This Day in History for 3rd February

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 179

1377 - Mass execution of population (between 2,500 and 5,000) of Cesena, Italy, by Breton troops of Giovanni Acuto under the command of Robert, Cardinal of Geneva, acting as the legate of Pope Gregory XI
1451 - Sultan Mehmed II (the Conqueror) inherits the throne of the Ottoman Empire.
1488 - Bartolomeu Dias discovers Mosselbaai (Angra dos Vaqueros)
1509 - The Battle of Diu, between Portugal and the Ottoman Empire takes place in Diu, India.
1576 - Henry of Navarre (future Henry IV) escapes from Paris
1591 - German monarchy forms Protestant Union of Torgau
1653 - Cardinal Mazarin returns to Paris from exile
1660 - General Monck's army reaches London
1690 - 1st paper money in America issued (colony of Mass)
1740 - Charles de Bourbon, King of Naples, invites Jews to return to Sicily
1743 - Philadelphia establishes a "pesthouse" to quarantine immigrants
1752 - Dutch States-General forbids export of windmills
1781 - Dutch West Indies island of St Eustatia taken by British
1783 - Spain recognizes US independence
Portuguese Explorer Bartolomeu DiasPortuguese Explorer Bartolomeu Dias 1807 - A British military force, under Brig-Gen. Sir Samuel Auchmuty captures the city of Montevideo, then part of the Spanish Empire now capital of Uruguay.
1809 - Territory of Illinois organizes (including present-day Wisconsin)
1815 - World's first commercial cheese factory established, in Switzerland
1825 - Dutch North Sea coast floods
1830 - The sovereignty of Greece was confirmed in a London Protocol.
1834 - Wake Forest University is established.
1836 - Whig Party holds its 1st national convention (Albany NY)
1844 - Hector Berlioz' "Carnaval Romain" premieres in Paris
1855 - Wisconsin Supreme Coutt declares US Fugitive Slave Law unconstitutional
1860 - Thomas Clemson takes office as 1st US superintendent of agriculture
1864 - Sherman's march through Mississippi
1865 - Hampton Roads Peace Conference, Lincoln & Stephens reach an impasse
1867 - Prince Mutsuhito, 14, becomes Emperor Meiji of Japan (1867-1912)
1869 - Booth Theater at 23rd & 6th opens in NYC (Romeo & Juliet)
1870 - US state of Iowa ratifies the 15th Amendment of the United States Constitution allowing suffrage for all races & colour
1876 - Albert Spalding with $800 starts sporting goods co, manufacturing 1st official baseball, tennis ball, basketball, golf ball, & football
1882 - Circus owner PT Barnum buys his world famous elephant Jumbo
1887 - To avoid disputed natl elections, Congress creates Electoral Count Act
1892 - Russia closes down Yeshiva of Volozhin
1894 - 1st US steel sailing vessel, Dirigo, launched at Bath, Maine
1895 - Wilhelm Mauseth skates world record 500 m (46.8 secs)
1900 - Rival forces fight for control of the Union Park ball grounds in Balt
1900 - Gubernatorial candidate William Goebel is assassinated in Frankfort, Kentucky.
1901 - Dutch troops under Gen Van Heutsz conquer Batu Ilië on Sumatra
1903 - Frederick Lugard occupies Kano West Africa
1908 - Supreme Court rules a union boycott violates Sherman Antitrust Act
1908 - Foundation of Panathinaikos in Athens, Greece.
1913 - 16th Amendment, federal income tax, ratified
1913 - Golden/Cawthorne's musical "Sunshine Girl" premieres in NYC
1915 - Turkish & German army reach Suez Canal
1916 - Canada's original Parliament buildings in Ottawa burn down
1916 - Tristan Tzara publishes the Dada manifesto in Zurich Switzerland
1917 - US liner Housatonic is sunk by German submarine, on the same day that US President Wilson breaks off diplomatic relations with Germany
1918 - Twin Peaks Tunnel longest (11,920 feet) streetcar tunnel begins service
1919 - Herbert/Blossom's musical "Velvet Lady" premieres in NYC
1919 - League of Nations 1st meeting (Paris)
1919 - Socialist conference convenes (Berne Switzerland)
1919 - The Bolshevik army is defeated in a series of clashes with the White Russians, who are fighting to reclaims the government after the 1917 revolution
