This Day in History for 17th February

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 186

1370 - Battle at Rudau: Germany beats Lithuania
1500 - Battle of Hemmingstedt.
1568 - Holy Roman Emperor agrees to pay tribute to the Sultan for peace
1598 - Boris Godunov chosen tsar of Russia
1600 - Philosopher Giordano Bruno is burned alive at Campo de' Fiori in Rome, charged of heresy.
1621 - Myles Standish is elected as the first commander of the Plymouth Colony
1634 - William Prynne tried in Star Chamber for publishing "Histrio-masti
1670 - France & Bavaria sign military assistance treaty
1691 - Thomas Neale granted British patent for American postal service
1714 - Parliament of Paris accepts Pope Clemens XI's "Unigenitus" degree
1772 - 1st partition of Poland-Russia & Prussia, joined later by Austria
1776 - 1st volume of Gibbon's "Decline & Fall of Roman Empire" published
Historian Edward GibbonHistorian Edward Gibbon 1791 - Messier catalogs M83 (spiral galaxy in Hydra)
1795 - Thomas Seddal harvests 8.3-kg potato from his garden Chester, England
1801 - US House of Representatives breaks electoral college tie, chooses Thomas Jefferson President over Burr
1814 - Battle of Mormans.
1817 - 1st US city lit by gas (Baltimore)
1818 - Baron Karl von Drais de Sauerbrun patents "draisine" (early bicycle)
1836 - HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin leaves Tasmania
1837 - Charles Lyell makes his presidential address to the Geographical Society, London and announces that Richard Owen has concluded from Darwin's fossils that extinct species were related to current species in the same locality
Geologist Charles LyellGeologist Charles Lyell 1848 - Toscane gets liberal Constitution
1854 - Britain recognises independence of Orange Free State (South Africa)
1859 - Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Un Ballo in maschera" premieres in Napoli
1864 - Confederate submarine HL Hunley sinks Union ship Housatonic
1865 - -18] Battle of Charleston SC
1865 - Columbia SC burns down during Civil War
1867 - 1st ship passes through Suez Canal
1867 - Gyula Andressy becomes premier of Hungary
1870 - Esther Morris appointed 1st female judge
1870 - Mississippi becomes 9th state readmitted to US after Civil War
Composer Giuseppe VerdiComposer Giuseppe Verdi 1876 - Sardines 1st canned (Julius Wolff-Eastport, Maine)
1878 - 1st telephone exchange in SF opens with 18 phones
1880 - Tsar Alexander II of Russia survives an assassination attempt
1882 - 1st Test Cricket match played at Sydney Cricket Ground
1883 - A Ashwell patents free-toilet in London
1885 - Bismarck gives Carl Peters' firm management of East-Africa
1896 - Muzzling Order on the London County Council enforced
1897 - National Organization of Mothers forms (Parent Teacher Association)
1902 - A general strike in Barcelona and nearby towns leads to government-troop reprisals that leave 40 dead
Composer Giacomo PucciniComposer Giacomo Puccini 1904 - Giacomo Puccini's opera "Madama Butterfly," premieres in Milan
1905 - Frances Willard becomes 1st women honored in National Statuary Hall
1911 - 1st hydroplane flight to & from a ship (Glenn Curtiss, San Diego)
1913 - 1st minimum wage law in US takes effect (Oregon)
1913 - NY Armory Show introduces Picasso, Matisse, Duchamp to US public
1915 - Edward Stone, 1st US combatant to die in WW I, is mortally wounded
1916 - Romberg/Hanley/Atteridge/Smith' musical premieres in NYC
Artist Pablo PicassoArtist Pablo Picasso 1917 - In Australia, Nationalist Party takes over a coalition government
1921 - Arthur Honegger's "Pastorale D'ete," premieres
1923 - Ottawa Senator Cy Denneny becomes NHL's all time scorer (143 goals)
1924 - Johnny Weissmuller sets 100-yard freestyle record (52.4 seconds)
1926 - Avalanche buries 75 in Sap Gulch Bingham Utah, 40 die
1930 - French government of Tardieu falls
1931 - 1st telecast of a sporting event in Japan (baseball)
1931 - Hockey's Hershey Bears (now with AHL) 1st game
1932 - Irving Berlin's musical "Face the Music," premieres in NYC
Composer and Lyricist Irving BerlinComposer and Lyricist Irving Berlin 1933 - 1st issue of "Newsweek" magazine published
1933 - Marinus van der Lubbe arrives in Glindow, at Potsdam
1933 - US Senate accept Blaine Act: ending prohibition
1934 - 1st high school auto driving course offered (State College, Penn)
1936 - "Phantom" cartoon strip by Lee Falk debuts
1936 - -58°F (-50°C), McIntosh, South Dakota (state record)
1936 - SN Behrmann's "End of Summer," premieres in NYC
1936 - The world's first superhero, The Phantom, makes his first appearance in comics.
