This Day in History for 9th December

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 163

536 - Byzantine General Belisarius enters Rome while the Ostrogothic garrison peacefully leaves the city, returning the old capital to its empire.
656 - Battle of Kameel: Kalief Al ibn Abu Talib beats rebellion
1212 - Frederick II (later also Holy Roman Emperor) crowned King of Germany in Mainz.
1315 - Swiss Woudsteden renews Eternal Covenant (Oath Society)
1425 - Pope Martinus V forms University of Leuven
1570 - The Geuzen (a confederacy of Calvinist Dutch nobles) under Herman de Ruyter occupies Loevestein
1625 - Netherlands & England sign military treaty
1640 - Settler Hugh Bewitt banished from Mass colony when he declares himself to be free of original sin
1658 - Dutch troops occupy harbor city Quilon (Coilan) India
1688 - King James II's wife & son flee England for France
1724 - Colley Cibber's "Caesar in Aegypt" premieres in London
1738 - Jews are expelled from Breslau Silesia
1747 - Great Britain & Netherlands sign military treaty
1762 - British parliament accepts Treaty of Paris
1783 - First execution at Newgate Jail in London, relocated from Tyburn (now the site of Marble Arch)
Lexicographer Noah WebsterLexicographer Noah Webster 1793 - Noah Webster establishes NY's 1st daily newspaper, American Minerva
1805 - Comet 3D/1805 V1 (Biela) approaches within 0.0366 AUs of Earth
1824 - Battle of Ayacucho (Candorcangui), Peru defeats Spain
1842 - Mikhail Glinka's opera "Russlan and Ludmilla" premieres in Petersburg
1851 - 1st Young Men's Christian Association in North America (Montreal)
1854 - Alfred Tennyson's poem "Charge of the Light Brigade" published
1856 - The Iranian city of Bushehr surrenders to occupying British forces.
Poet Alfred TennysonPoet Alfred Tennyson 1861 - Battle of Bird Creek, Indian Terr (High Shoal, Chusto-Talasah)
1861 - American Civil War: The Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War is established by the U.S. Congress.
1868 - 1st British government of Gladstone forms
1869 - Noble Order of Knights of Labor founded, Philadelphia
1878 - Joseph Pulitzer buys St Louis Dispatch for $2,500
1883 - New Brunswick adopts Eastern Standard Time (until 1902)
1884 - Levant Richardson patents ball-bearing skate
1889 - President Harrison visits opening of Chicago Auditorium
1894 - Roman Catholics win Parliamentary election in Belgium
1897 - Activist Marguerite Durand founds the feminist daily newspaper, La Fronde in Paris.
1899 - Boer War: During Seige of Ladysmith, Boers storm King's Post and Caesar's Camp - driven back
1900 - State President Paul Kruger of South Africa & Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands have a triumphant procession
1902 - AL announces purchase of grounds for a stadium in NY
1903 - Norwegian parliament votes unanimiously for female suffrage
1905 - French Assembly National votes for separation of church & state
1905 - Richard Strauss' opera "Salome" premiers in Dresden
1906 - NY American reports Belgian King Leopold II bribed US Senate commission on the Congo
1907 - First Christmas Seals sold (Wilmington, Delaware, post office)
1907 - Gustav Mahler departs Vienna
1908 - The German Reichstag adopts a progressive social law restricting hours of factory work by young people and women
1909 - 1st US monoplane flown (Henry W Walden, Long Island, NY)
1910 - French troops occupy Morrocan harbor city Agadir
1913 - Heavyweight Jack Johnson-Jim Johnson fight to no decision in Paris
1913 - John K Tener becomes president of baseball's National League
1917 - British forces under General Allenby capture Jerusalem
1918 - French troops occupies Mainz
1922 - Gabriel Narutowicz elected Polish president
1924 - Netherlands & Hungary trade treaty signed
1924 - Michael Hainisch re-elected Austrian president
1925 - AL extends Ban Johnson's contract to 1935 & raise to $40,000
1925 - Pro football a hit in NYC; Grange & Bears beat Giants before 73,000
1926 - USGA leagalizes steel shaft golf clubs
1931 - Benn W Levy's "Springtime for Henry" premieres in NYC
1931 - Japanese army attacks Chinese province of Jehol
1931 - Spain becomes a republic
1931 - Baseball cuts squad from 25 to 23 players & NL continues to prohibit uniform numbers
1933 - 21st CFL Grey Cup: Toronto Argonauts defeats Sarnia Imperials, 4-3
1933 - Romania prohibits fascist Iron Guard
1934 - NY Giants defeat Chicago Bears 30-13 for NFL championship
1935 - Walter Liggett American newspaper editor and muckraker killed in gangland murder.