1923 - The Alpha Zeta chapter of Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia founded at Pennsylvania State University.
1924 - Alexei Ryko elected as Pres of People's commission (succeeds Lenin)
1927 - Uprising against regime of general Carmona in Portugal
Paleoanthropologist Davidson BlackPaleoanthropologist Davidson Black 1928 - Paleoanthropologist Davidson Black reports his findings on the ancient human fossils found at Zhoukoudian, China in the journal Nature and declares them to be a new species he names 'Sinanthropus pekinensis' (now known as 'Homo erectus')
1929 - Revolutionary Socialist Party forms in Amsterdam
1930 - William Howard Taft resigns as US chief justice for health reasons
1930 - The Communist Party of Vietnam is established.
1931 - Arkansas legislature passes motion to pray for soul of H L Mencken after he calls state "apex of moronia"
1931 - The Hawke's Bay earthquake, New Zealand's worst natural disaster, kills 258
1933 - 1st interstate legislative conference in US opens, Washington, DC
1933 - German Minister Hermann Goering bans social-democratic newspaper Vorwarts
Nazi Politician Hermann GoeringNazi Politician Hermann Goering 1933 - Marinus van der Lubbe departs to Berlin
1937 - Don Bradman scores 212 (in 441 minutes!) in 5th cricket test v England
1938 - Paul Osborn's "On Borrowed Time" premieres in NYC
1941 - US Supreme Court upheld Federal Wage & Hour law, sets minimum wages & maximum hours
1942 - 1st Japanese air raid on Java
1942 - Baseball owners agree to permit each club up to 14 night games in 1942
1943 - 4 chaplains drown after giving up their life jackets to others
1944 - World War II: United States troops capture the Marshall Islands.
1945 - Almost 1,000 Flying Fortresses drop 3,000 tons of bombs on Berlin
1945 - Walt Disney's "3 Caballeros" released
1947 - -81°F (-63°C), Snag Yukon (North American record)
1947 - 1st black reporter in Congressional press gallery (Percival Prattis)
1947 - Bradman bowled by Alec Bedser for a duck in 4th Test Cricket
Cricket Legend Donald BradmanCricket Legend Donald Bradman 1948 - Dick Button becomes 1st world figure skating champion from US
1950 - Nuclear physicist Klaus Fuchs arrested on spying charges
1951 - "Victor Borge Show" debuts on NBC TV
1951 - Dick Button wins US skating title for 6th time
1951 - Largest purse to date in horse racing, $144,323, won by Great Circle
1951 - Tennessee Williams' "Rose Tattoo" premieres in NYC
1953 - J Fred Muggs, a chimp, becomes a regular on NBC's Today Show
1954 - Jeen van den Berg wins Dutch Eleven Cities Skating race (7:32)
1956 - Autherine Lucy admitted to University of Alabama, suspended 2/7 after a riot
1956 - Toni Sailor becomes 1st Olympic skier to sweep 3 alpine events
1957 - Patty Berg wins LPGA Havana Golf Open
1958 - Royal Teens' "Short Shorts" enters Top 40 chart & peaks at #3
1959 - American Airlines Electra crashes in NY's East River, killing 65
Singer-songwriter Buddy HollySinger-songwriter Buddy Holly 1959 - "The Day the Music Died" plane crash kills musicians Buddy Holly, Richie Valens, J. P. Richardson and pilot near Clear Lake Iowa.
1960 - UK prime minister Harold Macmillan makes his famous "wind of change" speech in Africa, against the apartheid regime, angering South African politicians
1960 - "La Dolce Vita" directed by Federico Fellini and starring Marcello Mastroianni and Anita Ekberg has its film premiere in Italy
1960 - "La Dolce Vita" directed by Federico Fellini and starring Marcello Mastroianni and Anita Ekberg has its film premiere in Italy
1961 - 6th largest snowfall in NYC history (17.4" (44.2cm))
1962 - John Uelses pole vaults record 489 cm
1962 - President Kennedy bans all trade with Cuba except for food & drugs
1963 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Sea Island Women's Golf Invitational
1964 - "Meet the Beatles" album goes Gold
1964 - Black & Puerto Rican students boycott NYC public schools
LPGA Golfer Mickey WrightLPGA Golfer Mickey Wright 1965 - 105 USAF cadets resigned for cheating in exams

