This Day in History for 23rd February

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 181

303 - Emperor Diocletian orders general persecution of Christians
1455 - Johannes Gutenberg prints 1st book, Bible (estimated date)
1574 - France begins 5th holy war against Huguenots
1660 - Charles XI becomes king of Sweden
1668 - Fire in Wiener Hofburg in Vienna, emperor Leopold I rescued
1672 - Joan Blaeus publishers destroyed by fire in Amsterdam
1689 - Dutch prince William III proclaimed king of England
1778 - Baron von Steuben joins Continental Army at Valley Forge
1792 - Joseph Haydn's 94th Symphony in G, premieres
1792 - Humane Society of Massachusetts incorporated (erected life-saving stations for distressed mariners)
1804 - Conspirators against Napoleon, for restoration of Louis XVIII
1813 - 1st US raw cotton-to-cloth mill founded in Waltham, Mass
1820 - Cato Street conspiracy uncovered
1821 - College of Apothecaries organized in Phil; 1st US pharmacy college
1822 - Boston is incorporated as a city
1836 - Alamo besieged for 13 days until 6th March by Mexican army under General Santa Anna; entire garrison eventually killed
1846 - Polish revolutionaries march on Cracow, but are defeated
1847 - Battle of Buena Vista Mexico; Zachary Taylor defeats Mexicans
1854 - Great-Britain & Orange Free state sign Convention of Bloemfontein
1861 - By popular referendum, Texas becomes 7th state to secede from US
1861 - Dutch Premier Floris A van Hall resigns
1861 - Pres-elect Lincoln arrives secretly in Wash DC to take office
1869 - Louisiana governor signs public accommodations law
1870 - Mississippi is readmitted to US
1874 - Mjr Walter Winfield patents game called "sphairistike" (lawn tennis)
1883 - Alabama becomes 1st US state to enact an antitrust law
1883 - American Anti-Vivisection Society organized (Phila)
1886 - Aluminum manufacturing process developed
1886 - London Times publishes world's 1st classified ad
1886 - Tsjaikovski's symphony "Manfred," premieres
1887 - Congress grants Seal Rocks to SF
1887 - French/Italian Riviera struck by Earthquake; 2,000 die
1892 - 1st college student government forms at Bryn Mawr Penn
1894 - Stanley Cup: Montreal AAA's awarded cup by trustees as Ottawa refuses to travel to Toronto to play
1895 - Jaap Eden skates world record 10km (17:56)
1895 - William Heard, AME minister & educator, named minister to Liberia
1896 - Tootsie Roll introduced by Leo Hirshfield
1898 - In France, Emile Zola is imprisoned for writing his "J'accuse" letter accusing government of anti-Semitism & wrongly jailing Alfred Dreyfus
1900 - Battle at Hart's Hill, South-Africa (Boers vs British army)
1900 - Steamer "Rio de Janeiro" sinks in SF Bay
1903 - Cuban state of Guantanamo leased to USA
1904 - US acquired control of the Panama Canal Zone for $10 million
1905 - Rotary Club International formed by 4 men in Chicago
1906 - Tommy Burns beats Marvin Hart in 20 for heavyweight boxing title
Absolute monarch Nicholas IIAbsolute monarch Nicholas II 1909 - Russian Tsar Nicholas II dissolves Finnish Diet
1910 - 1st radio contest held (Philadelphia)
1910 - George Bernard Shaw's "Misalliance," premieres in London
1915 - Germany sinks US ships Carib & Evelyn & torpedoes Norwegian ship Regin
1915 - Nevada enforces convenient divorce law
1916 - Congress authorizes McKinley Memorial $1 gold coin
1916 - French artillery kills entire French 72nd division at Samogneux Verdun
1917 - February revolution begins in Russia
1918 - First victory of Red Army over the Kaiser's German troops near Narva and Pskov. Since 1923 this date become the Day of Red Army in honour of this victory.
1919 - Fascist Party forms in Italy by Benito Mussolini
1921 - 1st US transcontinental air mail flight arrives in NYC from San Francisco
1923 - German Republic day with laws against worker
1923 - Great Britain lowers import duty on German products from 26% to 5%
1927 - Pres Calvin Coolidge creates Federal Radio Commission (FRC)
1934 - Casey Stengel becomes manager of Brooklyn Dodgers
30th US President Calvin Coolidge30th US President Calvin Coolidge 1934 - Coronation of King Leopold III of Belgium
1936 - 1st rocket air mail flight, Greenwood Lake, NY
1938 - Joe Louis KOs Nathan Mann in 3 for heavyweight boxing title
1939 - Lou Thesz beats E Marshall in St Louis, to become wrestling champ
1939 - 11th Academy Awards - "You Can’t Take It With You," Spencer Tracy & Bette Davis wins
1940 - Russian troops conquer Lasi Island
1940 - Walt Disney's animated movie "Pinocchio," released
1941 - Plutonium was first produced and isolated by Dr. Glenn T. Seaborg.
