This Day in History for 3rd February

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 172

1377 - Cardinal Robert of Geneva (anti-pope Clemens VII) starts term
1377 - Mass execution of population of Cesena, Italy
1451 - Sultan Mehmed II (the Conqueror) inherits the throne of the Ottoman Empire.
1488 - Bartholomeus Diaz discovers Mosselbaai (Angra dos Vaqueros)
1509 - The Battle of Diu, between Portugal and the Ottoman Empire takes place in Diu, India.
1576 - Henry of Navarre (future Henry IV) escapes from Paris during the St. Bartholomew's Day massacre
1591 - German monarchy forms Protestant Union of Torgau
1653 - Cardinal Mazarin returns to Paris from exile
1660 - General Moncks army reaches London
1690 - 1st paper money in America issued (colony of Mass)
1740 - Charles de Bourbon, King of Naples, invites Jews to return to Sicily
1743 - Philadelphia establishes a "pesthouse" to quarantine immigrants
1752 - Dutch States-General forbid export of windmills
1781 - Dutch West Indies island of St Eustatia taken by British
1783 - Spain recognizes US independence
1807 - A British military force, under Brig-Gen. Sir Samuel Auchmuty captures the city of Montevideo, then part of the Spanish Empire now capital of Uruguay.
1809 - Territory of Illinois organizes (including present-day Wisconsin)
1815 - World's 1st commercial cheese factory established, in Switzerland
1825 - Dutch North Sea coast floods
1830 - The sovereignty of Greece was confirmed in a London Protocol.
1834 - Wake Forest University is established.
1836 - Whig Party holds its 1st national convention (Albany NY)
1844 - Hector Berlioz' "Carnaval Romain," premieres in Paris
1855 - Wisconsin Supreme Ct declares US Fugitive Slave Law unconstitutional
1860 - Thomas Clemson takes office as 1st US superintendent of agriculture
1864 - Sherman's march through Mississippi
1865 - Hampton Roads Peace Conference, Lincoln & Stephens reach an impasse
1867 - Prince Mutsuhito, 14, becomes Emperor Meiji of Japan (1867-1912)
1869 - Booth theater at 23rd & 6th opens in NYC (Romeo & Juliet)
1870 - US state of Iowa ratifies the 15th Amendment of the United States Constitution allowing suffrage for all races & colour
1876 - Albert Spalding with $800 starts sporting goods co, manufacturing 1st official baseball, tennis ball, basketball, golf ball, & football
1882 - Circus owner PT Barnum buys his world famous elephant Jumbo
1887 - To avoid disputed natl elections, Congress creates Electoral Count Act
1892 - Russia closes down Yeshiva of Volozhin
1894 - 1st US steel sailing vessel, Dirigo, launched, Bath, Me
1895 - Wilhelm Mauseth skates world record 500 m (46.8 secs)
1900 - Rival forces fight for control of the Union Park ball grounds in Balt
1900 - Gubernatorial candidate William Goebel is assassinated in Frankfort, Kentucky.
1901 - Dutch troops under Gen Van Heutsz conquer Batu Ilië on Sumatra
1903 - Frederick Lugard occupies Kano West Africa
1908 - Supreme Court rules a union boycott violates Sherman Antitrust Act
1908 - Foundation of Panathinaikos in Athens, Greece.
1913 - 16th Amendment, federal income tax, ratified
1913 - Golden/Cawthorne's musical "Sunshine Girl," premieres in NYC
1915 - Turkish & German army reach Suez Canal
1916 - Canada's original Parliament buildings, in Ottawa, burns down
1916 - Tristan Tzar publishes Dada-manifest in Zurich Switzerland
1917 - US liner Housatonic is sunk by German submarine, on the same day that US President Wilson breaks off diplomatic relations with Germany
1918 - Twin Peaks Tunnel longest (11,920 feet) streetcar tunnel begins service
1919 - Herbert/Blossom's musical "Velvet Lady," premieres in NYC
1919 - League of Nations 1st meeting (Paris)
1919 - Socialist conference convenes (Berne Switzerland)
1923 - The Alpha Zeta chapter of Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia founded at Pennsylvania State University.