1938 - 1st public experimental demonstration of Baird color TV (London)
1939 - Katwijk soccer team forms
1940 - Bradman scores 135 in a non-Shield match for SA v West Australia
Cricket Legend Donald BradmanCricket Legend Donald Bradman 1940 - Crew of the British destroyer Cossack board German Altmark in Jøssingfjord, Norway, and realised 299 British prisoners after hand-to-hand fighting with bayonets and the last recorded Royal Naval action with cutlass.
1941 - Joe Louis KOs Gus Dorazio in 2 for heavyweight boxing title
1943 - -19] Hitler visits fieldmarshal von Mansteins hq in Zaporozje
1943 - Dutch churches protest at Seyss-Inquart against persecution of Jews
1943 - Gen-major Bradley flies to Wash DC
1943 - NY Yankee Joe DiMaggio, enlists into the US army
1944 - Battle of Eniwetok Atoll begins; US victory on Feb 22
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf HitlerDictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler 1944 - US begins night bombing of Truk
1946 - Humanistic Covenant forms in Amsterdam
1947 - Dutch RC bishops publish manifest against "godless communism"
1947 - Voice of America begins broadcasting to USSR
1949 - Chaim Weitzman elected 1st president of Israel
1949 - Ice Pairs Championship at Paris won by Andrea Kekesy/Ede Kiraly of HUN
1949 - Ladies Figure Skating Champions in Paris won by Alena Vrzanova of CZE
1949 - Men's Figure Skating Championship in Paris won by Richard Button USA
1949 - Richard Button retains world figure skating championship in Paris
1950 - 31 die in a train crash in Rockville Center NY
1953 - DSB soccer team forms in Eindhoven
1954 - WAST (now WNYT) TV channel 13 in Albany-Troy, NY (NBC) 1st broadcast
1955 - Ice Dance Championship at Vienna Austria won by J Westwood/Demmy GRB
1955 - Ice Pairs Championship at Vienna won by Frances Dafoe & Bowden of CAN
1955 - KTVF TV channel 11 in Fairbanks, AK (CBS/ABC) begins broadcasting
1955 - Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Vienna won by Tenley Albright US
1955 - Mike Souchak sets PGA 72-hole record of 257
1956 - Ice Dance Championship at Garmisch won by Pamela Weight/P Thomas GRB
1956 - Ice Pairs Championship at Garmisch won by Schwarz & Oppelt of AUT
1956 - Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Garmisch won by Carol Heiss USA
1956 - Men's Figure Skating Championship in Garmisch won by H A Jenkins USA
1957 - Fire in Warreton, Mo kills 72
1957 - Mary Lena Faulk wins LPGA St Petersburg Golf Open
1957 - Suez Canal reopens
1957 - A fire at a home for the elderly in Warrenton, Missouri kills 72 people.