1936 - AL OKs night baseball for St Louis
Cricket Legend Donald BradmanCricket Legend Donald Bradman 1936 - Australia all out 58 v England, Bradman out for a duck
1939 - 27th Grey Cup: Winnipeg Blue Bombers defeats Ottawa Rough Riders, 8-7
1939 - Russian air raid on Helsinki
1940 - British assault on Banghazi, Libya: first major allied offensive in North Africa
1940 - Illeagal Jewish immigrants to Haifa are deported to Mauritius
1940 - South Australia all out for 47 v NSW, O'Reilly 5-11
1941 - 1st US WW II bombing mission in Far East, Luzon, Philippines
1941 - 300 Montgomery, SF opens as new Bank of America HQ
1941 - 7th Heisman Trophy Award: Bruce Smith, Minnesota (HB)
1941 - China declares war on Japan, Germany & Italy
1941 - Citizen Register reports "Hostile planes reported nearing Westchester"
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf HitlerDictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler 1941 - Hitler orders US ships are to be torpedoed
1948 - UN General Assembly unanimously approves Convention on Genocide
1949 - Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts Indonesian sovereignty
1949 - NFL merges Cleveland Browns, SF '49ers & Balt Colts from AAFC
1951 - West German voters approve merger of 3 states to form Baden-Wurttemberg
1953 - General Electric announces all Communist employees will be fired
1953 - Mont Canadiens (106) & Toronto Maple Leafs (98) get 204 penalty mins
1954 - Dmitri Shostakovitch appointed honored guest of Royal Swedish Academy of Music
1957 - 1st Japanese ambassador to Israel
1958 - Robert H W Welch Jr & 11 other men meet in Indianapolis to form anti-Communist John Birch Society
1960 - 1st broadcast of "Coronation Street" on British ITV
1961 - "From the Second City" closes at Royale Theater NYC after 87 perfs
1961 - "Let It Ride" closes at Eugene O'Neill Theater NYC after 68 perfs
1961 - SS-Obersturmbannführer (lieutenant colonel) Adolf Eichmann found guilty of war crimes in Israel
1961 - Tanganyika gains independence from Britain, takes name Tanzania
NBA Legend Wilt ChamberlainNBA Legend Wilt Chamberlain 1961 - Wilt Chamberlain of NBA Phila Warriors scores 67 points vs NY
1962 - "I Can Get It For You Wholesale" closes on Broadway
1962 - Tanganyika becomes a republic within British Commonwealth
1963 - Frank Sinatra Jr is kidnapped
1965 - "A Charlie Brown Christmas" premieres
1965 - Frank Robinson is traded from Cincinnati to the Orioles
1965 - Nikolai Podgorny replaces Anastas Mikoyan as president of Soviet Praesidium
1967 - Jim Morrison arrested on stage for disturbing the peace
1967 - Nicolae Ceaușescu becomes President (dictator) of Romania; overthrown in 1989
Rocker Jim MorrisonRocker Jim Morrison 1968 - KRNE TV channel 12 in Merriman, NB (PBS) begins broadcasting
1968 - NLS (a system for which hypertext and the computer mouse were developed) is publicly demonstrated for the first time in San Francisco.

