This Day in History for 7th December

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 149

43 BC - Marcus Tullius Cicero (b. 106 BC), Roman orator and politician assassinated.
185 - Emperor Lo-Yang, China sees supernova (MSH15-52)
1354 - Margaretha van Bavarian's son earl Willem V signs peace treaty
1696 - Connecticut Route 108, one of the oldest highways in the U.S. is completed to Trumbull.
1724 - Tumult of Thorn - religious unrest was followed by the execution of nine Protestant citizens and the mayor of Thorn (Toruń) by Polish authorities.
1732 - The Royal Opera House opens at Covent Garden, London.
1741 - Elisabeth Petrovna becomes tsarina of Russia
1783 - Theatre Royal opens in Covent Garden, London
1783 - William Pitt Jr (24) becomes the youngest ever British Prime Minister
1787 - Delaware becomes 1st state to ratify constitution
4th US President James Madison4th US President James Madison 1808 - James Madison elected 4th US President and George Clinton Vice-President
1835 - Bavarian Ludwig railway opens - first German steam railway
1836 - Martin Van Buren elected 8th president
1842 - NY Philharmonic's 1st concert
1862 - Battle of Hartsville, TN
1862 - Battle of Prairie Grove, AR
1864 - Skirmish at Ebenezer Creek/Cypress Swamp, Georgia
1868 - Jesse James gang robs bank in Gallatin Missouri, kills 1
1872 - HMS Challenger sets sail on 3½ year world oceanographic cruise
Outlaw Jesse JamesOutlaw Jesse James 1875 - Natives Sons of the West organized
1876 - NY Mutuals & Phila A's expelled from NL for not completing sked
1877 - Thomas Edison demonstrates his phonograph (gramophone) to the editors of "Scientific American"
1885 - 49th Congress (1885-87) convenes
1889 - Gilbert & Sullivans "Gondoliers" premieres in London
1891 - 52nd Congress (1st to appropriate $1 billion) holds 1st session
1895 - Battle at Amba Alagi: Abyssinians beat Italian armies
1900 - Max Planck, in his house at Grunewald, on the outskirts of Berlin, discovers the law of black body emission.
1902 - Britain and Germany issue an ultimatum to Venezuela demanding that President Cipriano Castro pay claims for damages caused during his takeover of the government in 1899
Inventor Thomas EdisonInventor Thomas Edison 1907 - Eugene Corri becomes 1st referee in a boxing ring
1907 - The First Egyptian Nationalist Congress meets under the leadership of Mustafa Kamil Pasha
1909 - Leo Baekeland, Yonkers, patents 1st thermosetting plastic (Bakelite)
1911 - Leslie J Stuarts musical "Betsy" premieres in NYC
1911 - Natl Hockey Association forms with New Westminster, Vancouver & Victoria
1912 - Bust of Queen Nefertete found in El-Amarna, Egypt
1916 - British government of David Lloyd George forms
1916 - David Lloyd George replaces resigning H. H. Asquith as British PM
1917 - US becomes 13th country to declare war on Austria during World War I
1920 - NSW make 802 against South Australia, then Mailey takes 8-81
1920 - USPD-KPD parties merge into Vereinigte Communist Party of Germany
1921 - KWG-AM in Stockton CA begins radio transmissions
1924 - German election (Social Democrats win, Nazis & Communists lose)
1925 - Biltmore Theater opens at 261 W 47th St NYC
1925 - Noel Coward's "Easy Virtue" premieres in NYC
