This Day in History for 12th February

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 195

1049 - Bruno count of Egesheim & Dagsburg crowned Pope Leo IX
1111 - German King Hendry V arrives at St Peter, Rome
1130 - Pope Innocent II elected
1502 - Muslims in Granada forced to convert to Catholicism
1502 - Vasco da Gama sets sail from Lisbon, Portugal on his second voyage to India.
1528 - Treaty of Dordrecht between emperor & ecclesiastical power
1541 - Santiago, Chile founded (or Feb 24)
1577 - Spanish land guardian Don Juan of Habsburg signs "Eternal Edict"
1624 - English parliament comes together
1700 - The Great Northern War begins in Northern Europe between Denmark–Norway, Saxony and Russia and the Swedish Empire.
1719 - The Onderlinge van 1719 u.a., the oldest existing life insurance company in the Netherlands is founded.
1733 - Georgia founded by James Oglethorpe, at site of Savannah
1762 - British fleet occupies Martinique
1763 - John Casteret appointed British minister of foreign affairs
1771 - Gustav III becomes the King of Sweden.
1772 - Yves de Kerguelen of France discovers Kerguelen Archipelago, India
1793 - 1st US fugitive slave law passed; requires return of escaped slaves
1797 - Haydn's song "Gott erhalte Franz den Kaiser," premieres in Vienna
1818 - Chile gains independence from Spain
1821 - Mercantile Library of City of NY opens
1825 - Creek Indian treaty signed. Tribal chiefs agree to turn over all their land in Georgia to the government & migrate west by Sept 1, 1826
1832 - Ecuador annexes Galapagos Islands
1839 - Aroostock War: Boundary dispute between Maine & New Brunswick
1840 - Housatonic Railroad opens
1848 - Ballet "Faust" premieres, Milan
1850 - Original Washington's Farewell Address manuscript sells for $2,300
1855 - Michigan State University was established.
1861 - State troops seize US munitions in Napoleon, AK
1865 - Henry Highland Garnet, is 1st black to speak in US House of Reps
1870 - Official proclamation sets April 15 as last day of grace for US silver coins to circulate in Canada
1873 - Congress abolishes bimetallism & authorizes $1 & $3 gold coins
1874 - King David Kalakaua of Sandwich Is Hawaii, is 1st king to visit US
1876 - Al Spalding opens his sporting good shop
1877 - 1st news dispatch by telephone, between Boston & Salem, Mass
1877 - US railroad builders strike against wage reduction
1878 - Frederick Thayer patents catcher's mask (pat # 200,358)
1879 - 1st artificial ice rink in North America (Madison Sq Garden, NYC)
1879 - News about slaughtering of Isandlwana reaches London
1880 - US National Croquet League organizes (Phila)
1882 - Social-Democratic Union forms in Amsterdam
1885 - Carl Peters founds German East-Africa Society
1886 - 2nd British government of Salisbury forms
1889 - Caesar Francks Symphony in D, premieres
1889 - Henrik Ibsens "Fruen fra Haven," premieres in Oslo
1894 - Anarchist Émile Henry hurls a bomb into Paris's Cafe Terminus, killing one and wounding 20.
1899 - -47°F (-44°C), Camp Clarke, Nebraska (state record)
1899 - 1st 2-man team 6-day bicycle race in US begins, Madison Square Garden, NYC
1901 - Dutch Penitentiary children's law proclaimed
1906 - George Cohans musical "George Washington," premieres in NYC
1908 - Anna Jeanes bequeaths $1,000,000 to Swarthmore to become all female
1908 - NY to Paris auto race (via Alaska & Siberia) begins in NYC George Schuster wins after 88 days behind the wheel
1909 - National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) forms
1909 - Netherlands' SDAP suspends Marxist Tribune group (Gorter & Wijnkoop)
1909 - Robert Fowler runs world record marathon (2:46:52.6)
1912 - China adopts Gregorian calendar
1912 - Last Ch'ing (Manchu) emperor of China, Hsuan T'ung, abdicates
1914 - In Washington, DC, the first stone of the Lincoln Memorial is put into place.
1915 - Cornerstone laid for Lincoln Memorial in Washington DC
1916 - 1st edition of Joseph Patterson/Sidney Smith strip "Gumps"
1920 - -Apr 26] 14,000 Rotterdam/Amsterdam harbor workers strike
1920 - NL votes 6-2 for 1 commissioner AL votes 6-2 to keep group commission
1921 - Soviet troops invade Georgia (not the US state!)
