This Day in History for 16th February

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 182

374 - 9th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet
600 - Pope Gregory the Great decreea saying "God bless You" is the correct response to a sneeze
1249 - Andrew of Longjumeau is dispatched by Louis IX of France as his ambassador to meet with the Khan of the Mongols.
1486 - Diet of Frankfort
1512 - Battle at Valeggio: French troops beat Venetianen
1559 - Pope Paul IV calls for deposition of sovereigns supporting heresy
1641 - English king Charles I accepts Triennial Act
1646 - Battle of Great Torrington, Devon - the last major battle of the first English Civil War.
1659 - 1st known cheque (£400) (on display at Westminster Abbey)
1666 - Netherlands & Brandenburg sign treaty
1677 - Earl of Shaftesbury arrested and confined in the Tower of London
1741 - Benjamin Franklin's General Magazine (2nd US Mag) begins publishing
United States Founding Father Benjamin FranklinUnited States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin 1742 - Earl of Wilmington becomes British premier (First Lord of the Treasury)
1751 - 1st publication of Gray's "Elegy Written in a Country Church Yard"
1760 - Native American hostages killed in Fort Prince George, SC
1771 - Messier presents his original list of 45 M-objects to French Academy
1777 - Messier adds M53 to his catalog (globular cluster in Coma Berenice)
1804 - Lt Stephen Decatur raids Tripoli Harbor & burns Navy frigate "Philadelphia" after pirates seized it
1824 - Athenaeum club founded in London
1832 - HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin reaches St-Pauls (1°N, 29°W)
Naturalist Charles DarwinNaturalist Charles Darwin 1838 - Kentucky passes law permitting women to attend school under conditions
1838 - Weenen Massacre: Hundreds of Voortrekkers along the Blaukraans River, Natal are killed by Zulus.
1840 - American Charles Wilkes discovers Shackleton Ice Shelf, Antarctica
1846 - Battle of Sobraon ends 1st Sikh War in India
1852 - Studebaker Brothers wagon company, precursor of the automobile manufacturer, is established.
1854 - Franz Liszts symphony "Orpheus," premieres
1857 - Gallaudet College (National Deaf Mute college) forms in Washington DC
1859 - The French Government passes a law to set the A-note above middle C to a frequency of 435 Hz, in an attempt to standardize the pitch.
Composer/Pianist Franz LisztComposer/Pianist Franz Liszt 1860 - Dutch Rochussen/Van Bosse government resigns
1862 - Ft Donelson captured by General Ulysses S. Grant (1,400 confederates surrender)
1864 - Battle of Mobile, AL - operations by Union Army
1866 - Spencer Compton Cavendish, Marquess of Hartington becomes the British Secretary of State for War.
1868 - Benevolent & Protective Order of Elks forms (NY)
1878 - Silver dollar became US legal tender
1880 - American Society of Mechanical Engineers forms (NYC)
1883 - "Ladies Home Journal" begins publishing
1887 - 1st newspaper convention (Rochester NY)
1887 - Eduard Douwes Dekker writes his last text (Lf8-c5)
1892 - Opera "Werther," premieres in Vienna
US President & Union General Ulysses S. GrantUS President & Union General Ulysses S. Grant 1894 - British troops occupy Ilorin, Gold Coast
1899 - Pelham Warner scores 132 on Test Cricket debut (Eng v SA Johannesburg)
1899 - President Félix Faure of France dies in office.
1899 - Knattspyrnufélag Reykjavíkur Iceland's first football club is founded.
1900 - 1st Chinese daily newspaper in US publishes (Chung Sai Yat Po-SF)
1900 - Stanley Cup: Montreal Shamrocks beat Winnipeg Victorias, 3 games to 1
1903 - -59°F (-51°C), Pokegama Dam, Minnesota (state record)
1905 - 1st US Esperanto club organizes in Boston
1909 - 1st subway car with side doors goes into service (NYC)
1909 - Serbia mobilizes against Austria-Hungary
1912 - VSV soccer team forms in Ijmuiden
27th US President William Howard Taft27th US President William Howard Taft 1913 - President Taft agrees not to intervene in Mexico
