This Day in History for 11th February

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 199

660 BC - Traditional date for the foundation of Japan by Emperor Jimmu
55 - Tiberius Claudius Caesar Britannicus, heir to the Roman Emperorship, dies under mysterious circumstances in Rome. This clears the way for Nero to become Emperor.
385 - Siricius, bishop of Tarragona, elected as Bishop of Rome; first to style himself Pope.
824 - St Paschal I ends his reign as Pope
1503 - Elizabeth of York, Queen Consort of England, dies at 37
1531 - Henry VIII recognised as supreme head of Church in England following the schism with Rome
1543 - Battle at Wayna Daga: Ethiopian/Portugese troops beat Muslim army
1543 - Karel/Henry VIII sign anti-French covenant
1575 - King Frederick of Denmark offers island of Hveen to Tycho Brahe
1659 - The assault on Copenhagen by Swedish forces is beaten back with heavy losses.
1720 - Sweden & Prussia sign peace (2nd Treaty of Stockholm)
1766 - Stamp Act declared unconstitutional in Virginia
1768 - Samuel Adams letter, circulates around American colonies, opposing Townshend Act taxes
US Revolutionary Samuel AdamsUS Revolutionary Samuel Adams 1790 - Society of Friends petitions Congress for abolition of slavery
1793 - Prussian troops occupy Venlo, Netherlands
1794 - 1st session of US Senate open to the public
1808 - Anthracite coal 1st burned as fuel, experimentally, Wilkes-Barre, Pa
1809 - Robert Fulton patents steamboat
1811 - President Madison prohibits trade with Britain for 3rd time in 4 years
1812 - Massachusetts Governor Elbridge Gerry signs a redistricting bill - first "gerrymander"
1814 - Norway's independence proclaimed
1826 - University College London founded; known until 1836 as London University
1837 - American Physiological Society organizes in Boston
1840 - Gaetano Donizetti's Opera "La Fille du Regiment" premieres in Paris
1843 - Opera "I Lombardi" premieres in Milan
1851 - 1st cricket 1st-class game in Australia, Tasmania v Vic, Launceston
Commercial Steamboat Inventor Robert FultonCommercial Steamboat Inventor Robert Fulton 1852 - First British public female toilet opens (Bedford Street, London)
1854 - Major streets lit by coal gas for 1st time
1855 - Kassa Hailu is crowned Tewodros II, Emperor of Ethiopia, by Abuna Salama III in a ceremony at the church of Derasge Maryam.
1858 - First vision of the Virgin Mary to 14-year-old Bernadette of Lourdes, France
1861 - President-elect Lincoln takes train from Spingfield IL to Washington DC
1861 - US House unanimously passes resolution guaranteeing noninterference with slavery in any state
1873 - Spanish Cortes fires king Amadeus I
1878 - 1st US bicycle club, Boston Bicycle Club, forms
1878 - 1st weekly weather report published in UK
1889 - Meiji constitution of Japan adopted; 1st Diet convenes in 1890
1895 - -17°F (-27.2°C) in Braemar, Grampian (UK record)
1895 - Georgetown became part of Washington DC
Writer/Poet Oscar WildeWriter/Poet Oscar Wilde 1896 - Oscar Wilde's "Salome" premieres in Paris
1897 - White Rose Mission opens on East 97th Street, NYC
1898 - Owen Smith of NC, AME Zion minister, named US minister to Liberia
1899 - -15°F (-26°C), Washington, DC (district record)
1899 - -61°F, Montana (record low temperature)
1902 - Police beat up universal suffrage demonstrators in Brussels
1903 - Anton Bruckner's 9th Symphony premieres in Vienna
1903 - US Congress adopts the Expedition Act, which authorizes the Attorney General to 'expedite' anti-trust cases through the courts, reflecting growing popular support for President Roosevelt's 'trust busting' campaign
