This Day in History for 11th February

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 189

660 BC - Traditional date for the foundation of Japan by Emperor Jimmu
55 - Tiberius Claudius Caesar Britannicus, heir to the Roman Emperorship, dies under mysterious circumstances in Rome. This clears the way for Nero to become Emperor.
385 - Siricius, bishop of Tarragona, elected as Bishop of Rome; first to style himself Pope.
824 - St Paschal I ends his reign as Pope
1531 - Henry VIII recognised as supreme head of Church in England following the schism with Rome
1543 - Battle at Wayna Daga: Ethiopian/Portugese troops beat Muslim army
1543 - Karel/Henry VIII sign anti-French covenant
1575 - King Frederick of Denmark offers island of Hveen to Tycho Brahe
1659 - The assault on Copenhagen by Swedish forces is beaten back with heavy losses.
1720 - Sweden & Prussia sign peace (2nd Treaty of Stockholm)
Astronomer Tycho BraheAstronomer Tycho Brahe 1766 - Stamp Act declared unconstitutional in Virginia
1768 - Samuel Adams letter, circulates around American colonies, opposing Townshend Act taxes
1790 - Society of Friends petitions Congress for abolition of slavery
1793 - Prussian troops occupy Venlo, Netherlands
1794 - 1st session of US Senate open to the public
1808 - Anthracite coal 1st burned as fuel, experimentally, Wilkes-Barre, Pa
1809 - Robert Fulton patents steamboat
1811 - President Madison prohibits trade with Britain for 3rd time in 4 years
1812 - Massachusetts Governor Elbridge Gerry signs a redistricting bill - 1st "gerrymander"
Commercial Steamboat Inventor Robert FultonCommercial Steamboat Inventor Robert Fulton 1814 - Norway's independence proclaimed
1826 - University College London founded; known until 1836 as London University
1837 - American Physiological Society organizes in Boston
1840 - Gaetano Donizetti's Opera "La Fille du Regiment," premieres in Paris
1843 - Opera "I Lombardi," premieres in Milan
1851 - 1st cricket 1st-class game in Australia, Tasmania v Vic, Launceston
1852 - 1st British public female toilet opens (Bedford Street London)
1854 - Major streets lit by coal gas for 1st time
1855 - Kassa Hailu is crowned Tewodros II, Emperor of Ethiopia, by Abuna Salama III in a ceremony at the church of Derasge Maryam.
1858 - 1st apparition of the Virgin Mary to 14-year-old Bernadette of Lourdes, France
1861 - President-elect Lincoln takes train from Spingfield IL to Washington DC
1861 - US House unanimously passes resolution guaranteeing noninterference with slavery in any state
1873 - Spanish Cortes fires king Amadeus I
1878 - 1st US bicycle club, Boston Bicycle Club, forms
1878 - 1st weekly weather report published in UK
1889 - Meiji constitution of Japan adopted; 1st Diet convenes in 1890
1895 - -17°F (-27.2°C) in Braemar, Grampian (UK record)
1895 - Georgetown became part of Wash DC
Writer/Poet Oscar WildeWriter/Poet Oscar Wilde 1896 - Oscar Wilde's "Salome," premieres in Paris
1897 - White Rose Mission opens on East 97th Street, NYC
1898 - Owen Smith of NC, AME Zion minister, named US minister to Liberia
1899 - -15°F (-26°C), Washington, DC (district record)
1899 - -61°F, Montana (record low temperature)
1902 - Police beat up universal suffrage demonstrators in Brussels
1903 - Anton Bruckner's 9th Symfonie premieres in Vienna
1903 - US Congress adopts the Expedition Act, which authorizes the Attorney General to 'expedite' anti-trust cases through the courts, reflecting growing popular support for President Roosevelt's 'trust busting' campaign
