This Day in History for 7th December

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 155

43 BC - Marcus Tullius Cicero (b. 106 BC), Roman orator and politician assassinated.
185 - Emperor Lo-Yang, China sees supernova (MSH15-52)
1354 - Margaretha van Bavarian's son earl Willem V signs peace treaty
1696 - Connecticut Route 108, one of the oldest highways in the U.S. is completed to Trumbull.
1724 - Tumult of Thorn - religious unrest was followed by the execution of nine Protestant citizens and the mayor of Thorn (Toruń) by Polish authorities.
1732 - The Royal Opera House opens at Covent Garden, London.
1741 - Elisabeth Petrovna becomes tsarina of Russia
1783 - Theatre Royal opens in Covent Garden, London
1783 - William Pitt the Younger (24) becomes the youngest ever British Prime Minister
1787 - Delaware becomes 1st state to ratify constitution
Naturalist and Explorer Alexander von HumboldtNaturalist and Explorer Alexander von Humboldt 1804 - Naturalist Alexander von Humboldt reports his discovery of the decrease in intensity of Earth's magnetic field from the poles to the equator in a memoir to the Paris Institute
1808 - James Madison elected 4th US President and George Clinton Vice-President
1835 - Bavarian Ludwig railway opens - first German steam railway
1836 - Martin Van Buren elected 8th president
1842 - New York Philharmonic's 1st concert
1862 - Battle of Hartsville, TN
1862 - Battle of Prairie Grove, AR
1864 - Skirmish at Ebenezer Creek/Cypress Swamp, Georgia
1868 - Jesse James gang robs bank in Gallatin Missouri, kills 1
Outlaw Jesse JamesOutlaw Jesse James 1872 - HMS Challenger sets sail on 3½ year world oceanographic cruise
1875 - Natives Sons of the West organized
1876 - NY Mutuals & Phila A's expelled from NL for not completing sked
1877 - Thomas Edison demonstrates his phonograph (gramophone) to the editors of "Scientific American"
1885 - 49th Congress (1885-87) convenes
1889 - Gilbert & Sullivan's "Gondoliers" premieres in London
1891 - 52nd US Congress (1st to appropriate $1 billion) holds 1st session
1895 - Battle at Amba Alagi: Abyssinians beat Italian armies
1900 - Max Planck, in his house at Grunewald, on the outskirts of Berlin, discovers the law of black body radiation.
Inventor Thomas EdisonInventor Thomas Edison 1902 - Britain and Germany issue an ultimatum to Venezuela demanding that President Cipriano Castro pay claims for damages caused during his takeover of the government in 1899
1907 - Eugene Corri becomes 1st referee in a boxing ring
1907 - The First Egyptian Nationalist Congress meets under the leadership of Mustafa Kamil Pasha
1909 - Belgian-born Leo Baekeland, Yonkers, NY, patents 1st thermosetting plastic (Bakelite)
1911 - Leslie J Stuart's musical "Betsy" premieres in NYC
1911 - Natl Hockey Association forms with New Westminster, Vancouver & Victoria
1912 - Bust of Queen Nefertete found in El-Amarna, Egypt
1916 - David Lloyd George replaces resigning H. H. Asquith as British PM
1917 - US becomes 13th country to declare war on Austria during World War I
1920 - NSW make 802 against South Australia, then Mailey takes 8-81
1920 - USPD-KPD parties merge into Vereinigte Communist Party of Germany
1921 - KWG-AM in Stockton CA begins radio transmissions
1924 - German election (Social Democrats win, Nazis & Communists lose)
