This Day in History for 24th February

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 195

303 - 1st official Roman edict for persecution of Christians issued by Emperor Diocletian
1208 - St Francis of Assisi, 26, received his vocation in Portiuncula Italy
1296 - Pope Boniface VIII degree Clericis Iaicos
1387 - King Charles III of Naples and Hungary is assassinated at Buda.
1389 - Battle at Falköping: Danes defeat King Albert of Sweden
1496 - England's Henry VII ends commercial dispute with Flanders
1510 - Pope Julius II excommunicates the republic of Venice
1525 - Battle of Pavia: Holy Roman Emperor Charles V's troops beat the French. French King Francois I captured, 15,000 killed/wounded
1527 - Ferdinand of Austria crowned as king of Bohemia
1528 - Hungarian anti-king Janos Zapolyai & Sultan Suleiman signs treaty
The Warrior Pope Julius IIThe Warrior Pope Julius II 1530 - 1st imperial coronation by a Pope, Charles V crowned by Clement V
1538 - Treaty of Nagyvarad/Peace of Grosswardein signed between Ferdinand I of Austria and John Zápolya of Hungary.
1541 - Santiago, Chile founded by Pedro de Valvidia (or 2/12)
1552 - Privileges of Hanseatic League in England are abrogated
1582 - Pope Gregory XIII announces New Style (Gregorian) calendar
1597 - Flemish painter Frederick of Valckenborch becomes porter of Frankfurt-on-Main
1607 - Claudio Monteverdi's opera "Orfeo," premieres in Mantua
1708 - Prince Johan Willem Friso sworn in as viceroy of Groningen
Composer George Friedrich HandelComposer George Friedrich Handel 1711 - Handel's opera "Rinaldo" premieres at Haymarket theatre in London
1739 - Battle of Karnal: The army of Iranian ruler Nadir Shah defeats the forces of the Mughal emperor of India, Muhammad Shah.
1779 - George Rogers Clark captures Vincennes (Ind) from British
1786 - Charles Cornwallis appointed governor-general of India
1793 - French troops conquer Breda
1803 - Supreme Court 1st rules a law unconstitutional (Marbury v Madison)
1804 - London's Drury Lane Theatre burns to the ground, leaving owner Richard Brinsley Sheridan destitute.
1807 - 17 die & 15 wounded in a crush to witness execution of Holloway, Heggerty & Elizabeth Godfrey in England
1821 - Mexico gains independence from Spain
1826 - The signing of the Treaty of Yandaboo marks the end of the First Burmese War.
1835 - Siwinowe Kesibwi (Shawnee Sun) is 1st Indian lang monthly mag
1839 - Steam shovel patented by William Otis, Philadelphia
1848 - King Louis-Philippe abdicates, 2nd French republic declared
1855 - US Court of Claims forms for cases against government
1857 - 1st perforated US postage stamps delivered to government
1857 - LA Vineyard Society organized
1863 - Arizona Territory created
1863 - Forrest's raid on Brentwood, Tennessee
1864 - -Feb 25] Battle of Tunnel Hill, GA (Buzzard's Roost)
1868 - 1st US parade with floats (Mardi Gras-Mobile Alabama)
17th US President Andrew Johnson17th US President Andrew Johnson 1868 - House of Reps vote 126 to 47, to impeach President Andrew Johnson
1875 - The SS Gothenburg hits the Great Barrier Reef and sinks off the Australian east coast, killing approximately 100, including a number of high profile civil servants and dignitaries.
1876 - Henrik Ibsen's "Peer Gynt," premieres in Oslo
1881 - De Lesseps' Co begins work on Panama Canal
1881 - China and Russia sign the Sino-Russian Ili Treaty.
1888 - Louisville, Ky becomes 1st government in US to adopt Australian ballot
1891 - French troops under capt Archinard occupy Diena West Sudan
1893 - The American University is chartered by an act of the Congress of the United States of America.
