This Day in History for 4th February

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 198

211 - Roman Emperor Septimius Severus dies, leaving the Roman Empire in the hands of his two quarrelsome sons, Caracalla and Geta.
960 - The coronation of Zhao Kuangyin as Emperor Taizu of Song, initiating the Song Dynasty period of China that would last more than three centuries.
1194 - 100,000 ransom is paid for Richard I, King of England
1454 - In the Thirteen Years' War, the Secret Council of the Prussian Confederation sends a formal act of disobedience to the Grand Master.
1508 - Maximilian I assumes imperial title without being crowned
1586 - Robert Dudley, earl of Leicester, becomes governor-general of the States General of the United Provinces (Netherlands)
1600 - Tycho Brahe & Johannes Kepler meet for first time near Prague
1620 - Prince Bethlen Gabor of Hungary signs peace with Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II
English Military and Political Leader Oliver CromwellEnglish Military and Political Leader Oliver Cromwell 1657 - Oliver Cromwell grants residency to Luis Caravajal
1697 - Three Dutch East India Company ships anchor at Dirk-Hartogeiland, Australia
1699 - 350 rebellious Streltsi executed in Moscow
1703 - In Edo (now Tokyo), 46 of the Forty-Seven Ronin commit seppuku (ritual suicide) as recompense for avenging their master's death.
1782 - British garrison surrenders to French & Spanish fleet
1783 - Worst quake in 8 years kills some 50,000 (Calabria, Italy)
1784 - 1st unmanned balloon flight in Ireland
1787 - 1st Anglican bishops of NY & Pennsylvania consecrated in London
1787 - Shays' Rebellion (of debt-ridden Massachusetts farmers) fails
1789 - 1st US electoral college chooses Washington & Adams as President and Vice-President
1794 - French National Convention proclaims abolishment of slavery
1797 - Earthquake in Quito, Ecuador kills 41,000
1803 - William Dunlap, adapts French melodrama "Voice of Nature"
1810 - Royal Navy seizes Guadeloupe.
1822 - Free American Blacks settle Liberia, West Africa
1824 - J W Goodrich introduces rubber galoshes to public
1846 - Mormons leave Nauvoo, Illinois for settlement in the west
1847 - 1st US telegraph co established in Maryland
1849 - University of Wisconsin begins in 1 room with 20 students
1854 - Alvan Bovay proposes name "Republican Party," Ripon, Wisc
1855 - Soldiers shoot Jewish families in Coro, Venezuela
1859 - The Codex Sinaiticus is discovered in Egypt.
President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson DavisPresident of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis 1861 - Confederate constitutional convention meets for 1st time, Montgomery Ala, Ga, Fla, La, Miss & SC elect Jefferson Davis pres of Confederacy
1864 - Skirmish at Big Black River Bridge, Mississippi
1865 - Hawaiian Board of Education formed
1865 - Robert E. Lee is named general-in-chief of Confederate forces
1866 - Mary Baker Eddy cures her injuries by opening a bible
1880 - Steele MacKay's "Hazel Kirke," premieres in NYC
1880 - The Black Donnelly massacre. James (63), Johannah (56), John (32), Thomas (25) and Bridget (21) Donnelly are murdered in their home by members of the Vigilance Committee
1887 - Interstate Commerce Act authorizes federal regulation of railroads
1895 - 1st rolling lift bridge opens, Chicago
Christian Science Founder Mary Baker EddyChristian Science Founder Mary Baker Eddy 1899 - Revolt against US occupation of Philippines
1899 - The Philippine-American War begins.
