This Day in History for 1st February

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 268

772 - Adrian I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
1327 - Teenaged Edward III is crowned King of England, but the country is ruled by his mother Queen Isabella and her lover Roger Mortimer.
1539 - Emperor Karel & King Francois I sign anti-English treaty
1587 - Queen Elizabeth I of England signs death warrant for Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots
1662 - Dutch garrison on Formosa surrenders to Chinese pirates
1669 - French King Louis XIV limits freedom of religion
1713 - The Kalabalik or Tumult in Bendery results from the Ottoman sultan's order that his unwelcome guest, King Charles XII of Sweden, be seized.
1717 - Henri d'Aguesseau's 1st appointment as chancellor of France
1720 - Sweden and Prussia sign peace treaty
1732 - Parliament of Ratisborn accept Pragmatic Sanctions
The Sun King of France Louis XIVThe Sun King of France Louis XIV 1742 - Sardinia and Austria sign alliance
1783 - William Herschel announces star Lambda Herculis as apex
1788 - 1st US steamboat patent issued, by Georgia to Briggs & Longstreet
1789 - Chinese troops driven out of Vietnam capital Thang Long
1790 - Supreme Court convenes for 1st time (NYC)
1793 - France declares war on Great Britain and Netherlands
1793 - Patent granted Ralph Hodgson, NY, for oiled silk & linen
1796 - The capital of Upper Canada is moved from Newark to York.
1809 - Dutch King Louis Napoleon accepts metric system
1810 - 1st insurance co managed by blacks (American Insurance Co of Phila)
1810 - Seville, Spain surrenders to French
1810 - US Population: 7,239,881, Black population: 1,377,808 (19%)
1814 - Lord Byron's "Corsair" sells 10,000 copies on day of publication
1814 - Volcano Mayon on Luzon Philippines erupts killing 1,200
1840 - Baltimore College of Dental Surgery, 1st in US, incorporated
1846 - Theophile Gautier publishes "Hashish Club" about his initiation
1856 - Auburn University is chartered as the East Alabama Male College.
1860 - 1st rabbi to open House of Representatives, Morris Raphall of NYC
1861 - Dike breaks in Gelderland, Netherlands
1861 - Texas secedes from the Union (US Civil War)
1862 - Julia Howe publishes "Battle Hymn of Republic"
1864 - -Feb 8th] Battle of Yazoo River, MS
1864 - 2nd German-Danish war begins
1864 - Austrian and Prussian troops occupy Schleswig-Holstein
1865 - 13th amendment approved (National Freedom Day)
Union General William Tecumseh ShermanUnion General William Tecumseh Sherman 1865 - General Sherman's march through South Carolina begins
1865 - JS Rock, 1st black lawyer to practice in Supreme Ct, admitted to bar
1867 - Bricklayers start working 8-hour days
1871 - Jefferson Long of Georgia is 1st black to make an official speech in House of Reps (opposing leniency to former Confederates)
1880 - The first edition of theatrical newspaper The Stage is published.
1881 - US Assay Office in St Louis, Missouri authorized
1883 - French lt-col Gustave Borgnis-Desbordes reaches Bamako on the Niger
1884 - 1st volume of the Oxford English Dictionary, A-Ant, published
1887 - Harvey Wilcox of Ks subdivides 120 acres he owned in Southern California & starts selling it off as a real estate development (Hollywood)
1892 - Mrs William Astor invites 400 guests to a grand ball at her mansion thus beginning use of "400" to describe socially elite
1893 - Puccini's Opera "Manon Lescaut," premieres in Turin
Inventor Thomas EdisonInventor Thomas Edison 1893 - Thomas Edison complete's worlds 1st movie studio (West Orange NJ)
1896 - Giacomo Puccini's Opera "La Boheme," premieres in Turin
1897 - Shinhan Bank, the oldest bank in South Korea, opens in Seoul.