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 210

1392 - Peter, Prince/Regent of Portugal/writer (Virtuosa benfeitoria)
1447 - Chenghua, Emperor of China (d. 1487)
1561 - Edwin Sandys, a founder of Virginia colony
1571 - Adrian A Metius, Dutch mathematician/fort architect
1579 - Martinus de Porres, Peruvian saint (patron of social justice) (d. 1639)
1581 - Emilia Secunda Antwerpiana, daughter of Willem of Orange
1594 - Gustavus II Adolphus, king who made Sweden a major power (1611-32)
Poet John MiltonPoet John Milton (1608) 1608 - John Milton, London, poet/puritan (Paradise Lost), (d. 1674)
1610 - Baldassare Ferri, Italian castrato (d. 1680)
1652 - Augustus Quirinus Rivinus, German physician (d. 1723)
1667 - William Whiston, English mathematician (d. 1752)
1715 - Georg Gottfried Petri, composer
1717 - Johann J Winckelmann, German archaeologist (History of Ancient Art)
1728 - Pietro Alessandro Guglieli, composer
1742 - Carl W Scheele, Swedish pharmacist/chemist (lemon acid)
1748 - Claude Louis Berthollet, French chemist (d. 1822)
1751 - Maria Luisa of Parma, queen of Charles IV of Spain (d. 1819)
1754 - Etienne Ozi, composer
1787 - John Dobson, English architect (d. 1865)
1791 - Peter Joseph von Lindpaintner, composer
1796 - Prudent-Louis Aubery du Boulley, composer
1806 - Jean-Olivier Chénier, French Canadian physician and Patriote (d. 1838)
1837 - Émile Waldteufel, French composer (d. 1915)
1842 - Pjotr A Kopotkin, Russian ruler/anarchist
1847 - George Grossmith, English actor/writer (d. 1912)
1848 - Joel Chandler Harris, US journalist (created Uncle Remus stories)
1850 - Emma Abbott, American soprano (d. 1891)
1853 - Charles "Old Hoss" Radbourn, Rochester NY, pitcher (60-12 in 1884)
1854 - Pekka Hannikainen, composer
1859 - Algernon Ashton, composer
1862 - Karel Kovarovic, composer
1864 - Sidney Homer, composer
1868 - Fritz Haber, German phycist-chemist (Nobel 1919)
1871 - Joe Kelley, American baseball player (d. 1943)
1873 - Antoine Pompe, Belgian architect
1876 - Berton Churchill, American actor (d. 1940)
1882 - Joaquín Turina, Seville Spain, composer (Rima)
1883 - Alexander Papagos, Greek fieldmarshal/supreme commander
1883 - Nikolai Luzin, Russian mathematician (d. 1950)
1886 - Clarence Birdseye, frozen vegatable king (Birdseye)
1887 - Tim Moore, American actor and vaudevillian (d. 1958)
1889 - John P "Hannes" Kolehmainen, Finnish long-distance runner (Olympic gold 1912)
1891 - Maksim Bahdanovič, Belarusian poet (d. 1917)
1894 - Eddie Dowling, Woonsocket RI, actor (Anywhere USA)
1895 - Conchita Supervía, Spanish opera singer (d. 1936)
1897 - Hermione Gingold, London England, actress (Gigi, Music Man)
1898 - Emmett Kelly, Sedan KS, circus clown (Weary Willie)
1899 - Frans van Amelsvoort, Dutch choir conductor
1899 - Howard Freeman, Helena MT, actor (Double Dynamite)
1899 - Jean de Brunhoff, France, children's book author (Babar the Elephant)
1899 - Leonie Fuller Adams, US poetess (Those not elected)
1900 - Albert Weisbord, American labor organizer (d. 1977)
1901 - Carol Dempster, American actress (d. 1991)
1901 - Ödön von Horváth, Hungarian-born writer (d. 1938)
1901 - Jean Mermoz, French pilot (d. 1936)
Actress Margaret HamiltonActress Margaret Hamilton (1902) 1902 - Margaret Hamilton, Cleveland Ohio, actress (Wicked Witch-Wizard of Oz)
1902 - Richard A Butler, England, Dutch min of Finance/Foreign affairs
1904 - Roger Wolcott Sperry, physicist
1904 - Robert Livingston, American actor (d. 1988)
