This Day in History for 27th February

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 202

837 - 15th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet
1526 - Saxony & Hesse form League of Gotha (league of Protestant princes)
1531 - Evangelical German monarchy/towns form Schmalkaldische Union
1557 - 1st Russian Embassy arrives in London
1563 - William Byrd is appointed organist at Lincoln Cathedral
1594 - Henri IV crowned king of France
1626 - Yuan Chonghuan is appointed Governor of Liaodong, after he led the Chinese into a great victory against the Manchurians under Nurhaci.
1665 - Battle at Elmina, Gold Coast: Vice-adm De Ruyter beats English
1667 - Abraham Crijnssen conquerors Fort Willoughby (Zeelandia), Suriname
1670 - Jews expelled from Austria by order of Leopold I
1678 - Earl of Shaftesbury freed out of London Tower
1696 - English/Welsh nobles lay down Oath of Association
1700 - Pacific Island of New Britain discovered
1713 - French troops bomb Willemstad Curacao
1801 - Washington DC placed under Congressional jurisdiction
1803 - Great fire in Bombay, India
1813 - 1st federal vaccination legislation enacted
1813 - Congress authorizes use of steamboats to transport mail
1814 - Ludwig von Beethovens 8th Symphony in F, premieres
1816 - Dutch regain Suriname
1827 - 1st Mardi Gras celebration in New Orleans
1844 - Dominican Republic gains independence from Haiti (National Day)
1854 - Composer Robert Schumann saved from suicide attempt in Rhine
US President Abraham LincolnUS President Abraham Lincoln 1860 - Abraham Lincoln makes a speech at Cooper Union in the city of New York that is largely responsible for his election to the Presidency.
1861 - Russians shoot at Poles protesting Russian rule of Poland in Castle Square, Warsaw
1861 - US Congress authorizes 1st stamped newspaper wrappers for mailing
1864 - 6th & last day of battle at Dalton, Georgia (about 600 casualties)
1864 - Near Andersonville GA, rebels open a new POW camp "Camp Sumpter"
1865 - Civil War skirmish near Sturgeon, Missouri
1869 - John Menard is 1st black to make a speech in Congress
1871 - Meeting of Alabama claims commission
1872 - Charlotte Ray, 1st Black woman lawyer, graduated Howard University
1873 - Dutch socialist Samuel van Wooden demands law against child labor
1874 - Baseball 1st played in England, at Lord's Cricket Grounds
1877 - US Electoral College declares R Hayes winner presidential election
1879 - Constantine Fahlberg discovers saccharin (artificial sweetener)
1881 - Battle at Amajuba, S Afr: Boers vs Brit army under Gen Colley
1883 - Oscar Hammerstein patents 1st cigar-rolling machine
1890 - D Needham & P Kerrigan box 100 rounds (6 h 39 m), SF; match is draw
1900 - Battle at Pietershoogte during the Boer War
1900 - Boer General Cronjé surrenders to English in Pardenberg, South-Africa
1900 - In London, the Trade Union Congress and the Independent Labour Party (formed in 1893) meet, resulting in a Labour Representative Committee and eventually the modern Labour Party in 1906
1901 - NL Rules Committee decrees that all fouls are to count as strikes except after two strikes
1901 - A General Committee of National Liberal Federation meets and adopts a resolution deploring the continuation of the war in South Africa and condemning the British Government's insistence on unconditional surrender by the Boers
1906 - France & Britain agree to joint control of New Hebrides
Father of Psychology Sigmund FreudFather of Psychology Sigmund Freud 1907 - Psychiatrists Carl Gustav Jung and Sigmund Freud meet for the first time in Vienna
1908 - Sacrifice fly adopted (repealed in 1931, reinstated 1954)
1908 - Star #46 was added to US flag for Oklahoma
1912 - Lord Kitchener opens Khartoum-El Obeid (Nyala) railway
1919 - 1st public performance of Holst's "Planets"
1919 - American Association for Hard of Hearing forms (NYC)
1921 - US female Figure Skating championship won by Theresa Weld Blanchard
1921 - US male Figure Skating championship won by Sherwin Badger
1921 - The International Working Union of Socialist Parties is founded in Vienna.