1894 - Nicaragua captures Tegucigalpa, Honduras (National Day, sort of)
1895 - Cuban war for independence begins
1896 - Victoria all out for 43 vs South Australia, Jones 6-15 Jarvis 4-27
1899 - Western Washington University is established.
1902 - Battle at Yzer Spruit: Boer general De la Rey beats British
1905 - Simplon tunnel in Switzerland completed
1906 - Tomas Estrada Palma defeats Jose Gomez in the election for president of Cuba, but Gomez and his followers refuse to accept results and sponsor an uprising
1908 - In 'Muller v Oregon', the US Supreme Court favors an Oregon law limiting maximum hours a woman may work and denies that it curtails 'liberty of contract'
1909 - The Hudson Motor Car Company is founded.
1911 - Japan and the US conclude a treaty that continues restrictions on Japanese laborers
1914 - Frank Craven's "Too Many Cooks," premieres in NYC
1917 - German plan to get Mexican help in WW I exposed (Zimmerman telegram)
1917 - Red Sox sell Smokey Joe Wood, his arm dead at 26, to Cleve for $15,000
1918 - Estonia declares independence from Russia
1920 - NSDAP begins at Hofbrauhaus Munich
1920 - Peace treaty gives Estonia independence
1921 - 1st transcontinental flight in 24 hrs flying time arrives Florida
1923 - Flying Scotsman goes into service
1923 - Mass arrests in US of mafia
1924 - Greek parliament proclaims republic
1924 - Johnny Weissmuller, swims 100m record (57 2/5 secs)
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma GandhiPacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi 1924 - Mahatma Gandhi released from jail
1925 - Thermite explosive 1st used to break up ice jam, Waddington, NY
1927 - John Golden Theater (Theatre Masque) opens at 252 W 45th St NYC
1932 - Malcolm Campbell drives record speed (253.96 mph) at Daytona
1933 - Final demonstration of German communist party in Berlin
1933 - League of Nations tells Japanese to pull out of Manchuria
1937 - 1st US group hospital-medical cooperative authorized, Wash, DC
1938 - Du Pont begins commercial production of nylon toothbrush bristles
1939 - Roy Harris' 3rd Symphony, premieres in Boston
1940 - Frances Langford records "When You Wish Upon a Star"
1941 - 43 Geuzen resistance fighter trial opens in the Hague
1941 - Anti nazi meeting at Noordermarkt Amsterdam
1942 - Voice of America begins broadcasting (in German)
1942 - The "Battle of Los Angeles" takes place, lasting until the next day.
1943 - Gen-major Bradley flies to Algiers
1943 - Texas League announces it will quit for the duration of WW II
1944 - Argentina coup by Juan Peron minister of war
1945 - Egypt & Syria declares war on nazi-Germany
1945 - Manila freed from Japanese
1945 - Nazi occupiers begin state of siege
1945 - Egyptian Premier Ahmed Maher Pasha is killed in Parliament after reading a decree.