1905 - Dalton Trumbo, US, writer/film director (Johnny Got His Gun)
1906 - Freddy Martin, Cleve Oh, orchestra leader (started Merv Griffin)
1906 - Grace Murray Hopper, computer innovator
1906 - Greet Koeman, Dutch singer
1907 - Noel Walton Bott, engineer
1909 - Douglas Fairbanks Jr, NYC, actor (Ghost Story)
1910 - Dick Elffers, Dutch graphic artist/painter (Holland Festival)
1910 - Stephen Jurika Jr, US pilot/capt (WW II, Santa Cruz, Navy Cross)
1911 - Broderick Crawford, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, American actor (All the King's Men, Highway Patrol)
1911 - Ryūzō Sejima, Japanese educator (d. 2007)
1912 - Fred Engelen, Flemish actor/director [or Dec 12]
1912 - Thomas P "Tip" O'Neill, (Rep-D-Mass 1977-86)/Speaker of the House
1914 - Frances Reid, American actress
1915 - Colin McCool, cricketer (Australian leg-spin all rounder late 40s)
1915 - Elisabeth Schwarzkopf, Jarotschin Germ, soprano (Der Rosenkavalier)
1915 - Herbert Huncke, writer
1916 - Wolfgang Hildesheimer, German/Swiss architect/writer (Mozart biog)
Actor Kirk DouglasActor Kirk Douglas (1916) 1916 - Kirk Douglas, [Issur Danielovitch], Amsterdam, New York, American actor (Gunfight at OK Corral)
1917 - James Angleton, head of counterintelligence for the CIA (d. 1987)
1917 - James Rainwater, American physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1986)
1918 - Jerome Beatty Jr., American author
1919 - William Lipscomb, American chemist, Nobel laureate
1920 - Carlo Azeglio Ciampi, President of the Italian Republic
1922 - Redd Foxx, St Louis Mo, comedian (Sandford & Son, Redd Foxx Show)
1925 - Dina Merrill, NYC, actress (Operation Petticoat, Butterfield 8)
1926 - Henry Way Kendall, American physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1999)
1926 - Jan Křesadlo, Czech writer (d. 1995)
1927 - Pierre Henry, composer
1928 - Dick Van Patten, Queens NY, actor (Tom Bradford-8 is Enough)
1928 - André Milhoux, Belgian racing driver
23rd Australian Prime Minister Bob Hawke23rd Australian Prime Minister Bob Hawke (1929) 1929 - Bob Hawke, Bordertown, South Australia, 23rd Australian Prime Minister (1983-91) and Leader of the Labor Party
1929 - John Cassavetes, NYC, actor (Dirty Dozen, Rosemary's Baby)
1929 - Michel Fano, composer
1929 - Robert J L Hawke, (Lab), PM Australia (1983-91)
1930 - Buck Henry, NYC, screenwriter/comedian (SNL, Get Smart)
1931 - William Reynolds, American actor
1931 - Ladislav Smoljak, Czech actor
1932 - Jessie "Ooh Poo Pah Doo" Hill, jazz musician
1933 - Milt Campbell, Plainfield NJ, hurdler/decathlete (Olympics-gold-56), (d. 2012)
1933 - Orville Moody, Chickasha OK, PGA golfer (1969 US Open)
1934 - Al Kaline, Baltimore Md, baseball outfielder (Detroit Tigers)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 7 of 7

Poet Rabindranath TagorePoet Rabindranath Tagore (1883) 1883 - Poet Rabindranath Tagore (22) weds Mrinalini Devi in an arranged marriage
1956 - NBA player Bill Russell (22) weds college sweetheart Rose Swisher
1967 - Lyndon B. Johnson's daughter Lynda marries in the White House
1989 - "Baywatch" actor David Hasselhoff (37) weds actress Pamela Bach (26) at the Little Brown Church in Studio City, California
2005 - "Bourne" actor Matt Damon (35) weds Argentine-born Luciana Barrosa (29) at the Manhattan Marriage Bureau near New York City Hall
2006 - "The Office" actress Lucy Davis (33) weds actor Owain Yeoman (28) at St. Paul's Cathedral in London