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 256

1338 - Jeanne de Bourbon, wife of Charles V of France (d. 1378)
1368 - Charles VI, King of France (1380-1422)
1525 - Giovanni Perluigi da Palestrina, composer
1648 - Louis Bouteiller, composer
1655 - Francois Fagel, Dutch fieldmarshal, baptized
1677 - Jan Santini Aichel, Czech architect (d. 1723)
1690 - Richard Rawlinson, English minister (d. 1755)
1721 - Friedrich Wilhelm von Seydlitz, Prussian general (d. 1773)
1736 - Johann Georg Albrechtsberger, Austria organist/composer
1740 - Guillaume Lasceux, composer
1747 - Samuel Osgood, American patriot (d. 1813)
1755 - Florido Tomeoni, composer
1763 - Caroline von Wolzogen, [von Lengefeld], German author
1784 - John Fane graaf van Westmorland, English (opera)composer/diplomat
1795 - Antonio José de Sucre, South American independence leader (d. 1830)
1805 - Otto T Freiherr von Manteuffel, premier Prussia
1807 - Joseph Eggleston Johnston, Gen (Confederate Army), (d. 1891)
1809 - Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy, Hamburg Germ, composer (Great Scherzos)
1811 - Horace Greeley, editor ("Go west, young man")
1817 - Emile Racine Gauthier Prudent, composer
1817 - Samuel Ryan Curtis, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1866)
1817 - Achille Ernest Oscar Joseph Delesse, French geologist (d. 1881)
1820 - Elisha Kent Kane, US Arctic explorer (Kane Basin off NW Greenland)
Physician Elizabeth BlackwellPhysician Elizabeth Blackwell (1821) 1821 - Elizabeth Blackwell, Bristol England, 1st woman physician
1823 - Spencer F Baird, US biologist (Wood's Hole Station)
1824 - George Thomas "Tige" Anderson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
1824 - Nathan George "Shanks" Evans, Brig Gen (Confederacy), (d. 1868)
1824 - Ranald MacDonald, Canadian-born Scottish educator and interpreter (d. 1894)
1826 - Walter Bagehot, England, economist/sociologist
1830 - Robert Cecil, Marquess of Salisbury (C), British PM (1885-1902)
1831 - Cyrus Ballou Comstock, Bvt Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), (d. 1910)
1833 - Thomas T H Jorissen, Dutch historian
1842 - Sidney Clopton Lanier, US, composer/poet (Hall of Fame)
1845 - Ernest von Wildenbruch, German playwright (Sedan)
1851 - Johannes B van Heutsz, lt-gen/gov-gen Dutch East Indies
1851 - Lord Harris, cricketer (4 Tests for England MCC big-wig)
1857 - Wilhelm Ludvig Johannsen, Copenhagen, Danish Botanist and Geneticist who provided evidence for Hugo de Vries' mutation theory
1859 - Hugo Junkers, German aircraft designer (d. 1935)
1865 - Martinus Ballings, Flemish jesuit/author (Will Power)
1868 - Damaso Ledesma, composer
1870 - Ada Negri, Italian poet/author (Il Libro di Mara)
1872 - Lou Criger, American baseball player (d. 1934)
1873 - Ernest B Allo, French theologist
1874 - Franklyn Dyall, actor (Easy Virtue), born in Liverpool, England
1874 - Gertrude Stein, Penn, author (Autobiography of Alice B Toklas)
1876 - William Tedmarsh, silent movie actor (d. 1937)
1878 - Joseph Gordon Coates, PM of New Zealand (1925-28)