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston ChurchillSoldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill 1921 - Winston Churchill becomes British Minister of Colonies
1924 - George Gershwin's "Rhapsody In Blue" premieres at Aeolian Hall, NYC
1924 - George Kaufman's "Beggar on Horseback," premieres in NYC
1925 - 1st federal arbitration law approved by Congress
1925 - E Thieffry departs with Handley Page for the Belgian Congo
1925 - Estonia bans communist Party
1926 - Barendrecht soccer team forms
1927 - British expeditionary army lands in Shanghai
1929 - Karst Leemburg wins Dutch 11 cities skate (11:30)
1931 - Vatican Radio begins broadcasting with the callsign HVJ
1932 - Communist Party of Holland forms Unemployed Combat Committees
1933 - German vice-chancellor von Papen demands Catholic aid for Nazis
1934 - Export-Import Bank incorporates
1934 - France hit by a general strike against fascists & royalists
1934 - The Austrian Civil War begins.
1935 - Great airship, USS Macon, crashes into Pacific Ocean
1937 - Cleveland (now St Louis) Rams granted an NFL franchise
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf HitlerDictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler 1938 - Austrian chancellor Schuschnigg visits Hitler in Berchtesgaden
1938 - German troops entered Austria
1941 - Jewish Council for Amsterdam forms, under Ascher/Cohen
1941 - Occupation Police arrest "Jewish Foursome"
1942 - 3 German battle cruisers escape via Channel to Brest N Germany
1943 - General Eisenhower departs Algiers to Tebessa
1944 - Wendell Wilkie (R) enters presidential race
1945 - SF selected for site of UN Conference
1946 - World War II: Operation Deadlight ends after scuttling 121 of 154 captured U-boats.
1947 - Daytime fireball & meteorite fall seen in eastern Siberia
1947 - Record 100.5-kg sailfish caught, C W Stewart, Galapagos Islands
1948 - 1st Lt Nancy Leftenant becomes 1st black in army nursing corps
1949 - "Annie Get Your Gun" closes at Imperial Theater NYC after 1147 perfs
1949 - Panic in Quito Ecuador, after "War of the World" played on radio
1949 - Team Canada beats Denmark 47-0 in hockey
1949 - Unidentified aircraft bomb Jerusalem
Theoretical Physicist Albert EinsteinTheoretical Physicist Albert Einstein 1950 - Albert Einstein warns against hydrogen bomb
1950 - Sen Joe McCarthy claims to have list of 205 communist government employees
1953 - USSR breaks relations with Israel
1955 - McGuire Sisters' "Sincerely" single goes to #1 & stays #1 for 10 weeks
1955 - Pres Eisenhower sends 1st US advisors to S Vietnam

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 261

1074 - Conrad, King of Germany and Italy (d. 1101)
1211 - Henry VII, Roman catholic German king (1220-35)
1218 - Kujo Yoritsune, Japanese shogun (d. 1256)
1438 - Adolf van Egmond, duke of Gelre/earl of Zutphen
1474 - Lorenzo Campeggi(o), archbishop of Bologna/diplomat
1567 - Thomas Campion, England, composer/poet/physician
1584 - Casparus Barleaus, Flemish theologist/poet (Muiderkring)
1585 - Caspar Bartholin, Malmö, physician, theologian, writer on anatomy
1588 - John Winthrop, English attorney/puritan/1st gov of Mass
1606 - John Winthrop, the Younger, Governor of Connecticut (d. 1676)
1636 - Herman Witsius, [Wits], Dutch reformed theologist
1637 - Jan Swammerdam, Amsterdam, Dutch anatomist/entomologist (Bible of Nature)
Puritan Minister Cotton MatherPuritan Minister Cotton Mather (1663) 1663 - Cotton Mather, Boston Massachusetts, American Puritan minister (Salem witchcraft trials)
1665 - Rudolph J Camerarius, German botanist/physician (sexuality plant)
1704 - Charles Pinot Duclos, French writer (d. 1772)
1706 - Josef Christian, German sculptor
1728 - Étienne-Louis Boullée, French architect (d. 1799)
1740 - Matej Sojka, composer
1751 - Joseph Waast Aubert Nonot, composer
1752 - Josef Reicha, Czech composer