1905 - James Blackstone, Seattle, bowls 299½-last pin breaks but stands
1905 - Pope Pius X publishes encyclical Vehementer nos
1907 - De Master's Dutch government resigns
1907 - Passenger ship Larchmont sinks by Block Island, off Rhide Island, 322 die
1908 - Australia regain the Ashes with a 308 run cricket victory vs England
1908 - Heemskerk's government begins in Holland
1916 - Baltimore Symphony Orchestra presents its 1st concert
1916 - Emma Goldman arrested for lecturing on birth control
1916 - Germany and Austria-Hungary notify the US that they will sink any armed merchant ships starting on 1 March
1919 - Friedrich Ebert (SPD), elected president of Germany
1921 - Ambassador Theater opens at 215 W 49th St NYC
1922 - "April Showers" by Al Jolson hits #1
1922 - US intervention army leaves Honduras
1926 - Tokelau (Union) Islands in South Pacific transfers to NZ
1927 - US female Figure Skating championship won by Beatrix Loughran
1927 - US male Figure Skating championship won by Nathaniel Niles
1928 - 2nd Winter Olympic games opens in St Moritz, Switzerland
1929 - Eugene O'Neill's "Dynamo," premieres in NYC
1929 - Vatican City (world's smallest country) made an enclave of Rome
1932 - 73°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in February
1935 - -11°F (-24°C), Ifrane, Morocco (African record low)
1935 - 1st US airplane flight with auto slung beneath fuselage, NY
1936 - Pumping begins to build Treasure Island in SF Bay
1937 - 44-day sit-down strike at General Motors in Flint Mich ends
1938 - Steve Casey beats Lou Thesz in Boston, to become wrestling champ
1941 - 1st Gold record presented (Glenn Miller-Chattanooga Choo Choo)
German WWII Field Marshal Erwin RommelGerman WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel 1941 - Lt-Gen Erwin Rommel arrives in Tripoli
1941 - Sicherheitsdienst complains about Dutch anti German sentiments
1942 - "Archie" comic book debuts
1943 - US General Eisenhower selected to command the allied armies in Europe; British General Montgomery not best pleased.
1943 - Transport nr 47 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
1944 - German troops reconquer Aprilia, Italy
1944 - U-424 sunk off Ireland
1945 - 1st gas turbine propeller-driven airplane flight tested, Downey, CA
1945 - Yalta agreement signed by FDR, Churchill & Stalin
1948 - Billy Griffith scores cricket century on debut Eng v WI, out for 140
32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt 1948 - John Costello follows Eamon Da Valera as premier of Ireland
1948 - Test cricket debut of Frank Worrell for the West Indies vs. England at Port-of-Spain
1949 - Willie Pep recaptures world featherweight boxing title
1950 - "Rag Mop" by The Ames Brothers hit #1
1951 - Kwame Nkrumah wins 1st parliamentary election on Gold coast (Ghana)
1953 - "Hazel Flagg" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 190 performances
1953 - J Styne/B Hilliard's musical "Hazel Flagg," premieres in NYC
1953 - Pres Eisenhower refuses clemency appeal for Rosenberg couple
First President of Ghana Kwame NkrumahFirst President of Ghana Kwame Nkrumah 1953 - USSR breaks diplomatic relations with Israel
1954 - 6th Emmy Awards: I Love Lucy, Donald O'Connor & Eve Arden win
1957 - KUMV TV channel 8 in Williston, ND (NBC) begins broadcasting
1957 - NHL Players Association forms (NYC), Red Wings' Ted Lindsay elected president