1905 - James Blackstone, Seattle, bowls 299½-last pin breaks but stands
1905 - Pope Pius X publishes encyclical Vehementer nos
1907 - De Master's Dutch government resigns
1907 - Passenger ship Larchmont sinks by Block Island, off Rhode Island, 322 die
1908 - Australia regain the Ashes with a 308 run cricket victory vs England
1908 - Heemskerk's government begins in Holland
1916 - Baltimore Symphony Orchestra presents its 1st concert
1916 - Emma Goldman arrested for lecturing on birth control
1916 - Germany and Austria-Hungary notify the US that they will sink any armed merchant ships starting on 1 March
1918 - US President Wilson makes another speech before Congress and announces 'the Four Principles' - freedom of navigation, and end to secret diplomacy, and similar items - that supplement his Fourteen Points
1919 - Friedrich Ebert (SPD) elected president of Germany
1921 - Ambassador Theater opens at 215 W 49th St NYC
1922 - "April Showers" by Al Jolson hits #1
1922 - US intervention army leaves Honduras
1926 - Tokelau (Union) Islands in South Pacific transfers to NZ
1927 - US female Figure Skating championship won by Beatrix Loughran
1927 - US male Figure Skating championship won by Nathaniel Niles
1928 - 2nd Winter Olympic games opens in St Moritz, Switzerland
1929 - Eugene O'Neill's "Dynamo" premieres in NYC
1929 - Vatican City (world's smallest country) made an enclave of Rome
1932 - 73°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in February
1935 - -11°F (-24°C), Ifrane, Morocco (African record low)
1935 - 1st US airplane flight with auto slung beneath fuselage, NY
1936 - Pumping begins to build Treasure Island in SF Bay
1937 - 44-day sit-down strike at General Motors in Flint Mich ends
1938 - Steve Casey beats Lou Thesz in Boston, to become wrestling champ
1941 - 1st Gold record presented (Glenn Miller-Chattanooga Choo Choo)
German WWII Field Marshal Erwin RommelGerman WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel 1941 - Lt-Gen Erwin Rommel arrives in Tripoli
1941 - Sicherheitsdienst complains about Dutch anti German sentiments
1942 - "Archie" comic book debuts
1943 - US General Eisenhower selected to command the allied armies in Europe; British General Montgomery not best pleased.
1943 - Transport nr 47 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
1944 - German troops reconquer Aprilia, Italy
1944 - U-424 sunk off Ireland
1945 - 1st gas turbine propeller-driven airplane flight tested, Downey, CA
Conference of the Big Three at Yalta (from left to right) Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Joseph StalinConference of the Big Three at Yalta (from left to right) Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Joseph Stalin

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt 1945 - Yalta agreement signed by FDR, Churchill & Stalin
1948 - Billy Griffith scores cricket century on debut Eng v WI, out for 140
1948 - John Costello follows Eamon Da Valera as premier of Ireland
1948 - Test cricket debut of Frank Worrell for the West Indies vs. England at Port-of-Spain
1949 - Willie Pep recaptures world featherweight boxing title
1950 - "Rag Mop" by The Ames Brothers hit #1
1951 - Kwame Nkrumah wins 1st parliamentary election on Gold coast (Ghana)
1952 - 2nd NBA All-Star Game: East beats West 108-91 at Boston
1953 - J Styne/B Hilliard's musical "Hazel Flagg" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 190 performances
1953 - President Eisenhower refuses clemency appeal for Rosenberg couple
1953 - USSR breaks diplomatic relations with Israel