1926 - Gas refrigerator patented
Cricket Legend Donald BradmanCricket Legend Donald Bradman 1929 - Bradman scores 124 for Woodfull's XI against Ryder's XI 166 mins
1929 - Leo Diegel wins PGA golf tournament
1930 - 13th PGA Championship: Tommy Armour at Fresh Meadows CC Flushing
1931 - Bradman scores 219 NSW v South Africa, 234 mins, 15 fours
1932 - 1st gyro-stabilized vessel to cross Atlantic arrives in NY
1934 - Wiley Post discovers jet stream
1935 - CFL Grey Cup: Winnipeg Blue Bombers beat Ham Tigers, 18-12 at Hamilton
1937 - Dutch Minister Romme proclaims married women are forbidden to work
Baseball Player Ted WilliamsBaseball Player Ted Williams 1937 - Red Sox acquire the contract of 19-year-old Ted Williams
1937 - Russian chess player Alekhine recaptures world title from Max Euwe
1938 - Philip Barry's "Here Come the Clowns" premieres in NYC
1938 - W9XZY broadcasts facsimile of St Louis Post-Dispatch by radio
1939 - Lou Gehrig, 36, is elected to Baseball's Hall of Fame
1939 - William Walton's violinist concert premieres in Cleveland
1940 - 28th CFL Grey Cup (Game 2): Toronto Balmy Beach defeats Ottawa, 12-5
1940 - North Africa: British counter offensive under general O'Connor
Baseball Player Lou GehrigBaseball Player Lou Gehrig 1940 - The first prototype Fairey Barracuda flew
1941 - Australian bombers land on Timor/Ambon
1941 - Futshida's air fleet passes coastline of Oahu
1941 - German siege of Tobruk after 8 months ends
1941 - Japanese attack on the US at Pearl Harbour Naval Base, Hawaii
1941 - Nacht & Nebel Erlass, resistance fighter sent to concentration camps
1941 - 1st Japanese midget submarine (No. 20) attacked by a US ship (USS Ward)
1943 - Cairo: president Roosevelt travels back to the US
1944 - Convention on International Civil Aviation drawn up in Chicago
1944 - General Radescu forms Romanian government
1945 - Microwave oven patented
1946 - Fire at Winecoff Hotel in Atlanta, kills 119
1949 - 15th Heisman Trophy Award: Leon Hart, Notre Dame (E)
1949 - Chiang Kai-shek flees to Taiwan
1952 - KKTV TV channel 11 in Colorado Spgs-Pueblo, CO (CBS) 1st broadcast
1953 - Israel's PM Ben-Gurion retires
1953 - WCCB TV channel 18 in Charlotte, NC (IND/ABC) begins broadcasting
1954 - Japanese government of Joshida resigns
1954 - KCTS TV channel 9 in Seattle, WA (PBS) begins broadcasting
1956 - Helen O'Connell joins Today Show panel
1957 - Tony Kubek of the Yanks selected as AL Rookie of the Year
1958 - Romulo Betancourt elected pres of Venezuela
1959 - "Saratoga" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 80 performances
1960 - Ivory Coast claims independence from France
1962 - Great Britain performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1963 - Ian Meckiff no-balled for throwing against the South Africans
1963 - Instant replay is used for the first time in a Army-Navy game.
Singer-Songwriter George HarrisonSinger-Songwriter George Harrison 1964 - George Harrison changes his company's name from Mornyork to Harrisongs
1965 - Pope Paul VI & Orthodox Patriarch Athenagoras I simultaneously lift mutual excommunications that led to split of 2 churches in 1054
1966 - A fire at an army barracks in Erzurum, Turkey kills 68 people.