1946 - Juan Peron elected President of Argentina
1948 - Communist Party seizes complete control of Czechoslovakia
1949 - Israel & Egypt sign an armistice agreement
1949 - V-2/WAC-Corporal 1st rocket to 5x speed of sound at White Sands Missile Range in New Mexico,
1950 - Labour wins British parliamentary election
1951 - "Bless You All" closes at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC after 84 perfs
1951 - Ice Pairs Championship at Milan won by Ria Baran & Paul Falk of GER
1951 - Ladies Figure Skating Champion in Milan won by Jeanette Altwegg of GRB
1951 - Men's Figure Skating Championship in Milan won by Richard Button USA
Golfer Sam SneadGolfer Sam Snead 1952 - Betty MacKinnon & Sam Snead wins LPGA Orlando Mixed Golf Tournament
1955 - "Silk Stockings" opens at Imperial Theater NYC for 461 performances
1955 - Pact of Baghdad between Iraq & Turkey signed

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 255

1103 - Emperor Toba of Japan (d. 1156)
1304 - Muhammad ibn Battutah, Arab travel writer (Travels in Asia & Africa)
1463 - Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, Italy, scholar/platonist
1500 - Carlos V, King of Spain (1516-56)/Holy Roman Emperor
1501 - Sixt(us) Birck [Xystus Betulius], German writer (Suzanna)
1536 - Clement VIII, [Ippolito Aldofireini], Fano Italy, Pope (1592-1605)
1545 - Don John of Austria, Spanish military leader (d. 1578)
1547 - Jan of Austria, Spanish military man/land guardian of the Netherland
1557 - Matthias, Vienna, Holy Roman emperor (1612-19)
1595 - Matthias C Sarbiewski, [Sarbievius], Polish jesuit/poet
1597 - Vincent Voiture, French poet (d. 1648)
1619 - Charles Le Brun, French artist (d. 1690)
1622 - Johannes Clauberg, German theologian and philosopher (d. 1665)
1679 - Domenico Natale Sarro, Italian opera composer
1684 - Catherine I, Empress of Russia 1725-27, Dorpat, Estonia
1684 - Matthias Braun, Czech sculptor (d. 1738)
1693 - James Quin, English actor (d. 1766)
1697 - Bernard S Albinus, [Weiss], German surgeon/anatomist
1704 - Hubert Renotte, composer
1709 - Jacques de Vaucanson, French inventor (d. 1782)
1717 - Bernhard Hupfeld, composer
1721 - John McKinly, Ulster Ireland, American physician
1723 - John Burgoyne, British general (d. 1792)
1766 - Samuel Wesley, Bristol England, composer/organist (Exultate Deo)
1771 - Johann Baptist Cramer, German/British pianist/composer/publisher
1774 - Prince Adolphus, 1st Duke of Cambridge (d. 1850)
Author Wilhelm GrimmAuthor Wilhelm Grimm (1786) 1786 - Wilhelm Karl Grimm, Hanau Germany, story teller (Grimm's Fairy Tales)
1786 - Martin W. Bates. U.S. Senator from Delaware (d. 1869)
1797 - Samuel Lover, composer
1809 - Edwin H K Freiherr von Manteuffel, governor/viceroy (Elzas-Lutherian)
1811 - Daniel A Payne, Bishop/reformer/educator of AME Church
1811 - Edward Dickinson Baker, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1861
1824 - John Crawford Vaughn, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1875
1827 - Charles Davis Jameson, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1862
1831 - Georg Leo earl von Caprivi, German chancellor/premier of Prussia
1833 - Eduard earl von Taaffe, Austrian premier (1868..93)
1836 - Winslow Homer, US, painter (Gulfstream)
1838 - Thomas Benton Smith, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1923
1842 - Arrigio Enrico Boito, composer
1846 - Luigi Denza, composer
1848 - C Grant B Allen, Canadian writer (Woman Who Did)
1848 - Johanna C P Barbiers, actress (Voddenraper of Paris)
