This Day in History for 26th February

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 179

747 BC - Epoch (origin) of Ptolemy's Nabonassar Era.
364 - Valentinian I is proclaimed Roman Emperor.
1266 - Battle of Benevento fought in Southern Italy between Manfred of Sicily and army of Charles of Anjou
1534 - Pope Paul II affirms George van Egmond as bishop of Utrecht
1590 - Mauritius of Nassaus sails to Breda
1616 - Spanish Inquisition delivers injunction to Galileo
1732 - 1st mass celebrated in 1st American Catholic church, St Joseph's, Philadelphia
1773 - Construction authorized for Walnut St jail (Phila) (1st solitary)
1794 - Christiansborg Castle, Copenhagen burns down.
1797 - Bank of England issues first £1-note
1804 - Vice-admiral William Bligh (of Bounty fame) ends siege of Fort Amsterdam, Willemstad
1815 - Napoleon & 1,200 leave Elba to start 100-day re-conquest of France
French Emperor Napoleon BonaparteFrench Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte 1832 - Polish constitution abolished/replaced by Tsar Nicholas I
1834 - 1st US interstate crime compact (NY-NJ) ratified
1839 - Jem Mason on Lottery wins 1st Grand National Steeplechase (Britain)
1848 - 2nd French Republic proclaimed
1848 - Marx & Engels publish "Communist Manifesto"
1852 - British troopship Birkenhead sinks off South Africa-458 die, 193 survive
1859 - Paul Morphy's chess match vs Augustus Mongredien begins; Morphy wins
1862 - Battle of Woodburn, KY
1863 - Lincoln signs National Currency Act
1866 - New York Legislature forms NYC Metropolitan Board of Health
1869 - 15th Amendment guaranteeing right to vote sent to states
Composer Franz SchubertComposer Franz Schubert 1869 - Franz Schubert's "4th Tragic," premieres
1870 - 1st NYC subway line opens (pneumatic powered)
1881 - -27] Natal: British troops under Major General Colley occupy Majuba Hill
1881 - SS Ceylon begins 1st round-the-world cruise from Liverpool
1884 - British & Portuguese treaty signed in Congo by Leopold II
1885 - Congress of Berlin; gives Congo to Belgium & Nigeria to Great Britain
1887 - George Lohmann took 1st 8-wkt haul in Test Crickets, 8-35 at SCG
1891 - 1st buffalo purchased for Golden Gate Park
1891 - Henrik Ibsens "Hedda Gabler," premieres in Oslo
1893 - 2 Clydesdale horses set record by pulling 48 tons on a sledge, Mich
1893 - Einar Halvorsen skates world record 500m (48 sec)
1895 - Michael Owens of Toledo, Ohio patents a glass-blowing machine
1901 - British general Kitchener confers with Boer general Louis Botha about peace conditions, which break down over the question of amnesty for some Boers
1907 - Royal Oil & Shell merge to form British Petroleum (BP)
1907 - US Congress raised their own salaries to $7,500
1912 - Coal miners strike in Britain (settle on 1st March)
1914 - New York Museum of Science & Industry incorporated
1914 - HMHS Britannic, sister to the Titanic, is launched at Harland & Wolff, Belfast.
