This Day in History for 26th February

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 186

747 BC - Epoch (origin) of Ptolemy's Nabonassar Era.
364 - Valentinian I is proclaimed Roman Emperor.
1266 - Battle of Benevento fought in Southern Italy between Manfred of Sicily and army of Charles of Anjou
1534 - Pope Paul II affirms George van Egmond as bishop of Utrecht
1590 - Mauritius of Nassaus sails to Breda
1616 - Spanish Inquisition delivers injunction to Galileo
1732 - 1st mass celebrated in 1st American Catholic church, St Joseph's, Philadelphia
1773 - Construction authorized for Walnut St jail (Phila) (1st solitary)
1794 - Christiansborg Castle, Copenhagen burns down.
1797 - Bank of England issues first £1-note
1804 - Vice-admiral William Bligh (of Bounty fame) ends siege of Fort Amsterdam, Willemstad
1815 - Napoleon & 1,200 leave Elba to start 100-day re-conquest of France
French Emperor Napoléon BonaparteFrench Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte 1832 - Polish constitution abolished/replaced by Tsar Nicholas I
1834 - 1st US interstate crime compact (NY-NJ) ratified
1839 - Jem Mason on Lottery wins 1st Grand National Steeplechase (Britain)
1848 - 2nd French Republic proclaimed
1848 - Marx & Engels publish "Communist Manifesto"
1852 - British troopship Birkenhead sinks off South Africa-458 die, 193 survive
1859 - Paul Morphy's chess match vs Augustus Mongredien begins; Morphy wins
1862 - Battle of Woodburn, KY
1863 - Lincoln signs National Currency Act
1866 - New York Legislature forms NYC Metropolitan Board of Health
1869 - 15th Amendment guaranteeing right to vote sent to states to ratify
Composer Franz SchubertComposer Franz Schubert 1869 - Franz Schubert's "4th Tragic," premieres
1870 - 1st NYC subway line opens (pneumatic powered)
1881 - -27] Natal: British troops under Major General Colley occupy Majuba Hill
1881 - SS Ceylon begins 1st round-the-world cruise from Liverpool
1884 - British & Portuguese treaty signed in Congo by Leopold II
1885 - Congress of Berlin; gives Congo to Belgium & Nigeria to Great Britain
1887 - George Lohmann took 1st 8-wkt haul in Test Crickets, 8-35 at SCG
1891 - 1st buffalo purchased for Golden Gate Park
1891 - Henrik Ibsens "Hedda Gabler," premieres in Oslo
1893 - 2 Clydesdale horses set record by pulling 48 tons on a sledge, Mich
1893 - Einar Halvorsen skates world record 500m (48 sec)
1895 - Michael Owens of Toledo, Ohio patents a glass-blowing machine
1901 - British general Kitchener confers with Boer general Louis Botha about peace conditions, which break down over the question of amnesty for some Boers
1907 - Royal Oil & Shell merge to form British Petroleum (BP)
1907 - US Congress raised their own salaries to $7,500
1907 - Louis Botha Het Volk Party wins a majority in the election in Transvaal, South Africa
1909 - Austria and Turkey conclude an agreement in which Turkey recognizes Austria's 1908 annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and is to receive compensation
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma GandhiPacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi 1910 - Gandhi supports the African People's Organisations resolution to declare the day of arrival of the Prince of Wales in South Africa as a day of mourning in protest against the South Africa Acts disenfranchisement of Indians, Coloureds and Africans in the upcoming Union of South Africa
1912 - Coal miners strike in Britain (settle on 1st March)
1914 - New York Museum of Science & Industry incorporated
1914 - HMHS Britannic, sister to the Titanic, is launched at Harland & Wolff, Belfast.
