This Day in History for 7th February

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 175

457 - Leo I becomes emperor of the Byzantine Empire.
1074 - Battle of Montesarchio in which the prince of Benevento, Pandulf IV, is killed battling the encroaching Normans.
1238 - The Mongols burn the Russian city of Vladimir.
1301 - Edward of Caernarion (later Edward II) becomes first (English) prince of Wales
1522 - Treaty of Brussels: Habsburgers split into Spanish/Austrian Branches
1550 - Giovanni Maria del Monte elected Pope Julius III
1569 - King Philip II forms inquistion in South America
1613 - Michail Romanov (16) becomes czar of Russia
1639 - Academie Francaise begins Dictionary of French Language
1653 - Nicolas Fouquet appointed superintendant of Finance of France
1668 - Dutch Prince William III dances in premiere of "Ballet of Peace"
1792 - Austria & Prussia sign anti-French covenant
1792 - D Cimarosa's opera "Il Matrimonio Segreto," premieres in Vienna
1795 - 11th Amendment to US Constitution ratified, affirms power of states
1795 - Dutch Prince William V accepts British occupation of Dutch Indies
1812 - 8.2 earthquake shakes New Madrid, Missouri
1812 - Lord Byron makes his maiden speech in House of Lords
1818 - 1st successful US educational magazine "Academician," begins (NYC)
1827 - Ballet (Deserter) introduced to US at Bowery Theater (NYC)
1831 - Belgium adopts its Constitution
Novelist Charles DickensNovelist Charles Dickens 1836 - "Sketches by Boz" (essays) published by Charles Dickens
1839 - Henry Clay declares in Senate "I had rather be right than president"
1842 - Battle of Debre Tabor: Ras Ali Alula, Regent of the Emperor of Ethiopia defeats warlord Wube Haile Maryam of Semien.
1856 - The colonial Tasmanian Parliament passes the first piece of legislation (the Electoral Act of 1856) anywhere in the world providing for elections by way of a secret ballot.
1862 - Federal fleet attack on Roanoke Island NC
1863 - HMS Orpheus sinks off the coast of Auckland, New Zealand, killing 189.
1864 - Federal troops occupy Jacksonville, Florida
1872 - Alcorn A & M College opens
Legislator and Orator Henry ClayLegislator and Orator Henry Clay 1876 - Pres Grants private-secretary Orville acquitted in Whiskey Ring
1877 - 1st Guernsey Cattle Club organizes (NYC)
1881 - Battle at Ingogo, Transvaal: Boers beat superior British forces
1882 - Last bare knuckle champion John L Sullivan KOs Paddy Ryan in Miss
1883 - Lt-colonel Borgnis-Desbordes founds Fort Bamako Niger
1884 - Canadian Rugby Football Union forms
1889 - Astronomical Society of Pacific holds 1st meeting in SF
1891 - Great Blizzard of 1891 begins in England
1894 - The Cripple Creek miner's strike, led by the Western Federation of Miners, begins in Cripple Creek, Colorado.
1900 - British troops vacate Vaal Krantz, Natal
1903 - VVV '03 Soccer team forms in Venlo
1904 - Baltimore catches fire (1500 buildings destroyed in 80 blocks)
1905 - Dominican Rep signs treaty turning over customs collection to US
1907 - The Mud March was the first large procession organized by the National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies (NUWSS).
