This Day in History for 1st February

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 261

772 - Adrian I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
1327 - Teenaged Edward III is crowned King of England, but the country is ruled by his mother Queen Isabella and her lover Roger Mortimer.
1539 - Emperor Karel & King Francois I sign anti-English treaty
1587 - Queen Elizabeth I of England signs death warrant for Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots
1662 - Dutch garrison on Formosa surrenders to Chinese pirates
1669 - French King Louis XIV limits freedom of religion
1709 - Alexander Selkirk [basis of Robinson Crusoe] rescued from Juan Fernandez
1713 - The Kalabalik or Tumult in Bendery results from the Ottoman sultan's order that his unwelcome guest, King Charles XII of Sweden, be seized.
1717 - Henri d'Aguesseau's 1st appointment as chancellor of France
1720 - Sweden and Prussia sign peace treaty
1732 - Parliament of Ratisborn accept Pragmatic Sanctions
1742 - Sardinia and Austria sign alliance
1783 - William Herschel announces star Lambda Herculis as apex
1788 - 1st US steamboat patent issued, by Georgia to Briggs & Longstreet
1789 - Chinese troops driven out of Vietnam capital Thang Long
1790 - Supreme Court convenes for 1st time (NYC)
1793 - France declares war on Great Britain and Netherlands
1793 - Patent granted Ralph Hodgson, NY, for oiled silk & linen
1796 - The capital of Upper Canada is moved from Newark to York.
The Sun King of France Louis XIVThe Sun King of France Louis XIV 1809 - Dutch King Louis Napoleon accepts metric system
1810 - 1st insurance co managed by blacks (American Insurance Co of Phila)
1810 - Seville, Spain surrenders to French
1810 - US Population: 7,239,881, Black population: 1,377,808 (19%)
1814 - Lord Byron's "Corsair" sells 10,000 copies on day of publication
1814 - Volcano Mayon on Luzon Philippines erupts killing 1,200
1840 - Baltimore College of Dental Surgery, 1st in US, incorporated
1846 - Theophile Gautier publishes "Hashish Club" about his initiation
1856 - Auburn University is chartered as the East Alabama Male College.
1860 - 1st rabbi to open House of Representatives, Morris Raphall of NYC
1861 - Dike breaks in Gelderland, Netherlands
1861 - American Civil War: Texas becomes the 7th state to secede from the United States.
1862 - Julia Howe publishes "Battle Hymn of Republic"
1864 - -Feb 8th] Battle of Yazoo River, MS
1864 - 2nd German-Danish war begins
1864 - Austrian and Prussian troops occupy Schleswig-Holstein
1865 - 13th amendment approved (National Freedom Day)
1865 - General Sherman's march through South Carolina begins
1865 - JS Rock, 1st black lawyer to practice in Supreme Ct, admitted to bar
1867 - Bricklayers start working 8-hour days
1871 - Jefferson Long of Georgia is 1st black to make an official speech in House of Reps (opposing leniency to former Confederates)
1880 - The first edition of theatrical newspaper The Stage is published.
1881 - US Assay Office in St Louis, Missouri authorized
1883 - French lt-col Gustave Borgnis-Desbordes reaches Bamako on the Niger
1884 - 1st volume of the Oxford English Dictionary, A-Ant, published
1887 - Harvey Wilcox of Ks subdivides 120 acres he owned in Southern California & starts selling it off as a real estate development (Hollywood)
1892 - Mrs William Astor invites 400 guests to a grand ball at her mansion thus beginning use of "400" to describe socially elite
1893 - Puccini's Opera "Manon Lescaut," premieres in Turin