1753 - Lambert-Francois Godecharle, composer
1753 - François-Paul Brueys D'Aigalliers, French admiral (d. 1798)
1758 - Christian Ignatius Latrobe, composer
1760 - Jan Ladislav Dussek, Bohemia, pianist/composer
1768 - Francis II, Florence Italy, last Holy Roman emperor (1792-1806)
1775 - Louise Catherine Johnson Adams, 1st lady (1825-1829)
1777 - Friedrich de la Motte Fouqué, German poet (d. 1843)
1778 - Franz Joseph Volkert, composer
1785 - Pierre Louis Dulong, French physicist (d. 1838)
1791 - Jan D Zocher Jr, Dutch garden architect (Vondelpark, Amsterdam)
1791 - Peter Cooper, industrialist/philanthropist (Cooper Union)
1792 - Ferdinand de Braekeleer, Belgian painter
1794 - Alexander Petrov, Russian chess player (d. 1867)
1804 - Heinrich Lenz, German physicist (d. 1865)
US President Abraham LincolnUS President Abraham Lincoln (1809) 1809 - Abraham Lincoln, Kentucky, (R) 16th US President (1861-65)
1809 - Charles Darwin, England, discovered evolution (Origin of the Species)
1818 - Otto Ludwig, German writer (Die Heiterethei)
1824 - Arya Samaj Maha Rishi Dayanand Sarsvati, Indian hindu leader
1828 - George Meredith, England, poet/novelist (Shaving of Shagpat)
1828 - Robert Ransom Jr, Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1892
1831 - John Morrissey, boxer/developer of Saratoga Springs horse race track
1838 - Charles Carroll Walcott, Bvt Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1898
Naturalist Charles DarwinNaturalist Charles Darwin (1809) 1841 - Gijsbert van Tienhoven, Dutch mayor (Amsterdam) and Prime Minister of the Netherlands 1891-1894
1843 - John Graham Chambers, English athlete who wrote the Queensberry rules for boxing (d. 1883)
1850 - Amaat Vyncke, Flemish missionary (Flemish Flag)
1852 - Hendrik Blink, geographer (Van de Eems tot de Schelde)
1853 - Bertram Luard-Selby, composer
1857 - Bobby Peel, cricketer (great English lefty 1884-96)
1861 - Lou [Andreas-]Salome, Russian/German author (Im Kampf um Gott)
1865 - Kazimierz P Tetmajer, Polish writer/poet (Young Poland)
1867 - Hedwig Courths-Mahler, German author (Warbride) [or Febr 18]
1867 - Joe Howard, NYC, vocalist (Gay Nineties Revue)
1868 - Johan H A Schaper, Dutch MP/founder (SDAP)
1869 - Hendrik P Marchant, Dutch minister of Education/Arts (VVD)
1870 - Marie Lloyd, English music-hall performer (d. 1922)
1876 - Thubten Gyatso, 13th Dalai Lama (d. 1933)
1880 - John Llewellyn Lewis, union leader (United Mine Workers, 1920-60)
1882 - Walter Vaes, Flemish painter/etcher
1883 - Ludwig Stossel, Austria, actor (Man With a Camera)
1884 - Max Beckmann, German painter/graphic artist
1884 - Marie Vassilieff, Russian artist (d. 1957)
1884 - Johan Laidoner, Estonian military commander (d. 1953)
1885 - Licinio Refice, composer
1886 - Gustaf Lazarus Nordqvist, composer
1886 - Michel Brusselmans, composer
1891 - Cecil Dixon, cricket off-spinner (1 Test for South Africa, 3-118, pair)
1891 - Maurice Yvain, composer
1891 - Max Terhune, actor (Arizona Stagecoach, Hit the Saddle, Range Justice)
1893 - Marcel G J Minnaert, Dutch astronomer
1893 - Omar Bradley, General of Army WW II (GI General)
1897 - Vola Vale, American actress (d. 1970)
1898 - Wallace Ford, [Samuel Jones Grundy], Batton England, actor (Deputy)
1898 - [Le]Roy Harris, Oklahoma, composer (When Johnny Comes Marching Home)
1899 - Albert Huybrechts, composer
1900 - Fred Emney, London England, actor (Let the People Sing, Lilac Domino)
1902 - William D Revelli, Spring Gulch Colorado, band leader
1902 - William Collier, American stage and film actor (d. 1987)
1903 - Chick Hafey, baseball player (d. 1973)
1903 - Joseph F. Biroc, American cinematographer (d. 1996)
1904 - Ted Mack, Denver Colorado, TV host (Original Amateur Hour)
1905 - Harry Bellaver, Illinois, US, actor (Sgt Arcaro-Naked City)
1907 - Clifton C. Edom, American photojournalism educator (d. 1991)
1908 - Jacques Herbrand, French logician and mathematician (d. 1931)