1901 - Emperor of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Franz Joseph, gives a speech condemning the demands of national groups and calls for economic and social reform
1903 - Stanley Cup: Montreal AAA beat Winn Victorias, 2 games to 1 & 1 tie
1904 - John Millington Synges "Well of Saints," premieres in Dublin
1913 - Louis Perlman patents demountable auto tire-carrying wheel rim
1913 - National Institute of Arts & Letters founded
1914 - US Congress approves Burnett-anti-immigration law
1915 - Experiments to find cause of pellagra begin at Miss Penitentiary
1917 - Belgian Council of Flanders established
1919 - City of Bremen's Soviet Republic overthrown
1920 - 1st flight from London to South Africa takes-off (lasts 1½ months)
1922 - WGY-AM in Schenectady NY begins radio transmissions
1924 - 1st Winter Olympic games close at Chamonix France
1924 - George Kelly's "Show-Off," premieres in NYC
1926 - Austrian chancellor Seipel wants to join Germany
1927 - KGA-AM in Spokane WA begins radio transmissions
1929 - Archie Jackson scores 164 on Test Cricket debut v England at Adelaide
1930 - 1st tieless, soundless, shockless streetcar tracks, New Orleans
1931 - National League adopts a deader baseball
1932 - 3rd Winter Olympic games open in Lake Placid, NY
1932 - Japanese troop occupy Harbin, Manchuria
1932 - World War II: Japan occupies Harbin, China.
1933 - -Feb 10] Crew of Dutch "7 Provinces" mutiny after pay cuts
1933 - German President Von Hindenburg limits freedom of the press
1936 - 1st radioactive substance produced synthetically (radium E)
1937 - Jim Margie, Philadelphia, bowls 900 in 3 (unsanctioned) games
1938 - "Our Town," by Thornton Wilder opens on Broadway
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf HitlerDictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler 1938 - Hitler seizes control of German army & puts Nazi in key posts
1939 - Glenn Cunningham (top miler) says 4-min mile beyond human effort
1941 - British tanks occupy Maus, Libya
1941 - Former Dutch premier De Geer flies to Berlin
1941 - United Service Organization (USO) founded
1942 - Clinton Pierce becomes 1st US general wounded in action in WW II
1943 - Bertolt Brecht's "Der gute Mensch von Sezuan," premieres in Zurich
1944 - Jean Anouilh's "Antigone," premieres in Paris
1944 - US 7th Infantry Division captures Kwajalein
1945 - Roosevelt, Churchill & Stalin meet at Yalta in the Crimea to discuss the final phase of the war
Soviet Union Premier Joseph StalinSoviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin 1946 - Garson Kanin's "Born Yesterday," premieres in NYC
1948 - Sri Lanka (formerly Ceylon) declares independence from UK
1949 - Failed assassination attempt on Shah of Persia
1951 - US female Figure Skating championship won by Sonya Klopfer
1951 - US male Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button
1952 - 1st black executive of a major TV station (Jackie Robinson-WNBC NY)
1956 - AL plans to test automatic intentional walk during spring training
1957 - 1st electric portable typewriter placed on sale (Syracuse NY)
Baseball Player Jackie RobinsonBaseball Player Jackie Robinson 1958 - "Oh, Captain!" opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 192 performances
1958 - Hall of Fame fails to elect anyone for 1st time since 1950
1959 - Israel begins exporting copper ore
1960 - BBWAA voters fail to elect a new Hall of Fame member
1960 - Giants move their offices to Candlestick Park
1960 - Lionel Bart's musical "Fings ain't wot they used t'be," premieres
1961 - Sputnik 7 launches into Earth orbit; probable Venus probe failure
1962 - "Gay Life" closes at Shubert Theater NYC after 113 performances
