This Day in History for 17th February

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 183

1370 - Battle at Rudau: Germany beats Lithuania
1500 - Battle of Hemmingstedt.
1568 - Holy Roman Emperor agrees to pay tribute to the Sultan for peace
1598 - Boris Godunov chosen tsar of Russia
1600 - Philosopher Giordano Bruno is burned alive at Campo de' Fiori in Rome, charged of heresy.
1634 - William Prynne tried in Star Chamber for publishing "Histrio-masti
1670 - France & Bavaria sign military assistance treaty
1691 - Thomas Neale granted British patent for American postal service
1714 - Parliament of Paris accepts Pope Clemens XI's "Unigenitus" degree
1772 - 1st partition of Poland-Russia & Prussia, joined later by Austria
1776 - 1st volume of Gibbon's "Decline & Fall of Roman Empire" published
1791 - Messier catalogs M83 (spiral galaxy in Hydra)
Historian Edward GibbonHistorian Edward Gibbon 1795 - Thomas Seddal harvests 8.3-kg potato from his garden Chester, England
1801 - US House of Representatives breaks electoral college tie, chooses Thomas Jefferson President over Burr
1814 - Battle of Mormans.
1817 - 1st US city lit by gas (Baltimore)
1818 - Baron Karl von Drais de Sauerbrun patents "draisine" (early bicycle)
1836 - HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin leaves Tasmania
1848 - Toscane gets liberal Constitution
1854 - Britain recognises independence of Orange Free State (South Africa)
1859 - Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Un Ballo in maschera" premieres in Napoli
Composer Giuseppe VerdiComposer Giuseppe Verdi 1864 - Confederate submarine HL Hunley sinks Union ship Housatonic
1865 - -18] Battle of Charleston SC
1865 - Columbia SC burns down during Civil War
1867 - 1st ship passes through Suez Canal
1867 - Gyula Andressy becomes premier of Hungary
1870 - Esther Morris appointed 1st female judge
1870 - Mississippi becomes 9th state readmitted to US after Civil War
1876 - Sardines 1st canned (Julius Wolff-Eastport, Maine)
1878 - 1st telephone exchange in SF opens with 18 phones
1880 - Tsar Alexander II of Russia survives an assassination attempt
1882 - 1st Test Cricket match played at Sydney Cricket Ground
1883 - A Ashwell patents free-toilet in London
German Statesman Otto Von BismarckGerman Statesman Otto Von Bismarck 1885 - Bismarck gives Carl Peters' firm management of East-Africa
1896 - Muzzling Order on the London County Council enforced
1897 - National Organization of Mothers forms (Parent Teacher Association)
1902 - A general strike in Barcelona and nearby towns leads to government-troop reprisals that leave 40 dead
1904 - Giacomo Puccini's opera "Madama Butterfly," premieres in Milan
1905 - Frances Willard becomes 1st women honored in National Statuary Hall
1911 - 1st hydroplane flight to & from a ship (Glenn Curtiss, San Diego)
1913 - 1st minimum wage law in US takes effect (Oregon)
Artist Pablo PicassoArtist Pablo Picasso 1913 - NY Armory Show introduces Picasso, Matisse, Duchamp to US public
1915 - Edward Stone, 1st US combatant to die in WW I, is mortally wounded
1916 - Romberg/Hanley/Atteridge/Smith' musical premieres in NYC
1921 - Arthur Honegger's "Pastorale D'ete," premieres
1923 - Ottawa Senator Cy Denneny becomes NHL's all time scorer (143 goals)
1924 - Johnny Weissmuller sets 100-yard freestyle record (52.4 seconds)
1926 - Avalanche buries 75 in Sap Gulch Bingham Utah, 40 die
1930 - French government of Tardieu falls
1931 - 1st telecast of a sporting event in Japan (baseball)
1931 - Hockey's Hershey Bears (now with AHL) 1st game
Composer and Lyricist Irving BerlinComposer and Lyricist Irving Berlin 1932 - Irving Berlin's musical "Face the Music," premieres in NYC
1933 - 1st issue of "Newsweek" magazine published
1933 - Marinus van der Lubbe arrives in Glindow, at Potsdam
1933 - US Senate accept Blaine Act: ending prohibition
1934 - 1st high school auto driving course offered (State College, Penn)
1936 - "Phantom" cartoon strip by Lee Falk debuts
1936 - -58°F (-50°C), McIntosh, South Dakota (state record)
1936 - SN Behrmann's "End of Summer," premieres in NYC
1936 - The world's first superhero, The Phantom, makes his first appearance in comics.