1958 - Marshal Chen Yi succeeds Chu En-lai as Min of Foreign affairs
1958 - Ruth Carol Taylor is 1st African-American woman hired as flight attendant, Ithaca NY
1958 - WTVC TV channel 9 in Chattanooga, TN (ABC) begins broadcasting
1959 - Vinoo Mankad ends his final Test Cricket (v WI at Delhi)
1960 - Jack Paar walks off his TV show
1961 - Robert Weaver sworn in with then highest federal post by a black
1962 - Beatles record "Please, Please Me"

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 264

1377 - King Ladislas of Naples (d. 1414)
1380 - Gianfrancesco Poggio Bracciolini, Italy, humanist
1465 - Elizabeth of York, London, Consort of King Henry VII
1506 - Juliana van Stolberg, engraver of Nassau
1535 - Gregory XIV, [Niccolo Sfondrati], Roman Catholic pope (1590-91)
1557 - John Wtenbogaert, remonstrants theologist
1568 - Honoré d'Urfé, French writer (d. 1625)
1649 - William Carstares, Scottish minister (d. 1715)
1657 - Bernard Fontenelle, France, scientist/writer (Plurality of Worlds)
1755 - Albert Christoph Dies, composer
1764 - Marie-Joseph de Chénier, French poet (Cajus Graechus)
1774 - Hans Järta, Swedish political activist (d. 1847)
1776 - Ioannis Kapodistrias, Greek diplomat of the Russian Empire and first head of state of independent Greece (d. 1831)
1783 - Jarena Lee, African American travelling minister
1790 - Ignaz Assmayer, composer
1799 - Basil Moreau, French Founder priest (d. 1873)
Photography Pioneer William Henry Fox TalbotPhotography Pioneer William Henry Fox Talbot (1800) 1800 - William Henry Fox Talbot, Wiltshire England, photographic pioneer
1802 - Lydia Maria Child, US, author/abolitionist (Juvenile Miscellany)
1810 - Loisa Puget, composer
1812 - Alexander H. Stephens, US Confederate Vice President, died in 1883
1812 - Benjamin Franklin Sands, Commander (Union Navy), died in 1883
1813 - Otto Ludwig, German writer and critic (d. 1865)
1819 - Samuel Parkman Tuckerman, composer
1821 - Hermann Allmers, writer
1821 - Auguste-Édouard Mariette, French Egyptologist (d. 1881)
Confederate States VP Alexander H. StephensConfederate States VP Alexander H. Stephens (1812) 1829 - William Anderson Pile, Bvt Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1889
1830 - Hans Bronsart von Schellendorf, composer
1830 - Peter Arnold Heise, composer
1833 - Melville Weston Fuller, 8th chief justice
1839 - Josiah Willard Gibbs, theoretical physicist/chemist
1840 - Sanuel Dana Greene, Lt Cmdr (Union Navy), died in 1884
1847 - Thomas Alva Edison, Milan Ohio, lit up your life (held 1200 patents)
1860 - Rachilde, [Marguerite Vallette-Eymery], French author (Monsieur Venus)
1867 - August W Messer, German philosopher/educator/psychologist
1869 - Helene Kroller-Muller, Dutch museum founder (d. 1939)
Inventor Thomas EdisonInventor Thomas Edison (1847) 1869 - Else Lasker-Schüler, German writer (d. 1945)
1872 - Edward Johnston, British craftsman and calligrapher - "the father of modern calligraphy" (d 1944)
1873 - Feodor Chaliapine, Russian author/novelist (Pages from My Life)
1874 - Elsa Beskow, [Maartman], Swedish children's book/fairy tales author
1874 - Fritz Bennicke Hart, composer
1875 - Sara Wennerberg-Reuter, composer
1879 - Jean Gilbert, composer
1882 - Gheorghe Cucu, composer
1883 - Paul August von Klenau, Danish composer/conductor (Sulamith)
1887 - John van Melle, South African writer (Dawid Booysen)
1889 - John Mills, dancer (Mills Brothers)
