This Day in History for 25th December

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 161

1 - 1st Christmas, according to calendar-maker Dionysus Exiguus
274 - Roman Emperor Aurelian dedicates a temple to Sol Invictus on the supposed day of the winter solstice and day of rebirth of the Sun.
337 - Earliest possible date that Christmas was celebrated on Dec 25th
352 - 1st definite date Christmas was celebrated on Dec 25th
390 - Roman emperor Theodosius admits debt on mass murder in Thessalonica
498 - French king Clovis baptises himself
597 - England adopts Julian calendar
604 - Battle at Etampes (Stampae): Burgundy beat Neustriers
800 - Pope Leo III crowns Charles the Great (Charlemagne), Roman emperor
875 - Charles, the Bare, crowned emperor of Rome
967 - John XIII crowned Otto II the Red German compassionate emperor
969 - Johannes I Tzimisces crowned emperor of Byzantium
979 - Rotardus appointed as bishop of the kingdom
999 - Heribertus becomes bishop of Cologne
1000 - Monarch Istvan crowned king of Hungary
1046 - Pope Clemens VI crowns Henry III as Holy Roman Emperor
1048 - Parliament of Worms: Emperor Henry III names his cousin count Bruno van Egisheim/Dagsburg as Pope Leo IX
1066 - Duke William of Normandy ('William the Conqueror) crowned king of England
1100 - Boudouin I of Boulogne crowned king of Jerusalem
Holy Roman Emperor CharlemagneHoly Roman Emperor Charlemagne 1101 - Henry I of Limburg becomes duke of Neth-Lutherans
1121 - Norbertus van Xanten finds order of the Norbertijnen
1130 - Anti-pope Anacletus II crowns Roger II the Norman king of Sicily
1223 - St Francis of Assisi assembles 1st Nativity scene (Greccio, Italy)
1261 - John IV Lascaris of the restored Eastern Roman Empire is deposed and blinded by orders of his co-ruler Michael VIII Palaeologus.
1492 - Columbus' ship Santa Maria runs aground and sinks on Hispaniola
1522 - Turkish troops occupy Rhodos
1553 - Battle of Tucapel: Mapuche rebels under Lautaro defeats the Spanish conquistadors and exetutes the governor of Chile Pedro de Valdivia.
1582 - Zealand/Brabant adopts Gregorian calendar, yesterday was Dec 14th
1599 - The city of Natal, Brazil, is founded.
1613 - Johan Sigismund of Brandenburg becomes protestant
1621 - Gov William Bradford of Plymouth Colony (now in Massachusetts) forbids game playing on Christmas
1640 - Pierre de Fermat writes to Marin Mersenne about Fermat's church thesis
1641 - Emperor Ferdinand III makes appointments with Sweden & France
1643 - Christmas Island founded and named by Captain William Mynors of the East India Ship Company vessel, the Royal Mary.
Explorer of the New World Christopher ColumbusExplorer of the New World Christopher Columbus 1651 - Massachusetts General Court ordered a five shilling fine for "observing any such day as Christmas"
1683 - English Whig leader Duke of Monmouth flees to Holland
1688 - British king James II lands in Ambleteuse, France
1688 - Lord Delamere sides with King James II
1717 - Floods ravage Dutch coast provinces, thousands killed
1741 - Astronomer Anders Celcius introduces Centigrade temperature scale
1745 - Prussia and Austria sign Treaty of Dresden giving much of Silesia to the Prussians
1758 - Return of Halley's comet 1st sighted by Johann Georg Palitzsch
1760 - Jupiter Hammon, NY slave, publishes poetry in "An Evening Throught"
1775 - Pope Pius VI encyclical on the problems of the pontificate
1776 - Washington crosses Delaware & surprises & defeats 1,400 Hessians
1818 - 1st known Christmas carol ("Silent Night, Holy Night") sung (Austria)
1818 - Handel's Messiah, premieres in the US in Boston
1830 - Hector Berlioz's "Symphony Fantastic" premieres