1938 - 1st public experimental demonstration of Baird color TV (London)
1939 - Katwijk soccer team forms
1940 - Bradman scores 135 in a non-Shield match for SA v West Australia
1940 - Crew of the British destroyer Cossack board German Altmark in Jøssingfjord, Norway, and realised 299 British prisoners after hand-to-hand fighting with bayonets and the last recorded Royal Naval action with cutlass.
1941 - Joe Louis KOs Gus Dorazio in 2 for heavyweight boxing title
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf HitlerDictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler 1943 - -19] Hitler visits fieldmarshal von Mansteins hq in Zaporozje
1943 - Dutch churches protest at Seyss-Inquart against persecution of Jews
1943 - Gen-major Bradley flies to Wash DC
1943 - NY Yankee Joe DiMaggio, enlists into the US army
1944 - Battle of Eniwetok Atoll begins; US victory on Feb 22
1944 - US begins night bombing of Truk
1946 - Humanistic Covenant forms in Amsterdam
1947 - Dutch RC bishops publish manifest against "godless communism"
1947 - Voice of America begins broadcasting to USSR
1949 - Chaim Weitzman elected 1st president of Israel
1949 - Ice Pairs Championship at Paris won by Andrea Kekesy/Ede Kiraly of HUN
1949 - Ladies Figure Skating Champions in Paris won by Alena Vrzanova of CZE
1949 - Men's Figure Skating Championship in Paris won by Richard Button USA
1949 - Richard Button retains world figure skating championship in Paris
1950 - 31 die in a train crash in Rockville Center NY
1953 - DSB soccer team forms in Eindhoven
1954 - WAST (now WNYT) TV channel 13 in Albany-Troy, NY (NBC) 1st broadcast
1955 - Ice Dance Championship at Vienna Austria won by J Westwood/Demmy GRB
1955 - Ice Pairs Championship at Vienna won by Frances Dafoe & Bowden of CAN
1955 - KTVF TV channel 11 in Fairbanks, AK (CBS/ABC) begins broadcasting
1955 - Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Vienna won by Tenley Albright US
1955 - Mike Souchak sets PGA 72-hole record of 257
1956 - Ice Dance Championship at Garmisch won by Pamela Weight/P Thomas GRB
1956 - Ice Pairs Championship at Garmisch won by Schwarz & Oppelt of AUT
1956 - Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Garmisch won by Carol Heiss USA
1956 - Men's Figure Skating Championship in Garmisch won by H A Jenkins USA
1957 - Fire in Warreton, Mo kills 72
1957 - Mary Lena Faulk wins LPGA St Petersburg Golf Open
1957 - Suez Canal reopens
1957 - A fire at a home for the elderly in Warrenton, Missouri kills 72 people.