31st US President Herbert Hoover31st US President Herbert Hoover 1922 - Commerce Sec Herbert Hoover convenes 1st National Radio Conference
1922 - G B Shaw's "Back to Methusaleh I/II," premieres in NYC
1922 - Supreme Court unanimously upheld 19th amend woman's right to vote
1924 - Belgium's Theunis government falls
1925 - Hitler's resurrects NSDAP political party in Munich
1925 - Test Cricket debut of Clarrie Grimmett, who took 5-45 & 6-37 v England
1927 - For 2nd Sunday in a row golfers in SC arrested for violating Sabbath
1929 - Turkey signs Litvinov-pact
1930 - Bouvet Island declared a Norwegian dependency
1932 - Explosion in coal mine Boissevain, Virginia, USA (38 dead)
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf HitlerDictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler 1933 - German parliament building, Reichstag, destroyed by fire
1933 - Jean Genet's "Intermezzo," premieres in Paris
1933 - Nazis set fire to German parliament, blame it on Communists
1935 - 7th Academy Awards - "It Happened One Night," Clark Gable & Claudette Colbert wins
1936 - Willy den Ouden swims world record 100 m free style (1:04.6)
1937 - Bradman scores 169 in 5th Test Cricket v England in 223 minutes
1938 - Britain & France recognize Franco government in Spain
1939 - Belgian government of Pierlot falls
1939 - English Spook house Borley Rectory destroyed in a fire
Spanish Dictator and General Francisco FrancoSpanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco 1939 - France recognizes Franco's regime in Spain
1939 - Supreme Court outlaws sit-down strikes
1940 - Martin Kamen and Sam Ruben discover carbon-14
1941 - 13th Academy Awards - "Rebecca," James Stewart & Ginger Rogers win
1942 - 1st transport of French Jews to nazi-Germany
1942 - Battle of Java Sea began 13 US warships sunk-2 Japanese
1942 - J S Hey discovers radio emissions from Sun
1943 - The Smith Mine #3 in Bearcreek, Montana, explodes, killing 74 men.
1943 - The Rosenstrasse protest starts in Berlin
1945 - Battle of US 94 Infantry
1946 - 4th "Road" film, "Road to Utopia" premieres (NYC)
1947 - Paul-Emile Victor French polar expeditions organized
Actress and Dancer Ginger RogersActress and Dancer Ginger Rogers 1949 - Chaim Weizmann becomes 1st Israeli president
1950 - General Chiang Kai-shek elected president of Nationalist China
1951 - 22nd amendment ratified, limiting US Presidents to 2 terms
1955 - Betty Jameson wins LPGA Sarasota Golf Open
1956 - Female suffrage in Egypt
1957 - Mao's famous speech to the Supreme State Conference "On Correct Handling of Contradictions Among People" expounding Maoist ideals
1957 - Premiere of only prime-time network TV show beginning with an "X": "Xavier Cugat Show" on NBC (until X-Files)
1958 - USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
1959 - Chicago Cards trade running back Ollie Matson to LA Rams for 9 players
NBA Point Guard Bob CousyNBA Point Guard Bob Cousy 1959 - Boston Celtic Bob Cousy sets NBA record with 28 assists Boston Celtics score 173 points against Minneapolis Lakers
1960 - Oil pipe line from Rotterdam to Ruhrgebied opens
1960 - US Olympic Ice Hockey Team beats USSR 3-2 en route to gold medal
1961 - The first congress of the Spanish Trade Union Organisation is inaugurated.