1848 - Andrew Inglis Clark, Tasmanian politician (d. 1907)
1852 - George A Moore, Ireland, painter/novelist (Esther Waters)
1854 - Franz Courtens, Flemish painter (Golden Rain)
1858 - Arnold Dolmetsch, Le Mans, musician
1860 - Daniel Berkeley Updike, printer/publisher/writer (Printing Types)
1866 - Arthur Pearson, Wookey Somerset England, newspaper proprietor
1866 - Pyotr Nikolaevich Lebedev, Russian physicist (d. 1912)
1866 - Hubert Van Innis, Belgian archer (d. 1961)
1872 - John Jarvis, England, swimmer (won 108 titles)
MLB Shortshop Honus WagnerMLB Shortshop Honus Wagner (1874) 1874 - Honus Wagner, Chartiers Pennsylvana, HOF shortstop (Pittsburgh Pirates, 1900-17)
1876 - Jean Poveigh, composer
1876 - Victor Moore, Hammonton NJ, comedian (Ziegfeld Follies, 7 Year Itch)
1877 - Rudolf Ganz, composer
1877 - Ettie Rout, New Zealand activist (d. 1936)
1879 - Herman Teirlinck, Belgian writer (Sun)
1885 - Bert Lytell, NYC, actor (Henry-One Man's Family)
1885 - Chester Nimitz, US admiral (commanded Pacific fleet in WW II)
1885 - Joseph Sprinzak, Speaker of Israeli Knesset (1949-59)
1885 - Juliusz Kaden-Bandrowski, Polish novelist/satirist (Black Wings)
US Admiral Chester NimitzUS Admiral Chester Nimitz (1885) 1885 - Stanisław Ignacy Witkiewicz, Polish writer and painter (d. 1939)
1887 - Mary Ellen Chase, US linguistic/author (White Gate)
1890 - Antonio Massana, composer
1890 - Marjorie Main, [Tomlinson], Action Ind, actress (Another Thin Man)
1898 - Kurt Tank, German WW II aircraft designer
1899 - Jacob Presser, Dutch historian/writer (Down-fall)
1905 - E Boyland, biochemist
1905 - Guillaume Landre, The Hague, Dutch composer
1906 - Alexis Curvers, Belgian author (Tempo di Roma, Bourg-le-Rond)
1909 - August William Derleth, Sauk City Wisc, writer (Judge Peck Mysteries)
1909 - Jean Yves Morvan Marin, broadcaster
1909 - Max Black, Dutch/British/US philosopher (analytical philosophy)
1909 - Michael Francis Morris Lindsay, orientalist
1910 - Lord Hazlerigg, British peer
1911 - Konrad Lechner, composer
1912 - Julius Kowalski, composer
1913 - Richard Murphey Goodwin, economist
1914 - David Langdon, cartoonist/illustrator
1914 - Zachary Scott, Austin Tx, actor (Spotlight Playhouse, Mildred Pierce)
1914 - Ralph Erskine, British architect (Byker Wall) (d. 2005)
1915 - Charles Henry "Harry" Urwin, trade unionist
1916 - Gene Mitchell, museum director
1917 - William Fairbank, Minneapolis, physicist (superconductivity)
1919 - Alan Hugh Iliffe, psychologist
1919 - Earl Kitchener of Khartoum
1920 - Frank Rogers, CEO (NPA Telegraph)
1921 - Abe Vigoda, NYC, actor (Barney Miller, Fish)
1921 - Douglass Watson, Jackson GA, actor (Satan Murders, Another World)
1921 - Ingvar Lidholm, composer
1921 - Ludvig Aschkenazy, writer
1921 - Gaston Reiff, Belgian athlete (b. 1992)
1922 - Kanwar Rai Singh, cricketer (batted at MCG in Test for India 1948)
1922 - Richard Hamilton, painter
1922 - Steven Hill, Seattle WA, actor (Goddess, Raw Deal, Yentl, Law & Order)
1923 - David Soyer, American cellist
1924 - Lionel Dakers, director (Royal School of Church Music)
1924 - William Pillar, British admiral
1926 - Reginald Freeson, British MP
1926 - Jean Alexander, English actress

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 9 of 9

1613 - English princess Elizabeth marries Earl Frederik of Palts
Poet John MiltonPoet John Milton (1662) 1662 - English Poet and author of "Paradise Lost" John Milton marries 3rd wife Elizabeth Mynshull, 31 years his junior.
1886 - Inventor Thomas Edison (38) marries 2nd wife Mina Miller (20) in Akron Ohio.