1879 - Charles Follis, 1st African American NFLer (Shelby, Ohio)
1880 - Arnoldus JH Aerts, bishop of Neth-Guinea (1920-42)
1882 - Trijntje Jansma-Boskma; oldest person in the Netherlands
1883 - Camille Bombois, French circus wrestler/painter
1883 - Clarence Mulford, Ill, western writer (Hopalong Cassidy)
1886 - Erwin Kroll, composer
1887 - Carlo Jachino, composer
1887 - Georg Trakl, Austrian poet (Autumn of the Lonely)
1887 - Silvio d'Amico, Italian theater critic (Tramonto del grande attore)
1887 - Juan Negrín, Spanish Prime Minister (d. 1956)
1888 - Joris Baers, Flemish bibliography/founder (Boekengids)
1889 - Carl Theodor Dreyer, Danish director (Passion of Jeanne d'arc)
1889 - Risto Ryti, Finnish premier/president
1890 - Charles [Andy] Correll, Peoria Ill, actor (Calvin & Colonel)
1891 - Jan Donner, Dutch minister of Justice (1926-33)
1891 - Peter H "Paul" Huf, actor/director (Great Neth Stage)
1893 - Gaston Julia, French mathematician (d. 1978)
1894 - Norman Rockwell, US, artist/illustrator (Sat Evening Post covers)
1895 - Izak Buys, cricketer (one Test for South Africa 1922, 0 & 4*, 0-52)
1895 - Nick Kenny, Astoria columnist/songwriter (Nick Kenny Show), born in NYC, New York
1895 - Victor Raul Haya de la Torre, politician (APRA-Peru) [or Feb 22]
1896 - Johannes Urzidil, writer
1898 - Alvar Aalto, Finland, architect (Finlandia House)
1898 - Paul Urysohn, Russian mathematician
1899 - Doris Speed, actress (Annie-Coronation Street)
1899 - Forrest "Red" DeBernardi, basketball hall of famer (elected 1961)
1899 - João Café Filho, Brazilian president (d. 1970)
1899 - Lao She, Chinese writer (d. 1966)
1900 - Mabel Mercer, English cabaret vocalist (Fly Me to the Moon)
1903 - Priaulx Rainier, composer
1903 - Walter Linck, Swiss sculptor
1904 - Charles "Pretty Boy" Floyd, gangster and FBI Most Wanted criminal
1904 - Luigi Dallapiccola, Pisino Istria, Italian composer
1904 - Roger Makins, diplomat
1905 - Arne Beurling, American mathematician (d. 1986)
1906 - Ludvig Nielsen, composer
1907 - James A. Michner, Doylestown, Pennsylvania, American author (Tales of the South Pacific, Hawaii)
1908 - Oddbjorn Hagen, Norway, cross country jumper (Olympic-gold-1936)
1909 - M Vasalis [Margaretha Droogleever Fortuyn-Leenmans], poet (Phoenix)
1909 - Simone Weil, Paris, social philosopher/Resistance fighter (WW II)
1910 - Blas Galindo Dimas, San Gabriel Mexico, composer (A la Patria)
1910 - Nelson Case, TV host (Trash or Treasure), born in Long Beach, California
1911 - Jehan [Ariste] Alain, French organist/composer
1911 - Jesse Thomas, blues singer
1911 - Robert Earl Jones, American actor (d. 2006)
1912 - Jacques Soustelle, French minister of information
1913 - Richard Seaman, British racing driver (d. 1939)
1914 - Cornelis "Kees" Andrea, Dutch painter/graphic artist/carpet designer
1914 - Felix Kelly, artist
1915 - Jann Willem Holsbergen, author (Zakenmensen Fair as Gold)
1915 - Richard Bales, composer
1916 - Vivien Signy, nurse
1918 - Joey Bishop, [Gottlieb], Bronx, talk show host (Joey Bishop Show)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 8 of 8