1958 - Comic strip "BC" 1st appears
1958 - WETV (now WPBA) TV channel 30 in Atlanta, GA (PBS) begins broadcasting

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 262

1444 - Rudolf Agricola, [Roelof Huysman], Dutch humanist/organist
1490 - Charles de Bourbon, officer/governor (Lombardy)
1519 - Francis, Duke of Guise, French soldier and politician (d. 1563)
1581 - Fausto Poli, Italian Catholic priest (d. 1653)
1583 - J Henry Alting, Dutch theologist
1646 - Pierre Le Pesant, sieur de Boisguilbert, French economist (d. 1714)
1653 - Arcangelo Corelli, Fusignano Italy, violinist/comp (Concerto Grossi)
1667 - Georg Bronner, composer
1675 - Johann Melchior Conradi, composer
1696 - Baron Ernst Gottlieb, composer
1697 - Louis-Maurice de La Pierre, composer
1699 - Hans Georg Wenzeslaus von Knobelsdorff, German architect (Sanssouci)
1718 - Matthew Tilghman, American Continental Congressman (d. 1790)
1723 - Tobias Mayer, "method of lunars" for longitude determination
1740 - Horace B de Saussure, Swiss physicist/geologist
1747 - Narciso Casanovas, composer
1752 - Friedrich M Klinger, German playwright (Wirrwarr)
1754 - Jan Jachym Kopriva, composer
1754 - Nicolas Baudin, French explorer (d. 1803)
1758 - John Pinkerton, Scottish historian
1774 - Raphaelle Peale, US, painter (After the Rain-1823)
1781 - René-Theophile-Hyacinthe Lannec, France, inventor (stethoscope)
1796 - Giovanni Pacini, composer
1796 - Philipp Franz von Siebold, German physician (d. 1866)
1804 - Samuel Read Anderson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1883
1816 - Friedrich Wilhelm Markull, composer
1816 - Haller Nutt, Southern Plantation owner (d. 1864)
1820 - Henri Vieuxtemps, Verviers Belgium, composer/teacher (Brussels Cons)
1820 - Elzéar-Alexandre Taschereau, Catholic cardinal (d. 1898)
1821 - Lola Montez, Irish dancer (d. 1861)
1824 - William Farrar "Baldy" Smith, Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1903
1831 - Francisco Salvador Daniel, composer
1836 - Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer, Spanish poet (d. 1870)
1837 - Francis Jay Herron, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1902
1837 - Sam[uel] van Houten, Dutch (lib) minister (child labor laws)
1844 - A Montgomery Ward, found mail-order business (Montgomery Ward)
1848 - Louisa Lawson, Australian suffragist and writer (d. 1920)
1849 - Selwyn Image, Bodiam Sussex, painter
1850 - Anton Urspruch, composer
1850 - Ludwig Bonvin, composer
1854 - Friedrich A Krupp, German arms manufacturer
1855 - Otto Liman von Sanders, German general in Turkey (WW I)
1857 - Samuel Sidney McClure, Irish-American newspaper editor/publisher
1858 - Ernest Ford, composer
1861 - Princess Helena, Duchess of Albany (d. 1922)
1862 - Edward German (Jones), Whitchurch Shropshire, British composer
1862 - Mori Ōgai, Japanese novelist and poet (d. 1922)
1863 - Fyodor Sologub, Russian symbolist novelist and poet (d. 1927)
1864 - Andrew Barton "Banjo" Paterson, NSW Australia, poet (Waltzing Matilda)
1864 - Jozef Murgaš, Slovak inventor (d. 1929)
1867 - William Cadbury, England, chocolate manufacturer (Cadbury)
1870 - Louis de Raet, Belgian economist/founder (Flemish People's Party)
1874 - Thomas J Watson, US, representative/founder (IBM)
1877 - Henri Vandeputte, Belgian author/poet (L'homme Jeune)
1877 - Isabelle Eberhardt, Swiss explorer and writer (d. 1904)
1877 - André Maginot, French politician (d. 1932)
1879 - Dorothy Canfield Fisher, US, novelist (Book-of-Month-Club)
1880 - Alvaro Obregon, general/president Mexico (1920-24)
1882 - Kurt Schindler, composer
1884 - Arthur Vanderpoorten, Flemish minister of Internal affairs (1940)
1885 - Steve Evans, American baseball player (d. 1943)
1887 - Leevi Antti Madetoja, composer
1888 - Henrietta P "Hetty" Beck, actress (Bouwmeester Award)
1888 - Otto Stern, German/US physicist (Stern-Gerlach-experiment, Nobel 1943)
1888 - Ronald Aburthnott Knox, English priest/writer (Viaduct Murder)
1889 - H[aroldson] L Hunt, Texas oil multi-millionaire
1891 - Georg Britting, writer
1892 - Theodor Plievier, German writer (Des Kaisers Kulis, Stalingrad)
1893 - Wally Pipp, American baseball player (d. 1965)
1895 - Anita Stewart, NY, actress (South of Hell Mountain)
1895 - Edna Park Edwards, PA
1897 - Johan[nes A] Kaart, Dutch actor/stage manager (My Fair Lady)
1898 - Tom Lowry, cricketer (NZ batsman in seven Tests & their 1st Test capt)
1902 - Marian Anderson, Phila, operatic contralto (banned by D.A.R.)
