This Day in History for 5th December

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 200

63 BC - Cicero reads the last of his Catiline Orations.
663 - Fourth Council of Toledo takes place.
771 - Charlemagne becomes the sole King of the Franks after the death of his brother Carloman.
1082 - Ramon Berenguer II, Count of Barcelona is assassinated.
1301 - Pope Boniface VIII's degree Ausculta fili (only nominee)
1349 - 500 Jews of Nuremberg massacre during Black Death riots
1360 - The French Franc is created.
1408 - Emir Edigu of Golden Horde reaches Moscow.
1448 - Bishop Jona of Moscow chosen as metropolitan of Kiev/Intoxication
1456 - Earthquake strikes Naples; about 35,000 die
1492 - Columbus discovers Hispaniola (El Espanola/Haiti)
1496 - Jews are expelled from Portugal by order of King Manuel I
Explorer of the New World Christopher ColumbusExplorer of the New World Christopher Columbus 1590 - Niccolo Sfondrati chosen as Pope Gregory XIV
1602 - Giulio Caccini's "Euridice," premieres in Florence
1717 - Blackbeard ransacks the merchant sloop "Margaret" and keeps her captain, Henry Bostock, prisoner for 8 hours before releasing him. Bostock would later provide the first recorded of Blackbeard's appearance, with specific reference to his "very black beard", providing the source for his name
1741 - -6] Russian princess Elisabeth Petrovna grabs powers
1746 - Revolt in Genoa against Spanish rule.
1757 - Battle of Leuthen: Prussian army beats Austrians
1766 - London auctioneers Christie's hold their first sale
1775 - At Fort Ticonderoga, Henry Knox begins his historic transport of artillery to Cambridge, Massachusetts.
1776 - 1st US fraternity, Phi Beta Kappa (William & Mary College), forms
First US President George WashingtonFirst US President George Washington 1792 - George Washington re-elected as US president
1798 - Dutch troops occupy Hasselt
1804 - Thomas Jefferson re-elected US President, George Clinton Vice President
1810 - Napoleon Bonaparte receives a french state funeral in Paris 19 years after his death
1813 - Lübeck surrenders to allied armies
1815 - Foundation of Maceió in Brazil.
1830 - Hector Berlioz' "Symphonique Fantastique" premieres in Paris
1831 - Former US President John Q Adams takes his seat as a member of House of Representatives
1832 - Andrew Jackson re-elected President of US
1835 - - 10th: Assault on Mexican-held San Antonio by Texan rebels
US President & General Andrew JacksonUS President & General Andrew Jackson 1837 - Hector Berlioz' "Requiem" premieres
1837 - Uprising under William Lyon Mackenzie in Canada
1846 - C F Schoenbein obtains patent for cellulose nitrate explosive
1847 - Jefferson Davis is elected to the US senate, his first political post.
1848 - President Polk triggers Gold Rush of 1849 by confirming gold discovery in California
1854 - Aaron Allen of Boston patents folding theater chair
1859 - Dion Boucicault's "Octaroon" premieres in NYC
1862 - Battle of Coffeeville, MS
1865 - Chincha Islands War: Peru allies with Chile against Spain.
1868 - 1st American bicycle college opens (NY)
President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson DavisPresident of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis 1876 - Daniel Stillson (Mass) patents 1st practical pipe wrench
1876 - Fire at Brooklyn Theater kills 295, trampled or burned to death
1879 - 1st automatic telephone switching system patented
1881 - 47th Congress (1881-83) convenes
1887 - Stanley's expedition reaches plateau at Lake Albert Congo
1890 - Berlioz' opera "Les Troyens" premieres in Karlsruhe
1892 - Anti-semite Hermann Ahlwardt elected to Germany's Reichstag
1892 - Sir John Thompson becomes the fourth Prime Minister of Canada.