1924 - Alexei Ryko elected as Pres of People's commission (succeeds Lenin)
1927 - Uprising against regime of general Carmona in Portugal
Paleoanthropologist Davidson BlackPaleoanthropologist Davidson Black 1928 - Paleoanthropologist Davidson Black reports his findings on the ancient human fossils found at Zhoukoudian, China in the journal Nature and declares them to be a new species he names 'Sinanthropus pekinensis' (now known as 'Homo erectus')
1929 - Revolutionary Socialist Party forms in Amsterdam
1930 - William Howard Taft, resigns as chief justice for health reasons
1930 - The Communist Party of Vietnam is established.
1931 - Arkansas legislature passes motion to pray for soul of H L Mencken after he calls state "apex of moronia"
1931 - The Hawke's Bay earthquake, New Zealand's worst natural disaster, kills 258
1933 - 1st interstate legislative conference in US opens, Washington, DC
Nazi Politician Hermann GoeringNazi Politician Hermann Goering 1933 - German Minister Hermann Goering bans social-democratic newspaper Vorwarts
1933 - Marinus van der Lubbe departs to Berlin
1937 - Bradman scores 212 (in 441 minutes!) in 5th Test Cricket v England
1938 - Paul Osborn's "On Borrowed Time," premieres in NYC
1941 - Supreme Court upheld Federal Wage & Hour law, sets min wages & max hrs
1942 - 1st Japanese air raid on Java
1942 - Baseball owners agree to permit each club up to 14 night games in 1942
1943 - 4 chaplains drown after giving up their life jackets to others
1944 - World War II: United States troops capture the Marshall Islands.
Cricket Legend Donald BradmanCricket Legend Donald Bradman 1945 - Almost 1,000 Flying Fortresses drop 3,000 tons of bombs on Berlin
1945 - Walt Disney's "3 Caballeros" released
1947 - -81°F (-63°C), Snag Yukon (North American record)
1947 - 1st black reporter in Congressional press gallery (Percival Prattis)
1947 - Bradman bowled by Alec Bedser for a duck in 4th Test Cricket
1948 - Dick Button becomes 1st world figure skating champion from US
1950 - Nuclear physicist Klaus Fuchs arrested on spying charges
1951 - "Victor Borge Show," debuts on NBC TV
1951 - Dick Button wins US skating title for 6th time
1951 - Largest purse to date in horse racing, $144,323, won by Great Circle
Playwright Tennessee WilliamsPlaywright Tennessee Williams 1951 - Tennessee Williams' "Rose Tattoo," premieres in NYC
1953 - J Fred Muggs, a chimp, becomes a regular on NBC's Today Show
1954 - Jeen van den Berg wins Dutch Eleven Cities Skating race (7:32)
1956 - Autherine Lucy admitted to University of Alabama, suspended 2/7 after a riot
1956 - Toni Sailor becomes 1st Olympic skier to sweep 3 alpine events
1957 - Patty Berg wins LPGA Havana Golf Open
1958 - Royal Teens' "Short Shorts" enters Top 40 chart & peaks at #3
1959 - American Airlines Electra crashes in NY's East River, killing 65
Singer-songwriter Buddy HollySinger-songwriter Buddy Holly 1959 - "The Day the Music Died" plane crash kills musicians Buddy Holly, Richie Valens, J. P. Richardson and pilot near Clear Lake Iowa.