Inventor Thomas EdisonInventor Thomas Edison 1893 - Thomas Edison complete's worlds 1st movie studio (West Orange NJ)
1896 - Giacomo Puccini's Opera "La Boheme," premieres in Turin
1897 - Shinhan Bank, the oldest bank in South Korea, opens in Seoul.
1898 - 1st auto insurance policy in US issued, by Travelers Insurance Co
1902 - China's empress Tzu-hsi forbids binding woman's feet
1902 - Hermann Sudermanns "Es lebe das Leben," premieres in Berlin
1905 - Hague soccer team ADO froms
1905 - Hungarian premier Tisza resigns
1906 - 1st federal penitentiary building completed, Leavenworth, Kansas
1906 - Dorothy Grey, wife of British Foreign Secretary Edward Grey fatally injured
1908 - King Carlos I of Portugal and his son, Prince Luis Filipe are killed in Terreiro do Paco, Lisbon.
1909 - US Assay Office in Salt Lake City, Utah opens
1910 - 1st British labour exchange opens
1910 - Dragoumis government forms in Greece
1914 - NY Giants & Chicago White Sox play an exhibition baseball game in Egypt
Composer Giacomo PucciniComposer Giacomo Puccini 1914 - Pennsylvania State Board of [motion picture] censors appointed
1914 - Tanganyika Railway opens
1917 - German Admiral Tirpitz announces unlimited submarine war
1918 - Franz Lehars opera "Wo die Lerche singt," premieres in Budapest
1918 - Kern, Bolton & Wodehouse's musical premieres in NYC
1918 - Russia adopts Gregorian calender (becomes Feb 14)
1919 - Dodgers trade Jake Daubert to Reds for Tommy Griffith Daubert
1920 - 1st commercial armored car introduced (St Paul Minn)
1920 - Soccer team Quick Boys forms
1920 - Royal Canadian Mounted Police forms as Royal Northwest Mounted Police merge with Dominion Police
1923 - Allied ultimatum on Lithuanian occupation of Memel
1923 - Fascists Voluntary Militia forms in Italy under Benito Mussolini
1923 - Noel Coward's "Young Idea," premieres in London
1924 - Amsterdam's Netherlands Press Museum opens
1924 - New British MacDonald government recognizes USSR
Italian Dictator Benito MussoliniItalian Dictator Benito Mussolini 1924 - Soccer team VSV Tonido forms in Voorburg
1924 - Soviet Union formally recognized by Britain
1925 - 1st national conference of KPD's Rotfrontkämpferbund in Berlin
1926 - Kirghiz Autonomous Region in RSFSR becomes Kirghiz ASSR
1926 - Land at Broadway & Wall Street sold at a record $7 per sq inch
1929 - 1st clean & jerk of 400 lbs (182 kg), Charles Rigoulet, 402½ lbs
1930 - Arnold Schönbergs opera, Von heute auf Morgen premieres in Frankfurt
1932 - Bradman makes 299* vs South Africa, runs out partner going for 300th
1933 - Colonial government arrests Anton de Kom in Paramaribo Suriname
1933 - Dutch bishops forbid membership of non-catholic unions
1933 - German Parliament disolves, Gen Ludendorf predicts catastrophe
1934 - Austrian Chancellor Dollfuss dissolves all political parties but his
1935 - 1st "March of Time" newsreel premieres at the Capitol
1935 - James T Farrell finishes his "Studs Lonigan" trilogy
1937 - Stapleton, Staten Island becomes a customs-free port
1940 - Russia begins new offensive against Finland
1941 - US female Figure Skating championship won by Jane Vaughn
1941 - US male Figure Skating championship won by Eugene Turner
1942 - 2nd Norwegian government of Quisling forms
1943 - German occupiers make Vidkun Quisling Norwegian premier
1943 - Mussert forms pro-Nazi shadow cabinet in Netherlands
1944 - Supreme Soviet enlarges soviet republics' autonomy
1944 - US 7th Infantry/4th Marine Division lands on Kwajalein/Roi/Namur