1893 - 1st electric car (built in Toronto) could go 15 miles between charges
4th Prime Minister of Canada John Thompson4th Prime Minister of Canada John Thompson 1894 - Georges Feydeaus' "L'hôtel du libre échange" premieres in Paris
1896 - Henrik Ibsen's "Kejsor og Galileer" premieres in Leipzig
1905 - Henry Campbell-Bannermam (Lib) becomes UK PM
1906 - British government of Balfour resigns
1908 - 1st US football uniform numerals used (University of Pittsburgh)
1912 - The Triple Alliance among Italy, Austria, and Germany (originally signed in 1882) is renewed for six years, beginning in 1914, a move inspired by instability in the Balkans
1914 - 6th CFL Grey Cup: Toronto Argonauts defeats U of Toronto, 14-2
1914 - The Italian Parliament proclaims the neutrality of the country.
1918 - Oil refinery on Curacao opens
1920 - Pro football playoff game Akron & Buffalo 0-0 tie, title undecided
1920 - Dimitrios Rallis forms a government in Greece.
1924 - Hamilton Tiger Red Green scores 5 goals to beat Tor Maple Leafs 10-5
1925 - 13th CFL Grey Cup: Ottawa Senators defeats Win Tammany Tigers, 24-1
1925 - German government of Luther falls
1926 - Sergei Eisenstein's "Battleship Potemkin" debuts
1928 - England defeats Australia by record 675 runs at Brisbane
1928 - MW Miklas elected president of Austria
1929 - 1st US nudist organization (American League for Physical Culture, NYC)
1931 - CFL Grey Cup: Mtl AAA beats Regina, 22-0 at Montreal
Theoretical Physicist Albert EinsteinTheoretical Physicist Albert Einstein 1932 - German physicist Albert Einstein granted a visa to enter America
1933 - 21st Amendment ratified, 18th Amendment (Prohibition) repealed (5:32 PM EST)
1935 - 1st coml hydroponics operation established (Montebello California)
1935 - National Council of Negro Women forms by Mary McLeod Bethune (NYC)
1936 - 24th CFL Grey Cup: Sarnia Imperials defeats Ottawa Rough Riders, 26-20
1936 - Armenian SSR, Azerbaijan SSR, Georgian SSR, Kazakh SSR & Kirghiz SSR becomes constituent republics of Soviet Union
1941 - Football Writers Association of America organized
1941 - Patrick Hamilton's "Angel Street" premieres in NYC
1941 - Russian anti offensive in Moscow drives out nazi army
1941 - Sister Elizabeth Kenny new treatment for infantile paralysis approved
1941 - US aircraft carrier Lexington and 5 heavy cruisers leave Pearl Harbor
1942 - CFL Grey Cup: Tor beats Win RCAF, 8 -5 at Toronto
1942 - Seyss-Inquart orders students in nazi-Germany to work
1942 - West Indies chocolate/coffee drop above Netherland
1943 - NFL Phila Eagle-Pitts Steeler merger disolves
1944 - German troops steal all the silver coin in Utrecht
1945 - "Lost Squadron" crashes east of Florida (Bermuda Triangle)
1945 - Special Council of Annulment affirms death sentence of Max Blokzijl
33rd US President Harry Truman33rd US President Harry Truman 1946 - Pres Harry Truman creates Committee on Civil Rights by Exec Order #9808
1947 - Joe Louis beats Jersey Joe Walcott in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
1948 - NY Giant Charley Conerly sets NFL record of 36 pass completions
1949 - Ezzard Charles defeats Jersey Joe Walcott for heavyweight boxing title
1950 - Ezzard Charles KOs Nick Barone in 11 for heavyweight boxing title
1950 - Sikkim becomes a protectorate of India
1951 - "Dragnet" premieres
1952 - -8] worst smog in London ever, 4-8,000 die
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion Ezzard CharlesBoxer and World Heavyweight Champion Ezzard Charles 1954 - KTEW (now KJRH) TV channel 2 in Tulsa, OK (NBC) begins broadcasting
1955 - AFL & CIO merge, with George Meany as president
1955 - Historic bus boycott begins in Montgomery Alabama by Rosa Parks
1955 - The American Federation of Labor and the Congress of Industrial Organizations merge and form the AFL-CIO.