1962 - South-Vietnam pres Ngo Dinh Diem's palace bombed, 1st US killed
1963 - Mickey Mantle of NY Yankees sign a baseball contract worth $100,000

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 263

272 - Constantine I, Naissus, Roman emperor (306-337) (adopted Christianity)
1539 - Franciscus Raphelengius, Dutch book publisher
1622 - Rembrandt Carel Fabritius, Dutch painter
1649 - Johann Philipp Krieger, composer
1691 - Edward Cave, English editor and publisher (d. 1754)
1702 - Johann Valentin Gorner, composer
1711 - Constantine Mavrocordatos, Prince of Wallachia and Prince of Moldavia (d. 1769)
Roman Emperor Constantine the GreatRoman Emperor Constantine the Great (272) 1745 - Silverius Muller, composer
1746 - Gian Francesco Fortunati, composer
1759 - Johann Carl Friedrich Rellstab, composer
1779 - Thomas Hazlehurst, English soap and alkali manufacturer (d. 1842)
1784 - Elias Annes Borger, Dutch theologist/poet (To the Rhine)
1784 - Job Plimpton, composer
1792 - Don Joaquin B F Espartero, Spanish adventurer/fieldmarshal
1802 - William George Frederick Cavendish Bentinck, Lord George Bentinck
1807 - Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Portland Maine, poet (Hiawatha)
1822 - Eugene Gautier, composer
1823 - Ferdinand Van Derveer, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1892
1823 - William Buel Franklin, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1903
1827 - Richard W Johnson, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1897
1831 - Hiram Bond Everest, American cofounder of The Vacuum Oil Company (d. 1913)
1832 - Alfred Pollard Edward, Civil War journalist, died in 1872
1835 - Charles Cartuyvels, Belgian pulprit orator
1835 - Richard Garnett, English author (Ananda the Miracle Worker)
1841 - [Eleanor] Agnes Lee, daughter of US general Robert E. Lee
1846 - Joaquin Valverde, composer
1847 - Ellen Alice Terry, Coventry Engl, actress/director (Imperial Theatre)
1848 - Charles Hubert H Parry, England, musicologist/composer (Jerusalem)
1850 - Henry Edwards Huntington, US, railroad exec
1861 - Rudolph Steiner, Kraljevic Aust, founder (doctrine of anthroposophy)
1862 - Anastasios Metaxas, Greek architect and shooter (d. 1937)
1867 - Irving Fisher, US economist (compensating dollar)
1867 - Wilhelm Peterson-Berger, composer
1869 - Alice Hamilton, physician/writer (workmen's compensation laws)
1870 - Louis Coerne, composer
1877 - Walter Briggs, Sr., American entrepreneur and sports team owner (d. 1952)
1878 - Alvan T. Fuller, 50th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1958)
1879 - Jose Sancho Marraco, composer
1881 - Luitzen [Bertus] Brouwers, Dutch mathematician
1881 - Sveinn Bjornsson, 1st president of Iceland (1944-52)/poet (Figur ild)
1886 - Hugo L Black, Ala, (Sen-D-Ala)/78th Supreme Court justice (1937-71)
1887 - James D Innes, English painter
1888 - Lotte Lehmann, Perleberg Germany, soprano (Fidello)
1888 - Roberto Assagioli, Italian psychiatrist (d. 1974)
1888 - Earl Caddock, American professional wrestler (d. 1950)
1890 - Freddie Keppard, American jazz musician (d. 1933)
1891 - David Sarnoff, US, radio/TV pioneer/CEO (RCA)
1891 - Georges E Migot, French composer
1891 - Anne Samson, oldest-ever nun documented (d. 2004)
1892 - William Demarest, St Paul Minn, actor (Uncle Charlie-My 3 Sons)
1893 - Joseph Messner, composer
1893 - Ralph Linton, US cultural anthropologist (Tree of Culture)