1831 - Louisiana & Arkansas are 1st states to observe Christmas as holiday
Naturalist Charles DarwinNaturalist Charles Darwin 1832 - Charles Darwin celebrates Christmas in St Martin at Cape Receiver
1833 - Charles Darwin celebrates Christmas in Port Desire, Patagonia
1834 - Charles Darwin celebrates Christmas on Beagle at Tres Montes, Chile
1835 - Charles Darwin celebrates Christmas in Pahia, New Zealand
1837 - Battle of Okeechobee-US forces defeat Seminole Indians
1843 - 1st theatre matinee (Olympic Theatre, NYC)
1848 - New Haven Railroad opens
1862 - 40,000 watch Union army men play baseball at Hilton Head, SC
1868 - Despite bitter opposition, President A Johnson grants unconditional pardon to all persons involved in Southern rebellion (Civil War)
1875 - Lambs Club in NY forms
1888 - 1st indoor baseball game played at fairgrounds in Philadelphia
1894 - 1st midwestern football team to play on west coast, U of Chicago defeats Stanford 24-4 at Palo Alto, CA in football
1896 - "Stars & Stripes Forever" written by John Philip Sousa
1899 - Farmers send/guide belegerd Ladysmith Kerstpudding/desire in grenade
1900 - Arthur Schnitzlers "Leutnant Gustl" forbidden in Germany
Composer John Philip SousaComposer John Philip Sousa 1901 - Battle at Tweefontein Orange-Free state: Boers surprise attack Brits
1902 - Clyde Fitch' "Girl with Green Eyes" premieres in NYC
1905 - V Herbert/H Blossoms musical "Mlle Modiste" premieres in NYC
1911 - Edward Knoblock's "Kismet" premieres in NYC
1914 - Legendary/unofficial "Christmas Truce" takes place (Brits & Germans)
1915 - Irving Berlin & Harry B Smith's musical premieres in NYC
1917 - "Why Marry" 1st drama to win Pulitzer Prize, premieres in NYC
1917 - Hirsch/Harbach's musical "Going Up" premieres in NYC
1922 - -Dec 26] Lenin dictates his "Political testament"
1923 - Imperial Theater opens at 249 W 45th St NYC
1926 - Hirohito becomes emperor of Japan (1926-1989)
1928 - Christmas Day attendance at cricket MCG (Vic v NSW) 14,887
1928 - NSW (v Vic) go from 8-74 to 9-113 to be 9-367 at stumps
1929 - Grimmett takes 6-146 for SA, Queensland all out 380 Crowd 5,390
1930 - 1st US bobsled run open to public (Lake Placid, NY)
Marxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader Vladimir LeninMarxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader Vladimir Lenin 1930 - Mt Van Hoevenberg bobsled run at Lake Placid, NY opens
1930 - Slinger Nitschke scores 142 SA v Qld at Adelaide before 5,422
1930 - Tasmania all out 280, WI 2-139 at Hobart Crowd 2,500
1931 - Albert Lonergan scores 137 SA v Qld at Adelaide before 5,697
1931 - Fleetwood-Smith takes 5-69 Victoria v Tas at Hobart
1931 - NY's Metropolitan Opera broadcasts an entire opera over radio
1932 - 7.6 magnitude earthquake ravages Qansu, China, kills 275
1932 - During King George V's Christmas dinner speech his chair collapes
1933 - Another Christmas Day five-wicket haul by Clarrie Grimmett
1933 - Belgian Working people's party accept Henry de Mans Plan of Labor
1933 - Stan Smith takes 8-33 for Victoria v Tasmania at Hobart
1934 - Four centuries for SA as they make 7-644 v Qld before 6,180
1934 - Samson Raphaelson's "Accent on Youth" premieres in NYC
1936 - Belgian bishops condemn fascism & communism
1936 - Ron Hamence scores 104 for SA v Queensland before 4,865
1937 - Arturo Toscanini conducts 1st Symphony of the Air over NBC Radio
1937 - Queensland all out for 93 v SA in front of 10,436
1938 - George Cukor announces Vivien Leigh will play Scarlett O'Hara
1939 - Grimmett & Ward rip through Qld except Bill Brown (156)
1939 - Montgomery Ward introduces Rudolph the 9th reindeer
1940 - Bradman out 1st ball for SA v Victoria before 6213