1956 - Thornton Wilder's "Matchmaker" premieres in NYC

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 205

1377 - Jianwen Emperor of China (d. 1402)
1443 - Pope Julius II, Albisola, Republic of Genoa, Pope (1503-13), patron of Michelangelo, Bramante, Raphael, (d. 1513)
1495 - Nicolas Cleynaerts, Flemish grammarian (d. 1542)
1537 - Ashikaga Yoshiaki, Japanese shogun (d. 1597)
1539 - Fausto Paolo Sozzini, Italian theologian (d. 1604)
1545 - Janus Dousa, [Johan van de Does], Dutch politician/poet
The Warrior Pope Julius IIThe Warrior Pope Julius II (1443) 1547 - Ubbo Emmius, [van Embden], Dutch-Frisian humanist/historian
1661 - Robert Haley, earl of Oxford/English premier (Whig, 1710-14)
1666 - Francesco Antonio Nicola Scarlotti, composer
1687 - Francesco Xaverio Geminiani, composer
1697 - Carlo Arrigoni, composer
1697 - Giuseppe de Majo, composer
1724 - Joseph Friebert, composer
1782 - Martin Van Buren, Kinderhook New York, (D) 8th US president (1837-41)
1786 - Henry Drummond, English banker/apostole
1803 - Fyodor Ivanovich Tyutchev, Russian poet (d. 1873)
1820 - Afanasy Fet, Russian poet (d. 1892)
8th US President Martin Van Buren8th US President Martin Van Buren (1782) 1822 - Elizabeth Cabot Agassiz, American college president (d. 1907)
1824 - Titian James Coffey, Atty Gen (Union), died in 1867
1826 - John Benjamin Sanborn, Bvt Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1904
1829 - Henri-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière, French Canadian politician (d. 1908)
1830 - Christina Rossetti, London, poet (Winter Rain, Passing Away)
1839 - George Armstrong Custer, New Rumley, Ohio, Mjr General (Union volunteers), (d. 1876)
1841 - Marcus Daly, American mining tycoon (d. 1900)
1844 - John Frederick Bridge, composer
1852 - Thomas Linnemann Laub, composer
Union General George Armstrong CusterUnion General George Armstrong Custer (1839) 1855 - Clinton Hart Merriam, American ornithologist (d. 1942)
1859 - John Jellicoe, British admiral (d. 1935)
1859 - John Rushworth Jellicoe, 1st Earl Jellicoe, British Admiral of the Fleet, Southampton
1861 - Armando V Diaz, Italian marshal/minister of War (1922-24)
1863 - Paul P Painlevé, French PM (1917, 1925), mathematician [OS]
1867 - Józef Piłsudski, Polish revolutionary and statesman (d. 1935)
1867 - Antti Aarne, Finnish folklorist (d. February 2, 1925)
1868 - Arnold Sommerfeld, German physicist (d. 1951)
1869 - Ellis Parker Butler, American author (d. 1937)
1870 - Vítězslav Novák, Czech composer (d. 1949)
British Admiral of the Fleet John Rushworth JellicoeBritish Admiral of the Fleet John Rushworth Jellicoe (1859) 1871 - Bill Pickett, American rodeo performer (d. 1932)
1872 - Harry N Pillsbury, US chess player
1875 - Sir Arthur Currie, Canadian soldier (d. 1933)
1878 - Arrigo Pedrollo, composer
1879 - Clyde Cessna, American airplane manufacturer (d. 1954)
1880 - Alexander Schmuller, Russian/Neth violinist/conductor
1884 - Evert Cornelis, Dutch conductor/pianist
1885 - Dirk H W Filarski, Dutch painter/lithographer (Bergense School)
1886 - Pieter J Old, lawyer/minister of Finance/mayor of Rotterdam (1945-52)
1888 - Askell Snorrason, composer
1890 - Fritz Lang, Germany, director (M, Metropolis)
1890 - David Bomberg, English painter (d. 1957)
1892 - Cyril Ring, MA, actor (Body & Soul)
1892 - Ferdinand Schörner, German field marshal (d. 1973)
1894 - Charles Robberts, Winburg district of the Orange Free State, The first State President of South Africa