1898 - 1st auto insurance policy in US issued, by Travelers Insurance Co
1902 - China's empress Tzu-hsi forbids binding woman's feet
1902 - Hermann Sudermanns "Es lebe das Leben," premieres in Berlin
1902 - US Secretary of State Hay protests granting Russia exclusive privileges in China, on ground that it runs contrary to the 'open door' policy granting all nations equal rights there
Composer Giacomo PucciniComposer Giacomo Puccini 1905 - Hague soccer team ADO froms
1905 - Hungarian premier Count István Tisza resigns
1906 - 1st federal penitentiary building completed, Leavenworth, Kansas
1906 - Dorothy Grey, wife of British Foreign Secretary Edward Grey fatally injured
1908 - King Carlos I of Portugal and his hier, Prince Luis Filipe are assassinated by Republican sympathisers in Terreiro do Paco, Lisbon.
1909 - US Assay Office in Salt Lake City, Utah opens
1909 - US forces withdraw from Cuba after liberal Jose Miguel Gomez becomes president; ensuing political instability will bring a threat of US intervention in 1912
1910 - 1st British labour exchange opens
1910 - Dragoumis government forms in Greece
1914 - NY Giants & Chicago White Sox play an exhibition baseball game in Egypt
1914 - Pennsylvania State Board of [motion picture] censors appointed
1914 - Tanganyika Railway opens
1917 - German Admiral Tirpitz announces unlimited submarine war
1918 - Franz Lehars opera "Wo die Lerche singt," premieres in Budapest
1918 - Kern, Bolton & Wodehouse's musical premieres in NYC
1918 - Russia adopts Gregorian calender (becomes Feb 14)
1919 - Dodgers trade Jake Daubert to Reds for Tommy Griffith Daubert
1920 - 1st commercial armored car introduced (St Paul Minn)
1920 - Soccer team Quick Boys forms
1920 - Royal Canadian Mounted Police forms as Royal Northwest Mounted Police merge with Dominion Police
1923 - Allied ultimatum on Lithuanian occupation of Memel
Italian Dictator Benito MussoliniItalian Dictator Benito Mussolini 1923 - Fascists Voluntary Militia forms in Italy under Benito Mussolini
1923 - Noel Coward's "Young Idea," premieres in London
1924 - Amsterdam's Netherlands Press Museum opens
1924 - Ramsay MacDonald's incoming Labour government formally recognizes the Soviet Union
1924 - Soccer team VSV Tonido forms in Voorburg
1925 - 1st national conference of KPD's Rotfrontkämpferbund in Berlin
1926 - Kirghiz Autonomous Region in RSFSR becomes Kirghiz ASSR
1926 - Land at Broadway & Wall Street sold at a record $7 per sq inch
1929 - 1st clean & jerk of 400 lbs (182 kg), Charles Rigoulet, 402½ lbs
1930 - Arnold Schönbergs opera, Von heute auf Morgen premieres in Frankfurt
Cricket Legend Donald BradmanCricket Legend Donald Bradman 1932 - Bradman makes 299* vs South Africa, runs out partner going for 300th
1933 - Colonial government arrests Anton de Kom in Paramaribo Suriname
1933 - Dutch bishops forbid membership of non-catholic unions
1933 - German Parliament disolves, Gen Ludendorf predicts catastrophe
1934 - Austrian Chancellor Dollfuss dissolves all political parties but his
1935 - 1st "March of Time" newsreel premieres at the Capitol
1935 - James T Farrell finishes his "Studs Lonigan" trilogy
1937 - Stapleton, Staten Island becomes a customs-free port
1940 - Russia begins new offensive against Finland
1940 - NBC performs the first inter-city television broadcast from its station in New York City to another in Schenectady, New York by General Electric relay antennas.
