This Day in History for 23rd February

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 182

303 - Emperor Diocletian begins policy of persecution of Christians razing church at Nicomedia
1455 - Johannes Gutenberg prints 1st book, Bible (estimated date)
1574 - France begins 5th holy war against Huguenots
1660 - Charles XI becomes king of Sweden
1668 - Fire in Wiener Hofburg in Vienna, emperor Leopold I rescued
1672 - Joan Blaeus publishers destroyed by fire in Amsterdam
1689 - Dutch prince William III proclaimed king of England
1778 - Baron von Steuben joins Continental Army at Valley Forge
1792 - Joseph Haydn's 94th Symphony in G, premieres
1792 - Humane Society of Massachusetts incorporated (erected life-saving stations for distressed mariners)
1804 - Conspirators against Napoleon, for restoration of Louis XVIII
King of France Louis XVIIIKing of France Louis XVIII 1813 - 1st US raw cotton-to-cloth mill founded in Waltham, Mass
1820 - Cato Street conspiracy uncovered
1821 - College of Apothecaries organized in Phil; 1st US pharmacy college
1822 - Boston is incorporated as a city
1836 - Alamo besieged for 13 days until 6th March by Mexican army under General Santa Anna; entire garrison eventually killed
1846 - Polish revolutionaries march on Kraków, but are defeated
1847 - Battle of Buena Vista Mexico; Zachary Taylor defeats Mexicans
12th US President Zachary Taylor12th US President Zachary Taylor 1854 - Great-Britain & Orange Free state sign Convention of Bloemfontein
1861 - Dutch Premier Floris A van Hall resigns
1869 - Louisiana governor signs public accommodations law
1870 - Mississippi is readmitted to US
1874 - Mjr Walter Winfield patents game called "sphairistike" (lawn tennis)
1883 - Alabama becomes 1st US state to enact an antitrust law
1883 - American Anti-Vivisection Society organized (Phila)
1886 - Aluminum manufacturing process developed
1886 - London Times publishes world's 1st classified ad
1886 - Tsjaikovski's symphony "Manfred," premieres
1887 - Congress grants Seal Rocks to SF
1887 - French/Italian Riviera struck by Earthquake; 2,000 die
1892 - 1st college student government forms at Bryn Mawr Penn
1894 - Stanley Cup: Montreal AAA's awarded cup by trustees as Ottawa refuses to travel to Toronto to play
1895 - Jaap Eden skates world record 10km (17:56)
1895 - William Heard, AME minister & educator, named minister to Liberia
1896 - Tootsie Roll introduced by Leo Hirshfield
1898 - In France, Emile Zola is imprisoned for writing his "J'accuse" letter accusing government of anti-Semitism & wrongly jailing Alfred Dreyfus
1900 - Battle at Hart's Hill, South-Africa (Boers vs British army)
1900 - Steamer "Rio de Janeiro" sinks in SF Bay
1903 - The US and Cuba sign an agreement by which Cuba releases Guantanamo and Bahia Hondo to the US for naval stations
1903 - The Sultan agrees to an Austro-Russian plan to reform the government of Macedonia in yet another effort to stifle the rising disorder among the rival Bulgarian
1904 - US acquired control of the Panama Canal Zone for $10 million
1904 - Having occupied Korea, Japan signs a treaty with Korea under which it becomes a Japanese protectorate in return for Japanese protection from other powers
1905 - Rotary Club International formed by 4 men in Chicago
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion Tommy BurnsBoxer and World Heavyweight Champion Tommy Burns 1906 - Tommy Burns beats Marvin Hart in 20 for heavyweight boxing title
1909 - Russian Tsar Nicholas II dissolves Finnish Diet
1910 - 1st radio contest held (Philadelphia)
1910 - George Bernard Shaw's "Misalliance," premieres in London
1915 - Germany sinks US ships Carib & Evelyn & torpedoes Norwegian ship Regin
1915 - Nevada enforces convenient divorce law
1916 - Congress authorizes McKinley Memorial $1 gold coin
1916 - French artillery kills entire French 72nd division at Samogneux Verdun
1918 - First victory of Red Army over the Kaiser's German troops near Narva and Pskov. Since 1923 this date become the Day of Red Army in honour of this victory.