1954 - 6th Emmy Awards: I Love Lucy, Donald O'Connor & Eve Arden win
34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower 1956 - British diplomats Guy Burgess and Donald Maclean deny working as spies for Soviet Russia after reappearing in the Soviet Union after going missing 5 years earlier
1957 - KUMV TV channel 8 in Williston, ND (NBC) begins broadcasting
1957 - NHL Players Association forms (NYC), Red Wings' Ted Lindsay elected president
1958 - Marshal Chen Yi succeeds Chu En-lai as Chinese Minister of Foreign Affairs
1958 - Ruth Carol Taylor is 1st African-American woman hired as flight attendant, Ithaca NY
1958 - WTVC TV channel 9 in Chattanooga, TN (ABC) begins broadcasting
1959 - Vinoo Mankad ends his final Test Cricket (v WI at Delhi)

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 266

1377 - King Ladislas of Naples (d. 1414)
1380 - Gianfrancesco Poggio Bracciolini, Italy, humanist
1465 - Elizabeth of York, Consort of King Henry VII, born in London, England
1466 - Elizabeth of York, Queen Consort of England, born in Westminster Palace
1506 - Juliana van Stolberg, engraver of Nassau
1535 - Gregory XIV, [Niccolo Sfondrati], Roman Catholic pope (1590-91)
1557 - John Wtenbogaert, remonstrants theologist
1568 - Honoré d'Urfé, French writer (d. 1625)
1649 - William Carstares, Scottish minister (d. 1715)
1657 - Bernard Fontenelle, France, scientist/writer (Plurality of Worlds)
1755 - Albert Christoph Dies, composer
1764 - Marie-Joseph de Chénier, French poet (Cajus Graechus)
1774 - Hans Järta, Swedish political activist (d. 1847)
1776 - Ioannis Kapodistrias, Greek diplomat of the Russian Empire and first head of state of independent Greece (d. 1831)
1783 - Jarena Lee, African American travelling minister
1790 - Ignaz Assmayer, composer
1799 - Basil Moreau, French Founder priest (d. 1873)
Photography Pioneer William Henry Fox TalbotPhotography Pioneer William Henry Fox Talbot (1800) 1800 - William Henry Fox Talbot, Wiltshire England, photographic pioneer
1802 - Lydia Maria Child, US, author/abolitionist (Juvenile Miscellany)
1810 - Loisa Puget, composer
1812 - Alexander H. Stephens, US Confederate Vice President, (d. 1883)
1812 - Benjamin Franklin Sands, Commander (Union Navy), (d. 1883)
1813 - Otto Ludwig, German writer and critic (d. 1865)
1819 - Samuel Parkman Tuckerman, composer
1821 - Hermann Allmers, writer
1821 - Auguste-Édouard Mariette, French Egyptologist (d. 1881)
1829 - William Anderson Pile, Bvt Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), (d. 1889)
1830 - Hans Bronsart von Schellendorf, composer
1830 - Peter Arnold Heise, composer
1833 - Melville Weston Fuller, 8th chief justice
1839 - Josiah Willard Gibbs, theoretical physicist/chemist
Confederate States VP Alexander H. StephensConfederate States VP Alexander H. Stephens (1812) 1840 - Sanuel Dana Greene, Lt Cmdr (Union Navy), (d. 1884)
1847 - Thomas Edison, inventor who lit up your life (held 1200 patents), born in Milan Ohio (d. 1931)
1860 - Rachilde, [Marguerite Vallette-Eymery], French author (Monsieur Venus)
1867 - August W Messer, German philosopher/educator/psychologist
1869 - Helene Kroller-Muller, Dutch museum founder (d. 1939)
1869 - Else Lasker-Schüler, German writer (d. 1945)
1872 - Edward Johnston, British craftsman and calligrapher - "the father of modern calligraphy" (d 1944)
1873 - Feodor Chaliapine, Russian author/novelist (Pages from My Life)
1874 - Elsa Beskow, [Maartman], Swedish children's book/fairy tales author
1874 - Fritz Bennicke Hart, composer
1875 - Sara Wennerberg-Reuter, composer
1879 - Jean Gilbert, composer