1941 - US female Figure Skating championship won by Jane Vaughn
1941 - US male Figure Skating championship won by Eugene Turner
1942 - 2nd Norwegian government of Quisling forms
1943 - German occupiers make Vidkun Quisling Norwegian premier
1943 - Mussert forms pro-Nazi shadow cabinet in Netherlands
1944 - Supreme Soviet enlarges soviet republics' autonomy

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 275

1261 - Walter de Stapledon, English bishop (d. 1326)
1459 - Conrad Celtes, German scholar (d. 1508)
1462 - Johannes Trithemius, German cryptographer (d. 1516)
1552 - Edward Coke, Mileham Norfolk, jurist/politician (defended common law)
1603 - Michael Trumper, composer
1605 - Isaac Aboab de Fonseca, Portuguese/Neth rabbi/mystic
1633 - Gabriel Schutz, composer
1635 - Marquard Gude, German archaeologist (d. 1689)
1659 - Jacob Roggeveen, Dutch Swiss lawyer/navigator (Easter Island)
1663 - Mother Ignacia del Espiritu Santo, foundress (d. 1748)
1669 - Miguel Lopez, composer
1673 - Alessandro Marcello, Venice Italy, composer
1690 - Francesco Maria Veracini, Italian opera composer
1710 - Konrad E Ackermann, German actor (Die Oberpfalz)
1757 - John P Kemble, England, actor/director (Drury Lane, Covent Garden)
1761 - Christian Hendrik Persoon, South African mycologist (d. 1836)
1763 - Thomas Campbell, founder (Church of Disciples in America)
1789 - Hippolyte-Andre-Baptiste Chelard, composer
1791 - Charles J Sax, Belgian music instrument builder
1796 - Abraham Emanuel Fröhlich, Swiss poet (d. 1865)
1801 - Adolf Fredrik Lindblad, composer
1801 - Thomas Cole, US, romantic landscape painter (Hudson River School)
1801 - Émile Littré, French lexicographer (d. 1881)
1805 - Auguste Blanqui, France, revolutionary (workers' leader)
1807 - William Bowen Campbell, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1867
1810 - Charles Lenox Remond, Salem Mass, African American orator and abolitionist (d.1873)
1819 - Henry Lawrence Eustis, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1885
1820 - George Hendric Houghton, American Protestant Episcopal clergyman (d. 1897)
1821 - Charles Samvei Bovy-Lysberg, composer
1827 - Alphonse de Rothschild, French banker
1829 - John Potts Slough, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1867
1833 - Henry McNeal Turner, Newberry South Carolina, Minister and politician, 1st African American Methodist Bishop (d.1915)
1839 - James A Herne, [J Aherne], US playwright (Hearts of Oak)
1841 - William H H Davenport, Buffalo, stage medium
1844 - Eduard Adolf Strasburger, German botanist (Angiospermen)
1844 - Granville Stanley Hall, US, psychologist
1851 - Durham Stevens, American diplomat (d. 1908)
1859 - Victor Herbert, Dublin, Ireland, composer (Babes in Toyland, Kiss in Dark)
1869 - Johannes F "Frits" Bakker Sr, actor (Holland Tooneelgezelschap)
1872 - Paul Fort, French poet/founder of Vers et Prose
1872 - Jerome F. Donovan, American politician (d. 1949)
1872 - Andrew Kehoe, American mass murderer (d. 1927)
1873 - Clara Butt, Southwick Sussex, contralto (Country of Hope & Glory)
1873 - Joseph Allard, Canadian fiddler (d. 1947)
1873 - John Barry, Irish recipient of the Victoria Cross (d. 1901)
1874 - Hugo von Hofmannsthal, Austria, poet/dramatist/essayist
1875 - Eddie Pola, composer (Lullabye of Broadway)
1877 - Thomas Frederick Dunhill, composer
1878 - Hattie Wyatt Caraway, politician/teacher/1st woman elected to senate
1878 - Milan Hodža, Slovak politician (d. 1944)