1915 - Malancourt, Argonnen (1st (German) flame-thrower
1916 - Germans sink French transport ship Provence II, killing 930
Comedian/Actor/Filmaker Charlie ChaplinComedian/Actor/Filmaker Charlie Chaplin 1916 - Mutual signs Charlie Chaplin to a film contract
1916 - Russian troops conquer Kermansjah Persia
1917 - 1st jazz records recorded - "Dixie Jazz Band One Step," and "Livery Stable Blues" by Original Dixieland Jass Band for the Victor Talking Machine Company
1917 - 1st Annual fair at Utrecht Harbor (Netherlands)
1918 - Stands at Hong Kong Jockey Club collapse & burn, killing 604
1919 - Acadia National Park forms (as Lafayette N P), Maine
1919 - Congress forms Grand Canyon National Park in Arizona
1923 - Italian nationalist & fascists merge (blue-shirts & black-shirts)
1924 - Trial against Hitler in Munich begins
1925 - Jihad against Turkish government
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf HitlerDictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler 1926 - Dark Street in the Bronx renamed Lustre Street
1929 - US Pres Calvin Coolidge establishes Grand Teton National Park
1930 - "Green Pastures" opens at Mansfield Theater
1930 - 1st red & green traffic lights installed (Manhattan NYC)
1930 - West Indies make 1st Test Cricket win, by 289 runs over England
1933 - Golden Gate Bridge ground-breaking ceremony held at Crissy Field
1933 - Marinus van der Lubbe kept overnight in a police cell
1935 - German Luftwaffe is re-formed under Reichsmarshall Hermann Goering
1935 - NY Yankees release Babe Ruth, he signs with Boston Braves
Baseball Great Babe RuthBaseball Great Babe Ruth 1935 - RADAR-Radio Detection & Ranging 1st demonstrated (Robert Watson-Watt)
1936 - Hitler introduces Ferdinand Porsche's "Volkswagen"
1936 - Military coup in Japan
1937 - C Isherwood/WH Auden's "Ascent of F6," premieres in London
1938 - 1st passenger ship equipped with radar
1938 - Rie Van Veen swims world record 200m free style (2:24.6)
1938 - US female Figure Skating championship won by Joan Tozzer
1938 - US male Figure Skating championship won by Robin Lee
1940 - US Air Defense Command forms at Mitchel Field, LI, NY
1941 - 2 fighters unable to continued slugfest, referee declares double KO
1941 - Cowboys' Amateur Association of America organized (California)
1941 - Utrecht & Zaandam strike against raid on Jews
1941 - Vichy-France makes religious education in school mandatory
1942 - German battle cruiser Gneisenau deactivated by bomb
1942 - Radio Orange calls for March 1 day of prayer in Dutch Indies
1942 - WW II Navy flier Don Mason sends message "Sighted sub sank same"
1942 - Werner Heisenberger informs nazis about uranium project "Wunderwaffen"
1943 - German assault moves to Beja North Tunisia
1944 - 1st female US navy captain, Sue Dauser of nurse corps, appointed
1945 - Very heavy bombing on Berlin by 8th US Air Force
1946 - 2 killed & 10 wounded in race riot in Columbia Tenn
1949 - USAF plane began 1st nonstop around-the-world flight
1950 - Leonard Bernstein's "Age of Anxiety," premieres in NYC
1951 - Bread rationing in Czechoslovakia
1952 - Neth-Indonesian Unity conference
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston ChurchillSoldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill 1952 - PM Winston Churchill announces Britain has its own atomic bomb
1953 - Allen W Dulles, promoted from deputy to 5th director of CIA
1954 - 1st typesetting machine (photo engraving) used, Quincy Mass
1954 - Michigan rep Ruth Thompson (R) introduces legislation to ban mailing "obscene, lewd, lascivious or filthy" phonograph (rock & roll) records
