This Day in History for 3rd December

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 170

741 - St Zachary begins his reign as Catholic Pope succeeding Gregory III
1347 - Pope Clemens VI declares Roman tribunal Coke di Rienzo as heretics
1557 - 1st Covenant of Scottish protestants form
1586 - Sir Thomas Herriot introduces potatoes to England from Colombia
1639 - 1st annulment by court decree passes
1676 - Battle of Lund (Scanian War): Swedish army of 8,000 defeats much larger joint Danish/Dutch force of 13,000
1678 - Edmund Halley receives MA from The Queen's College, Oxford
1685 - Charles II bars Jews from settling in Stockholm, Sweden
1694 - English parliamentary election set for every 3 years
1699 - Baron Jacob Hop appointed treasurer-general of the Hague
1736 - Astronomer Anders Celsius takes measurements that confirm Newton's theory that the earth was an ellipsoid rather than the previously accepted sphere
Astronomer Anders CelsiusAstronomer Anders Celsius 1775 - First official US flag raised (Grand Union Flag) aboard naval vessel USS Alfred
1818 - Illinois becomes 21st state USA (Admission day)
1828 - Andrew Jackson elected 7th US President
1833 - Oberlin College in Ohio, the first truly coeducational college, opens
1834 - First US dental society organized (NY)
1835 - First US mutual fire insurance company issues first policy (Rhode Island)
1844 - RC Society Apostole of Prayer forms
1847 - Frederick Douglass publishes first issue of his newspaper "North Star"
1854 - Eureka Stockade: In what is claimed by many to be the birth of Australian democracy, more than 20 goldminers at Ballarat, Victoria, Australia are killed by state troopers in an uprising over mining licences.
Confederate General James LongstreetConfederate General James Longstreet 1863 - Confederate General James Longstreet abandons his siege at Knoxville, TN
1864 - Skirmish at Thomas' Station, Georgia
1866 - Paid fire dept replaces volunteer companies
1868 - 1st blacks on US trial jury appointed for Jefferson Davis trial
1878 - Settlers arrive at Petach Tikvah, Israel
1881 - Henry Morton Stanley founds Leopoldville (now Kinshasa)
1883 - 48th US Congress (1883-85) convenes
1901 - Milwaukee is dropped from the AL & replaced by St Louis Browns
1903 - Panglima Polim surrenders to Capt Colijn at Atjeh
1907 - George Cohan's musical "Talk of the Town" premieres in NYC
President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson DavisPresident of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis 1908 - Edward Elgar's 1st Symphony in A premieres
1910 - Neon lights first publicly displayed (Paris Auto Show)
1912 - Gerrit Brinkman becomes 1st Dutch traffic officer
1912 - Turkey, Serbia, Montenegro, Greece & Bulgaria sign weapons pact
1912 - First Balkan War: The Naval Battle of Elli takes place.
1914 - Dutch army opens fire on interned Belgian soldiers: 8 killed
1915 - General Joseph Joffre becomes Commander-in-Chief of the French Armies
1917 - After nearly 20 years of planning and construction, the Quebec Bridge opens to traffic.