1895 - Henriette H Bosmans, Dutch cellist/pianist/composer
1895 - Elbert Frank Cox, American mathematician (d. 1969)
1896 - (Lady Huxley) Juliette Baillot, author
1896 - Willem F M Lampe, Dutch ambassador of the Dutch Antilles
1897 - Nunnally Johnson, American screenwriter and producer (d. 1977)
1898 - Josh Malihabadi, Urdu poet of India and Pakistan (d. 1982)
1898 - Grace Moore, Slabtown, Tennessee, American soprano (One Night of Love)
1899 - Sonny Boy Williamson, [Aleck Miller], blues player
1901 - Hanns Jelinek, composer
Animator Walt DisneyAnimator Walt Disney (1901) 1901 - Walter Elias disney, Chicago, animator (Mickey Mouse), (d. 1966)
1901 - Werner Heisenberg, German physicist/discovered uncertainty (Nobel 32)
1901 - Milton H. Erickson, American psychiatrist (d. 1980)
1902 - [Steve James] Strom Thurmond, (Sen-D/R-SC)
1903 - Cecil Frank Powell, Tonbridge, Kent, physicist, discovered pion (Nobel 1950), (d.1969)
1905 - Otto Preminger, Austria, director/producer (Laura, Exodus)
1905 - Gus Mancuso, American baseball player (d. 1984)
1907 - Lin Piau, Chinese politician
1907 - Giuseppe Occhialini, Italian physicist (d. 1993)
Physicist and Nobel Laureate Cecil Frank PowellPhysicist and Nobel Laureate Cecil Frank Powell (1903) 1910 - Abraham L Polonsky, US writer/director (Tell them Willie Boy is Here)
1911 - Alfred Manessier, French painter (leaded windows)
1911 - Władysław Szpilman, Polish pianist (d. 2000)
1912 - Maisie Fitter, editor/conservationist
1914 - Hans Hellmut Kirst, German author (d. 1989)
1915 - Carl Donnell "Kansas" Fields, drummer
1915 - Margaret Hayes, Balt Md, actress (Robert Montgomery Presents)
1917 - Simone Gallimard, publisher
1917 - Ken Downing, English racing driver (d. 2004)
1919 - Victor Collin Matthews, businessman
1921 - Alvy Moore, actor (Mr Kimball-Green Acres)
1921 - George Henderson, priest/politician
1921 - Peter Hansen, Oakland California, actor (Mr Parkson-Mr Novak, Gen Hospital)
1923 - Tendrjakow, writer
1925 - Anastasio "Tachito" Somoza Debayle, president of Nicaragua (1967..79)
1926 - George Savalas, Bronx NY, actor (Kojak)
1927 - Rama IX, [Bhumibol Adulyadej], Mass, king of Thailand (1946- )
1932 - Little Richard [Wayne Penniman], Macon, Georgia, American singer-songwriter (Tutti Frutti)
1933 - Bernard van Beurden, Dutch composer/music educator
1934 - Joan Didion, US novelist/journalist (Salvador)
1935 - Calvin Trillin, author (New Yorker)
1935 - Yury Vlasov, Soviet weightlifter
1936 - James Lee Burke, American writer
1938 - John J Cale, Oklahoma City, rock guitarist (After Midnight), (d. 2013)
1939 - Frederik van Rossum, composer
1939 - Horst Bastian, writer
1940 - Boris Ignatyev, Russian footballer and manager
1940 - Peter Pohl, Swedish writer
1940 - Adrian Street, Welsh professional wrestler
1941 - David Wilson, English contractor/multi-millionaire
1942 - Randy Kirby, Chicago Ill, actor (Randy-Girl From UNCLE)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 8 of 8

Gangster Carlo GambinoGangster Carlo Gambino (1926) 1926 - Gangster Carlo Gambino (24) weds his first cousin Catherine Castellano
1932 - "East of Eden" director Elia Kazan (23) weds playwright Molly Day Thatcher (25)
1943 - Singer and actress Dinah Shore (27) weds actor George Montgomery (27)
1945 - Actor Eddie Albert (39) weds actress Margo (28)
1947 - "Spiderman" creator Stan Lee (24) weds Joan Clayton Boocock
1993 - Newhart actor William Sanderson (47) weds Sharon Wix (39)