1962 - Russian newspaper Izvestia reports baseball is an old Russian game
1962 - US female Figure Skating championship won by Barbara Roles
1962 - US male Figure Skating championship won by Monty Hoyt
1964 - FAA begins 6 month test of reactions to sonic booms over Oklahoma City
1965 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1966 - All-Nippon Airways 727 crashes off Haneda Airport (Japan); kills 133
1967 - "Wild Thing" hits #20 on the pop singles chart by Senator Bobby

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 244

1465 - French van Brederode, leader of Hoeksen
1524 - Luis de Camões, Portugal's greatest poet. (d. 1580)
1549 - Eustache du Caurroy, composer
1575 - Pierre de Barulle, French cardinal
1581 - Daniel Selich, composer
1620 - Gustaf Bonde, Swedish statesman (d. 1667)
1646 - Hans A Freiherr von Abschatz, Silesian poet
1677 - Johann Ludwig Bach, German composer (d. 1731)
1688 - Pierre De Marivaux, Paris France, writer (Marianne)
1693 - George Lillo, bourgeois English dramatist (London Merchant)
1725 - Dru Drury, English entomologist (d. 1804)
1746 - Tadeusz Kościuszko, Polish, Lithuanian and American National hero and general (d. 1817)
1751 - Blas de Laserna, composer
1758 - Pierre-Gabriel Gardel, French ballet dancer/choreographer
1764 - Carel H Verhuell, Dutch/French vice-admiral/minister of Navy
1767 - Johann Franz Volkert, composer
1768 - Maurits C van Hall, Dutch ruler of Heicop & Boeicop, lawyer/politician
1769 - Samuel I Wiselius, Dutch lawyer/businessman/writer
1778 - A. P. de Candolle, Swiss botanist (d. 1841)
1799 - Joao Batista da Silva Leitao de Almeida Garret, Portuguese playwright
1802 - Mark Hopkins, US, educator/philosopher (Williams College)
1805 - Georg Andreas Henkel, composer
1805 - William H Ainsworth, English writer (Old St Paul's, Rookwood)
1808 - Josef Kajetán Tyl, Czech playwright, author of the Czech national anthem(d. 1856)
1819 - Joshua Norton, SF, Norton I, emperor of USA
1826 - Halbert Eleazer Paine, Bvt Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1905
1831 - Oliver Ames, 35th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1895)
1841 - Clément Ader, French aviation pioneer (d. 1926)
1842 - Georg Brandes, [Morris Cohen], Danish literary-historian/critic
1842 - Vasili O Klyutshevski, Russian historian
1846 - Nikolay Umov, Russian physicist (d. 1915)
1848 - [Francois-Victor-]Jean Aicard, Fren playwright/poet (Jeune Croyances)
1849 - Jean Richepin, French poet/writer (Les Chansons de Gueux)
1859 - Timofei Mikhailov, Russian revolutionary, member of Narodnaya Volya (d. 1881)
1865 - Charles Bally, Swiss linguist (Le langage et la vie)
1868 - Constance Gore-booth Markiewicy, Irish patriot/playwright/MP
1871 - Friedrich Ebert, German politician, 1st Reichspräsident of the Weimar Republic (d. 1925)
1872 - Gotse Delchev, a great Macedonian revolutionary, (d. 1903)
1873 - Étienne Desmarteau, Canadian athlete (d. 1905)
1875 - Ludwig Prandtl, Germany, physicist (father of aerodynamics)
1875 - Raymond Moulaert, composer
1876 - Victor Jean Leonard Vreuls, composer
1881 - Kliment J Woroshilov, marshal/president USSR (1953-60)
1881 - Fernand Léger, French painter (d. 1955)
1884 - Julius Callewaert, Flemish dominican/bringing up children
1884 - Rolland Beaumont, cricketer (South African batsman in 5 tests 1912-14)
1885 - Cairine Ray Wilson, Montreal, 1st female Canadian senator (appointed)
1888 - Paul Althaus, German theologist (The Christian Truth)
1889 - Walter Catlett, SF CA, actor (Front Page, Tale of 2 Cities)
1891 - Yuri Losmann, Estonia, marathon runner (Olympic-silver 1920)
1891 - Madabhushi Ananthasayanam Ayyangar, Speaker of Lok Sabha (d: 1978).