Italian Dictator Benito MussoliniItalian Dictator Benito Mussolini 1919 - Fascist Party forms in Italy by Benito Mussolini
1921 - 1st US transcontinental air mail flight arrives in NYC from San Francisco
1923 - German Republic day with laws against worker
1923 - Great Britain lowers import duty on German products from 26% to 5%
1927 - Pres Calvin Coolidge creates Federal Radio Commission (FRC)
1934 - Casey Stengel becomes manager of Brooklyn Dodgers
1934 - Coronation of King Leopold III of Belgium
1936 - 1st rocket air mail flight, Greenwood Lake, NY
1938 - Joe Louis KOs Nathan Mann in 3 for heavyweight boxing title
1939 - Lou Thesz beats E Marshall in St Louis, to become wrestling champ
Actress Bette DavisActress Bette Davis 1939 - 11th Academy Awards - "You Can’t Take It With You," Spencer Tracy & Bette Davis wins
1940 - Russian troops conquer Lasi Island
1940 - Walt Disney's animated movie "Pinocchio," released
1941 - Plutonium was first produced and isolated by Dr. Glenn T. Seaborg.
1942 - Japanese sub fires on oil refinery in Ellwood, Calif
1943 - Gen-Maj Bradley arrives in Dakar & Marrakesh
1943 - German troops pull back through Kasserine-pass Tunisia
1944 - Forced deportation of the Chechen and Ingush people to Central Asia.
1945 - 2nd Dutch government of Gerbrandy forms in London
1945 - Canadian troops occupy Kalkar
1945 - Operation Grenade: Gen Simpsons 9th Army crosses Ruhr
1945 - US Marines raise flag on Iwo Jima, famous photo & statue
1947 - Gen Eisenhower opens drive to raise $170M in aid for European Jews
Medical Researcher and Virologist Jonas SalkMedical Researcher and Virologist Jonas Salk 1954 - 1st mass inoculation with salk vaccine (Pittsburgh)
1954 - Syrian army drives out president Adib el-Shishakli
1955 - Edgar Faure forms French government
1956 - 20th Congress of CPSU closes in Moscow
1957 - "Mr Wonderful" closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 383 performances
1957 - The founding congress of the Senegalese Popular Bloc is opened in Dakar.
1958 - 5-time world driving champion Juan Fangio kidnapped by Cuban rebels
1958 - Arturo Frondizi elected president of Argentina
1958 - Last Municipal arc light, Mission & 25th removed (installed in 1913)
1958 - USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
LPGA Golfer Betsy RawlsLPGA Golfer Betsy Rawls 1959 - Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Lake Worth Golf Open
1959 - KVIE TV channel 6 in Sacramento-Stockton, CA (PBS) begins broadcasting
1960 - Demolition begins on Brooklyn's Ebbets Field (opened in 1913)
1962 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1964 - Charlie Finley signs a 4 year lease to keep A's in Kansas City
1965 - Constance Baker Motley elected Manhattan Borough president
1966 - Military coup in Syria ends Bitar government
1966 - Premier Obote grabs power in Uganda
1967 - 25th amendment (US Presidential succession) adopted
1967 - John Herbert's "Fortune & Men's Eyes," premieres in NYC
1967 - Ted Workman replaces Senator Keith Davey as CFL commissioner
1967 - US troops begin largest offensive of Vietnam War
NBA Legend Wilt ChamberlainNBA Legend Wilt Chamberlain 1968 - Wilt Chamberlain becomes 1st NBAer to score 25,000 points
1969 - Nayif Hawatimah forms Dem People's Front for Liberation of Palestine