1925 - Biltmore Theater opens at 261 W 47th St NYC
1925 - Noel Coward's "Easy Virtue" premieres in NYC
1926 - Gas refrigerator patented
Cricket Legend Donald BradmanCricket Legend Donald Bradman 1929 - Bradman scores 124 for Woodfull's XI against Ryder's XI 166 mins
1929 - Leo Diegel wins PGA golf tournament
1930 - 13th PGA Championship: Tommy Armour at Fresh Meadows CC Flushing
1931 - Bradman scores 219 NSW v South Africa, 234 mins, 15 fours
1932 - 1st gyro-stabilized vessel to cross Atlantic arrives in NY
1934 - Wiley Post discovers jet stream
1935 - CFL Grey Cup: Winnipeg Blue Bombers beat Ham Tigers, 18-12 at Hamilton
1937 - Dutch Minister Romme proclaims married women are forbidden to work
Baseball Player Ted WilliamsBaseball Player Ted Williams 1937 - Red Sox acquire the contract of 19-year-old Ted Williams
1937 - Russian chess player Alekhine recaptures world title from Max Euwe
1938 - Philip Barry's "Here Come the Clowns" premieres in NYC
1938 - W9XZY broadcasts facsimile of St Louis Post-Dispatch by radio
1939 - Lou Gehrig, 36, is elected to Baseball's Hall of Fame
1939 - William Walton's violinist concert premieres in Cleveland
1940 - 28th CFL Grey Cup (Game 2): Toronto Balmy Beach defeats Ottawa, 12-5
1940 - North Africa: British counter offensive under general O'Connor
Baseball Player Lou GehrigBaseball Player Lou Gehrig 1940 - The first prototype Fairey Barracuda flew
1941 - Australian bombers land on Timor/Ambon
1941 - Futshida's air fleet passes coastline of Oahu
1941 - German siege of Tobruk ends after 8 months
1941 - Imperial Japanese Navy with 353 planes attack US fleet at Pearl Harbour Naval Base, Hawaii, killing 2403 people
1941 - Nacht & Nebel Erlass, resistance fighter sent to concentration camps
1941 - 1st Japanese midget submarine (No. 20) attacked by a US ship (USS Ward)
1943 - Cairo: president Roosevelt travels back to the US
1944 - Convention on International Civil Aviation drawn up in Chicago
1944 - General Radescu forms Romanian government
1945 - Microwave oven patented
1946 - Fire at Winecoff Hotel in Atlanta, kills 119
1949 - 15th Heisman Trophy Award: Leon Hart, Notre Dame (E)
1949 - Chiang Kai-shek flees to Taiwan
1952 - KKTV TV channel 11 in Colorado Spgs-Pueblo, CO (CBS) 1st broadcast
1953 - Israel's PM Ben-Gurion retires
1953 - WCCB TV channel 18 in Charlotte, NC (IND/ABC) begins broadcasting
1954 - Japanese government of Joshida resigns
1954 - KCTS TV channel 9 in Seattle, WA (PBS) begins broadcasting
1956 - Helen O'Connell joins Today Show panel
1957 - Tony Kubek of the Yanks selected as AL Rookie of the Year
1958 - Romulo Betancourt elected pres of Venezuela
1959 - "Saratoga" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 80 performances
1960 - Ivory Coast claims independence from France
1962 - Great Britain performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1963 - Ian Meckiff no-balled for throwing against the South Africans
1963 - Instant replay is used for the first time in a Army-Navy game.
Singer-Songwriter George HarrisonSinger-Songwriter George Harrison 1964 - George Harrison changes his company's name from Mornyork to Harrisongs
1965 - Pope Paul VI & Orthodox Patriarch Athenagoras I simultaneously lift mutual excommunications that led to split of 2 churches in 1054
1966 - A fire at an army barracks in Erzurum, Turkey kills 68 people.