1908 - Jean Effel, French painter and journalist (d. 1982)
1908 - August Neo, Estonian wrestler (d. 1982)
1909 - Barry Wood, New Haven Ct, vocalist (Your Hit Parade)
1910 - Forsyth Hardy, documentary film pioneer
1910 - Lee Byung Chull, Korean industrialist/founder (Samsung Business)
1911 - Charles Mathiesen, Norway, 1500m speed skater (Olympic-gold-1936)
1911 - Frank Hercules, writer
1911 - Sylvstre A Guzman Fernandez, president (Dominican Republic)
1911 - Stephen H. Sholes, American recording executive (d. 1968)
1912 - Eddie J Bush, golf professional
1912 - Ernest Clark, London England, actor (Doctor in the House)
1912 - R. F. Delderfield, English author (d. 1972)
1913 - Pedro Gastao de Orleans e Braganca, grandson of emperor Pedro I
1914 - Gordon Tex Beneke, saxophonist/bandleader/vocalist (Glenn Miller Orch)
1914 - Nello Celio, Swiss president
1914 - Arvid Pardo, Maltese diplomat, a.k.a "Father of the Law of the Sea Conference" (d. 1999)
1915 - Andrew J Goodpaster, US, general/supreme commander (NATO-Europe)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 1 of 1

1736 - Maria Theresa Habsburg marries French Stefanus (emperor Francois I)

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 121

1128 - Toghtekin, slave/atabek of Damascus, dies
1242 - Hendrik VII, Roman Catholics German king (1220-35), commits suicide
1538 - Albrecht Altdorfer, German painter, dies at about 57
1554 - Jane Grey, queen of England for 9 days, beheaded at 17
1554 - Lord Guildford Dudley, Jane Grey's husband, beheaded
1571 - Nicholas Throckmorton, English diplomat and politician (b. 1515)
1590 - Francois Hotman/Hotomanus, French lawyer/diplomat, dies at 65
1595 - Archduke Ernest of Austria, Governor of the Spanish Netherlands (b. 1553)
1616 - John Drusius, of Driesschen, Flemish Hebraist, dies at 65
1624 - George Heriot, Scottish goldsmith and philanthropist (b. 1563)
1630 - Fynes Moryson, English traveler and writer (b. 1566)
1684 - Pietro Andrea Ziani, composer, dies at 67
1700 - Aleksei Shein, Russian general and statesman (b. 1662)
1724 - Elkanah Settle, English writer (b. 1648)
1728 - Agostino Steffani, Italian/German diplomat/composer, dies at 73
1738 - James Sherard, composer, dies at 71
1762 - Laurent Belissen, composer, dies at 68
1763 - Pierre de Marivaux, French writer (b. 1688)
1771 - Adolf Frederik, King of Sweden (1751-70), dies at 60
1787 - Ruggiero Boscovich, Ital physicist/astronomer/philosopher, dies at 75
American Revolutionary War Patriot Ethan AllenAmerican Revolutionary War Patriot Ethan Allen (1789) 1789 - Ethan Allen, American patriot, dies at 51
1799 - Frantisek Xaver Dusek, composer, dies at 67
1799 - Lazzaro Spallanzani, Italian biologist (b. 1729)
1804 - Immanuel Kant, German philosopher (Zum ewigen Frieden), dies at 79
1820 - Guillaume Albert Teniers, composer, dies at 71
1834 - Friedrich Schleiermacher, German theologist/philosopher, dies at 65
1837 - Ludwig Borne, writer, dies at 50
1861 - Hippolyte-Andre-Baptiste Chelard, composer, dies at 72
1889 - Andrew Greenwood, cricketer (batted in Eng's 1st 2 Tests 1877), dies
1894 - Hans von Bülow, German pianist and composer (b. 1830)
1896 - Charles Louis Ambrose Thomas, French composer (Mignon), dies at 84
1896 - Isaac Murphy, jockey, 628 wins on 1,412 mounts (44.5%), dies at 35
1901 - Ramon de Campoamor bon Campoosorio, Spanish poet (Colon), dies at 83
1903 - Gaspar Núñez de Arce, Spanish dramatist and statesman (b. 1834)
1905 - Marcel Schwob, French writer/journalist (Coeur double), dies
1915 - Charles Emile Waldteufel, composer, dies at 77
1916 - J W Richard Dedekind, German mathematician, dies
1920 - Emile Sauret, composer, dies at 67
1920 - Jean Allemane, French socialist/communard (allemanisten), dies at 77
1920 - Ottalee Baker, Frank "Home Run" Baker's wife, dies at 31
1921 - Charles Leslie, cricketer (4 Tests England v Australia 1882-83), dies