1894 - Robert-Lucien Siohan, composer
1895 - Edward Brophy, actor (Champ, Dumbo, Great Guy, Cameraman, Doughboys)
1897 - Bernard F Lyot, French astronomer (Lyot filter)
1897 - G Paul H Schuitema, graphic designer/photographer (System-O-Color)
1897 - Marian Anderson, American contralto (d. 1993)
1898 - Allison Danzig, sports writer (Tennis Pictorial History)
1898 - Rutkowski Bronislaw, composer
1899 - Charles Herbert Best, Washington County, Maine, American-Canadian physiologist/co-discoverer (Insulin)
1899 - Ian Keith, Boston MA, actor (Rochefort-3 Musketeers)
1899 - Sulo Nikolai Salonen, composer
1901 - Marino Marini, Italian sculptor/painter
1902 - Ethelda Bleibtrey, 100m/300m US swimmer (Olympics-3 gold-1920)
1902 - Gene Sarazen, Harrison NY, PGA golfer (Masters 1935, US Open 1922, 32)
Author John SteinbeckAuthor John Steinbeck (1902) 1902 - John Steinbeck, Salinas California, author (Grapes of Wrath-Nobel 1962)
1903 - Reginald Gardiner, Wimbledon England, actor (Great Dictator)
1903 - Grethe Weiser, German actress (d. 1970)
1904 - James Thomas Farrell, US, author (Studs Lonigan trilogy)
1904 - Renaat Verheijen, Flemish actor/director (Innocent Heart)
1904 - Yulii Borisovich Khariton, Russian physicist (d. 1996)
1904 - André Leducq, French cyclist (d. 1980)
1904 - Chick Fullis, American baseball player (d. 1946)
1905 - Charles de Keukeleire, Belgian director (Evil Eye)
1905 - Franchot Tone, Niagara Falls NY, actor (Dr Freeland-Ben Casey)
1906 - Alexander Matheson, NZ cricket pace bowler (2 Tests 1930-31)
1906 - H Algernon F "Algy" Rumbold, English diplomat (South Africa/Tibet)
1907 - Gerhard Alexander, [Veldheer], Dutch actor (Prince Willem of Orange)
1907 - Mildred Bailey, American singer (d. 1951)
1909 - Elisabeth Welch, singer (Song of Freedom, Over the Moon)
1910 - Joan Bennett, Palasades NJ, actress (Little Women, Disraeli)
1910 - Peter De Vries, Chicago, author (Reuben Reuben, Prick of Noon)
1910 - Ted Horn, American race car driver (d. 1948)
1910 - Clarence "Kelly" Johnson, American aircraft engineer (Lockheed Skunk Works; d. 1990)
1912 - Kusumagraj, Indian writer (d. 1999)
1913 - Frank Allaun, British MP (L)
1913 - Irwin Shaw, US, novelist (Rich Man Poor Man)
1913 - Kazimierz Sabbat, Polish president (d. 1989)
1915 - Arthur Gilson, Belgian attorney/minister of Defense (1958-..)
1917 - John Connally, (Gov-D/R-Texas), shot in Kennedy motorcade
1919 - Roman Haubenstock-Ramati, composer
1920 - David Vere Bendall, former diplomat
1920 - Jose Melis, Havana Cuba, orchestra leader (Jack Paar Program)
1920 - Reg Simpson, cricketer (prolific England opener 1948-55), (d. 2013)
1921 - Andras Szollosy, composer
1921 - Michael Fox, US, actor (Quincy, Dallas, Bold & the Beautiful)
1922 - Mervyn Jones, author (Nobody's Fault, 5 Hungarian Writers)
1922 - Hans Rookmaaker, Dutch professor and art historian (d. 1977)
1923 - Dexter Gordon, US, tenor saxophonist/actor (Connection)
1923 - Viktor Kalabis, composer

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 3 of 3

Civil Rights Activist W.E.B. Du BoisCivil Rights Activist W.E.B. Du Bois (1951) 1951 - Activist W.E.B. Du Bois (83) weds award-winning author Shirley Graham (54) in Queens, New York
2004 - Singer-actress Solange Knowles (18) weds Texas Southern University football player Daniel Smith at Old Bahama Bay Resort in Grand Bahama Island