1907 - Conservative coalition take over Reichstag in Germany after rallying conservatives against the threat of a socialist government
Baseball Legend Connie MackBaseball Legend Connie Mack 1908 - Connie Mack sells hurler Rube Waddell to St Louis Browns for $5,000
1910 - Edmond Rostand's "Chantecler," premieres in Paris
1912 - 2nd Dutch 11 city skate (Coen de Koenig wins (11:40)
1914 - Charlie Chaplin debuts "The Tramp" in "Kid Auto Races at Venice"
1914 - Steel work completed on Exposition (Civic) Auditorium, SF
1915 - 1st wireless message sent from a moving train to a station received
1915 - 2nd Battle of Masurian Lakes: German armies surrounded a Russian army
1922 - John Willard's "Cat & the Canary," premieres in NYC
Italian Dictator Benito MussoliniItalian Dictator Benito Mussolini 1924 - Benito Mussolini government exchanges diplomats with USSR
1928 - 1st solo England to Australia flight takes off (Bert Hinkler)
1931 - US opera, "Peter Ibbetson," by Deems Taylor premieres at Met Opera NYC
1933 - Colonial troops in Suriname kill 2 demonstrators
1933 - Social-Dem meeting in Berlin "As thousands cheer" Marxism is dead
1934 - 1st contract for TVA power, Tupelo, Miss
1936 - A flag is authorized for Vice President
1936 - Felix the Cat, Cartoon Character, by Van Beuren from Otto Messmer
1940 - British railroads nationalized
Animator Walt DisneyAnimator Walt Disney 1940 - Walt Disney's 2nd feature-length movie, "Pinocchio," premieres (NYC)
1941 - Frank Sinatra & Tommy Dorsey orchestra record "Everything Happens to Me"
1942 - 1st indoor 15' pole vault (Cornelius Warmerdam 15' 3/8")
1943 - Shoe rationing begins in US (may purchase up to 3 more pairs in 1942)
1944 - Bing Crosby records "Swinging on a Star" for Decca Records
1944 - Germans launch counteroffensive at Anzio Italy
1945 - General Douglas MacArthur returns to Manila
1945 - Harry Truman appoints Irwin C Mollison judge of US Customs Court
WW2 General Douglas MacArthurWW2 General Douglas MacArthur 1945 - US 76th/5th Infantry divisions begin crossing Sauer
1946 - Filibuster in US Senate kills FEPC bill
1947 - Arabs & Jews reject British proposal to split Palestine
1948 - "Cradle Will Rock" closes at Mansfield Theater NYC after 34 perfs
1948 - Omar Bradley succeeds Dwight Eisenhower as Army Chief of Staff
1949 - Joe DiMaggio becomes 1st $100,000/year baseball player (NY Yankees)
1950 - Georges Bidault forms French government
1950 - Sen Joe McCarthy finds "communists" in US Ministry of Foreign Affairs
1950 - US & Great-Britain recognize Bao Dai Vietnamese regime
Baseball Player Joe DiMaggioBaseball Player Joe DiMaggio 1958 - 1st showing of DAF 600 auto
1958 - Dodgers officially become the Los Angeles Dodgers, Inc
1958 - Dutch auto-transmission car DAF 600 introduced
1959 - "Whoop-Up" closes at Shubert Theater NYC after 56 performances
1959 - Castro proclaims new Cuban constitution
1959 - Cessna lands in Las Vegas after 65 d without landing (refuels in air)
1959 - Dorothy Rigney sells White Sox to Bill Veeck for a reported $27M
1960 - Old handwriting found in at Qumran, near the Dead Sea
1961 - Jane Fonda made her acting debut in the NBC drama "A String of Beads"
Actress Jane FondaActress Jane Fonda 1962 - Gas explosion in Luisanthal coal mine Voelklingen Germany kills 298
1962 - President Kennedy begins blockade of Cuba by banning all Cuban imports and exports.
1962 - Sam Snead wins LPGA Royal Poinciano Plaza Golf Invitational
1962 - The United States bans all Cuban imports and exports.
1964 - Baskin-Robbins introduces Beatle Nut ice cream
1964 - Beatles land at NY's JFK airport, for 1st US tour
1964 - Cassius Clay becomes a black Moslem
1964 - Roger Sessions' 5th Symphony, premieres
1965 - George Harrison has his tonsils removed
1965 - Operations begin at Grupo Folklorico Antiyano on Curacao
Singer-Songwriter George HarrisonSinger-Songwriter George Harrison 1965 - US begins regular bombing & strafing of N Vietnam
1965 - WVIZ TV channel 25 in Cleveland, OH (PBS) begins broadcasting
1966 - KWCM TV channel 10 in Appleton, MN (PBS) begins broadcasting
1967 - A fire at a restaurant in Montgomery, Alabama kills 25 people.