1889 - Vladimir Mikhaylovich Deshevov, composer
1890 - John P M L de Vries, fairy tale writer
1890 - David Drummond, Australian politician (d. 1965)
1891 - J W Hearne, cricket leg-spinner (all-rounder for England in 24 Tests). Died 1965
1893 - Johan C P Alberts, Dutch literary (Festival)
1894 - Alfonso Leng, composer
1894 - Isaac M Kolthoff, chemist (Massenanalyse)
1895 - Viktor Nikolayevich Trambitsky, composer
1897 - Yves de La Casiniere, composer
1898 - Leo Szilard, Hungary, physicist/A-bomb worker/peace activist
1900 - Hans-Georg Gadamer, German philosopher
1900 - Thomas Hitchcock Jr, great polo player (Westchester Cup 1924,27,30,39)
1900 - Josei Toda, Japanese educator (d. 1958)
1901 - Roddy Connolly, Irish politician, son of James Connolly (d. 1980)
1902 - Arne Jacobsen, Danish architect (d. 1971)
1903 - Hans Redlich, composer
1903 - Rex Lease, WV, actor (Fast Bullets, Sunny Skies, Custer's Last Stand)
1904 - Henry R LaBouisse, headed UNICEF (1965-79)
1904 - Keith Holyoake, New Zealand PM (1960-72)
1905 - Beb [Elizabeth] Vuyk, Dutch/Indonesian writer (Camp diary)
1906 - Denis Barnett, British air chief marshal
1907 - E W Swanton, author & sports commentator
1908 - Josh White, rocker
1908 - Sutan Takdir Alishahbana, Indonesian linguistic/author/novelist
1908 - Vivian [Ernest] Fuchs, geologist/explorer (British Antarctic Survey)
1909 - Joseph L Mankiewicz, Wilkes-Barre PA, film writer/director (Sleuth)
1909 - Max Baer, Omaha, Nebraska, American heavyweight boxing champ (1934-35)
1911 - Alec Cairncross, chancellor (Glasgow U)
1912 - Roy Fuller, Failsworth, Lancashire, English poet/novelist (Lost Season)
1912 - Rudolf Firkusny, Napajedla Czechoslovakia, pianist (Julliard)
1913 - Lucio Diestro San Pedro, composer
1914 - French Duynstee, Dutch constitutional lawyer
1914 - Matt Dennis, Seattle Wash, vocalist (Matt Dennis Show)
1914 - Menelaos Pallantios, composer
1914 - Winand J Borgerhoff Mulder, court judge of Amsterdam
1915 - Haakon Stotijn, Dutch oboist (VARA Orch, Orkestgebouw Orch)
1915 - Mervyn Levy, artist/critic
1915 - Patrick Leigh Fermor, author
1916 - Bernice Levin Neugarten, social scientist/gerontologist
1917 - Richard Jock Kinneir, graphic designer
Novelist Sidney SheldonNovelist Sidney Sheldon (1917) 1917 - Sidney Sheldon, novelist (1947 Academy Award, 1959 Tony, Bloodline)
1917 - T. Nagi Reddy, Indian revolutionary (d. 1976)
1919 - Gretchen Fraser, Tacoma Wash, slalom skier (Olympic-gold-1948)
1919 - Eva Gabor, Budapest Hungary, actress (Green Acres, Gigi) (d. 1995)
1920 - Billy Halop, NYC, actor (Bert Munson-All in the Family)
1920 - Daniel F[rancis] Galouye, US, sci-fi author (Dark Universe, Last Leap)
1920 - Farouk I, Cairo, last King of Egypt (1936-52)
1920 - Paul Peter Piech, artist
1921 - Lloyd Bentsen, (Sen-D-TX, 1971- )/1989 Dem VP nominee)
1921 - Edward Seidensticker, American scholar (d. 2007)
1922 - Tudor Jarda, composer
1923 - Baroness Sharples, made a life peer after the assassination of her husband (Sir Richard Sharples)
1923 - Ronald Arculus, British diplomat
1924 - Mary Tregear, Oriental art historian

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 8 of 8

1638 - Dutch countess Louise of Solms marries earl John of Brederode
French Emperor Napoleon BonaparteFrench Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte (1810) 1810 - French leader Napoleon I marries 2nd wife Marie-Louise of Austria
1902 - US military leader George Marshall (22) weds Elizabeth Carter Coles in San Antonio, Texas