1112 - Ramon Berenguer III of Barcelona and Douce I of Provence marry, uniting the fortunes of those two states.
1547 - Russian Tsar Ivan IV (17) marries Anastasia Romanova
Writer and Civil Rights Activist James Weldon JohnsonWriter and Civil Rights Activist James Weldon Johnson (1910) 1910 - Author James Weldon Johnson (38) weds civil rights activist Grace Nail Johnson (24) at her family's home
1994 - Actor Jean-Claude Van Damme (32) weds Darcy Lapier (28) in Bangkok
2006 - "The Science Guy" Bill Nye (50) weds author/oboist Blair Tindall at Skirball Cultural Center in Los Angeles
2006 - Academy Award-winning actress Glenn Close (58) weds David Evans Shaw in Maine
2007 - Winner of "Strictly Come Dancing and "Eastenders" actress Jill Halfpenny (31) weds actor Craig Conway (32) at St. Andrew's Church in Newcastle
2007 - Jackass prankster Bam Margera (27) weds Missy Rothstein (26) in downtown Philadelphia

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 1 of 1

Actress Angelina JolieActress Angelina Jolie (1999) 1999 - Actress Angelina Jolie (20) divorces actor Jonny Lee Miller (26) after 3 years of marriage

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 121

474 - Leo I, Byzantine Emperor (457-74), dies
619 - Laurence of Canterbury, 2nd Archbishop of Canterbury
699 - Saint Werburgh
865 - Ansgar/Anscharius/Oskar, German 1st (arch)bishop of Hamburg/saint, dies
1014 - Sweyn Forkbeard, Viking king of Denmark, Norway and England (1013-14), dies
1014 - King Sweyn I of Denmark
1116 - King Coloman of Hungary (b. 1070)
1399 - John of Ghent, duke of Lancaster/king of Castile & Leon, dies at 58
1428 - Ashikaga Yoshimochi, Japanese shogun (b. 1386)
1451 - Murad II, sultan of Turkey (1421-51), dies
1468 - Johann Gensfleisch Gutenberg, printer, dies
1536 - Garcia de Resende, Port writer/publisher (Cancioneiro Geral), dies
1558 - Alfonsus de Castro, Spanish theologist (council of Trente), dies
1566 - George Cassander, Flemish theologian (b. 1513)
1602 - Paul Melissus, [Paul Schede], German poet/composer, dies at 62
1619 - Henry Brooke, 11th Baron Cobham, English conspirator (b. 1564)
1679 - Jan Havicksz Steen, Dutch painter (St Nicolas Feast), dies at 53
1697 - Sjoucke Gabbes, Frisian sailor, dies/buried on Dirk-Hartog Island
1715 - Gottfried Vopelius, composer, dies at 70
1737 - Tommaso Ceva, Italian Mathematician (b. 1648)
1748 - Henri Madin, composer, dies at 49
1803 - Pedro R de Campomanes, Spanish economist/lawyer/literary, dies at 79
1814 - Johann Antonin Kozeluch, composer, dies at 75
1832 - George Crabbe, English vicar/poet (Borough), dies at 77
1846 - Joseph Weigl, Austria composer/conductor (Waisenhaus), dies at 79
1862 - Jean-Baptiste Biot, French physicist/astronomer, dies at 87
1866 - François-Xavier Garneau, French Canadian poet and historian (b. 1809)
1874 - Lunalilo, Hawaiian monarch (b. 1835)
1875 - Everhardus J Potgieter, writer (Liedekens van Bontekoe), dies at 66
1876 - Gino Capponi, Italian marquis/literary/premier of Toscane, dies at 83
1882 - Guglielmo Quarenghi, composer, dies at 55
1889 - Belle Starr, US female gangster, murdered at 40
1890 - Christophorus H D Buys Ballot, Dutch meteorologist, dies at 72
1900 - Ottokar Eugen Novacek, composer, dies at 33
1902 - Isaac Fransen van der Putten, Dutch PM (1866), dies
1903 - Frederick E Kitziger, composer, dies at 59
1909 - Johann Georg Herzog, composer, dies at 86
1921 - Max Wilhelm Zach, composer, dies at 56
1922 - Christiaan R de Wet, South African Boer general, dies at 67
1922 - John Butler Yeats, Northern Irish artist (b. 1839)
28th US President Woodrow Wilson28th US President Woodrow Wilson (1924) 1924 - Woodrow Wilson, 28th US president (1913-21), dies at his home in Washington at 67
1925 - Jaap Eden, Dutch World champion bicyclist/speed skating, dies at 51