1920 - Turkey & Armenia agree to peace treaty
1921 - 9th CFL Grey Cup: Toronto Argonauts defeats Edmonton Eskimos, 23-0
1922 - First successful technicolor movie (Tall of the Sea), shown in NYC
1923 - First Congressional open session broadcast via radio (Wash DC)
1926 - Manchester Guardian (German Reichswehr/Red Army work together)
Novelist Agatha ChristieNovelist Agatha Christie 1926 - Detective novelist Agatha Christie mysteriously disappears for 11 days
1929 - Boston Bruins begins then NHL record 14 game winning streak
1930 - Airborn chemicals combine with fog to kill 60 (Meuse Valley, Belgium)
1930 - Otto Ender forms Austrian government
1930 - Richard Rodgers/L Hart's musical "Evergreen" premieres in London
1931 - Alka Seltzer goes on sale
1932 - 20th CFL Grey Cup: Hamilton Tigers defeats Regina Roughriders, 25-6
1932 - Gen Kurt von Schleicher becomes chancellor of Germany
Baseball Legend Connie MackBaseball Legend Connie Mack 1933 - Connie Mack sells Mickey Cochrane to Det Tigers for $100,000
1933 - Joe Lilliard QBs Chic Cardinals; last NFL black until 1946
1934 - Italian colonial Tripoli & Cyrenaica annexed to Libya
1934 - KYW-AM in Chicago Ill moves to Phila Penn
1938 - AAUs decides to continue linear measuring system over metric
1939 - Dmitri Shostakovich's 6th Symphony premieres
1941 - Hitler views Poltava, Ukraine
1943 - 9th Heisman Trophy Award: Angelo Bertelli, Notre Dame (QB)
1943 - Battle of Monte Cassino, Italy begins
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf HitlerDictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler 1943 - Howard Hanson's 4th Symphony premieres
1944 - British order to disarm causes general strike in Greece
1944 - Hungarian death march of Jews ends
1944 - Mussert puts Seyss-Inquart plan for small Nazi-Europe
1944 - NFL Cardinals-Pitts merger disolves
1944 - US 5th Armoured division occupies Brandenburg Hurtgenwald
1944 - The Greek Civil War breaks out in a newly-liberated Greece, between communists and royalists.
1944 - Britain's Home Guard ('Dad's Army') is officially stood down at a special farewell parade in Hyde Park, London.
1946 - 12th Heisman Trophy Award: Glenn Davis, Army (HB)
1946 - US government asks UN to order dictator Franco out of Spain
Playwright Tennessee WilliamsPlaywright Tennessee Williams 1947 - Tennessee Williams' "Streetcar Named Desire" premieres in NYC
1948 - "Pumpkin Papers" come to light (claimed to be from Alger Hiss)
1948 - 1st US woman army officer not in medical corps sworn in
1948 - Don Bradman scores his last century, 123 in his own testimonial
1948 - Chinese refugee ship "Kiangya" explodes in E China Sea killing 1,100
1949 - KRLD (now KDFW) TV channel 4 in Dallas-Fort Worth, TX (CBS) begins
1950 - Cleveland Browns last NFL team with no-pass game (beat Phila 13-7)
ABC Radio Broadcaster Paul HarveyABC Radio Broadcaster Paul Harvey 1950 - Paul Harvey begins his national radio broadcast
1950 - Cleveland Browns' Horace Gillom sets club record with 12 punts
1952 - 1st TV broadcast in Hawaii
1952 - Marcos Perez Jiménez elected president of Venezuela
1953 - "Kismet" opens at Ziegfeld Theater NYC for 583 performances
1953 - Eisenhower criticizes McCarthy for saying communists are in the Republican Party
1953 - Premier of Dmitri Shostakovitch' 5th String Quartet
1954 - Samuel Barber's "Prayers of Kierkegaard" premieres
1954 - William Walton's opera "Troilus & Cressida" premieres in London
1955 - KTVE TV channel 10 in Monroe-El Dorado, LA (NBC) begins broadcasting
1956 - Bitain and France pull troops out of Egypt