1958 - Comic strip "BC" 1st appears
1958 - WETV (now WPBA) TV channel 30 in Atlanta, GA (PBS) begins broadcasting
1959 - 1st weather satellite launched, Vanguard 2, 9.8 kg
1962 - Beach Boys introduced a new musical style with their hit "Surfin"
1962 - Storm in Hamburg kills 265

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 263

1444 - Rudolf Agricola, [Roelof Huysman], Dutch humanist/organist
1490 - Charles de Bourbon, officer/governor (Lombardy)
1519 - Francis, Duke of Guise, French soldier and politician (d. 1563)
1581 - Fausto Poli, Italian Catholic priest (d. 1653)
1583 - J Henry Alting, Dutch theologist
1646 - Pierre Le Pesant, sieur de Boisguilbert, French economist (d. 1714)
1653 - Arcangelo Corelli, Fusignano Italy, violinist/comp (Concerto Grossi)
1667 - Georg Bronner, composer
1675 - Johann Melchior Conradi, composer
1696 - Baron Ernst Gottlieb, composer
1697 - Louis-Maurice de La Pierre, composer
1699 - Hans Georg Wenzeslaus von Knobelsdorff, German architect (Sanssouci)
1718 - Matthew Tilghman, American Continental Congressman (d. 1790)
1723 - Tobias Mayer, "method of lunars" for longitude determination
1740 - Horace B de Saussure, Swiss physicist/geologist
1747 - Narciso Casanovas, composer
1752 - Friedrich M Klinger, German playwright (Wirrwarr)
1754 - Jan Jachym Kopriva, composer
1754 - Nicolas Baudin, French explorer (d. 1803)
1758 - John Pinkerton, Scottish historian
1774 - Raphaelle Peale, US, painter (After the Rain-1823)
1781 - René-Theophile-Hyacinthe Lannec, France, inventor (stethoscope)
1796 - Giovanni Pacini, composer
1796 - Philipp Franz von Siebold, German physician (d. 1866)
1804 - Samuel Read Anderson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1883
1816 - Friedrich Wilhelm Markull, composer
1816 - Haller Nutt, Southern Plantation owner (d. 1864)
1820 - Henri Vieuxtemps, Verviers Belgium, composer/teacher (Brussels Cons)
1820 - Elzéar-Alexandre Taschereau, Catholic cardinal (d. 1898)
1821 - Lola Montez, Irish dancer (d. 1861)
1824 - William Farrar "Baldy" Smith, Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1903
1831 - Francisco Salvador Daniel, composer
1836 - Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer, Spanish poet (d. 1870)
1837 - Francis Jay Herron, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1902
1837 - Sam[uel] van Houten, Dutch (lib) minister (child labor laws)
1844 - A Montgomery Ward, found mail-order business (Montgomery Ward)
1848 - Louisa Lawson, Australian suffragist and writer (d. 1920)
1849 - Selwyn Image, Bodiam Sussex, painter
1850 - Anton Urspruch, composer
1850 - Ludwig Bonvin, composer
1854 - Friedrich A Krupp, German arms manufacturer
1855 - Otto Liman von Sanders, German general in Turkey (WW I)
1857 - Samuel Sidney McClure, Irish-American newspaper editor/publisher
1858 - Ernest Ford, composer
1861 - Princess Helena, Duchess of Albany (d. 1922)
1862 - Edward German (Jones), Whitchurch Shropshire, British composer
1862 - Mori Ōgai, Japanese novelist and poet (d. 1922)
1863 - Fyodor Sologub, Russian symbolist novelist and poet (d. 1927)
1864 - Andrew Barton "Banjo" Paterson, NSW Australia, poet (Waltzing Matilda)
1864 - Jozef Murgaš, Slovak inventor (d. 1929)
1867 - William Cadbury, England, chocolate manufacturer (Cadbury)
1870 - Louis de Raet, Belgian economist/founder (Flemish People's Party)
1874 - Thomas J Watson, US, representative/founder (IBM)
1877 - Henri Vandeputte, Belgian author/poet (L'homme Jeune)
1877 - Isabelle Eberhardt, Swiss explorer and writer (d. 1904)
1877 - André Maginot, French politician (d. 1932)
1879 - Dorothy Canfield Fisher, US, novelist (Book-of-Month-Club)
1880 - Alvaro Obregon, general/president Mexico (1920-24)
1882 - Kurt Schindler, composer
1884 - Arthur Vanderpoorten, Flemish minister of Internal affairs (1940)
1885 - Steve Evans, American baseball player (d. 1943)
1887 - Leevi Antti Madetoja, composer
1888 - Henrietta P "Hetty" Beck, actress (Bouwmeester Award)
1888 - Otto Stern, German/US physicist (Stern-Gerlach-experiment, Nobel 1943)
1888 - Ronald Aburthnott Knox, English priest/writer (Viaduct Murder)
1889 - H[aroldson] L Hunt, Texas oil multi-millionaire
1891 - Georg Britting, writer
1892 - Theodor Plievier, German writer (Des Kaisers Kulis, Stalingrad)
1893 - Wally Pipp, American baseball player (d. 1965)
1895 - Anita Stewart, NY, actress (South of Hell Mountain)
1895 - Edna Park Edwards, PA
1897 - Johan[nes A] Kaart, Dutch actor/stage manager (My Fair Lady)
1898 - Tom Lowry, cricketer (NZ batsman in seven Tests & their 1st Test capt)
1902 - Marian Anderson, Phila, operatic contralto (banned by D.A.R.)