1955 - "Peter Pan" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 149 performances
1955 - 1st aviator to bail out at supersonic speed-GF Smith
1956 - Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Sarasota Golf Open
1956 - Writers and poets Sylvia Plath & Ted Hughes meet at a party in Cambridge
First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Nikita KhrushchevFirst Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Nikita Khrushchev 1960 - Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev voices support for Indonesia
1960 - USA's David Jenkins wins Olympic Gold for men's figure skating
1960 - Verne Gagne beats Doctor X in Omaha, to become NWA wrestling champ
1962 - Arthur Kopit's "Oh, Dad, Poor Dad . . .," premieres in NYC
1962 - US Supreme court disallows race separation on public transportation

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 241

1361 - Wenceslas of Bohemia, Holy Roman Catholic German emperor (1378-1400)
1587 - Stefano Landi, Italian composer (d. 1639)
1588 - Nicolaus Erich, composer
1671 - Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 3rd Earl of Shaftesbury, English politician and philosopher (d. 1713)
1672 - Antoine Augustine Calmet, French theologian (d. 1757)
1675 - Johann Philipp Treiber, composer
1677 - Nicola Fago, composer
1714 - James Hervey, English clergyman and writer (d. 1758)
1717 - John Randall, composer
1720 - Gian Francesco Albani, Italian Catholic cardinal (d. 1803)
1746 - Archduchess Marie Amalie of Austria, duchess of Piacenza (d. 1806)
1770 - Antoine Reicha, composer
1772 - Caspar Furstenau, composer
1799 - Émile Clapeyron, French engineer and physicist (d. 1864)
Author Victor HugoAuthor Victor Hugo (1802) 1802 - Victor Hugo, France, author (Hunchback of Notre Dame, Les Miserables)
1808 - Honoré Daumier, French painter, illustrator, and sculptor (d. 1879)
1808 - Nathan Kelley, American architect, active mainly in Ohio, (d.1871)
1814 - Charles Joseph Sainte-Claire Deville, French geologist (d. 1876)
1824 - Carlos Calvo, Argentine diplomat/people rights scholar (Calvo Clause)
1825 - Hans Balatka, composer
1829 - Levi Strauss, German-born clothing designer (d. 1902)
1831 - Filippo Marchetti, composer
Fashion Designer Levi StraussFashion Designer Levi Strauss (1829) 1832 - John George Nicolay, US, author (Abe Lincoln's biographer)
1834 - Aleksander Zarzycki, composer
1835 - Richard Andree, German geography/etnologist (Andree's Handatlas)
1837 - Charles Woeste, Belgian count/min of Justice
1838 - Wendelin Weissheimer, composer
1841 - Evelyn Baring earl Cromer, English consul-general (Egypt)
1842 - Camille Flammarion, Mars researcher & popularizer of astronomy
1845 - Aleksander Rozycki, composer
1845 - Alexander III, St Petersburg, Russian tsar (1881-94) (3/10 NS)
1846 - William F "Buffalo Bill" Cody, Davenport Iowa, killed 4000 buffaloes
1852 - John Harvey Kellogg, surgeon, inspired flaked cereal industry
1857 - Emile Coué, French pharmacist (recovery by auto suggestion)
1858 - Vladimir Serbsky, Russian psychiatrist (d. 1917)
1861 - Ferdinand I, Vienna, 1st tsar of modern Bulgaria (1908-18)
1866 - Herbert Henry Dow, pioneer in US chemical industry (Dow Chemical)
1867 - Siegfried Passarge, German geographer (Cameroon/So Afr/America)
1868 - Leonard Borwick, British(?) pianist
1869 - Nadezjda K Krupskaja, Russian revolutionary/wife of Lenin
1873 - Ewoud van Everdingen, Dutch meteorologist
1874 - Carl Vogler, composer
1875 - Emma Dunn, actress (Dr Monica, Dr Kildare's Strange Case, Hideaway)
1875 - Richard Wetz, composer