1956 - KFSA (now KFSM) TV channel 5 in Ft Smith, AR (CBS) 1st broadcast
NBA Legend Wilt ChamberlainNBA Legend Wilt Chamberlain 1956 - Wilt Chamberlain's 1st collegiate basketball game (scores 52)
1957 - 23rd Heisman Trophy Award: John Crow, Texas A&M (HB)
1958 - Indonesian parliament accepts nationalisation of Dutch businesses
1959 - State of emergency in Cyprus ends
1960 - "Camelot" opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 873 performances
1960 - Frederick Loewe/Alan Jay Lerner's "Camelot" premieres in NYC
1961 - Anton Geesink becomes 1st non-Japanese judo world champion
1961 - The Beatles meet future manager Brian Epstein
1961 - George Blanda of Houston Oilers kicks 55-yard field goal
1961 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1962 - Edith Spurlock Sampson sworn-in as 1st US black female judge

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 213

1368 - Charles VI, [the Well-Beloved], king of France (1380-1422)
1483 - Nicolaus von Amsdorf, German reformation theologist
1560 - Jan Gruter, Dutch critic (d. 1627)
1576 - Marsilio Casentini, composer
1668 - Casimir Schweizelsperg, composer
1684 - Ludvig Baron Holberg, founder (Danish & Norwegian literature)
1729 - Padre Antonio Francisco J Jose Soler, Olot Spain, composer (Fandango)
1750 - Johann Franz Xaver Sterkel, composer
1752 - Georg-Friederich Fuchs, composer
1753 - Samuel Crompton, English inventor (mule-jenny spinning machine)
1755 - Gilbert Stuart, US, portrait painter (painted Washington)
1758 - Josef Gelinek, composer
1776 - Johann Spurzheim, German neuroscientist (d. 1832)
1795 - Rowland Hill, introduced 1st adhesive postage stamp (1840)
1797 - Francis P Kenrick, Irish/US archbishop of Baltimore
1800 - France Preseren, Slovenian poet (Krst pri Savici)
1806 - Henry Alexander Wise, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1876
1809 - Thomas Alfred Davies, Bvt Mjr General (Union volunteers), died in 1899
1822 - Charles Adam Heckman, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1896
1826 - Edmond van der Straeten, Belgian lawyer/musicologist
Union General George McClellanUnion General George McClellan (1826) 1826 - George McClellan, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Union army major general, (d. 1885)
1829 - Green Berry Raum, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1909
1838 - Cleveland Abbe, US, meteorologist (Father of Weather Bureau)
1838 - Octavia Hill, British reformer, leader of open-space movement
1842 - Ellen Henrietta Richards, US, chemist (Amer Home Economics Association-1st Pres)
1842 - Phoebe Hearst, American socialite (d. 1919)
1842 - Charles Alfred Pillsbury, American industrialist (d. 1899)
1857 - Joseph Conrad, Berdychiv, Poland, novelist (Lord Jim, Heart of Darkness), (d. 1924)
Novelist Joseph ConradNovelist Joseph Conrad (1857) 1862 - Jules Renkin, Belgian jurist/minister/premier (1931-32)
1864 - Herman Heijermans Jr, Dutch writer (Kamertjeszonde, Diamond City)
1875 - Bernhard Lichtenberg, German clergyman/antifascist
1875 - Max Meldrum, Scottish-born Australian painter (d. 1955)
1880 - Fedor von Bock, German field marshal (d. 1945)
1883 - Albert "Tibby" Cotter, cricketer (great Aussie quick of early century)
1883 - Anton (Friedrich Wilhelm) von Webern, Vienna, Austrian 12-tone composer
1884 - Rajendra Prasad, first President of India (d. 1963)
1884 - Walther Stampfli, member of the Swiss Federal Council (d. 1965)
1885 - Marchien Zwitsers, farmer in Lutten (died at 109 years old)
1886 - Manne Siegbahn, Nobel laureate (d. 1978)
1887 - Naruhiko, Prince Higashikuni of Japan (d. 1990)