1969 - WWVU (now WNPB) TV channel 24 in Morgantown, WV (PBS) 1st broadcast

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 250

1417 - Pope Paul II [Pietro Barbo], Venice, Republic of Venice, Pope (1464-71)
1583 - Jean-Baptiste Morin, French scientist (d. 1656)
1614 - Jacob Colijn(s), Dutch coat of arms painter
1615 - Cornelis Galle II, Flemish engraver/illustrator, baptised
1633 - Samuel Pepys, London England, navy expert/composer (Diary, Memoirs)
1646 - Tokugawa Tsunayoshi, Japanese shogun (d. 1709)
1648 - Arabella Churchill, English mistress of James II of England (d. 1730)
1649 - John Blow, composer of 1st English opera (Venus & Adonis) (baptized)
Composer George Friedrich HandelComposer George Friedrich Handel (1685) 1685 - George Frideric Handel, Halle Germany, baroque composer and (Messiah, Water Music)
1700 - Wilhelmus Schortinghuis, Dutch theologist (Profound Christianity)
1723 - Richard Price, Welsh philosopher (d. 1791)
1729 - Josiah Hornblower, American statesman (d. 1809)
1730 - Christian Joseph Lidarti, composer
1734 - Mayer Amschel Rothschild, Frankfurt, founder (House of Rothschild)
1743 - Mayer Amschel Rothschild, German-born banker (d. 1812)
1776 - John Walter II, London, chief proprietor (The Times, 1812-47)
1787 - Emma Willard, US, opens school for young ladies (Hall of Fame)
1792 - Istvan Ferenczi, Hungarian sculptor
1811 - George Washington Hewitt, composer
1817 - George Watts, London, painter
1818 - Jeremy F Gilmer, Maj Gen/Chief Engineer Confederate War Dept
1824 - Herman N van der Tuuk, Dutch philologist (Tobasch' Grammar)
1824 - Lewis Cass Hunt, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1886
1831 - Hendrik W Mesdag, Dutch painter (Panorama Mesdag)
1834 - Gustav Hermann Nachtigal, German physician/colonizer/consul in Tunis
1838 - Gilbert Moxley Sorrel, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1901
1840 - Carl Menger, Austrian economist
1842 - Karl Robert Eduard von Hartmann, German philosopher (d. 1906)
1848 - Thomas Paine Westendorf, composer
1850 - César Ritz, Swiss hotelier (d. 1918)
1863 - Franz von Stuck, German painter (Der Krieg)
1865 - Barney Dreyfuss, baseball owner (Pittsburgh Pirates)
Civil Rights Activist W.E.B. Du BoisCivil Rights Activist W.E.B. Du Bois (1868) 1868 - William E B Du Bois, Great Barrington Massachusetts, civil rights activist and writer (Souls of Black Folk)
1869 - Nadezhda Konstantinova Krupskaya, Russian revolutionary (Soc-Dem)
1873 - Dmitri Arakishvili, composer
1873 - Liang Qichao, Chinese scholar (d. 1929)
1874 - Konstantin Päts, Estonian PM (1921-23, 1932-33), dictator (1933-40)
1875 - Jozef E Stokvis, journalist/Dutch MP (SDAP)
1876 - Agnes M Royden, writer
1876 - Wadi' Sabra, composer
1878 - Kazimir Malevich, Ukrainian painter and art theorist (d. 1935)
1879 - Agnes Arber, English biologist/philosopher (Mind & the Eye)
1879 - Norman Lindsay, Creswick Victoria, artist/novelist
1880 - Edgar Istel, composer
1881 - Titus [Anno S] Brandsma, Dutch philosopher
1882 - Ladislav Vycpalek, composer
1883 - Karl Jaspers, Oldenburg Germany, existentialist philosopher
1884 - Frank Cellier, Surbiton England, actor (Quiet Wedding, Big Blockade)
1884 - Herman Courtens, Belgian painter