2003 - Cold play band lead vocalist Chris Martin (35) weds actress and singer Gwyneth Paltrow (39) at the San Ysidro Ranch in Montecito, California
Lead Vocalist of Coldplay Chris MartinLead Vocalist of Coldplay Chris Martin (2003) 2011 - American game show host and executive producer Jeff Probst (50) weds actress/model Lisa Ann Russell (40) at a private house in Los Angeles

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 116

63 BC - Publius Cornelius Lentulus (Sura), Roman statesman
749 - Saint John of Damascus, theologian
1212 - Derek II of Are, Bishop of Utrecht (1197-1212), dies
1244 - Johanna of Constantinople, countess of Flanders (1205-44), dies
1355 - Jan III, duke of Brabant/Limburg, dies
1560 - Francis II, King of France (1559-60), dies at 16
1570 - Johan Friis, Danish statesman (b. 1494)
1594 - Gerardus Mercator, Flemish philosopher/cartographer, dies at 82
1624 - Gaspard Bauhin, Swiss botanist (b. 1560)
1654 - Jean François Sarrazin, French writer
1663 - Severo Bonini, composer, dies at 80
1675 - John Lightfoot, English theologist (Horae Hebraicae), dies at 73
1745 - Christoph Forster, composer, dies at 52
1749 - Pierre Gaultier de Varennes et de la Vérendrye, New French explorer and trader (b. 1685)
1758 - Johann Friedrich Fasch, composer, dies at 70
1770 - James Stirling, Scot mathematician (Formula of Stirling), dies at 78
Poet Phillis WheatleyPoet Phillis Wheatley (1784) 1784 - Phillis Wheatley, American poet and first published African-American woman, dies in Boston at 31
1791 - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, composer, dies in Vienna Austria at 35
1799 - Robert Kimmerling, composer, dies at 61
1818 - Bruno Daalberg/Anonymus Belga, sect of High Council Adel, dies at 60
1819 - Friedrich Leopold Graf zu Stolberg, German poet (b. 1750)
1835 - August v Platen, writer, dies at 39
1842 - MJ Auguste Vestrius, French ballet dancers, dies at 82
1853 - Johann Peter Heuschkel, composer, dies at 80
1859 - Louis Poinsot, French mathematician/instrument maker, dies at 82
Author Alexandre DumasAuthor Alexandre Dumas (1870) 1870 - Alexandre Dumas, French writer, dies at 68
1886 - Peter Hofstede de Groot, Dutch reformed theologist, dies at 84
1887 - Eliza Roxcy Snow, American poet (b. 1804)
1891 - JKLSBFXvPSMGRG Pedro II of Alcantara, emp of Brazil (1831-89), dies
1895 - Chief Gall, Sioux chief (b. 1840)
1902 - Henry Stephen Cutler, composer, dies at 78
1916 - Hans Richter, composer, dies at 73
1922 - Samuel Muller Fzn, Dutch historian/archivist, dies
1925 - Wilhelmina E Drucker, [Lensing], Dutch feminist, dies at 78
1926 - Claude Monet, French impressionist, dies at 86
Impressionist Painter Claude MonetImpressionist Painter Claude Monet (1926) 1928 - Johannes F "Johan" Bakker Sr, actor/husband of Truus Soete, dies at 61
1931 - Vachel Lindsay, American poet (b. 1879)
1935 - Frans, [MJ Francois] Erens, literary (Years Gone By), dies at 78
1938 - Christina "Dina" Koudijs-van Appeldoorn, pianist/composer, dies at 54
1940 - Jan Kubelik, composer, dies at 60
1940 - Mordechai Frizis, Jewish Greek military officer (b. 1893)
1942 - Buck Jones, Hollywood's last cowboy hero actor (Headin' East), buried
1950 - Shri Aurobindo, Indian guru (b. 1872)
1951 - "Shoeless" Joe Jackson, of baseball's black sox scandal, dies
1951 - Abanindranath Tagore, Indian writer (b. 1871)
1953 - Jorge Negrete, Mexican singer and actor (b. 1911)
1955 - Paul Harvey, actor (Calamity Jane, Heldorado, Jamboree), dies at 73
1958 - Ferdinand Bruckner, writer, dies at 67