Singer-Songwriter Sinead O'ConnorSinger-Songwriter Sinead O'Connor (2011) 2011 - "Nothing Compares 2 U" singer Sinead O'Connor (45) weds Irish therapist Barry Herridge (38) at the Little White Chapel in Las Vegas

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 2 of 2

Writer and Political Commentator Walter LippmannWriter and Political Commentator Walter Lippmann (1937) 1937 - Writer Walter Lippmann (48) divorces first wife Faye Albertson after 20 years of marriage
1982 - Mary-Beth & William Hurt divorce

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 119

1165 - Malcom IV, King of Scots (1153-65), dies at 24
1292 - Sa'di, great Persian poet (Orchard, Rose Garden), dies
1437 - Sigismund, German Emperor/king of Hungary/Bohemia, dies at 70
1544 - Teofilo Folengo, Italian poet (b. 1491)
1565 - Pius IV, [Gianangelo de' Medici], Italian Pope (1559-65), dies at 66
1603 - William Watson, English conspirator (b. 1559)
1625 - Ubbo Emmius, [van Embden], Frisian humanist/historian, dies at 78
1636 - Giovanni B Aleotti, Ital writer/theater architect, dies at about 90
1636 - Fabian Birkowski, Polish writer (b. 1566)
1640 - Pierre Fourier, Roman Catholic saint and French priest (b.1565)
1641 - Anthonie "Antoon" van Dyck, Flemish painter, dies at 42
1669 - Clement IX, [Giulio Rospigliosi], Ital Pope (1667-69), dies
1674 - Edward Hyde 1st earl of Clarendon, English PM (1660-67), dies at 65
1692 - William Mountfort, English actor and dramatist
1706 - Pedro II, king of Portugal (1683-1706), dies at 58
1718 - Vincenzo Coronelli, Italian cartographer and encylopaedist (b. 1650)
1767 - Benedetto Alfieri, Italian architect (San Giovanni Battista), dies
1770 - Gottlieb Theophil Muffat, composer, dies at 80
1793 - Gabrielle de Polastron, comtesse de Polignac, French aristocrat (b. 1749)
1798 - Johann Reinhold Forster, German botanist (b. 1729)
1814 - Jose Angel Lamas, composer, dies at 39
1819 - Ann C Coleman, fiancee of pres Buchanan, commits suicide
1827 - Francois Leonard Rouwyzer, composer, dies at 90
1830 - Heinrich Christian Friedrich Schumacher, Danish surgeon, botanist and professor of anatomy (b. 1757)
1854 - Almeida Garrett, Portuguese writer (b. 1799)
1858 - Robert Baldwin, Canadian politician (b. 1804)
1887 - Mahmadu Lamine, Senegalese marabout and military leader
1893 - George Elvey, composer, dies at 77
1905 - Henry Holmes, composer, dies at 66
1916 - P Paul Leroy-Beaulieu, French economist (Economist France), dies at 73
1916 - Natsume Sōseki, Japanese novelist (b. 1867)
1924 - Bernard Zweers, Dutch composer (Gisbertus of Aemstel), dies at 70
1925 - Eugene Gigout, composer, dies at 81
1929 - Willis Cuttell, cricketer (two Tests England v South Africa 1899), dies
1930 - Jim Slight, cricketer (represented Australia at Oval 1880), dies
1933 - Morice Bird, cricketer (scored 280 runs in 10 Tests for England), dies
1935 - Walter Liggett, American crusading newspaper editor and muckraker (b. 1886)
1937 - Nils Gustaf Dalén, Swedish physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1869)
1940 - Maletti, Italian general, dies in battle
1941 - Leonard "Leo" Polak, Dutch philosopher, dies in Sachsenhausen at 61
1941 - Dmitry Merezhkovsky, Russian writer and philosopher (b. 1865)
1944 - Laird Cregar, actor (Charley's Aunt, Hangover Square), dies at 28
1948 - Sir Timothy O'Brien, cricketer (Bart 5 Tests England 1884-96), dies
1955 - Hermann Weyl, German mathematician (b. 1885)
1956 - Hans Barth, composer, dies at 59
1957 - Carswell Adams, sportscaster (Your Sports Special), dies