1876 - Agustin P Justo y Rolon, pres Argentina (1931-38)
1876 - Pauline Musters, smallest man (1'11.2" (58.9 cm))
1877 - Carel S Adama van Scheltema, Dutch poet/writer (socialism)
1877 - Russell Alexander, composer
1879 - Frank Bridge, English violinist/composer/conductor/tutor of B Britten
1882 - Walter Lucht, German artillery general (WW I/WW II)
1882 - Husband E. Kimmel, American admiral (d. 1968)
1883 - Erich R Jaensch, German psychologist (eidetism)
1884 - Christina A A [Dina] Koudijs-van Appeldoorn, pianist/composer
1884 - Dina Appeldoorn, composer
1884 - Hildo Krop, Dutch modernistic sculptor
1885 - Lili Green, [Alice Sally Mary], Neth/Eng dancer
1885 - Aleksandras Stulginskis, President of Lithuania (d. 1969)
1887 - Benegal Narsing Rau, India, pres of UN Security Council (1950)
1887 - Grover Cleveland Alexander, HOF baseball pitcher (Phillies, Cubs)
1887 - Stefan Grabinski, Polish writer (d. 1936)
1891 - Alan Bridge, PA, actor (North of Arizona, Badmen of the Hills)
1893 - Ivor A "I A" Richards, English poet/critic (Meaning of Meaning) [NS]
1893 - William Frawley, Burlington, Iowa, American actor (I Love Lucy, Bub-My 3 Sons)
1896 - Andrei A Zjdanov, Russian politician (against kosmopolitism)
1896 - Eduard Flipse, Dutch conductor/composer
1898 - Julien de Valckenaere, Flemish writer
1899 - Max Petitpierre, member of the Swiss Federal Council (d. 1994)
1900 - Jean Negulesco, Craiova Romania, director (Johnny Belinda, Jessica)
1902 - Rudolf Moralt, German conductor (Vienna Philharmonic)
1902 - Vercors, [Jean Bruller], French writer (Le Silence de la Mer)
1903 - Giulio Natta, Italian chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1979)
1906 - Madeleine Carroll, England, actress (39 Steps, Secret Agent)
1906 - Nikos Ghika, artist
1907 - Dub Taylor, American actor (d. 1994)
1908 - Tex Avery, American cartoonist (d. 1980)
1908 - Leela Majumdar, Bengali writer (d. 2007)
1908 - Jean-Pierre Wimille, French race car driver (d. 1949)
1909 - Phyllis Fanny Primrose-Pechey Cradock, TV Chef
1909 - King Talal of Jordan (d. 1972)
1911 - Josef Smrkovsky, Czechoslovakia MP chairman
1911 - Tarō Okamoto, Japanese avant-garde artist (d. 1996)
1913 - George G Barker, English poet (Calamiterror, Anno Domini)
1913 - Hermann Lenz, writer
1914 - Robert Alda, NYC, actor (Dan Lewis-Supertrain, By Popular Demand)
1914 - Witold Rowicki, composer
1915 - Elisabeth Eybers, South Afr/Dutch poetess (That Woman & Other Verses)
1915 - Pran Nath Chhuttani, physician/teacher
1916 - Mordecai Seter, composer
1916 - Ross Gregory, cricketer (Australian batsman 1936-37, died in WW II)
1917 - Robert Taft Jr, (Sen-R-Oh)
1918 - Edwin Charles "Preacher" Roe, baseball pitcher (Bkln Dodgers)
1918 - Otis R Bowen, US Sec of Health & Human Services (1985-89)
1918 - Theodore [Hamilton] Sturgeon, US, sci-fi author (Hugo, It, Caviar)
1919 - Beppie Nooij, actress/director (Bluejackets-Rooie Sien)
1919 - Luc-Andre Marcel, composer
1919 - Mason Adams, NYC, actor (Charlie Hume-Lou Grant, Deadliest Season)
1920 - A W [Rie] Kuiper-Mastenbroek, Neth, swimmer (Olympics-3 gold-1936)
1920 - Antony Kearey, TV producer
1920 - Tony Randall, [Leonard Rosenberg], Tulsa Ok, actor (Felix-Odd Couple)
1920 - Danny Gardella, American baseball player (d. 2005)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 7 of 7

Astronomer Edwin HubbleAstronomer Edwin Hubble (1924) 1924 - Astronomer Edwin Hubble (34) weds Grace Burke in Pasadena, California
1934 - Theoretical physicist Edward Teller (25) weds Augusta Maria Harkanyi
1984 - Pak Awang (84) marries 80th spouse
1994 - Actor Dolph Lundgren (34) weds Anette Qviberg in Stockholm