1961 - 6th largest snowfall in NYC history (17.4" (44.2cm))
1962 - John Uelses pole vaults record 489 cm
1962 - President Kennedy bans all trade with Cuba except for food & drugs
1963 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Sea Island Women's Golf Invitational
1964 - "Meet the Beatles" album goes Gold
1964 - Black & Puerto Rican students boycott NYC public schools
1965 - 105 USAF cadets resigned for cheating on exams
LPGA Golfer Mickey WrightLPGA Golfer Mickey Wright 1965 - Geraldine McCullough wins Widener Gold Medal for Sculpture
1965 - Orbiting Solar Observatory 2 launches into Earth orbit (552/636 km)
1965 - Braves offer Milwaukee $500,000 to terminate their lease a year earlier, the proposal is turned down

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 255

1338 - Jeanne de Bourbon, wife of Charles V of France (d. 1378)
1368 - Charles VI, King of France (1380-1422)
1525 - Giovanni Perluigi da Palestrina, composer
1648 - Louis Bouteiller, composer
1655 - Francois Fagel, Dutch fieldmarshal, baptized
1677 - Jan Santini Aichel, Czech architect (d. 1723)
1690 - Richard Rawlinson, English minister (d. 1755)
1721 - Friedrich Wilhelm von Seydlitz, Prussian general (d. 1773)
1736 - Johann Georg Albrechtsberger, Austria organist/composer
1740 - Guillaume Lasceux, composer
1747 - Samuel Osgood, American patriot (d. 1813)
1755 - Florido Tomeoni, composer
1763 - Caroline von Wolzogen, [von Lengefeld], German author
1784 - John Fane graaf van Westmorland, English (opera)composer/diplomat
1795 - Antonio José de Sucre, South American independence leader (d. 1830)
1805 - Otto T Freiherr von Manteuffel, premier Prussia
1807 - Joseph Eggleston Johnston, Gen (Confederate Army), died in 1891
1809 - Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy, Hamburg Germ, composer (Great Scherzos)
1811 - Horace Greeley, editor ("Go west, young man")
1817 - Emile Racine Gauthier Prudent, composer
1817 - Samuel Ryan Curtis, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1866
1817 - Achille Ernest Oscar Joseph Delesse, French geologist (d. 1881)
1820 - Elisha Kent Kane, US Arctic explorer (Kane Basin off NW Greenland)
Physician Elizabeth BlackwellPhysician Elizabeth Blackwell (1821) 1821 - Elizabeth Blackwell, Bristol England, 1st woman physician
1823 - Spencer F Baird, US biologist (Wood's Hole Station)
1824 - George Thomas "Tige" Anderson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
1824 - Nathan George "Shanks" Evans, Brig Gen (Confederacy), died in 1868
1824 - Ranald MacDonald, Canadian-born Scottish educator and interpreter (d. 1894)
1826 - Walter Bagehot, England, economist/sociologist
1830 - Robert Cecil, Marquess of Salisbury (C), British PM (1885-1902)
1831 - Cyrus Ballou Comstock, Bvt Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1910
1833 - Thomas T H Jorissen, Dutch historian
1842 - Sidney Clopton Lanier, US, composer/poet (Hall of Fame)
1845 - Ernest von Wildenbruch, German playwright (Sedan)
1851 - Johannes B van Heutsz, lt-gen/gov-gen Dutch East Indies
1851 - Lord Harris, cricketer (4 Tests for England MCC big-wig)
1859 - Hugo Junkers, German aircraft designer (d. 1935)
1865 - Martinus Ballings, Flemish jesuit/author (Will Power)
1868 - Damaso Ledesma, composer
1870 - Ada Negri, Italian poet/author (Il Libro di Mara)
1872 - Lou Criger, American baseball player (d. 1934)
1873 - Ernest B Allo, French theologist
1874 - Franklyn Dyall, Liverpool England, actor (Easy Virtue)