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 229

1102 - Empress Matilda, Princess of England and wife of Henry V of the Holy Roman Empire (d. 1169)
1478 - Sir Thomas More, English statesman, humanist, and author (d. 1535)
1556 - Maria van Nassau, Dutch countess of Buren
1589 - Jacob de Witt, Dutch mayor (Dordrecht)/mathematician
1612 - Thomas Killigrew, English humorist/playwright/leader (King's Men)
1655 - Jean-Francois Regnard, French comedy writer (Slave in Algeria)
Princess of Orange Maria Louise van Hessen-KasselPrincess of Orange Maria Louise van Hessen-Kassel (1688) 1688 - Maria Louise van Hessen-Kassel, [Marijke Meu], princess of Orange
1693 - Anna Ivanova Romanova, Empress of Russia (1730-40) [NS]
1700 - Philippe Buache, French geographer/cartographer (Contourlijnen)
1707 - Carl August Thielo, composer
1710 - William Boyce, English organist/composer of Cathedral music
1739 - Joseph Pouteau, composer
1740 - Adam-Philippe Custine, French earl/general/MP
1753 - Rhijnvis Feith, Dutch mayor/writer (Zwolle/Thirsa)
1758 - Benedikt Emanuel Schack, composer
1801 - John Rylands, England, merchant/philanthropist
1804 - John Deere, Rutland, Vermont, pioneer American blacksmith and manufacturer of agricultural equipment who founded Deere & Company
Deere & Company Founder John DeereDeere & Company Founder John Deere (1804) 1809 - Frederik Paludan-Muller, Danish Romantic poet (Danserinden)
1812 - Charles Dickens, England, novelist (Oliver Twist, Tale of 2 Cities)
1814 - Gardner Quincy Colton, Georgia, Vermont, USA, American lecturer who was the first to use nitrous oxide as an anesthetic in dentistry
1817 - Leroy Pope Walker, US lawyer/Confederate minister of War (1861)
1822 - Joaquin y Garbayo Gaztambide, composer
1823 - Richard Genee, composer
1824 - William Higgins, discoverer (nature of spiral nebulae)
1825 - Crystobal Oudrid y Segura, composer
1833 - Ricardo Palma, Peru, writer/poet (Tradiciones Peruanas)
Novelist Charles DickensNovelist Charles Dickens (1812) 1834 - Dmitri I Mendelejev, Russian chemist (Periodic Table)
1837 - James Augustus Henry Murray, Scotland, created Oxford Dictionary
1839 - Nicolaas G Pierson, Dutch banker/Suriname premier (1897-1901)
1842 - Alexandre Ribot, French statesman (d. 1923)
1847 - Ernst Franck, German composer/conductor
1862 - Bernard Maybeck, US architect (Palace of Fine Arts, SF)
1863 - Mieczyslaw Soltys, composer
1864 - Arthur Collins, singer/comedian (Peerless Quartet)
1864 - Ricardo Castro Herrera, composer
1866 - Raf[ael] Verhulst, [Koen Ravestein], Flemish writer (Jesus of Nazarus)
1867 - Laura Ingalls Wilder, Wisc, kid book author (Little House on Prarie)
1869 - Jindrich S Baar, Czech pastor/writer (Jan Cimbura)
1870 - Alfred Adler, Austria, psychiatrist (Inferiority Complex)
1871 - Karl Wilhelm Eugen Stenhammer, composer
1872 - Nikolaos "Sokrates" Politis, Greek lawyer/diplomat/foreign minister
1875 - Erkki Gustav Melartin, composer
1875 - Walter Courvoisier, composer
1877 - Feliks Nowowiejski, composer
1877 - Godfrey H Hardy, England, number theorist
1877 - Julius Curtius, German minister of Foreign affairs (1929-..)