1886 - Albert Edward Sammons, composer
1886 - Ventura Garcia Calderon, Peruvian diplomat/author
1887 - Oskar Frederik Lindberg, composer
1889 - Cyril Delevanti, England, actor (Lucius-Jefferson Davis, Black Eye)
1889 - Frederik M baron of Asbeck, Dutch lawyer (League of Nations)
Director Victor FlemingDirector Victor Fleming (1889) 1889 - Victor Fleming, American director (Wizard of Oz, Gone with the Wind), (d. 1949)
1889 - Musidora, French actress and director (d. 1957)
1891 - Harold Horder, Australian Rugby League player (d. 1978)
1892 - Kathleen Harrison, actress (Fast Lady, Big Money, West 11)
1895 - Richard Goolden, London England, actor (School for Husbands)
1898 - Reinhard Herbig, German archaeologist
1899 - Erich Kästner, German writer (d. 1974)
1899 - Norman Taurog, American film director (d. 1981)
1900 - Elinor Remick Warren, composer
1901 - Aartje W "Mien" van It Sant-van Bommel, author (Mieke-serial)
1901 - Edgar Ende, German painter (d. 1965)
1903 - Grigori V Aleksandrov, Russian director (Veselye Rebjata)
1904 - Leopold Trepper, Polish/Israeli spy/founded (CP Palestina)
1904 - William L Shirer, historian (Rise & Fall of 3rd Reich)
1905 - Leonidas Zoras, French composer
1907 - Anthony Standerwick Heal, businessman
1908 - William McMahon, PM of Australia (Liberal) (1971-72)
1909 - Frank Ward, cricketer (Australian leggie late 30s)
1911 - G Mennen Williams, Detroit, Sup Court Justice/(Gov-D-Mich, 1949-60)
1911 - Walter Ernest Allen, writer/critic
1913 - Charles Leonard, US, pentathelete (Olympic-1936)
1913 - Edward Fiennes-Clinton, 18th Earl of Lincoln
1914 - Margaret Farrer, CEO (Central Midwives Board)
1914 - Theofiel Middelkamp, Dutch cyclist (d. 2005)
1915 - Heinrich Schirmbeck, German author (Das Spiegellabyrinth)
1915 - Jon Hall, Fresno California, actor (Ramor of the Jungle) (d. 1979)
1915 - Paul Tibbets, US Air Force retired Brigadier General and Pilot of B-29 "Enola Gay" over Hiroshima (d. 2007)
1916 - George Abel, Canada, ice hockey player (Olympic-gold-1972)
1916 - Martindale Sidwell, organist/conductor
1916 - William Walsh, academic
1917 - Kenneth Tobey, actor (Chuck-Whirlybirds) [or Mar 23]
1918 - Dom Aelred Watkin, headmaster (Downside School)
1918 - Richard G. Butler, American fascist (d. 2004)
1919 - Johnny Carey, soccer star
1919 - Derek Ezra [Baron Ezra], British politician and Liberal Democrat Life Peer
1920 - David Wright, poet
1920 - Hall Overton, Bangor Michigan, composer (Enchanted Pear Tree)
1920 - Lord St Levan
1920 - Paul Gérin-Lajoie, French Canadian politician
1923 - Gery Florizoone, Flemish poet
1923 - Dante Lavelli, AAFC/NFL end wide receiver (Cleveland Browns)
1923 - Rafael Addiego Bruno, Uruguayan politician
1924 - Lejaren Hiller, composer
1925 - Ian Smith, cricket leg-spinner (S Afr 1947-58 avg 64.08)
1925 - Louis Stokes, (Rep-D-OH, 1969- )
1926 - Regine Crespin, French vocalist (Sheherazade, Les Nuits D'ete)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 3 of 3

2002 - "Blue" country and pop singer LeAnn Rimes (19) weds backup dancer Dean Sheremet (21) at Perkins Chapel in Dallas, Texas
Actor Paul RuddActor Paul Rudd (2003) 2003 - Actor Paul Rudd (33) weds publicist Julie Yaeger
2013 - Former "Married … with Children" actress Christina Applegate (41) weds rocker Martyn LeNoble (43) in Los Angeles