1967 - "How Now, Dow Jones" opens at Lunt Fontanne Theater NYC for 220 perfs
1967 - Otis Redding records "Sittin' on the Dock of the Bay"
1968 - Orbiting Astronomical Observatory 2 launched into Earth orbit
1968 - Richard Dodd returns a library book his great grandfather took out in 1823 from the University of Cincinnati
1970 - Taizan Maezumi Roshi, head of LA Zen Center, receives dharma
1970 - West Germany & Poland normalize relations
1971 - "Wild & Wonderful" opens/closes at Lyceum Theater NYC
1971 - Wings release their 1st album "Wild Life"
1972 - Apollo 17 (US), final manned lunar landing mission, launched
1972 - Philippine's 1st lady Imelda Marcos stabbed & wounded by an assailant

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 207

521 - Saint Columba, Irish Christian missionary to Scotland (d. 597)
903 - Abd Al-Rahman Al Sufi, Persian astronomer (d. 986)
967 - Abu Sa'id ibn Aboa al-Chair, Persian mystic
1302 - Azzone Visconti lord of Milan (d. 1339)
1545 - Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, consort of Mary I of Scotland (d. 1567)
1557 - Girolamo Trombeti, composer
1561 - Kikkawa Hiroie, Japanese politician (d. 1625)
Baroque Sculptor Giovanni BerniniBaroque Sculptor Giovanni Bernini (1598) 1598 - Giovanni Bernini, Naples, Kingdom of Naples, baroque sculptor (St Teresa in Ecstasy), (d. 1680)
1604 - Ambrosius Reiner, composer
1637 - Barnardo Pasquini, composer
1648 - Giovanni Maria Capelli, composer
1670 - John Aislabie, English director of the South Sea Company (d. 1742)
1731 - Abraham-Hyacinthe Anquetil du Perron, French interpreter
1751 - Jurrian F de Frederici, governor-General (Suriname)
1754 - Jack Jouett, American patriot
1761 - Madame [Marie Grosholtz] Tussaud, Strasbourg, France, created wax museum, (d. 1850)
1764 - Claude Victor-Perrin, duc de Belluno, French marshal (d. 1841)
Wax Museum Creator Madame TussaudWax Museum Creator Madame Tussaud (1761) 1772 - Joseph Franz Maximilian Lobkowitz, composer
1784 - Allan Cunningham, British poet (d. 1842)
1801 - Johann Nepomuk Nestroy, Austrian actor (Judith und Holofernes)
1803 - Maria Josepha of Saxony, queen consort of Spain (d. 1829)
1808 - Hugh McCulloch, US Secy of Treasury
1810 - Theodor Schwann, German co-originator of cell theory
1810 - Josef Hyrtl, Austrian anatomist (d. 1894)
1823 - Leopold Kronecker, German mathematician (Tensor of Kronecker)
1830 - Luigi Cremona, Italian mathematician/minister of Education
1835 - Dom Joseph Pothier, French monk/musicologist
1839 - Redvers H Buller, English general/large landowner: Natal
1840 - Hermann Goetz, composer
1842 - Otto Ammon, German anthropologist/sociologist (schedelmetingen)
1847 - James Deacon White, Canton NY, ball player jumped teams in 1876 (Chi)
1847 - Solomon Schechter, US Talmudic scholar/Jewish leader
1857 - Nicola van Westerhout, composer
1860 - Joseph Cook, 6th Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1947)
1862 - Paul Adam, French writer (La Bataille d'Uhde)
1863 - John Ebenezer West, composer
1863 - Pietro Mascagni, Italian composer/fascist (Cavalleria Rusticana)
1863 - Svetolik Rankovic, Serbian writer (Forest King)
1863 - Felix Calonder, Scuol, Swiss politician (Free Democratic Party)
1872 - Johan Huizinga, Dutch culture historian (Homo Ludens)
1873 - Willa Cather, US, author (My Antonia)
1876 - Ludwig Schiedermair, German musicologist (Beethoven-Archiv)
1878 - Akiko Yosano, Japan, poet (Tangled Hair)
1879 - Rudolf Friml, Czech/US composer (Bohemian suite)
1882 - Warren Bardsley, cricketer (great NSW & Aussie opening bat 1909-26)