1878 - Ossip Gabrilovich, composer
1883 - Paul de Backer, Belgian radiologist
1885 - Sinclair Lewis, novelist/social critic (Main Street, Nobel 1930)
1887 - Eubie Blake, Baltimore Maryland, US ragtime composer/pianist (Memories of You) (d. 1983)
1889 - Harry Nyquist, important contributor to information theory (d. 1976)
1891 - Joachim Stutschewsky, composer
1891 - Ann Little, American actress (d. 1984)
1896 - Harold Hoffman, South Amboy NJ, (Gov-NJ)
1896 - Jacob Paludan, Danish pharmacist/writer (Jorgen Stein)
1897 - Quincy Porter, New Haven Ct, composer
1898 - Dock Boggs, American musician (d. 1971)
1899 - Arvid Pelshe, Latvian Communist leader, CPSU Politburo member
1901 - Bob den Doolaard, [Cornelis Spoelstra], Dutch writer (Grape Pickers)
1902 - Ethelda Blebtrey, Waterford NY, 100m swimmer (Olympic-gold-1920)
1904 - Milton Krims, writer (Speed)
1905 - Olf S von Euler-Chelpin, Swedish physiologist
1905 - Paul Nizan, French journalist/writer (L'Humanité, La Conspiration)
1905 - Ulf Svante von Euler, Sweden, physiologist (Nobel 1970)
1906 - Henry P'u-i, last emperor of China, puppet emperor of Manchukuo
1906 - Oleg Antonov, Soviet aircraft designer (d. 1984)
1907 - Arthur George Bottomley, politician
1907 - Yevgeniy Abalakov, Soviet mountaineer (d. 1948)
1909 - Joseph "Poeske" Scherens, Flem cyclist (champ sprinter 1932-37) [OS]
1909 - Hélder Câmara, Roman catholic archbishop (d. 1999)
1910 - Buster Crabbe, 400m US swimmer (Olympics-gold-1932)
1912 - Derek Farr, London, actor (8 O'Clock Walk, Doctor at Large)
1912 - Jane Ross, Spokane Wash, actress (Audrey-Phyllis, Coed Fever)
1912 - Russell Drysdale, Australian Artist {d. 1981}
1914 - David Ignatow, US poet (Tread the Dark, Rescue the Dead)
1914 - Jacques Mornard, [Ramon Mercader], murderer (Trotsky)
1914 - Ralph Whitlock, writer
1915 - Eddie Bracken, American actor (d. 2002)
1917 - Dick Emery, London England, actor (Yellow Submarine, Loot, Baby Love)
1918 - Markey Robinson, Northern Irish painter (d. 1999)
1919 - Ilse Pausin, Austria, figure skating pairs (Olympics-silver-1936)
1920 - Eddie Bracken, Astoria NYC, actor (Summer Stock, Young & Willing)
1920 - Oscar Brand, Winnipeg Canada, folk vocalist (Draw Me a Laugh)
1921 - Athol Rowan, cricketer (brother of Eric, South African off-spinner)
1921 - Bryan Woods, soldier/clerk
1922 - Hattie Jacques, Kent England, actress (Carry on films) (d. 1980)
1923 - George H H Lascelles, English earl of Harewood/leader (Covent Garden)
1923 - Keefe Brasselle, Elyria Ohio, actor (Be Our Guest)
1923 - Martha Holmes, American photographer (d. 2006)
1924 - Cathy Long, (Rep-D-LA, 1985-86)
1924 - Dora Bryan, [Broadhurst], Southport England, actress (Taste of Honey)
1924 - Johnny Jordaan, [Jan van Musscher], Amsterdam folk vocalist
1925 - Arthur Berry, artist
1925 - H Eisenreich, writer
1925 - Marius Constant, Rumania, Dutch composer/conductor (Paradise Lost)
1925 - Romolo Valli, actor (Bobby Deerfield, Fistful of Dynamite, La Viaccia)
1926 - Konstantin Petrovich Feokistov, USSR, cosmonaut (Voskhod I)
1927 - John Buller, composer
1927 - Vladimir Kuts, Russian runner (d. 1975)
1928 - Al "Fuzzy" Smith, baseball player

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 5 of 5

1901 - Queen Wilhelmina marries Prince Heinrich von Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Heavyweight Boxing Champion Jack DempseyHeavyweight Boxing Champion Jack Dempsey (1925) 1925 - Heavyweight boxing champ Jack Dempsey (29) weds actress Estelle Taylor (30)