1967 - "How Now, Dow Jones" opens at Lunt Fontanne Theater NYC for 220 perfs
1967 - Otis Redding records "Sittin' on the Dock of the Bay"
1968 - Orbiting Astronomical Observatory 2 launched into Earth orbit
1968 - Richard Dodd returns a library book his great grandfather took out in 1823 from the University of Cincinnati
1970 - Taizan Maezumi Roshi, head of LA Zen Center, receives dharma
1970 - West Germany & Poland normalize relations
1971 - "Wild & Wonderful" opens/closes at Lyceum Theater NYC
1971 - Wings release their 1st album "Wild Life"
1971 - An off duty member of the Ulster Defence Regiment is shot dead by members of the Irish Republican Army in County Tyrone, Northern Ireland
1972 - Apollo 17 (US), final manned lunar landing mission, launched

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 207

521 - Saint Columba, Irish Christian missionary to Scotland (d. 597)
903 - Abd Al-Rahman Al Sufi, Persian astronomer (d. 986)
967 - Abu Sa'id ibn Aboa al-Chair, Persian mystic
1302 - Azzone Visconti lord of Milan (d. 1339)
1545 - Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, consort of Mary I of Scotland (d. 1567)
1557 - Girolamo Trombeti, composer
1561 - Kikkawa Hiroie, Japanese politician (d. 1625)
Baroque Sculptor Giovanni BerniniBaroque Sculptor Giovanni Bernini (1598) 1598 - Giovanni Bernini, Naples, Kingdom of Naples, baroque sculptor (St Teresa in Ecstasy), (d. 1680)
1604 - Ambrosius Reiner, composer
1637 - Barnardo Pasquini, composer
1648 - Giovanni Maria Capelli, composer
1670 - John Aislabie, English director of the South Sea Company (d. 1742)
1731 - Abraham-Hyacinthe Anquetil du Perron, French interpreter
1751 - Jurrian F de Frederici, governor-General (Suriname)
1754 - Jack Jouett, American patriot
1761 - Madame [Marie Grosholtz] Tussaud, Strasbourg, France, created wax museum, (d. 1850)
1764 - Claude Victor-Perrin, duc de Belluno, French marshal (d. 1841)
Wax Museum Creator Madame TussaudWax Museum Creator Madame Tussaud (1761) 1772 - Joseph Franz Maximilian Lobkowitz, composer
1784 - Allan Cunningham, British poet (d. 1842)
1801 - Johann Nepomuk Nestroy, Austrian actor (Judith und Holofernes)
1803 - Maria Josepha of Saxony, queen consort of Spain (d. 1829)
1808 - Hugh McCulloch, US Secy of Treasury
1810 - Theodor Schwann, German co-originator of cell theory
1810 - Josef Hyrtl, Austrian anatomist (d. 1894)
1823 - Leopold Kronecker, German mathematician (Tensor of Kronecker)
1830 - Luigi Cremona, Italian mathematician/minister of Education
1835 - Dom Joseph Pothier, French monk/musicologist
1839 - Redvers H Buller, English general/large landowner: Natal
1840 - Hermann Goetz, composer
1842 - Otto Ammon, German anthropologist/sociologist (schedelmetingen)
1847 - James Deacon White, Canton NY, ball player jumped teams in 1876 (Chi)
1847 - Solomon Schechter, US Talmudic scholar/Jewish leader
1857 - Nicola van Westerhout, composer
1860 - Joseph Cook, 6th Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1947)
1862 - Paul Adam, French writer (La Bataille d'Uhde)
1863 - John Ebenezer West, composer
1863 - Pietro Mascagni, Italian composer/fascist (Cavalleria Rusticana)
1863 - Svetolik Rankovic, Serbian writer (Forest King)
1863 - Felix Calonder, Scuol, Swiss politician (Free Democratic Party)
1872 - Johan Huizinga, Dutch culture historian (Homo Ludens)
1873 - Willa Cather, US, author (My Antonia)
1876 - Ludwig Schiedermair, German musicologist (Beethoven-Archiv)
1878 - Akiko Yosano, Japan, poet (Tangled Hair)
1879 - Rudolf Friml, Czech/US composer (Bohemian suite)
1882 - Warren Bardsley, cricketer (great NSW & Aussie opening bat 1909-26)
1887 - Ernst Toch, Vienna Austria, composer (Melodie Lehre)