1929 - Agner Krarup Erlang, Danish scientist (b. 1878)
1931 - Hans Schardt, Swiss geologist, dies at 72
1935 - Hugo Junkers, German engineer (b. 1859)
1936 - Sophie of Schönburg-Waldenburg, consort of William of Wied, Prince of Albania (b.1885)
1937 - Marija Leiko, Latvian film actress (b. 1887)
1943 - Alexander Goode, rabbi who surrended his life jacket, drowns
1945 - Jose Rolon, composer, dies at 61
1945 - Roland Freisler, German Nazi judge (July 20th plotter case), dies
1947 - Anna Bahr-von Mildenburg, Austrian soprano/director, dies at 74
1947 - Marc A "Pete" Mitscher, US lt-adm (WW II-Task Force 58), dies at 60
1950 - Karl Seitz, president of Austria, dies at 80
1956 - Émile Borel, French mathematician (b. 1871)
1956 - Johnny Claes, Belgian racing driver (b. 1916)
1958 - Henry Kuttner, sci-fi author (Dark World, As You Were), dies at 42
1958 - Johannes F Buziau, Dutch cabaret performer, dies at 81
1959 - Big Bopper, rocker, dies in plane crash at 28
Singer-songwriter Buddy HollySinger-songwriter Buddy Holly (1959) 1959 - Buddy Holly, rock and roll musician (That'll be the Day), dies in a plane crash at 22
1959 - Richie Valens, rock vocalist (Donna), killed in plane crash at 17
1960 - Johannes G Geelkerken, Dutch reformed vicar, dies at 80
1960 - Fred Buscaglione, Italian singer and actor (b. 1921)
1961 - Anna May Wong, actress (Gallery of Mme Lui-Tsang), dies at 54
1961 - Viscount Dunrossil, Gov-Gen of Australia (1959-61), dies at 67
1962 - Werner Bock, writer, dies
1964 - Sir Albert Richardson, English architect (b. 1880)
1966 - June Walker, actress (War Nurses), dies at 65
1967 - Joe Meek, rocker (Tornados)/producer (Telstar), commits suicide
1967 - Winifred Kingston, silent screen actress (David Garrick), dies at 72
1969 - Eduardo C Mondlane, president of Mozambique, murdered
1971 - Jay C Flippen, actor (Ensign O'Toole), dies at 72
1972 - John Litel, actor (Big Boss, Crime Doctor, My Buddy), dies at 79
1973 - Edward Lockspeiser, composer, dies at 67
1975 - John Secondari, newscaster (Open Hearing), dies at 55
1975 - Robert Evett, composer, dies at 52
1975 - William D. Coolidge, American physicist and inventor (b. 1873)
1975 - Umm Kulthum, Egyptian singer (b. 1904)
1976 - Neville Lindsay, cricketer (S Afr batsman in Test v Aust 1921), dies
1977 - Pauline Starke, actress (Dante's Inferno, Viking, Sun Up), dies at 76
1979 - Jody Gilbert, actress (Willard, Shaggy, Blonde Dynamite), dies
1984 - Anne Townsend, lacrosse/tennis/field hockey star, dies
1984 - Ravindara Mhatrem, Indian diplomat, killed in England
1985 - Frank Oppenheimer, American physicist (b. 1912)
1989 - John Cassavetes, actor/director (Husbands, Dirty Dozen), dies at 59
1991 - Nancy Kulp, actress (Jane Hathaway-Beverly Hillbillies), dies at 69
1991 - Harry Ackerman, American TV executive producer (b. 1912)
1993 - Karel Goeyvaerts, Flemish composer (8 Horse Bet), dies at 69
1995 - John Pinsent, classical scholar, dies at 72
1995 - Turner Fodrell, blues singer/guitarist, dies at 66
1996 - Audrey Meadows, actress (Alice-Honeymooners), dies at 69
1996 - Broderick Vernon Chinnery Photographer-Haldane, dies at 83
1996 - Edward Adamson, art therapist/collector, dies at 84
1996 - Edward Frederick Weston Goodman, property Developer, dies at 81
1996 - Tibor Reich, textile designer, dies at 79
1996 - Wild Jimmy Spruill, blues guitarist, dies at 61
1997 - Anthony Cuthbert Baines, writer/curator, dies at 84
1997 - Bohumil Hrabal, writer, dies at 82
1997 - William Geoffrey Biddle, bomb disposal expert, dies at 79
1998 - Karla Faye Tucker, murderer, executed at 38
1999 - Gwen Guthrie, American singer("Ain't Nothin' Goin' on but the Rent"), dies of cancer at 48

<< 2nd February

— On this Day in History —

4th February >>


Search On this Day in History

Day  Month  Year  Type

Keyword(s)