1915 - Malancourt, Argonnen (1st (German) flame-thrower
1916 - Germans sink French transport ship Provence II, killing 930
1916 - Mutual signs Charlie Chaplin to a film contract
1916 - Russian troops conquer Kermansjah Persia
Comedian/Actor/Filmaker Charlie ChaplinComedian/Actor/Filmaker Charlie Chaplin 1917 - 1st jazz records recorded - "Dixie Jazz Band One Step," and "Livery Stable Blues" by Original Dixieland Jass Band for the Victor Talking Machine Company
1917 - [NS Mar 11] Russian February Revolution: Tsar Nicolas II orders army to quell civil unrest in Petrograd - army mutinies
1917 - 1st Annual fair at Utrecht Harbor (Netherlands)
1918 - Stands at Hong Kong Jockey Club collapse & burn, killing 604
1919 - Acadia National Park forms (as Lafayette N P), Maine
1919 - Congress forms Grand Canyon National Park in Arizona
1923 - Italian nationalist & fascists merge (blue-shirts & black-shirts)
1924 - Trial against Hitler in Munich begins
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf HitlerDictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler 1925 - Jihad against Turkish government
1926 - Dark Street in the Bronx renamed Lustre Street
1929 - US Pres Calvin Coolidge establishes Grand Teton National Park
1930 - "Green Pastures" opens at Mansfield Theater
1930 - 1st red & green traffic lights installed (Manhattan NYC)
1930 - West Indies make 1st Test Cricket win, by 289 runs over England
1933 - Golden Gate Bridge ground-breaking ceremony held at Crissy Field
1933 - Marinus van der Lubbe kept overnight in a police cell
1935 - German Luftwaffe is re-formed under Reichsmarshall Hermann Goering
Baseball Legend Babe RuthBaseball Legend Babe Ruth 1935 - NY Yankees release Babe Ruth, he signs with Boston Braves
1935 - RADAR-Radio Detection & Ranging 1st demonstrated (Robert Watson-Watt)
1936 - Hitler introduces Ferdinand Porsche's "Volkswagen"
1936 - Military coup in Japan
1937 - C Isherwood/WH Auden's "Ascent of F6," premieres in London
1938 - 1st passenger ship equipped with radar
1938 - Rie Van Veen swims world record 200m free style (2:24.6)
1938 - US female Figure Skating championship won by Joan Tozzer
1938 - US male Figure Skating championship won by Robin Lee
1940 - US Air Defense Command forms at Mitchel Field, LI, NY
1941 - 2 fighters unable to continued slugfest, referee declares double KO
1941 - Cowboys' Amateur Association of America organized (California)
1941 - Utrecht & Zaandam strike against raid on Jews
1941 - Vichy-France makes religious education in school mandatory
1942 - German battle cruiser Gneisenau deactivated by bomb
1942 - Radio Orange calls for March 1 day of prayer in Dutch Indies
1942 - WW II Navy flier Don Mason sends message "Sighted sub sank same"
1942 - Werner Heisenberger informs nazis about uranium project "Wunderwaffen"
1943 - German assault moves to Beja North Tunisia
1944 - 1st female US navy captain, Sue Dauser of nurse corps, appointed
1945 - Very heavy bombing on Berlin by 8th US Air Force
1946 - 2 killed & 10 wounded in race riot in Columbia Tenn
1949 - USAF plane began 1st nonstop around-the-world flight
1950 - Leonard Bernstein's "Age of Anxiety," premieres in NYC
1951 - Bread rationing in Czechoslovakia
1952 - Neth-Indonesian Unity conference
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston ChurchillSoldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill 1952 - PM Winston Churchill announces Britain has its own atomic bomb
1953 - Allen W Dulles, promoted from deputy to 5th director of CIA
1954 - 1st typesetting machine (photo engraving) used, Quincy Mass