1959 - Walter Compton, news anchor (DuMont Evening News), dies at 47
1964 - Edith L Sitwell, English poet/author (Wheels), dies at 77
1965 - Branch Rickey, American baseball executive (b. 1884)
1966 - Yury Alexandrovich Shaporin, composer, dies at 79
1967 - Charles Léon Hammes, Luxembourgian lawyer and President of the European Court of Justice (b. 1898)
1970 - Artem Mikoyan, Russian aircraft designer (MIG), dies at 65
1970 - Sir Feroz Khan Noon, Prime Minister of Pakistan (b. 1893)
Diplomat and Nobel Laureate Ralph BuncheDiplomat and Nobel Laureate Ralph Bunche (1971) 1971 - Ralph Bunche, UN delegate/Nobel Prize winner, dies at 67
1971 - Sergey Konenkov, Russian sculptor (b. 1874)
1972 - Louella Parsons, American gossip columnist (b. 1881)
1974 - George Carew, cricketer (4 Tests for WI between 1935 & 1949), dies
1974 - Jorge Croner de Vasconcelos, composer, dies at 64
1975 - William A Wellman, US director (Ox Bow Incident), dies at 79
1976 - Nino Martini, actor (Here's to Romance), dies at 71
1977 - Clarice Lispector, writer, dies
1979 - Fulton J Sheen, archbishop/religious broadcaster, dies in NYC at 84
1981 - Tonny Til, rocker, dies at 56
1981 - Daniel Faulkner, Philadelphia police officer (b. 1955)
1982 - Fritz Usinger, German writer (Song against Death), dies at 87
1982 - Joey Forman, actor (Sid Caesar Show, Joey Bishop Show), dies at 53
1982 - Leon Jaworski, special prosecutor (Watergate), dies at 77
1982 - Marty Robbins, country singer, dies
1982 - Paul Godwin, [Goldfein], Polish/Dutch violist, dies at 80
1982 - Roger Danneels, Flemish accordionist, dies at 55
1983 - David Rounds, actor (Terence-Beacon Hill), dies at 53
1984 - Razzle, English drummer (Hanoi Rocks) (b. 1960)
1990 - Mike Mazurski, wrestler/actor (Centerfold Girls), dies at 80
1992 - Carl Barger, baseball pres (Pittsburgh Pirates, Fla Marlins), dies at 62
1992 - Vincent Gardenia, actor (All in the Family, LA Law), dies at 71
1993 - Danny Blanchflower, North Ireland soccer/union coach, dies at 67
1993 - Muhammad Reza Golpayegani, ayatollah of Iran, dies
1994 - Garnet Silk, Jamaican raggae-singer, dies at 28
1994 - Kim II Sung, pres of North Korea (1945-94), dies at 82
1994 - Maureen Cox Starkey, ex-wife of Ringo, dies of Leukemia at 48
1994 - Max Bill, Swiss painter/sculptor/politician, dies at 85
1995 - Benny Lee, entertainer, dies at 84
1995 - Douglas "Wrong Way" Corrigan (aviator), dies
1995 - Hugh Armstrong Clegg, industrial relations academic, dies at 75
1995 - Toni Cade Bambara, filmmaker, dies at 56
1995 - Vitali Viktorovich Savitsky, biologist/politician, dies at 40
1995 - Vivian Blaine, actress (Guys & Dolls), dies of heart failure at 74
1996 - Alain Emile Louis Marie Poher, politician, dies at 87
1996 - Alain Poher, French pres of European Parliament (1966-69), dies
1996 - Anne Bolt, photo-journalist/trade unionist, dies at 84
1996 - Faron Young, country singer, commits suicide at 64
1996 - Ivor Roberts-Jones, sculptor, dies at 83
1996 - Mary Douglas Nicol Leakey, archaeologist/anthropologist, dies at 83
1996 - Raphael Samuel, historian, dies at 32
1996 - Patty Donahue, American singer (The Waitresses) (b. 1956)
1997 - Tamara Geva, dancer, dies at 91
1998 - Shaughnessy Cohen, Canadian politician (b. 1948)
Boxing Champ Archie MooreBoxing Champ Archie Moore (1998) 1998 - Archie Moore, American boxer, dies at 81
2001 - Michael Carver, British soldier (b. 1915)
2002 - Mary Hansen, Australian guitarist and singer (Stereolab) (b. 1966)

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