1914 - 1st airplane flight from LA to SF
1915 - Frank Home Run Baker, 28, announces retirement following a contract dispute with Connie Mack. He sits out 1915 season
1916 - Russian troops conquer the Ottoman Empire city of Erzurum during WWI
1916 - The US rejects the right of Germany and Austria-Hungary to sink armed merchant ships
1916 - The German ambassador in Washington announces that Germany will pay an indemnity for American lives lost on the Lusitania
1917 - 1st synagogue in 425 years opens in Madrid
1918 - Lithuania declares independence from Russia & Germany (National Day)
1923 - Allies accept Latvia's occupation of Memel territory
Archaeologist and Discoverer of Tutankhamun Howard CarterArchaeologist and Discoverer of Tutankhamun Howard Carter 1923 - Howard Carter opens the inner burial chamber of the Pharaoh Tutankhamen's tomb and finds the sarcophagus
1923 - US female Figure Skating championship won by Theresa Weld Blanchard
1923 - US male Figure Skating championship won by Sherwin Badger
1926 - Suzanne Lenglen defeats Helen Wills in Tennis at Cannes France
1927 - Noel Coward's "Marquise," premieres in London
1927 - US restores diplomatic relations with Turkey
1929 - KID-AM in Idaho Falls ID begins radio transmissions
1931 - Extreme right wing Pehr Evind Svinhufvud becomes president of Finland
1932 - 1st patent issued for a tree, to James Markham for a peach tree
1933 - Catholic newspaper Germania warns against nazis/communists
1933 - England regains the Ashes, thanks to bodyline tactics
1934 - Austrian Civil War ends with the defeat of the Social Democrats and the Republican Schutzbund.
1934 - Commission of Government is sworn in as form of direct rule for the Dominion of Newfoundland.
1936 - 4th Winter Olympic games close at Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany
1936 - Spanish Frente Popular (People's Front) wins elections
1937 - DuPont Corp patents nylon, developed by employee Wallace H Carothers
1937 - Jean Anouilh's "Le Voyageur Sans Baggage," premieres in Paris
1938 - US Federal Crop Insurance program authorized
1940 - British search plane finds German Altmark off Norway
1942 - German submarines attack Aruba oil refinery
1943 - -32°F (-36°C), Falls Village, Connecticut (state record)
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston ChurchillSoldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill 1943 - British premier Winston Churchill gets pneumonia
1943 - Red army conquers Kharkov
1943 - Withdrawing Afrika Korps reaches Mareth-line in North-Africa
1943 - Sign on Munich facade: "Out with Hitler! Long live freedom!" done by "White Rose" student group, caught on 2/18, beheaded on 2/22
1943 - World War II: The USSR reconquers Kharkov.
1945 - US forces land on Corregidor, complete conquest on March 3
1945 - Venezuela declares war on Nazi Germany
1946 - "Duchess Misbehaves" closes at Adelphi Theater NYC after 5 perfs
1946 - 1st commercially designed helicopter tested, Bridgeport Ct
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf HitlerDictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler 1947 - Morton Gould's 3rd Symphony, premieres
1948 - 1st newsreel telecast, "20th Century Fox-Movietone News" shown on NBC
1948 - Miranda, famous moon of Uranus, photographed for 1st time
1950 - Longest-running prime-time game show, "What's My Line" begins on CBS
1950 - Writers fail to elect anyone to Baseball's Hall of Fame
1951 - NYC passes bill prohibiting racism in city-assisted housing
1951 - SF City Hall dome fire
1952 - Hall of Famer Honus Wagner, 77, retires; Pirates retire his #33
1952 - Ian Craig makes NSW cricket debut aged 16 years 249 days (NSW record)
Baseball Player Ted WilliamsBaseball Player Ted Williams 1953 - Ted Williams safely crash-lands his damaged Panther jet, later awarded the Air medal
1954 - WNEM TV channel 5 in Bay City, MI (NBC) begins broadcasting