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 274

1261 - Walter de Stapledon, English bishop (d. 1326)
1459 - Conrad Celtes, German scholar (d. 1508)
1462 - Johannes Trithemius, German cryptographer (d. 1516)
1552 - Edward Coke, Mileham Norfolk, jurist/politician (defended common law)
1603 - Michael Trumper, composer
1605 - Isaac Aboab de Fonseca, Portuguese/Neth rabbi/mystic
1633 - Gabriel Schutz, composer
1635 - Marquard Gude, German archaeologist (d. 1689)
1659 - Jacob Roggeveen, Dutch Swiss lawyer/navigator (Easter Island)
1663 - Mother Ignacia del Espiritu Santo, foundress (d. 1748)
1669 - Miguel Lopez, composer
1673 - Alessandro Marcello, Venice Italy, composer
1690 - Francesco Maria Veracini, Italian opera composer
1710 - Konrad E Ackermann, German actor (Die Oberpfalz)
1757 - John P Kemble, England, actor/director (Drury Lane, Covent Garden)
1761 - Christian Hendrik Persoon, South African mycologist (d. 1836)
1763 - Thomas Campbell, founder (Church of Disciples in America)
1789 - Hippolyte-Andre-Baptiste Chelard, composer
1791 - Charles J Sax, Belgian music instrument builder
1796 - Abraham Emanuel Fröhlich, Swiss poet (d. 1865)
1801 - Adolf Fredrik Lindblad, composer
1801 - Thomas Cole, US, romantic landscape painter (Hudson River School)
1801 - Émile Littré, French lexicographer (d. 1881)
1805 - Auguste Blanqui, France, revolutionary (workers' leader)
1807 - William Bowen Campbell, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1867
1810 - Charles Lenox Remond, Salem Mass, famous black American orator and abolitionist
1819 - Henry Lawrence Eustis, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1885
1820 - George Hendric Houghton, American Protestant Episcopal clergyman (d. 1897)
1821 - Charles Samvei Bovy-Lysberg, composer
1827 - Alphonse de Rothschild, French banker
1829 - John Potts Slough, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1867
1833 - Henry McNeal Turner, black methodist bishop
1839 - James A Herne, [J Aherne], US playwright (Hearts of Oak)
1841 - William H H Davenport, Buffalo, stage medium
1844 - Eduard Adolf Strasburger, German botanist (Angiospermen)
1844 - Granville Stanley Hall, US, psychologist
1851 - Durham Stevens, American diplomat (d. 1908)
1859 - Victor Herbert, Dublin, Ireland, composer (Babes in Toyland, Kiss in Dark)
1869 - Johannes F "Frits" Bakker Sr, actor (Holland Tooneelgezelschap)
1872 - Paul Fort, French poet/founder of Vers et Prose
1872 - Jerome F. Donovan, American politician (d. 1949)
1872 - Andrew Kehoe, American mass murderer (d. 1927)
1873 - Clara Butt, Southwick Sussex, contralto (Country of Hope & Glory)
1873 - Joseph Allard, Canadian fiddler (d. 1947)
1873 - John Barry, Irish recipient of the Victoria Cross (d. 1901)
1874 - Hugo von Hofmannsthal, Austria, poet/dramatist/essayist
1875 - Eddie Pola, composer (Lullabye of Broadway)
1877 - Thomas Frederick Dunhill, composer
1878 - Hattie Wyatt Caraway, politician/teacher/1st woman elected to senate
1878 - Milan Hodža, Slovak politician (d. 1944)
1879 - Sydney Baynes, composer
1880 - Antonio Guarnieri, composer
1880 - Francesco Balilla Pratella, composer
1881 - Jose Ignacio Quinton, composer
1882 - Louis St Laurent, Compton Quebec, (L) 12th Canadian PM (1948-57)
1883 - Jevgeni B Vachtangov, Armenian/Russian actor/director (Eric XIV)
1884 - Yevgeny Zamyatin, Russia, novelist/playwright (We)
1885 - Camille Chautemps, premier France
1887 - Dirk Roosenburg, Dutch architect
1887 - Charles Nordhoff, English-born author (d. 1947)
1889 - Gertrude Caton-Thompson, British archaeologist (Zimbabwe, So Arabia)
1892 - K Rudolf Mengelberg, composer/musicologist (Amsterdam Concert Hall)
1894 - James P. Johnson, American pianist and composer (Charleston, If I Could be With You One Hour Tonight)
Film director John FordFilm director John Ford (1895) 1895 - John Ford, Maine, director (Stagecoach, Air Mail, Quiet Man)
1896 - Anastasio "Tacho" Somoza, general/pres of Nicaragua (1937-56)
1897 - Denise Robins, London, romantic novelist (1st Long Kiss)
1900 - Stephen Potter, humorist/writer (School for Scoundrels, Shipbuilders)
1901 - Clark Gable, Cadiz Ohio, American actor (Gone With the Wind)
1902 - Carlo Borbolla, composer
1902 - Langston Hughes, Joplin, Missouri, American poet (Weary Blues) and playwright (Mulatto)
1902 - Therese Brandl, Nazi concentration camp guard (d. 1947, by execution)
1903 - Georg Rendl, Austria miner/beekeeper/writer (The Bees Novel)
1904 - S J Perelman, Brooklyn, author/humorist (Around the World in 80 Days)
1905 - Ernst Carl Gerlach Stueckelberg
1906 - Hildegarde, Adell Wisc, night club vocalist (I'll Be Seeing You)
1906 - Pierre Cardevielle, French composer/conductor (Amants Captifs)
1907 - Alan Strode Campbell Ross, professor (coined the terms U & non-U)
1907 - Mozart Camargo Guarnieri, São Paulo Brazil, composer/conductor
Actor Clark GableActor Clark Gable (1901) 1907 - John Canaday, art critic (Metropolitan Museum of Art Portfolios)
1908 - Albie Booth, collegiate Hall of Fame football star (Yale)
1908 - Edward Staempfli, composer
1908 - George Pal, Hungarian/US director (When Worlds Collide, Puppetoons)
1909 - George Beverly Shea, Winchester, Ontario, American gospel singer
1909 - Douglas Hall, Governor (Somaliland Protectorate)
1909 - Helen Chandler, Charleston SC, actress (Christopher Strong, Dracula)
1910 - H Stanley Cayzer
1910 - Jahangir Khan, cricketer (father of Majid, Indian player 1932-36)
1910 - Michael Kanin, Rochester NY, director/writer/actor (Woman of the Year)
1913 - Jeffrey Kindersley Quill, Test pilot
1915 - Stanley Matthews, 1st British soccer player to be knighted
1916 - Gordon Hobday, Lord Lieutenant (Nottinghamshire)
1918 - Maurice Laing, life president (John Laing)
1918 - Muriel Spark, Edinburgh Scotland, novelist (Prime of Miss Jean Brodie)
1920 - Kenneth Bond, former vice-chairman
1921 - Peter Sallis, actor (Tast the Blood of Dracula)
1922 - Bogumil Witalis Andrzejewski, professor of Cushtic Languages
1922 - Clifford McWatt, cricketer (WI wicket-keeper in 6 Tests 1954-55)
1924 - H. Richard Hornberger, American writer (d. 1997)
1924 - Ben Weider, Quebec businessman and author
1926 - Douglas Johnson, historian