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 293

1250 - John IV Laskaris, Byzantine Emperor (d. circa 1305)
1461 - Christina of Saxony, queen of Denmark and Norway (d. 1521)
1583 - Orlando Gibbons, English composer (O Clap Your Hands), baptized
1587 - Margarita of Austria, queen of Philip III of Spain (d. 1611)
1601 - Jose Ximenez, composer
1624 - Angelus Silesius, [Johann Scheffler], German mystic (St Seelenlust)
1628 - Noel Coypel, French painter
1642 - Isaac Newton, Woolsthorpe-by-Colsterworth, England, physicist, mathematician; astronomer (Gravity, Laws of Motion), (d.1727)
1646 - Harald Vallerius, composer
1652 - Archibald Pitcairne, Scottish physician (d. 1713)
1665 - Lady Grizel Baillie, Scottish songwriter (d. 1746)
1667 - Ehrengard von der Schulenburg, English royal mistress (d. 1743)
1674 - Thomas Halyburton, Scottish theologian (d. 1712)
1686 - Giovanni Battista Somis, composer
1698 - Jacobus Houbraken, Dutch engraver/illustrator
1700 - Leopold II of Anhalt-Dessau, Prussian general (d. 1758)
1711 - Jean-Joseph Cassenea de Mondonville, composer
1716 - Johann Jakob Reiske, German scholar and physician (d. 1774)
1717 - Pius VI, [Giovanni A Braschi], Italy, Pope (1775-99)
Physicist & Mathematician Isaac NewtonPhysicist & Mathematician Isaac Newton (1642) 1721 - William Collins, Chichester England, (Mayor-Chichester)/poet
1728 - Johann Adam Hiller, composer
1730 - Philip Mazzei, Italian physician and friend of Thomas Jefferson (d. 1816)
1742 - Charlotte von Stein, German friend of Goethe (d. 1827)
1750 - John "Christmas" Beckwith, composer
1757 - Benjamin Pierce, U.S. politician (d 1839)
1763 - Claude Chappe, French engineer (optical telegraph)
1765 - Joseph Mazzinghi, composer
1771 - Dorothy Wordsworth
1775 - Antun Sorkocevic, composer
1808 - Stephen Cleeg Rowan, Commander (Union Navy), died in 1890
1810 - Alexandros Rhizos Rhankaves, Greek poet and statesman (d. 1892)
1811 - Wilhelm E Freiherr von Ketteler, German politician/bishop of Mainz
1813 - Milledge Luke Bonham, (Confederacy) died in 1890
1814 - Jan de Liefde II, Dutch vicar/founder (Coop of Welfare of the People)
1815 - Temistocle Solera, composer
Humanitarian Clara BartonHumanitarian Clara Barton (1821) 1821 - Clara Barton, Oxford Mass, nurse/founder (American Red Cross), (d. 1912)
1823 - Preston Smith, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1863
1825 - Esteban Salas y Castro, composer
1829 - Patrick S Gilmore, composer
1831 - Johann Herbeck, composer
1832 - Thomas Alfred Smyth, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1865
1837 - Cosima Liszt, wife of Austrian composer Richard Wagner
1855 - James Galvin, pitcher, shut-out every opposing team in 1884
1856 - Hans von Bartels, German painter (d. 1913)
1859 - Raoul Gunsbourg, composer
1860 - Manuel Dimech, Maltese philosopher and social reformer (d. 1921)
1861 - Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya, Indian founder of Banaras Hindu University (d. 1946)
1863 - Charles Pathé, French pioneer of film and record industries (d. 1957)
1864 - Thomas Cahill, American soccer coach (d. 1951)
1865 - Evangeline Cory Booth, Salvation Army general (1904-34)