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 256

1032 - Emperor Yingzong of China (d. 1067)
1075 - Ordericus Vitalis, French monk/historian/poet
1222 - Nichiren, Japan, Buddhist priest/saint
1497 - Philipp Melanchthon, Germ, Protestant reformer (Augsburgse Confessie)
1519 - Gaspard de Coligny, Huguenot leader/French admiral
1543 - Kano Eitoku, Japanese painter (d. 1590)
1620 - Frederick William, Great Elector, founder of Brandenburg-Prussia
1643 - John Sharp, English Archbishop of York (d. 1714)
1669 - Arnold Boonen, Dutch portrait painter
1684 - Bohuslav Matěj Černohorský, Nymburk, Bohemia, Czech monk/composer
1698 - Pierre Bouguer, French mathematician (heliometer)
1709 - Charles Avison, composer
1727 - Nikolaus Joseph von Jacquin, Austrian scientist (d. 1817)
1740 - Giambattista Bodoni, Saluzzo Italy, printer/typeface designer (Bodoni)
1746 - Johann Heinse, German Sturm und Drang novelist/art critic
1761 - Charles Pichegru, French general (d. 1804)
1774 - Pierre Rode, composer
1786 - Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna of Russia (d. 1859)
1787 - Andreas Schelfhout, Dutch painter/etcher/lithographer
1788 - Juan van Halen, Dutch/Spanish officer/adventurer
1790 - Chretien Urhan, composer
1802 - Phineas Parkhurst Quimby, American philosopher (d. 1866)
1804 - Karl Theodor Ernst von Siebold, German physiologist (d. 1885)
1807 - Lysander Cutler, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1866
1812 - Henry Wilson, (R) 18th VP (1873-75)
1813 - Joseph Reid Anderson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army) died in 1892
1813 - Semyon Stepanovich Gulak-Artemovsky, composer
1821 - Heinrich Barth, Hamburg Germany, geographer/explorer (Central Africa)
1822 - Francis Galton, Birmingham England, anthropologist & geneticist
1822 - James Patton Anderson, Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1872
1823 - John Daniel Imboden, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1895
1824 - Peter Kozler, Slovenian cartographer and geographer (d. 1879)
1826 - Franz von Holstein, composer
1826 - Joseph V von Scheffel, German writer (Gaudeamus)
1831 - Nikolai Leskow, writer
1832 - Camille Armand Jules Marie de Polignac, Mjr General (Confederate Army)
1834 - Ernst Heinrich Haeckel, Potsdam Germ, biologist (Causes of Evolution)
1836 - Benjamin Edward Woolf, Dutch composer
1838 - Arnoldus Pannevis, South African ship's doctor/linguist
1838 - Henry Adams, Boston Mass, historian, writer (Education of Henry Adams)
1847 - Ludwig Philipp Scharwenka, German composer (Album polonaise)
1848 - Hugo de Vries, Dutch botanist (How species emerge)
1850 - Octave Mirbeau, France, writer (Journal of a Lady's Maid)
1852 - Charles Taze Russell, religion founder (Jehovah's Witnesses)
1852 - William Scarborough, Macon Ga, linguist/author (Birds of Aristophanes)
1854 - Oscar Fetras, composer
1856 - Willem Kes, Dutch violinist/composer/conductor (Parkorkest Amsterdam)
1856 - Rudolph Karstadt, German entrepreneur (d. 1944)
1858 - Laurence "Lon" Myers, US, track star (top US miler)
1866 - Johann Strauss, Austria, composer (Waltz King)
1866 - Vyacheslav I Ivanov, Russian philosopher/classical/poet [NS=Feb 28]
1866 - William "Sliding Billy" Hamilton, NJ, hall of fame baseball player
1868 - Wilhelm Schmidt, German anthropologist/linguist (Anthropos)
1874 - Marie Gutheil-Schoder, German soprano (d. 1935)
1876 - George Macauley Trevelyan, England, historian (Giuseppi Garibaldi)
1878 - Selim Palmgren, Finnish pianist/composer/conductor (Peter Schlemihl)
1880 - Frank Burke, American baseball player (d. 1946)
1881 - Maurits H E Uyldert, Dutch poet/writer (Youth of a Poet)
1883 - Elizabeth Craig, British writer (d. 1980)
1884 - Robert Flaherty, Mich, father of documentary film (Nanook of North)
1886 - Andrew Ducat, cricketer (Test for Eng 1921 (3 & 2) Soccer intl)
1886 - Van Wyck Brooks, NJ, literary historian/writer (Ordeal of Mark Twain)
1887 - Kathleen Clifford, American actress (d. 1962)
1890 - Semyon Semyonovich Bogatiryov, composer
1891 - Hans F. K. Günther, German eugenicist (d. 1967)
1893 - Ivor Armstrong Richards, England, literary critic [OS]
1896 - Alexander Brailowsky, Russia, pianist (Chopin)
1898 - Katharine Cornell, actress (Barretts of Wimpole St)
1900 - Albert Maurice Hackett, playwright/screenwriter
1901 - Chester Morris, NYC, actor (Diagnosis: Unknown)
1901 - Wayne King, Savannah Ill, saxophonist/bandleader (Waltz King)
1901 - Vincent Coleman, American actor (d. 1971)
1903 - Edgar Bergen, Chicago, ventriloquist (Charlie McCarthy)
1903 - George-Henri Lévesque, Quebec priest and sociologist (d. 2000)
1904 - Ellis Achong, cricketer (West Indian SLA, 8 wickets in 6 Tests)
1904 - George F Kennan, Milwaukee Wisc, US ambassador (to Moscow)
1905 - José Muñoz Molleda, a Spanish composer, journalist, jurist and politician
1905 - Lord Franks, British ambassador (to US)
1906 - Vera Menchik, Moscow, 1st official women's world chess champ (1927)
1907 - Fernando Previtali, composer
1907 - Henri van Albada, Belgian sculptor (Charles V)
1909 - Hugh Beaumont, Lawrence Ks, actor (Ward Cleaver-Leave it to Beaver)
1909 - Jeffrey Lynn, Auburn, Massachusetts, American actor (Four Daughters, Roaring Twenties)
1909 - Richard McDonald, American fast food pioneer (d. 1998)
1910 - Michael Milne-Watson, CEO (BUPA)
1910 - Miguel Bernal Jiminez, composer
1911 - Hal Porter, Australia, writer (Tilted Cross, Paper Chase)
1912 - Arthur Crook, British editor (Times Literary Supplement)
1912 - Bob Tadema Sporry, Dutch (female) author
1912 - Del Sharbutt, Cleburne Tx, TV announcer (Your Hit Parade)
1912 - Machito "Frank Grillo", Florida, bandleader (created salsa music)
1912 - Maitland Mackie, Lord Lt (Aberdeenshire)
1914 - J Tobin, British anaesthetist
1914 - Jimmy Wakely, Mineola Ark, country vocalist (5 Star Jubilee)
1915 - Michael Relph, British film producer and director (d. 2004)
1916 - William Ballard Doggett, jazz musician
1918 - Patty Andrews, Minneapolis, Minnesota, American vocalist (Andrews Sisters)
1920 - Hubert van Herreweghen, Flemish writer/journalist
1920 - Lee Russell, Cleveland Oh, vocalist (Vincent Lopez)
1920 - Anna Mae Hays, American army general