1954 - Michigan rep Ruth Thompson (R) introduces legislation to ban mailing "obscene, lewd, lascivious or filthy" phonograph (rock & roll) records
1955 - "Peter Pan" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 149 performances
1955 - 1st aviator to bail out at supersonic speed-GF Smith
1956 - Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Sarasota Golf Open
1956 - Writers and poets Sylvia Plath & Ted Hughes meet at a party in Cambridge
First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Nikita KhrushchevFirst Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Nikita Khrushchev 1960 - Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev voices support for Indonesia

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 241

1361 - Wenceslas of Bohemia, Holy Roman Catholic German emperor (1378-1400)
1587 - Stefano Landi, Italian composer (d. 1639)
1588 - Nicolaus Erich, composer
1671 - Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 3rd Earl of Shaftesbury, English politician and philosopher (d. 1713)
1672 - Antoine Augustine Calmet, French theologian (d. 1757)
1675 - Johann Philipp Treiber, composer
1677 - Nicola Fago, composer
1714 - James Hervey, English clergyman and writer (d. 1758)
1717 - John Randall, composer
1720 - Gian Francesco Albani, Italian Catholic cardinal (d. 1803)
1746 - Archduchess Marie Amalie of Austria, duchess of Piacenza (d. 1806)
1770 - Antoine Reicha, composer
1772 - Caspar Furstenau, composer
1799 - Émile Clapeyron, French engineer and physicist (d. 1864)
Author Victor HugoAuthor Victor Hugo (1802) 1802 - Victor Hugo, France, author (Hunchback of Notre Dame, Les Miserables)
1808 - Honoré Daumier, French painter, illustrator, and sculptor (d. 1879)
1808 - Nathan Kelley, American architect, active mainly in Ohio, (d.1871)
1814 - Charles Joseph Sainte-Claire Deville, French geologist (d. 1876)
1824 - Carlos Calvo, Argentine diplomat/people rights scholar (Calvo Clause)
1825 - Hans Balatka, composer
1829 - Levi Strauss, German-born clothing designer (d. 1902)
1831 - Filippo Marchetti, composer
Fashion Designer Levi StraussFashion Designer Levi Strauss (1829) 1832 - John George Nicolay, US, author (Abe Lincoln's biographer)
1834 - Aleksander Zarzycki, composer
1835 - Richard Andree, German geography/etnologist (Andree's Handatlas)
1837 - Charles Woeste, Belgian count/min of Justice
1838 - Wendelin Weissheimer, composer
1841 - Evelyn Baring earl Cromer, English consul-general (Egypt)
1842 - Camille Flammarion, Mars researcher & popularizer of astronomy
1845 - Aleksander Rozycki, composer
1845 - Alexander III, St Petersburg, Russian tsar (1881-94) (3/10 NS)
1846 - William F "Buffalo Bill" Cody, Davenport Iowa, killed 4000 buffaloes
1852 - John Harvey Kellogg, surgeon, inspired flaked cereal industry
1857 - Emile Coué, French pharmacist (recovery by auto suggestion)
1858 - Vladimir Serbsky, Russian psychiatrist (d. 1917)
1861 - Ferdinand I, Vienna, 1st tsar of modern Bulgaria (1908-18)
1866 - Herbert Henry Dow, pioneer in US chemical industry (Dow Chemical)
1867 - Siegfried Passarge, German geographer (Cameroon/So Afr/America)
1868 - Leonard Borwick, British(?) pianist
1869 - Nadezjda K Krupskaja, Russian revolutionary/wife of Lenin
1873 - Ewoud van Everdingen, Dutch meteorologist
1874 - Carl Vogler, composer
1875 - Emma Dunn, actress (Dr Monica, Dr Kildare's Strange Case, Hideaway)
1875 - Richard Wetz, composer
1876 - Agustin P Justo y Rolon, pres Argentina (1931-38)
1876 - Pauline Musters, smallest man (1'11.2" (58.9 cm))
1877 - Carel S Adama van Scheltema, Dutch poet/writer (socialism)
1877 - Russell Alexander, composer