Inventor Thomas EdisonInventor Thomas Edison (1847) 1882 - Gheorghe Cucu, composer
1883 - Paul August von Klenau, Danish composer/conductor (Sulamith)
1887 - John van Melle, South African writer (Dawid Booysen)
1889 - John Mills, dancer (Mills Brothers)
1889 - Vladimir Mikhaylovich Deshevov, composer
1890 - John P M L de Vries, fairy tale writer
1890 - David Drummond, Australian politician (d. 1965)
1891 - J W Hearne, cricket leg-spinner (all-rounder for England in 24 Tests), (d. 1965)
1893 - Johan C P Alberts, Dutch literary (Festival)
1894 - Alfonso Leng, composer
1894 - Isaac M Kolthoff, chemist (Massenanalyse)
1895 - Viktor Nikolayevich Trambitsky, composer
1897 - Yves de La Casiniere, composer
1898 - Leo Szilard, Hungary, physicist/A-bomb worker/peace activist
1900 - Hans-Georg Gadamer, German philosopher
1900 - Thomas Hitchcock Jr, great polo player (Westchester Cup 1924,27,30,39)
1900 - Josei Toda, Japanese educator (d. 1958)
1901 - Roddy Connolly, Irish politician, son of James Connolly (d. 1980)
1902 - Arne Jacobsen, Danish architect (d. 1971)
1903 - Hans Redlich, composer
1903 - Rex Lease, WV, actor (Fast Bullets, Sunny Skies, Custer's Last Stand)
1904 - Henry R LaBouisse, headed UNICEF (1965-79)
1904 - Keith Holyoake, New Zealand PM (1960-72)
1905 - Beb [Elizabeth] Vuyk, Dutch/Indonesian writer (Camp diary)
1906 - Denis Barnett, British air chief marshal
1907 - E W Swanton, author & sports commentator
1908 - Josh White, rocker
1908 - Sutan Takdir Alishahbana, Indonesian linguistic/author/novelist
1908 - Vivian [Ernest] Fuchs, geologist/explorer (British Antarctic Survey)
1909 - Joseph L Mankiewicz, Wilkes-Barre PA, film writer/director (Sleuth)
1909 - Max Baer, American heavyweight boxing champ (1934-35), born in Omaha, Nebraska
1911 - Alec Cairncross, chancellor (Glasgow U)
1912 - Roy Fuller, Failsworth, Lancashire, English poet/novelist (Lost Season)
1912 - Rudolf Firkusny, Napajedla Czechoslovakia, pianist (Julliard)
1913 - Lucio Diestro San Pedro, composer
1914 - French Duynstee, Dutch constitutional lawyer
1914 - Matt Dennis, vocalist (Matt Dennis Show), born in Seattle, Washington
1914 - Menelaos Pallantios, composer
1914 - Winand J Borgerhoff Mulder, court judge of Amsterdam
1915 - Haakon Stotijn, Dutch oboist (VARA Orch, Orkestgebouw Orch)
1915 - Mervyn Levy, artist/critic
1915 - Patrick Leigh Fermor, author
1915 - Richard Hamming, American Mathematician and Computer Scientist (Hamming code), born in Chicago, Illinois
1916 - Bernice Levin Neugarten, social scientist/gerontologist
1917 - Richard Jock Kinneir, graphic designer
Novelist Sidney SheldonNovelist Sidney Sheldon (1917) 1917 - Sidney Sheldon, novelist (1947 Academy Award, 1959 Tony, Bloodline)
1917 - T. Nagi Reddy, Indian revolutionary (d. 1976)
1919 - Gretchen Fraser, Tacoma Wash, slalom skier (Olympic-gold-1948)
1919 - Eva Gabor, Budapest Hungary, actress (Green Acres, Gigi) (d. 1995)
1920 - Billy Halop, actor (Bert Munson-All in the Family), born in NYC, New York
1920 - Daniel F[rancis] Galouye, US, sci-fi author (Dark Universe, Last Leap)
1920 - Farouk I, Cairo, last King of Egypt (1936-52)
1920 - Paul Peter Piech, artist
1921 - Lloyd Bentsen, (Sen-D-TX, 1971- )/1989 Dem VP nominee)
1921 - Edward Seidensticker, American scholar (d. 2007)
1922 - Tudor Jarda, composer
1923 - Baroness Sharples, made a life peer after the assassination of her husband (Sir Richard Sharples)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 9 of 9

1638 - Dutch countess Louise of Solms marries earl John of Brederode
French Emperor Napoléon BonaparteFrench Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte (1810) 1810 - French leader Napoleon I marries 2nd wife Marie-Louise of Austria