1942 - Japanese sub fires on oil refinery in Ellwood, Calif
1943 - Gen-Maj Bradley arrives in Dakar & Marrakesh
1943 - German troops pull back through Kasserine-pass Tunisia
1944 - Forced deportation of the Chechen and Ingush people to Central Asia.
1945 - 2nd Dutch government of Gerbrandy forms in London
1945 - Canadian troops occupy Kalkar
1945 - Operation Grenade: Gen Simpsons 9th Army crosses Ruhr
Actress Bette DavisActress Bette Davis 1945 - US Marines raise flag on Iwo Jima, famous photo & statue
1947 - Gen Eisenhower opens drive to raise $170M in aid for European Jews
1954 - 1st mass inoculation with Salk vaccine (Pittsburgh)
1954 - Syrian army drives out president Adib el-Shishakli
1955 - Edgar Faure forms French government
1956 - 20th Congress of CPSU closes in Moscow
1957 - "Mr Wonderful" closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 383 performances
1957 - The founding congress of the Senegalese Popular Bloc is opened in Dakar.
1958 - 5-time world driving champion Juan Fangio kidnapped by Cuban rebels
1958 - Arturo Frondizi elected president of Argentina
1958 - Last Municipal arc light, Mission & 25th removed (installed in 1913)
1958 - USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
1959 - Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Lake Worth Golf Open
1959 - KVIE TV channel 6 in Sacramento-Stockton, CA (PBS) begins broadcasting
1960 - Demolition begins on Brooklyn's Ebbets Field (opened in 1913)
1962 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1964 - Charlie Finley signs a 4 year lease to keep A's in Kansas City
1965 - Constance Baker Motley elected Manhattan Borough president
1966 - Military coup in Syria ends Bitar government
1966 - Premier Obote grabs power in Uganda
1967 - 25th amendment (US Presidential succession) adopted
1967 - John Herbert's "Fortune & Men's Eyes," premieres in NYC
1967 - Ted Workman replaces Senator Keith Davey as CFL commissioner
1967 - US troops begin largest offensive of Vietnam War
1968 - Wilt Chamberlain becomes 1st NBAer to score 25,000 points
1969 - Nayif Hawatimah forms Dem People's Front for Liberation of Palestine

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 250

1417 - Pope Paul II [Pietro Barbo], Venice, Republic of Venice, Pope (1464-71)
1583 - Jean-Baptiste Morin, French scientist (d. 1656)
1614 - Jacob Colijn(s), Dutch coat of arms painter
1615 - Cornelis Galle II, Flemish engraver/illustrator, baptised
1633 - Samuel Pepys, London England, navy expert/composer (Diary, Memoirs)
1646 - Tokugawa Tsunayoshi, Japanese shogun (d. 1709)
1648 - Arabella Churchill, English mistress of James II of England (d. 1730)
1649 - John Blow, composer of 1st English opera (Venus & Adonis) (baptized)
1685 - George Frideric Handel, Halle Germany, baroque composer and (Messiah, Water Music)
1700 - Wilhelmus Schortinghuis, Dutch theologist (Profound Christianity)
1723 - Richard Price, Welsh philosopher (d. 1791)
1729 - Josiah Hornblower, American statesman (d. 1809)
1730 - Christian Joseph Lidarti, composer
1734 - Mayer Amschel Rothschild, Frankfurt, founder (House of Rothschild)
1743 - Mayer Amschel Rothschild, German-born banker (d. 1812)
1776 - John Walter II, London, chief proprietor (The Times, 1812-47)
1787 - Emma Willard, US, opens school for young ladies (Hall of Fame)
1792 - Istvan Ferenczi, Hungarian sculptor
1811 - George Washington Hewitt, composer
Composer George Friedrich HandelComposer George Friedrich Handel (1685) 1817 - George Watts, London, painter
1818 - Jeremy F Gilmer, Maj Gen/Chief Engineer Confederate War Dept
1824 - Herman N van der Tuuk, Dutch philologist (Tobasch' Grammar)