1879 - Frank Bridge, English violinist/composer/conductor/tutor of B Britten
1882 - Walter Lucht, German artillery general (WW I/WW II)
1882 - Husband E. Kimmel, American admiral (d. 1968)
1883 - Erich R Jaensch, German psychologist (eidetism)
1884 - Christina A A [Dina] Koudijs-van Appeldoorn, pianist/composer
1884 - Dina Appeldoorn, composer
1884 - Hildo Krop, Dutch modernistic sculptor
1885 - Lili Green, [Alice Sally Mary], Neth/Eng dancer
1885 - Aleksandras Stulginskis, President of Lithuania (d. 1969)
1887 - Benegal Narsing Rau, India, pres of UN Security Council (1950)
1887 - Grover Cleveland Alexander, HOF baseball pitcher (Phillies, Cubs)
1887 - Stefan Grabinski, Polish writer (d. 1936)
1891 - Alan Bridge, PA, actor (North of Arizona, Badmen of the Hills)
1893 - Ivor A "I A" Richards, English poet/critic (Meaning of Meaning) [NS]
1893 - William Frawley, Burlington, Iowa, American actor (I Love Lucy, Bub-My 3 Sons)
1896 - Andrei A Zjdanov, Russian politician (against kosmopolitism)
1896 - Eduard Flipse, Dutch conductor/composer
1898 - Julien de Valckenaere, Flemish writer
1899 - Max Petitpierre, member of the Swiss Federal Council (d. 1994)
1900 - Jean Negulesco, Craiova Romania, director (Johnny Belinda, Jessica)
1902 - Rudolf Moralt, German conductor (Vienna Philharmonic)
1902 - Vercors, [Jean Bruller], French writer (Le Silence de la Mer)
1903 - Giulio Natta, Italian chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1979)
1906 - Madeleine Carroll, England, actress (39 Steps, Secret Agent)
1906 - Nikos Ghika, artist
1907 - Dub Taylor, American actor (d. 1994)
1908 - Tex Avery, American cartoonist (d. 1980)
1908 - Leela Majumdar, Bengali writer (d. 2007)
1908 - Jean-Pierre Wimille, French race car driver (d. 1949)
1909 - Phyllis Fanny Primrose-Pechey Cradock, TV Chef
1909 - King Talal of Jordan (d. 1972)
1911 - Josef Smrkovsky, Czechoslovakia MP chairman
1911 - Tarō Okamoto, Japanese avant-garde artist (d. 1996)
1913 - George G Barker, English poet (Calamiterror, Anno Domini)
1913 - Hermann Lenz, writer
1914 - Robert Alda, NYC, actor (Dan Lewis-Supertrain, By Popular Demand)
1914 - Witold Rowicki, composer
1915 - Elisabeth Eybers, South Afr/Dutch poetess (That Woman & Other Verses)
1915 - Pran Nath Chhuttani, physician/teacher
1916 - Mordecai Seter, composer
1916 - Ross Gregory, cricketer (Australian batsman 1936-37, died in WW II)
1917 - Robert Taft Jr, (Sen-R-Oh)
1918 - Edwin Charles "Preacher" Roe, baseball pitcher (Bkln Dodgers)
1918 - Otis R Bowen, US Sec of Health & Human Services (1985-89)
1918 - Theodore [Hamilton] Sturgeon, US, sci-fi author (Hugo, It, Caviar)
1919 - Beppie Nooij, actress/director (Bluejackets-Rooie Sien)
1919 - Luc-Andre Marcel, composer
1919 - Mason Adams, NYC, actor (Charlie Hume-Lou Grant, Deadliest Season)
1920 - A W [Rie] Kuiper-Mastenbroek, Neth, swimmer (Olympics-3 gold-1936)
1920 - Antony Kearey, TV producer
1920 - Tony Randall, [Leonard Rosenberg], Tulsa Ok, actor (Felix-Odd Couple)
1920 - Danny Gardella, American baseball player (d. 2005)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 8 of 8

Astronomer Edwin HubbleAstronomer Edwin Hubble (1924) 1924 - Astronomer Edwin Hubble (34) weds Grace Burke in Pasadena, California
1928 - Actress Mary Astor (21) weds director Kenneth Hawks (30) at her family home in Moorcrest
1934 - Theoretical physicist Edward Teller (25) weds Augusta Maria Harkanyi
1984 - Pak Awang (84) marries 80th spouse
1994 - Actor Dolph Lundgren (34) weds Anette Qviberg in Stockholm
2004 - Comedian Rosie O'Donnell (41) weds marketing executive Kelli O'Donnell (36) in San Francisco, California