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 2 of 2

1840 - Novelist Alexandre Dumas (37) weds actress Ida Ferrier
1986 - Singer Diana Ross marries Norwegian businessman Arne Naess in Switz

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 141

656 - Sigebert III, king of Austrasia, dies at about 25
1204 - Alexius IV Angelus, regent of Byzantium (1203-04), murdered
1248 - Hendrik II, duke of Brabant (1235-48), dies
1294 - Louis II, the Stern, ruler of Upper-Bayern, dies
1328 - Charles IV, the Handsome, King of France (1322-28), dies
1502 - Olivier de la Marche, Flemish writer/poet/governor, dies
1542 - Girolamo Aleandro, Italian Catholic cardinal (b. 1480)
1563 - Menas, Emperor of Ethiopia (died of fever)
1590 - Lawrence Humphrey,English clergyman and educator
1650 - Rene Descartes, philosopher "I think therefore I am", stops thinking
1666 - Sjihab al-Din Sultan C Shah Djahan, mogol of India (Taj-Mahal), dies
1669 - Abandoned child, Huygens friend poet Catharina Questiers, buried at 31
1691 - Alexander VIII, [Pietro Ottoboni], Italian Pope (1689-91), dies at 80
1691 - George Etherege, English stage writer (Love in a Tub), dies at 56
1694 - John L baron van Elderen, 63rd bishop of Liege (1688-94), dies at 73
1718 - Charles Talbot, 1st Duke of Shrewsbury, English politician (b. 1660)
1733 - August II, the Strong, King of Poland (355 children), dies at 62
1734 - John Floyer, English physician and writer (b. 1649)
1743 - Giuseppe Ottavio Pitoni, Italian composer, dies at 85
1747 - Jacobus E J Capitein, Dutch slave/vicar/merchant, dies
1761 - Pierre François Xavier de Charlevoix, French historian (b. 1682)
1768 - Sir Robert Rich, 4th Baronet, British cavalry officer (b. 1685)
1793 - William Wildman Shute Barrington, British statesman (b. 1717)
1795 - Giacomo Insanguine, composer, dies at 66
1818 - Giuseppi Gazzaniga, composer, dies at 74
1824 - Maria Theresia von Paradis, composer, dies at 64
1832 - Ecco Epkema, Dutch classic linguist (Frisian/Old Frisian), dies at 71
1832 - Archibald Murphey, North Carolina politician (b. 1777)
1838 - Abraham de Veer, Dutch gov-gen of Suriname (1822-28), dies at 71
1839 - Giuseppe Valadier, Italian architect/archaeologist, dies at 76
1850 - Edward Baker Lincoln, son of U.S. President Abraham Lincoln
Frankenstein Author Mary ShelleyFrankenstein Author Mary Shelley (1851) 1851 - Mary Shelley, novelist (Frankenstein), dies at 53
1869 - Frederik W Conrad, hydraulic engineer/railway pioneer, dies at 68
1871 - Alexander Nikoleyevich Serov, composer, dies at 51
1873 - Matthew Maury, hydrographer, dies
1875 - William Sterndale Bennett, composer, dies at 58
1877 - Joseph-Leon Gatayes, composer, dies at 71
1878 - George Cruikshank, English illustrator (Grimm), dies at 85
1883 - Pavel Melnikov, Russian historian/author, dies
1889 - Joseph Gungl, composer, dies at 78
1893 - George Henry Sanderson, Mayor of San Francisco (b. 1824)
1897 - Constantin von Ettingshausen, Austrian geologist (b. 1826)
1902 - Salomon Jaoassohn, composer, dies at 70
1903 - George G Stokes, British physicist/pres Royal Society, dies at 83
1904 - Peter PM Alberdingk Thijm, Dutch historian/writer, dies at 76
1905 - Oswald Aschenbach, German painter, dies at 77
1908 - Carlos I, King of Portugal (1889-1908), assassinated by mob at 44
1910 - Otto Julius Bierbaum, German writer (Irrgarten Der Liebe), dies at 44
1916 - Anton Simon, composer, dies at 65