1905 - Novelist Thomas Mann (29) weds Katia Pringsheim (21) in Munich, Germany
1965 - Beatle Ringo Starr marries Maureen Cox
1972 - Playwright Tom Stoppard (34) weds doctor/author Miriam Moore-Robinson (34)
1989 - MLB pitcher Dave Righetti (30) weds Kandice Owen
2006 - Mexican telenovela actor Guillermo Capetillo (47) weds model Tania Amezcua in Mixcoac, Mexico

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 114

641 - Heraclius, emperor of Byzantium (610-641), dies at about 65
731 - Gregory II, Greek-Syrian Pope, dies
821 - Benedict of Aniane, saint, dies
824 - Paschal I, Italian Pope (817-24), dies
867 - Theodora, the Saint, beauty queen/empress of Byzantine, dies
1141 - Hugo of St-Victor, philosopher/theologist/mystic, dies
1160 - Minamoto no Yoshitomo, Japanese general (b. 1123)
1503 - Elizabeth of York, Consort of King Henry VII, dies on 38th birthday
1511 - Henry, Duke of Cornwall, son of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon
1543 - Ahmed Gran, sultan of Adal, dies in battle at Wayna Daga
1622 - Alfonso Fontanelli, composer, dies at 64
1626 - Pietro Cataldi, Italian mathematician (b. 1552)
1650 - Rene Descartes, philosopher "I think therefore I am", stops thinking
1685 - David Teniers III, Flemish painter, dies at 46
1713 - Jahandar Shah, Mughal emperor of India (b. 1664)
1755 - Francesco Scipione, marchese di Maffei, Italian archaeologist (b. 1675)
1762 - Johann Tobias Krebs, composer, dies at 71
1763 - William Shenstone, English poet (b. 1714)
1797 - Antoine Dauvergne, composer, dies at 83
1806 - Vicente Martin y Soler, composer, dies at 51
1829 - Alexandr Griboyedov, Russian playwright (b. 1795)
1841 - J H Ferdinand Olivier, German painter, dies at 55
1862 - Elizabeth Siddal, British poet and artist (b. 1829)
1868 - Leon Foucault, discovers 1st physical proof of Earth's rotation, dies
1870 - Jacob M de Kempenaer, Dutch min of Internal Aff (1848-49), dies at 76
1870 - Leopold Eugen Mechura, composer, dies at 66
1879 - Honore Daumier, caricaturist/painter, dies
1879 - Willem J van Zeggelen, Dutch author/novelist/writer, dies at 67
1882 - Gustav Schmidt, composer, dies at 65
1892 - Erik Anthon Valdemar Siboni, composer, dies at 63
1894 - Pasqual Juan Emilio Arrieta y Corera, composer, dies at 70
1899 - George Morgan, 1st English motorist to die in an motor accident, dies
1901 - Milan I, king of Serbia, dies at 56
1903 - Henryk Szulc, composer, dies at 67
1907 - Peter J Savelberg, Dutch Limbourg monastery founder, dies at 80
1911 - Albert von Rothschild, baron/Austrian banker, dies at 66
1917 - Oswaldo Cruz, Brazilian physician (b. 1872)
1922 - Gerardus J P Bolland, Dutch philosopher (Bolland Society), dies at 67
1923 - Wilhelm Killing, German mathematician (b. 1847)
1931 - Charles Algernon Parsons, British inventor (steam turbine), dies at 76
1931 - Charles Parsons, inventor of the steam turbine, dies
1939 - Franz Schmidt, Austrian composer, dies at 64
1940 - John Buchan, 1st Baron Tweedsmuir, Gov-Gen of Canada (1935-40), dies
1941 - Rudolf Hilferding, Germ economist/Min of Finance (SPD), suicide at 63
1944 - Ivan Sollertinski, friend of Russian composer D Sjostakovitsj, dies
1945 - Al Dubin, Swiss songwriter (Tiptoe Thru The Tulips), dies at 53
1945 - J S H Lokerman, Dutch resistance fighter, dies in Neugengamme
1948 - Sergy Eisenstein, film director, dies at 50