1887 - Ernst Toch, Vienna Austria, composer (Melodie Lehre)
1888 - Hamilton Fish, US congress leader/isolationist
1888 - Joyce Cary, Anglo-Irish (male) writer (House of Children)
1888 - Matthew Heywood Campbell Broun, 1st pres of American Newspaper Guild
1889 - Heathcote Dicken Statham, composer
1891 - Fay Bainter, Los Angeles California, actress (Jezebel, Our Town, State Fair)
1892 - Nora Nicholson, Leamington England, actress (Blue Lagoon, Crow Hollow)
1894 - Stuart Davis, US painter
1895 - Jack Pennick, Portland OR, actor (Lady From Louisiana)
1896 - Juan Maria Thomas Sabater, composer
1901 - A F [Tony] Pugsley, British rear-admiral (Walcheren attack (1944))
1902 - J G Navle, cricketer (India's 1st Test wicket-keeper)
1903 - Danilo Blanuša, Croatian mathematician (d. 1987)
1904 - Clarence Nash, Watonga Oklahoma, American voice actor (Donald Duck)
1904 - Konstantin Sokolsky, Russian singer (d. 1991)
1905 - Gerard Kuiper, Dutch/US astronomer (moons of Uranus, Neptune)
1906 - George Richard James, saxophonist
1908 - Jacques Gans, Dutch author/journalist
1908 - John H Doeg, tennis champ (US Open-1930)
1909 - Jacob Kainen, artist/curator
1910 - Edmundo Ros, English orchestra leader
1910 - Richard Franko Goldman, composer
1910 - Rod Cameron, Calgary Alberta, actor (City Detective, State Trooper)
1910 - Louis Prima, New Orleans Luisiana, American musician (That Old Black Magic)
1912 - Daniel Jones, composer
1914 - Winston Place, cricketer (England opener in West Indies 1948)
1915 - Brackett Hamilton Leigh, [Douglass], US, sci-fi author (Ginger Star)
1915 - Eli Wallach, Brooklyn New York, American actor (Magnificent 7, Misfits, People Next Door)
1916 - Jean Carignan, French Canadian fiddler (d. 1988)
1918 - Jorunn Vidar, composer
1919 - Ellen Stewart, actress/founder (La Mama Theatre Group)
1920 - Fiorenzo Magni, Italian cyclist, (d. 2012)
1920 - Tatamkulu Afrika, South African poet and writer (d. 2002)
1921 - Arne Dorumsgaard, composer
1921 - Pramukh Swami Maharaj, Indian spiritual leader
1923 - Ted Knight, Terryville, Connecticut, American actor (Mary Tyler Moore, Too Close for Comfort)
1924 - John Love, Zimbabwean Formula One driver (d. 2005)
1924 - Mário Soares, President of Portugal
1925 - Hernando da Silva Ramos, Brazilian racing driver
1926 - Victor Kermit Kiam II, CEO (Remington shavers)/NFL owner (Patriots)
1926 - Wolfgang Ludewig, composer
1927 - Vlastimir Pericic, composer
1927 - Helen Watts, British contralto
Linguist & Author Noam ChomskyLinguist & Author Noam Chomsky (1928) 1928 - Noam Chomsky, linguist (founded transformational grammar)
1928 - Raymond Henry Charles Warren, composer
1930 - Richard Felciano, composer
1930 - Hal Smith, American baseball player
1932 - Ellen Burstyn, Detroit, actress (Exorcist, Alice Doesn't Live Here)
1932 - Geoff Lawson, Australian cricket player
1932 - Gerard van den Berg, Dutch TV host (Like Father, Like Son)
1932 - Paul Caponigro, American photographer
1935 - Jean-Claude Casadesus, composer
1936 - Martha Layne Collins, Baghdad Ky, (Gov-D-Ky)
1937 - Thad Cochran, (Sen-R-Miss)
1940 - Kumar Shahani, writer/director (Kasbam Tarang, Maya Darpan)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 4 of 4

1646 - Princess Louise Henriette (19) of Nassau marries Frederick Henry Elector of Brandenburg
48th Shia Imam Aga Khan III48th Shia Imam Aga Khan III (1929) 1929 - Nizari Imam Aga Khan III (52) weds Andrée Joséphine Carron in Aix-les-Bains, France
1996 - Former Tennessee Republican Senator Howard Baker (71) weds retired Kansas GOP Senator Nancy Kassebaum (64) in Washington, D.C.