1888 - Hamilton Fish, US congress leader/isolationist
1888 - Joyce Cary, Anglo-Irish (male) writer (House of Children)
1888 - Matthew Heywood Campbell Broun, 1st pres of American Newspaper Guild
1889 - Heathcote Dicken Statham, composer
1891 - Fay Bainter, Los Angeles California, actress (Jezebel, Our Town, State Fair)
1892 - Nora Nicholson, Leamington England, actress (Blue Lagoon, Crow Hollow)
1894 - Stuart Davis, US painter
1895 - Jack Pennick, Portland OR, actor (Lady From Louisiana)
1896 - Juan Maria Thomas Sabater, composer
1901 - A F [Tony] Pugsley, British rear-admiral (Walcheren attack (1944))
1902 - J G Navle, cricketer (India's 1st Test wicket-keeper)
1903 - Danilo Blanuša, Croatian mathematician (d. 1987)
1904 - Clarence Nash, Watonga Oklahoma, American voice actor (Donald Duck)
1904 - Konstantin Sokolsky, Russian singer (d. 1991)
1905 - Gerard Kuiper, Dutch/US astronomer (moons of Uranus, Neptune)
1906 - George Richard James, saxophonist
1908 - Jacques Gans, Dutch author/journalist
1908 - John H Doeg, tennis champ (US Open-1930)
1909 - Jacob Kainen, artist/curator
1910 - Edmundo Ros, English orchestra leader
1910 - Richard Franko Goldman, composer
1910 - Rod Cameron, Calgary Alberta, actor (City Detective, State Trooper)
1910 - Louis Prima, New Orleans Luisiana, American musician (That Old Black Magic)
1912 - Daniel Jones, composer
1914 - Winston Place, cricketer (England opener in West Indies 1948)
1915 - Brackett Hamilton Leigh, [Douglass], US, sci-fi author (Ginger Star)
1915 - Eli Wallach, Brooklyn New York, American actor (Magnificent 7, Misfits, People Next Door)
1916 - Jean Carignan, French Canadian fiddler (d. 1988)
1918 - Jorunn Vidar, composer
1919 - Ellen Stewart, actress/founder (La Mama Theatre Group)
1920 - Fiorenzo Magni, Italian cyclist, (d. 2012)
1920 - Tatamkulu Afrika, South African poet and writer (d. 2002)
1921 - Arne Dorumsgaard, composer
1921 - Pramukh Swami Maharaj, Indian spiritual leader
1923 - Ted Knight, Terryville, Connecticut, American actor (Mary Tyler Moore, Too Close for Comfort)
1924 - John Love, Zimbabwean Formula One driver (d. 2005)
1924 - Mário Soares, President of Portugal
1925 - Hernando da Silva Ramos, Brazilian racing driver
1926 - Victor Kermit Kiam II, CEO (Remington shavers)/NFL owner (Patriots)
1926 - Wolfgang Ludewig, composer
1927 - Vlastimir Pericic, composer
1927 - Helen Watts, British contralto
Linguist & Author Noam ChomskyLinguist & Author Noam Chomsky (1928) 1928 - Noam Chomsky, linguist (founded transformational grammar)
1928 - Raymond Henry Charles Warren, composer
1930 - Richard Felciano, composer
1930 - Hal Smith, American baseball player, (d. 2014)
1932 - Ellen Burstyn, Detroit, actress (Exorcist, Alice Doesn't Live Here)
1932 - Geoff Lawson, Australian cricket player
1932 - Gerard van den Berg, Dutch TV host (Like Father, Like Son)
1932 - Paul Caponigro, American photographer
1935 - Jean-Claude Casadesus, composer
1936 - Martha Layne Collins, Baghdad Ky, (Gov-D-Ky)
1937 - Thad Cochran, (Sen-R-Miss)
1940 - Kumar Shahani, writer/director (Kasbam Tarang, Maya Darpan)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 5 of 5

1646 - Princess Louise Henriette (19) of Nassau marries Frederick Henry Elector of Brandenburg
48th Shia Imam Aga Khan III48th Shia Imam Aga Khan III (1929) 1929 - Nizari Imam Aga Khan III (52) weds Andrée Joséphine Carron in Aix-les-Bains, France
1940 - Mexican painters Diego Rivera and Frida Kahlo remarry in San Francisco (divorced 1939)
1996 - Former Tennessee Republican Senator Howard Baker (71) weds retired Kansas GOP Senator Nancy Kassebaum (64) in Washington, D.C.