1903 - Johannes Linthorst Homan, director of the queen in Groningen
1904 - Albert Kuyle, [Louis Kuitenbrouwer], Dutch writer (Jesus' Robe)
1904 - Hans Morgenthau, German political philosopher (d. 1980)
1906 - Galo Plaza Lasso, pres of Ecuador (1948-52), head of OAS (1968-75)
1906 - Ramon Tapales, composer
1907 - Alec Wilder, Rochester NY, composer (1973 ASCAP award)
1907 - Charles B Timmer, Dutch translator/writer (Russia Black on White)
1908 - Staats Cotsworth, Oak Park IL, actor (Peyton Place)
1908 - Walter L "Red" Barber, Miss, sports announcer (Bkln Dodgers, NY Yanks)
1909 - Joseph "Poeske" Scherens, Belgian cyclist (champ sprinter 1932-37)[NS]
1909 - Marjorie Lawrence, Australia, soprano (Venus-Tannhäuser)
1910 - Ai Qing, poet
1910 - Marc Lawrence, NYC, actor (Man With Golden Gun)
1911 - Arthur Hunnicutt, Gravelly AR, actor (Big Sky, Apache Uprising)
1912 - Andre Norton, American author (d. 2005)
1913 - Josephine F "Fietje" van Anrooy, Dutch actress/director
1913 - Oskar Danon, composer
1913 - Rene Leibowitz, composer
1914 - Albert Westerlinck, [Jose J M Aerts], Flemish literary
1914 - Arthur Kennedy, Worcester Mass, actor (Fantastic Voyage, Peyton Place)
1914 - Per-Jakez Helias, writer/teacher
1914 - [Bert de] Wayne Morris, Los Angeles California, WW II-pilot/actor (Paths of Glory)
1915 - Homer Keller, composer
1916 - Don Tallon, cricketer (perhaps Australia's greatest wicket-keeper)
1916 - Raf Vallone, Tropea Italy, actor (El Cid, 2 Women, Greek Tycoon)
1916 - Alexander Obolensky, Russian prince and famed Rugby Union footballer who played for England.(d. 1940)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 9 of 9

1841 - Dutch ex-king Willem I marries Henriette d'Oultremont de Wégimont
1906 - 26th US President Theodore Roosevelt's daughter Alice marries in the White House
Natural History filmmaker and TV personality David AttenboroughNatural History filmmaker and TV personality David Attenborough (1950) 1950 - Natural history broadcaster David Attenborough (24) weds Jane Elizabeth Ebsworth Oriel
1955 - Novelist J. D. Salinger (36) weds Claire Douglas
1989 - Whitesnake's rocker David Coverdale weds actress Tawny Kitaen
2002 - Actress Joan Collins (68) weds theater company manager Percy Gibson at Claridge's Hotel in London
2007 - Japanese actress Noria Fujiwara weds comedian Tomonori at Jinnai Ikuta Shrine in Kobe, Japan
2007 - "Home and Away" actress Ada Nicodemou (29) weds Chrys Xipolitas at St. Andrew's Greek church in Redfern, Australia
2007 - Australian TV presenter Natalie Gruzlewski (30) weds pro surfer Luke Egan at St. Augustine's Catholic Church

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 133

364 - Jovian (Flavius Jovianus), Christian emperor of Rome (363-64), dies at about 32
440 - St. Mesrop Mashtots, Armenian theologian and linguist
956 - Hugo the Great, earl of Paris/duke of Francia, dies at about 55
1339 - Otto, Duke of Austria (b. 1301)
1371 - Ivan Alexander of Bulgaria
1596 - Friedrich Sylburg, German classical scholar (b. 1536)