1824 - Lewis Cass Hunt, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1886
1831 - Hendrik W Mesdag, Dutch painter (Panorama Mesdag)
1834 - Gustav Hermann Nachtigal, German physician/colonizer/consul in Tunis
1838 - Gilbert Moxley Sorrel, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1901
1840 - Carl Menger, Austrian economist
1842 - Karl Robert Eduard von Hartmann, German philosopher (d. 1906)
1848 - Thomas Paine Westendorf, composer
1850 - César Ritz, Swiss hotelier (d. 1918)
1863 - Franz von Stuck, German painter (Der Krieg)
1865 - Barney Dreyfuss, baseball owner (Pittsburgh Pirates)
1868 - William E B Du Bois, Mass, civil rights activist and writer (Souls of Black Folk)
1869 - Nadezhda Konstantinova Krupskaya, Russian revolutionary (Soc-Dem)
1873 - Dmitri Arakishvili, composer
1873 - Liang Qichao, Chinese scholar (d. 1929)
1874 - Konstantin Päts, Estonian PM (1921-23, 1932-33), dictator (1933-40)
1875 - Jozef E Stokvis, journalist/Dutch MP (SDAP)
1876 - Agnes M Royden, writer
1876 - Wadi' Sabra, composer
1878 - Kazimir Malevich, Ukrainian painter and art theorist (d. 1935)
1879 - Agnes Arber, English biologist/philosopher (Mind & the Eye)
1879 - Norman Lindsay, Creswick Victoria, artist/novelist
1880 - Edgar Istel, composer
1881 - Titus [Anno S] Brandsma, Dutch philosopher
1882 - Ladislav Vycpalek, composer
1883 - Karl Jaspers, Oldenburg Germany, existentialist philosopher
1884 - Frank Cellier, Surbiton England, actor (Quiet Wedding, Big Blockade)
1884 - Herman Courtens, Belgian painter
1886 - Albert Edward Sammons, composer
1886 - Ventura Garcia Calderon, Peruvian diplomat/author
1887 - Oskar Frederik Lindberg, composer
1889 - Cyril Delevanti, England, actor (Lucius-Jefferson Davis, Black Eye)
1889 - Frederik M baron of Asbeck, Dutch lawyer (League of Nations)
Director Victor FlemingDirector Victor Fleming (1889) 1889 - Victor Fleming, American director (Wizard of Oz, Gone with the Wind), (d. 1949)
1889 - Musidora, French actress and director (d. 1957)
1891 - Harold Horder, Australian Rugby League player (d. 1978)
1892 - Kathleen Harrison, actress (Fast Lady, Big Money, West 11)
1895 - Richard Goolden, London England, actor (School for Husbands)
1898 - Reinhard Herbig, German archaeologist
1899 - Erich Kästner, German writer (d. 1974)
1899 - Norman Taurog, American film director (d. 1981)
1900 - Elinor Remick Warren, composer
1901 - Aartje W "Mien" van It Sant-van Bommel, author (Mieke-serial)
1901 - Edgar Ende, German painter (d. 1965)
1903 - Grigori V Aleksandrov, Russian director (Veselye Rebjata)
1904 - Leopold Trepper, Polish/Israeli spy/founded (CP Palestina)
1904 - William L Shirer, historian (Rise & Fall of 3rd Reich)
1905 - Leonidas Zoras, composer
1907 - Anthony Standerwick Heal, businessman
1908 - William McMahon, PM of Australia (Liberal) (1971-72)
1909 - Frank Ward, cricketer (Australian leggie late 30s)
1911 - G Mennen Williams, Detroit, Sup Court Justice/(Gov-D-Mich, 1949-60)
1911 - Walter Ernest Allen, writer/critic
1913 - Charles Leonard, US, pentathelete (Olympic-1936)
1913 - Edward Fiennes-Clinton, 18th Earl of Lincoln
1914 - Margaret Farrer, CEO (Central Midwives Board)
1914 - Theofiel Middelkamp, Dutch cyclist (d. 2005)
1915 - Heinrich Schirmbeck, German author (Das Spiegellabyrinth)
1915 - Jon Hall, Fresno California, actor (Ramor of the Jungle) (d. 1979)
1915 - Paul Tibbets, US Air Force retired Brigadier General and Pilot of B-29 "Enola Gay" over Hiroshima (d. 2007)
1916 - George Abel, Canada, ice hockey player (Olympic-gold-1972)
1916 - Martindale Sidwell, organist/conductor
1916 - William Walsh, academic
1917 - Kenneth Tobey, actor (Chuck-Whirlybirds) [or Mar 23]
1918 - Dom Aelred Watkin, headmaster (Downside School)