2003 - Queen of hip-hop soul, Mary Jane Blige (32) weds record producer Kendu Isaacs in Bergen County, New Jersey

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 117

Roman Statesman & Philosopher CiceroRoman Statesman & Philosopher Cicero (100) 100 - Cicero, Roman politician and orator, killed as part of the proscriptions at 63
283 - Catholic Pope Saint Eutychian
983 - Otto II the Red, German king/emperor (973-83), dies at about 28
1254 - Innocent IV, [Sinibaldo dei Fieschi], Pope (1243-54), dies
1279 - King Boleslaus V of Poland (b. 1226)
1295 - Gilbert de Clare, 7th Earl of Hertford, English politician (b. 1243)
1383 - Wenceslaus, duke of Brabant, dies
1498 - Alexander Hegius von Heek, German humanist
1649 - Charles Garnier, French Jesuit missionary (b. 1606)
1672 - Richard Bellingham, English-born Massachusetts colonial magistrate (b. 1592)
1683 - John Oldham, English poet (smallpox) (b. 1653)
1723 - Jan Santini Aichel, Bohemian architect (b. 1677)
1725 - Florent Carton Dancourt, French dramatist and actor (b. 1661)
1775 - Charles Saunders, British admiral
1793 - Joseph Bara, French revolutionary (b. 1780)
1811 - Ignaz Spangler, composer, dies at 54
1815 - Michel Ney, French marshal (Waterloo), murdered at 46
1817 - William Bligh, British naval officer of "Bounty" fame, dies at 63
1823 - Johann Gottlieb Schwencke, composer, dies at 79
1826 - John Flaxman, Engl sculptor (tombs at St Paul's Cathedral), dies at 71
1829 - Johann Christoph Kienlen, composer, dies at 45
1834 - Ludwig Schuncke, composer, dies at 23
1839 - Jan Matyas Nepomuk August Vitasek, composer, dies at 69
1841 - Johann Daniel Ferstenberg, composer, dies at 83
1842 - Thomas Hamilton, Scottish writer (b. 1789)
1860 - Constantine S Aksakov, Russian historian/poet, dies at 43
1862 - Sylvester Churchill, US Union brig-general, dies
1867 - Rudolf Viole, composer, dies at 42
1874 - Constantin von Tischendorf, German biblical scholar (b. 1815)
1881 - Julius FA Bahnsen, Ger philosopher (Tragic as Weltgesetz), dies at 51
1894 - Ferdinand de Lesseps, French engineer/diplomat/earl, dies at 89
1899 - Antoni Katski, composer, dies at 82
Political Cartoonist Thomas NastPolitical Cartoonist Thomas Nast (1902) 1902 - Thomas Nast, US political cartoonist, dies aged 62
1906 - Élie Ducommun, Swiss journalist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1833)
1912 - George Darwin, theorized Moon was pulled out of Pacific Ocean, dies
1913 - Luigi Oreglia di Santo Stefano, Italian Catholic churchman and last surviving cardinal of Pius IX (b. 1828)
1917 - Leon Minkus, composer, dies at 91
1938 - Harry Moses, cricketer (6 Tests for Australia 1887-95), dies
1941 - Cecil Forsyth, composer, dies at 71
1941 - Iida, Japanese pilot/lt, dies in battle at 28
1941 - Mervyn S. Bennion, United States Navy Captain, Medal of Honor recipient, killed in Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor (b. 1887)
1941 - Herbert C. Jones, United States Navy, Medal of Honor recipient, killed in Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor (b. 1918)
1941 - Thomas J. Reeves, United States Navy, Medal of Honor recipient, killed in Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor (b. 1895)
1941 - Franklin Van Valkenburgh, United States Navy, Medal of Honor recipient, killed in Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor (b. 1888)
1943 - John Bouber, [Blom], actor/author (Bluejackets), dies at 22
1946 - Sada Yacco, Japanese stage actress (b. 1871)
1947 - Nicholas M. Butler, American university president, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1862)