1979 - NBA player Bill Walton (26) weds Susan Guth
1985 - NFL quarterback Joe Montana (28) weds actress and model Jennifer Wallace
1989 - Film director Tim Burton (30) weds photographer Lena Gieseke
1992 - Singer-songwriter Courtney Love (27) weds lead singer Kurt Cobain (25) on Waikiki Beach in Honolulu, Hawaii
1999 - Bollywood actor Ajay Devgan (29) weds actress Kajol Mukherjee (24) on a traditional Maharashtrian style ceremony in Juhu, Varsha
Track and Field Athlete/Drug Cheat Marion JonesTrack and Field Athlete/Drug Cheat Marion Jones (2007) 2007 - Former world champion track and field athlete Marion Jones (31) weds Olympic bronze medalist Obadele Thompson (30) at the Union Hill African Methodist Episcopal Church in Wilson's Mills, North Carolina

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 117

616 - King Ethelbert of Kent
1525 - Guillaume Gouffier, seigneur de Bonnivet, French soldier
1563 - Francois Guise, French general/duke, assassinated at 44
1588 - Johann Weyer, Dutch physician and occultist
1642 - Marco da Gagliano, Italian opera composer, dies at about 66
1666 - Nicholas Lanier, composer, dies at 77
1674 - Matthias Weckmann, German composer (b. 1616)
1685 - Charles Howard, 1st Earl of Carlisle, English politician and military leader (b. 1629)
1686 - Ferdinando Tacca, Italian painter/son of Pietro Tacca, dies at 66
1692 - Antimo Liberati, composer, dies at 74
1704 - Marc-Antoine Charpentier, French composer (church music), dies
1714 - Edmund Andros, English governor in North America (b. 1637)
1721 - John Sheffield, 1st Duke of Buckingham and Normanby, English statesman and poet (b. 1648)
1732 - Colonel Francis Charteris, known as "The Rape-Master General". (b. 1675)
1735 - Georg Friedrich Kauffman, composer, dies at 56
1777 - King Joseph I of Portugal (b. 1714)
1779 - Paul Daniel Longolius, German encylopedist (b. 1704)
1781 - Edward Capell, English critic (b. 1713)
1784 - Anton Laube, composer, dies at 65
1785 - Carlo Bonaparte, Corsican attorney, dies at 39
1799 - Broerius Brorius, theologist (Pensive Christian), dies at about 41
1799 - Georg C Lichtenberg, German physicist/writer, dies at 56
1806 - John Nieuwenhuijzen, theologist (Society for General Use), dies at 81
1810 - Henry Cavendish, physicist/chemist, dies
1812 - Hugo Kollataj, Polish teacher/minister, dies at 61
1812 - Etienne-Louis Malus, French physicist and mathematician (b. 1775)
Commercial Steamboat Inventor Robert FultonCommercial Steamboat Inventor Robert Fulton (1815) 1815 - Robert Fulton, steamboat pioneer, dies at 49
1825 - Thomas Bowdler, self-appointed Shakespearean censor, dies
1829 - Auguste Chouteau, St Louis co-founder, dies
1862 - Bernard S Ingemann, Danish author (Holger Danske), dies at 72
1874 - Anselmo Clave, composer, dies at 49
1876 - Jan Pieter Heije, Dutch physician/writer/poet, dies at 67
1876 - Joseph Jenkins Roberts, first President of Liberia (b. 1809)
1895 - Ignaz Lachner, composer, dies at 87
1907 - Otto Goldschmidt, composer, dies at 77
1908 - Anatol' Vakhnyanyn, composer, dies at 66
1914 - Joshua Chamberlain, Civil War hero for the Union on Little Round Top at the Battle of Gettysburg
1919 - Josephine McGill, composer, dies at 41
1922 - Dmitri B Shostakovitch, father of Russian composer Dmitri D S, dies
1924 - Edmond Picard, Fren/Belgium writer (Ambidextre journalist), dies at 87
1925 - Hjalmar Branting, Prime Minister of Sweden, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1860)
1926 - Eddie Plank, pitcher (won 327 games in 17 years), dies at 51
1929 - Andre-Charles-Prosper Messager, composer, dies at 75
1930 - Jacobus van Looy, Dutch writer/painter (Night Cactus), dies at 74