1888 - Ion Nonna Otescu, composer
1895 - Anna Freud, Austrian/English psychoanalytist/daughter of Sigmund F
1896 - Boleslaw Szabelski, composer
1896 - John Urzidil, Austria/US writer (Die erbeuteten Frauen)
1897 - Kate O'Brien, Irish writer (Without My Cloak)
1898 - Lev Konstantinovich Knipper, composer
1899 - Ikeda Hayato, Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1965)
1900 - Lester Matthews, Nottingham England, (Sir Dennis-Adv of Fu Manchu)
1900 - Richard Kuhn, Austria, biochemist, worked with vitamins (Nobel 1938)
1900 - Ulrich Inderbinen, Swiss mountain guide (d. 2004)
1902 - Willem Arnold de Vries Robbe, composer
1904 - Juan E Yrausquin, founder (Party of Patriot Arubans)/minister
1905 - Leslie Ames, cricketer (England wicket-keeper of 30's Outstanding bat)
1907 - Andrew Hutchings, teachers' leader
1907 - Connee Boswell, New Orleans La, singer (Pete Kelly's Blue)
1908 - Halsey Stevens, Scott NY, composer (Triskelion)
1908 - Nigel M Balchin, [Mark Spade], English author (Business for Pleasure)
1908 - Edward Underdown, English actor (d. 1989)
1910 - Robert Arthur Hughes, missionary/surgeon
1911 - Dana Suesse, songwriter (You Ought to be in Pictures)
1911 - Nino Rota, Milan Italy, composer (Torquemada)
1913 - Omer Vanaudenhoven, Flemish industrial/resistance fighter
1914 - Irving Fine, Boston Mass, composer (Toccata)
1918 - Abdul Haris Nasution, Indonesian general (d. 2000)
1919 - Charles Craig, opera singer
1921 - Hans G Kresse, Dutch cartoonist (Eric the Viking)
1921 - Phyllis Curtin, American soprano
1922 - Sven Nykvist, Swedish cinematographer (d. 2006)
1923 - Tom Fears, NFL end (LA Rams)
1923 - Trevor Bailey, England, cricket all-rounder (batted & ran)
1924 - John Backus, inventor (FORTRAN computer language)
1924 - Roberto Mières, Argentine racing driver
1924 - Francisco Sionil José, Filipino novelist, Philippine National Artist for Literature
1925 - Ken Funston, South African cricket batsman (18 Tests during 1950's)
1925 - Ferlin Husky, American country singer (Born to Lose, Gone)
1925 - Kim Dae Jung, South Korean President, Nobel laureate
1926 - Hans Otte, German composer/pianist (The Book of Sounds, Book of Hours)
1927 - Isabelle Harriet Lucas, actress/singer (Outland, Comics)
1927 - Andy Williams, Wall Lake Iowa, singer (Moon River, Andy Williams Show) (d. 2012)
1929 - Clarence Ford, sax player
1929 - Paul Harris Turok, composer
1929 - Werner Rackwitz, German musicologist (Handel-Renaissance)
1930 - Jean-Luc Godard, French director (Alphaville, Hail Mary, Breathless)
1930 - Phyllis Curtin, Clarksburg WV, soprano (NYC Opera)
1931 - Ellen Blazer, Dutch TV director (Sonja)
1931 - Jaye P Morgan, Mancos Colo, singer/actress (Gong Show, Night Patrol)
1931 - Franz Josef Degenhardt, German author
1932 - Corry Brokken, Dutch singer
1933 - Paul J. Crutzen, Dutch chemist, Nobel laureate
1934 - Nicolas Coster, actor (Robert Delaney-Another World)
1934 - Viktor Vassilyevich Gorbatko, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 7, 24, 37/36)
1937 - Bobby Allison, auto racer (3 time winner of Daytona 500)
1937 - Stephen Rubin, English attorney/shoe manufacturer (Reebok, Adidas)
1937 - Binod Bihari Verma, Indian linguist
1938 - Jose Serebrier, Montevideo Uruguay, conductor/composer (Star Wagon)
1938 - Martyn Taylor, teacher/campaigner
1940 - Jeffrey R. Holland, American religious leader
1941 - Mary Alice, Indianola MS, newscaster (CBS, Lettie-Different World)
1942 - Alice Schwarzer, German journalist
1943 - Valerie Perrine, Galveston Tx, actress (Slaughterhouse 5)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 8 of 8