1879 - Sydney Baynes, composer
1880 - Antonio Guarnieri, composer
1880 - Francesco Balilla Pratella, composer
1881 - Jose Ignacio Quinton, composer
12th Prime Minister of Canada Louis St. Laurent12th Prime Minister of Canada Louis St. Laurent (1882) 1882 - Louis St. Laurent, Compton Quebec, (L) 12th Canadian PM (1948-57)
1883 - Jevgeni B Vachtangov, Armenian/Russian actor/director (Eric XIV)
1884 - Yevgeny Zamyatin, Russia, novelist/playwright (We)
1885 - Camille Chautemps, premier France
1887 - Dirk Roosenburg, Dutch architect
1887 - Charles Nordhoff, English-born author (d. 1947)
1889 - Gertrude Caton-Thompson, British archaeologist (Zimbabwe, So Arabia)
1892 - K Rudolf Mengelberg, composer/musicologist (Amsterdam Concert Hall)
1894 - James P. Johnson, American pianist and composer (Charleston, If I Could be With You One Hour Tonight)
Film director John FordFilm director John Ford (1895) 1895 - John Ford, Maine, director (Stagecoach, Air Mail, Quiet Man)
1896 - Anastasio "Tacho" Somoza, general/pres of Nicaragua (1937-56)
1897 - Denise Robins, London, romantic novelist (1st Long Kiss)
1900 - Stephen Potter, humorist/writer (School for Scoundrels, Shipbuilders)
1901 - Clark Gable, Cadiz Ohio, American actor (Gone With the Wind)
1902 - Carlo Borbolla, composer
1902 - Langston Hughes, Joplin, Missouri, American poet (Weary Blues) and playwright (Mulatto)
Poet and Playwright Langston HughesPoet and Playwright Langston Hughes (1902) 1902 - Therese Brandl, Nazi concentration camp guard (d. 1947, by execution)
1903 - Georg Rendl, Austria miner/beekeeper/writer (The Bees Novel)
1904 - S J Perelman, Brooklyn, author/humorist (Around the World in 80 Days)
1905 - Ernst Carl Gerlach Stueckelberg, Basel Switzerland, eminent mathematician and physicist
1906 - Hildegarde, Adell Wisc, night club vocalist (I'll Be Seeing You)
1906 - Pierre Cardevielle, French composer/conductor (Amants Captifs)
1907 - Alan Strode Campbell Ross, professor (coined the terms U & non-U)
1907 - Mozart Camargo Guarnieri, São Paulo Brazil, composer/conductor
1907 - John Canaday, art critic (Metropolitan Museum of Art Portfolios)
1908 - Albie Booth, collegiate Hall of Fame football star (Yale)
1908 - Edward Staempfli, composer
1908 - George Pal, Hungarian/US director (When Worlds Collide, Puppetoons)
1909 - George Beverly Shea, Winchester, Ontario, American gospel singer
1909 - Douglas Hall, Governor (Somaliland Protectorate)
1909 - Helen Chandler, Charleston SC, actress (Christopher Strong, Dracula)
1910 - H Stanley Cayzer
1910 - Jahangir Khan, cricketer (father of Majid, Indian player 1932-36)
1910 - Michael Kanin, Rochester NY, director/writer/actor (Woman of the Year)
1913 - Jeffrey Kindersley Quill, Test pilot
1915 - Stanley Matthews, 1st British soccer player to be knighted
1916 - Gordon Hobday, Lord Lieutenant (Nottinghamshire)
1918 - Maurice Laing, life president (John Laing)
Author Muriel SparkAuthor Muriel Spark (1918) 1918 - Muriel Spark, Edinburgh Scotland, novelist (Prime of Miss Jean Brodie)
1920 - Kenneth Bond, former vice-chairman
1921 - Peter Sallis, actor (Tast the Blood of Dracula)
1922 - Bogumil Witalis Andrzejewski, professor of Cushtic Languages
1922 - Clifford McWatt, cricketer (WI wicket-keeper in 6 Tests 1954-55)
1924 - H. Richard Hornberger, American writer (d. 1997)
1924 - Ben Weider, Quebec businessman and author
1926 - Douglas Johnson, historian

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 3 of 3