1918 - Richard G. Butler, American fascist (d. 2004)
1919 - Johnny Carey, soccer star
1919 - Derek Ezra [Baron Ezra], British politician and Liberal Democrat Life Peer
1920 - David Wright, poet
1920 - Hall Overton, Bangor Michigan, composer (Enchanted Pear Tree)
1920 - Lord St Levan
1920 - Paul Gérin-Lajoie, French Canadian politician
1923 - Gery Florizoone, Flemish poet
1923 - Dante Lavelli, AAFC/NFL end wide receiver (Cleveland Browns)
1923 - Rafael Addiego Bruno, Uruguayan politician
1924 - Lejaren Hiller, composer
1925 - Ian Smith, cricket leg-spinner (S Afr 1947-58 avg 64.08)
1925 - Louis Stokes, (Rep-D-OH, 1969- )
1926 - Regine Crespin, French vocalist (Sheherazade, Les Nuits D'ete)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 2 of 2

2002 - "Blue" country and pop singer LeAnn Rimes (19) weds backup dancer Dean Sheremet (21) at Perkins Chapel in Dallas, Texas
2013 - Former "Married … with Children" actress Christina Applegate (41) weds rocker Martyn LeNoble (43) in Los Angeles

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 116

155 - Polycarp, disciple of Apostle John, arrested & burned at stake
943 - Herbert II, Count of Vermandois, (b. 884)
1011 - Willigis, Archbishop of Mainz
1100 - Emperor Zhezong of China (b. 1076)
1447 - Eugene IV, [Gabriele Condulmer], Italian Pope (1431-47), dies
1447 - Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester (b. 1390)
1464 - Zhengtong, Emperor of China (b. 1427)
1468 - John Gutenberg, German inventor (boekdrukkunst), dies
1526 - Diego Colón, Spanish Viceroy of the Indies
1554 - Henry Grey, Duke of Suffolk, Lady Jane Grey's father, executed
1572 - Pierre Certon, French composer
1603 - Andrea Cesalpino, Italian philosopher, physician, and botanist (b. 1519)
1607 - Herman Herbertsz, vicar, dies at about 60
1669 - Lieuwe van Aitzema, Frisian historian, dies at 68
1682 - Abraham de Wicquefort, Dutch diplomat/historian, dies at 75
1704 - Georg Muffat, French/German organist/composer, dies at 50
1718 - Francois Fagel, Dutch field marshal/mayor of Nimegen, dies at 63
1766 - Stanislaw Leszcynski, duke of Lutherans/king of Poland, dies
1781 - George Taylor, American signer of the Declaration of Independence (bc. 1716)
1792 - Joshua Reynolds, English portrait painter (Simplicity), dies at 68
1800 - Joseph Warton, English literary critic (b. 1722)
1806 - John Alcock, composer, dies at 90
1807 - Francois Guichard, composer, dies at 61
Romantic Poet John KeatsRomantic Poet John Keats (1821) 1821 - John Keats, Romantic poet, dies of tuberculosis at 25 in Rome
1821 - Marie-Anne Collot, French sculptor, dies
1848 - John Quincy Adams, 6th US pres (1825-1829), dies of a stroke at 80
1855 - Carl Friedrich Gauss, mathematician, dies
1859 - Zygmunt Krasiński, Polish Romantic poet (b. 1812)
1867 - George Thomas Smart, composer, dies at 90
1879 - Albrecht Graf von Roon, Prime Minister of Prussia (b. 1803)
1884 - Tambo Tambo, Australian aboriginal/US circus attaction, dies at 23
1897 - Woldemar Bargiel, composer, dies at 68
1900 - William Butterfield, architect of the Gothic revival, dies
1902 - Samuel R Gardiner, British historian (Oliver Cromwell), dies at 72
1903 - Albert Cahen, composer, dies at 57
1903 - Friedrich Grutzmacher, composer, dies at 70
1906 - Johann Hoch, US murderer, executed
1908 - Johannes Friedrich August von Esmarch, German surgeon (b. 1823)
1913 - Jimmy Sinclair, cricketer (3 centuries in 25 Test S Afr career), dies
1915 - Robert Smalls, Reconstruction congressman, dies at 75 in SC
1916 - George Clement Martin, composer, dies at 71
1920 - Alexander Alexandrovich Il'yinsky, composer, dies at 61
1922 - Albert Victor Bäcklund, Swedish physicist (b. 1845)
