java diplomat, dies
1992 - Pierre Culliford [Peyo], Belgian cartoonist, dies of heart attack at 64
1993 - Alexander Mackendrick, British/US director (Lady Killers), dies at 81
1993 - Norman Vincent Peale, rev (Power of Positive Thinking), dies at 95
1993 - Yen Chia-kan, PM/Pres of Taiwan (1963-72, 75-78), dies
1994 - Jimmy Buddy Lee Land Ace, singer, dies at 57
1994 - John Eastburn Boswell, medievalist, dies at 47
1994 - John James Osborne, playwright, dies at 65
1994 - John Keith Wright, English Asst Sect of State (1971-84), dies at 66
1994 - John Osborne, English playwright (Entertainer, Luther), dies at 65
1994 - Julie Haydon, [Donella Donaldson], US actress (Scoundrel), dies at 84
1994 - Louise H "Lous" Hensen, actress (Uncle Wanja, Charlotte), dies at 74
1994 - Nathan I. Daniel, inventor (Guitars), dies at 82
1994 - Rossano Brazzi, It resistance fight/actor (Final Justice), dies at 78
1995 - Geoffrey Pinnington, journalist, dies at 76
1995 - Harry McLevy, trade unionist, dies at 59
1996 - Edward Leadbitter, politician, dies at 77
1996 - Nguyen Huu Tho, Pres of Vietnam (1980-81), dies
1996 - Peter Dormer, arts writer, dies at 47
1997 - Alan Fluck, musical educationalist, dies at 69
1997 - Anthea Joseph, music producer, dies at 57
1997 - James Komack, producer (Courtship of Eddie's Father), dies at 67
Actor & Writer Toshiro MifuneActor & Writer Toshiro Mifune (1997) 1997 - Toshiro Mifune, Japanese actor (Shogun), dies at 77
1997 - Pierre Péladeau, Quebec businessman, founder of Quebecor (b. 1925)
1999 - João Baptista de Oliveira Figueiredo, President of Brazil (b. 1918)
1999 - Bill Bowerman, American track and field coach
1999 - Maurice Couve de Murville, French politician, Prime minister of France (b. 1907)
2000 - John Cooper, English race car designer (b. 1923)
2000 - Nick Massi, American singer (The Four Seasons) (b. 1935)
2002 - Kjell Aukrust, Norwegian author (b. 1920)
2002 - Laci Peterson, American murder victim (b. 1975)
2004 - Johnny Oates, baseball player and manager (b. 1946)

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