Author Alexandre DumasAuthor Alexandre Dumas (1840) 1840 - Novelist Alexandre Dumas (37) weds actress Ida Ferrier
1986 - Singer Diana Ross marries Norwegian businessman Arne Naess in Switz
1997 - Retired MLB player Johnny Bench (49) weds stockbroker Elizabeth Benton

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 141

656 - Sigebert III, king of Austrasia, dies at about 25
1204 - Alexius IV Angelus, regent of Byzantium (1203-04), murdered
1248 - Hendrik II, duke of Brabant (1235-48), dies
1294 - Louis II, the Stern, ruler of Upper-Bayern, dies
1328 - Charles IV, the Handsome, King of France (1322-28), dies
1502 - Olivier de la Marche, Flemish writer/poet/governor, dies
1542 - Girolamo Aleandro, Italian Catholic cardinal (b. 1480)
1563 - Menas, Emperor of Ethiopia (died of fever)
1590 - Lawrence Humphrey, English clergyman and educator
1650 - Rene Descartes, philosopher "I think therefore I am", stops thinking
1666 - Sjihab al-Din Sultan C Shah Djahan, mogol of India (Taj-Mahal), dies
1669 - Abandoned child, Huygens friend poet Catharina Questiers, buried at 31
1691 - Alexander VIII, [Pietro Ottoboni], Italian Pope (1689-91), dies at 80
1691 - George Etherege, English stage writer (Love in a Tub), dies at 56
1694 - John L baron van Elderen, 63rd bishop of Liege (1688-94), dies at 73
1718 - Charles Talbot, 1st Duke of Shrewsbury, English politician (b. 1660)
1733 - August II, the Strong, King of Poland (355 children), dies at 62
1734 - John Floyer, English physician and writer (b. 1649)
1743 - Giuseppe Ottavio Pitoni, Italian composer, dies at 85
1747 - Jacobus E J Capitein, Dutch slave/vicar/merchant, dies
1761 - Pierre François Xavier de Charlevoix, French historian (b. 1682)
1768 - Sir Robert Rich, 4th Baronet, British cavalry officer (b. 1685)
1793 - William Wildman Shute Barrington, British statesman (b. 1717)
1795 - Giacomo Insanguine, composer, dies at 66
1818 - Giuseppi Gazzaniga, composer, dies at 74
1824 - Maria Theresia von Paradis, composer, dies at 64
1832 - Ecco Epkema, Dutch classic linguist (Frisian/Old Frisian), dies at 71
1832 - Archibald Murphey, North Carolina politician (b. 1777)
1838 - Abraham de Veer, Dutch gov-gen of Suriname (1822-28), dies at 71
1839 - Giuseppe Valadier, Italian architect/archaeologist, dies at 76
1850 - Edward Baker Lincoln, son of U.S. President Abraham Lincoln
Frankenstein Author Mary ShelleyFrankenstein Author Mary Shelley (1851) 1851 - Mary Shelley, novelist (Frankenstein), dies of a brain tumour at 53
1869 - Frederik W Conrad, hydraulic engineer/railway pioneer, dies at 68
1871 - Alexander Nikoleyevich Serov, composer, dies at 51
1873 - Matthew Maury, hydrographer, dies
1875 - William Sterndale Bennett, composer, dies at 58
1877 - Joseph-Leon Gatayes, composer, dies at 71
1878 - George Cruikshank, English illustrator (Grimm), dies at 85
1883 - Pavel Melnikov, Russian historian/author, dies
1889 - Joseph Gungl, composer, dies at 78
1893 - George Henry Sanderson, Mayor of San Francisco (b. 1824)
1897 - Constantin von Ettingshausen, Austrian geologist (b. 1826)
1902 - Salomon Jaoassohn, composer, dies at 70
1903 - George G Stokes, British physicist/pres Royal Society, dies at 83
1904 - Peter PM Alberdingk Thijm, Dutch historian/writer, dies at 76
1905 - Oswald Aschenbach, German painter, dies at 77
1908 - Carlos I, King of Portugal (1889-1908), assassinated by Republican sympathisers at 44
1910 - Otto Julius Bierbaum, German writer (Irrgarten Der Liebe), dies at 44
1916 - Anton Simon, composer, dies at 65