1927 - Sveinbjorn Sveinbjornsson, composer, dies at 79
1930 - Horst Wessel, German nazi lyricist (Fahne Hoch), dies at 22
1930 - Mabel Normand, actress/director (Extra Girl), dies at 35
1931 - Nellie Melba, [Helen Mitchell], Australian soprano, dies
1934 - Augusto Sandino, Nicaraguan patriot, assassinated by National Guard
1934 - Edward William Elgar, English composer (Coronation Ode), dies at 76
1935 - Jan Duiker, Dutch architect (Hotel Gooiland), dies at 44
1937 - Claude Buckenham, cricketer (21 wkts in 4 Tests for Eng 1909-10), dies
1942 - Stefan Zweig, Austrian writer (Die Welt von Gestern), dies at 60
1944 - Leo Hendrick Baekeland, inventor (Bakelite), dies
1945 - Aleksei Tolstoi, Russian poet/writer (Pjotr Peroyj), dies at 62
1945 - Aubrey Cousins, Canadian sergeant (Victoria Cross), dies in battle
1946 - Tomoyuki Yamashita, Japanese general (hanged) (b. 1885)
1948 - John Robert Gregg, Irish-born publisher and inventor (b. 1866)
1955 - Paul Claudel, French poet/playwright (L'otage), dies at 86
1957 - Marika Ninou, Greek singer (b. 1918)
1960 - Arthur Legat, Belgian racing driver (b. 1898)
1961 - Wilf Ferguson, cricket leg spinner (34 wickets for West Indies), dies
1965 - Stan Laurel, comedian (Laurel & Hardy), dies of heart attack at 74
1968 - Fannie Hurst, US author (Anatomy of Me), dies at 78
1969 - Abd al-Aziz Abd al-Rahman al-Faisal al-Saud, King Saudia, dies at 67
1969 - Joseph Messner, composer, dies at 75
1970 - Hirsch Jacobs, American thoroughbred horse trainer and owner (b. 1904)
1971 - King Lockwood, dies of stroke at 73
1972 - Michael Taube, composer, dies at 81
1973 - Dickinson W. Richards, American physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1895)
1974 - Florence Rice, actress (Girl in 1313, Carnival), dies at 63
1974 - Harry Ruby, American composer and writer (b. 1895)
1976 - Fuzzy Knight, actor (Gun Town, Ragtime Cowboy Joe), dies at 74
1976 - L S Lowry, painter, dies
1976 - LS Lowry, English artist dies (b. 1887)
1979 - W.A.C. Bennett, Canadian politician (b. 1900)
1980 - Robert Vandekerckhove, Belgian politician, dies at 62
1983 - Adrian Boult, conductor, dies
1985 - Alexander Scourby, actor (Jesus, Shaggy Dog, Giant), dies at 71
1987 - Esmond Knight, actor (Black Narcissus, Henry V), dies at 80
1990 - Annelien Kappeyne van de Coppello, Dutch MP (Liberal), dies at 53
1990 - James Gavin, commandant US 82nd Airborn Div (Normandy), dies at 82
1990 - Jose Napoleon Duarte, president of Salvador (1984-89), dies at 62
1992 - Jacquelyn Hyde, actress (Dark, House of Terror), dies at 61
1992 - Markos Vafiades, leader (ELAS, 1943-49), dies
1993 - Edwin Louis Battle, actor (Almost Blue, Chase), dies of stroke at 33
1994 - Stuart Berger, doctor (Immune Power Diet), dies from obesity at 40
1995 - Art Kane, photographer, dies at 69
1995 - David Melvin English Franklin, singer, dies at 52
Novelist James HerriotNovelist James Herriot (1995) 1995 - James Herriot [Alfred Wight], Scottish author (All Creatures Great & Small), dies at 78
1995 - Norman Hunter, writer, dies at 95
1995 - Peter Guy Wykeham Fighter Pilot-Barnes, dies at 79
1996 - Freddie Stocks, cricket (cent on debut & wkt on 1st ball, Notts), dies
1996 - George Alan Dawson, jazz drummer/teacher, dies at 66
1996 - Joseph Walker Barr, banker/politician, dies at 78
1997 - Oscar Lewenstein, impressario, dies at 80
1997 - Tony Williams, jazz musician, dies at 51
1998 - Philip Abbott, actor (Arthur Ward-FBI), dies at 74
1999 - Carlos Hathcock, USMC Sniper, 93 Confirmed Kills (b. 1942)
2000 - Ofra Haza, Israeli singer (b. 1957)
2000 - Stanley Matthews, English footballer (b. 1915)

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