1867 - Alfred Kerr, writer
1868 - Eugenie Besserer, Watertown NY, actress (Jazz Singer)
1870 - Helena Rubinstein, Polish-born American cosmetics industrialist (d. 1965)
1873 - Otto Frederick Hunziker, Swiss-born American dairy educator (d. 1959)
1874 - Lina Cavalieri, Italian soprano (d. 1944)
1875 - Theodor Innitzer, cardinal/archbishop Vienna
1875 - Walter Lees, cricketer (Surrey pace bowler toured for Eng 1905-06)
1876 - Mohammed Ali Jinnah, Karachi, founded Pakistan (1947)/gov (1947-58)
1876 - Adolf Otto Reinhold Windaus, Nobel laureate (d. 1959)
1878 - W Starling Burgess, yacht designer (America Cup's Enterprise)
1878 - Louis Chevrolet, Swiss-born race car driver (d. 1941)
1881 - Joseph V McCarthy, baseball manager (NY Yankees)
1883 - Fran Lhotka, composer
1883 - Maurice Utrillo, France, painter (Port St Martin, Montmartre)
1884 - Evelyn Nesbit, American actress (d. 1967)
1886 - Kid Ory, American musician (d. 1973)
1887 - Conrad Hilton, hotel mogul (Hilton Hotels)
1887 - Jacobus W G Balfoort, Dutch actor (Bulldog Drummond)
1887 - John Davidson, NYC, actor (Charlie Chan-Chinese Cat)
1890 - Robert Ripley, Santa Rosa, California, collector of odd facts ( Believe it or Not), (d. 1949)
1891 - Clarrie Grimmett, cricketer (in Dunedin Great Australian leg-spinner)
1891 - Earle Foxe, Oxford OH, actor (Dance Fools Dance)
1891 - Kenneth A N Anderson, British general (Dunkerk, North Africa)
1892 - Rebecca West, [Cicely Isabel Fairfield], English author
1893 - Bert Bertram, actor (How to Steal a Million)
1893 - Fred Hillebrand, Brooklyn New York, American actor (Martin Kane)
1898 - Theo Swagemakers, Dutch portrait painter
1899 - Frank Fergusson, actor (My Friend Flicka, Peyton Place)
1899 - Humphrey Bogart, NYC, actor, Here's looking at you, kid (Casablanca)
1899 - Raphael Soyer, artist (Depression Scenes in NYC)
1900 - Barton Maclane, Columbia SC, actor (Gen Peterson-I Dream of Jeannie)
1900 - Gladys Swarthout, Deepwater Missouri, mezzo-soprano (La Gioconda)
1900 - W L "Tich" Cornford, cricketer (Sussex keeper played for England 1930)
1901 - Alice C, English duchess of Gloucester/aunt of Elizabeth II
1902 - Barton MacLane, SC, actor (Geisha Boy, Peterson-I Dream of Jeannie)
1903 - Antiochos Evanghelatos, composer
1903 - Corry Lievens, [Isabella MJ Adriaens], Flemish actress (Blue Bird)
1903 - J Edward Bromberg, Hungary, actor (Mark of Zorro, Under 2 Flags)
1904 - Gerhard Herzberg, Can, physicist (molecular structure-Nobel 1971)
1906 - Clark M Clifford, US Secretary of Defense (1968-69)
1906 - Herman J Scheltema, [NEM Pareau], Dutch jurist/poet
1906 - Lew Grade, British TV mogul (ATV)/movie producer (Boys from Brazil)
1906 - William McChesney Martin, Chairman of Federal Reserve Bank (1951-70)
1906 - Ernst Ruska, Nobel laureate (d. 1988)
1907 - Cab[ell] Calloway, Rochester, bandleader (Minnie the Moocha, Jazzball)
1907 - Glenn McCarthy, American oil tycoon and businessman (d. 1988)
1907 - Mike Mazurki, Ukrainian-born actor (d. 1990)
1908 - Frank Ferguson, California, actor (Wagons West, Dynamite, My Gal Sal)
1908 - Helen Twelvetrees, actress (State's Attorney, Painted Desert)
1908 - Jan Seidel, composer