1922 - William Desmond Taylor, director/actor (Broken Coin), dies at 49
1928 - Hughie Jennings, American baseball player and manager (b. 1869)
1929 - August Otto Halm, composer, dies at 59
1936 - Georgios Kondylis, general of the Greek army and Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1878)
1937 - Marguerite Audoux, writer, dies
1940 - Philip Francis Nowlan, science fiction writer, creator of Buck Rogers character (b. 1888)
1944 - Martin Lunssens, composer, dies at 72
Abstract Painter Piet MondrianAbstract Painter Piet Mondrian (1944) 1944 - Piet Mondrian, abstract painter (Composition in Blue), dies at 71
1945 - Johan Huizinga, Dutch culture historian (Homo Ludens), dies at 72
1946 - Hans Betghe, writer, dies at 70
1949 - Herbert Stothart, composer, dies at 63
1954 - Julius P Hoste, Belgium minister/newspaper publisher, dies at 69
1957 - Friedrich von Paulus, German field marshall (Stalingrad), dies at 66
1958 - Clinton Joseph Davisson, dies
1959 - Madame Sul-To-Wan, [Conley], actress (Birth of a Nation), dies at 85
1963 - Fleetwood Lindley, the last living person to see Abraham Lincoln's face (b. 1888)
1966 - Buster Keaton, [Joseph Francis], US comic (General), dies at 69
1966 - Hedda Hopper, [Elda Furry], US gossip columnist, dies at 75
1966 - Nicholas Piantanida, sets balloon flight record & dies in descent
1966 - William Harrigan, actor (Invisible Man, Girl in 419), dies at 71
1967 - Ernie Bromley, cricketer (2 Tests for Australia 1933-34), dies
1968 - Lawson Little, amateur golfer (US/Brit Opens 1934,35), dies at 57
1970 - Blaz Arnic, composer, dies at 69
1970 - Alfréd Rényi, Hungarian mathematician (b. 1921)
1971 - Jim A J Christy, cricket (10 Tests for S Af, 638 runs at 34 33), dies
1974 - Lynda Ann Healy, 1st Bundy murder victim, abducted in Seattle
1975 - Richard Wattis, actor (Dick & Duchess, Liberace), dies at 62
1976 - Edgar Pangborn, sci-fi author (Judgment of Eve, Davy), dies at 66
1976 - Werner C Heisenberg, physicist (Nobel 1932, field theory), dies at 74
1976 - George Whipple, American scientist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1878)
1977 - Edmond [Moore] Hamilton, US, sci-fi author (Danger Planet), dies at 72
1979 - Mort Marshall, actor (Cully-Dumplings), dies at 60
1980 - Jack Bailey, TV host (Queen for a Day), dies at 72
1980 - Romolo Valli, actor (Boom, La Viaccia), dies at 54
1980 - Gastone Nencini, Italian cyclist (b. 1930)
1981 - Donald W Douglas, US aviation pionieer/builder, dies at 88
1981 - Ernst Pepping, composer, dies at 79
1981 - Nils Geirr Tveitt, composer, dies at 72
1981 - Wanda Hendrix, actress (Sierra, Ride the Pink Horse), dies
1983 - Tullio Campagnolo, Italian bicycle manufacturer, dies
1986 - Alva Myrdal, Swedish Nobel peace prize winner (1982), dies at 84
1986 - Dick James, Beatles' music publisher (1962-70), dies in London at 58
1986 - Gino Hernandez, American wrestler (b. 1957)
1987 - Erin Westmore, makeup artist (Hollywood Backstage), dies at 82
1987 - Alessandro Blasetti, Italian film director (b. 1900)
1988 - Heather O'Rourke, (Poltergeist) star, dies of intestinal ailment at 12
1988 - Reinder Zwolsman, Dutch businessman, dies at 75
1989 - Elaine de Kooning, American artist (b. 1918)
1991 - Carol Dempster, actress (Sally of Sawdust, America), dies at 89
1991 - H J van Ommeren-Averink, Dutch MP (CPN), dies
1991 - James G MacDonald, cartoon voice (Mickey Mouse), dies at 84

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