1903 - Johannes Linthorst Homan, director of the queen in Groningen
1904 - Albert Kuyle, [Louis Kuitenbrouwer], Dutch writer (Jesus' Robe)
1904 - Hans Morgenthau, German political philosopher (d. 1980)
1906 - Galo Plaza Lasso, pres of Ecuador (1948-52), head of OAS (1968-75)
1906 - Ramon Tapales, composer
1907 - Alec Wilder, Rochester NY, composer (1973 ASCAP award)
1907 - Charles B Timmer, Dutch translator/writer (Russia Black on White)
1908 - Staats Cotsworth, Oak Park IL, actor (Peyton Place)
1908 - Walter L "Red" Barber, Miss, sports announcer (Bkln Dodgers, NY Yanks)
1909 - Joseph "Poeske" Scherens, Belgian cyclist (champ sprinter 1932-37)[NS]
1909 - Marjorie Lawrence, Australia, soprano (Venus-Tannhäuser)
1910 - Ai Qing, poet
1910 - Marc Lawrence, NYC, actor (Man With Golden Gun)
1911 - Arthur Hunnicutt, Gravelly AR, actor (Big Sky, Apache Uprising)
1912 - Andre Norton, American author (d. 2005)
1913 - Josephine F "Fietje" van Anrooy, Dutch actress/director
1913 - Oskar Danon, composer
1913 - Rene Leibowitz, composer
1914 - Albert Westerlinck, [Jose J M Aerts], Flemish literary
1914 - Arthur Kennedy, Worcester Mass, actor (Fantastic Voyage, Peyton Place)
1914 - Per-Jakez Helias, writer/teacher
1914 - [Bert de] Wayne Morris, Los Angeles California, WW II-pilot/actor (Paths of Glory)
1915 - Homer Keller, composer
1916 - Don Tallon, cricketer (perhaps Australia's greatest wicket-keeper)
1916 - Raf Vallone, Tropea Italy, actor (El Cid, 2 Women, Greek Tycoon)
1916 - Alexander Obolensky, Russian prince and famed Rugby Union footballer who played for England.(d. 1940)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 9 of 9

1841 - Dutch ex-king Willem I marries Henriette d'Oultremont de Wégimont
1906 - 26th US President Theodore Roosevelt's daughter Alice marries in the White House
Natural History filmmaker and TV personality David AttenboroughNatural History filmmaker and TV personality David Attenborough (1950) 1950 - Natural history broadcaster David Attenborough (24) weds Jane Elizabeth Ebsworth Oriel
1955 - Novelist J. D. Salinger (36) weds Claire Douglas
1989 - Whitesnake's rocker David Coverdale weds actress Tawny Kitaen
2002 - Actress Joan Collins (68) weds theater company manager Percy Gibson at Claridge's Hotel in London
2007 - Japanese actress Noria Fujiwara weds comedian Tomonori at Jinnai Ikuta Shrine in Kobe, Japan
2007 - "Home and Away" actress Ada Nicodemou (29) weds Chrys Xipolitas at St. Andrew's Greek church in Redfern, Australia
2007 - Australian TV presenter Natalie Gruzlewski (30) weds pro surfer Luke Egan at St. Augustine's Catholic Church

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 133

364 - Jovian (Flavius Jovianus), Christian emperor of Rome (363-64), dies at about 32
440 - St. Mesrop Mashtots, Armenian theologian and linguist
956 - Hugo the Great, earl of Paris/duke of Francia, dies at about 55
1339 - Otto, Duke of Austria (b. 1301)
1371 - Ivan Alexander of Bulgaria
1596 - Friedrich Sylburg, German classical scholar (b. 1536)