1954 - Adolph M. Christianson, justice of the North Dakota Supreme Court (b. 1877)
1958 - Ernest Jones, British psychonanalyst (b. 1879)
1959 - Marshall Teague, American race car driver (b. 1922)
1961 - Eduard R Verkade, Dutch actor/director (Pygmalion), dies at 82
1961 - Patrice Lumumba, 1st premier Congo, murdered at 34
1963 - Sylvia Plath, American poet/novelist (Ariel), commits suicide at 30
1968 - Howard Lindsay, US playwright (State of the Union), dies at 78
1969 - James Lanphier, actor (Flight of Lost Balloon), dies at 48
1970 - Emil Abranyi, composer, dies at 87
1971 - Whitney Young Jr, National Urban League director, drowns in Nigeria
1972 - Jan Wils, architect (Olympian Stadium, Amsterdam), dies at 80
1973 - Hans D Jensen, German physicist (Nobel prize 1963), dies at 65
1974 - Anna Q Nilsson, actress (Toll Gate, Sorrell & Son), dies at 85
1975 - Richard Ratsimandrava, Malagasy soldier and statesman, assassinated (b. 1931)
1976 - Alice Allen, actress (Call of the Hills), dies
1976 - Charlie Naughton, actor (Frozen Limits), dies at 89
1976 - Lee J Cobb, actor (12 Angry Men, On the Waterfront), dies at 64
1976 - Alexander Lippisch, German scientist (b. 1894)
1976 - Frank Arnau, German writer (b. 1894)
1977 - Louis J M Beel, Dutch premier (1946-48, 58-59), dies at 74
1978 - James B Conant, headmaster (Harvard University), dies at 84
1978 - Harry Martinson, Swedish writer, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1904)
1982 - Eleanor Powell, tap dancer/wife of Glenn Ford, dies at 69 of cancer
1982 - Takashi Shimura, Japans actor (Rashomon, 7 Samurais), dies at 76
1982 - Victor Jory, Alaskan actor (Kings Row, Manhunt), dies at 79
1985 - Heinz Eric Roemheld, composer, dies of pneumonia at 83
1985 - Henry Hathaway, actor/director (Nob Hill), dies of heart attack at 86
1985 - Ulysses Sipmson Kay, composer, dies at 68
1985 - Ben Abruzzo, American businessman and balloonist (b. 1930)
1986 - Frank [Patrick] Herbert, sci-fi author (Dune), dies at 65
1986 - Evelio Javier, Filipino politician, lawyer, and civil servant (b. 1942)
1987 - Sadequain, famous Pakistani painter and artist. (b. 1930)
1989 - George O'Hanlon, actor/director (Bop Girl, Zamba), dies at 71
1991 - Oscar Nitzchke, German architect (Alcoa building), dies at 90
1991 - Robert W. Holley, American biochemist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1922)
1992 - Ray Danton, US actor/director (Psychic Killer), dies at 60
1993 - George A Stephen, inventor (Weber Kettle Grill), dies at 71
1993 - Joy Garrett, actress (Days of Our Lives), dies of liver failure
1993 - Oksana Kostina, Russian gymnist, dies in an auto accident
1994 - Antonio Martin, Spanish cyclist, dies in cycling accident at 23
1994 - Sorrell Brooke, actor (Mayor Hogg-Dukes of Hazzard), dies at 64
1994 - William Conrad, actor (Cannon), dies of a heart attack at 73
1996 - Amelia Rosselli, poet, dies at 65
1996 - Bob Shaw, Irish science fiction writer, dies of cancer at 64
1996 - Cyril Poole, cricket (Notts 1946-62, England 1951-52 in 3 Tests), dies
1996 - Kebby Musokotwane, prime minister of Zambia in (1985-89), dies
1996 - Phil Regan, actor (Las Vegas Night, Dames, Housewife), dies at 88
1997 - Don Porter, actor (Gidget), dies at 84
2000 - Roger Vadim, French director (b. 1928)
2000 - Jacqueline Auriol, French aviatrix (b. 1917)
2002 - Barry Foster, British actor (b. 1931)
2002 - Frank Crosetti, baseball player (b. 1910)

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