2004 - Comedian Rosie O'Donnell (41) weds marketing executive Kelli O'Donnell (36) in San Francisco, California
2009 - Supermodel Gisele Bundchen (32) weds NFL New England Patriots quarterback Tom Brady (35) at St. Monica Catholic Church in Santa Monica
2011 - Musician Cisco Adler (32) weds model Barbara Stoyanoff (30) at Wayfarers Chapel in Palos Verdes

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 1 of 1

Actor Max Von SydowActor Max Von Sydow (1979) 1979 - Actor Max Von Sydow (49) divorces actress Christina Olin after 28 years of marriage

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 118

1076 - Godfried III, with the Hump, duke of Neth-Lutherian, murdered
1154 - Rogier II Guiscard, King of Sicily (1101-54), dies at 60
1200 - Symeon, former Serbian ruler and saint
1266 - Manfred, bastard son of Emperor Frederik II/king of Sicily, dies at the Battle of Benevento
1324 - Dino Compagni, Italian silk seller/poet/chronicler, dies
1360 - Roger Mortimer, 2nd Earl of March, English military leader (b. 1328)
1538 - Worp van Thabor, Frisian abbott of Thabor (Chronicon Frisiae), dies
1552 - Heinrich Faber, German composer
1561 - Jorge de Montemayor, Spanish writer
1577 - Erik XIV Wasa, King of Sweden (1560-69), dies at 43
1608 - John Still, English bishop
1630 - William Brade, composer, dies
1686 - Godefroi L Comte d'Estrades, French diplomat/marshal, dies at about 78
1723 - Thomas d'Urfey, English writer (b. 1653)
1726 - Maximilian II M Emanuel, elect of Bavaria/governor of Netherlands, dies
1766 - August Bernhard Valentin Herbing, composer, dies at 30
1770 - Francois Hanot, composer, dies at 72
1770 - Giuseppe Tartini, Italian composer/violinist, dies at 77
1802 - Esek Hopkins, American Revolutionary War admiral (b. 1718)
1810 - Johann Ernst Rembt, composer, dies at 60
American Founding Father Robert R. LivingstonAmerican Founding Father Robert R. Livingston (1813) 1813 - Robert R. Livingston, US diplomat (Decl of Independence), dies at 66
1815 - Prince Josias of Coburg, Austrian general (b. 1737)
1821 - Joseph de Maistre, Savoyard diplomat and writer (b. 1753)
1823 - John P Kemble, English actor/director (Covent Garden), dies at 66
1827 - David Moritz Michael, composer, dies at 75
1857 - Ole Andreas Lindeman, composer, dies at 88
1859 - Ferdinand Lukas Schubert, composer, dies at 64
1864 - Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine, French Canadian politician (b. 1807)
1870 - Wyatt Outlaw, black leader of Union League in NC, lynched
1871 - Charles Niellon, Belgian brigade general, dies at 76
1883 - Alexandros Koumoundouros, Greek politician, Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1817)
1889 - Karl Davydov, Russian cellist (b. 1838)
1901 - Chi-hsui, during Boxer Rebellion in China, beheaded
1901 - Hsu Cheng-yu, during Boxer Rebellion in China, beheaded
1903 - Richard J Gatling, US inventor (Gatling Gun), dies at 84
1906 - Manuel Fernandez Caballero, composer, dies at 70
1913 - Felix Draeseke, composer, dies at 77
1920 - Ludwig Rubiner, writer, dies at 38
1921 - Carl Menger, Austrian economist, dies at 81
1926 - Frederik Pijper, Dut vicar/church historian (Monasteries), dies at 67
1926 - Peter Erasmus Lange-Muller, composer, dies at 75
1930 - Raffaele Merry del Val, Spanish Cardinal, dies at 64
1931 - Otto Wallach, German chemist (Nobel 1910), dies at 83
1933 - Antonio Nicolau, Spanish composer/conductor, dies at 74
1933 - Princess Thyra, daughter of Christian IX of Denmark (b. 1853)
1941 - Jan Keizer, Zaanse February striker, shot to death
1943 - Theodor Eicke, Nazi official (b. 1892)