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 116

155 - Polycarp, disciple of Apostle John, arrested & burned at stake
943 - Herbert II, Count of Vermandois, (b. 884)
1011 - Willigis, Archbishop of Mainz
1100 - Emperor Zhezong of China (b. 1076)
1447 - Eugene IV, [Gabriele Condulmer], Italian Pope (1431-47), dies
1447 - Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester (b. 1390)
1464 - Zhengtong, Emperor of China (b. 1427)
1468 - John Gutenberg, German inventor (boekdrukkunst), dies
1526 - Diego Colón, Spanish Viceroy of the Indies
1554 - Henry Grey, Duke of Suffolk, Lady Jane Grey's father, executed
1572 - Pierre Certon, French composer
1603 - Andrea Cesalpino, Italian philosopher, physician, and botanist (b. 1519)
1607 - Herman Herbertsz, vicar, dies at about 60
1669 - Lieuwe van Aitzema, Frisian historian, dies at 68
1682 - Abraham de Wicquefort, Dutch diplomat/historian, dies at 75
1704 - Georg Muffat, French/German organist/composer, dies at 50
1718 - Francois Fagel, Dutch field marshal/mayor of Nimegen, dies at 63
1766 - Stanislaw Leszcynski, duke of Lutherans/king of Poland, dies
1781 - George Taylor, American signer of the Declaration of Independence (bc. 1716)
1792 - Joshua Reynolds, English portrait painter (Simplicity), dies at 68
1800 - Joseph Warton, English literary critic (b. 1722)
1806 - John Alcock, composer, dies at 90
1807 - Francois Guichard, composer, dies at 61
Romantic Poet John KeatsRomantic Poet John Keats (1821) 1821 - John Keats, Romantic poet, dies of tuberculosis at 25 in Rome
1821 - Marie-Anne Collot, French sculptor, dies
1848 - John Quincy Adams, 6th US President (1825-1829), dies of a stroke at 80
1855 - Carl Friedrich Gauss, mathematician, dies
1859 - Zygmunt Krasiński, Polish Romantic poet (b. 1812)
1867 - George Thomas Smart, composer, dies at 90
1879 - Albrecht Graf von Roon, Prime Minister of Prussia (b. 1803)
1884 - Tambo Tambo, Australian aboriginal/US circus attaction, dies at 23
1897 - Woldemar Bargiel, composer, dies at 68
1900 - William Butterfield, architect of the Gothic revival, dies
Mathematician, Astronomer, and Physicist Carl Friedrich GaussMathematician, Astronomer, and Physicist Carl Friedrich Gauss (1855) 1902 - Samuel R Gardiner, British historian (Oliver Cromwell), dies at 72
1903 - Albert Cahen, composer, dies at 57
1903 - Friedrich Grutzmacher, composer, dies at 70
1906 - Johann Hoch, US murderer, executed
1908 - Johannes Friedrich August von Esmarch, German surgeon (b. 1823)
1913 - Jimmy Sinclair, cricketer (3 centuries in 25 Test S Afr career), dies
1915 - Robert Smalls, Reconstruction congressman, dies at 75 in SC
1916 - George Clement Martin, composer, dies at 71
1920 - Alexander Alexandrovich Il'yinsky, composer, dies at 61
1922 - Albert Victor Bäcklund, Swedish physicist (b. 1845)
1927 - Sveinbjorn Sveinbjornsson, composer, dies at 79
1930 - Horst Wessel, German nazi lyricist (Fahne Hoch), dies at 22
1930 - Mabel Normand, actress/director (Extra Girl), dies at 35
1931 - Nellie Melba, [Helen Mitchell], Australian soprano, dies
1934 - Augusto Sandino, Nicaraguan patriot, assassinated by National Guard
1934 - Edward William Elgar, English composer (Coronation Ode), dies at 76