1929 - Freiherr Albert von Schrenk-Notzing, Ger para-psychologist, dies at 66
1929 - Lillie Langtry, British singer and actress (b. 1853)
1931 - Samedbey Mehmandarov, Russian general (b. 1855)
1933 - Henri Duparc, French composer, dies at 85
1935 - Auguste Escoffier, French chef (b. 1846)
1942 - Grant Wood, US painter (American Gothic), dies at 49
1945 - Henrietta Szold, founder (Hadassah, Youth Aliyah), dies
1945 - Walraven [Wally] van Hall, Dutch banker/resisted Nazis, executed at 39
1945 - Antonio Villa-Real, Filipino jurist (b. 1880)
1947 - Sidney Toler, actor (Charlie Chan, Dark Alibi), dies at 72
1949 - Hassan al Banna, Egyptian founder of the Muslim Brotherhood (b. 1906)
1951 - Choudhary Rehmat Ali, Pakistani nationalist (b. 1897)
1954 - Dziga Vertov, [Kaufman], Russian dir (3 Songs of Lenin), dies at 58
1955 - Tom Moore, actor (Ladies be Seated, Majority Rules), dies at 71
1957 - Johannes Anker Larsen, Danish writer (Martha og Maria), dies at 82
1957 - Eric Alfred Knudsen, American folklorist (b. 1872)
1958 - Marcel Cachin, 1st communist French senator, dies at 88
1960 - Bobby Clark, vaudevillan (World's funniest circus clown), dies at 71
1965 - Henry Kulky, actor (Otto-Life of Riley), dies at 53
1969 - Johanna EFG Tourniaire, actress (Potasch & Perlemoer), dies at 80
1970 - Andre Souris, composer, dies at 79
1971 - George Shelton, actor (It Pays to be Ignorant), dies at 86
Department Store Founder James Cash PenneyDepartment Store Founder James Cash Penney (1971) 1971 - James Cash Penney, US founder (J C Penney), dies at 95
1973 - Benjamin Frankel, composer, dies at 67
1976 - James Clifton Williams, composer (Sinfonians), dies at 52
1976 - Sal Mineo, actor (Exodus, Rebel Without a Cause), stabbed at 37
1979 - Jean Renoir, French writer/director (Human Beast), dies at 84
1980 - Floyd Taliaferro Alderson, actor (Crossing Trails), dies
1980 - Muriel Rukeyser, American poet (b. 1913)
1981 - Jean Dixon, actress (Joy of Livng, You Only Live Once), dies
1982 - Cornelis Rijnsdorp, Dutch writer (Culprit), dies at 87
1982 - Hal Hooker, cricket (307 partners with Kippax for last wicket), dies
1982 - Victor Jory, actor (Adv of Tom Sawyer, 1st Lady, Jigsaw), dies at 79
1983 - Eubie Blake, US ragtime-composer/pianist (Memories of You), dies at 96
1984 - Julio Cort zar, Argentina writer (Final del Juego), dies at 69
1984 - Anna Anderson, claimant to the throne of Russia (b. 1896)
1985 - Nicholas Colssanto, actor (Coach-Cheers), dies at 61
1986 - Guy Douglas Hamilton Warrack, composer, dies at 86
1986 - Sid Stone, comedian (Milton Berle Show), dies at 82
1987 - Lang Jeffries, Canadian actor (Skip-Rescue 8), dies at 55
1989 - Mauritius Balfoort, French/Flemish director, dies at 83
1989 - Thomas Bernhard, Dutch/Austrian writer (Heldenplatz), dies at 58
1991 - Edward A Blatt, director (Between 2 Worlds), dies at 88
1991 - Robert Wagner, mayor (NYC-D-1954-65), dies
1991 - Roger Patterson, American death metal bass player (b. 1968)
1992 - Bep [Lambertus] van Klaveren, boxing champ (Olympic-gold-1928), dies
1992 - Dorothy Tree, actress (Abe Lincoln in Illinois, Nazi Agent), dies
1992 - Ton Brandsteder, CEO (Sony Netherland BV), dies at 74
1993 - James Bulger, English child beaten to death at 2, by 10 yr old boys
1994 - Donald Judd, US furniture maker/architect/artist, dies at 65
1994 - Sue Rodriguez, Canadian assisted suicide advocate (b. 1950)
1995 - Earring George Mayweather, blues harmonica player, dies at 66
1995 - L Jansma, Fries publisher (Friese stamp), dies
1995 - Rachid Mimouni, Algerian author (L'Honneur de la Tribu), dies at 49
1995 - Terence Beckles, pianist/teacher, dies at 82
1995 - Tony Secunda, rock band manager, dies at 54
1996 - Roger Omond, journalist, dies at 51
1996 - Bob Shaw, Northern Irish novelist (b. 1931)
1997 - Nora Beloff, journalist, dies at 78

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