1933 - Spottiswoode Aitken, actor (Eagle, Home Sweet Home), dies at 64
1941 - Oskar Loerke, German director (Longest Day-1926), dies at 56
1944 - Leo H A Baekeland, Belgian/US chemist (bakeliet), dies at 80
1945 - Ahmed Maher Pasha, Egypt's PM, assassinated in parliament
1953 - Karl R G von Rundstedt, Germ gen-field marshal (Ardennes), dies at 77
1958 - Fernand Baldensperger [Fernand Baldenne], French poet, dies at 86
1960 - Jean Binet, composer, dies at 66
1964 - Alexander Archipenko, Ukr sculptor/water colors painter, dies at 76
1964 - Frank Conroy, actor (Midnight Mary, Threat), dies at 73
1967 - Franz Waxman, German composer (Day at the races), dies at 60
1969 - Kenneth Green, actor (Penrod), dies of heart attack at 61
1970 - Conrad Nagel, actor (Celebrity Time), dies at 73
1973 - Art Smith, actor (Quicksand), dies of heart attack at 73
1975 - Nikolai A Bulganin, marshal/premier of USSR (1955-58), dies at 79
1976 - Charles Wilfred Orr, composer, dies at 82
1976 - H Allen Smith, TV host (Armchair Detective), dies at 69
1976 - Julian Rivero, actor (Via Pony Express), dies at 85
1982 - Virginia Bruce, actress (Born to Dance, Great Ziegfield), dies at 71
1983 - Herbert Norman Howells, composer, dies at 90
1984 - Uwe Johnson, writer, dies at 59
1984 - Helmut Schelsky, German sociologist (b. 1912)
Father of Medicare Tommy DouglasFather of Medicare Tommy Douglas (1986) 1986 - Tommy Douglas, Canadian politician and "Father of Medicare", dies of cancer at 81
1987 - Jim Connors, Legendary Radio personality (b. 1940)
1988 - Irwan Chanin, US theater builder, dies at 96
1989 - Sparky Adams, American baseball player (b. 1894)
1990 - Johnnie Ray, singer (Cry), dies of liver failure at 61
1990 - Malcolm Forbes, CEO (Forbes Publishing), dies of a heart attack at 70
1990 - Sandro Pertini, president of Italy (1978, 85), dies at 93
1990 - Tony Conigliaro, baseball player (Red Sox), dies of pneumonia at 45
1991 - George Gobel, Chicago, comedian (George Gobel Show), dies at 71
Publisher Malcolm ForbesPublisher Malcolm Forbes (1990) 1991 - Jean Rogers, actress (Flash Gordon, Hot Cargo), dies at 74
1991 - Marcella Markham, dies of breast cancer at 68
1991 - Webb Pierce, US country singer (Bye Bye Love), dies of cancer at 64
1992 - Kay Loring, dies after long illness
1993 - Bobby Moore, English soccer team capt (World champs 1966), dies
1993 - Danny Gallivan, Canadian radio and television sportscaster (b. 1917)
1994 - Dinah Shore, singer (Chevrolet), dies of cancer at 76
1994 - Donald Phillips, pianist/composer, dies at 80
1994 - Jean Sablon, crooner, dies at 87
1994 - Knut Anders Haukfield, SOE Operative, dies at 83
1994 - Lores Bonney, aviator, dies at 96
1995 - Richard Nicholson, musician, dies at 89
1996 - Anna Larina, revolutionary, dies at 82
1996 - Gene Mitchell, museum director, dies on 70th birthday
1996 - James Runcieman Sutherland, academic, dies at 95
1996 - Laurence Richard Deniz, jazz guitarist, dies at 71
1997 - Isabelle Harriet Lucas, actress/singer (Outland, Comics), dies at 69
1998 - Henny Youngman, comedian (Take my wife please), dies at 92
1998 - Antonio Prohias, Cuban-born cartoonist (b. 1921)
1999 - Andre Dubus, American writer (b. 1936)
1999 - Frank Leslie Walcott, Barbadian labour leader (b. 1916)
2001 - Claude E. Shannon, American information theorist (b. 1916)
2002 - Arthur Lyman, American jazz vibraphone and marimba player (b. 1932)
2002 - Leo Ornstein, Russian-born composer and pianist (b. 1912)
2003 - John Edward Christopher Hill, English historian (b. 1912)
2003 - Bernard Loiseau, French chef (b. 1951)

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