2003 - Queen of hip-hop soul, Mary Jane Blige (32) weds record producer Kendu Isaacs in Bergen County, New Jersey

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 117

Roman Statesman & Philosopher CiceroRoman Statesman & Philosopher Cicero (100) 100 - Cicero, Roman politician and orator, killed as part of the proscriptions at 63
283 - Catholic Pope Saint Eutychian
983 - Otto II the Red, German king/emperor (973-83), dies at about 28
1254 - Innocent IV, [Sinibaldo dei Fieschi], Pope (1243-54), dies
1279 - King Boleslaus V of Poland (b. 1226)
1295 - Gilbert de Clare, 7th Earl of Hertford, English politician (b. 1243)
1383 - Wenceslaus, duke of Brabant, dies
1498 - Alexander Hegius von Heek, German humanist
1649 - Charles Garnier, French Jesuit missionary (b. 1606)
1672 - Richard Bellingham, English-born Massachusetts colonial magistrate (b. 1592)
1683 - John Oldham, English poet (smallpox) (b. 1653)
1723 - Jan Santini Aichel, Bohemian architect (b. 1677)
1725 - Florent Carton Dancourt, French dramatist and actor (b. 1661)
1775 - Charles Saunders, British admiral
1793 - Joseph Bara, French revolutionary (b. 1780)
1811 - Ignaz Spangler, composer, dies at 54
1815 - Michel Ney, French marshal (Waterloo), murdered at 46
1817 - William Bligh, British naval officer of "Bounty" fame, dies at 63
1823 - Johann Gottlieb Schwencke, composer, dies at 79
1826 - John Flaxman, Engl sculptor (tombs at St Paul's Cathedral), dies at 71
1829 - Johann Christoph Kienlen, composer, dies at 45
1834 - Ludwig Schuncke, composer, dies at 23
1839 - Jan Matyas Nepomuk August Vitasek, composer, dies at 69
1841 - Johann Daniel Ferstenberg, composer, dies at 83
1842 - Thomas Hamilton, Scottish writer (b. 1789)
1860 - Constantine S Aksakov, Russian historian/poet, dies at 43
1862 - Sylvester Churchill, US Union brig-general, dies
1867 - Rudolf Viole, composer, dies at 42
1874 - Constantin von Tischendorf, German biblical scholar (b. 1815)
1881 - Julius FA Bahnsen, Ger philosopher (Tragic as Weltgesetz), dies at 51
1894 - Ferdinand de Lesseps, French engineer/diplomat/earl, dies at 89
1899 - Antoni Katski, composer, dies at 82
Political Cartoonist Thomas NastPolitical Cartoonist Thomas Nast (1902) 1902 - Thomas Nast, US political cartoonist, dies aged 62
1906 - Élie Ducommun, Swiss journalist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1833)
1912 - George Darwin, theorized Moon was pulled out of Pacific Ocean, dies
1913 - Luigi Oreglia di Santo Stefano, Italian Catholic churchman and last surviving cardinal of Pius IX (b. 1828)
1917 - Leon Minkus, composer, dies at 91
1938 - Harry Moses, cricketer (6 Tests for Australia 1887-95), dies
1941 - Cecil Forsyth, composer, dies at 71
1941 - Iida, Japanese pilot/lt, dies in battle at 28
1941 - Notable casualties of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor
1941 - Mervyn S. Bennion, United States Navy Captain, Medal of Honor recipient, killed in Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor (b. 1887)
1941 - Herbert C. Jones, United States Navy, Medal of Honor recipient, killed in Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor (b. 1918)
1941 - Thomas J. Reeves, United States Navy, Medal of Honor recipient, killed in Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor (b. 1895)
1941 - Franklin Van Valkenburgh, United States Navy, Medal of Honor recipient, killed in Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor (b. 1888)
1943 - John Bouber, [Blom], actor/author (Bluejackets), dies at 22
1946 - Sada Yacco, Japanese stage actress (b. 1871)