1947 - Tristan Bernard, French playwright and novelist (b. 1866)
1948 - Godfrey Turner, composer, dies at 35
1956 - Huntley Gordon, Canadian actor (b. 1887)
1960 - Clara Haskil, Swiss pianist (b. 1895)
1962 - Kirsten Flagstad, Norwegian soprano (Wagner), dies at 67
1967 - House Peters, silent film actor (Kansas Territory), dies at 87
1969 - Eric Portman, actor (Naked Edge), dies from heart ailment at 66
1969 - Hugh Williams, actor (Human Monster), dies after surgery at 65
1969 - Lefty O'Doul, American baseball player (b. 1897)
Cartoonist Rube GoldbergCartoonist Rube Goldberg (1970) 1970 - Rube Goldberg, US cartoonist (Mike & Ike, Pulitzer 1948), dies at 87
1970 - Romaine Brooks (born Beatrice Romaine Goddard), American painter dies aged 96
1971 - Milton Rosmer, director (Murder in the Red Barn), dies at 90
1972 - Adrian J Zoetmulder, author (God's Hour), dies at 91
1975 - Hardie Albright, actress (Silver Streak, Scarlet Letter), dies at 71
1975 - Thornton N Wilder, US writer (Bridge of San Luis Rey), dies at 78
1977 - Paul Gibb, cricketer (England batsman, 8 Tests), dies
1978 - Alexander Wetmore, American ornithologist (b. 1886)
1979 - Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin, 1st woman full prof at Harvard U, dies
1979 - Mari Andriessen, sculptor (Docker), Amsterdam, dies at 82
1979 - Nicolas Born, writer, dies at 41
1979 - Prince Chahryar Shafik, Shah of Iran's nephew, murdered in Paris
1980 - Darby Crash, rocker, dies at 22
1982 - Charlie Brooks Jr, convicted murderer became 1st US prisoner to be executed by lethal injection, at a prison in Huntsville, Texas
1982 - George Kistiakowsky, Ukrainian-American Chemist who helped develop the first atomic bomb (Manhattan Project) but later opposed nuclear weapons, dies at 82
1983 - Edgar Graham, member of N Ireland Assembly, shot dead by IRA
1983 - Fanny Cano, Mexican actress (b. 1944)
1984 - Jeanne Cagney, actress (Quicksand, Kentucky Rifle), dies at 65
1984 - Lee Roy Yarbrough, American race car (Nascar) driver (b. 1938)
1985 - Potter Stewart, 94th Supreme Court Justice (1958-81), dies in NH at 70
1985 - Robert Graves, English writer/poet (King Jesus), dies at 90
1988 - Andrei P Ershov, Russian computer pioneer, dies
1988 - Christopher Connelly, actor (Liar's Moon, Hawmps), dies at 47
1988 - Peter Langan, Irish restaurateur (Langans London), dies in fire
1989 - William Calhoun, professional wrestler (b. 1934)
1990 - Delecta "Dee" Clark, US singer (Raindrops), dies at 52
1990 - Horst Bienek, writer, dies at 60
1990 - Joan Bennett, US actress (House Across the Bay), dies at 80
1990 - Jean Paul Lemieux, Quebec painter (b. 1904)
1991 - Michael Taylor, Male Model (b. 1913)
1992 - Maurice Coutinho, writer/translator (Silent Struggle), dies at 79
1992 - Ruth Corbett Thom, dies after long illness at 78
1992 - Vincent Gardenia, actor (Moonstruck, LA Law), dies at 71
1993 - Félix Houphouet-Boigny, pres of Ivory Coast (1960-93), dies at 88
1993 - Janet Margolin, actress (David & Lisa), dies of ovarian cancer at 50
1994 - Elga Andersen, German/French model/actress (Global Affair), dies at 58
1994 - J.C. Tremblay, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1939)
1995 - Larry Bartlett, photographer, dies at 42
1995 - Tom Burns, editor, dies at 89
1996 - Eugene Izzi, mystery writer, hangs himself at 43
1996 - Jose Donoso, writer, dies at 72
1997 - Billy Bremner, Scottish footballer dies at 54 from a suspected heart attack
1998 - John Addison, British composer (b. 1920)
2000 - Vladimir Gotovac, Croatian poet and politician (b. 1930)

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