1902 - US military leader George Marshall (22) weds Elizabeth Carter Coles in San Antonio, Texas
1905 - Novelist Thomas Mann (29) weds Katia Pringsheim (21) in Munich, Germany
1965 - Beatle Ringo Starr marries Maureen Cox
1972 - Playwright Tom Stoppard (34) weds doctor/author Miriam Moore-Robinson (34)
1989 - MLB pitcher Dave Righetti (30) weds Kandice Owen
1995 - Tennis star Yannick Noah (34) weds Victoria's Secret model Heather Stewart-Whyte (25) in France
2006 - Mexican telenovela actor Guillermo Capetillo (47) weds model Tania Amezcua in Mixcoac, Mexico

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 115

641 - Heraclius, emperor of Byzantium (610-641), dies at about 65
731 - Gregory II, Greek-Syrian Pope, dies
821 - Benedict of Aniane, saint, dies
824 - Paschal I, Italian Pope (817-24), dies
867 - Theodora, the Saint, beauty queen/empress of Byzantine, dies
1141 - Hugo of St-Victor, philosopher/theologist/mystic, dies
1160 - Minamoto no Yoshitomo, Japanese general (b. 1123)
1503 - Elizabeth of York, Consort of King Henry VII, dies on 38th birthday
1511 - Henry, Duke of Cornwall, son of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon
1543 - Ahmed Gran, sultan of Adal, dies in battle at Wayna Daga
1622 - Alfonso Fontanelli, composer, dies at 64
1626 - Pietro Cataldi, Italian mathematician (b. 1552)
1650 - Rene Descartes, philosopher "I think therefore I am", stops thinking
1685 - David Teniers III, Flemish painter, dies at 46
1713 - Jahandar Shah, Mughal emperor of India (b. 1664)
1755 - Francesco Scipione, marchese di Maffei, Italian archaeologist (b. 1675)
1762 - Johann Tobias Krebs, composer, dies at 71
1763 - William Shenstone, English poet (b. 1714)
1797 - Antoine Dauvergne, composer, dies at 83
1806 - Vicente Martin y Soler, composer, dies at 51
1829 - Alexandr Griboyedov, Russian playwright (b. 1795)
1841 - J H Ferdinand Olivier, German painter, dies at 55
1862 - Elizabeth Siddal, British poet and artist (b. 1829)
1868 - Leon Foucault, discovers 1st physical proof of Earth's rotation, dies
1870 - Jacob M de Kempenaer, Dutch min of Internal Aff (1848-49), dies at 76
1870 - Leopold Eugen Mechura, composer, dies at 66
1879 - Honore Daumier, caricaturist/painter, dies
1879 - Willem J van Zeggelen, Dutch author/novelist/writer, dies at 67
1882 - Gustav Schmidt, composer, dies at 65
1892 - Erik Anthon Valdemar Siboni, composer, dies at 63
1894 - Pasqual Juan Emilio Arrieta y Corera, composer, dies at 70
1899 - George Morgan, 1st English motorist to die in an motor accident, dies
1901 - Milan I, king of Serbia, dies at 56
1903 - Henryk Szulc, composer, dies at 67
1907 - Peter J Savelberg, Dutch Limbourg monastery founder, dies at 80
1911 - Albert von Rothschild, baron/Austrian banker, dies at 66
1917 - Oswaldo Cruz, Brazilian physician (b. 1872)
1922 - Gerardus J P Bolland, Dutch philosopher (Bolland Society), dies at 67
1923 - Wilhelm Killing, German mathematician (b. 1847)
1931 - Charles Algernon Parsons, British inventor (steam turbine), dies at 76
1931 - Charles Parsons, inventor of the steam turbine, dies
1939 - Franz Schmidt, Austrian composer, dies at 64
1940 - John Buchan, 1st Baron Tweedsmuir, Gov-Gen of Canada (1935-40), dies
1941 - Rudolf Hilferding, Germ economist/Min of Finance (SPD), suicide at 63
1944 - Ivan Sollertinski, friend of Russian composer D Sjostakovitsj, dies
1945 - Al Dubin, Swiss songwriter (Tiptoe Thru The Tulips), dies at 53
1945 - J S H Lokerman, Dutch resistance fighter, dies in Neugengamme