2009 - Supermodel Gisele Bundchen (32) weds NFL New England Patriots quarterback Tom Brady (35) at St. Monica Catholic Church in Santa Monica
NFL Quarterback Tom BradyNFL Quarterback Tom Brady (2009) 2011 - Musician Cisco Adler (32) weds model Barbara Stoyanoff (30) at Wayfarers Chapel in Palos Verdes

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 1 of 1

Actor Max Von SydowActor Max Von Sydow (1979) 1979 - Actor Max Von Sydow (49) divorces actress Christina Olin after 28 years of marriage

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 118

1076 - Godfried III, with the Hump, duke of Neth-Lutherian, murdered
1154 - Rogier II Guiscard, King of Sicily (1101-54), dies at 60
1200 - Symeon, former Serbian ruler and saint
1266 - Manfred, bastard son of Emperor Frederik II/king of Sicily, dies at the Battle of Benevento
1324 - Dino Compagni, Italian silk seller/poet/chronicler, dies
1360 - Roger Mortimer, 2nd Earl of March, English military leader (b. 1328)
1538 - Worp van Thabor, Frisian abbott of Thabor (Chronicon Frisiae), dies
1552 - Heinrich Faber, German composer
1561 - Jorge de Montemayor, Spanish writer
1577 - Erik XIV Wasa, King of Sweden (1560-69), dies at 43
1608 - John Still, English bishop
1630 - William Brade, composer, dies
1686 - Godefroi L Comte d'Estrades, French diplomat/marshal, dies at about 78
1723 - Thomas d'Urfey, English writer (b. 1653)
1726 - Maximilian II M Emanuel, elect of Bavaria/governor of Netherlands, dies
1766 - August Bernhard Valentin Herbing, composer, dies at 30
1770 - Francois Hanot, composer, dies at 72
1770 - Giuseppe Tartini, Italian composer/violinist, dies at 77
1802 - Esek Hopkins, American Revolutionary War admiral (b. 1718)
1810 - Johann Ernst Rembt, composer, dies at 60
American Founding Father Robert R. LivingstonAmerican Founding Father Robert R. Livingston (1813) 1813 - Robert R. Livingston, US diplomat (Decl of Independence), dies at 66
1815 - Prince Josias of Coburg, Austrian general (b. 1737)
1821 - Joseph de Maistre, Savoyard diplomat and writer (b. 1753)
1823 - John P Kemble, English actor/director (Covent Garden), dies at 66
1827 - David Moritz Michael, composer, dies at 75
1857 - Ole Andreas Lindeman, composer, dies at 88
1859 - Ferdinand Lukas Schubert, composer, dies at 64
1864 - Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine, French Canadian politician (b. 1807)
1870 - Wyatt Outlaw, black leader of Union League in NC, lynched
1871 - Charles Niellon, Belgian brigade general, dies at 76
1883 - Alexandros Koumoundouros, Greek politician, Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1817)
1889 - Karl Davydov, Russian cellist (b. 1838)
1901 - Chi-hsui, during Boxer Rebellion in China, beheaded
1901 - Hsu Cheng-yu, during Boxer Rebellion in China, beheaded
1903 - Richard J Gatling, US inventor (Gatling Gun), dies at 84
1906 - Manuel Fernandez Caballero, composer, dies at 70
1913 - Felix Draeseke, composer, dies at 77
1920 - Ludwig Rubiner, writer, dies at 38
1921 - Carl Menger, Austrian economist, dies at 81
1926 - Frederik Pijper, Dut vicar/church historian (Monasteries), dies at 67
1926 - Peter Erasmus Lange-Muller, composer, dies at 75
1930 - Raffaele Merry del Val, Spanish Cardinal, dies at 64
1931 - Otto Wallach, German chemist (Nobel 1910), dies at 83
1933 - Antonio Nicolau, Spanish composer/conductor, dies at 74
1933 - Princess Thyra, daughter of Christian IX of Denmark (b. 1853)
1941 - Jan Keizer, Zaanse February striker, shot to death
1943 - Theodor Eicke, Nazi official (b. 1892)
1947 - Ben Webster, actor (Old Curiosity Shop), dies at 82