1600 - Giordano Bruno, advocate of Copernican theory, burned at stake
1609 - Ferdinando I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (b. 1549)
1612 - Ernst of Bayern, prince/bishop of Luik/archbish Cologne, dies at 57
1612 - Jodocus Hondius, Flemish cartoonist/mathematician, dies at 48
1624 - Juan de Mariana, Spanish historian (b. 1536)
1652 - Gregorio Allegri, Italian singer/composer (Miserere), dies at about 67
1654 - Michael Lohr, composer, dies at 62
1659 - Abel Servien, French diplomat (b. 1593)
1673 - Molière, [Jean Baptiste Poquelin], French playwright (The Misanthrope), dies. (b. 1622)
1680 - Denzil Holles, 1st Baron Holles, English statesman and writer (b. 1599)
1688 - Rev James Renwick, hanged in Scotland for being a Presbyterian
1715 - Antoine Galland, French interpreter, dies at 68
1732 - Louis Marchand, composer, dies at 63
1768 - Arthur Onslow, English politician (b. 1691)
1780 - Andreas Felix von Oefele, German historian and librarian (b. 1706)
1796 - James Macpherson, poet, dies
1815 - Franz Gotz, composer, dies at 59
1827 - Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi, Swiss educator, dies at 81
1841 - Ferdinando Carulli, composer, dies at 70
1847 - William Collins, landscape painter, dies
1852 - Micha Joseph Levenson, Hebrew poet, dies
1854 - Hugues F R de Lamennais, French priest/writer, dies at 71
1854 - John Martin, English painter (b. 1789)
1856 - Heinrich Heine, German poet, dies at 58 in Paris
1856 - John Braham, singer/composer, dies at 81
1874 - [Lambert] Adolphe J Quetelet, Belgium astronomer/sociologist, dies at 77
1875 - Luis NF Varela, Brazilian romantic poet, dies at 33
1878 - Jose Amador de los Rios, Spanish historian/poet, dies at 59
1883 - Napoleon Coste, composer, dies at 76
1883 - Vasudeo Balwant Phadke, Indian revolutionary (b. 1845)
1890 - Christopher Sholes, American inventor (b. 1819)
1901 - Ethelbert Woodbridge Nevin, composer, dies at 38
1903 - Joseph Parry, composer, dies at 61
1905 - Serge Alexandrovich, gov-gen Moscow, murdered
1907 - Henry Olcott, co-founder (Theosophical Society-Madras), dies
1907 - Henry Steel Olcott, US co-founder (Theosophist Society), dies at 74
Apache Leader GeronimoApache Leader Geronimo (1909) 1909 - Geronimo [one who yawns], Apache chief, dies at 79
1912 - Aloys von Aerenthal, foreign minister (Austria-Hungary), dies at 57
1912 - Lawrence Oates, British explorer (Antarctica), dies
1917 - Edmund Bishop, English secretary of Thomas Carlyle, dies at 70
1918 - Wilfrid Laurier, Canadian PM (1896-1911), dies
1924 - Oskar Merikanto, composer, dies at 55
1924 - Henry Bacon, American architect, dies at 57
1929 - John Read, cricketer (batted in 17 Tests for Eng for 463 runs), dies
1932 - Frans Gailliard, Belgian painter/graphic artist (Egina), dies at 70
Architect Henry BaconArchitect Henry Bacon (1924) 1933 - Henri[cus A] Viotta, Dutch composer (Handbook of Music), dies at 84
1934 - Albert I LCMM von Saksen-Coburg, king of Belgium (1909-34), dies at 58