1892 - Ugo Betti, Italian playwright
1892 - Andreu Nin, Catalan politician (d. 1937)
1892 - E. J. Pratt, Canadian poet (d. 1964)
1893 - Bernard Rogers, NYC, composer (Warrior, Marriage of Aude, Passion)
Paleoanthropologist Raymond DartPaleoanthropologist Raymond Dart (1893) 1893 - Raymond Dart, Australian paleoanthropologist (Australopithecus africanus)
1895 - Annie [Anna HM] Romein-Verschoor, Dutch historian (Erflaters)
1895 - Hanns [Johann] Rauter, German SS-lt-general/SS police chief in Neth
1895 - Nigel Bruce, Baja Mexico, British actor (Dr Watson-Sherlock Holmes)
1896 - Friedrich Glauser, writer
1896 - Friedrich Hund, German physicist (d. 1997)
1897 - Ludwig Erhard, chancellor of Germany (CDU)
1902 - Charles A Lindbergh, Detroit, pilot (1st to fly solo across Atlantic)
1902 - Hartley Shawcross, British lawyer and politician (d. 2003)
Aviator Charles LindberghAviator Charles Lindbergh (1902) 1903 - Alexander Oppenheim, mathematician
1903 - Berend van den Amstel, [Bernard CED Hattink], actor (Beatrice)
1903 - Edwin Denby, Tientsin China, US dance critic/poet (Snoring in N)
1903 - Frank Howley, Hampton NY, Brigadier General (Answers for Americans)
1903 - Siro Cisilino, composer
1904 - Herman B Wiardi Beckman, Dutch politician (SDAP)/resistance fighter
1904 - MacKinlay Kantor, Webster City Iowa, novelist (Andersonville)
1904 - Predrag Milosevic, composer
1905 - Eddie Foy Jr, New Rochelle NY, actor (Eddie-Fair Exchange)
1905 - Hylda Baker, English comedy actress (d. 1986)
1906 - Clyde William Tombaugh, US, astronomer (discovered Pluto)
1906 - Dietrich Bonhoeffer, German theologist (Confessing Church)
1906 - Primo Carnera, Italian boxer (champ-1933)
1908 - Emmanuel "Manny" Klein, trumpeter
1908 - Gordon Fraser, Lawrence Mass, newscaster (All Star News)
1909 - Kenneth W Howell, English Anglican bishop (Chile/Bolivia/Peru)
1909 - Robert Coote, London, actor (Timmy-Rogues, Theodore-Nero Wolfe)
1910 - Alfred Mendelsohn, composer
1910 - Uys Krige, South African playwright/novelist (Orphan of the Desert)
Golfer Byron NelsonGolfer Byron Nelson (1912) 1912 - Byron Nelson, Fort Worth Tx, PGA golfer (won 19 tournaments in 1945)
1912 - Erich Leinsdorf, Vienna Austria, available conductor & banana eater
1912 - James Craig, Nashville TN, actor (Devil & Daniel Webster, Cyclops)
1912 - Ola Skjåk Bræk, Norwegian politician (d. 1999)
1912 - Louis-Albert Cardinal Vachon, archbishop of Quebec (d. 2006)
1913 - Rosa Parks, Tuskegee Alabama, American civil rights activist (bus protestor)
1914 - Alfred Andersch, German writer (Red Head)
1914 - Ida Lupino, London England, actress (Adventures of Sherlock Holmes)
Civil Rights Activist Rosa ParksCivil Rights Activist Rosa Parks (1913) 1915 - William Talman, Detroit Mich, actor (Crashout, Hamilton-Perry Mason)
1915 - Ray Evans, American songwriter with Jay Livingston (d. 2007)
1916 - Basil Hembry, farmer/campaigner
1916 - Colin Morris, playwright/documentary filmmaker
1916 - David Vassall Cox, composer
1916 - Gavin Buchanan Ewart, English poet (Pleasures of the Flesh)
1916 - Shah Maghsoud Sadegh Angha, 41st master of the Oveyssi-Shahmaghsoudi Sufi Order (d. 1980)
1917 - Aga Yahya Khan, Pakistan military/politician
1918 - Ida Lupino, actress screenwriter director/producer (Jennifer)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 6 of 6

1875 - Princess Louise of Belgium marries Prince Philip von Saksen-Coburg-Gotha in Belgium
Jazz Musician Louis ArmstrongJazz Musician Louis Armstrong (1924) 1924 - Jazz musician Louis Armstrong (22) weds pianist Lil Armstrong (26)