1947 - Heinrich Häberlin, Swiss politician, member of the Federal Council (b. 1868)
1950 - Harry Lauder (Maclennan), Scottish comic/singer, dies at about 75
1953 - Elisabeth "Ilse" Kuyper, Dutch/US (opera)composer, dies
1954 - William R Inge, English theologist/philosopher, dies at 93
1956 - Herman Courtens, Belgian baron/painter, dies at 72
1960 - Aleksandar Belic, Swedish linguist, dies at 83
1961 - Karl Albiker, German sculptor (Problem of the Plastic), dies at 83
1961 - Mohammed V, ibn Yusuf, sultan/King of Morocco, dies at 51
1962 - Carl Emil Theodor Ehrenberg, composer, dies at 83
1963 - Artturi A Leinonen, Fin journalist/politician (Prophet), dies at 74
Civil Rights Protestor Jimmie Lee JacksonCivil Rights Protestor Jimmie Lee Jackson (1965) 1965 - Jimmie Lee Jackson, civil rights activist, dies from gunshot wounds at 26
1966 - Minerva Urecal, actress (Peter Gunn, Adv of Tugboat Annie), dies at 71
1966 - Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, Indian freedom fighter and writer (b. 1883)
1967 - Harry McNaughton, comedian (It Pays to be Ignorant), dies at 70
1968 - Eric Feldary, actor (16 Fathoms Deep), dies of burns at 55
1969 - Karl Jaspers, German psychiatrist/philosopher, dies at 86
1969 - Levi Eshkol, [Sjkolnik], premier (Israel), dies at 73
1970 - Ethel Leginska, composer, dies at 83
1971 - Edward van der Merwe, cricket keeper (S Afr in 2 Tests in 30's), dies
1971 - Fernandel, [Contandin], French actor (Death of Champion), dies at 67
1971 - Joseph Berg, composer, dies at 43
1971 - Joseph Desire Fernandel, comedian, dies of cancer at 67
1971 - Tullio Carminati, actor (Roman Holiday, Moulin Rouge), dies at 76
1972 - Tom Manders, Dutch cabaret artist (Dorus), dies at 50
1973 - Mary Finney, actress (Honestly Celeste), dies at 68
1977 - Bukka White, rocker, dies at 43
1977 - Maxime Jacob, composer, dies at 71
1981 - FC Terborgh, [Reijnier Flaes], lawyer/writer (Turkish War), dies at 79
1981 - Howard Hanson, US composer/conductor (Nordic), dies at 84
1981 - Munabi, assistant to Uganda president Obote, murdered
1981 - Robert Aickman, English writer and conservationist (b. 1914)
1982 - Gabor Szabo, Hungarian jazz pianist (Perfect Circle), dies at 45
1989 - Roy Eldridge, American jazz trumpet player, dies at 78
1990 - Cornell Gunther, US musician (Coasters, Poison Ivy), dies at 53
1990 - Leslie Ames, cricketer (47 Tests, 2434 runs 8 centuries), dies
1990 - Maurine Stuart, Zen teacher (head of Cambridge Buddhist Association), dies
1990 - Scott Jarvis, musician (Great Expectationa), dies
1991 - Slim Gaillard [Bulee], American Jazz singer/songwriter, dies at 75
1992 - Gerrit Schulte, "Crazy Cyclist", Dutch 6-days bicyclist, dies at 76
1992 - Jean R Yawkey, owner (Boston Red Sox), dies of a stroke at 83
1992 - S I Hayakawa, (Sen-R-California), dies of a stroke at 85
1993 - Constance Ford, US actress (Another World, Burden Hunt), dies at 64
1993 - Fletcher Knebel, author (7 Days in May), commits suicide at 81
1993 - Mark Kolthoff, Dutch painter/photographer, dies at 92
1994 - Avery Fisher, US audio manufacturer (1st hi-fi), dies at 87
1994 - Leopold "Hans" Kohr, Austrian social philosopher, dies at 84
1994 - William Melvin "Bill" Hicks, American stand-up comedian and social critic, dies of pancreatic cancer at 32
1996 - Audrey Angers, charity pioneer
1996 - Daniel John Chapman Cunningham, physiologist, dies at 76
1997 - David Doyle, actor (Charlie's Angels), dies at 67
1997 - Giuseppe 'Nuccio' Bertone, car Designer, dies at 82
1998 - J T Walsh, actor (Good Morning Vietnam), dies at 54

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