1947 - Ben Webster, actor (Old Curiosity Shop), dies at 82
1947 - Heinrich Häberlin, Swiss politician, member of the Federal Council (b. 1868)
1950 - Harry Lauder (Maclennan), Scottish comic/singer, dies at about 75
1953 - Elisabeth "Ilse" Kuyper, Dutch/US (opera)composer, dies
1954 - William R Inge, English theologist/philosopher, dies at 93
1956 - Herman Courtens, Belgian baron/painter, dies at 72
1960 - Aleksandar Belic, Swedish linguist, dies at 83
1961 - Karl Albiker, German sculptor (Problem of the Plastic), dies at 83
1961 - Mohammed V, ibn Yusuf, sultan/King of Morocco, dies at 51
1962 - Carl Emil Theodor Ehrenberg, composer, dies at 83
1963 - Artturi A Leinonen, Fin journalist/politician (Prophet), dies at 74
1965 - Jimmie Lee Jackson, civil rights activist, dies of injuries
1966 - Minerva Urecal, actress (Peter Gunn, Adv of Tugboat Annie), dies at 71
1966 - Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, Indian freedom fighter and writer (b. 1883)
1967 - Harry McNaughton, comedian (It Pays to be Ignorant), dies at 70
1968 - Eric Feldary, actor (16 Fathoms Deep), dies of burns at 55
1969 - Karl Jaspers, German psychiatrist/philosopher, dies at 86
1969 - Levi Eshkol, [Sjkolnik], premier (Israel), dies at 73
1970 - Ethel Leginska, composer, dies at 83
1971 - Edward van der Merwe, cricket keeper (S Afr in 2 Tests in 30's), dies
1971 - Fernandel, [Contandin], French actor (Death of Champion), dies at 67
1971 - Joseph Berg, composer, dies at 43
1971 - Joseph Desire Fernandel, comedian, dies of cancer at 67
1971 - Tullio Carminati, actor (Roman Holiday, Moulin Rouge), dies at 76
1972 - Tom Manders, Dutch cabaret artist (Dorus), dies at 50
1973 - Mary Finney, actress (Honestly Celeste), dies at 68
1977 - Bukka White, rocker, dies at 43
1977 - Maxime Jacob, composer, dies at 71
1981 - FC Terborgh, [Reijnier Flaes], lawyer/writer (Turkish War), dies at 79
1981 - Howard Hanson, US composer/conductor (Nordic), dies at 84
1981 - Munabi, assistant to Uganda president Obote, murdered
1981 - Robert Aickman, English writer and conservationist (b. 1914)
1982 - Gabor Szabo, Hungarian jazz pianist (Perfect Circle), dies at 45
1989 - Roy Eldridge, American jazz trumpet player, dies at 78
1990 - Cornell Gunther, US musician (Coasters, Poison Ivy), dies at 53
1990 - Leslie Ames, cricketer (47 Tests, 2434 runs 8 centuries), dies
1990 - Maurine Stuart, Zen teacher (head of Cambridge Buddhist Association), dies
1990 - Scott Jarvis, musician (Great Expectationa), dies
1991 - Slim Gaillard [Bulee], American Jazz singer/songwriter, dies at 75
1992 - Gerrit Schulte, "Crazy Cyclist", Dutch 6-days bicyclist, dies at 76
1992 - Jean R Yawkey, owner (Boston Red Sox), dies of a stroke at 83
1992 - S I Hayakawa, (Sen-R-California), dies of a stroke at 85
1993 - Constance Ford, US actress (Another World, Burden Hunt), dies at 64
1993 - Fletcher Knebel, author (7 Days in May), commits suicide at 81
1993 - Mark Kolthoff, Dutch painter/photographer, dies at 92
1994 - Avery Fisher, US audio manufacturer (1st hi-fi), dies at 87
1994 - Leopold "Hans" Kohr, Austrian social philosopher, dies at 84
1994 - William Melvin "Bill" Hicks, American stand-up comedian and social critic, dies of pancreatic cancer at 32
1996 - Audrey Angers, charity pioneer
1996 - Daniel John Chapman Cunningham, physiologist, dies at 76
1997 - David Doyle, actor (Charlie's Angels), dies at 67
1997 - Giuseppe 'Nuccio' Bertone, car Designer, dies at 82
1998 - J T Walsh, actor (Good Morning Vietnam), dies at 54

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