1931 - Aviation pioneer Amelia Earhart (33) weds publisher George Palmer Putnam (43) in Noank, Connecticut
1988 - Heavyweight boxing champ Mike Tyson marries actress Robin Givens
2009 - Actress and skating champ Kristy Swanson (39) weds 1993 World Pair Skater Champion Lloyd Eisler (45) at The Madonna Inn in San Luis Obispo, California

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 126

590 - Pelagius II, Gothic Pope (579-90), dies from plague
999 - Boleslaus II of Bohemia
1045 - Emperor Go-Suzaku of Japan (b. 1009)
1317 - Robert, Count of Clermont, French founder of the House of Bourbon (b. 1256)
1560 - Bartolomeo Bandinelli, Italian sculptor (b. 1493)
1593 - Jacques Amyot, French humanist/abbot of Bellozanne, dies at 79
1609 - Ferdinand I, cardinal/ruler of Toscane, dies
1626 - William V, Duke of Bavaria (b. 1548)
1642 - William Bedell, English clergyman (b. 1571)
1690 - William Morice, English royalist statesman
1693 - Paul Pellisson, French writer (b. 1624)
1736 - Stephen Gray, English astronomer and scientist (b. 1666)
1743 - Lodovico Giustini, composer, dies at 57
1749 - Andre Cardinal Destouches, composer, dies at 76
1779 - William Boyce, composer, dies at 67
1799 - Qianlong, Emperor of China (b. 1711)
1801 - Daniel Chodowiecki, Polish painter (b. 1726)
1820 - Samuel Adams Holyoke, composer, dies at 57
1823 - Ann Radcliffe (Ward), English poet/author of horror novels, dies at 58
1827 - Franz Anton Dimmler, composer, dies at 73
1830 - Marcus Antonio da Fonseca Portugal, Portuguese composer, dies at 67
1837 - King Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden (b. 1778)
1839 - Karl August Nicander, Swedish poet (b. 1799)
1857 - Félix PBOG, Earl of Merode, Belgian minister of War, dies at 65
1862 - Frantisek Jan Skroup, composer, dies at 61
1865 - John Henry Winder, US Confederate brig-gen/provost marshal, dies at 64
1871 - Heinrich Engelhard Steinweg, piano manufacturer (Steinway & Sons) (b. 1797)
1873 - Sheridan Le Fanu, Irish writer (b. 1814)
1878 - Pius IX, "Pio Nono", [Giovanni Ferretti], Pope (1846-78), dies at 85
1881 - Fredrik Cygnaeus, Finnish poet/literature critic, dies at 73
1897 - Galileo Ferraris, Italian physicist (Ferrari), dies at 49
1901 - Benjamin Edward Woolf, composer, dies at 64
1911 - Harry Graham, cricketer (6 Test for Australia 1893-96, 301 runs), dies
1915 - Wladyslaw Gorski, composer, dies at 68
1918 - Alexander Sergeyevich Taneyev, composer, dies at 68
1919 - William Halford, American naval officer and Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1841)
1920 - Alexander Koltsjak, adm/leader Russian counter-revolutionary, executed
1920 - Aleksandr Vasilevich Kolchak, Russian military commander (b. 1874)
1921 - Peter Kropotkin, Russ Prince/geologist/revolut anarchist, dies at 78
1931 - Ion Vidu, composer, dies at 67
1933 - Albert Gyorgy Earl Apponyi, Hung minister of Education, dies at 86
1937 - Elihu Root, US min of War/Foreign affairs (Nobel 1912), dies at 91
Tire Industrialist Harvey FirestoneTire Industrialist Harvey Firestone (1938) 1938 - Harvey Firestone, American manufacturer, dies at 69
1939 - Boris Grigoriev, Russian painter (b. 1886)
1940 - Francis Ford, cricketer (5 Tests for England v Australia 1894-95), dies
1942 - Dorando di Desiderio Pietri, marathoner (Oly-gold-1908), dies at 56
1942 - Ivan Bilibin, Russian illustrator (b. 1876)