1939 - Singer Frank Sinatra (23) marries 1st wife Nancy Barbato
1941 - Actress Vera-Ellen (19) weds fellow dancer Robert Hightower
2006 - Daughter of June Carter country singer Carlene Carter (50) weds Joe Brown began at Cinnamon Hill in Jamaica
2006 - 2004 Summer Olympics badminton player gold medalist Taufik Hidayat (24) weds Armi Dianti Gumelar at Hotel Mulia Senayan in Jakarta

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 1 of 1

Boxing Champ George ForemanBoxing Champ George Foreman (1985) 1985 - Professional boxer George Foreman (35) divorces Andrea Skeete after almost 3 years of marriage

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 114

211 - Lucius Septimus Severus, emperor of Rome (193-211), dies at 64
708 - Sisinnius, Greek-Syrian pope (708, 20 days), dies
856 - Hrabanus Maurus, East France, archbishop of Mainz, dies
869 - Saint Cyril, Greek missionary to the Slavs (b. 827)
1189 - Gilbert of Sempringham, English monastery founder/saint, dies
1222 - Willem I, earl of Holland (1203-22), dies
1503 - Queen Elizabeth, consort of Henry VII of England, dies
1505 - Joan of Valois, Queen of France/saint, dies at 40
1508 - Conrad Celtes, German humanist scholar (b. 1459)
1553 - Caspar Othmayr, composer, dies at 37
1590 - Gioseffo Zarlino, composer, dies at 73
1615 - Dom Justo Takayama, Japanese warlord (b. 1552)
1615 - Giovanni Battista della Porta, Italian scholar, polymath and child prodogy (b. 1535)
1617 - Louis Elsevier, Dutch publisher, dies at about 76
1640 - Hendrick C Vroom, Dutch seascape painter, dies
1694 - Nataliya Kyrillovna Naryshkina, Tsaritsa of Russia (b. 1651)
1714 - Duke of Berry, French King Louis XIV's grandson, dies
1746 - Robert Blair, Scottish poet (Grave), dies at 46
1774 - Charles Marie de La Condamine, French mathematician and geographer (b. 1701)
1781 - Josef Myslivecek, composer, dies at 43
1781 - Willem Crul, admiral (West-Indies), dies in battle at 59
1799 - Étienne-Louis Boullée, French architect (b. 1728)
1815 - Geert Reinders, Dutch cattle breeder/inoculation proponent, dies at 77
1815 - Jacob van Strij, Dutch cartoonist/graphic artist, dies at 58
1816 - Meingosus Gaelle, composer, dies at 63
1834 - Amelie Julia Candielle, composer, dies at 66
1844 - Willem de Clerq, Dutch merchant/literary, dies at 49
1854 - Carl Ludwig Cornelius Westenholz, composer, dies at 66
1869 - Johan M Dautzenberg, Flemish author/novelist (Future), dies at 60
1880 - James Donnelly, patriarch of the "Black Donnellys", murdered in the Black Donnelly massacre at 63
1894 - Antoine J "Adolphe" Sax, instrument maker (saxophone), dies at 79
1895 - Faustina Hasse Hodges, composer, dies at 71
1896 - Henry David Leslie, composer, dies at 73
1905 - Louis-Ernest Barrias, French sculptor (b. 1841)
1911 - Peter A "Piet" Cronje, South Africa Boer general, dies at about 75
1921 - Xavier Mellery, Belgian painter/illustrator, dies at 75
1927 - Thomas Linnemann Laub, composer, dies at 74
1928 - Hendrik A Lorentz, physicist (L transformation-Nobel 1902), dies at 74
1933 - Archibald Sayce, English educator (b. 1846)
1936 - Wilhelm Gustloff, German leader of the Swiss Nazi party (b. 1895)
1939 - Edward Sapir, US linguist/cultural antropologist (indian), dies at 55
1939 - Henri W A Deterding, Dutch oil magnate (Royal Oil, Shell), dies at 72
1940 - Nikolai Yezhov, Head of Soviet NKVD (b. 1895)
1941 - Johann Peter Kirsch, Luxembourg church historian, dies at 79
1943 - Frank Calder, 1st NHL president, dies
1944 - Yvette Guilbert, French singer and actress (b. 1867)