2010 - "Supernatural" actress Genevieve Cortese (29) weds co-star actor Jared Padaelcki (27) in Sun Valley, Idaho

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 108

1167 - Robert of Melun, English philosopher/bishop of Hereford, dies
1656 - Johan van Heemskerk, Dutch lawyer/writer/interpreter, dies
1659 - Henry Dunster, first President of Harvard College (b. 1609)
1699 - Charles Paulet, 1st Duke of Bolton, English politician (b. c. 1625)
1706 - John Evelyn, diarist, dies
1720 - Samuel Parris, English-born Puritan minister (b. 1653)
1731 - Angelo Predieri, composer, dies at 76
1733 - Johann Adam Birkenstock, composer, dies at 46
1735 - John Arbuthnot, physician/mathematician, dies
1779 - Jan Nepveu, Dutch gov-gen of Suriname (1769-79), dies at 59
1797 - Benvenuto Robbio San Rafaele, composer, dies at 61
1805 - Stefan Paluselli, composer, dies at 57
1844 - Nicholas Biddle, US lawyer/diplomat/statesman/financier, dies at 85
1852 - Joseph Drechsler, composer, dies at 69
1862 - Gabriele dell' Addolorata, patron of Ital Catholic youth, dies at 23
1881 - George Colley, British governor of Natal/general, dies in battle at 46
1887 - Alexander Porfir'yevich Borodin, Russian composer, dies at 53
Luggage Maker Louis VuittonLuggage Maker Louis Vuitton (1892) 1892 - Louis Vuitton, French luggage maker (b. 1821)
1906 - Samuel Pierpont Langley, American astronomer and pioneer aviator, dies at 71
1913 - Adam Sedgwick, English zoologist (Peripatus), dies at 58
1920 - Alexandru D Xenopol, Romanian historian, dies at 72
1921 - Schofield Haigh, cricketer (Eng all-rounder 11 Tests 1898-1912), dies
1923 - Charles Francis Abdy Williams, composer, dies at 67
1929 - Manuel Manrique de Lara y Berry, composer, dies at 65
1932 - William Southam, Canadian newspaper publisher (b. 1843)
1936 - Ivan Pavlov, Russian physiologist (reflexes, Nobel 1904), dies at 86
1936 - Joshua W. Alexander, U.S. Secretary of Commerce under Woodrow Wilson (b. 1852)
Physiologist Ivan PavlovPhysiologist Ivan Pavlov (1936) 1939 - Nadezjda K Krupskaya, Russian revolutionary/wife of Lenin, dies at 70
1940 - Peter Behrens, German architect, dies
1941 - William D. Byron, U.S. Congressman (b. 1895)
1942 - Karel WFM Doorman, Dutch rear-admiral (Java Sea), KIA at 52
1943 - Kostis Palamas, Greek poet, twice nominated for the Nobel prize (b. 1859)
1945 - HJ Lochtman, Dutch chaplain/resistance fighter, dies in Bergen-Belsen
1947 - Mackinnon of Mackinnon, cricketer (Tests Eng v Aust 1879), dies at 89
1950 - Ivan Goll, writer, dies at 58
1951 - Henry Louis Smith, American physicist who made the first X-ray photograph, dies at 91
1952 - Theodorus Pangalos, Greek general/dictator 1926, dies at 74
1955 - Tom Howard, comedian (It Pays to be Ignorant), dies at 66
1956 - Frank Dailey, orchestra leader (Music at Meadowbrook), dies at 54
1956 - Gunther Ramin, German organist/composer/choir conductor, dies at 57
1958 - Harry Cohn, CEO (Columbia Pictures), dies of a heart attack
1960 - Adriano Olivetti, Italian engineer/manufacturer, dies at 58
1961 - Platt Adams, high jumper (Olympic-gold-1912), dies
1962 - Willie Best, actor (Charlie-My Little Margie), dies at 45
1964 - Orry-Kelly, Australian costume designer (b. 1897)
1966 - Minerva Urecal, actress (Apache Rose, Ghost Crazy), dies at 81
1968 - Johannes Tralow, writer, dies at 85
1968 - Ludvik Podest, composer, dies at 46