Silent Screen Actress Clara BowSilent Screen Actress Clara Bow (1931) 1931 - Silent film actress Clara Bow (26) weds actor and politician Rex Bell (28) in Las Vegas
1940 - Nobel Prize winning author Albert Camus (27) weds pianist and mathematician Francine Faure (25) in Lyon, France
1984 - Oldest groom - Harry Stevens, 103, weds Thelma Lucas, 83, in Wisc
1993 - Baseball player Darryl Strawberry (31) weds Charisse Simon (26)
2005 - NBC correspondent Hoda Kotb (41) weds New Orleans tennis coach Burzis Kanga in the Dominican Republic
2005 - "The Last Samurai" actor Ken Watanabe (46) weds actress Kaho Minami (41) in Tokyo
2005 - French heiress Athina Onassis (20) weds Olympic gold medalist equestrian Alvaro de Miranda Neto (32) in Sao Paulo, Brazil
Baseball Player Darryl StrawberryBaseball Player Darryl Strawberry (1993) 2005 - Marilyn Manson lead singer Brian Warner (36) weds burlesque performer Dita Von Teese (33) at Castle Gurteen in County Tipperary, Ireland

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 108

Roman Emperor DiocletianRoman Emperor Diocletian (311) 311 - Diocletian, Roman Emperor (284-305), dies at 66
450 - Petrus Chrysologus, 1st archbishop of Ravenna, dies
1137 - Lotharius III, of Supplinburg, Roman-Ger emperor (1133-37), dies at 67
1154 - Anastasius IV, Pope (1153-54), dies
1265 - Odofredus, Italian jurist
1463 - Louis Chalon, prince of Orange, dies
1469 - Piero de' Medici, ruler of Florence, dies at about 53
1491 - Thomas Basin, French historian/bishop of Lisieux, dies
1533 - Vasili III, great prince of Moscow (1505-33), dies at 54
1552 - St Francis Xavier, Jesuit missionary to the East (b. 1506)
1610 - Honda Tadakatsu, Japanese general (b. 1548)
1660 - Jacques Sarazin, French sculptor/painter, dies at about 70
1676 - Daniel Stalpaert, Amsterdams master builder, buried
1706 - Emilie Juliane of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, German countess and hymn writer (b. 1637)
1765 - Lord John Philip Sackville, British cricketer (b. 1713)
1789 - Claude-Joseph Vernet, French seascape painter, dies
1807 - Clara Reeve, English author (old English baron), dies
1815 - John Carroll (priest), first Roman Catholic archbishop in the U.S. (b. 1735)
1823 - Joseph Pouteau, composer, dies at 84
1839 - Frederik VI, king of Denmark (1808-39)/Norway (1803-14), dies at 71
1845 - Gregor MacGregor, Scottish con-man (b. 1786)
1857 - Christian D Rauch, German sculptor, dies at 80
1866 - Johann Wenzel Kalliwoda, composer, dies at 65
1876 - Hermann Goetz, composer, dies at 35
1882 - Archibald Campbell Tait, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1811)
1888 - Carl Zeiss, German lens maker (b. 1816)
1889 - Baltasar Saldoni, composer, dies at 82
1890 - Bill Midwinter, cricketer (8 Tests for Australia, 4 for England), dies
1892 - William Bonaparte, grandson of Lucien, dies
1892 - Afanasy Fet, Russian poet (b. 1820)
1894 - HM Jozef Schadde, Flem architect (Antwerp Stock exchange), dies at 76
Novelist Robert Louis StevensonNovelist Robert Louis Stevenson (1894) 1894 - Robert Louis Stevenson, Scottish novelist, dies at 45
1902 - Robert Lawson, New Zealand architect (b. 1833)
1910 - Mary Baker Eddy, founder (Christian Science (Monitor)), dies at 89
1912 - Prudente José de Morais Barros, President of Brazil (b. 1841)
1919 - Pierre A Renoir, French painter/sculptor, dies at 78
1933 - Richard Henry Warren, composer, dies at 74
1934 - Charles James O'Donnell, Irish politician (b. 1849)
1937 - Prosper Poullet, Belgian mayor, dies
1941 - Johann Christian August Sinding, composer, dies at 85