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 8 of 8

1871 - Inventor Thomas Edison (24) marries 1st wife Mary Stilwell (16)
1871 - Writer Ambrose Bierce (29) weds Mary Ellen Day
1949 - British born actor "Notorious" Cary Grant (45) weds actress Betsy Drake (26)
1950 - Dick Tracy marries Tess Truehart
1997 - Actress Rue McClanahan (64) weds actor-producer Morrow Wilson (58) at Manhattan's Waldorf-Astoria
1999 - Comedian Jerry Seinfeld (45) marries PR executive Jessica Sklar (28)
2012 - Marie Osmond's daughter Rachael Osmond (23) weds Gabriel Krueger (22) in Park City, Utah
2012 - "Arrow" actor Stephen Amell (31) weds America's Next Top Model Cassandra Jean (27) in the Caribbean

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 1 of 1

1945 - Actor John Wayne (38) divorces Josephine Saenz (37) after 12 years of marriage

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 124

795 - Adrian I, Italian Pope (772-95), dies aged 95
820 - Leo V, the Armenian, Byzantine gen/Emperor (813-20), murdered
1156 - Peter Venerabilis, Fr theologist/9th abbot of Cluny, dies at about 61
1249 - Peter Nolascus, Spanish monastery founder/St, dies
1513 - Johannes Amerbach, Swiss publisher/printer, dies at about 70
1635 - Samuel de Champlain, French explorer and founder of Quebec City (b. 1567)
1676 - Matthew Hale, Lord Chief Justice of England (b. 1609)
1676 - William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Newcastle, English soldier (b. 1592)
1683 - Kara Mustafa Pasha Turkish grand-vizier (1676-83) and Ottoman general, executed. (b. 1634)
1758 - James Hervey, English clergyman (b. 1714)
1765 - Antonio Tonelli, composer, dies at 79
1765 - Václav Prokop Diviš, Czech theologian and natural scientist (b. 1698)
1784 - Yosa Buson, Japanese painter (b. 1716)
1788 - John Logan, Scottish conductor (Ode to the Cuckoo), dies at about 40
1824 - Barbara Krudener, mystic visionary who renounced nobility, dies at 60
1842 - Bedrich Divis Weber, composer, dies at 76
1848 - Johann Erik Nordblom, composer, dies at 60
1868 - Linus Yale, developer of cylinder lock, dies
1875 - Young Tom Morris, Scottish golfer (b. 1851)
1878 - Anna Claypoole Peale, US painter of miniatures, dies
1880 - Fridolin Anderwert, Swiss Federal Councillor (b. 1828)
1883 - Marek Konrad Sokolowski, composer, dies at 65
1895 - Raul d'Avila Pompeia, Brazilian writer (Boarding-school), dies at 32
1904 - Per Jonas Fredrik Vilhelm Svedbom, composer, dies at 61
1916 - St. Albert Chmielowski, Polish Catholic saint (b. 1845)
1921 - Hans Huber, composer, dies at 69
1921 - Korolenko, writer, dies
1922 - Alphonse Goovaerts, composer, dies at 75
1925 - Sergei Jessenin, writer, dies at 30
1925 - Karl Abraham, German psychoanalyst (b. 1877)
1926 - Yoshihito, 123rd Emperor of Japan (1912-26), dies at 47
1927 - Sergei D Sazonov, Russian Foreign minister (1910-16), dies at 66
1930 - Harvey Worthington Loomis, composer, dies at 65
1933 - Francesc Macià, Catalonian statesman (b. 1859)
1935 - Paul Bourget, French novelist and critic (b. 1852)
1936 - Pierre Maurice, composer, dies at 68
1938 - Karel Čapek, Czech author (b. 1890)
1940 - Agnes Ayres, actress (Johnny Belinda, Sheik), dies at 42
1942 - Vojislav Vuckovic, composer, dies at 32
1943 - Ilona Durigo, Hungarian singer, dies at 62
1943 - Raymond Huntington Woodman, composer, dies at 82
1946 - W C Fields, writer/comedian (Bank Dick, It's A Gift), dies at 67
1947 - Gaspar G. Bacon, was Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts (b. 1886)
1950 - Xavier Villaurrutia, Mexican poet (Nostalgia de la muerte), dies at 47
1950 - Neil Francis Hawkins, British fascist (b. 1903)
1951 - Harry T Moore, Florida NAACP official, killed by bomb