1600 - Giordano Bruno, advocate of Copernican theory, burned at stake
1609 - Ferdinando I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (b. 1549)
1612 - Ernst of Bayern, prince/bishop of Luik/archbish Cologne, dies at 57
1612 - Jodocus Hondius, Flemish cartoonist/mathematician, dies at 48
1624 - Juan de Mariana, Spanish historian (b. 1536)
1652 - Gregorio Allegri, Italian singer/composer (Miserere), dies at about 67
1654 - Michael Lohr, composer, dies at 62
1659 - Abel Servien, French diplomat (b. 1593)
1673 - Molière, [Jean Baptiste Poquelin], French playwright (The Misanthrope), dies. (b. 1622)
1680 - Denzil Holles, 1st Baron Holles, English statesman and writer (b. 1599)
1688 - Rev James Renwick, hanged in Scotland for being a Presbyterian
1715 - Antoine Galland, French interpreter, dies at 68
1732 - Louis Marchand, composer, dies at 63
1768 - Arthur Onslow, English politician (b. 1691)
1780 - Andreas Felix von Oefele, German historian and librarian (b. 1706)
1796 - James Macpherson, poet, dies
1815 - Franz Gotz, composer, dies at 59
1827 - Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi, Swiss educator, dies at 81
1841 - Ferdinando Carulli, composer, dies at 70
1847 - William Collins, landscape painter, dies
1852 - Micha Joseph Levenson, Hebrew poet, dies
1854 - Hugues F R de Lamennais, French priest/writer, dies at 71
1854 - John Martin, English painter (b. 1789)
1856 - Heinrich Heine, German poet, dies at 58 in Paris
1856 - John Braham, singer/composer, dies at 81
1874 - [Lambert] Adolphe J Quetelet, Belgium astronomer/sociologist, dies at 77
1875 - Luis NF Varela, Brazilian romantic poet, dies at 33
1878 - Jose Amador de los Rios, Spanish historian/poet, dies at 59
1883 - Napoleon Coste, composer, dies at 76
1883 - Vasudeo Balwant Phadke, Indian revolutionary (b. 1845)
1890 - Christopher Sholes, American inventor (b. 1819)
1901 - Ethelbert Woodbridge Nevin, composer, dies at 38
1903 - Joseph Parry, composer, dies at 61
1905 - Serge Alexandrovich, gov-gen Moscow, murdered
1907 - Henry Olcott, co-founder (Theosophical Society-Madras), dies
1907 - Henry Steel Olcott, US co-founder (Theosophist Society), dies at 74
Apache Leader GeronimoApache Leader Geronimo (1909) 1909 - Geronimo [one who yawns], Apache chief, dies at 79
1912 - Aloys von Aerenthal, foreign minister (Austria-Hungary), dies at 57
1912 - Lawrence Oates, British explorer (Antarctica), dies
1917 - Edmund Bishop, English secretary of Thomas Carlyle, dies at 70
1918 - Wilfrid Laurier, Canadian PM (1896-1911), dies
1924 - Oskar Merikanto, composer, dies at 55
1924 - Henry Bacon, American architect, dies at 57
1929 - John Read, cricketer (batted in 17 Tests for Eng for 463 runs), dies
1932 - Frans Gailliard, Belgian painter/graphic artist (Egina), dies at 70
Architect Henry BaconArchitect Henry Bacon (1924) 1933 - Henri[cus A] Viotta, Dutch composer (Handbook of Music), dies at 84
1934 - Albert I LCMM von Saksen-Coburg, king of Belgium (1909-34), dies at 58