1941 - Pavel Filonov, Russian painter (b. 1883)
1942 - Wilhelm Peterson-Berger, composer, dies at 75
1944 - Delfien Vanhaute, Flemish pastor/poet (Ark of Noah), dies at 75
Painter & Sculptor Pierre Auguste RenoirPainter & Sculptor Pierre Auguste Renoir (1919) 1949 - Elin Pelin, writer, dies
1949 - Maria Ouspenskaya, actress (Spookies), dies at 62
1954 - Enrique Soro Barriga, composer, dies at 70
1955 - Cow Cow Davenport, American pianist (b. 1894)
1957 - Frank E Gannett, newspaper publisher, dies at 81
1960 - Hermann Stephani, composer, dies at 83
1961 - Jekabs Graubins, composer, dies at 75
1961 - Mary Charleson, actress (Upstairs & Downstairs), dies at 76
1964 - Ernst Ginsberg, writer, dies
1964 - George Brown, cricketer (7 Tests for England), dies
1967 - Annette Kolb, writer, dies at 92
1967 - Fred Engelen, Flemish actor/director (Kritisch Theater), dies at 54
1967 - Harry Wismer, American original owner of the New York Jets (b. 1913)
1969 - Ruth White, actress (Fugitive), dies of cancer at 55
1969 - Mathias Wieman, German actor (b. 1902)
1972 - Bill Johnson, American musician (b. 1872)
1973 - Michael O'Shea, actor (Denny- It's a Great Life), dies at 67
1973 - Emile Christian, American musician (b. 1895)
1975 - Hugh Thurlow, cricketer (one Test for Australia 1932), dies
1975 - Jacob Kruijt, Dutch sociologist, dies at 76
1976 - Mary Nash, actress (Phila Story, Till the Clouds Roll By), dies at 91
1978 - William Grant Still, composer, dies at 83
1979 - Dhyan Chand, Indian field hockey player (b. 1905)
1980 - Oswald Mosley, British politician (b. 1896)
1981 - Walter Knott, American farmer (b. 1889)
1984 - Virginia Lacy Jones, US librarian/presidents advisor, dies at 72
1984 - Vladimir Abramovich Rokhlin, Russian mathematician (b. 1919)
1985 - Sam Gillman, actor (Sam-Shane), dies at 70
1990 - Gavin Reed, actor (Body Beneath), dies at 59
1991 - Alex Graham, British cartoonstrip artist (Fred Basset), dies
1991 - Casey Walters, actor (True Story of Lynn Stuart), after a stroke at 75
1992 - Harry Ellerbe, actor (House of Usher, Magnetic Monster), dies at 91
1992 - Luis Alcoriza, actor/writer/director (Tiburoneros), dies of emphysema
1992 - Nureddin Al-Atassi, president of Syria (1966-70), dies
1993 - Lewis Thomas, biologist, dies of cancer at 80
1993 - Thomas Mogotlane, South African actor (Mapantsula), dies at 40
1994 - Dolf Verspoor, literary/translator (M Nijhoff prize 1958), dies at 77
1994 - Elizabeth Meyer, wife of Paul Michael Glaser, dies of AIDS at 47
1994 - Giorgi Chanturia, Pres of Georgia, assassinated
1994 - Lesley Peacock, jazz photogrpaher/author, dies
1994 - Said Mekbel, Algerian editor in chief (Le Matin), murdered at 57
1995 - Jimmy Jewel, comedian, dies at 82
1995 - Robertson Davies (author), dies at 82
1996 - Babrak Karmal, PM of Afghanistan (1980-81), dies
1996 - Det Glynn, teacher/anti-apartheid activist, dies at 84
1996 - George Duby, historian, dies at 77
1997 - Marian Kratochwil, artist, dies at 91
1997 - Steve Hamilton, pitcher (NY Yankees), dies of cancer at 63
1998 - Pierre Hétu, Quebec conductor and pianist (b. 1936)
1999 - Madeline Kahn, American actress (b. 1942)
1999 - Jarl Wahlström, 12th General of The Salvation Army (b. 1918)
1999 - Scatman John, American singer (b. 1942)
2000 - Gwendolyn Brooks, American poet (b. 1917)
2000 - Hoyt Curtin, American songwriter (b. 1922)
2002 - Glenn Quinn, Irish actor (b. 1970)
2003 - David Hemmings, English actor (b. 1941)
2004 - Shiing-Shen Chern, Chinese mathematician (b. 1911)

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