1934 - Siegbert Tarrasch, German chess player (b. 1862)
1936 - Erich Schaeder, German theologist (Theozentrische), dies at 74
1939 - Willy Hess, German violinist (b. 1859)
1943 - Armand J. Piron, American jazz violinist and composer (b. 1888)
1943 - Konstantin Bogaevsky, Russian painter (b. 1872)
1944 - Fausto Agnelli, Swiss painter, dies at 64
1951 - Nikoghayos Fadeyi Tigranyan, composer, dies at 94
1954 - Evert Gorter, children artist (Kindergeneeskunde), dies at 72
1955 - Otto J Gombosi, Hungarian/US musicologist, dies at 52
1958 - Hugh McCrae, Australian writer (b. 1876)
1959 - Kathryn Adams, actress (Meet the Chump, 5th Avenue Girl), dies
1959 - Tim Mara, co-founder of NFL's NY Giants, dies
1961 - Nita Naldi, actress (Dr Jekyll & Mr Hyde), dies of heart attack at 63
1962 - Bruno Walter, symphony conductor (NY Philharmonic), dies at 85
1962 - Joseph Kearns, actor (George-Dennis the Menace), dies at 55
1966 - Frank Pettingell, actor (Becket, Up the Creek), dies at 75
1966 - Gail Kane, actress (White Sister, Arizona), dies at 81
1966 - Hans Hofmann, German/US painter (Search for the Real), dies at 85
1968 - Donald Wolfit, actor (Lawrence of Arabia), dies of heart ailment at 65
1970 - Agnon, [SJ Czaczkes], Hebrew writer (Nobel 1966), dies at 81
1970 - Alfred Newman, US composer, dies at 69
1970 - Schmuel J Agnon, novelist (Nobel 1966), dies
1971 - Teddy Hart, actor (3 Men on a Horse), dies at 73
1972 - Gavril Nikolayevich Popov, composer, dies at 67
1976 - Jean Servais, Belgian actor (Every Man is My Enemy), dies at 65
1976 - Johan[nes A] Card, actor/stage manager (My Fair Lady), dies at 78
1977 - Quincy Howe, newscaster (CBS Weekend News), dies at 76
1977 - Janani Luwum, Ugandan Archbishop (b. 1922)
1979 - William Gargan, actor (Rain, Bells of St Mary), dies at 73
1980 - Graham Sutherland, painter, dies
1980 - Jerry Fielding, composer (Bewitched, Hogan's Heroes), dies at 57
1982 - Lee Strasberg, acting coach/actor (And Justice for All), dies at 81
1982 - Nestor Chylak, American baseball umpire (b. 1922)
1982 - Thelonious Monk, American jazz pianist and composer, dies at 64
1984 - Lucille Benson, actress (Lilly-Bosom Buddies), dies at 69
1985 - Wanda Perry, actress (Roberta, Death of a Salesman), dies at 67
1986 - Jiddu Krishnamurti, Indian philosopher (Kingdom Happiness), dies at 90
1986 - Paul Stewart, actor (Opening Night, In Cold Blood, Window), dies
1987 - Hal K Dawson, actor (Another Language, Wells Fargo), dies
1987 - Verree Teasdale, actress (Skyscraper Souls), dies
1989 - Lefty Gomez, pitching great (NY Yankees), dies at 80
1990 - Erik Rhodes, actor (Top Hat), dies of pneumonia at 84
1990 - Frans Kellendonk, Dutch writer (Good for Nothing), dies at 39
1990 - Marc Clement, actor (Career Opportunities, Sluggers Wife), dies
1990 - Hap Day, Canadian ice hockey player and manager (b. 1901)
1991 - Enrique Bermudez, commandant (Contra), dies
1993 - Alfredo de Leon, leader (Philippines Red Scorpio Gang), killed

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