1934 - Siegbert Tarrasch, German chess player (b. 1862)
1936 - Erich Schaeder, German theologist (Theozentrische), dies at 74
1939 - Willy Hess, German violinist (b. 1859)
1943 - Armand J. Piron, American jazz violinist and composer (b. 1888)
1943 - Konstantin Bogaevsky, Russian painter (b. 1872)
1944 - Fausto Agnelli, Swiss painter, dies at 64
1951 - Nikoghayos Fadeyi Tigranyan, composer, dies at 94
1954 - Evert Gorter, children artist (Kindergeneeskunde), dies at 72
1955 - Otto J Gombosi, Hungarian/US musicologist, dies at 52
1958 - Hugh McCrae, Australian writer (b. 1876)
1959 - Kathryn Adams, actress (Meet the Chump, 5th Avenue Girl), dies
1959 - Tim Mara, co-founder of NFL's NY Giants, dies
1961 - Nita Naldi, actress (Dr Jekyll & Mr Hyde), dies of heart attack at 63
1962 - Bruno Walter, symphony conductor (NY Philharmonic), dies at 85
1962 - Joseph Kearns, actor (George-Dennis the Menace), dies at 55
1966 - Frank Pettingell, actor (Becket, Up the Creek), dies at 75
1966 - Gail Kane, actress (White Sister, Arizona), dies at 81
1966 - Hans Hofmann, German/US painter (Search for the Real), dies at 85
1968 - Donald Wolfit, actor (Lawrence of Arabia), dies of heart ailment at 65
1970 - Agnon, [SJ Czaczkes], Hebrew writer (Nobel 1966), dies at 81
1970 - Alfred Newman, US composer, dies at 69
1970 - Schmuel J Agnon, novelist (Nobel 1966), dies
1971 - Teddy Hart, actor (3 Men on a Horse), dies at 73
1972 - Gavril Nikolayevich Popov, composer, dies at 67
1976 - Jean Servais, Belgian actor (Every Man is My Enemy), dies at 65
1976 - Johan[nes A] Card, actor/stage manager (My Fair Lady), dies at 78
1977 - Quincy Howe, newscaster (CBS Weekend News), dies at 76
1977 - Janani Luwum, Ugandan Archbishop (b. 1922)
1979 - William Gargan, actor (Rain, Bells of St Mary), dies at 73
1980 - Graham Sutherland, painter, dies
1980 - Jerry Fielding, composer (Bewitched, Hogan's Heroes), dies at 57
1982 - Lee Strasberg, acting coach/actor (And Justice for All), dies at 81
1982 - Nestor Chylak, American baseball umpire (b. 1922)
1982 - Thelonious Monk, American jazz pianist and composer, dies at 64
1984 - Lucille Benson, actress (Lilly-Bosom Buddies), dies at 69
1985 - Wanda Perry, actress (Roberta, Death of a Salesman), dies at 67
1986 - Jiddu Krishnamurti, Indian philosopher (Kingdom Happiness), dies at 90
1986 - Paul Stewart, actor (Opening Night, In Cold Blood, Window), dies
1987 - Hal K Dawson, actor (Another Language, Wells Fargo), dies
1987 - Verree Teasdale, actress (Skyscraper Souls), dies
1989 - Lefty Gomez, pitching great (NY Yankees), dies at 80
1990 - Erik Rhodes, actor (Top Hat), dies of pneumonia at 84
1990 - Frans Kellendonk, Dutch writer (Good for Nothing), dies at 39
1990 - Marc Clement, actor (Career Opportunities, Sluggers Wife), dies
1990 - Hap Day, Canadian ice hockey player and manager (b. 1901)
1991 - Enrique Bermudez, commandant (Contra), dies
1993 - Alfredo de Leon, leader (Philippines Red Scorpio Gang), killed

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