1968 - Frankie Lymon, American rock and roll/rhythm and blues singer (The Teenagers), dies at 25 of a heroin overdose
1969 - John Boles, actor (Stella Dallas, Curly Top), dies at 73
1969 - Marius Barbeau, French Canadian folklorist (b. 1883)
1970 - Robert Bruce Lockhart, diplomat/writer, dies
1970 - Marie Dionne, one of the French Canadian Dionne quintuplets (b. 1934)
1972 - Pat Brady, American actor and singer (b. 1914)
1973 - Lucijan Marija Skerjanc, Yugoslav composer/conductor, dies at 72
1974 - Pat Brady, Toledo Ohio, actor (Roy Rodgers Show), dies at 59
1975 - Neville Cardus, writer/cricketer, dies
1977 - Allison Hayes, actress (Attack of 50 Foot Woman), dies at 47
1977 - John Dickson Carr, American author (b. 1905)
1978 - Vadim Nikolayevich Salmanov, composer, dies at 65
1980 - George Tobias, actor (Abner Kravitz-Bewitched), dies at 78
1981 - Jacob H. Gilbert, American politician (b. 1920)
1982 - Malika A Sabirova, Russian dancer, dies at 39
1985 - David Huffman, actor (FIST, Jane Doe, Firefox, Onion Field), dies
1985 - Henry Cabot Lodge, (Sen-R)/diplomat, dies at 82
1985 - Pat J O'Malley, actor (My Favorite Martian, Maude), dies at 83
Ice Hockey Goaltender Jacques PlanteIce Hockey Goaltender Jacques Plante (1986) 1986 - Jacques Plante, Canadian ice hockey goalie, dies of stomach cancer at 57
1987 - Joan Greenwood, English actress (Gentle Sex, Bad Sister), dies at 65
1989 - Conrad Lorenz, Austria zoologist (Nobel 1973), dies
1989 - Joe Silver, actor (Rage, Rapid, Deathtrap, Shivers), dies at 66
1989 - Konrad Lorenz, Austria zoologist (Nobel 1973), dies at 85
1989 - Paul Oswald Ahnert, German astronomer (b. 1897)
1990 - Nahum Norbert Glatzer, Jewish-American scholar (b. 1903)
1991 - H J of Royen, manager Dutch (Concertgebouw Orch), dies at 52
1991 - Robert-Jan Akkerman, Dutch diplomat (to Tunis), murdered
1992 - Marinus Ruppert, Dutch trade union leader (CNV), dies at 80
1992 - S I Hayakawa, (Sen-California, 1977-83), dies at 85
1993 - Jose Duval, actor (Juan Valdez), dies at 72
1993 - Lillian Gish, US actress (Birth of a Nation), dies at 96
1994 - Harold Acton, English/Italian historian/art collector, dies at 84
1994 - Karl I Pelgrom, Dutch sculptor, dies at 66
1994 - Laurence "Bill" Craigie, jet pioneer, dies at 92
1994 - Leopold "Hans" Kohr, Austria social philosopher/economist, dies at 84
1995 - Bernard Cornfield, financier, dies at 67
1995 - Philip Sherrington, opus Dei Priest, dies at 51
1996 - Francois Chaumette, actor (They Never Slept, Christine), dies at 72
1996 - George Ian Murray, 10th Duke of Atholl, dies at 64
1996 - Pat Smythe, show jumper, dies at 67
1996 - Sylvia Williams, museum director/curator, dies at 60
1998 - J. T. Walsh, American actor (b. 1943)
Comedian and author Spike MilliganComedian and author Spike Milligan (2002) 2002 - Spike Milligan, Irish comedian (b. 1918)
2003 - John Lanchbery, English composer (b. 1923)
2003 - Fred Rogers, host of TV's "Mr. Rogers' Neighborhood" dies at age 74
2004 - Paul Sweezy, American economist and editor (b. 1910)
2004 - Yoshihiko Amino, Japanese historians (b. 1928)
2006 - Otis Chandler, American newspaper publisher (b. 1927)
2006 - Robert Lee Scott, Jr., U.S. General, Flying Tiger, and author (b. 1908)
2006 - Linda Smith, British comedian (b. 1958)
2007 - Bobby Rosengarden, American jazz drummer (b. 1924)
2007 - Bernd von Freytag-Loringhoven, German soldier (b. 1914)

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