1874 - Gertrude Stein, Penn, author (Autobiography of Alice B Toklas)
1876 - William Tedmarsh, silent movie actor (d. 1937)
1878 - Joseph Gordon Coates, PM of New Zealand (1925-28)
1879 - Charles Follis, 1st black NFLer (Shelby, Ohio)
1880 - Arnoldus JH Aerts, bishop of Neth-Guinea (1920-42)
1882 - Trijntje Jansma-Boskma; oldest person in the Netherlands
1883 - Camille Bombois, French circus wrestler/painter
1883 - Clarence Mulford, Ill, western writer (Hopalong Cassidy)
1886 - Erwin Kroll, composer
1887 - Carlo Jachino, composer
1887 - Georg Trakl, Austrian poet (Autumn of the Lonely)
1887 - Silvio d'Amico, Italian theater critic (Tramonto del grande attore)
1887 - Juan Negrín, Spanish Prime Minister (d. 1956)
1888 - Joris Baers, Flemish bibliography/founder (Boekengids)
1889 - Carl Theodor Dreyer, Danish director (Passion of Jeanne d'arc)
1889 - Risto Ryti, Finnish premier/president
1890 - Charles [Andy] Correll, Peoria Ill, actor (Calvin & Colonel)
1891 - Jan Donner, Dutch minister of Justice (1926-33)
1891 - Peter H "Paul" Huf, actor/director (Great Neth Stage)
1893 - Gaston Julia, French mathematician (d. 1978)
1894 - Norman Rockwell, US, artist/illustrator (Sat Evening Post covers)
1895 - Izak Buys, cricketer (one Test for South Africa 1922, 0 & 4*, 0-52)
1895 - Nick Kenny, Astoria NYC, columnist/songwriter (Nick Kenny Show)
1895 - Victor Raul Haya de la Torre, politician (APRA-Peru) [or Feb 22]
1896 - Johannes Urzidil, writer
1898 - Alvar Aalto, Finland, architect (Finlandia House)
1898 - Paul Urysohn, Russian mathematician
1899 - Doris Speed, actress (Annie-Coronation Street)
1899 - Forrest "Red" DeBernardi, basketball hall of famer (elected 1961)
1899 - João Café Filho, Brazilian president (d.1970)
1899 - Lao She, Chinese writer (d. 1966)
1900 - Mabel Mercer, English cabaret vocalist (Fly Me to the Moon)
1903 - Priaulx Rainier, composer
1903 - Walter Linck, Swiss sculptor
1904 - Charles "Pretty Boy" Floyd, gangster and FBI Most Wanted criminal
1904 - Luigi Dallapiccola, Pisino Istria, Italian composer
1904 - Roger Makins, diplomat
1905 - Arne Beurling, American mathematician (d. 1986)
1906 - Ludvig Nielsen, composer
1907 - James A. Michner, Doylestown, Pennsylvania, American author (Tales of the South Pacific, Hawaii)
1908 - Oddbjorn Hagen, Norway, cross country jumper (Olympic-gold-1936)
1909 - M Vasalis [Margaretha Droogleever Fortuyn-Leenmans], poet (Phoenix)
1909 - Simone Weil, Paris, social philosopher/Resistance fighter (WW II)
1910 - Blas Galindo Dimas, San Gabriel Mexico, composer (A la Patria)
1910 - Nelson Case, Long Beach California, TV host (Trash or Treasure)
1911 - Jehan [Ariste] Alain, French organist/composer
1911 - Jesse Thomas, blues singer
1911 - Robert Earl Jones, American actor (d. 2006)
1912 - Jacques Soustelle, French minister of information
1913 - Richard Seaman, British racing driver (d. 1939)
1914 - Cornelis "Kees" Andrea, Dutch painter/graphic artist/carpet designer
1914 - Felix Kelly, artist
1915 - Jann Willem Holsbergen, author (Zakenmensen Fair as Gold)
1915 - Richard Bales, composer
1916 - Vivien Signy, nurse
1918 - Joey Bishop, [Gottlieb], Bronx, talk show host (Joey Bishop Show)
1918 - Helen Stephens, Fulton Mo, American 100m runner (double Olympic gold-1936)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 7 of 7

1112 - Ramon Berenguer III of Barcelona and Douce I of Provence marry, uniting the fortunes of those two states.