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 9 of 9

1655 - Dutch Grand Pensionary advisor Johan de Witt marries Wendela Bicker
Prime Minister of Canada John A. MacdonaldPrime Minister of Canada John A. Macdonald (1867) 1867 - Prime Minister of Canada John A. Macdonald (52) weds Agnes Bernard (30) at St George's Church in Hanover Square, London
1948 - Baseball player and manager Leo Durocher (41) weds actress Laraine Day (27) in Santa Monica, California
1955 - Playwright Brendan Behan (32) weds Beatrice Salkeld at Donnybrook Church in Dublin, Ireland
1967 - Hairdresser and businessman Vidal Sassoon (39) weds actress Beverly Adams (21)
1969 - Country singer Tammy Wynette (26) weds musician George Jones (37)
1974 - MLB player Mike Schmidt (24) weds Donna Wightman
2011 - Indian tennis ace Mahesh Bhupati (36) weds Bollywood actress and former Miss Universe (2000) Lara Dutta (32) at Bandra, Mumbai
MLB Third Baseman Mike SchmidtMLB Third Baseman Mike Schmidt (1974) 2013 - "Devious Maids" actress Dania Ramirez (33) weds director Bev Land on the beach in Punta Cana, Dominican Republic

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 2 of 2

Actress Farrah FawcettActress Farrah Fawcett (1982) 1982 - Lee Majors & Farrah Fawcett Majors divorce
1989 - Jane Fonda & Tom Hayden separate after 16 years of marriage