1959 - K S Duleepsinhji, cricketer (12 Tests for England, 995 runs), dies
1963 - Herbert H Lehman, (Gov-D-NY), dies
1963 - Karl Amadeus Hartmann, composer, dies at 58
1963 - Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy, Prime Minister of Pakistan (b. 1892)
1964 - Remy Angenot, Flemish actor (Tailor Wibbel), dies at 70
Physiologist Joseph ErlangerPhysiologist Joseph Erlanger (1965) 1965 - Joseph Erlanger, American physiologist, Nobel laureate for shock therapy (b. 1874)
1966 - Sylveer Maes, Belgian bicylist, dies at 57
1968 - Fred Clark, actor (Zotz, Auntie Mame), dies of liver ailment at 54
1971 - Hugh Wakefield, actress (Blithe Spirit), dies
1972 - Kenny Dorham [McKinley], American jazz trumpeter, dies at 48
1974 - Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman, tennis player (US Open 1909-11), dies at 87
1974 - Henry Wadsworth, actor (Applause, Ceiling Zero), dies at 72
1974 - Pietro Germi, actor/director (Serafino, Climax), dies at 60
1975 - Jimmy Nervo, actor (Frozen Limits), dies
1977 - Aleksandr Vasilevsky, Soviet military commander (b. 1895)
1979 - Sonia Delaunay, Russian born French artist, dies aged 94
1980 - Don Taylor, cricketer (3 Tests for NZ 1947-56, 159 runs), dies
1983 - Robert Aldrich, dir/producer (Last Sunset), dies at 65
1984 - Adam Malik, Third Vice President of Indonesia (b. 1917)
1986 - Carmol Taylor, country songwriter, dies at 53 of cancer
1986 - Sir Edward Youde, Governor of Hong Kong (b. 1924)
1987 - "Fat" Larry James, US drummer (Fat Larry's Band-Zoom), dies at 38
1989 - John M Pritchard, British conductor, dies at 68
1990 - Steven Shaw, dies at 25
1991 - Aad Mansfield, soccer player/trainer (ADO/Feyenoord/FC Utrecht), dies
1991 - Jill Browne, dies at 54
1991 - Richard Speck, mass murderer, dies a day before his 50th birthday
1991 - Robert Karvelas, American actor (b. 1921)
1992 - Hilary Tindall, dies of cancer at 54
1992 - Sergei Aleksandrovich Yemelyanov, Russian cosmonaut, dies at 41
1993 - Alexandre Trauber, Hungarian/French set designer (Harem), dies at 87
1993 - Arthur Staal, Dutch architect (Shell Tower Amsterdam), dies at 86
1993 - Douglas Hopkins, guitarist (Gin Blossoms), dies of gun shot at 32
1994 - Harry Horner, Czech/US set designer/director (Our Town), dies at 84
1994 - Richard Brian Waring Barton-Chapple, writer, dies at 69
1994 - Ronald Ridout, school textbook author, dies at 78
1995 - Robert Charles Evans, mountaineer/doctor, dies at 77
1995 - Robert Parrish, film director editor/actor (Casino Royale), dies at 79
1995 - Victor Collin Matthews, businessman, dies on 76th birthday
1995 - Gwen Harwood, Australian poet (b. 1920)
1995 - Lisa McPherson, former Scientologist (b. 1959)
1996 - Peter Hall, folklorist/musician, dies at 60
1996 - Wilf Carter, country singer, dies at 91
1997 - Colin Franklin, doctor, dies at 67
1997 - Daphne Fielding, socialite/writer, dies at 93
1998 - Al Gore, Sr., American politician (b. 1907)
2001 - Franco Rasetti, Italian physicist (b. 1901)
Sports Broadcasting Pioneer and President of ABC Sports Roone ArledgeSports Broadcasting Pioneer and President of ABC Sports Roone Arledge (2002) 2002 - Roone Arledge, American sports broadcasting pioneer, dies of prostate cancer at 71
2002 - Ne Win, Burmese leader (b. 1911)
2005 - Ed Masry, American lawyer (b. 1932)
2005 - Kevin "Big Kev" McQuay, Australian businessman (b. 1949)
2005 - Frits Philips, Dutch businessman (b. 1905)

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