1922 - William Desmond Taylor, director/actor (Broken Coin), dies at 49
1928 - Hughie Jennings, American baseball player and manager (b. 1869)
1929 - August Otto Halm, composer, dies at 59
1936 - Georgios Kondylis, general of the Greek army and Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1878)
1937 - Marguerite Audoux, writer, dies
1940 - Philip Francis Nowlan, science fiction writer, creator of Buck Rogers character (b. 1888)
1944 - Martin Lunssens, composer, dies at 72
Abstract Painter Piet MondrianAbstract Painter Piet Mondrian (1944) 1944 - Piet Mondrian, abstract painter (Composition in Blue), dies at 71
1945 - Johan Huizinga, Dutch culture historian (Homo Ludens), dies at 72
1946 - Hans Betghe, writer, dies at 70
1949 - Herbert Stothart, composer, dies at 63
1954 - Julius P Hoste, Belgium minister/newspaper publisher, dies at 69
1957 - Friedrich von Paulus, German field marshall (Stalingrad), dies at 66
1958 - Clinton Joseph Davisson, dies
1959 - Madame Sul-To-Wan, [Conley], actress (Birth of a Nation), dies at 85
1963 - Fleetwood Lindley, the last living person to see Abraham Lincoln's face (b. 1888)
1966 - Buster Keaton, [Joseph Francis], US comic (General), dies at 69
1966 - Hedda Hopper, [Elda Furry], US gossip columnist, dies at 75
1966 - Nicholas Piantanida, sets balloon flight record & dies in descent
1966 - William Harrigan, actor (Invisible Man, Girl in 419), dies at 71
1967 - Ernie Bromley, cricketer (2 Tests for Australia 1933-34), dies
1968 - Lawson Little, amateur golfer (US/Brit Opens 1934,35), dies at 57
1970 - Blaz Arnic, composer, dies at 69
1970 - Alfréd Rényi, Hungarian mathematician (b. 1921)
1971 - Jim A J Christy, cricket (10 Tests for S Af, 638 runs at 34 33), dies
1974 - Lynda Ann Healy, 1st Bundy murder victim, abducted in Seattle
1975 - Richard Wattis, actor (Dick & Duchess, Liberace), dies at 62
1976 - Edgar Pangborn, sci-fi author (Judgment of Eve, Davy), dies at 66
1976 - Werner C Heisenberg, physicist (Nobel 1932, field theory), dies at 74
1976 - George Whipple, American scientist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1878)
1977 - Edmond [Moore] Hamilton, US, sci-fi author (Danger Planet), dies at 72
1979 - Mort Marshall, actor (Cully-Dumplings), dies at 60
1980 - Jack Bailey, TV host (Queen for a Day), dies at 72
1980 - Romolo Valli, actor (Boom, La Viaccia), dies at 54
1980 - Gastone Nencini, Italian cyclist (b. 1930)
1981 - Donald W Douglas, US aviation pionieer/builder, dies at 88
1981 - Ernst Pepping, composer, dies at 79
1981 - Nils Geirr Tveitt, composer, dies at 72
1981 - Wanda Hendrix, actress (Sierra, Ride the Pink Horse), dies
1983 - Tullio Campagnolo, Italian bicycle manufacturer, dies
1986 - Alva Myrdal, Swedish Nobel peace prize winner (1982), dies at 84
1986 - Dick James, Beatles' music publisher (1962-70), dies in London at 58
1986 - Gino Hernandez, American wrestler (b. 1957)
1987 - Erin Westmore, makeup artist (Hollywood Backstage), dies at 82
1987 - Alessandro Blasetti, Italian film director (b. 1900)
1988 - Heather O'Rourke, (Poltergeist) star, dies of intestinal ailment at 12
1988 - Reinder Zwolsman, Dutch businessman, dies at 75
1989 - Elaine de Kooning, American artist (b. 1918)
1991 - Carol Dempster, actress (Sally of Sawdust, America), dies at 89
1991 - H J van Ommeren-Averink, Dutch MP (CPN), dies
1991 - James G MacDonald, cartoon voice (Mickey Mouse), dies at 84

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