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 117

309 - Pamphilus van Caesarea, Palestinian scholar/martyr, beheaded
923 - Abu Dja'far Mohammed Djarir al-Tabari, islamic historian, dies at 83
1247 - Heinrich Raspe, Landgrave of Thuringia (b. 1204)
1279 - Afonso III, King of Portugal (1248-79), dies
1391 - Johannes V Palaeologus, Emperor of Byzantium (1341-91), dies
1531 - Johannes Stöffler, German mathematician and astronomer (b. 1452)
1538 - Everhard/Erardus van de Mark, prince-bishop of Liege, dies at 65
1560 - Jean du Bellay, French Catholic cardinal and diplomat
1653 - Johannes Schultz, composer, dies at 70
1710 - Esprit Fléchier, French writer and Bishop of Nîmes (b. 1632)
1721 - James Craggs the Younger, English politician (b. 1686)
1754 - Richard Mead, physician, dies
1779 - William Boyce, English organist/composer (Cathedral Music), dies
1791 - Richard earl d'Alton, Austria general of S Neth, commits suicide at 58
1799 - Charles Theoby, ruler (Palts & Bayern), dies at 74
1803 - Jan V clav Stich, Bohemian composer, dies at 56
1820 - Georg Carl von Döbeln, Swedish Lieutenant General and war hero (b. 1758).
1823 - Johann Gottfried Schict, composer, dies at 69
1823 - Pierre-Paul Prud'hon, French Romantic painter and draughtsman best known for his allegorical paintings and portraits
1825 - George Gerson, composer, dies at 34
1829 - Francois-Joseph Gossec, Belg/Fr composer (Messe of Morts), dies at 95
1834 - Lionel Lukin, life boat pioneer, dies
1844 - Joseph Crosfield, English soap and alkali manufacturer (b. 1792)
1851 - Anne Nagell van Ampsen, Dutch politician, dies at 95
1857 - Auguste-Gaspard-Louis Desnoyers, French engraver, dies at 77
1857 - Elisha Kent Kane, Arctic explorer (Kane Basin), dies at 37
1858 - Georg F Creuzer, German philological/historian, dies at 86
1864 - Vaclav Jindrich Veit, composer, dies at 58
1892 - Henry Walter Bates, naturalist/explorer (South America), dies
1898 - Thomas Bracken, New Zealand poet (b. 1843)
1899 - Francois Félix Faure, president of France (1895-99), dies at 57
1900 - George Labram, US mine engineer in South Africa, dies in battle
1907 - Giosuè Carducci, Italian writer, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1835)
1910 - Albert Heinrich Zabel, composer, dies at 75
1912 - Edgar Evans, British explorer (Antarctica), dies
1912 - St. Nikolai of Japan, Eastern Orthodox priest (b. 1836)
1915 - Emil Waldteufel, [Charles Levy], French composer (Estudiantina), dies
1916 - Jeltje de Bosch Kemper, Dutch feminist, dies at 79
1916 - [Gerard] Jan Ligthart, Dutch educator (Ot & Sien), dies at 57
1917 - Octave Mirbeau, French writer (b. 1848)
1919 - Vera Kholodnaya, Russian film star (b. 1893)
1928 - Eddie Foy, American singer and dancer (b. 1856)
1932 - Ferdinand Buisson, French pacifist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1841)
1933 - Archie Jackson, cricketer (of TB, Aus bat too briefly Avg 47.4), dies
1934 - Eduard Bagritsky, [Dzjubin], Russ poet/journalist, dies at 38
1936 - Tommy Ward, South African cricket wicket keeper (23 Tests), electrocuted
1938 - Otto zur Linde, German author (Lieder of the Leids), dies at 64
1939 - Jura Soyfer, writer, dies at 26
1944 - Edmund von Borck, composer, dies at 37
1945 - Billy Frank, cricketer (Test South Africa v Eng 1896, 5 & 2, 1-52), dies