1547 - Russian czar Ivan IV (17) marries Anastasia Romanova
Actor Jean-Claude Van DammeActor Jean-Claude Van Damme (1994) 1994 - Actor Jean-Claude Van Damme (32) weds Darcy Lapier (28) in Bangkok
2006 - "The Science Guy" Bill Nye (50) weds author/oboist Blair Tindall at Skirball Cultural Center in Los Angeles
2006 - Academy Award-winning actress Glenn Close (58) weds David Evans Shaw in Maine
2007 - Winner of "Strictly Come Dancing and "Eastenders" actress Jill Halfpenny (31) weds actor Craig Conway (32) at St. Andrew's Church in Newcastle
2007 - Jackass prankster Bam Margera (27) weds Missy Rothstein (26) in downtown Philadelphia

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 1 of 1

Actress Angelina JolieActress Angelina Jolie (1999) 1999 - Actress Angelina Jolie (20) divorces actor Jonny Lee Miller (26) after 3 years of marriage

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 119

474 - Leo I, Byzantine Emperor (457-74), dies
619 - Laurence of Canterbury, 2nd Archbishop of Canterbury
699 - Saint Werburgh
865 - Ansgar/Anscharius/Oskar, German 1st (arch)bishop of Hamburg/saint, dies
1014 - Sweyn Forkbeard, Viking king of Denmark, Norway and England (1013-14), dies
1014 - King Sweyn I of Denmark
1116 - King Coloman of Hungary (b. 1070)
1399 - John of Ghent, duke of Lancaster/king of Castile & Leon, dies at 58
1428 - Ashikaga Yoshimochi, Japanese shogun (b. 1386)
1451 - Murad II, sultan of Turkey (1421-51), dies
1468 - Johann Gensfleisch Gutenberg, printer, dies
1536 - Garcia de Resende, Port writer/publisher (Cancioneiro Geral), dies
1558 - Alfonsus de Castro, Spanish theologist (council of Trente), dies
1566 - George Cassander, Flemish theologian (b. 1513)
1602 - Paul Melissus, [Paul Schede], German poet/composer, dies at 62
1619 - Henry Brooke, 11th Baron Cobham, English conspirator (b. 1564)
1679 - Jan Havicksz Steen, Dutch painter (St Nicolas Feast), dies at 53
1697 - Sjoucke Gabbes, Frisian sailor, dies/buried on Dirk-Hartog Island
1715 - Gottfried Vopelius, composer, dies at 70
1737 - Tommaso Ceva, Italian Mathematician (b. 1648)
1748 - Henri Madin, composer, dies at 49
1803 - Pedro R de Campomanes, Spanish economist/lawyer/literary, dies at 79
1814 - Johann Antonin Kozeluch, composer, dies at 75
1832 - George Crabbe, English vicar/poet (Borough), dies at 77
1846 - Joseph Weigl, Austria composer/conductor (Waisenhaus), dies at 79
1862 - Jean-Baptiste Biot, French physicist/astronomer, dies at 87
1866 - François-Xavier Garneau, French Canadian poet and historian (b. 1809)
1874 - Lunalilo, Hawaiian monarch (b. 1835)
1875 - Everhardus J Potgieter, writer (Liedekens van Bontekoe), dies at 66
1876 - Gino Capponi, Italian marquis/literary/premier of Toscane, dies at 83
1882 - Guglielmo Quarenghi, composer, dies at 55
1889 - Belle Starr, US female gangster, murdered at 40
1890 - Christophorus H D Buys Ballot, Dutch meteorologist, dies at 72
1900 - Ottokar Eugen Novacek, composer, dies at 33
1902 - Isaac Fransen van der Putten, Dutch PM (1866), dies
1903 - Frederick E Kitziger, composer, dies at 59
1909 - Johann Georg Herzog, composer, dies at 86
1921 - Max Wilhelm Zach, composer, dies at 56
1922 - Christiaan R de Wet, South African Boer general, dies at 67
1922 - John Butler Yeats, Northern Irish artist (b. 1839)
28th US President Woodrow Wilson28th US President Woodrow Wilson (1924) 1924 - Woodrow Wilson, 28th US president (1913-21), dies at his home in Washington at 67
1925 - Jaap Eden, Dutch World champion bicyclist/speed skating, dies at 51
1929 - Agner Krarup Erlang, Danish scientist (b. 1878)
1931 - Hans Schardt, Swiss geologist, dies at 72