1948 - Sergei Eisenstein, Russian director (Battleship Potemkin), dies at 50
1954 - Adolph M. Christianson, justice of the North Dakota Supreme Court (b. 1877)
1958 - Ernest Jones, British psychonanalyst (b. 1879)
1959 - Marshall Teague, American race car driver (b. 1922)
1961 - Eduard R Verkade, Dutch actor/director (Pygmalion), dies at 82
1961 - Patrice Lumumba, 1st premier Congo, murdered at 34
Author Sylvia PlathAuthor Sylvia Plath (1963) 1963 - Sylvia Plath, American poet/novelist (Ariel), commits suicide at 30
1968 - Howard Lindsay, US playwright (State of the Union), dies at 78
1969 - James Lanphier, actor (Flight of Lost Balloon), dies at 48
1970 - Emil Abranyi, composer, dies at 87
1971 - Whitney Young Jr, National Urban League director, drowns in Nigeria
1972 - Jan Wils, architect (Olympian Stadium, Amsterdam), dies at 80
1973 - Hans D Jensen, German physicist (Nobel prize 1963), dies at 65
1974 - Anna Q Nilsson, actress (Toll Gate, Sorrell & Son), dies at 85
1975 - Richard Ratsimandrava, Malagasy soldier and statesman, assassinated (b. 1931)
1976 - Alice Allen, actress (Call of the Hills), dies
1976 - Charlie Naughton, actor (Frozen Limits), dies at 89
1976 - Lee J Cobb, American actor (12 Angry Men, On the Waterfront), dies at 64
1976 - Alexander Lippisch, German scientist (b. 1894)
1976 - Frank Arnau, German writer (b. 1894)
1977 - Louis J M Beel, Dutch premier (1946-48, 58-59), dies at 74
1978 - James B Conant, headmaster (Harvard University), dies at 84
1978 - Harry Martinson, Swedish writer, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1904)
1982 - Eleanor Powell, tap dancer/wife of Glenn Ford, dies at 69 of cancer
1982 - Takashi Shimura, Japans actor (Rashomon, 7 Samurais), dies at 76
1982 - Victor Jory, Alaskan actor (Kings Row, Manhunt), dies at 79
1985 - Heinz Eric Roemheld, composer, dies of pneumonia at 83
1985 - Henry Hathaway, actor/director (Nob Hill), dies of heart attack at 86
1985 - Ulysses Sipmson Kay, composer, dies at 68
1985 - Ben Abruzzo, American businessman and balloonist (b. 1930)
1986 - Frank [Patrick] Herbert, sci-fi author (Dune), dies at 65
1986 - Evelio Javier, Filipino politician, lawyer, and civil servant (b. 1942)
1987 - Sadequain, famous Pakistani painter and artist. (b. 1930)
1989 - George O'Hanlon, actor/director (Bop Girl, Zamba), dies at 71
1991 - Oscar Nitzchke, German architect (Alcoa building), dies at 90
1991 - Robert W. Holley, American biochemist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1922)
1992 - Ray Danton, US actor/director (Psychic Killer), dies at 60
1993 - George A Stephen, inventor (Weber Kettle Grill), dies at 71
1993 - Joy Garrett, actress (Days of Our Lives), dies of liver failure
1993 - Oksana Kostina, Russian gymnist, dies in an auto accident
1994 - Antonio Martin, Spanish cyclist, dies in cycling accident at 23
1994 - Sorrell Brooke, actor (Mayor Hogg-Dukes of Hazzard), dies at 64
1994 - William Conrad, actor (Cannon), dies of a heart attack at 73
1996 - Amelia Rosselli, poet, dies at 65
1996 - Bob Shaw, Irish science fiction writer, dies of cancer at 64
1996 - Cyril Poole, cricket (Notts 1946-62, England 1951-52 in 3 Tests), dies
1996 - Kebby Musokotwane, prime minister of Zambia in (1985-89), dies
1996 - Phil Regan, actor (Las Vegas Night, Dames, Housewife), dies at 88
1997 - Don Porter, actor (Gidget), dies at 84
2000 - Roger Vadim, French director (b. 1928)
2000 - Jacqueline Auriol, French aviatrix (b. 1917)
2002 - Barry Foster, British actor (b. 1931)
2002 - Frank Crosetti, baseball player (b. 1910)

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