1945 - Rudolf Vornlund, Swedish playwright (Upproret), dies at 45
1950 - David Denton, cricketer (England batsman in 11 Tests 1905-10), dies
1951 - Henri Velge, 1st chairman (Belgian Council of State), dies at 65
1952 - Knut [Pedersen] Hamsun, Norwegian writer (Wanders, Nobel 1920), dies
1957 - Leslie Hore-Belisha, [Lord Halifax], Brit min of Transport, dies at 63
1963 - Laszlo Lajtha, composer, dies at 70
1966 - Hendrik W Tilanus, artillery officer/leader (CHU 1939-63), dies at 81
1967 - Smiley Burnette, cowboy (Charlie-Petticoat Junction), dies at 55
1968 - Healey Willan, composer, dies at 87
1973 - Pieter Van der Bijl, cricketer (outstanding S Af bat in 1938-39), dies
1974 - John Garand, Canadian rifle engineer and manufacturer (b. 1888)
1975 - Morgan Taylor, American athlete (b. 1903)
1975 - Norman Treigle, American bass-baritone (b. 1927)
1978 - E. Roland Harriman, American financier (b. 1895)
1979 - Louise Allbritton, actress (Celia-Stage Door), dies at 58
1979 - Nematullah Nassiri, Iran general/head of Savak, executed
1979 - William Gargan, actor (New Adventures of Martin Kane), dies at 73
1980 - Erich Hückel, German physicist (b. 1895)
1981 - Howard Hanson, composer, dies at 84
1984 - Ken Williams, TV announcer (Video Village), dies at 69
1985 - Larry Ward, actor (Frank Ragan-Dakotas), dies at 69
1986 - Howard Da Silva, Cleve Oh, actor (Ben Franklin-1776), dies at 76
1988 - Jean Carignan, French Canadian fiddler (b. 1916)
Artist & Social Activist Keith HaringArtist & Social Activist Keith Haring (1990) 1990 - Keith Haring, American graffiti artist (brilliant baby), dies of AIDS at 31
1991 - Enrique B Varela, commandant Nicaragua contra's, dies
1992 - Abbas Musawi, leader of Hezbollah, assassinated
1992 - Angela Carter, British novelist (Magic Toyshop), dies of cancer at 51
1992 - George Mann MacBeth, Scottish journalist/poet (A War Quartet), dies
1992 - Janio Quadros, president of Brazil (1961), dies
1992 - Winand J Borgerhoff Mulder, court judge Amster (squaters), dies at 78
1993 - Donald Phelps, dies of AIDS at 61
1993 - Richard Salant, news president (CBS-60 Minutes), dies at 78
1995 - John Everett Allen, US businessman, dies at 91
1995 - Martin Soames, traveller, dies at 91
1996 - Charles McCorquodale, art historian, dies at 47
1996 - Edmund G "Pat" Brown, politician, dies at 90
1996 - Kenneth Robinson, politician/businessman, dies at 84
1996 - MacLean Stevenson, actor (M*A*S*H), dies of heart attack at 66
1996 - Roger Bowen, actor (M*A*S*H, Main Event, What about Bob), dies at 62
1996 - Susan Bosence, textile designer, dies at 82
1996 - Walter Brown "Brownie" McGhee, American blues singer/guitarist, dies at 80
1997 - Chien-Shiung Wu, Chinese-American physicist (b. 1912)
1999 - Michael Larson, Press Your Luck Big-winning contestant (b. 1949)
2000 - Marceline Day, American actress (b. 1908)
2000 - Karsten Solheim, Norwegian-born engineer and inventor (b. 1911)
2000 - Lila Kedrova, Russian-born actress (b. 1918)
2001 - Howard W. Koch, American film director (b. 1916)
2001 - William Masters, American gynecologist and sexologist (b. 1915)
2001 - Bob Buhl, baseball player (b. 1928)
2002 - Walter Winterbottom, England football manager (b. 1913)

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