1935 - Jan Duiker, Dutch architect (Hotel Gooiland), dies at 44
1937 - Claude Buckenham, cricketer (21 wkts in 4 Tests for Eng 1909-10), dies
1942 - Stefan Zweig, Austrian writer (Die Welt von Gestern), dies at 60
1944 - Leo Hendrick Baekeland, inventor (Bakelite), dies
1945 - Aleksei Tolstoi, Russian poet/writer (Pjotr Peroyj), dies at 62
1945 - Aubrey Cousins, Canadian sergeant (Victoria Cross), dies in battle
1946 - Tomoyuki Yamashita, Japanese general (hanged) (b. 1885)
1948 - John Robert Gregg, Irish-born publisher and inventor (b. 1866)
1955 - Paul Claudel, French poet/playwright (L'otage), dies at 86
1957 - Marika Ninou, Greek singer (b. 1918)
1960 - Arthur Legat, Belgian racing driver (b. 1898)
1961 - Wilf Ferguson, cricket leg spinner (34 wickets for West Indies), dies
1965 - Stan Laurel, comedian (Laurel & Hardy), dies of heart attack at 74
1968 - Fannie Hurst, US author (Anatomy of Me), dies at 78
1969 - Abd al-Aziz Abd al-Rahman al-Faisal al-Saud, King Saudia, dies at 67
1969 - Joseph Messner, composer, dies at 75
1970 - Hirsch Jacobs, American thoroughbred horse trainer and owner (b. 1904)
1971 - King Lockwood, dies of stroke at 73
1972 - Michael Taube, composer, dies at 81
1973 - Dickinson W. Richards, American physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1895)
1974 - Florence Rice, actress (Girl in 1313, Carnival), dies at 63
1974 - Harry Ruby, American composer and writer (b. 1895)
1976 - Fuzzy Knight, actor (Gun Town, Ragtime Cowboy Joe), dies at 74
1976 - L S Lowry, painter, dies
1976 - LS Lowry, English artist dies (b. 1887)
1979 - W.A.C. Bennett, Canadian politician (b. 1900)
1980 - Robert Vandekerckhove, Belgian politician, dies at 62
1983 - Adrian Boult, conductor, dies
1985 - Alexander Scourby, actor (Jesus, Shaggy Dog, Giant), dies at 71
1987 - Esmond Knight, actor (Black Narcissus, Henry V), dies at 80
1990 - Annelien Kappeyne van de Coppello, Dutch MP (Liberal), dies at 53
1990 - James Gavin, commandant US 82nd Airborn Div (Normandy), dies at 82
1990 - Jose Napoleon Duarte, president of Salvador (1984-89), dies at 62
1992 - Jacquelyn Hyde, actress (Dark, House of Terror), dies at 61
1992 - Markos Vafiades, leader (ELAS, 1943-49), dies
1993 - Edwin Louis Battle, actor (Almost Blue, Chase), dies of stroke at 33
1994 - Stuart Berger, doctor (Immune Power Diet), dies from obesity at 40
1995 - Art Kane, photographer, dies at 69
1995 - David Melvin English Franklin, singer, dies at 52
Novelist James HerriotNovelist James Herriot (1995) 1995 - James Herriot [Alfred Wight], Scottish author (All Creatures Great & Small), dies at 78
1995 - Norman Hunter, writer, dies at 95
1995 - Peter Guy Wykeham Fighter Pilot-Barnes, dies at 79
1996 - Freddie Stocks, cricket (cent on debut & wkt on 1st ball, Notts), dies
1996 - George Alan Dawson, jazz drummer/teacher, dies at 66
1996 - Joseph Walker Barr, banker/politician, dies at 78
1997 - Oscar Lewenstein, impressario, dies at 80
1997 - Tony Williams, jazz musician, dies at 51
1998 - Philip Abbott, actor (Arthur Ward-FBI), dies at 74
1999 - Carlos Hathcock, USMC Sniper, 93 Confirmed Kills (b. 1942)
2000 - Ofra Haza, Israeli singer (b. 1957)
2000 - Stanley Matthews, English footballer (b. 1915)

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