1944 - Arsen Kotsoyev, Russian writer (b. 1872)
1946 - Margarete Boie, writer, dies
1953 - Alexander Loudon, Dutch diplomat (League of Nations), dies at 60
1954 - Vaclav Vackar, composer, dies at 72
1956 - Leendert A Donker, Dutch soc dem party-minister of Justice, dies at 56
1956 - Peder Gram, composer, dies at 74
1957 - Joseph Hardaway, creator of Bugs Bunny, dies at 66
1957 - Miguel Covarrubias, Mexican illustrator, dies
1958 - Frederik de Merode, Belgian prince, dies at 46
1959 - Una O'Connor, actress (Banjo, Invisible Man), dies at 78
1964 - Siegfried T Bok, neurobiologist/anatomist (Cybernetica), dies at 71
1965 - U C Greyhound, champion trotter (horse), dies at 33
1966 - Gilbert H Grosvenor, president Natl Geographic Society, dies at 90
1967 - Albert Orsborn, 6th General of The Salvation Army (b. 1886)
1968 - Ed Baker, actor (Keystone Kops), dies of emphysema at 70
1968 - Gerard den Brabander, [Jan G Jofriet], poet (Nothing New), dies at 67
1968 - Neal Cassady, American writer (b. 1926)
1974 - Mihail Andricu, composer, dies at 79
1974 - Satyendra Nath Bose, Indian physicist (b. 1894)
Musician Louis JordanMusician Louis Jordan (1975) 1975 - Louis Jordan, American musician (b. 1908)
1975 - Howard Hill, American archer (b. 1899)
1977 - Brett Halliday, American writer (b. 1904)
1978 - Bergen Evans, English professor ($64,000 Question), dies at 73
1982 - Sue Carol, actress (She's My Weakness), dies at 73 of a heart attack
1982 - Alex Harvey, Scottish musician (b. 1935)
1982 - Georg Konrad Morgen, German judge (b. 1909)
1983 - Jim Ameche, actor (Festival of Stars), dies at 68
1983 - Karen Carpenter, rock drummer (Carpenters), dies of anorexia at 32
1983 - Reginald Denham, director/writer (Death at BC House), dies at 89
Pianist LiberacePianist Liberace (1987) 1987 - Liberace, pianist (Liberace Show, Evil Chandell-Batman), dies at 67
1987 - Carl Rogers, American psychologist (b. 1902)
1989 - Kenneth "Jethro" Burns, country singer (Homer & Jethro), dies at 69
1990 - Whipper Billy Watson, Canadian professional wrestler (b. 1917)
1991 - Bob Leslie, actor (Cinderella, Mako: Jaws of Death), dies at 64
1992 - Fred Slyter, dialogue coach, dies after long illness at 56
1992 - John Dehner, actor (Apache, Cowboy, Boys from Brazil), dies at 76
1994 - Han Jansen, Dutch painter, dies at 62
1994 - Harold Schneider, US producer (5 Easy Pieces, War Games), dies at 55
1994 - Jan Veldkamp, Dutch geophysicist/director (KNMI), dies at 84
1994 - Justinus Darmojuwono, Indonesian archbishop/cardinal, dies at 79
1995 - Betty Davis, British dance teacher of Dame Margot Fonteyn, dies
1995 - Patricia Highsmith, [Mary Patricia Plangman], US/Swiss, dies at 74
1995 - Roel Wiersma, Dutch soccer star (PSV), dies at 62
1997 - James Friell, political cartoonist, dies at 84
2000 - Carl Albert, American politician, 54th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (b. 1908)
2000 - Doris Coley, American singer (Shirelles) (b. 1941)
2000 - Phil Tonken, American radio and television announcer (b. 1919)
2001 - J. J. Johnson, American jazz trombonist and composer (b. 1924)
2001 - Iannis Xenakis, Greek composer and architect (b. 1922)
2002 - George Nader, American film and television actor (b. 1921)
2003 - Charlie Biddle, Canadian jazz bassist (b. 1926)
2003 - Benyoucef Ben Khedda, Algerian politician (b. 1920)
2003 - André Noyelle, Belgian cyclist (b. 1931)
Writer Betty FriedanWriter Betty Friedan (2006) 2006 - Betty Friedan, American writer and feminist, dies of congestive heart failure at 85

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