1947 - Nicholas M. Butler, American university president, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1862)
1947 - Tristan Bernard, French playwright and novelist (b. 1866)
1948 - Godfrey Turner, composer, dies at 35
1956 - Huntley Gordon, Canadian actor (b. 1887)
1960 - Clara Haskil, Swiss pianist (b. 1895)
1962 - Kirsten Flagstad, Norwegian soprano (Wagner), dies at 67
1967 - House Peters, silent film actor (Kansas Territory), dies at 87
1969 - Eric Portman, actor (Naked Edge), dies from heart ailment at 66
1969 - Hugh Williams, actor (Human Monster), dies after surgery at 65
1969 - Lefty O'Doul, American baseball player (b. 1897)
Cartoonist Rube GoldbergCartoonist Rube Goldberg (1970) 1970 - Rube Goldberg, US cartoonist (Mike & Ike, Pulitzer 1948), dies at 87
1970 - Romaine Brooks (born Beatrice Romaine Goddard), American painter dies aged 96
1971 - Milton Rosmer, director (Murder in the Red Barn), dies at 90
1972 - Adrian J Zoetmulder, author (God's Hour), dies at 91
1975 - Hardie Albright, actress (Silver Streak, Scarlet Letter), dies at 71
1975 - Thornton N Wilder, US writer (Bridge of San Luis Rey), dies at 78
1977 - Paul Gibb, cricketer (England batsman, 8 Tests), dies
1978 - Alexander Wetmore, American ornithologist (b. 1886)
1979 - Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin, 1st woman full prof at Harvard U, dies
1979 - Mari Andriessen, sculptor (Docker), Amsterdam, dies at 82
1979 - Nicolas Born, writer, dies at 41
1979 - Prince Chahryar Shafik, Shah of Iran's nephew, murdered in Paris
1980 - Darby Crash, rocker, dies at 22
1982 - Charlie Brooks Jr, convicted murderer became 1st US prisoner to be executed by lethal injection, at a prison in Huntsville, Texas
1983 - Edgar Graham, member of N Ireland Assembly, shot dead by IRA
1983 - Fanny Cano, Mexican actress (b. 1944)
1984 - Jeanne Cagney, actress (Quicksand, Kentucky Rifle), dies at 65
1984 - Lee Roy Yarbrough, American race car (Nascar) driver (b. 1938)
1985 - Potter Stewart, 94th Supreme Court Justice (1958-81), dies in NH at 70
1985 - Robert Graves, English writer/poet (King Jesus), dies at 90
1988 - Andrei P Ershov, Russian computer pioneer, dies
1988 - Christopher Connelly, actor (Liar's Moon, Hawmps), dies at 47
1988 - Peter Langan, Irish restaurateur (Langans London), dies in fire
1989 - William Calhoun, professional wrestler (b. 1934)
1990 - Delecta "Dee" Clark, US singer (Raindrops), dies at 52
1990 - Horst Bienek, writer, dies at 60
1990 - Joan Bennett, US actress (House Across the Bay), dies at 80
1990 - Jean Paul Lemieux, Quebec painter (b. 1904)
1991 - Michael Taylor, Male Model (b. 1913)
1992 - Maurice Coutinho, writer/translator (Silent Struggle), dies at 79
1992 - Ruth Corbett Thom, dies after long illness at 78
1992 - Vincent Gardenia, actor (Moonstruck, LA Law), dies at 71
1993 - Félix Houphouet-Boigny, pres of Ivory Coast (1960-93), dies at 88
1993 - Janet Margolin, actress (David & Lisa), dies of ovarian cancer at 50
1994 - Elga Andersen, German/French model/actress (Global Affair), dies at 58
1994 - J.C. Tremblay, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1939)
1995 - Larry Bartlett, photographer, dies at 42
1995 - Tom Burns, editor, dies at 89
1996 - Eugene Izzi, mystery writer, hangs himself at 43
1996 - Jose Donoso, writer, dies at 72
1997 - Billy Bremner, Scottish footballer dies at 54 from a suspected heart attack
1998 - John Addison, British composer (b. 1920)
2000 - Vladimir Gotovac, Croatian poet and politician (b. 1930)

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