1935 - Hugo Junkers, German engineer (b. 1859)
1936 - Sophie of Schönburg-Waldenburg, consort of William of Wied, Prince of Albania (b.1885)
1937 - Marija Leiko, Latvian film actress (b. 1887)
1943 - Alexander Goode, rabbi who surrended his life jacket, drowns
1945 - Jose Rolon, composer, dies at 61
1945 - Roland Freisler, German Nazi judge (July 20th plotter case), dies
1947 - Anna Bahr-von Mildenburg, Austrian soprano/director, dies at 74
1947 - Marc A "Pete" Mitscher, US lt-adm (WW II-Task Force 58), dies at 60
1950 - Karl Seitz, president of Austria, dies at 80
1956 - Émile Borel, French mathematician (b. 1871)
1956 - Johnny Claes, Belgian racing driver (b. 1916)
1958 - Henry Kuttner, sci-fi author (Dark World, As You Were), dies at 42
1958 - Johannes F Buziau, Dutch cabaret performer, dies at 81
1959 - Big Bopper, rocker, dies in plane crash at 28
Singer-songwriter Buddy HollySinger-songwriter Buddy Holly (1959) 1959 - Buddy Holly, rock and roll musician (That'll be the Day), dies in a plane crash at 22
1959 - Richie Valens, rock vocalist (Donna), killed in plane crash at 17
1960 - Johannes G Geelkerken, Dutch reformed vicar, dies at 80
1960 - Fred Buscaglione, Italian singer and actor (b. 1921)
1961 - Anna May Wong, actress (Gallery of Mme Lui-Tsang), dies at 54
1961 - Viscount Dunrossil, Gov-Gen of Australia (1959-61), dies at 67
1962 - Werner Bock, writer, dies
1964 - Sir Albert Richardson, English architect (b. 1880)
1966 - June Walker, actress (War Nurses), dies at 65
1967 - Joe Meek, rocker (Tornados)/producer (Telstar), commits suicide
1967 - Winifred Kingston, silent screen actress (David Garrick), dies at 72
1969 - Eduardo C Mondlane, president of Mozambique, murdered
1971 - Jay C Flippen, actor (Ensign O'Toole), dies at 72
1972 - John Litel, actor (Big Boss, Crime Doctor, My Buddy), dies at 79
1973 - Edward Lockspeiser, composer, dies at 67
1975 - John Secondari, newscaster (Open Hearing), dies at 55
1975 - Robert Evett, composer, dies at 52
1975 - William D. Coolidge, American physicist and inventor (b. 1873)
1975 - Umm Kulthum, Egyptian singer (b. 1904)
1976 - Neville Lindsay, cricketer (S Afr batsman in Test v Aust 1921), dies
1977 - Pauline Starke, actress (Dante's Inferno, Viking, Sun Up), dies at 76
1979 - Jody Gilbert, actress (Willard, Shaggy, Blonde Dynamite), dies
1984 - Anne Townsend, lacrosse/tennis/field hockey star, dies
1984 - Ravindara Mhatrem, Indian diplomat, killed in England
1985 - Frank Oppenheimer, American physicist (b. 1912)
1989 - John Cassavetes, actor/director (Husbands, Dirty Dozen), dies at 59
1991 - Nancy Kulp, actress (Jane Hathaway-Beverly Hillbillies), dies at 69
1991 - Harry Ackerman, American TV executive producer (b. 1912)
1993 - Karel Goeyvaerts, Flemish composer (8 Horse Bet), dies at 69
1995 - John Pinsent, classical scholar, dies at 72
1995 - Turner Fodrell, blues singer/guitarist, dies at 66
1996 - Audrey Meadows, actress (Alice-Honeymooners), dies at 69
1996 - Broderick Vernon Chinnery Photographer-Haldane, dies at 83
1996 - Edward Adamson, art therapist/collector, dies at 84
1996 - Edward Frederick Weston Goodman, property Developer, dies at 81
1996 - Tibor Reich, textile designer, dies at 79
1996 - Wild Jimmy Spruill, blues guitarist, dies at 61
1997 - Anthony Cuthbert Baines, writer/curator, dies at 84
1997 - Bohumil Hrabal, writer, dies at 82
1997 - William Geoffrey Biddle, bomb disposal expert, dies at 79
1998 - Karla Faye Tucker, murderer, executed at 38
1999 - Gwen Guthrie, American singer("Ain't Nothin' Goin' on but the Rent") dies of cancer aged 48

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