1953 - Patsy Donovan, Irish-born American baseball player (b. 1865)
1954 - Johnny Ace, Memphis rhythm and blues singer, accidentally shoots himself in the head at 25
1954 - Liberty Hyde Bailey, US botanist (Plantbreeding), dies at 96
1954 - Rosario Scalero, composer, dies at 84
1956 - Robert Walser, writer, dies at 78
1957 - Frederick Law Olmsted Jr, US landscape architect and advocate for wildlife conservation dies at 87
1961 - Rheinhold Rudenberg, inventor of electron microscope, dies
1961 - Otto Loewi, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1873)
1961 - Owen Brewster, U.S. Senator from Maine (b. 1888)
1963 - Tristan Tzara, writer, dies at 67
1964 - Cheerio Meredith, actress (One Happy Family), dies at 74
1971 - Byron Arnold, composer, dies at 70
1973 - İsmet İnönü, Turkish statesman (b. 1884)
1973 - Gabriel Voisin, French aviation pioneer (b. 1880)
1975 - Gaston Gallimard, French publisher (Library Gallimard), dies at 94
1976 - Arthur Mitchell, cricketer (batted in 6 Tests for Eng 1933-36), dies
1976 - Frankie Darro, actor (Radio Ranch, Valley of Wanted Men), dies at 58
Comedian/Actor/Filmaker Charlie ChaplinComedian/Actor/Filmaker Charlie Chaplin (1977) 1977 - Charlie Chaplin, actor/comedian (Modern Times, The Kid), dies in Switzerland at 88
1979 - Joan Blondell, American actress (Real McCoys), dies of leukemia at 73
1979 - Lee Bowman, actor (Ellery Queen, Miami Undercover), dies at 64
1979 - Jordi Bonet, Quebec muralist and sculptor (b. 1932)
1980 - Fred Emney, actor (Adventures of a Private Eye), dies at 80
1980 - Louis Neefs, Belgian singer, dies at 43
1980 - Oscar Romero, archbishop of El Salvador, murdered
1983 - Joan Miro, Spanish surrealist, dies at his home in Majorca at 90
1985 - George Rhodes, orchestra leader (Sammy Davis Jr Show), dies at 66
1988 - Ooka Shohei, Japanese novelist (b. 1909)
1988 - Edward Pelham-Clinton, 10th Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne (b. 1920)
1989 - Barrel Regtien, student leader, dies
1989 - Billy Martin, NY Yankee manager, killed in a car accident at 61
1989 - Elena Ceausescu, wife of Romania's dictator Nicolea, executed
1989 - Nicolea Ceausescu, dictator of Romania, executed
1989 - Ton Regtien, Dutch student leader, dies at 51
1990 - Marguerite N Wittenberg, entertainer, dies of cancer at 77
1991 - Curt Bois, actor (Great Waltz, Boat is Full), dies at 90
1991 - Mahmood Hussain, cricketer (27 Tests for Pakistan, 68 wickets), dies
1991 - Orane Demazis, French actress (Marius, Fanny et Caesar), dies at 87
1991 - Sal Provenza, entertainer, dies of lymphoma at 45
1992 - Richard H Ichord, US leader of House Un-American Activities Committee, dies at 66
1992 - Garrison H Davidson, US lt-gen commandant (West Point), dies
1992 - Helen B M Fennell Joseph, English/South Afr anti-apartheid, dies at 87
1992 - Monica Dickens, English/US journalist/author, dies at 77
1992 - Ted Croker, RAF-pilot/sect English soccer team (sponsoring), dies
1993 - Pierre Victor Auger, French physicist (b. 1899)
1994 - Pierre Dreyfus, French director of Renault (1955-75), dies at 87
1994 - Zail Singh, president of India (1982-87), dies at 78
1995 - Dean Martin, singer/actor (Return to Me), dies at 78
1995 - Emmanuel Levinas, philosopher, dies at 89
1995 - Jimmy Boucher, cricketer (great Irish all-rounder 1929-54), dies
1995 - Nikolai [Nicolas Leonidovich] Slonimsky, musicologist, dies at 101
1996 - Derek Prouse, writer actor/director (Le Scandale), dies at 74
1996 - Jon Benet Ramsey, Colo child beauty queen, murdered at 6
1996 - Rupert John, gov-gen of Grenadines (1970-76), dies
1997 - Anatoli Boukreev, mountaineer, dies at 39

<< 24th December

— On this Day in History —

26th December >>


Search On this Day in History

Day  Month  Year  Type

Keyword(s)