1944 - Lina Cavalieri, Italian soprano (b. 1874)
1948 - "Red" McKenzie, blues-jazz singer (played comb-with-tissue-paper), dies
1954 - Jan Adam Maklakiewicz, composer, dies at 54
1957 - Rudolph Reti, composer, dies at 71
1958 - Walter Kingsford, actor (My Favorite Blonde, Fly by Night), dies at 76
1959 - Daniel F Malan, premier of South Africa (1948-54), dies at 84
1959 - Napoleon Lajorie, baseball player, dies at 83
1959 - Slim [Eddie Jones] Guitar, rocker, dies at 32
1960 - Igor V Kurtshatov, Russian nuclear physicist, dies at 57
1962 - Arthur Carr, cricketer (11 Tests for Eng 22-29), dies shovelling snow
1962 - Clara Nordström, German writer and translator (b. 1886)
1963 - Learco Guerra, Italian cyclist (b. 1902)
1964 - Hermann A J Kees, German egyptologist, dies at 77
1964 - Lillian Copeland, US discus thrower (Oly-gold-32), dies at 59
1965 - Nance O'Neil, actor (Cimarron, Royal Bed, Rogue Song), dies at 90
1967 - Henry Morgenthau, US minster of Finance (devaluate dollar), dies at 74
1968 - Nick Adams, actor (Interns, Pillow Talk, FBI Story), ODs at 36
1968 - Stuart Foster, singer (Galen Drake Show), dies at 49
1969 - Bainbridge Crist, composer, dies at 85
1974 - Arline Judge, actress (Age of Consent), dies at 61
1975 - Brendan Fay, actor (Hustler, Man on a Swing), dies at 54
1977 - Herman Dooyeweerd, Dutch philosopher/lawyer, dies at 82
1979 - Josef Mengele, concentration camp doctor, drowns
1980 - Ernst Kunz, composer, dies at 88
1980 - Katherine Emery, actress (Maze, Isle of the Dead), dies at 73
1980 - Secondo Campini, Italian jet pioneer (b. 1904)
1981 - Frederika of Hanover, Queen of Greece (b. 1917)
1984 - Brooks West, actor (Richard-My Friend Irma), dies at 67
1985 - Albert Dondeyne, Belgian philosopher/theologist, dies at 83
1985 - Uday Merchant, cricket (bro of Vijay, prolific scorer), dies
1985 - Matt Monro, English singer (b. 1932)
1986 - Armand Preud'homme, Flemish organist/lyricist, dies at 81
1986 - Cheikh Anta Diop, Senegalese historian (b. 1923)
1988 - Lin[wood V] Carter, US, sci-fi writer (Lost World of Time), dies at 57
1990 - Dom Heider Camara, nonviolent/human rights Bishop of Brazil, dies
1990 - Jimmy Van Heusen, composer (Call Me Irresponsible), dies at 77
1990 - Nathan Wartels, publisher (Crown), dies at 88 of pneumonia
1990 - Alfredo M. Santos, First Four-star General of the Armed Forces of the Philippines, World War II hero (b. 1905)
1991 - Dick Winslow, actor (Tom Sawyer, Mutiny on the Bounty), dies at 75
1991 - Gladys LaVerne, dies of heart problems at 87
1991 - Amos Yarkoni, legendary Israeli soldier (b. 1920)
1991 - Jean-Paul Mousseau, Quebec painter, member of Les Automatistes (b. 1927)
1991 - John Steinbeck IV, American author and journalist
1992 - Jeanne Gerson, dies of cancer & pneumonia at 87
1992 - Buzz Sawyer, wrestler (b. 1959)
1993 - W Sybout A Colenbrander, Dutch historian/journalist, dies at 82
1994 - Maarten Vrolijk, Dutch soc-dem minister (CRM 1965-66), dies at 74
1994 - Richard Bissell, US under director of CIA (Pig's Bay), dies at 84
1994 - Witold Lutosławski, Polish composer (b. 1913)
1995 - Helen Wallis, cartographer/Librarian, dies at 70
1995 - Massimo Pallottino, Ital archaeologist (Etruscologia), dies at 86
1996 - George Lowthian Trevelyan, designer/visionary, dies at 89
1996 - Isian Kehinde I K Dairo, musician/academic, dies at 65

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